TGR SBS Day 2 Handout

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www.greenspec.co.uk
www.greenspec.co.uk

www.capem.eu

Making changes
• There will always be excuses for status quo prevails • There will always be excuses from y those that dislike change • We need to look for solutions and overcome the barriers • There is an increasing urgency • Government is investing £m s through agencies providing free advice

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17/07/2007

© NGS 2006 Ti tle

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Greening your own Offi Office
ISO 14001, FM & MOBS, Sick Building Syndrome, Transport, IT, Food, Stationery, Paper, Office, Kitchen, WCs, DDA
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Sustainable Facilities & Property Management
Faber Maunsell’s MOBS website

Http://www.mobs.org.uk sadly no longer available
Another GreenSpec CPD the download © NGS 2003-11 Greening up to Office www.scribd.com/brianspecman
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8

Making changes: false barriers
• • • • Example: Recycling paper Excuse: Security & Confidentiality? If you are not Gov, MI5, MoD or BoE Gov MI5 How good is putting it in the bin with other rubbish? • When the bag is on the pavement, can burst and spill all over the street • Who is looking in your bin anyway?

If its confidential shred it

Confidential?
• Avoid electric shredder, use manual shredder for the exercise • Shred it two directions • US Army Gulf war experience • Compost it? • BofE notes and Smile Plastics • BEN

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www.greenspec.co.uk

Ambitions v Recession
• Letting agents
– Major fit-outs ripped out many times – Fit out waste mostly to landfill Fit-out

BREEAM
• BREEAM
– Building Research Establishment – Environmental Assessment Method

www.capem.eu

1

• BREEAM for New Offices
– Building Fabric – Possible to get Outstanding with fully glazed, air conditioned building

• 1980s boom
– BCO considered standards – CAT A, B & C fit outs

• BREEAM for Existing Offices
– For Fit-outs and Refits
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• Late 1980s & Early 1990s recession
– Standard forgotten about

• BREEAM In Use

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TGR SBS Day 2 Handout

29/12/2011 03:59

www.greenspec.co.uk

www.greenspec.co.uk

LEED

www.capem.eu

GreenStar
1

www.capem.eu

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• American alternative to BREEAM • Some say easier to use • Possible to get Platinum for Fully glazed air conditioned building

• • • • •

Australia More commercially minded Engages with money and expenditure Considers CAPEX v OPEX Commerce can engage with it

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www.greenspec.co.uk

Ska
• Engages with real issue
– Not just a tick box exercise

www.capem.eu

Defra Consultation
1

• GPP Government Public Procurement
– EU driven

• 100 issues
– Ranked in importance

• Credits available for
– – – – – reuse of existing installations use of generic materials in BRE GGtS, Products from GreenBookLive or GreenSpec Services from ECA: WTL, ETL, Products with EPD (despite their violet content)
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• UK standards being set higher • Furniture Industry Consultation meeting
– Nov 2009

• Public consultation on draft standards
– Completed – Overwhelmed by manufacturers
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www.greenspec.co.uk

www.capem.eu

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Running of the Building Operations
• • • • • • • Transport Electric Supply Energy Use Sick Building Syndrome Office Activity Kitchen and Toilet Refuse Collection
© NGS 2003-11 Greening up the Office 24

Conference Calls
• Avoid travel • if you have Broadband:
– Phone/video at no extra cost

Greening your own Office
What can be done?

29/12/2011 03:58

• multi person/location meetings on the phone • Video conference calls • Use Skype on Broadband no extra cost 26 • Skype in and Skype out

© NGS 2003-11 Greening up the Design Office

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TGR SBS Day 2 Handout

29/12/2011 03:59

www.greenspec.co.uk

www.greenspec.co.uk

Moving about in office
• Don’t use lifts between adjacent and close floors, consider other tenants • Walk up and down between floors • Discourage use of lifts in all but taller buildings • Lift up many floors, Walk down • Avoid single person lift rides

www.capem.eu

Violet Energy
1

www.capem.eu

1

• From the grid
– Transmission Losses

Energy Supply
Grid supply, Dispersed Generation and Renewables
27

• From Power stations
– Few CH&P plants
• Cooling tower water wastage • Cooling tower heat wastage

• From coal, gas and oil
– Dirty and carbon intensive

• From Nuclear
– Nuclear waste, polluted water cooling into seas – Depleted uranium tipped shells used in warfare
• Radioactive burned out armed vehichles that children play in

– Decommissioning radioactive waste
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www.greenspec.co.uk

www.greenspec.co.uk

Green Energy
• Via the grid

www.capem.eu

1

www.capem.eu

Carbon Reduction Commitment
1

– inefficient delivery grid transmission loss

• From your own private district system
– Some inefficiencies can be compensated

• From your own building
– no transmission loss – Use it efficiently
• without voltage transformers • Efficient consuming equipment
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Energy Use

• Major driver for Big Business and Government • Pay large sums of money for carbon usage • Reduce use to claim it back again • Fail to reduce and loose it
29/12/2011 03:58 © NGS 2003-11 Greening up the Office 33

www.greenspec.co.uk

www.greenspec.co.uk

Fuel
• Use Gas appliances in preference to electricity • Including Gas Fridge (not easy to find) • unless using Green Tariff Electric • If stuck with electric
– use Class A++ appliances in all cases

www.capem.eu

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www.capem.eu

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Electrical Energy Efficiency
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Smart metering
Metering Monitoring & Controls

• Voltage Optimisation on electric intake
29/12/2011 03:58 © NGS 2003-11 Greening up the Office

Smart metering & Controls Power, Lighting, Appliances, Heating, Batteries, Computers, Reduction in use, Limiting waste

© NGS 2003-11 Greening up the Design Office

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TGR SBS Day 2 Handout

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www.greenspec.co.uk

Whole building monitoring
• Electrisave • http://www.electrisave.co.uk/pages/order

Efergy
• • • • • •
39 40

www.capem.eu

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• If you type in discount code of "ETHECO" on the order form, you will get a £5 discount • Electrisave will pay Etheco a commission to help them maintain and improve their website.
29/12/2011 03:58 © NGS 2003-11 Greening up the Office

Energy Saving Smart Meter http://www.efergy.com/en/ £44.95 £44 95 £5.00 off Voucher Code: E1/00GY100 Additional Sensor: £4.95
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www.greenspec.co.uk

