Assignment of “ITC”

Date: 27/12/2011

HPC, named High Performance Computing, is mainly used for scientific research and industrial technology and high-performance computing systems. High-performance computing (HPC) is the use of parallel processing for running advanced application programs efficiently, reliably and quickly. The term applies especially to systems that function above a teraflop or 1012 floatingpoint operations per second. The term HPC is occasionally used as a synonym for supercomputing, although technically. A supercomputer is a system that performs at or near the currently highest operational rate for computers. Some supercomputers work at more than a pet flop or 1015 floating-point operations per second. The most common users of HPC systems are scientific researchers, engineers and academic institutions. Some government agencies, particularly the military, also rely on HPC for complex applications. High-performance systems often use custom-made components in addition to so-called commodity components. As demand for processing power and speed grows, HPC will likely interest businesses of all sizes, particularly for transaction processing and data warehouses. An occasional techno-fiends might use an HPC system to satisfy an exceptional desire for advanced technology. Some of “HPC” computer types are……..

What is a cluster?
A high performance computer appropriate for most small and medium-sized businesses today is built from what are basically many ordinary computers connected together with a network and centrally coordinated by some special software. Because the computers are usually physically very close together, the common term for a high performance computer today is a cluster, and when you call up your friendly IT geek you’ll be talking with them about helping you install a small cluster for your business.

Many different shapes and sizes of clusters.
When people talk about the size of an HPC cluster they are usually referring to how many processors, or how many cores, it has. Of course you know what a processor is already, but you may not be used to the term cores. From the beginning mainstream processors from companies like Intel had one “brain” in them. You may remember names like 386, 486, or Pentium — all of these processors had a bunch of circuits in them that all added up to make one processor, stuck in one socket on the motherboard in your computer. Today modern processors, even the ones you find in your laptop and on your desk, don’t just have one “brain” in them. As computer circuits have gotten smaller designers have figured out how to cram 2, 4, 6, or even 8 “brains” onto a single chip that plugs into one socket on your motherboard. It’s as if you had many processors all squeezed into one chip. In slightly more technical (and more accurate) terms, these “brains” are called cores, and multicore chips today are commonly quadcore (if they have 4 cores, as does Intel’s recent generation of Xeon chips), and six-core (as in AMD’s recent generation of Opteron chips). The number of cores that designers can fit onto a single chip is doubling about every 18 months, so these numbers will change fairly frequently.

Personal-sized clusters

One of the most convenient shapes for small clusters today is the desk side chassis. Desk side clusters come in a chassis that you can plug into the wall on your office and they are designed to sit on the floor next to your desk. The chassis can hold a relatively small number of computers that are on blades, trays, or in enclosures that slide into the chassis and bundle everything together. Desk side clusters from companies like HP, SGI, Cray, and others can hold up to a few hundred cores, a size that is likely to be entirely adequate for most small business needs.

Who uses computer clusters?
Historically, high-performance computers have been mostly used by supercomputing centers in well-funded universities to run the newest and most computationally-intensive software applications on earth. This is still a large market which continues to lead the way in technological innovation. But HPC today is not just for the nation's largest supercomputing facilities. With new advances in processing and clustering software technology, even an organization of modest size can afford and benefit from an HPC system of computer clusters. Many industries and academic disciplines - such as the life sciences, computer-aided engineering (CAE), computational finance, and computer-aided design (CAD), among others have been upgrading their basic PC or WS (workstation) resources into more efficient computer clusters.

“HPC” high performance computer hard ware is totally changed from simple computers…… as fellows:
“A “
 Motherboard: ASUS M2NPV-VM
 

graphics: nVIDIA GeForce 6150+nForce 430 Ethernet: gigE on board (login node has an extra gigE card)

 Processors: AMD Athlon 64 X2 DualCore EE 4200+ (2.2GHz) AM2 Socket L2=512KB  RAM: 4x1 GB PC5300 ECC DDR2 667MHz  Infiniband: PCI-Express (8x) Single Port 4X Infiniband HCA Card - MemFree

 Hard Drive: 250GB SATA II Hard Drive 7200RPM w/ 16MB Cache

Login node: 2 x 500GB SATA II Hard Drive 7200RPM w/ 16MB Cach…..

     

two AMD 2.6GHz Dual-Core Opteron CPU's 8 GBs of RAM 750 GB SATA hard disk two NVIDIA Quadro FX 5600 Graphics cards Infiniband Dual Port HCA card Each Quadro FX 5600 card has 1.5GBs of onboard, high-speed memory and is capable of 330 peak Gflops

Name: - Syed Inayat Ullah Shah

Cms id: - 19502
Department: - Cs 1st semester

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful