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NC Update

Subject: NC Update
From: myaylattha@aol.com
Date: Sat, 04 Aug 2007 03:53:05 -0400
To: suriya1@loxinfo.co.th, zinlinn@cscoms.com
CC: zewazo@binamojo.org, zewazo@gmail.com, mankoban@csloxinfo.com, kkhunsaing@gmail.com,
myintsoe001@gmail.com, nldmyint@loxinfo.co.th, nldlahq@csloxinfo.com, sanhlainglay@yahoo.com,
htay_aung2004@yahoo.com, suweihning@yahoo.com, peace@loxinfo.co.th, minmyatkyaw@yahoo.com,
khtet88@yahoo.com, hninse05@yahoo.com, utoo@ksc.th.com, aunghtoo@csloxinfo.com,
dawsansanmp@yahoo.com, thhtun@attglobal.net

2007 ckESpf/ =o*kwfv (1)&ufae@wGif &efukefwdkif;/ arSmfbD+rdK@e,f/ anmifESpfyifpcef;&Sd jynfaxmifpk cef;rY usif;ycJhonfh
trsdK;om;nDvmcHpHknDtpnf;ta0;rS EdkifiHawmfzGJ@pnf;yHktajccHOya'a&;qGJ&mwGif yg0if rnfh
“aa&;G aumuw f iaf jrm‡ ujf ci;f ”tcef;/ “EEikd if aH &;ygwrD sm;”tcef;ESifh “t ta&;ay:umvqikd &f mjyÏme;f csuf rsm;”tcef; wdk@twGuf
tao;pdwftajccH&rnfhrlrsm;csrSwfcJh+yD;/ =o*kwfv (3)&ufae@wGif “zz@JG pn;f yt kH ajccH Oya'jyiq f ijf ci;f ”tcef;/ “EEikd if aH wmt f v/H
txrd ;f trwS wf q
H yd /f ocD si;f EiS hf +rKd @awmf”tcef; wdk@twGuf tao;pdwftajccH&rnfhrlrsm; csrSwfcJh&m
atmufwGifazmfjyxm;onfhtwdkif;jzpfonf?
odk@jzpfI owfrSwfxm;onfh tcef;acgif;pOf(15)ckteuf ,cktcg tcef;acgif;pOf(13)cktwGuf
tao;pdwftajccH&rnfhrlrsm; csrSwfcJh+yD;jzpfojzifh tao;pdwftajccH&rnfhrlrsm; csrSwf&ef “u u;l ajymi;f a&;
umvjyÏme;f csurf sm;”tcef;ESifh “ttaxaG xjG yÏme;f csurf sm;”tcef;/ tcef;acgif;pOf(2)cktwGufom tao;
pdwftajccH&rnfhrlrsm;csrSwf&ef usef&Sdawmhonf?

(9) “a&G;aumufwifajr‡mufjcif;tcef;”
"Election"

tao;pdwf tajccH&rnfhrlrsm;? (Detailed basic principles for the chapter.)

1? v$wfawmfrsm;odk@ jynfol@udk,fpm;vS,frsm;udk a&G;aumufwifajr‡muf&mwGif ² ² ²


(u) a&G;aumufyGJpwifusif;yonfhae@&ufY touf(18)ESpfjynfhI Oya't& t&nftcsif;ysuf,Gif;
olr[kwfonfhtjyif qENrJay;ydkifcGifh&Sdaom EdkifiHom;ESifh Oya't& qENrJay;cGifh&Sdolwdkif;onf qENrJ ay;ydkifcGifh&Sdonf?
(c) qENrJay;ydkifcGifh&Sdaom EdkifiHom;ESifh Oya't& qENrJay;cGifh&Sdolwdkif;onf a&G;aumufyGJwpf&yfY
rJqENe,fwpfe,fwGif v$wfawmfwpf&yfpDtwGuf qENrJwpfrJom ay;ydkifcGifh&Sdonf?
(*) xdk@tjyif zGJ@pnf;yHktajccHOya'yg jyÏmef;csufrsm;ESifhtnD qENrJay;ydkifcGifh&Sdaom oufqdkif&m wdkif;&if;om;rsm;onf
rdrdwdk@. wdkif;a'o}uD; odk@r[kwf jynfe,fv$wfawmftwGuf wdkif;&if;om; vlrsdK; v$wfawmfukd,fpm;vS,frsm;
a&G;aumufwifajr‡muf&mwGifvnf; qENrJay;ydkifcGifh&o Sd nf?
(C) v#dK@0SufqENrJay;jcif;pepfudk usifhoHk;&rnf?

1. In electing members to Hluttaw -


(a) Every citizen who has attained 18 years of age on the date on which elections commence, who is
not disqualified by law, who is eligible to vote, and who has the right to vote under the law, shall have
the right to vote.
(b) Every citizen who is eligible to vote and who has the right to vote by the law shall cast only a vote
for each Hluttaw at a constituency.
(c) In addition, people of national races concerned who are eligible to vote in accord with the
provisions of the State Constitution shall have the right to vote in electing representatives of national
races to the Region of State Hluttaw concerned.
(d) Ballot shall be exercised.

2? atmufygyk*~dKvfrsm;onf qENrJay;ydkifcGifh r&Sdap& ² ² ²


(u) omoemh0efxrf;rsm;/
(c) axmif'%fuscHae&olrsm;/

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NC Update

(*) pdwfayghoGyfaeonf[k oufqdkif&mOya'u jyÏmef;xm;onfhtwdkif; owfrSwfjcif;cH&olrsm;/


(C) vlrGJtjzpf qHk;jzwfa=unmcHxm;&jcif;rS vGwfajrmufcGifhr&ao;olrsm;/
(i) a&G;aumufwifajr‡mufjcif;qdkif&m Oya't& wm;jrpfjcif;cH&olrsm;?

2. The following persons shall have no right to vote -


(a) members of the Religious Order;
(b) persons serving prison terms;
(c) persons adjudged to be of unsound mind as provided for in the relevant law;
(d) persons who have not yet been cleared from being declared destitute; and
(e) persons who are banned from voting under the election law.

3? v$wfawmfudk,fpm;vS,favmif; wpfOD;onf a&G;aumufyGJwpf&yfwGif ² ² ²


(u) v$wfawmfwpf&yftwGufom a&G;aumufwifajr‡mufcHydkifcGifh &Sdonf/
(c) rJqENe,fwpfe,fwGifom a&G;aumufwifajr‡mufcH&ef ,SOf+ydKifcGifh&Sdonf?

3. At an election, a candidate -
(a) shall be elected to a Hluttaw only.
(b) shall stand for election at one constituency only.

4? (u) jynfaxmifpke,fajr odk@r[kwf jynfaxmifpkv$wfawmfu Oya'jyÏmef;I owfrSwfxm;aom


jynfaxmifpke,fajrrsm;twGif; rSDwif;aexdkif=uaom rJqEN&Sifrsm;onf jynfol@v$wfawmfESifh trsdK; om;v$wfawmf
udk,fpm;vS,frsm;udkom a&G;aumufwifajr‡mufcGifh&Sdonf?
(c) jynfaxmifpkv$wfawmfu Oya'jyÏmef;I jynfaxmifpke,fajrtjzpf owfrSwfvdkufaom e,f ajrwpfckcrk S
a&G;aumufwifajr‡mufxm;onfh wdkif;a'o}uD; odk@r[kwf jynfe,f v$wfawmfukd,fpm; vS,fonf Oya'wGif
oD;jcm;cGifhjyKxm;jcif;r&Sdv#if ,if;v$wfawmfudk,fpm;vS,ftjzpf qufvuf&yf wnfydkifcGifhr&Sdap&?

4. (a) Electorate residing in the Union territories, or the Union territories designated by the Pyidaungsu
Hluttaw under the law, shall elect members of the Pyithu Hluttaw and the Amyotha Hluttaw only.
(b) Save as otherwise prescribed by the Constitution, a Region or State Hluttaw member elected in a
constituency that the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw has designated as a Union territory shall no longer stand as
a Hluttaw member.

5? TzGJ@pnf;yHktajccHOya'yg jyÏmef;csufrsm;t&aomfvnf;aumif;/ a&G;aumufwifajr‡mufjcif;qdkif&m Oya' yg


jyÏmef;csufrsm;t&aomfvnf;aumif;/ t&nftcsif; ysuf,Gif;ol r[kwfygu EdkifiHom;wdkif;onf v$wf awmfwpf&yf&yfodk@
a&G;aumufwifajr‡mufcHydkifcGifh&Sdonf?

5. Every citizen who is not disqualified by the provisions of this Constitution and the provisions of the law
regulating elections shall have the right to stand for election to a Hluttaw.