Efergy

www.capem.eu

DIY Kyoto
1

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• Wattson • Real time read-out of energy consumption of building • Real time cost read-out too • www.Diykyoto.com • Recycled school furniture • Hand made was £395.00 • Now into batch production RRP £149.50 • pre-orders now on-line at £125.00 • Quantity discounts available

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www.greenspec.co.uk

Electricity Monitorwww.capem.eu
• http://www.electricitymonitor.com/index.php?gclid=CM55uahoZECFR9WMAodFwzrtg g

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Chargers Transformers Low voltage circuits
Heat emitters

www.greenspec.co.uk

www.capem.eu

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© NGS 2003-11 Greening up the Design Office

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TGR SBS Day 2 Handout

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SSO Switched Socket Outlets Transformers and Chargers
• Avoid transformers
– keep and use at delivered voltage – E g PVs to LV circuits for LV kit E.g.

www.greenspec.co.uk

Railway Offices

www.capem.eu

Power supplies
1

• Add 9-12 volt circuit to avoid all the transformers that generate heat adding extra load to cooling & ventilation systems in summer

• Turn off transformers and chargers if nothing being charged to avoid energy use and heat gains • Always switch them off if not in use
29/12/2011 03:58 © NGS 2003-11 Greening up the Office 48 49 50

www.greenspec.co.uk

www.greenspec.co.uk

www.greenspec.co.uk

Sustain IT

www.capem.eu

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www.capem.eu

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Energy Efficiency www.capem.eu
• • • • • • Appliances Kitchen equipment Domestic Appliances White goods PriceXtra Electric Supply Modulation
© NGS 2003-11 Greening up the Office

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• http://www.sustainit.org/index.php

Electrical Energy Efficiency
Appliances
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Energy Efficiency
• Microwave very Energy efficient p compared with Cookers • Short time for staff lunches

Energy Efficient Appliances
• Choose A+ rated energy, water and noise efficiency appliances, • Fridge Freezer Fridge, Freezer, Dishwasher, Watercooler/chiller, Microwave, Cooker, Coffee making, • Significant reduction in energy use over life of appliance and office • • • •

Domestic Appliances
Overall Efficiency Energy Consumption Independent Best in range

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TGR SBS Day 2 Handout

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White Goods Domestic Appliances
• • • • • • • • A+, A, B C, D, E, F & G label Overall Efficiency Energy Consumption Capacity Water consumption Wash performance Spin performance Noise levels

White Goods Domestic Appliances
• FRIDGE/FREEZER:
– Energy Efficiency to EN 153: Class A+ – CFC and HCFC - free insulation and coolant.

http://www.pricextra.com

• DISHWASHER DISHWASHER:
– Energy Efficiency to EN 50242: Class A+

• WASHING MACHINE
– Energy Efficiency to BS EN 60456: Class A+ A+ A+

• DRYER:
– Energy Efficiency to BS EN 61121: Class A+
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Reduce Clothes Washing Soap Use

www.greenspec.co.uk

www.greenspec.co.uk

www.capem.eu

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www.capem.eu

Voltage Optimisation
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Voltage Optimisation
60

• Take the fluctuations out of the mains voltage (not the 50Hz cycle) • If the kit needs 210 Volts don’t permits peaks that exceed 210 V into the kit
– Reduce consumption

• Important for
– Fridges, Freezers, Air-conditioning

• Available for
– domestic, commercial, industrial, – whole supply or individual appliances
62

EPS 388 (Commercial)
• This gadget is plugged into a socket and it acts as a electricity modulator on your ring main. • Basically it will stop peaks and thus smooth out your electricity flowing around the office. • This makes your appliances work more efficiently. hi k li k ffi i l • Estimates vary between 10% and 20% saving on electricity bills. • You just plug it in and away it goes, saving you money all the time. • Large versions are available for schools, offices etc. • The EPS 388 (industrial applications) is £ 69 inc. VAT. 63 • www.power-save.com

www.greenspec.co.uk

Fridge/Freezer/Appliance efficiency
• Smoothes out the fluctuations in voltage • By turning off the supply to the fridge during peaks and back on when it falls • Savawatt’s • SavaPlug • SavaControls
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www.capem.eu

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Electrical Energy Efficiency
Heating

© NGS 2003-11 Greening up the Design Office

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TGR SBS Day 2 Handout

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www.greenspec.co.uk

Heating Efficiency www.capem.eu
• Access to Controls • Appropriate Heating and Controls • Energy Saving

Energy: Heating
1

Appropriate Heating & Controls
• To suit building fabric mass or lack of it • Automatic Controls and human override with return to default after set time • Accessible TRV at top of Radiators • Not set too high • Not Electric heating
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• Make sure heaters are on a separate circuit and switch it off in summer • Avoid cable switches below tables • Too much trouble! • I am not paid enough to do that too
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www.greenspec.co.uk

www.greenspec.co.uk

www.capem.eu

Artificial Lighting
1

Energy: Lighting
• Don’t leave lights and other q p equipment on if not needed • Partners out looking for work • No need for lights on all day
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www.capem.eu

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Electrical Energy Efficiency
Lighting

• Natural Light • Lighting Adds Heat • Energy Saving • Lighting Controls • Light bulbs and Lighting products • Light bulbs off • FM Cleaning Contracts • External lighting & Design & Controls • Light Pollution

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Energy: Lighting adds heat
• Experiment with turning lights off in summer to see if over-heating can be avoided • Require the cleaners to turn off the lights as they leave the floor
29/12/2011 03:58 © NGS 2003-11 Greening up the Office 73

Energy Saving
• If Legislation does not require it • why keep it on? • Turn it on in the event of a fire • PIR could turn it on if people present
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Use of Natural light
• If naturally lit • Why artificially too? • Light level detectors can turn lights on • Lights left on 24 hours every day and night • Indoors and out

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TGR SBS Day 2 Handout

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Lighting
• • • • • • Don’t use Tungsten light bulbs Will be illegal after 2011 UK 2010 Aus Use fluorescent lamps Use Low-energy long-life bulbs Use LED lights Don’t need to compromise on light quality to save energy • choose efficient fittings and lamps

