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Wheatgrass is a food prepared from the cotyledons of the common wheat plant, Triticum aestivum. It is sold either as a juice or powder concentrate. Wheatgrass differs from wheat malt in that it is served freeze-dried or fresh, while wheat malt is convectively dried. Wheatgrass is also allowed to grow longer than malt is. It provides chlorophyll, amino acids, minerals, vitamins, and enzymes. Claims about the health benefits of wheatgrass range from providing supplemental nutrition to having unique curative properties. Some consumers grow and juice wheatgrass in their homes. It is often available in juice bars, alone or in mixed fruit or vegetable drinks. It is also available in many health food stores as fresh produce, tablets, frozen juice and powder. Wheatgrass contains no Wheat Gluten.
The consumption of wheatgrass in the Western Indoor grown wheatgrass grows from 8-14 days before it is harvested. world began in the 1930s as a result of experiments conducted by Charles F. Schnabel in his attempts to popularize the plant. Schnabel, an agricultural chemist, conducted his first experiments with young grasses in 1930, when he used fresh cut grass in an attempt to nurse dying hens back to health. The hens not only recovered, but they produced eggs at a higher rate than healthy hens. Encouraged by his results, he began drying and powdering grass for his family and neighbors to supplement their diets. The following year, Schnabel reproduced his experiment and achieved the same results. Hens consuming rations supplemented with grass doubled their egg production. Schnabel started promoting his discovery to gristmills, chemists and the food industry. Two large corporations, Quaker Oats and American Dairies Inc., invested millions of dollars in further research, development, and production of grass products for animals and humans. By 1940, cans of Schnabel's powdered grass were on sale in major drug stores throughout the United States and Canada 
Wheat grass juice powder (freshly squeezed with the water removed) is also available either spray-dried or freeze-dried. broccoli and spinach.Wheatgrass 2 Cultivation Schnabel's research was conducted with wheatgrass grown outdoors in Kansas. Extracting wheatgrass juice with a manual juicing machine. Outdoor grown wheat grass grows slowly through the winter in a climate like that of Kansas in the United States. Wheatgrass grown indoors in trays for ten days contains similar nutritional content. due to less crowding of seeds and the resulting improved air circulation. an allergic reaction. and vitamins decline sharply. Ungerminated seeds can develop mold which may spread to nearby sprouted plants. in extreme cases.3 mg 0 mcg 19 mg 6 mg 13 mg 0.35 g) of wheatgrass juice. ranging from promotion of general well-being to cancer prevention and heavy metal detoxification. Health claims Table 1. Harvested grass was dehydrated and made into powders and tablets for human and animal consumption.21 mg 90 mg Spinach 810 mg 2658 IU 580 mcg 8 mg 0 mcg 14 mg 22 mg 28 mg 0. dehydrated at a low temperature and sold in tablet and powdered concentrates. Indoor growing and mold Growing wheat grass indoors usually requires the grass to be grown in small trays with the wheat grains close together for a high yield. Not every wheat seed will sprout. Data on Wheatgrass juice from indoor grown wheatgrass.77 mg 158 mg  Data on broccoli and spinach from USDA database. This may cause an unpalatable taste and. These claims have not been satisfactorily substantiated in the scientific literature. although there is some evidence in support of the beneficial effects of chlorophyll in the . Nutrient comparison of 1 oz (28. Wheatgrass grown outdoors is harvested. It is at this stage that the plant reached its peak nutritional value. concentrations of chlorophyll. His wheatgrass required 200 days of slow growth. Nutrient Protein Beta-carotene Vitamin E Vitamin C Vitamin B12 Phosphorus Magnesium Calcium Iron Potassium Wheatgrass Juice 860 mg 120 IU 880 mcg 1 mg 0. Proponents of wheatgrass make many claims for its health properties.66 mg 42 mg  Broccoli 800 mg 177 IU 220 mcg 25. through the winter and early spring. This issue is not necessarily a problem when growing wheat in a field. after jointing. protein.2 mg 0. when it was harvested at the jointing stage.30 mcg 21 mg 8 mg 7.