6? (u) v$wfawmfudk,fpm;vS,fwpfOD;udk atmufygta=umif;wpf&yf&yfa=umifh wm0efrS jyefvnf&kyf odrf;cGifh&Sdonf ² ² ²


(1) EdkifiHawmf. aus;Zl;opPmawmfudk azmufzsufjcif;/
(2) zGJ@pnf;yHktajccHOya'yg jyÏmef;csufwpf&yf&yfudk azmufzsufusL;vGefjcif;/
(3) tusifhoduQmysufjym;jcif;/
(4) zGJ@pnf;yHktajccHOya'wGif owfrSwfxm;onfh oufqdkif&mv$wfawmfudk,fpm;vS,f. t&nftcsif;
ysuf,Gif;jcif;/
(5) ay;tyfaomwm0ef0wW&m;rsm;udk ausyGefpGm rxrf;aqmifjcif;/
(c) oufqdkif&mrJqENe,f. rlvrJqEN&Sifrsm;teuf tenf;qHk; wpf&mcdkifE_ef;wdk@u wm0efrSjyef vnf&kyfodrf;vdkaom
v$wfawmfudk,fpm;vS,fESifh ywfoufonfh wdkifwef;csufudk jynfaxmifpka&G; aumufyGJaumfr&SifxH wifjy&rnf/
(*) jynfaxmifpka&G;aumufyGJaumfr&Sifu Oya'ESifhtnD pHkprf;ppfaq;&rnf/
(C) pGyfpGJcsufudk pHkprf;ppfaq;onfhtcg oufqdkif&m v$wfawmfudk,fpm;vS,fudk,fwdkif aomfvnf; aumif;/
udk,fpm;vS,fjzifhaomfvnf;aumif; acsycGifhay;&rnf/
(i) jynfaxmifpka&G;aumufyGJaumfr&Sifu xdkpGyfpGJcsufonf rSefuef+yD; pGyfpGJcH&olonf v$wfawmf udk,fpm;vS,ftjzpf

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NC Update

qufvufxrf;&Gufap&efroifha=umif; oabm&&Sdv#if jynfaxmifpka&G;aumuf yGJaumfr&Sifonf


Oya'ESifhtnDaqmif&Guf&rnf?

6. (a) A Hluttaw member may be recalled for any of the following reasons -
(1) treason;
(2) violation of any provision of the Constitution;
(3) misbehaviour;
(4) lack of qualifications prescribed in the Constitution for a Hluttaw member;
(5) inefficient discharge of duties.
(b) Complaint about the Hluttaw member endorsed by at least one percent of initial number of the
voters of the constituency concerned shall be submitted to the Union Election Commission.
(c) Union Election Commission shall conduct investigation into the case in accord with the law.
(d) While the case is under investigation, the Hluttaw member concerned shall have the right to rebut
the accusation in person or through a representative.
(e) The Union Election Commission shall, finding the accusation true and considering the Hluttaw
member should no longer carry out duties, take action in accord with the law.

7? jynfaxmifpkv$wfawmfonf a&G;aumufwifajr‡mufjcif;qdkif&mudpPrsm;ESifh pyfvsOf;Ivnf;aumif;/ wm0ef


rSjyefvnf&kyfodrf;jcif;qdkif&mudpPrsm;ESifh pyfvsO;f Ivnf;aumif; vdktyfaom Oya'rsm;udk jyÏmef;&rnf?

7. The Union Hluttaw shall prescribe necessary laws on election and recall.

8? (u) EdkifiHawmforRwonf jynfaxmifpka&G;aumufyGJaumfr&Sifwpf&yfudk zGJ@pnf;&rnf? ,if;odk@


zGJ@pnf;&mwGif zGJ@pnf;yHktajccHOya'yg jynfaxmifpk0ef}uD;cef@xm;jcif;ESifh pyfvsOf;onfh jyÏmef;csuf
rsm;ESifhtnD jynfaxmifpka&G;aumufyGJaumfr&Sif OuUÏ tygt0if tzGJ@0iftenf;qHk;(5)OD;udk cef@tyf
wm0efay;Edkifonf?
(c) jynfaxmifpka&G;aumufyGJaumfr&Sif OuUÏ ESifh tzGJ@0ifrsm;onf ² ² ²
(1) touf(50)ESpfjynfh+yD;ol jzpf&rnf?
(2) toufuef@owfcsufrSty jynfol@v$wfawmfuk, d fpm;vS,frsm;twGuf owfrSwfxm; onfh
t&nftcsif;rsm;ESifh jynfhpHkoljzpf&rnf?
(3) (uu) jynfaxmifpkw&m;ol}uD;csKyf odk@r[kwf jynfaxmifpkw&m;v$wfawmfcsKyf
w&m;ol}uD;tjzpfjzpfap/ wdkif;a'o}uD; odk@r[kwf jynfe,f w&m;v$wfawmf
w&m;ol}uD;tjzpfjzpfap/ tvm;wl&mxl;wm0efwpfckckwGifjzpfap tenf;qHk; (5) ESpf
aqmif&GufcJholjzpf&rnf?
odk@r[kwf
(cc) wdkif;a'o}uD; odk@r[kwf jynfe,ftqifx h uf redrfhaom w&m;a&;0efxrf; odk@r[kwf
Oya'0efxrf;&mxl;wGif tenf;qHk;(10)ESpf wm0efxrf;aqmifcJholjzpf& rnf?
odk@r[kwf
(**) w&m;v$wfawmfa&S@ae (Advocate) tjzpf tenf;qHk;(20)ESpf tr_vdkufyg
aqmif&GufcJholjzpf&rnf?
odk@r[kwf
(CC) xifay:ausmf=um;onfh *k%fowif;&Sdaom yk*~dKvftjzpf EdkifiHawmforRw u
,lqoljzpf&rnf?
(4) oduQmorm"dESifhjynfhpHk+yD; tawG@t}uHK&ifhusufoljzpf&rnf?
(5) jynfol@v$wfawmfudk,fpm;vS,ftjzpf a&G;aumufwifajr‡mufcHydkifcGifh r&Sdapaom jyÏmef;csufrsm;ESifhvnf;
oufqdkifap&rnf?
(6) EdkifiHawmfESifh EdkifiHom;rsm;tay: opPm&Sdoljzpf&rnf?
(7) EdkifiHa&;ygwD0ifr[kwfol jzpf&rnf?
(8) v$wfawmfudk,fpm;vS,fr[kwfol jzpf&rnf?
(9) vpm/ p&dwf/ a=u;aiG&aom tjcm;rnfonfh&mxl;udkr# vufcHjcif;rjyKol jzpf&rnf?

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NC Update

8. (a) The President shall form a Union Hluttaw Election Commission. In the process, he may appoint at
least five members including the chairman of the Union Election Commission in accord with the
provisions on appointment of Union minister stated in the Constitution.
(b) The chairman and members of the Union Hluttaw Election Commission shall be the ones who -
(1) have attained 50 years of age.
(2) meet, except age limit, requirements set for Pyithu Hluttaw members.
(3) (aa) have served in the post of Chief Justice or Supreme Court Justice; Region or State
High Court judge or in a position equivalent to the post of Region or State High
Court judge at least five years; (or)
(bb) have served in the post of judicial officer or law officer that is not lower than
Region or State level for at least 10 years; (or)
(cc) have practised law as the advocate for at least 20 years; (or)
(dd) are deemed to be eminent persons by the President.
(4) are well-experienced with good characters.
(5) comply with provisions, with which they have no right to stand for election as Pyithu
Hluttaw members.
(6) are loyal to the State and the people.
(7) are not members of a political party.
(8) are not Hluttaw members.
(9) do not accept any other positions from which they can enjoy salaries and allowances.

9? jynfaxmifpka&G;aumufyGJaumfr&Sif. wm0efrsm;rSm atmufygtwdkif;jzpfonf ² ² ²


(u) v$wfawmfa&G;aumufyGJrsm; usif;yjcif;/
(c) v$wfawmfa&G;aumufyGJrsm;udk }uD;=uyfjcif;/ aumfr&SiftzGJ@cGJtqifhqifhudk zGJ@pnf;jcif;/ }uD;=uyf apjcif;/
(*) rJqENe,frsm; owfrSwfjcif;/ jyifqifjcif;/
(C) rJpm&if;rsm; jyKpkjcif;/ jyifqifjcif;/
(i) obm0ab;tEW&m,fa=umifh aomfvnf;aumif;/ e,fajrvHk+cHKa&;tajctaet& aomfvnf; aumif;
vGwfvyf+yD;w&m;r#waom a&G;aumufyGJusif;yEdkifjcif;r&SdonfhrJqENe,frsm; a&G;aumuf yGJrsm;udk a&$@qdkif;jcif;/
(p) a&G;aumufyGJqdkif&m odk@r[kwf EdkifiHa&;ygwDrsm;qdkif&m enf;Oya'rsm;udk zGJ@pnf;yHktajccHOya'yg
jyÏmef;csufrsm;ESifhtnDvnf;aumif;/ vkyfxHk;vkyfenf;rsm;/ !¸ef=um;csuf ponfrsm;udk oufqdkif&m
Oya'rsm;ESifhtnDvnf;aumif; xkwfjyefjcif;/
(q) a&G;aumufyGJqdkif&m tjiif;yGm;r_rsm;udk ppfaq;Edkifa&;twGuf Oya'ESifhtnD a&G;aumufyGJcHk tzGJ@rsm; zGJ@pnf;jcif;/
(Z) Oya'wpf&yf&yft& ay;tyfonfhwm0efrsm;udk xrf;aqmifjcif;/

9. Duties of the Union Election Commission are as follows:


(a) holding Hluttaw elections;
(b) supervising Hluttaw elections, and forming and supervising sub-commissions at all levels;
(c) designating and arranging constituencies;
(d) making and arranging lists of voters;
(e) putting off elections that are not in a position to be held in a free and fair way in some
constituencies due to natural disasters or local security;
(f) issuing necessary laws on elections and political parties in accord with the provisions of this
Constitution and procedures and directives in accord with the laws concerned;
(g) forming electoral tribunals to resolve electoral disputes;
(h) discharging duties assigned under a law.

10? (u) EdkifiHawmforRwonf jynfaxmifpka&G;aumufyGJaumfr&Sif OuUÏ odk@r[kwf tzGJ@0ifwpfOD;OD; tm;


atmufygta=umif;wpf&yf&yfjzifh pGyfpGJjypfwifEdkifonf ² ² ²
(1) EdkifiHawmf. aus;Zl;opPmawmfudk azmufzsufjcif;/
(2) zGJ@pnf;yHktajccHOya'yg jyÏmef;csufwpf&yf&yfudk azmufzsufusL;vGefjcif;/
(3) tusifhoduQmysufjym;jcif;/
(4) zGJ@pnf;yHktajccHOya'wGif oufqdkif&myk*~dKvftwGuf owfrSwfxm;onfh t&nftcsif; ysuf,Gif;jcif;/
(5) ay;tyfaomwm0ef0wW&m;rsm;udk ausyGefpGm rxrf;aqmifjcif;/

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NC Update

(c) jynfaxmifpkw&m;ol}uD;csKyf odk@r[kwf jynfaxmifpkw&m;v$wfawmfcsKyf w&m;ol}uD;wpfOD;OD; udk


pGyfpGJjypfwifjcif;ESifh pyfvsOf;onfh zGJ@pnf;yHktajccHOya'yg jyÏmef;xm;onfh enf;vrf;rsm;ESifhtnD aqmif&Guf&rnf?

10. (a) The President may impeach the chairman or a member of the Union Election Commission for any
of the following reasons:
(1) treason;
(2) violation of any provision of the Constitution;
(3) misbehaviour;
(4) lack of qualifications prescribed in the Constitution for a Hluttaw member;
(5) inefficient discharge of duties.
(b) procedures shall be taken in accord with the provisions of the State constitution on impeachment
of the Chief Justice or a Supreme Court Justice”.

11? (u) jynfaxmifpka&G;aumufyGJaumfr&Sif OuUÏ odk@r[kwf tzGJ@0ifonf &mxl;wm0efxrf;aqmifae pOf


ta=umif;wpfckcka=umifh rdrdoabmqENtavsmuf &mxl;rSEkwfxGufvdkv#if xdkodk@EkwfxGufvdk a=umif;
EdkifiHawmforRwxH pmjzifhwifjy+yD; &mxl;rSEkwfxGufEdkifonf?
(c) &mxl;rSEkwfxGufjcif;a=umifhjzpfap/ wm0efrS&yfpJcH&jcif;a=umifhjzpfap/ uG,fvGefjcif;a=umifhjzpf ap/
tjcm;ta=umif;wpfckcka=umifhjzpfap jynfaxmifpka&G;aumufyGJaumfr&Sif OuUÏ odk@r[kwf tzGJ@ 0ifae&mvpfvyfv#if
EdkifiHawmforRwonf zGJ@pnf;yHktajccHOya'yg jynfaxmifpk0ef}uD;cef@xm;jcif; ESifh pyfvsOf;onfh jyÏmef;csufrsm;ESifhtnD
a&G;aumufyGJaumfr&Sif OuUÏ topf odk@r[kwf tzGJ@0if topftm; cef@tyfwm0efay;Edkifonf?
(*) jynfaxmifpka&G;aumufyGJaumfr&Sif OuUÏ odk@r[kwf tzGJ@0ifonf EdkifiHh0efxrf;jzpfv#if jynf
axmifpka&G;aumufyGJaumfr&Sif OuUÏ odk@r[kwf tzGJ@0iftjzpf cef@tyfwm0efay;jcif;cH&onfhae@rS pI
wnfqJ0efxrf;pnf;rsOf;pnf;urf;rsm;ESifhtnD EdkifiHh0efxrf;tjzpfrS t+idrf;pm;,l+yD;jzpfonf[k rSwf,l&rnf?

11. (a) If the chairman or a member of the Union Election Commission in service wishes to resign of his
own accord due to his health condition or any of other reasons, he may submit his resignation to the
President.
(b) If the seat of the chairman or a member of the Union Election Commission is vacant due to
resignation, termination of duties, death, or any other reasons, the President may appoint a new
chairman or a member of the Union Election Commission in accord with the provisions on
appointment of a Union minister enumerated in the State Constitution.
(c) If the chairman or a member of the Union Election Commission is a government employee, he
shall be deemed to have resigned from civil service in accord with the existing civil service rules and
regulations from the date he is appointed as the chairman or a member of the Union Election
Commission.

12? atmufygudpP&yfrsm;ESifh pyfvsOf;I jynfaxmifpka&G;aumufyGJaumfr&Sif. qHk;jzwfcsuf/ aqmif&Gufcsuf onf t+yD;tjywf


twnfjzpfap&rnf ² ² ²
(u) a&G;aumufwifajr‡mufjcif;qdkif&m vkyfief;rsm;/
(c) a&G;aumufyGJcHktzGJ@rsm;. qHk;jzwfcsufrsm;/ trdef@rsm;ESifh pyfvsOf;onfh t,lcHr_rsm;/ jyifqifr_ rsm;/
(*) EdkifiHa&;ygwDqdkif&mOya't& aqmif&GufaomudpP&yfrsm;?

12. The Pyidaungsu Election Commission’s action and measures over the following matters shall be final and
conclusive:
(a) electoral procedures;
(b) appeals and amendments on electoral benches’ decisions and orders;
(c) matters taken under political party law.

13? jynfaxmifpka&G;aumufyGJaumfr&Sif OuUÏ ESifh tzGJ@0ifrsm;. wm0efrsm;/ vkyfydkifcGifhrsm;ESifh &ydkifcGifhrsm;udk Oya'jyÏmef;I


owfrSwf&rnf?

13. Duties, powers and rights of the chairman and members of the Pyidaungsu Election Commission shall be
prescribed by law.

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14? jynfaxmifpka&G;aumufyGJaumfr&Sif OuUÏ ESifh tzGJ@0ifrsm;. wm0efrsm;/ vkyfydkifcGifhrsm;udk &ydkifcGifhrsm;udk


Oya'jzifhjyÏmef;onfhtcg rSDjirf;jyKEdkifa&;twGuf jynfaxmifpka&G;aumufyGJaumfr&Sif OuUÏ udk 'kwd,orRw tqifh
owfrSwfonf? aumfr&SiftzGJ@0ifudk jynfaxmifpk0ef}uD;tqifh owfrSwfonf?

14. The role of the chairman of the Union Election Commission is designated to be equivalent to the position
of a Vice-President, and a member, to the position of a Union minister in order to make reference to duties,
powers and rights of the chairman and members of the Union Election Commission in prescribing laws.

xdk@tjyif Oya'jyKjcif;qdkif&m zGJ@pnf;r_tydkif;&Sd jynfol@v$wfawmfudk,fpm;vS,frsm;. t&nftcsif;


owfrSwfjcif;ESifhpyfvsOf;I csrSwfxm;+yD;jzpfonfh tao;pdwftajccH&rnfhrl tydk'f 32/ tydk'fcGJ (*) jzpfonfh
“jynfol@v$wfawmfudk,fpm;vS,ftjzpf a&G;aumufwifajr‡mufcH&onfhtcsdefESifhwpfqufwnf; jynf
axmifpkjrefrmEdkifiHawmfwGif tenf;qHk;(10)ESpf tajccsaexdkifcJhol”
[lonfh tao;pdwftajccH&rnfhrlatmufwGif ² ² ²
“¹ciG ;f csuf
Eikd if aH wm.f ciG jhf yKcsujf zihf Eikd if jH cm;o@kd w & m ; 0 io
f mG ;a&muo
f nu
hf mvrsm;uv kd n;f Eikd if aH wmwf iG f
tajccsaexikd cf o hJ nuhf mvtjzpf xno hf iG ;f a&wu
G &f rn”f
[k tao;pdwftajccH&rnfhrltjzpf jznfhpGufcsrSwfcJhonf?

In addition, regarding the qualifications of a Pyithu Hluttaw member stated in the Legislative
Formation, sub-paragraph (c) of Paragraph 32 -

‘The period of staying abroad with the permission of the government shall be deemed to have settled
in the Union’ is adopted as a provision under the detailed basic principle:

“Exception
having settled in the Union of Myanmar for at least 10 consecutive years up to the time of
being elected as Pyithu Hluttaw representative”.

(10) “EdkifiHa&;ygwDrsm;tcef;”
“Political Parties”

tao;pdwf tajccH&rnfhrlrsm;? (Detailed basic principles for the chapter.)