Lighting Controls
• Control lights so not on if not required • Zone lights so those closest to windows are off in day and on after dark • Room, space or place ownership suggests type of controls • PIR detectors turn lights on if people present • External lights should be off by default and on when people present
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Railway Offices

• External lights not 24 hours

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15 times life expectancy of tungsten bulb 5 times more energy efficient A rating Specials for use on dimmer switches Cant buy the old type, still using them?
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15 times life expectancy of tungsten bulb 5 times more energy efficient A rating Specials for use on dimmer switches
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Light bulbs
• 10-20% of electricity bill is lighting • Traditional light bulbs: 75% of energy as heat • Switch to energy saving alternatives • energy-saving bulbs cost more to buy • last 15 times longer than traditional bulb • saving around £70 over longer life

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Light bulbs off
• If UK households replaced 1 100 W bulb with an energy-saving alternative • equivalent to Sizewell B nuclear power station turned off • government agonises over future power supply • Fails to address energy efficiency
29/12/2011 03:58 © NGS 2003-11 Greening up the Office 82

Light bulb products
• energy-saving bulbs have dramatically improved • many quality options are available • offer bright light • wide range of colours • fittings to suit passion for stylish lighting • www.lightbulbs-direct.com • huge selection • handy energy saving calculator • money saved by switching to low watt alternatives
29/12/2011 03:58 © NGS 2003-11 Greening up the Office 83

FM Cleaning contracts
• Staff are sometimes trained to turn lights off if last out of building • Cleaners turn them back on • But are they required to turn them off? • Lights left on all night? • Check the FM specification
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© NGS 2003-11 Greening up the Design Office

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TGR SBS Day 2 Handout

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External Lighting
• Light from building windows and glazed facades • Escape stair lighting p g g • Path lighting • Façade uplighting • Signage lighting • Porch lighting • Bike rack and car park lighting 85 • Area Flood lighting

Lighting
• UK lighting consumes 20% of electricity demand • More in many other countries • 40% in Thailand

Light Pollution

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www.greenspec.co.uk

www.greenspec.co.uk

Light Pollution
• Clean Neighbourhoods and Environment Act • Can be used to control light pollution g p • To protect wild life and neighbours • Avoid interrupting wild life sleep patterns • Avoid glare and orange skies for astronomers • http://www.darksky.org/

www.capem.eu

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www.capem.eu

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www.greenspec.co.uk

External Lighting Design
• • • • • • • Avoid Lighting Pollution Control direction Control light spread Avoid globes and uplighters Avoid glare Avoid lighting of the night sky Avoid unnecessarily bright lights
© NGS 2003-11 Greening up the Office 91

External Lighting Controls
• Turn off by default • Turn lights on only if dark and people p present • Control temptation to add lights that are not required • Add time delay switch for manual use • Add PIR to turn on if people present • Avoid lights on in the day under all circumstances 92 • • • • • •

Green Light

www.capem.eu

1

EST Mayor of London British Gas Business Give your lights time off Make it your business use less light www.greenlight-uk.org
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TGR SBS Day 2 Handout

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www.greenspec.co.uk

www.capem.eu

IT energy Efficiency
1

IT
• Don’t leave computers, copiers, printers or monitors on overnight • unless scheduled backups or updates are due to occur on the night in question, • or overnight processing is to occur
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Electrical Energy Efficiency
IT

• • • • •

Turning them all off Excuses Red and green lights give them away Energy demand when not in use Servers never off

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© NGS 2003-11 Greening up the Office

IT
• Don’t leave computers, monitors on overnight • Don’t turn monitors Don t off leaving the computers running, turn both off • Turn Monitors off too • Energy saving mode uses 90% of the normal energy demand when on

Clues things are on
• Light on Keyboards • Light on Monitor

Clues things are still on
• Infra-red mouse • Wireless routers • Extension leads • Switch them off

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www.greenspec.co.uk

IT
• Consider if Servers need to be left on 24 y, hours a day, • In summer turning computers off when not used helps to avoid over-heating. • Turn off at Christmas break?

www.capem.eu

Kitchen and Toilets
1

Kitchens & Toilets
100

• Hot water drinks • Cleaning Fluids • Paper • Drinking Water • Food & Drink • Utensils, Cutlery and Crockery • Fairtrade • Waste segregation • Equipment
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TGR SBS Day 2 Handout

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Hot water
• if sufficient staff numbers • Use boiling water dispenser rather then kettle • Kettle in preference to saucepan
103 29/12/2011 03:58 © NGS 2003-11 Greening up the Office 104

Zip Taps
• Not dissimilar to umbilical multi-supply taps behind bar in wine bars and pubs • These will dispense boiling water, cold water water and filtered chilled water • E sales@zipheaters.co.uk • T 0870 608 8888 • Zip Heaters UK Ltd. 14 Bertie Ward Way, Dereham, Norfolk NR19 1TE 105

www.greenspec.co.uk

www.capem.eu

Cleaning Fluids
1

• Use biodegradable cleaning fluids, • at kitchen sink, basins and toilet,

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Cleaning
• http://www.ecover.com/english/index.htm • http://www.ecover-professional.com/

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TGR SBS Day 2 Handout

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Ecover launches partnership with WaterAid
• • • • • • • • • • • • Water is fundamental to Ecover. They respect the water used when making their products. Their products have minimum impact on the aquatic environment, The water cycle is global, so what we do here in the UK has a wider effect around the globe. 3 year partnership with WaterAid to enable communities in Ethiopia to access clean water To provide effective, sustainable solutions for the hygienic needs of people around the effective world, and it is this common interest that has led to the formation of the partnership. Hintalo Wajerat in the Tigray region of Ethiopia 22% of the population currently has access to safe water 6% have access to adequate sanitation. 17 out of every 100 children will die before they reach their 5th birthday. 14,750 people across eleven villages in the region will have access to safe water and effective sanitation. WaterAid http://tr1.mp006.net/r5.aspx?GV1=ZOJH02J001YB0002EB0003EP700026XAE 112

www.greenspec.co.uk

www.capem.eu

Drinking Water
1

Drinking Water

• Bottled water is not sustainable (food miles) • Chilled bottled water is desired by staff but is not sustainable • Ambient filtered water is better and can be on tap • Chilled filtered water is desired by staff 115 and can be on tap

Zip Taps
• Not dissimilar to umbilical multi-supply taps behind bar in wine bars and pubs • These will dispense boiling water, cold water water and filtered chilled water • E sales@zipheaters.co.uk • T 0870 608 8888 • Zip Heaters UK Ltd. 14 Bertie Ward Way, Dereham, Norfolk NR19 1TE 116

Bottled Water 'Could Be Toxic'
• Toxic threat: Bottled water may contain potentially toxic substances, research warns • Potentially toxic substances found in plastic could be seeping into bottled water, new research shows. • S i Scientists i G i in Germany di discovered h d heavy metal traces l in 15 brands of bottled water from Canada and 48 from Europe. • They found "unambiguous'' evidence of the potentially toxic heavy metal Antimony (known as Sb) leaching into water from their containers. • The researchers, led by Professor William Shotyk of the University of Heidelberg, also looked at Sb levels in three German brands of water available in both 117 glass and plastic bottles.

Glass Bottles too
• The research, published in the Journal of Environmental Monitoring, also found evidence of some leaching of Sb from glass bottles into b ttl i t water. t • Contamination from PET bottles is probably "far greater'' than from glass • But the extent of Sb leaching from glass containers is unknown because the research only looked at three glass bottles compared to 48 brands of water in PET bottles. 119

Corn starch bioplastics
• Belu • Commercially Biodegradable bottle (closed hot vessel composting) ti ) • Social Sustainability: • Profits go to clean water projects world wide • www.belu.org • Looks like plastic ends up in plastic recycling • Now using glass

www.greenspec.co.uk

www.capem.eu

1

Cup & Utensil Cleaning
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TGR SBS Day 2 Handout

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Utensils, Cutlery and Crockery
• Small offices:
– use china/ceramic g p mugs and cups – clean them manually

Utensils, Cutlery and Crockery
• Intermediate offices:
– use paper cups and g g segregate waste

Plastic cup recycling
• There are nationwide drinks dispenser plastic Beca collection B ll ti services that comes with a special Beca bin • They produce recycled plastic stationery items

• Big offices:
– use plastic cups with special bins and a recycling service
125 29/12/2011 03:58 © NGS 2003-11 Greening up the Office 126

• Medium offices:
– clean them overnight with dishwasher, – using biodegradable cleaning liquids

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www.greenspec.co.uk

www.capem.eu

Food
1

Tea, Coffee & Chocolate
• Home grown tea and coffee, hot chocolate is not available • Fair-trade goods are more sustainable • but still there are food miles • Fair-trade coffee is good • Shade-Grown Fair© NGS trade2003-11 Greeningis the Office coffee up best

Food & Drink

• • • • •

Seasonal, Local, Fresh & Organic is best Not imported, frozen & chemical Support local farms & farmers markets Receive local food boxes Exotic fruit and vegetables are not sustainable (food miles) • Imported foodstuffs are not sustainable (food miles) • Sainsbury/Tesco is easy and cheap 130 • Fair trade is best of imported

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Fairtrade Foundation
• Fairtrade Fortnight • “increase consumer awareness of the Fairtrade Mark and encourage people up and down the country to purchase Fairtrade products”. • 2006 Theme ‘Make Fairtrade your habit’ • hundreds of new Fairtrade products available available, including clothing made from Fairtrade certified cotton. • huge range of products including bananas, chocolate, t-shirts and even footballs • www.fairtrade.org.uk www.fairtradefestival.co.uk • E mail@fairtrade.org.uk
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www.greenspec.co.uk

Fairtrade
• 1000 products • Coffee, Tea, Chocolate, Cocoa, Sugar, bananas, bananas fresh and dried fruit juices, fruit, juices honey, cakes and snacks, preserves, nuts, oils, herbs & spices, rice, beer, rum, wine, muesli

www.capem.eu

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Sanitaryware & Sinks
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TGR SBS Day 2 Handout

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www.greenspec.co.uk

www.greenspec.co.uk

Sanitaryware
• • • • • • • • • • Water saving Taps and Appliances Sanitaryware Female Issues & Services Office è h Offi crèche Hand Cleaning soap Cleaning Appliances Hot water supply & Insulation Showers Hand drying Toilet paper

SE England
• Water shortages, • drought over past 2 years

www.capem.eu

All Appliances
1

www.capem.eu

1

• Recent rains solves this years problems • Flooding causes pollution does not solve shortages • BRegs AD G failed to live up to requirements • Code for Sustainable Homes addresses water
135 29/12/2011 03:58 © NGS 2003-11 Greening up the Office 137

• All appliances and fittings on isolation/flow regulating valves • set low by default. • All water using appliances to be A++ rated for g pp water use. • All new as set out below, • Existing to be modified towards these • Fit water-escape protection
– Shuts valve after a period of mains water flow – Washing machines, mains water coolers
29/12/2011 03:58 © NGS 2003-11 Greening up the Office 138

Urinals
• In past:
– Automatic flush – 24 hours a day y – Fitted night time miser

Female Urinal (in cubicles)
• Promoted as faster turn around time than WC • Reduced need for toilet wipes and paper seat covers, etc. • Less gymnastics at WC or Squat WC • Back to urinal, tilt forwards, pee backwards • Some accuracy necessary or splash back • Ideal for festivals • But nobody specified them
139

• Now:
– Fit proximity detectors to flush after you leave – Waterless Urinals – Still need waste pipes for urine!

• Disappeared from market? No.

