SFL/METU Dept. of B. E. ELEMENTARY GROUP SPAN 3 - WEEK 1 EXTRA LANGUAGE PRACTICE PRACTICE I.

Fill in the gaps with ONE word only. An Indefinable Quality Most people will recognise the man in this photograph. He is, of course, Bill Clinton, ex-President of the United States. Bill Clinton is a very popular speech giver and regularly gives talks all over-the world, to many different audiences. He is very effective at giving talks (1) __________ he has a special quality which we call 'charisma'. Nowadays, psychologists are becoming very interested in charisma and want to redefine its meaning. People often misunderstand what charisma is and think of it as a kind of fame, but it is not the same as fame. Charisma is a kind of magic and is relatively rare. A well-known American psychologist thinks that charismatic people (2) __________ basically brilliant communicators. However, they have other qualities such (3) __________ sensitivity, self- confidence, eloquence and vision. Charismatic personalities are (4) __________ to draw people to them, and people feel happy in their company. There is a sense of 'togetherness' when a charismatic person is with other people. A good example of this ability, some say, (5) __________ the famous American, Oprah Winfrey. She is a highly-successful businesswoman and is probably best known as the presenter of a very popular talk show. Oprah is able to relate to audiences at her shows, and they respond well to her. Her charismatic personality has made her one (6) __________ the richest women in the world. She owns several houses and publishes her own magazines. She (7) __________ presenting a new series of the Oprah Winfrey show. She also runs a book club, which influences the nation's reading habits and may be one of the reasons (8) __________ people are reading more these days, in the USA. A woman who had extraordinary charisma was the film star, Marilyn Monroe. A beautiful woman and a talented but underrated actress, she was always the centre of attention wherever she went. She (9) __________ an exbaseball player, Joe DiMaggio, and later a famous writer, Arthur Miller. Marilyn Monroe's charisma was so great that DiMaggio was overshadowed by her. As he put it so well, 'It's no fun being married to an electric light.' Unlike fame, charisma (10) __________ fade and disappear over time. Even now, nearly fifty years after her death, when young people see Monroe in her films, her charisma seems as fresh and powerful as ever. Answers: 1. because 7. is 2. are 8. why 3. as 9. married 4. able 10. doesn't 5. is 6. of

/ Jung's influence on our society and culture has been enormous. introverts are introspective. It is easy for (4) __________ to form close relationships. He (1) __________ medicine at the University of Basel from 1894 to 1900. His ideas have influenced writers as well as film-makers (9) __________ Fellini and Kubrick. 9. They often have creative ideas. adventurous and sociable. They are relaxed. Jung developed ideas about personality types which still interest and influence people today. 4. self-confident. in the surrounding world. and (5) __________ often leaders in groups. Answers 1. . 5. There is still great interest in his theories on the interpretations of dreams. Analyse the useful language box. Jung's ideas have even influenced video games and rock music groups.PRACTICE II. Extroverts seem to like other people. They enjoy the excitement of crowds. they are talkative. Useful Language To have an influence on sth: Carl Jung (1875-1961) was a Swiss psychiatrist who had a lasting influence on psychology and society. 8. 3. CARL JUNG (VERSION 1) Carl Jung (1875-1961) was a Swiss psychiatrist who had a lasting influence on psychology and society. 6. Two well-known tests (Myers-Briggs and David Keirsey) are based on his theory of personality types. extroverts find meaning outside themselves. According to Jung. He identified two personality types (2) __________ he called introverts and extroverts. Fill in the gaps with ONE word only. 2. feel comfortable alone. Introverts. Jung's influence on our society and culture has (8) __________ enormous. They avoid large crowds. thoughtful and reflect (6) __________ they act. They tend to be assertive. studied which/that They them are before have been like as well as sth/so: His ideas have influenced writers as well as film-makers. They are often quiet. cautious and (7) __________ good powers of concentration. specialising in psychiatric medicine. (3) __________ look into themselves and find meaning in themselves. They are energetic and lead busy lives. In general. To be based on sth: Two well-known tests (Myers-Briggs and David Keirsey) are based on his theory of personality types. Check with the answer key. However. on the other hand. 7.

They avoid large crowds. self-confident. 7. Jung's ideas have even influenced video games and rock music groups. Introverts. In general. 8. He identified two personality types which he called introverts and extroverts. To tend to do sth: They tend to be assertive. Jung's influence on our society and culture has been enormous. 3. specialising in psychiatric medicine. His ideas have influenced writers as (8) __________ as film-makers like Fellini and Kubrick. 4. (1) __________ studied medicine at the University of Basel from 1894 to 1900. To be adjective for somebody to do sth: It is easy for the extroverts to form close relationships. Fill in the gaps with ONE word only. They are often quiet. He which/that in to on are on well Useful Language To seem to do sth: Extroverts seem to like other people. (3) __________ the surrounding world.PRACTICE III. Analyse the useful language box. self-confident. they are talkative. CARL JUNG (VERSION 2) Carl Jung (1875-1961) was a Swiss psychiatrist who had a lasting influence on psychology and society. They look into themselves and find meaning in themselves. They enjoy the excitement of crowds. 2. Answers: 1. It is easy for them (4) __________ form close relationships. They (6) __________ relaxed. 5. 6. extroverts find meaning outside themselves. and are often leaders in groups. introverts are introspective. . cautious and have good powers of concentration. They often have creative ideas. Two well-known tests (Myers-Briggs and David Keirsey) are based (7) __________ his theory of personality types. They tend to be assertive. There is still great interest in his theories on the interpretations of dreams. 5) __________ the other hand. feel comfortable alone. Check with the answer key. However. According to Jung. adventurous and sociable. Jung developed ideas about personality types (2) __________ still interest and influence people today. They are energetic and lead busy lives. Extroverts seem to like other people. and are often leaders in groups. thoughtful and reflect before they act.

and are often leaders in groups. specialising in psychiatric medicine. they are talkative. Two well-known tests (Myers-Briggs and David Keirsey) are based on his theory of personality types. His ideas have influenced writers as well as film-makers like Fellini and Kubrick. They avoid large crowds. 8. 2. . adventurous and sociable. They are energetic and lead busy lives. There is still great interest (9) __________ his theories on the interpretations of dreams. cautious and have good powers of concentration. Useful Language To specialise in sth: Carl Jung studied medicine at the University of Basel from 1894 to 1900. He studied medicine at the University of Basel (2) __________ 1894 to 1900. feel comfortable alone.PRACTICE IV. specialising in psychiatric medicine. Introverts. However. They look into themselves and find meaning in themselves. They are relaxed. introverts are introspective. self-confident. Check with the answer key. It is easy for them to form close relationships. 6. According (3) __________ Jung. Fill in the gaps with ONE word only. Extroverts seem (4) __________ like other people. on the (6) __________ hand. 3. Jung's influence (8) __________ our society and culture has been enormous. Jung developed ideas about personality types which still interest and influence people today. thoughtful and reflect before (7) __________ act. 5. Jung's ideas have even influenced video games and rock music groups. Analyse the useful language box. In general. They are often quiet. 7. in the surrounding world. They often have creative ideas. 9. He identified two personality types which he called introverts and extroverts. Answers 1. 4. CARL JUNG (VERSION 3) Carl Jung (1875-1961) was a Swiss psychiatrist who had a lasting influence on psychology (1) __________ society. They enjoy the excitement of crowds. They tend to (5) __________ assertive. extroverts find meaning outside themselves. and from to to be other they on in To develop ideas about sth: Jung developed ideas about personality types which still interest and influence people today.

by children in the car. Useful Language Reason(s) why sth happens: There are a number of reasons why a woman's personality makes her a more competent driver. 2. 11. (9) __________ contrast. 4. In particular. they are easily distracted. for example.PRACTICE V. 10. 8. women have accidents when parking. Answers Answers: 1. Thirdly. There are certainly different views on this controversial question. In stressful situations. they are more responsible. Secondly. This is supported by the fact that women have fewer accidents in general and pay lower insurance premiums than men. others think that women make worse drivers. Firstly. This is because women often have poor spatial awareness. and less likely to be involved in road rage incidents. It comes from a time when women drove less (2) __________ men. and can have problems with the difference between left and right. Despite the fact that women have more accidents. women are more patient and polite towards other road users. insurance (8) __________ often cheaper for them because the accidents tend to be minor. it can be seen that women make safer drivers (10) __________ men because of their personality. 5. However. is than as fewer to other more is In than less After doing sth: They are more responsible so they tend not to drive after drinking alcohol. Analyse the useful language box. Check with the answer key. although there are a number of reasons why a woman's personality makes her a more competent driver. such (3) __________ pedestrians and cyclists. 7. Fill in the gaps with ONE word only. and driving was seen as a man's responsibility. . To sum up. On the (6) __________ hand. 6. Research also shows that women find map reading (7) __________ difficult than men. men tend to have more serious accidents. 9. 3. they are more likely to stay calm. many people argue that women cause accidents because they can be indecisive or react slowly because they lack confidence. so they tend not (5) __________ drive when tired or after drinking alcohol. ARE WOMEN BETTER DRIVERS (VERSION 1) Are women better drivers than men? Some people believe that women are better drivers than men. for instance when overtaking. female drivers are more cautious and therefore take (4) __________ risks. In addition. On balance. it is clear that women are (11) __________ competitive and aggressive than men behind the wheel and therefore better drivers. The idea that women make worse drivers (1) __________ a stereotype.

women are (4) __________ patient and polite towards other road users. In addition. 4. so they tend not to drive when tired or (6) __________ drinking alcohol. 7. and (5) __________ likely to be involved in road rage incidents. such as pedestrians and cyclists. In stressful situations. female drivers are more cautious and therefore take fewer risks. In contrast. it is clear that women are less competitive and aggressive than men behind the wheel and therefore better drivers. others think that women make worse drivers. To sum up. and driving was seen as a man's responsibility. There are certainly different views on this controversial question. Useful Language . it can be seen that women make safer drivers than men because (10) __________ their personality. This is because women often have poor spatial awareness. 3. they are more likely to stay calm. for instance when overtaking. Research also shows that women find map reading more difficult (8) __________ men. Thirdly. they are more responsible. by children in the car. Fill in the gaps with ONE word only. 6. To be involved in (doing) sth: Women are less likely to be involved in road rage' incidents. insurance is often cheaper for them because the accidents tend to be minor. they are easily distracted. 5.PRACTICE VI. for example. Firstly. However. Check with the answer key. ARE WOMEN BETTER DRIVERS (VERSION 2) Are women better drivers than men? Some people believe that women are (1) __________ drivers than men. (2) __________ comes from a time when women drove less than men. This is supported by the fact that women have fewer accidents in general and pay lower insurance premiums than men. (9) __________ tend to have more serious accidents. many people argue that women cause accidents because they can be indecisive or react slowly because they lack confidence. On balance. and can have problems with the difference between left and right. The idea that women make worse drivers is a stereotype. Secondly. women have accidents when parking. Analyse the useful language box. although there are a number of reasons (3) __________ a woman's personality makes her a more competent driver. (7) __________ the other hand. 2. Despite the fact that women have more accidents. 9. 8. 10. better It / This why more less after / while On than men of To have problems with sth: Women can have problems with the difference between left and right. In particular. Answers Answers: 1.

PRACTICE VII. 9. and less likely to be involved (4) __________ road rage incidents. 5. This is because women often have poor spatial awareness. On the other (6) __________. There are certainly different views on this controversial question. 8. Firstly. Research also shows that women find map reading more difficult than men. Secondly. it can be seen that women make safer drivers than men because of their personality. women are more patient and polite towards other road users. and can have problems (8) __________ the difference between left and right. In (9) __________. 3. so they tend not to drive when tired or after drinking alcohol. 4. It comes from a time when women drove less than men. it is clear that women are less competitive and aggressive than men behind the wheel and therefore better drivers. To (10) __________ up. others think that women make worse drivers. In stressful situations. by children in the car. Thirdly. In particular. Check with the answer key. they are easily distracted. although there are a number of (2) __________ why a woman's personality makes her a more competent driver. (1) __________. women have accidents when parking. men tend to have more serious accidents. they are more likely to stay calm. (3) __________ as pedestrians and cyclists. 7. (5) __________ instance when overtaking. insurance is often cheaper for them because the accidents tend to be minor. Useful Language . ARE WOMEN BETTER DRIVERS (VERSION 3) Are women better drivers than men? Some people believe that women are better drivers than men. female drivers are more cautious and therefore take fewer risks. Fill in the gaps with ONE word only. 2. The idea that women make worse drivers is a stereotype. Answers Answers: 1. they are more responsible. 6. for example. many people argue that women cause accidents because they can be indecisive or react slowly because they lack confidence. Despite the fact that women have more accidents. and driving was seen as a man's responsibility. (7) __________ addition. However reasons such in for hand In with contrast sum Find sth difficult / easy: Research also shows that women find map reading more difficult than men To take risks: Female drivers are more cautious and therefore take fewer risks. On balance. Analyse the useful language box. 10. This is supported by the fact that women have fewer accidents in general and pay lower insurance premiums than men.