1? EdkifiHa&;ygwDrsm;onf ² ² ²
(u) jynfaxmifpkr+ydKuGJa&;/ wdkif;&if;om;pnf;vHk;nD!Gwfr_r+ydKuGJa&;ESifh tcsKyftjcmtm%mwnf wHhcdkif+rJa&;wdk@udk
OD;wnfcsufxm;&Sdonf?
(c) EdkifiHawmf. aus;Zl;opPmudk apmihfod&dkao&ef wm0ef&Sdonf?

1. Political parties
(a) set the objective - non-disintegration of the Union, non-disintegration of national solidarity and
perpetuation of sovereignty.
(b) have the duty to be loyal to the State.

2? EdkifiHa&;ygwDwpf&yfonf ² ² ²
(u) ppfrSefI pnf;urf;jynhf0aom ygwDpHk'Drdkua&pDpepfudk vufcHusifhoHk;&rnf?
(c) zGJ@pnf;yHktajccHOya'ESifh wnfqJOya'rsm;udk av;pm;vdkufem&rnf?
(*) EdkifiHa&;ygwDtjzpf Oya'ESifhtnD zG@J pnf;rSwfyHkwifxm;&rnf?

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2. A political party shall:


(a) accept and practise discipline-flourishing genuine multiparty democracy.
(b) abide by the Constitution and the existing laws.
(c) be legally registered as a political party.

3? EdkifiHa&;ygwDwpf&yfonf EdkifiHawmftwGif; Oya'ESifhtnD ² ² ²


(u) vGwfvyfpGm pnf;&Hk;cGifh&Sdonf/
(c) a&G;aumufyGJrsm;wGif yg0if,SOf+ydKifcGifh&Sdonf?

3. In accord with the law, a political party shall have the right to:
(a) organize freely;
(b) to stand for the elections.

4? EdkifiHa&;ygwDwpf&yf&yfonf atmufygta=umif;wpfckckESifh+idpGef;v#if qufvuf&yfwnfydkifcGifh r&Sdap& ² ² ²


(u) wnfqJOya't& rw&m;toif;tjzpf a=unmcH&jcif;/
(c) EdkifiHawmftm; vufeufpGJudkifI awmfvSefykefuefaeaom aomif;usef;oltzGJ@tpnf;/ t=urf; zufvkyf&yfrsm;udk
usL;vGefonf[k EdkifiHawmfuowfrSwfaom tzGJ@tpnf;ESifh yk*~dKvfrsm; odk@r[kwf rw&m;toif;tjzpf
a=unmcHxm;&aom tzGJ@tpnf;ESifh wdkuf&dkufjzpfap/ oG,f0dkufIjzpfap/ quf oG,fjcif; odk@r[kwf tm;ay;ulnDjcif;/
(*) EdkifiHjcm;wdkif;jynfwpfckckrS tpdk;& odk@r[kwf bmoma&;tzGJ@tpnf; odk@r[kwf tjcm;tzGJ@ tpnf;wpfckck odk@r[kwf
vlyk*~dKvfwpfOD;OD;xHrS aiGa=u;/ ypPnf;/ tjcm;taxmuftyHhudk wdkuf&dkuf jzpfap/ oG,f0dkufIjzpfap &,loHk;pGJjcif;/
(C) bmoma&;udk EdkifiHa&;twGuf tvGJoHk;pm;jyKjcif;/

4. The continued existence of a political party shall not be permitted if -


(a) it has been declared an unlawful organization in accord with the existing law;
(b) it makes connections with or provides support and assistance to insurgent groups waging an
armed rebellion against the State, organizations or persons the State has announced as the ones
committing terrorist acts or organizations the State has declared unlawful;
(c) it directly or indirectly receives financial, material and other assistance from the government or a
religious organization, or any other organization or an individual person of a foreign country;
(d) it abuses religion for political gain.

5? EdkifiHa&;ygwDwpf&yf&yfonf tydk'f 4 tydk'fcGJ (u)/ (c)/ (*) odk@r[kwf (C) yg jyÏmef;csufwpf&yf&yfEiS fh +idpGef;a=umif;
rSwfyHkwifcGifhay;Edkifaom tzGJ@tpnf;u awG@&Sdv#if EdkifiHa&;ygwDtjzpfrS rSwfyHkwifxm;jcif;udk y,fzsuf&rnf?

5. If the body having the authority to register political parities finds that a political party is connected with any
one of the points stated in the above-mentioned subparagraphs (a), (b), (c) or (d), the party’s registration shall
be revoked.

6? jynfaxmifpkv$wfawmfonf EdkifiHa&;ygwDrsm;ESifh pyfvsOf;onfh vdktyfaomOya'rsm;udk jyÏmef;&rnf?

6. The Pyidaungsu Hluttaw shall enact necessary laws concerning the political parties.

(11) “ ta&;ay:umvqdkif&m jyÏmef;csufrsm;tcef; ”


“Provisions on State of Emergence”

tao;pdwf tajccH&rnfhrlrsm;? (Detailed basic principles for the chapter.)

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1? wdkif;a'o}uD;wpfckwGifjzpfap/ jynfe,fwpfe,fwGifjzpfap/ jynfaxmifpke,fajrwpfckwGifjzpfap/ udk,fydkif


tkyfcsKyfcGifh&pD&ifpkwpfckwGifjzpfap/ tkyfcsKyfa&;qdkif&mvkyfief;rsm;udk zGJ@pnf;yHktajccHOya'yg jyÏmef;csufrsm;ESifh tnD
aqmif&GufEdkifpGrf;r&Sda=umif; od&Sdv#ifaomfvnf;aumif;/ oufqdkif&m a'otm%mydkiftzGJ@tpnf;u
wifjyv#ifaomfvnf;aumif;/ EdkifiHawmforRwonf trsdK;om;umuG,fa&;ESifhvHk+cHKa&;aumifpDESifh nd‡Ed_if;+yD;
Oya'uJhodk@tm%mwnfonfhtrdef@ xkwfjyefI ta&;ay:tajctae a=unmEdkifonf?

1. If the President learns that or if the respective local administrative body submits that the administrative
functions cannot be carried out in accord with the Constitution in a Region or a State or a Union territory or
a Self-Administered Area, he shall, after coordinating with National Defence and Security Council, issue order
having the force of law to declare a state of emergency.

2? tydk'f 1 t& ta&;ay:tajctaea=unmonfh udpP&yfwGif EdkifiHawmforRwonf ² ² ²


(u) oufqdkif&m wdkif;a'o}uD;/ jynfe,f/ odk@r[kwf udk,fydkiftkyfcsKyfcGifh&pD&ifpk. tkyfcsKyfa&;tm %mudk
&,loHk;pGJcGifh&Sdonf? xdk@tjyif ,if;tkyfcsKyfa&;tm%mudk oifhavsmfonfh tzGJ@tpnf;wpf&yf &yf zGJ@pnf;Ijzpfap/
oifhavsmfonfh yk*~dKvfwpfOD;OD;tm;jzpfap tyfESif;aqmif&GufapEdkifonf/
(c) ,if;odk@aqmif&Guf&mwGif vdktyfygu oufqdkif&m wdkif;a'o}uD;/ jynfe,f odk@r[kwf udk,fydkif
tkyfcsKyfcGifh&pD&ifpkrsm;u Oya'jyKydkifcGifh&Sdaom udpP&yfrsm;teuf tkyfcsKyfa&;qdkif&m udpP&yfrsm; twGuf
Oya'jyKcGifhtm%mudkom usifhoHk;cGifh&Sdonf? odk@&mwGif Oya'jyKcGifhtm%mudkrl rnfonfh tzGJ@tpnf; odk@r[kwf
rnfonfhyk*~dKvfudkr# tyfESif;aqmif&Gufapjcif; rjyK&?

2. In the matters concerning the declaration of a state of emergency in accord with the paragraph 1, the
President shall have the power to:
(a) exercise the executive power of the Region or State or Self-Administered Area concerned.
Moreover, he shall form a suitable body and entrust the executive power to an organization
concerned, or to a suitable person.
(b) In doing so, out of the legislative matters of the respective Regions and States and the
Self-Administered Areas, the President shall have the power to exercise the legislative power
concerning the executive affairs. But the legislative power shall not be entrusted to any body or any
person.

3? (u) wdkif;a'o}uD;wpfckwGifjzpfap/ jynfe,fwpfe,fwGifjzpfap/ jynfaxmifpke,fajrwpfckwGifjzpfap/


udk,fydkiftkyfcsKyfcGifh&pD&ifpkwpfckwGifjzpfap/ ,if;wdk@. wpfpdwfwpfa'owGifjzpfap jynfolrsm;. touf/
tdk;tdrfpnf;pdrfudk xdyg;tEW&m,fjyKrnfh ta&;ay:tajctae ay:aygufv#if odk@r[kwf xdk odk@ay:ayguf&ef
vHkavmufaomta=umif;&Sda=umif; od&Sdv#ifaomfvnf;aumif;/ xdkodk@ay:ayguf&ef vHkavmufaomta=umif;&Sda=umif;
oufqdkif&m a'otm%mydkiftzGJ@tpnf;u wifjyv#ifaomf vnf;aumif; EdkifiHawmforRwonf
trsdK;om;umuG,fa&;ESifhvHk+cHKa&;aumifpDESifh nd‡Ed_if;+yD; Oya' uJhodk@tm%mwnfonfhtrdef@ xkwfjyef+yD;
ta&;ay:tajctae a=unmEdkifonf?
(c) txuftydk'fcGJ (u) t& EdkifiHawmforRwonf trsdK;om;umuG,fa&;ESifhvHk+cHKa&;aumifpDESifh nd‡Ed_if;&mwGif
tzGJ@0ifrsm; pHknDpGm wufa&mufEdkifjcif;r&Sdygu tzGJ@0ifrsm;jzpfaom wyfrawmfum uG,fa&;OD;pD;csKyf/
'kwd,wyfrawmfumuG,fa&;OD;pD;csKyf/ umuG,fa&;0ef}uD;Xme 0ef}uD;/ jynfxJa&; 0ef}uD;Xme 0ef}uD;wdk@ESifh nd‡Ed_if;+yD;
ta&;ay:tajctaeudk tcsdefrD xkwfjyefa=unmEdkifonf? ,if; odk@xkwfjyefa=unmcsufudk
trsdK;om;umuG,fa&;ESifhvHk+cHKa&;aumifpDodk@ tjrefqHk; wifjy twnf jyKcsuf&,l&rnf?

3. (a) When there arises or there is sufficient reason to arise a state of emergency endangering life and
property of the people or if the respective local administrative body submits that there is sufficient
reason to arise such a state of emergency in a Region or a State or a Self-Administered Area or in any
part of them, the President after consulting with the National Defence and Security Council may issue
an order having the force of the law to declare a state of emergency.
(b) If not all the members of the National Defence and Security Council can attend the meeting in
which the President consults with the National Defence and Security Council as prescribed in the
above paragraph (a), the President, may after coordinating with the Commander-in-Chief of the
Defence Services, the Deputy Commander-in-Chief of the Defence Services, the Minister of Defence

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and the Minister of Home Affairs who are the members, declare a state of emergency in time. The
declaration shall be submitted to the National Defence and Security Council soonest for approval.

4? tydk'f 3 t& ta&;ay:tajctaea=unmonfh udpP&yfwGif ² ² ²


(u) ta&;ay:tajctaea=unmcsuf tusdK;oufa&mufonfh e,fajra'otwGif; rlvtajc taeodk@
tjrefjyefvnfa&muf&Sdapjcif;iSm a'oqdkif&m tm%mydkit f zGJ@tpnf;rsm;/ ,if;tzGJ@tpnf; 0ifrsm;/ e,fbufqdkif&m
0efxrf;tzGJ@tpnf;rsm;/ ,if;tzGJ@tpnf;0ifrsm;u wnfqJOya'rsm;ESifh tnD wm0efxrf;aqmif&mwGif
xda&mufr_&Sdap&ef wyfrawmf.tultnDudk &,laqmif&GufEdkif onf?
(c) EdkifiHawmforRwonf vdktyfygu ppftkyfcsKyfa&;trdef@wpf&yf xkwfjyefEdkifonf? ,if;ppftkyfcsKyf a&;trdef@wGif
wyfrawmfumuG,fa&;OD;pD;csKyftm; tkyfcsKyfa&;qdkif&m vkyfydkifcGifhESifh wm0efrsm;udk vnf;aumif;/
&yf&Gmat;csrf;om,ma&;ESifh w&m;Oya'pdk;rdk;a&;ESifh oufqdkifonfh w&m;pD&ifa&; qdkif&m
vkyfydkifcGifhESifhwm0efrsm;udkvnf;aumif; owfrSwfay;&rnf? wyfrawmfumuG,fa&;OD;pD;csKyf onf
,if;vkyfydkifcGifhESifhwm0efrsm;udk rdrdudk,fwdkif usifhoHk;aqmif&Gufjcif; odk@r[kwf oifhavsmfonfh ppfbuftm%mydkif
wpfOD;OD;udk usifhoHk;aqmif&Gufapjcif; jyKEdkifonf?

4. In connection with the declaration of a state of emergency in accord with the paragraph 3,
(a) local administrative bodies and members, and civil services and members shall take the assistance
of the Tatmadaw to be able to effectively carry out their functions in accord with the existing laws in
order to swiftly restore the situation of an area where a state of emergency has been declared.
(b) the President shall issue martial law order if necessary. In doing so, the President shall prescribe in
the martial law order the administrative powers and functions and judicial powers and functions
concerning community peace and the rule of law entrusted to the Commander-in-Chief of the
Defence Services. The Commander-in-Chief of the Defence Services shall exercise the powers and
functions himself or empower them to a suitable military officer.

5? EdkifiHawmforRwonf Oya'uJhodk@ tm%mwnfonfhtrdef@ xkwfjyefI ta&;ay:tajctaea=unmonfh tcg ² ² ²


(u) ,if;trdef@wGif ta&;ay:tajctae tusdK;oufa&mufonfh e,fajra'oESifh tcsdefumvwdk@ udk
owfrSwfazmfjy&rnf?
(c) vdktyfygu ta&;ay:tajctae tusdK;oufa&mufonfh e,fajra'otwGif; aexdkif=uaom EdkifiHom;rsm;.
rlvtcGifhta&; wpf&yf&yfudkjzpfap/ wpf&yfxufydkIjzpfap vdktyfovdk uef@owfEdkif onf odk@r[kwf &yfqdkif;Edkifonf?

5. The President when issues an ordinance having the force of law and declares a state of emergency shall:
(a) specify the area covered by the ordinance and the duration.
(b) if necessary, restrict or revoke one or more provisions of the fundamental rights of the citizens
residing in the area affected by a state of emergency declaration.”

6? EdkifiHawmforRwonf ta&;ay:tajctaea=unmI tydk'f 1 ESifh 2 t& ta&;,laqmif&Gufcsufrsm;udk vnf;aumif;/ tydk'f


3 ESifh 4 t& ta&;,laqmif&Gufcsufrsm;udkvnf;aumif; trdef@xkwfjyefonfhae@rS ² ² ²
(u) &ufaygif;(60)twGif; teD;uyfqHk; jynfaxmifpkv$wfawmftpnf;ta0;odk@ wifjyI twnfjyK csuf&,l&rnf?
(c) &ufaygif;(60)twGif; jynfaxmifpkv$wfawmf yHkrSeftpnf;ta0; usif;y&efr&Sdv#if jynfaxmifpk v$wfawmf
ta&;ay:tpnf;ta0; ac:,lusif;yapvsuf wifjyI twnfjyKcsuf&,l&rnf?

6. The President from the date of the promulgation shall present the measures taken in accord with the
paragraphs 1 and 2 and the measures taken in accord with the paragraphs 3 and 4:
(a) to the nearest Pyidaungsu Hluttaw session within 60 days for approval.
(b) shall cause to convene a special session of the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw for approval, if the Pyidaungsu
Hluttaw has not any schedule to hold a session within 60 days.

7? tydk'f 6 t& EdkifiHawmforRw. wifjycsufudk jynfaxmifpkv$wfawmftpnf;ta0;u ² ² ²


(u) twnfjyKv#if Oya'uJhodk@ tm%mwnfaomtrdef@onf owfrSwfxm;onfh ae@&ufESifhtcsdef umv
ukefqHk;onftxd tm%mwnf&rnf?
(c) twnfjyKonfhtjyif tcsdefumv xyfrHwdk;jr‡ifhowfrw S fv#if xdkOya'uJhodk@ tm%mwnfaom trdef@onf

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wdk;jr‡ifhowfrSwfonfh ae@&ufESifh tcsdefumv ukefqHk;onftxd tm%mwnf&rnf?


(*) twnfrjyKv#if twnfrjyKonfh ae@&ufESifhtcsdefumvu pwifI tm%mwnfjcif;rS &yfpJ& rnf?

7. (a) If the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw session approves the submission of the President concerning the
matters prescribed in the paragraph 6, the ordinance having the force of law shall be still in force till
the fixed date and time.
(b) In addition to the approval, if the period of the ordinance is extended, the ordinance having the
force of law shall be still in force till the extended time and date.
(c) The ordinance shall cease to have effect from the date on which it is disapproved by the
Pyidaungsu Hluttaw session.

8? EdkifiHawmf. tcsKyftjcmtm%mudk qlylaomif;usef;r_/ t=urf;zufr_ESifh t"rRenf;rsm;jzifh &,l&efaqmif &Gufjcif;/ odk@r[kwf


}udK;yrf;tm;xkwfjcif;a=umifh jynfaxmifpk+ydKuGJaprnfh/ wdkif;&if;om;pnf;vHk;nD!Gwfr_ +ydK uGJaprnfh odk@r[kwf
tcsKyftjcmtm%m vufvGwfqHk;&H_;aprnfh ta&;ay:tajctae ay:aygufv#if odk@r[kwf ay:ayguf&ef
vHkavmufaom ta=umif;awG@&Sdv#if EdkifiHawmforRwonf trsdK;om;umuG,fa&; ESifh vHk+cHKa&;aumifpDESifh nd‡Ed_if;+yD;
Oya'uJhodk@ tm%mwnfonfhtrdef@xkwfjyefI ta&;ay:tajctae a=u nmEdkifonf? ,if;trdef@wGif ta&;ay:tajctae
tusdK;oufa&mufonfh e,fajra'oonf EdkifiHwpf0ef; vHk;jzpfa=umif;ESifh tcsdefumv owfrSwfonfh trdef@xkwfjyefonfhae@rS
wpfESpftxdjzpfa=umif; azmfjy&rnf?

8. When there arises or there is sufficient reason to arise a state of emergency that may cause disintegration of
the Union, disintegration of national solidarity and loss of national sovereignty, due to take over of sovereign
State power or attempts by wrongful forcible means such as insurgency or violence, the President after
consulting with the National Defence and Security Council shall proclaim an ordinance and shall declare a
state of emergency. The proclamation shall stipulate that the area that the ordinance is in force is the entire
nation and that its duration is one year from the date it is proclaimed

9? (u) tydk'f 8 t& ta&;ay:tajctaea=unmonfh udpP&yfwGif EdkifiHawmforRwonf EdkifiHawmf twGif;


rlvtajctaeodk@ tjrefjyefvnfa&muf&Sdapjcif;iSm vdktyfonfh ta&;,laqmif&Gufr_rsm; jyKEdkif&ef
wyfrawmfumuG,fa&;OD;pD;csKyftm; EdkifiHawmf. Oya'jyKa&;/ tkyfcsKyfa&;ESifh w&m;pD&if a&;tm%mrsm;udk
v$Jtyfa=umif; a=unm&rnf? ,if;odk@ a=unmonfhae@rSpI v$wfawmftm;vHk; ESifh OD;pD;tzGJ@rsm;. Oya'jyKa&;qdkif&m
vkyfief;rsm;udk &yfqdkif;xm;onf[k rSwf,l&rnf? ,if;v$wf awmfrsm;. oufwrf;ukefqHk;onfhtcg
oufqdkif&mv$wfawmfrsm;onf tvdktavsmuf zsufodrf; +yD;jzpfonf[k rSwf,l&rnf?
(c) xdkodk@ wyfrawmfumuG,fa&;OD;pD;csKyftm; EdkifiHawmf.tm%mudk v$Jtyfaqmif&Gufaponfh ae@&ufrSpI
zGJ@pnf;yHktajccHOya'wGif rnfodk@yif jyÏmef;yg&Sdapumrl EdkifiHawmforRwESifh 'kwd, orRwrsm;rSty
zGJ@pnf;yHktajccHOya'ESifhtnD oufqdkif&mv$wfawmfrsm;. oabmwlnDcsufjzifh cef@tyfwm0efay;xm;aom
tzGJ@tpnf;0ifrsm;/ udk,fydkiftkyfcsKyfcGifh& wdkif;OD;pD;tzGJ@ odk@r[kwf udk,f ydkiftkyfcsKyfcGifh& a'oOD;pD;tzGJ@0ifrsm;tm;
wm0efrS&yfpJ+yD;jzpfonf[k rSwf,l&rnf?

9. (a) In declaring a state of emergency under paragraph 8, the President shall declare the transfer of
legislative, executive and judicial powers to the Commander in-Chief of the Defence Services to
enable the latter to take necessary measures in order to restore the nation to normal situation. It shall
be deemed that all the Hluttaws and leading bodies beginning from the date of declaration shall
terminate all their legislative functions. It shall be also deemed that when the term of the respective
Hluttaws ended they are automatically dissolved.
(b) Notwithstanding anything contained in the Constitution, all the members of the bodies and
members of the leading bodies of the Self-Administered Division or Self-Administered Zones, except
from the President and Vice-President, assigned with the approval of the Hluttaws in accord with the
Constitution are terminated from their duties beginning from the date the State power is transferred
to the Commander-in-Chief of the Defence Services.

10? EdkifiHawmftm%m v$Jtyfjcif;cH&onfh wyfrawmfumuG,fa&;OD;pD;csKyfonf Oya'jyKa&;tm%m/ tkyfcsKyf a&;tm%mESifh


w&m;pD&ifa&;tm%mwdk@udk usifhoHk;aqmif&GufcGifh&Sdonf? wyfrawmfumuG,fa&;OD;pD;csKyf onf Oya'jyKa&;tm%mudk
rdrdudk,fwdkifjzpfap/ rdrdudk,fwdkifyg0ifonfh tzGJ@tpnf;wpf&yf zGJ@pnf;Ijzpfap usifhoHk;aqmif&GufEdkifonf? tkyfcsKyfa&;tm%mESifh

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w&m;pD&ifa&;tm%mrsm;udk oifhavsmfonfh tzGJ@tpnf; wpf&yf&yfudk zGJ@pnf;Ijzpfap/ oifhavsmfonfh yk*~dKvfwpfOD;OD;tm;jzpfap


v$JtyfusifhoHk;aqmif&GufapEdkifonf?

10. The Commander-in-Chief of the Defence Services who has been transferred the State power shall have
the power to exercise the legislative, executive and judicial powers. The Commander-in-Chief of the Defence
Services shall exercise the legislative power by himself or shall form a body with his own participation to
exercise the legislative power. He shall empower a suitable body or a suitable person to exercise the executive
and judicial powers.

11? wyfrawmfumuG,fa&;OD;pD;csKyfonf ta&;ay:tajctaea=unmxm;pOf umvtwGif; vdktyfonfh e,fajra'owGif


EdkifiHom;rsm;. rlvtcGifhta&;wpf&yf&yfudkjzpfap/ wpf&yfxufydkIjzpfap vdktyfovdk uef@ owfEdkifonf odk@r[kwf
&yfqdkif;Edkifonf?

11. The Commander-in-Chief of the Defence Services during the declaration of a state of emergency shall
restrict or terminate a provision or more than one provision of the fundamental rights of citizens, as
necessary.

12? EdkifiHawmforRwonf ² ² ²
(u) tydk'f 8 ESifh 9 t& ta&;ay:tajctae a=unmI wyfrawmfumuG,fa&;OD;pD;csKyftm; EdkifiH awmftm%mudk
v$Jtyfaqmif&GufaponhfudpPudk jynfaxmifpkv$wfawmf yHkrSeftpnf;ta0;usif;y csdefjzpfv#if
,if;tpnf;ta0;odk@jzpfap/ jynfaxmifpkv$wfawmf yHkrSeftpnf;ta0;usif;ycsdefr[kwf v#if jynfaxmifpkv$wfawmf
ta&;ay:tpnf;ta0; ac:,lIjzpfap tpD&ifcHwifjy&rnf?
(c) wyfrawmfumuG,fa&;OD;pD;csKyfu ‚if;tm;ay;tyfxm;onfhwm0efudk +yD;ajrmufatmif aqmif
&Gufjcif;rjyKEdkifao;ojzifh owfrSwftcsdefumv wdk;jr‡ifhay;&ef tusdK;ta=umif;azmfjyvsuf wifjy vmygu
trsdK;om;umuG,fa&;ESifh vHk+cHKa&;aumifpDESifh nd‡Ed_if;+yD; omreftm;jzifh wpf}udrfv#if ajcmufvtxd
ESpf}udrfwdk;jr‡ifhay;Edkifonf? ,if;odk@ wdk;jr‡iafh y;onfhudpPudk jynfaxmifpkv$wfawmf ta&;ay:tpnf;ta0;ac:,lapI
tpD&ifcHwifjy&rnf?

12. (a) The President shall proclaim a state of emergency according to the paragraphs 8 and 9 and shall
submit the matter concerning the transfer of State power to the Commanderin-Chief of the Defence
Services to the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw if the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw is in session, and shall convene an
emergency session of the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw if it is not in session to submit the matter.
(b). The President after consulting with the National Defence and Security Council shall normally
extend the period to six months at a time for two terms if the Commander-in- Chief of the Defence
Services presents a submission giving reasonable fact to him to extend the period if the
Commander-in-Chief of Defence Services has not yet accomplished his duties assigned to him.
Concerning the matter, the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw emergency session shall be called.

13? EdkifiHawmforRwonf wyfrawmfumuG,fa&;OD;pD;csKyfu ‚if;tm;ay;tyfxm;onfhwm0efudk +yD;ajrmuf atmif


aqmif&Guf+yD;pD;a=umif; wifjyvmonfhtcg jynfaxmifpkv$wfawmfoufwrf; rukefqHk;ao;ygu jynf axmifpkv$wfawmf
ta&;ay:tpnf;ta0; ac:,lapI tpD&ifcHwifjy+yD;onfhae@rSpIjzpfap/ jynfaxmifpk v$wfawmfoufwrf; ukefqHk;+yD;jzpfygu
wyfrawmfumuG,fa&;OD;pD;csKyfxHrS wifjycsuf vufcH&&Sdonfhae@rS pIjzpfap/ tydk'f 9 t&
wyfrawmfumuG,fa&;OD;pD;csKyftm; EdkifiHawmftm%mudk v$Jtyfaqmif&GufapcJh onfhtrdef@udk trsdK;om;umuG,fa&;ESifh
vHk+cHKa&;aumifpDESifh nd‡Ed_if;+yD; y,fzsufa=umif; a=unm&rnf?

13. The President shall, after receiving the report of the Commander-in-Chief of Defence Services concerning
the completion of the duties assigned to him annul the order empowering the State power to the
Commander-in-Chief of Defence Services in accord with the paragraph 9 after consulting with the National
Defence and Security Council, on the date of his submission after convening the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw if the
term of the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw is not ended yet, or on the date he receives it from the Commander-in-Chief
of Defence Services if the term of the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw is ended.

14? EdkifiHawmforRwonf tydk'f 13 t& wyfrawmfumuG,fa&;OD;pD;csKyfxHrS tpD&ifcHpmudk &&Sdonfhtcg

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jynfaxmifpkv$wfawmfoufwrf; rukefqHk;ao;ygu v$wfawmftm;vHk;ESifh OD;pD;tzGJ@rsm;. Oya'jyKa&;qdkif&m vkyfief;rsm;tm;


,m,D&yfqdkif;xm;jcif;udk y,fzsuf&rnf? xdk@aemuf zG@J pnf;yHktajccHOya'yg tkyfcsKyfa&;ESifh w&m;pD&ifa&;qdkif&m
tzGJ@tpnf;topfrsm;udk zGJ@pnf;yHktajccHOya'ESifhtnD zGJ@pnf;wm0efay;tyf&rnf? ,if;tzGJ@tpnf;rsm;onf usef&Sdaom
v$wfawmfoufwrf;twGufom wm0efxrf;aqmif&rnf?

14. The President shall, after receiving the report of the Commander-in-Chief of the Defence Services in
accord with the paragraph 13, revoke the suspension of legislative functions of all the Hluttaws and leading
bodies if the term of the Hluttaw has not ended yet. The President shall assign duties to the new
Constitutional executive and judicial bodies in accord with the Constitution. The bodies shall discharge duties
only for the remaining period of the term of the Hluttaw.

15? EdkifiHawmforRwESifh 'kwd,orRwrsm;onfvnf;aumif;/ jynfol@v$wfawmf OuUÏ ESifh trsdK;om;v$wf awmf OuUÏ


wdk@onfvnf;aumif;/ jynfaxmifpkv$wfawmfoufwrf; ukefqHk;apumrl zGJ@pnf;yHktajccHOya' ESifhtnD
EdkifiHawmforRwtopfESifh 'kwd,orRwtopfwdk@udkvnf;aumif;/ jynfol@v$wfawmf OuUÏ topf ESifh trsdK;om;v$waf wmf
OuUÏ topfwdk@udkvnf;aumif; a&G;cs,fwifajr‡muf+yD;onftxd qufvufwnf&Sd onf?

15. Even though the term of the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw has ended the President, the Vice-Presidents, the
Speaker of the Pyithu Hluttaw and the Speaker of the Amyotha Hluttaw shall remain in their positions till the
new President, the new Vice-Presidents, the new Speaker of the Pyithu Hluttaw and the new Speaker of the
Amyotha Hluttaw have been elected in accord with the Constitution.

16? trsdK;om;umuG,fa&;ESifh vHk+cHKa&;aumifpDonf jynfaxmifpkv$wfawmfoufwrf; ukefqHk;oGm;csdefwGif


wyfrawmfumuG,fa&;OD;pD;csKyfu ‚if;tm;ay;tyfxm;onfhwm0ef +yD;ajrmufatmif aqmif&Gufjcif;rjyKEdkif ao;ojzifh
owfrSwftcsdefumv wdk;jr‡ifhay;&ef tusKd ;ta=umif;azmfjyvsuf wifjyvmygu omreftm;jzifh wpf}udrfv#if ajcmufvtxd
ESpf}udrfwdk;jr‡ifhay;Edkifonf?

16. The National Defence and Security Council, at the end of the term of Pyidaungsu Hluttaw, shall normally
extend the period to six months at a time for two terms if the Commander-in-Chief of the Defence Services
presents a reasonable submission to extend the period as the Commander-in-Chief of the Defence Services
has not yet accomplished his duty assigned to him.

17? trsdK;om;umuG,fa&;ESifh vHk+cHKa&;aumifpDonf EdkifiHawmforRwu tydk'f 8 ESifh 9 t& ta&;ay:tajc taea=unmI


wyfrawmfumuG,fa&;OD;pD;csKyftm; EdkifiHawmftm%mudk v$Jtyfaqmif&GufaponfhudpPESifh pyfvsOf;I
wyfrawmfumuG,fa&;OD;pD;csKyfu ‚if;tm;ay;tyfxm;onfhwm0ef +yD;ajrmufatmif aqmif&Guf +yD;a=umif;
wifjyonfhtpD&ifcHpmudk vufcH&&Sdonfhtcg tydk'f 9 t& wyfrawmfumuG,fa&;OD;pD;csKyftm; EdkifiHawmftm%mudk
v$Jtyfaqmif&GufapcJhonfh trdef@udk y,fzsufa=umif; a=unm&rnf?

17. In connection with the matter of transferring the State power to the Commander-in-Chief of the Defence
Services by the President after declaring a state of emergency, the National Defence and Security Council
shall, after receiving the report on the completion of the functions of the Commander-in-Chief of the
Defence Services shall, declare to annul the order empowering the Commander-in-Chief of the Defence
Services to exercise State sovereign power in accord with the paragraph 9.

18? trsdK;om;umuG,fa&;ESifh vHk+cHKa&;aumifpDonf ² ² ²


(u) zGJ@pnf;yHktajccHOya'ESifhtnD v$wfawmfrsm; zGJ@pnf;jcif;rjyKEdkifao;rD Oya'jyKa&;/ tkyfcsKyfa&; ESifh
w&m;pD&ifa&;tm%mwdk@udk usifhoHk;aqmif&Gufonf?
(c) TzGJ@pnf;yHktajccHOya'yg jyÏmef;csufrsm;eJ@tnD EdkifiHawmforRwtopf a&G;cs,fwifajr‡muf+yD; jynfaxmifpktqifh
tm%mydkiftzGJ@tpnf;rsm;udk zGJ@pnf;+yD;onfhtcsdefxd EdkifiHawmftm%mrsm;udk usifhoHk;aqmif&GufcGifh&Sdonf? xdkodk@
usifhoHk;aqmif&Guf&mwGif Oya'jyKa&;tm%mudk udk,fwdkifusifh oHk;aqmif&Guf&rnf? tkyfcsKyfa&;tm%mESifh
w&m;pD&ifa&;tm%mrsm;udk jynfaxmifpktqifh/ wdkif; a'o}uD; odk@r[kwf jynfe,ftqifhESifh
udk,fydkiftkyfcsKyfcGifh&pD&ifpktqifhrsm;twGuf oifhavsmfonfh tzGJ@tpnf;rsm; zGJ@pnf;Ijzpfap/ oifhavsmfonfh
yk*~dKvfwpfOD;OD;tm;jzpfap v$JtyfusifhoHk;aqmif&Guf apEdkifonf?

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18. The National Defence and Security Council shall:


(a) exercise the legislative power, executive power and judicial power before the Hluttaws are formed
in accord with the Constitution
(b) have the right to exercise the State sovereign power till the time a new President has been elected
and Union level organizations formed in accord with the provisions contained in the Constitution. In
so doing, the National Defence and Security Council shall exercise the legislative power by itself. The
National Defence and Security Council shall empower a suitable body or a suitable person to exercise
the executive and judicial powers at Union, Region, State, Self-Administered Division and
Self-Administered Zone levels.

19? trsdK;om;umuG,fa&;ESifh vHk+cHKa&;aumifpDonf zGJ@pnf;yHktajccHOya'yg tqifhqifhaom tm%mydkif tzGJ@tpnf;rsm;/


udk,fydkiftkyfcsKyfcGifh& wdkif;OD;pD;tzGJ@ odk@r[kwf udk,fydkiftkyfcsKyfcGifh& a'oOD;pD;tzGJ@rsm;ESifh jynfaxmifpka&G;aumufyGJaumfr&Sifwdk@udk
zGJ@pnf;yHktajccHOya'wGif jyÏmef;xm;aom oufqdkif&m t&nf tcsif;ESifh nD!Gwfonfh yk*~dKvfrsm;jzifh
zGJ@pnf;wm0efay;tyf&rnf?

19. The National Defence and Security Council shall form the constitutional administrative bodies at different
levels, leading bodies of Self-Administered Division and Self-Administered Zone and Union Election
Commission with suitable persons whose qualifications meet the stipulations contained in the Constitution
and assign duties to them.

20? trsdK;om;umuG,fa&;ESifh vHk+cHKa&;aumifpDonf tydk'f 17 t& trdef@udky,fzsufa=umif; a=unmonfh ae@rSpI


ajcmufvtwGif; zGJ@pnf;yHktajccHOya'yg jyÏmef;csufrsm;ESifhtnD taxGaxGa&G;aumufyGJ usif;yay; &rnf?

20. The National Defence and Security Council shall hold a general election in accord with the provisions of
the Constitution within a period of six months beginning from the date on which the order is annulled in
accord with the paragraph 17.

21? tydk'f 19 t& zGJ@pnf;xm;onfh tzGJ@tpnf;rsm;onf taxGaxGa&G;aumufyGJrsm; usif;y+yD; zGJ@pnf;yHk tajccHOya'ESifhtnD


zGJ@pnf;onfh Oya'jyKa&;/ tkyfcsKyfa&;ESifh w&m;pD&ifa&;qdkif&m tzGJ@tpnf;rsm; zGJ@pnf; +yD;onftxd rdrw d dk@.
vkyfief;wm0efrsm;udk qufvufaqmif&Guf&rnf?

21. The bodies formed according to the paragraph 19 shall continue to carry out their functions till legislative,
executive and judicial bodies have been formed according to the Constitution after the general election.

22? trsdK;om;umuG,fa&;ESifhvHk+cHKa&;aumifpDonf EdkifiHawmftm%mrsm;udkusifhoHk;&mwGif EdkifiHawmforRw trnfjzifh


azmfjyaqmif&Guf&rnf?

22. The National Defence and Security Council shall exercise the State power in the name of the President.

23? ta&;ay:tajctae xkwfjyefa=unmxm;pOf umvtwGif;wGif EdkifiHawmforRwudk,fpm;jzpfap/ wyfr


awmfumuG,fa&;OD;pD;csKyfu EdkifiHawmftm%mudk usifhoHk;aeonfh umvtwGif;jzpfap/ trsdK;om;umuG,f
a&;ESifhvHk+cHKa&;aumifpDu EdkifiHawmftm%mudk usifhoHk;aeonfh umvtwGif;jzpfap/ vHk+cHKa&;/ wnf+idrfa&;/
&yf&Gmat;csrf;om,ma&;ESifh w&m;Oya'pdk;rdk;a&;wdk@ukd rlvtajctaeodk@ tjrefjyefvnfa&muf&Sdapjcif;iSm vdktyfonfh
ta&;,laqmif&Gufr_jyKEdkif&ef vkyfydkifcGifhESifhwm0efrsm; ay;tyfjcif;cH&onfh tm%mydkiftzGJ@ tpnf; wpf&yf&yf/
,if;tzGJ@tpnf;0if wpfOD;OD;/ e,fbufqdkif&mtzGJ@tpnf; wpf&yf&yf/ ,if;tzGJ@tpnf;0if wpfOD;OD;/ ppfbufqdkif&mtzGJ@tpnf;
wpf&yf&yf/ ,if;tzGJ@tpnf;0if wpfOD;OD;. w&m;0ifaqmif&Gufcsufrsm; onf twnfjzpfap&rnf? ,if;
w&m;0ifaqmif&Gufcsufrsm;tay: ta=umif;jyKvsuf w&m;pGJqdkcGifh r&Sdap&?

23. During the time a state of emergency has been declared, the measures taken officially by a local
administrative body or its member or a civil service or its member or a military body or its member, formed
in order to take measures to restore security, stability, community peace and the rule of law soon on behalf of
the President or during the period the Commander-in-Chief of the Defence Services is exercising the State

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power or during the period the National Defence and Security Council is exercising the State power, shall be
legitimate. No legal action shall be taken against them for those legitimate measures.

zGJ@pnf;yHktajccHOya' jyifqifjcif;tcef;?

1? TzGJ@pnf;yHktajccHOya'yg jyÏmef;csufwpf&yf&yfudk jyifqifvdkygu atmufazmfjyyg owfrSwfxm;aom enf;vrf;twdkif;


aqmif&Guf&rnf?
(u) zGJ@pnf;yHktajccHOya'udk jyifqif&ef wifoGif;aom tqdkjyKcsufudk Oya'rl=urf;tjzpfjzifh wif oGif;&rnf?
(c) zGJ@pnf;yHktajccHOya'udk jyifqif&ef tqdkwifoGif;aom Oya'rl=urf;wGif tjcm;tqdkrsm; ryg&Sd ap&?

1. If there is wish to amend any of the provisions of this Constitution, the following methods shall be applied:
(a) The proposal to amend the Constitution shall be submitted in the form of a Bill.
(b) A Bill to amend the Constitution shall contain no other proposals.

2? zGJ@pnf;yHktajccHOya'udk jyifqif&ef Oya'rl=urf;udk jynfaxmifpkv$wfawmfwGif wifoGif;&rnf?

2. Such Bill to amend the Constitution shall be initiated in the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw.

3? zGJ@pnf;yHktajccHOya'udk jyifqif&ef Oya'rl=urf;udk jynfaxmifpkv$wfawmf&Sd v$wfawmfudk,fpm;vS,f pkpk aygif;.


ESpfq,f&mcdkifE_ef;u wifjyvmv#if tqdkyg jyifqifcsuOf ya'rl=urf;udk jynfaxmifpkv$wfawmfu vufcHaqG;aEG;&rnf?

3. The Pyidaungsu Hluttaw shall accept the Bill to amend the Constitution for consideration, if 20 per cent of
all the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw members submit it.

4? (u) csrSwfcJh+yD;jzpfonfh tajccH&rnfhrlrsm;ESifh tao;pdwftajccH&rnfhrlrsm;&Sd EdkifiHawmftajccHrl rsm;/


EdkifiHawmfzGJ@pnf;wnfaqmufyHk/ Oya'jyKa&;/ tkyfcsKyfa&;ESifh w&m;pD&ifa&;qdkif&m zGJ@pnf;r_ tydkif;ESifh
ta&;ay:umvqdkif&m jyÏmef;csufrsm;tcef;wdk@&Sd jyÏmef;csufrsm;udk jyifqifvdkv#if jynf
axmifpkv$wfawmfudk,fpm;vS,ftm;vHk;. ckepfq,fhig;&mcdkifE_ef;ausmfu jyifqif&efoabmwl vufcH+yD;aemuf
jynfvHk;u|wfqENcH,lyGJusif;yI qENrJay;ydkifcGifh&o
Sd ltm;vHk;. xuf0ufausmfqENrJ jzifhom jyifqif&rnf?
(c) tydk'f (u) wGif azmfjyxm;onfh jyÏmef;csufrsm;rSty tjcm;jyÏmef;csufrsm;udk jynfaxmifpk
v$wfawmfudk,fpm;vS,ftm;vHk;. ckepfq,fhig;&mcdkifE_ef;ausmf qENrJjzifhom jyifqif&rnf?
(*) tydk'f (u) yg tcef;rsm;ESifh oufqdkiftusHK;0ifrnfh yk'frrsm;udk zGJ@pnf;yHktajccHOya'rl=urf; a&; qGJonfhtcg
xnfhoGif;jyÏmef;&rnf?

4. (a) The adopted provisions of the State Fundamental Principles, the State Structure, the Formation of
Legislature, the Formation of Executive, the Formation of Judiciary, and the State of Emergency shall
be amended with the prior approval of more than 75 per cent of all the members of the Pyidaungsu
Hluttaw, in a nation-wide referendum only with a majority vote of more than half of those who have
the right to vote.
(b)Provisions other than those mentioned in the paragraph (a) shall be amended only
with a majority vote of more than 75 per cent of all the members of the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw.
(c) Articles that are relevant to or inclusive in Chapters stated in the paragraph (a)

“EdEdkifiHawmftvH/ txdrf;trSwfwHqdyf/ oDcsif;ESifh +rdK@awmf ”

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Eikd if aH wmt
f vEH iS hf pyv
f sO;f +y;D ² ² ²

1? EdkifiHawmftvHudk atmufygtwdkif; owfrSwf&rnf?


EdkifiHawmftvHwGif t0ga&mif/ tpdrf;a&mifESifh teDa&mifwdk@udk tpOftwdkif; txuf/ atmuf tvsm;vdkuf
tcsdK;nDpGmazmfjy+yD; =u,fjzL}uD;udk tvHawmf. tv,fwnfhwnfh tpdrf;a&mifay: wGif t0ga&mif/ tpdrf;a&mif/
teDa&mif tm;vHk;ESifhqufpyfI txufbufodk@ rwfrwf!¸efvsuf wnfap&rnf?
2? EdkifiHawmftvHESifh pyfvsOf;I Oya'jyÏmef;&rnf?

Regarding the State Flag,

(1) The State Flag shall be prescribed as follows:


The Flag is marked with yellow, green and red stripes in a proportionate ratio. On the green stripe in
the centre of the State Flag is a large white star covering all the three stripes directing upwards.
(2) Law shall be promulgated concerning the State Flag.

Eikd if aH wmf txrd ;f trw


S w
f q
H yd Ef iS hf pyv
f sO;f +y;D ² ² ²

“EdkifiHawmftxdrf;trSwfwHqdyfukd azmfjy+yD; ² ² ²
EdkifiHawmftxdrf;trSwfwHqdyfonf atmufygtwdkif;jzpfonf?

Regarding the State Seal,

with the picture of the State Seal under it,


“The State Seal shall be as shown below.”

Eikd if aH wmo
f cD si;f EiS hf pyv
f sO;f +y;D ² ² ²

“EdkifiHawmfoDcsif;tjzpf vuf&SdEdkifiHawmfoDcsif;udk owfrSwfonf?”

Regarding the National Anthem,

“The present National Anthem shall be prescribed as the National Anthem.”

Eikd if aH wm.
f +rKd @awmEf iS hf pyv
f sO;f +y;D ² ² ²

“aejynfawmfonf EdkifiHawmf. +rdK@awmfjzpfonf?”

Regarding the Capital,

“The capital of the State is Nay Pyi Taw.”

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