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Female Solutions
• P-mate Hand-held (outdoor use) • http://www.pmate.co.uk/ • The Whiz Hand held (outdoor use) Hand-held
• http://www.whizaway.com/?OVRAW=female%20urina l&OVKEY=female%20urinal&OVMTC=standard

Female Issues
• Sanitary Towels, Tampons, Liners • Avoid using the Sewers as a waste disposal route to block up the sewer filters or combined sewer overflows to rivers and dispose on the beaches • Collection services with dedicated bins • WEN Women’s Environment Network
– Offer a no-waste alternative
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• Lady P Fixed Urinal (indoor use)
• http://www.bunsehaustechnik.de/lady.htm
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– W

http://www.wen.org.uk

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TGR SBS Day 2 Handout

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Office Crèche
• • • • • • • Avoid Pampers etc., avoid landfill Avoid silica gel absorbent in core Use Natural cloth washable nappies Inner lining to remove solids to WC Use compostable nappies http://www.wen.org.uk http://www.naturalchild.co.uk/ShopHome/ind ex.html?target=dept_44.html • http://www.totsbots.com/reusable145 nappies.htm • Was:
– 9 litre flush

WC Flush
• Now:
– < or = 6 lit litres

WC Ideal
• All appliances and fittings on isolation/flow regulating valves • Dual and low flush cistern/toilet 4/2 5 4/2.5 litres flush. • Low capacity cistern means quicker refill, • Faster turn around, shorter queues • Unlikely

• Could be:
– dual flush 6/4 litre

• Better: (should be normal)
– 4/2.5 litre

• Best:
– 1 litre vacuum flush – Recycled rainwater flush water not potable
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Existing Buildings: WC
• Introduce isolation valve to pipework • Retrofit low water demand flushes to existing WC cistern • Retrofit water saving devices in existing cisterns.
– Save-a-flush – Hippo
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Save Money, Water & Environment
• UK water use increased by 70% since 1970 • Toilets: 90% of water use for an office • A device can be fitted to a siphon toilet (with handle on front), • saving average UK household 500 litres/week • If on a water meter, over £100/year • Interflush from Varyflush • www.interflush.co.uk.
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www.greenspec.co.uk

WC Cleaning
• • • •

www.capem.eu

1

Use a brush in preference to chemicals Use natural cleaning liquids if you must Use biological bacteria coated china Lives on the surface, that eats the skid marks and are not washed away

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www.greenspec.co.uk

Basins and Taps
• Fast wasteful taps aim into bowl • Slow flowing tap drips onto surfaces • Stop designing them so 25% of water ends up on work surface or floor • Sanitaryware by manufacturers work • Architect designed sanitaryware usually fails • FMs hate them

Tap cleaning

www.capem.eu

Percussion taps
1

• Dripping on surfaces, • Soap residues require cleaning • Cleaning requires chemicals or detergents • Avoid touching with soapy hands • Proximity taps avoid it all
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• Shut too fast to get to the water • Or too slow turning off • Or too fast turning off under high pressure, water hammer noise through building • No control over the flow rate • Jam on, Jam part way • Chrome damaged by soap, rings and keys in hands • Can be sprinkler • Put on isolation/flow regulator and set low by default

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www.greenspec.co.uk

Taps
• • • • • • •

www.capem.eu

Taps
1

Existing Buildings: Taps
• Retrofit water aerators/sprinklers on existing taps • Tap Magic • http://www.tapmagic.co.uk/ • Save 70% water and energy in hot water • Sprinkler and full flow or sprinkler only • Or replace existing with proximity taps with low flow and aerators 156

Slow flow to save water Proximity taps stop & start on their own Spray taps reduce water demand Aerators feel like lots of water Sinks and Baths want to be filled quickly avoid water cooling by aerator/sprinkler Two stage taps, slow flow and fast fill
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• Hot and cold water taps on isolation/flow regulator valve • 4 litres/minute maximum • proximity taps • aerators or spray heads • safe temperature blending • not pressurized • Pumped on circulating pipe if remote storage • Solar Thermal heating
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Sinks
• Hot and cold water taps • Need quick sink fill to avoid heat loss • And sprinkler/aerator low flow
– for hands face washing & teeth brushing

Catering kitchen sinks:
• Catering sinks want fast flow to fill • Avoid aerators on fast fill tap • Hand washing should be in separate bowl with two stage tap with aerator/sprinkler • All taps on isolation/flow regulator valve
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• Isolation valve and balancing system
– but regulating flow less important

• Elbow/level taps, easy on/off • Sinks fitted with two stage taps:
– sprinkler and full flow

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• Some wash dishes with running tap • Some café chains insist on running tap 24 hours 158 • 6 litre/minute maximum

Existing Buildings: Appliances and Sanitaryware
• Retrofit isolation/flow regulating valves on all taps and supply pipes • Set low by default

www.greenspec.co.uk

www.greenspec.co.uk

Cyclist Showers

www.capem.eu

1

Pipes & Insulation www.capem.eu
• Fully insulated hot and cold pipes along whole length
– – Inspections and sign off Inspect everywhere and confirm

1

• 8 litre/minute maximum low flow shower • Narrow spouts give pressure jet effect • Good spread of water jets impression of lots of water • good water head ideal • not power shower • Try to avoid retrofit of power-shower
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Use Tubular insulation
– Avoid wrapping insulation, labour intensive, it wont happen pp g , , pp – Fill whole void, its easier than wrapping pipes then its vital to well insulated

• • • •

If DHW is on a circulating pipe,

Avoid long dead legs Make efficient floor plans to keep plumbing compact Once buildings are well insulated hot water becomes major demand

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www.greenspec.co.uk

Existing buildings www.capem.eu
• Every plumber and electrician needs to carry insulation • Every time they open up a void y y p p • They should insulate the void before closing up • Or the opening up has to happen twice in order to insulate the voids of a building
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Services Repairs
1

Basins & Soap Recess
• Soap Recess don’t drain • Especially if Architect designed • Soap bar dissolves • Wasteful of soap

• British Gas Engineer’s on repairs and maintenance contracts • Required to insulate pipes close to insulated replacement cylinders
– But not beyond 1 meter

• They think pipe insulation is a waste of time
– They are very wrong

• And BG Engineers tell the public:
– ‘trust BG Engineers’ – ‘All other Engineers are cowboys’
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Hand cleaning soaps
• Bars of soap are messy • drying shrinkage cracks harbour bacteria • Use Biodegradable soaps • Liquid soaps destroy rain forests for oil plantations • 1 squirt is enough • Ideal: foaming dispenser avoid excess soap • • • • •

www.greenspec.co.uk

Hand Drying
Paper v fabric v hot air v air v Shake and backs of trousers

www.capem.eu

Hand Drying Towel
1

• Cleaned by service
– but carried out on a commercial scale

• Reused not wasted

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Hand drying paper towels
• Wasted • Unless segregated for recycling

Warm Air Hand dryers
• Don’t locate hot air blowers over radiators
– because radiators will rust away