 a ratio of 1:23. the nutrient content of wheatgrass juice is roughly equivalent to that of common vegetables (see table 1). absorption. Book Publishing Company. usda. Wheatgrass is also thought to be superior to other vegetables in its content of Vitamin B12.. The food has demonstrated in vitro cytotoxicity to HL-60 (Human promyelocytic leukemia cells). 3 Wheatgrass vs. References  Murphy. digestion and general detoxification of the body. .  de Vogel. . Detoxification Another common claim for wheatgrass is that it promotes detoxification. Retrieved 2006-10-06. the chelation effect (removal of heavy metals from the blood) was studied for the same patients. rather it is a byproduct of the microorganisms living on plants.003.  Some research exists that relates diets high in chlorophyll.and now I know why!" (http:/ / www. PMID 16046728.. Contrary to popular belief. Nutrition Research 27 (1): 1–12. L. present in higher concentrations in green leafy vegetables.1016/j.2006. net. to lower rates of colon cancer.. Sean (2002-10-13). they cite a small pilot study which showed regular wheatgrass juice therapy significantly reduced rectal bleeding and overall disease activity. pp. org/ cgi/ content/ full/ 135/ 8/ 1995). .. It has been argued that wheatgrass helps blood flow.and Roelof van der Meer (August 2005). Johan. According to Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center. 53. cfm . half showed reduced need for transfusions. mskcc. Blakesleeb.  http:/ / www. "Natural Chlorophyll but Not Chlorophyllin Prevents Heme-Induced Cytotoxic and Hyperproliferative Effects in Rat Colon" (http:/ / jn. common vegetables Wheatgrass proponent Schnabel claimed in the 1940s that "fifteen pounds of wheatgrass is equal in overall nutritional value to 350 pounds of ordinary garden vegetables". htm). breast cancer patients who drank wheatgrass juice daily showed a decreased need for blood. In addition. com/ science?_ob=ArticleURL& _udi=B6TB1-4MY8BNY-1& _user=10& _coverDate=01/ 31/ 2007& _rdoc=1& _fmt=& _orig=search& _sort=d& view=c& _acct=C000050221& _version=1& _urlVersion=0& _userid=10& md5=484af3aa699168edc7456f5ec4aed6b6). doi:10. We Like It Raw. sciencedirect.  Ferruzzia.and bone marrow-building medications during chemotherapy. M. Nutr. the wheatgrass therapy showed a significant iron chelation effect. healthy for the body and the bank account" (http:/ / www. abc.Wheatgrass human diet. that is. there may be a need for further study of wheatgrass therapy for ulcerative collitis. ABC Landline. Despite claims of vitamin and mineral content disproportional to other vegetables. of the patients who were given 100 ml of wheatgrass juice daily. au/ landline/ stories/ s689970. Martijn B. There are a number of other small studies and pilots on the possible benefits of wheatgrass juice.  http:/ / www. ahr-kc. welikeitraw. a vital nutrient. B12 is not contained within wheat grass or any vegetable. "Nutrition in Grass".  "USDA Nutrient Database" (http:/ / www. In another pilot.). Steve (April 1999). and cancer preventative activity of dietary chlorophyll derivatives" (http:/ / www. However. without diminishing the effects of the therapy. com/ rawfood/ 2006/ 01/ i_hate_wheatgra. com/ reports/ american_butter_company  "I hate wheatgrass. the intervals between needed transfusions were increased.nutres. nutrition. Another small study of transfusion-dependent patients suffering from myelodysplastic syndrome responded similarly to wheatgrass therapy. "Wheatgrass. org/ mskcc/ html/ 69419. (The American Society for Nutritional Sciences) 135 (8): 1995–2000. .12. Jonker-Termont. Retrieved 2010-06-04. "Digestion. Mario G. gov/ fnic/ foodcomp/ search/ ). Wheatgrass Nature's Finest Medicine: The Complete Guide to Using Grass Foods & Juices to Revitalize Your Health (6th ed. J. These claims have not been reliably substantiated.  Meyerowitz. html). . nal. Joshua (January 2007). Katan. No adverse effects were observed. ISBN 1878736973. Retrieved 2007-11-06. The limited data in support of that claim applies to most green vegetables. in one pilot study of children with thalassemia (a hereditary form of anemia which often requires blood transfusions). Denise S.
Vol. PMID 15774490. Trehan. Presenter: Soma Mukhopadhyay. PMID 11989836.24(3):243-50  Melina. Goldin. M. Kaur. A. Berry. E (April 2002). E. chlorophyllin and related tetrapyrroles are significant inducers of mammalian phase 2 cytoprotective genes" (http:/ / carcin.  Bar-Sela. Central Institute for Research (Ayurveda). Li HK. RD: "The New Becoming Vegetarian".. Kolkata. Katherine K. Yong HW. 2009 (suppl.michaelshermer. Healthy Living Publications. Mandal. 4 External links • Wheatgrass Juice: Is the magical mystery juice all it's blended up to be? [[Skeptoid|Skeptoid: Critical Analysis of Pop Phenomena (http://skeptoid. 58." Pak J Pharm Sci.  Alitheen NB. Stephenson. S. Oon CL. J. Scand J Gastroenterol 37 (4): 444–9. Wengrower. Keong YS. Wheatgrass Juice Reduces Transfusion Requirement in Patients with Thalassemia Major: A Pilot Study. Medy. Vesanto. No.  Marawaha. E.1093/carcin/bgi068. "Wheat grass juice in the treatment of active distal ulcerative colitis: a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial". Patricia A. 2011 Jul. Dinkova-Kostova. India. Tsalic. 2009] • Wheatgrass Juice & Folk Medicine (http://www. "Chlorophyll. Mukhopadhyay. doi:10. RK. D. Egner.  Fahey. India. Stamper. . doi:10. Basak. Fried. Brenda. 2003. Goldberg. India. Kar.Wheatgrass  Ben-Arye.. Pages 43-48. S. R. Albena T. A. Journal of Clinical Oncology 27:15s. oxfordjournals.com/2008/08/wheatgrass/) Michael Shermer // Scientific American 299. Kolkata. Kensler and Paul Talalay (2005). Nutrition and Cancer 2007. A. MS. RD & Davis.com/episodes/4006)] November 6. page 186-187. org/ cgi/ content/ full/ 26/ 7/ 1247). Jed W. Mukhopadhyay. Cancer Research Institute.41(7):716-20  S. D. NRS Medical College. 1. abstr 7012) 2009 ASCO Annual Meeting. The Role of Iron Chelation Activity of Wheat Grass Juice in Patients with Myelodysplastic Syndrome. 42 (2008) . Carcinogenesis 26 (7): 1247–55. Bansal. Kohn."Cytotoxic effects of commercial wheatgrass and fiber towards human acute promyelocytic leukemia cells (HL60). Chandra Bose.1080/003655202317316088. Getta. Kolkata. Wheat Grass Juice May Improve Hematological Toxicity Related to Chemotherapy in Breast Cancer Patients: A Pilot Study. Indian Pediatric 2004 Jul. Chuan TK. Netaji Subhas. Thomas W. PhD. Hadassah. Gil.
