Aries 19: The magic carpet

T h e w o r d m a g i c i s a d e r i va t i v e o f t he I n d o - E u r o p e a n ( I E ) r o o t m a gh - 1 w hi c h means “to be able to, to have power.” 1 Paronyms magic, include ma in , dismay, ma g u s , m a c hi n e , me c h a n i c , ma y ,

m e c h a n i s m , a n d m ig h t . T h e w o r d c a rp et i s a d e r i va t i v e o f t h e I E r o ot k e rp - w h i c h m e a n s “ t o ga t h e r , p l u c k, h a r v e s t . ” 2 I t s p a r on y m s i n c l u d e t h e s u f f i x – c a r p ( f r u i t , p a rt o f a f r u i t , f r u i t - l i k e s t r u c t u r e ), excerpt, and scarce. TH EMES : O n e t h e m e h e r e c on c e r n s t h e r e la t i on b e t w e e n p a r t s a n d w h o l e s , a n d b e t w e e n b i g g e r p a rt s a n d s m a l l e r p a r t s. S p e c i fi c a l l y, r e c a l l t h a t t h e o n e o f t h e p a r o n y m s o f c ar pet i s e x c e rp t w h i c h m e a n s “ a p a s sa g e or segment taken from a longer work, such as a literary or musical c o m p o s i t i o n , a d o cu m e n t , o r a f i l m” a n d “ t o se l e ct o r u s e a p a s s a g e or s e g m e n t f r o m a l on g e r w o r k . ” 3 O n e o f t h e p a r o n y m s o f ma gi c i s ma i n a n d a m o n g i t s d e f i n i t i o n s a r e “ m o st i mp o r t a n t ; p r i n ci p a l ” a n d “ t h e c hi e f o r largest p a rt . ” 4 W h i l e large and lo n g are s y n o n y ms , what’s more i m p o r t a n t t o re c o gn i z e i s t h a t a n e x ce r p t r e p r e s e n t s a s m a l l e r p a r t a n d t h e m a i n b o d y , t h e l a r g e r a n d m o r e i mp o r t a n t p a r t . A s e c o n d t h e m e c o n c e r n s AD EQUAC Y . R e c a l l t h a t t w o o f t h e p a r on y m s o f c a r pet a r e s ca rc e ( I n s u f f i c i e n t t o m e e t a d e m a n d o r r e q u i r e me n t ; s h o r t i n s u p p l y ) a n d s c a rc i t y ( i n s u f f i c i e n c y o f a m o u n t o r s u p p l y; s h o r t a g e ) . T h e p a ro n y m s o f ma gi c i n c l u d e m i gh t ( st r e n g t h o r a b i li t y t o d o s o m e t h i n g) a n d m i gh t y ( H a v i n g o r s h o w i n g g r e a t p o w e r, s k i l l, s t r e n g t h, o r f o r c e ) . O n e o f t h e s y n on y m s o f s c a rc i t y i s i n a d e q ua c y a n d

1 Watkins, C. (2000), The American Heritage Dictionary o f Indo European Roots, p. 50 2 Watkins, C. (2000), The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo European Roots, p. 41 3 http://education.yahoo.com/reference/dictionary/entry/excerpt 4 http://education.yahoo.com/reference/dictionary/entry/main Starling Hunter © 2011 1

o n e o f t h e s y n on y m s o f m i gh t i s a d e q u a c y ( t he q u a li t y o f b e i n g s u f f i ci e n t for the end in view). F i n a l l y , s e v e r a l p h r a s e s ca n b e c o n s t r u c t e d f r o m t h e k e y w o r d s a n d t h e i r p a r o n y m s. T he s e i n c l u d e :       m a c h in e s o r me c h a n i s m s u se d i n ha r ve s t in g o f f r u it d i s m a y o v e r a s c a r c e h a r v e st t h e m i s u se o f p o w e r o r m i g ht t o p l u c k ( i . e . u n d e r h a n d e d a c t i vi t y ) t h e fr u it s o f a n o t h e r ’ s l a b o r a g a t h e r i n g o f m i gh t y ma g i c i a n s m a c h in e - m a d e ca r p e t s a s c a r c it y o f m e c ha n i c s

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