Cold Air Hand dryers
• Wet hands in, proximity detection, withdraw hands slowly, • 400 mile/hour blast of air removes water • No heat added, just air and some residual heat from motor • 10 seconds compared with 27 to 40+ • 1900 watts to blast air • Mistaken for urinals 171

• Electrically warmed air
– Inefficiently created grid electricity

• 2000+ Watt inefficient hand dryers
– More efficient models coming

• Long wait to get dry
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– Impatience means hands not dried despite 170 expended heat

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TGR SBS Day 2 Handout

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www.greenspec.co.uk

www.greenspec.co.uk

www.capem.eu

Efficient cold air hand dryers
1

www.capem.eu

1

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• No heat added, residual heat from motor • Air driven through tight g p air feels g g gap warmer • Concentrated vortex downward air flow • Hot air rises and is drawn back in via concentric openings • Heated air recycled and cleaned • <600 watts 173

Toilet Paper

www.greenspec.co.uk

www.greenspec.co.uk

www.greenspec.co.uk

Toilet Paper
• • • •

www.capem.eu

Campaigns work
1

www.capem.eu

1

www.capem.eu

1

5 years ago 270,000 trees/day flushed down toilet Very little recycled paper available 23% compared to 88% in commercial/business paper • Only 21% FSC-certified sourced pulp
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• After a very brief campaign less than 5 years ago • Most toilet paper manufacturers now provide FSC certified paper • Or have recycled content paper • Or both • Choose it if you don’t already
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Office Equipment & Expendables
Computers, Paper, Furniture, Finishes

www.greenspec.co.uk

www.greenspec.co.uk

Office Expendables
• Ink cartridges • Printing paper • Reducing paper use
– Word processing and printing

Ink Cartridges
• Recycling of ink cartridges • Under public pressure manufacturers now offer recycling

www.capem.eu

Ink Cartridges
1

www.capem.eu

1

• Companies offer reuse by refilling • Sell at lower costs • Buy empties back

• Recycled Stationery Suppliers • Green Stationery
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www.greenspec.co.uk

www.greenspec.co.uk

All paper use

www.capem.eu

Paper
1

www.capem.eu

1

• In 2006 the UK used about 12.4 million tonnes of paper • of which only 32% was recycled • UK Businesses use 2 million tonnes of paper each year

• Use FSC (Forest Stewardship Council) accredited paper • Use recycled paper sponsoring WWF etc. • Use recycled paper • Post consumer recycled • FSC now covers Recycled
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Word Processing
• Work hard at fitting the last paragraph onto page one • Use Page Set up and Paragraph Settings to auto-fit in one page • Adjust margins to use more of the page • Specifications: too thick? • Reduce margins, reduce font and print double sided 188

Photocopying and printing
• Set printers and copiers to default: • double sided, 2 No. A4 reduced to A4 landscape • i.e. 4 pages to a sheet • Proof-read and spell-check on screen before printing, • test print before multiple printing,
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www.greenspec.co.uk

Saving Paper

www.capem.eu

Copiers
1

Green Office Supplies
• Government Approved suppliers and supplies list available • “Quick wins” Quick wins

• London-wide switch to duplex printing • could save 17.5 billion sheets of A4 paper every year! • That's enough paper to wrap around the earth four times!

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• Set default to print double sided 2 A4 side by side shrunk to fit A4 landscape i.e. 4 pages per A4 sheet • Save £Ks/annum • Set specific requirements per job

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Recycled Office Supplies
• www.remarkable.co.uk • Remarkable (Pencils) Ltd. The Remarkable Factory, Midland Road, Worcester, WR5 1DS T 01905 769 999 F 01905 769 300 • E sales@remarkable.co.uk • Recycled tyres: Mousemats, pencil cases, • Recycled plastics: Rulers, Pencils • Recycled paper: Books, Pads, Paper
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Green Stationery
• http://www.greenstat.co.uk/index.html • Studio One, 114 Walcot Street, Bath, UK, UK BA1 5BG T 01225 480 556 • F 01225 481 211 • E jay@greenstat.co.uk
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www.greenspec.co.uk

www.greenspec.co.uk

www.capem.eu

Performance
1

www.capem.eu

1

• www.firstimpressionslastlonger.com • Victory House, 89B Gloucester Rd, Croydon, Croydon CR0 2DN • T 0208 665 4080 • F 0208 665 4092 • E adam@yhcholdings.com
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• Carbon neutral environmentally responsibly printer cartridges and y stationary • offer very competitive prices and customer service, whilst cutting your carbon emissions and making your business as green as It can be. • visit your business and show you how to reduce your wastage and save you money

• 90% of our products are made in the UK • Support local UK manufacturing • 95% of the products we supply are recycled and we will help increase y p your recycling percentage y gp g • Our deliveries will arrive to you via our green fleet • in 100% recycled packaging • Our products cost less and have a longer life span • We won’t bombard you with heavy brochures • 12,000 customers • saved 28 tones in waste
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www.greenspec.co.uk

www.capem.eu

Sick Building Syndrome
1

Sick Building Syndrome:
• Avoid use of materials which are contributing factors: • Off-gassing from flooring, carpets, flooring carpets furniture, wall and ceiling decoration • IT problems • Illegal to smok in office 1st July 2007 • M Ventilation with recycling of germs
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Sick Building Syndrome
Furniture Fittings IT Equipment

• • • • • • • • • • •

VOCs from plastics Carpets and sheet flooring Plants and Humidity Paints d lacquers P i t and l Wall papers Furniture off gassing Binders in Library and Filing Ergonomics Monitors and printers and outlets Wireless computing Graphics department

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Indoor Air Quality
• We send a lot of time indoors
– Often the air inside is worse than outdoors

Defra Consultation
• OGC Office of Government Commerce (being superseded) • GPP Government Public Procurement: EU driven • UK standards being set higher
– But Nordic swan seen as too high – EU eco-label standard set but certificate not required – Mandatory for Central Government – Voluntary for Local Government

High plastic content flooring
• Vinyl (PVC) flooring • Static electricity build up • Carpet:
– Vinyl backed – Sheep's wool with nerve toxins from dipping (Woolmark included) – Petrol-chemical based carpet
206 207

• Off gassing from Carpets, paints and Off-gassing Carpets furniture
– High VOC finishes – Adhesives & Treatments