Dyuku. Craig Pemberton. Deli nk. HealingAndHerbs. Odie5533.delanoy. Hesperian. McCracken. Deathect.org/w/index. Village Idiot Sabant. Andrewpmk. J. Vincenzo Gennaro. RTascajr. SirDecius. Muleattack. Iridescent. MisterSheik.jpg License: Public Domain Contributors: Cybold2 License Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.org/w/index. Saluton. MLRoach. SweetP112. Nathsmiles. Hermaja. Gaius Cornelius. Pink9lolipop. Phidauex. ERK. Zigzig20s. SchmuckyTheCat. Cybold2. SteveIndigo. Michael Bailes. Kingadrock.Saxena. Florentino floro. Dr. Quiddity. Ncmvocalist. Jrrmin49. Spectatrix. Essenenetzarim.php?title=File:Grassinsnow.wikipedia. SpuriousQ. Swax. Hqb. Tommy2010. Cp111. Lee@wheatgrassuk.Article Sources and Contributors 5 Article Sources and Contributors Wheatgrass Source: http://en.jpg Source: http://en. HedgeFundBob. Pare Mo. Heron. Rex53. Nihar S. Gamaliel. Ambuj. Drbrucek. Tide rolls. Gene Nygaard. Peterb323. Wyoming 1994.jpg Source: http://en. Twisted86.wikipedia. Vmenkov Image:grassinsnow. Bnemetz. Pacey. K10wnsta. Erroneuz1. BoraxxaroB. Johnny on the spot.jpg License: GNU Free Documentation License Contributors: Duk.0 Unported //creativecommons. Allen3.org/w/index. Anikingos. Hazratio. 348 anonymous edits Image Sources. Karuna8.org/licenses/by-sa/3. Cleancolon. Pseudomonas. Woohookitty. Sgerbic.php?title=File:Wheatgrass. JohnCub.wikipedia. Keilana. Darth Panda. Caiaffa. John of Reading. DanielCD. Nuttycoconut. Ubuntu2. Black Kite. DrKennethNoisewaterIII.com. SquidDNA. Puchiko. Kewe. Palfrey. Yamamoto Ichiro.frog. Jeremy Butler. 1 anonymous edits Image:WheatGrassJuicing. Healthfood07. Kay Dekker. Zipkosamek. Tarheel95. Minghong.jpg Source: http://en. Guave78. Bencherlite. Шуфель. Maxschmelling. Sharikalb. Smood47. RDBrown. Mukkakukaku. Angelagardner. Schmmd.php?title=File:WheatGrassJuicing. Ronz. MPF. Malay Agin. Derekstem. Haus. Sansbras. Rosenbluh.0/ . Skier Dude. Mrgiles. H92.php?oldid=465237527 Contributors: Adnan adnan297.org/w/index. Alansohn. The Librarian.wikipedia. Wilybadger. Badagnani. JzG. Nikthestoned. Kesfan. Romanito. McSly. Tassedethe. JakeVortex. Scientizzle. Corpx. Amakuha. SandyGeorgia. Anthon01. Ettrig. Erianna. Aolmack 99.jpg License: GNU Free Documentation License Contributors: Anthon01. Graham87. JaGa. Mochafrap6. Licenses and Contributors Image:Wheatgrass. Thingg. Cacycle. Cactus Hug. BanyanTree. The veritas. Durakone. YUL89YYZ. Samlehman. TheHYPO. Michaelpaul10. Matthew12232. Karafias. Rjwilmsi. Vmenkov.
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