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What is mean by OS? It is a interface between user and hardware, without Operating system we cant interact with computer.

What is Hardware and Software? Hardwarephysical component, we can touch and feel the parts Softwareset of instruction or set of code What are the requirements needs for assembling? a. Motherboardprocessor, memory(RAM) b. HARD DISK,DVD DRIVE c. SMPS d. Monitor e. Keyboard, mouse f. CablesBus cables, Power cables What are the requirements for installing Windows XP a. Processor233MHz b. RAM64MB c. Hard disk1.5 GB d. Monitor, keyboard, mouse What are the classifications in OS? a. Single user and single taskex MSDOS b. Single User Multi taskEx Windows XP, VISTA, 7, 98, 95, 2000 c. Multi user Ex Linux, MS server NT, 2000, 2003, 2008 What is mean by Memory and its types? Memory is an organism's ability to store, retain, and recall information and experiences Types: a. Primary memory RAM(STAIC,DYNAMIC),ROM(PROM,EEPROM,EEPROM b. Secondary MemoryMagnetic Disk (Hard disk), Magnetic Tape (tape recorder), Optical Disk (CD, DVD), Plug and Play devices (pen drive). What I the difference between DDR1, DDR2, DDR3? DDRDouble data rate or Dual Data Rate DDR1: 2.5v No of Occurrence 200 MHz 64 bits data bus used Delay time is 2.5nano Sec Data Transfer Speed is 400Mbps 168 pin DDR2: 1.8 v Bus Frequency (no of Occurrence) 333 MHz 64 bits Data Bus is Used (comp-mem)

Delay time 5ns(nano second) 184 pin DDR3: 1.5 v Bus Frequency (no of Occurrence) 666 MHz 64 bits Data Bus is Used (comp-mem) CAS latency ( Delay time ) 7 per ns 240 pin What is the difference between RAM and ROM? RAM: a. RAM is Random Access Memory b. It is a volatile type of memory c. Temporary storage(data loss when power is OFF) d. needs electricity to flow to retain information e. typesStatic RAM(cache memory), Dynamic RAM(DDR1, DDR2, DDR3) ROM: a. ROM is Read Only Memory b. It is a non volatile type of memory c. permanently written information stored as memory d. typesPROM(Programmable ROM), EPROM(Erasable PROM), EEPROM(Electrically PROM) What are the 2 types of Primary Memory? a. DASD(Direct Access Storage Device)Magnetic Disk(hard disk) b. SASD(Sequence Access Storage Device)Magnetic Tape What is track? One circular path of disk is called track What is sector? Track is sub divided into multiple parts, that each parts is called sector What is the full form DVD? Digital Versatile Disk What is SEEK time, LATENCY time, READ/WRITE time? SEEK controller advances read/write head to proper track LATENCY waits for proper sector to rotate under head READ/WRITE disk head scans the sector for read or write What is the difference floppy disk and Hard disk? FLOPPY DISKS 5.25 and 3.5 inch diskettes 1.44 2.88 MBytes capacity access: drive speeds 600 r.p.m. inexpensive, archival uses for small amounts of data HARD DISKS 3.5 inch has approx 10-30K tracks per side multiple disk, sides (cylinders) high capacity access: drive speeds 5,400; 7,200 r.p.m. and higher What is the maximum capacity of DVD? 17 GB

What is the maximum capacity of CD? 650MB What is cache memory? It is a fastest memory In built in CPU(L1,L2) L1(Primary cachefirst check data in cache memoryit is equalant access time to CPU clock speed) L2(secondary cache What is the difference between Win98 and Win XP? windows98:

FAT file System Slow compare with windows XP. Does not having Remote Desktop and Remote Assistance Win98 Does not provide System Restore while XP Provide Does not having CD burning facility Win98 does not having Hibernate facility While XP having Hibernate Facility.


NTFS as well as FAT fast Its having Remote Desktop and Remote Assistance option WinXP is provide System Restore while XP Provide . WinXP having CD Burning Facility fast user Switching. Hibernate facility available

What is booting? a. Booting is process b. Its check the peripheral devices are working properly or not It having two types Type1: hardware booting Type2: OS booting What is input? User gives the instruction to computer. What is output? User gets the instruction from the computer. It is depend upon user input What is the difference between Hard disk interfaces? Hard disk having 3 types of interfaces 1. IDE40 pin, Data Transfer Rate 3 to 133 MHz, 2. SATA7 pin, Data transfer speed 150MHz, 300Mhz, 600Mhz 3. SCSI50, 68 pin, Data transfer Speed 320Mhz