• Furniture Industry Consultation meeting
– 16 Nov 2009 – They want consistency across all requirements even if set high

• If you can smell new carpets or paint then there are problems

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• Public consultation on draft standards: complete • Manufacturers comfortable with low ambitions in some areas • Some reluctance to embrace all issues

www.greenspec.co.uk

www.greenspec.co.uk

Other Issues
• Sick Building Syndrome • Encourage the use of plants to condition air • Encourage use of water water, minimise static electricity • Discourage smoking (indoors) • Encourage fitness
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www.capem.eu

Paints and lacquers:
1

Office Furniture
• • • • • Chairs Tables Avoiding Plastics Reducing materials Avoiding Off gassing

www.capem.eu

1

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• Synthetic plastics and solvent based paints with high VOC (Volatile Organic content) • Avoid all synthetic paints • Avoid low VOC paints • Avoid Vinyl paints, • Avoid Vinyl wall paper • Avoid Solvent paints, • Plastics attract dust, need cleaning

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Plastics, PVC in particular
• Plastic laminate in furniture ( (formaldehyde) y ) • Formaldehyde in adhesives in timber based boards in furniture, MDF, Chipboard and Ply
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Library
• Binders many of PVC • Off-gassing to internal air • Pthylates

Office Filing
• Binders many of PVC • Off Off-gassing t i to internal air

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TGR SBS Day 2 Handout

29/12/2011 03:59

Ergonomics: Sitting at Monitors
• Avoid glare in monitors • Keep face 28 28” away from screen • Check ergonomics of table, chair and computer parts and user
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LCD Monitor
• Minimum radiation from front and back • Minimum heat generated • Need less room

Copiers
• Keep photocopiers away from people, in closed rooms, with ventilation • O3 Ozone generated • Take care with laser toner: Carcinogenic • Wash hands thoroughly after use • New breed of laser toner ground even smaller

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Rear of Computers
• Radiation from all ports that are not in use • Lead caps are available • Nobody uses them

SSO Switched Socket Outlets
• Radiation emanates if switched on with no plug in socket • Always switch them off if not in use

Infrared and Wireless Networks
• Stick to wires • Don’t go wireless • Avoid Radio or Infrared • Don’t irradiate your staff • Infrared Mouse too

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220

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Graphic Department
• • • • • • Solvents Past: CFC propellants Ozone Depletion Potential Alternatives available now Hazardous waste Not segregated yet
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Herman Miller Aeron Chair
1

www.capem.eu

Healthy & Green Furniture
Furniture Fittings IT Equipment

• 67% recycled parts • 100% recycled aluminium frame • (95% better than virgin: energy, materials, water and air) • Dematerialises conventional chair construction • Designed for disassembly • 10 year design life • Repairable • ISO labelled for recycling • Recyclable
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Plant Based Resin
• Phenix Biocomposite desk • Annually renewable, sustainable and recycled resource • Recycled paper, soy bean resin and colour additive • Feel of hardwood • 1.5 times strength of oak • Worked similarly to wood • 5 – 15% lighter than wood • Good moisture resistance • Formaldehyde-free • 70% less energy
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www.greenspec.co.uk

Office Reception
• • • • • Posh Show walls Venetian Polished Plaster Not local materials Not local Tradesmen Alternative: Rammed Earth?

Rammed Earth Walls
1

www.capem.eu

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• Abundant and Natural • Recipe can be determined on site • Thermal & Acoustic mass • Fire resistant • Load-bearing • Absorbs radiation, smells and moisture • Hygroscopic • any shape • many ingredients, colours & textures • Sculptural & Artistic opportunities • Waste disposal back to earth • Recyclable & Reusable • Needs temporary formwork

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www.greenspec.co.uk

www.greenspec.co.uk

www.capem.eu

Waste
1

www.capem.eu

Paper Towels
1

Office Waste
Stationery, Kitchens and Washrooms

• • • • • •

Paper towels Kitchen waste Printing and Plotting waste WEEE Regulations and electrical waste Batteries Computers when upgrading
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• Hand towels and toilet paper • Use FSC (Forest Stewardship Council) accredited paper • Use recycled paper sponsoring WWF etc. • Use recycled paper
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TGR SBS Day 2 Handout

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Recycled/Recyclable Paper towels
• Recycled content is good • Recycled content which is recyclable is better • All paper is recyclable but its about who is doing it. • Its also about segregation (or keeping it segregated and not adding to a single bin of mixed waste) • And its about finding a service that is taking back its own paper.
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Take back for recycling?
• paper towel manufacturers • who if any are taking back and recycling? • My suspicion is there wont be any. • White paper recyclers may have contacts with non white paper recycling.
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London Office Paper Recycling
• http://www.bioregional.com/news%20page/ne ws_stories/laundry/laundry_251104.htm • http://www.ethicalmedia.com/stories/laundry pressrelease/ • http://www.londonrecycling.co.uk/about/initiatives/laundry.php • http://www.wasteonline.org.uk/resources/info rmationsheets/officerecyclinginlondon.htm • http://www.londonremade.com/download_file 238 s/Recycling%20services.pdf

www.greenspec.co.uk

Manchester Office Paper Recycling
• http://www.emergemanchester.co.uk/comme rcial.htm • http://bury.ufindus.com/Recycling • http://www.gmwaste.co.uk/kerbside.asp • http://www.recycledir.com/Recycle2/ • http://www.paper.org.uk/recoveredsector/me mbers/region.asp?region=North%20West

Compostable?

www.capem.eu

Reusable Cloth is even better
1

• The Green/Blue paper towels may be compostable • Do planted internal planter suppliers offer composting opportunities?

• Cloth towel dispenser and washing service • but an environmental profile may be called for • landfill is no longer an acceptable option

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Waste Segregation
• Segregate waste at point of generation: • Multiple bins or multiple compartment • Segregate reusable and recyclables • from compostables, waste and composites
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Segregation: Recycleables
• Plastics: plastic bottles, yoghurt tubs • Cans: food and drink (remove lables) • Cardboard: Boxes • Paper: • Glass: Bottles and Jars
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Segregation: Compostables
• • • • • • • Vegetable and Fruit, skin and core Teabags, Eggshell, nut husks Flowers and Plants Not Plate scrapings Not animal produce or meat or fish Compost: in composters or wormaries, To feed planters and roof gardens
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TGR SBS Day 2 Handout

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Segregation: Waste
• • • • Plate scrapings Animal produce Poultry, Poultry meat or fish Composites difficult to separate

Plotter Waste
• How often does a plot sit there all day and the owner not turn up t collect it t to ll t • Probably sent it to a plotter on the wrong floor then another on the right floor
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Waste
• Segregate recyclable paper and cardboard • Segregate waste at point of generation • Provide dedicated bins labelled • don’t misuse them, • Manage paper: don’t misuse • Reuse waste photocopy scraps for drafts and notes

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Segregating Waste At Source

Two bins, one to segregate

A4 Scraps stored for reuse

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250

www.greenspec.co.uk

www.capem.eu

WEEE Regulations
1

Hazardous Waste: fluorescent

WEEE & Hazardous Waste
IT

• Waste Electronic and Electrical Equipment • Not permitted to Landfill 1st July 2007 • Toxic parts • Requires recycling of valuable component and materials • Reuse is often possible • Charities set up recycling companies

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TGR SBS Day 2 Handout

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www.greenspec.co.uk

Battery Recycling www.capem.eu

Batteries
1

Batteries
• Dead Camera batteries will still turn Walkman • Dead Walkman batteries will still turn clocks for years • Dead walkman batteries will run a radio for months • Dead batteries will light LED bike lamps

• http://www.moreeco.co.uk/news/batteryrecycling/ • 30,000 tonnes of portable batteries enter the UK market each year. year • New EU rules have come into force that require some stores selling batteries to provide in-store recycling bins. • Anyone selling more than 32kg a year – equivalent to one pack of four AA batteries a day – must comply as part of targets on cutting landfill 255

• Should be avoided if at all possible • Use more energy to create than they provide • T i in landfill Toxic i l dfill • Not being segregated • Most often a small proportion of the charge is used and then discarded
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Rechargeable Batteries
• If you have to use batteries • Use rechargeable • New types • 15 minute charge possible

Alkaline Battery 'Rechargers‘
• Rather than wasting batteries or going to the expense of buying a rechargeable, you can now 'recharge' normal batteries. • Each 'recharge' costs 1p per battery and they can be recharged to 95% of their original capacity for approx. 100 times. • This could save a host of batteries and their associated toxins ending up in landfill. • Cost will be £ 20.50 inc. VAT
258 29/12/2011 03:58 © NGS 2003-11 Greening up the Office • www.souvenir-cranwell.com/battery_regen.htm 259

LED lamps
• Red and green indicator lamps on computers • Now full colour range available • LED use very little energy • LED bike lamp batteries last for a very long time • Use LED in lighting display advertising & emergency signage 260

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Hazardous Waste: Batteries

Batteries
• Use rechargeable batteries • Use solar charged lights • Use solar recharged batteries

Refuse Room
• Segregate Waste, bag and label • Use Recycled plastic 2 and 4 wheel bins with lockable lids shaped holes lids, • Colour code, graphic, words and notice • Educational opportunity • Store waste for LA kerbside collection • Improve on LA waste strategy in readiness for improvement 263

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TGR SBS Day 2 Handout

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www.greenspec.co.uk

www.greenspec.co.uk

Recycle Now

www.capem.eu

1

www.capem.eu

Westminster Website
1

http://www.wrap.org.uk/downloads/Recycle_guidelines_v4-2.25040d04.pdf

• Waste Guide • the definitive guide
• http://www westminster gov uk/environment/r http://www.westminster.gov.uk/environment/r ubbishwasteandrecycling/rubbishandwaste/

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When you upgrade don’t dump
• WEEE regulations apply to IT and White goods • GreenWorks and GreenStandards and others will take your stuff, refurbish and resell or give to charity, p schools and hospitals • School in a box • NGS GreenSpec website
– Furniture Fittings Equipment & IT: APP FFEI – http://www.greenspec.co.uk/rtf/APP_FFEI_Furniture.rtf – Material Exchange Websites: APP MEW – http://www.greenspec.co.uk/rtf/APP_MEW_MExchWeb.rtf

PC Eco Label 2001/686/EC (AMD May 2004)
• CPU System Unit:
– 4 watts sleep – 2 watts off – Energy management by default • • • • • • • • • • • • •

IAMECO I am Eco
MicroPro PC manufacturer Ireland MicroPro X-PC Green PC aiming for 1st EcoLabelled PC MicroPro IAMECO PC Modular design, upgradeable for life Disassembly: 11 minutes 1 person Complies with: WEEE 2002/96/EC Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment RoHS 2002/95/EC Reduction of Hazardous Substances EuP 2005/32/EC Energy Use in Products Aiming for: Eco Label 2001/686/EC (AMD May 2004) Timber casing: beautiful object desirable to keep for ever

• Monitor:
– 2 watts sleep – 1 watt off – Shut down 30 minutes default setting

• Freecycle: www.freecycle.org

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• Modular design, upgradeable and dismountable • Noise: 4 dB(A) and 4.5 dB(A) accessing hard disk • Take back scheme

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TGR SBS Day 2 Handout

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www.greenspec.co.uk

Magazine
• A Greener Office (UK)
– Jane Marshall
• Feat e Edit Features Editor

www.capem.eu

Information Sources
1

– www.agreeneroffice.co.uk

• Sustainable FM

• Etheco • http://www.etheco.com • on line green equivalent of Which? on-line Magazine • Ethical Consumer Magazine • http://www.ethiscore.org/home.aspx • Good Shopping Guide
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• http://www.thegoodshoppingguide.co.uk/

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www.greenspec.co.uk

www.greenspec.co.uk

www.greenspec.co.uk

London Remade

www.capem.eu

Envirowise
1

www.capem.eu

1

www.capem.eu

1

• Mayors Green Procurement Code
– Business Recycling Campaign grown into – Business Greening Campaign – Carbon Reduction Commitment

• Many Publications
– Exchange for contact details

• Office Audits for free • Campaigns
– Officiency – Water

Greening your own Offi Office
ISO 14001, FM & MOBS, Sick Building Syndrome, Transport, IT, Food, Stationery, Paper, Office, Kitchen, WCs, DDA
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