Introduction of Ayurveda: The Science of Life

Presented by: Michael Macdonald Tutor, Australasian Institute of Ayurvedic Studies

" It is a word derived from the root dus. Five Elements Ayurveda believes that everything in this universe is made up of five great elements. dosha can be regarded as a fault. In Ayurveda. stable & light Cold. discussion and meditation. Dosha means. dosha is also known as the governing principles as every living thing in nature is characterized by the dosha. The Doshas are constantly moving. Every substance in our world is made up of these five building blocks. Element Space Air Fire Water Earth State Etheric Gaseous Radiant Fluid Solid Qualities Soft. 2011 . etc. dry & rough Hot. rejuvenation of the body and the extension of our life span. cold. Ayurveda emphasizes the prevention of disease. The profound premise and promise of Ayurveda is that through changes to diet & lifestyle. hard.000 years. which is equivalent to the English prefix 'dys'. not only can we prevent disease but live a long. Doshas are required for life to happen. slow & soft Heavy. The three active Doshas are called Vata. In this sense. Pitta and Kapha. Introduction Ayurveda is the natural health science of India that has been practiced for more than 5. 2.Session 1 – Ayurvedic Fundamentals 1. in dynamic balance one with the others. light & subtle Light. mistake or error. experiment. slow. It is based on the view that the elements and forces that comprise all of nature are also seen in human beings. sharp. It is a Sanskrit word that translates as "the science of life. healthy life in balance and harmony. Doshas In Ayurvedic philosophy. fast. dystrophy. It provides an integrated approach to the prevention & treatment of illness through lifestyle changes and natural therapies. such as in dysfunction.”Ayurveda is a system of health care conceived and developed by the natural scientists of India through centuries of observation. the five elements combine in the human body in pairs to form three dynamic forces or interactions called Doshas. "that which changes. Introduction to Ayurveda Version One – January 2011 Page 2 of 8 Copyright: AIAS. stable & dense 3. oily.

clear. Fleshy Pitta Kapha Gives strength and stability. Helps you plan a balanced diet. thighs. every individual is born with a unique combination of these Doshas in their body. Moist 1. tongue. both physically and psychologically. liver. and oesophagus Cold. family and professional life. Benefits of knowing you body type: · · · · · Helps you maintain optimal health. Liquid. delivery of nutrients to the cells and the removal & excretion of waste products Governs digestion and metabolic transformation of nutrients into biologically usable forms. Thus. Dense. Sharp. breathing. this basic constitution is fixed throughout our lifetime. Prakruti or ‘Body Type’ According to Ayurveda. Light. upper part of the stomach. quick. The combination of Vata. It enhances resistance to disease and promotes the healing process Lungs. Sour. Your Prakruti is unique to you just as your fingerprint and DNA. It also imparts the capacity to absorb ideas and impressions and bestows intelligence and an enthusiasm for life. 2011 . astringent & Controls movement of blood through the expansive circulatory system. and Kapha that is present in the sperm & ovum combine at the time of fertilization to create a unique individual. Small intestines. Pitta. Damp. Heavy. spleen and pancreas Hot. Helps you to know how an imbalance is likely to occur in yourself.Dosha Function Vata Responsible for all bodily activities & sensations Location Qualities Colon. Slow. Penetrating. gallbladder lower part of the stomach. Oily and. Introduction to Ayurveda Version One – January 2011 Page 3 of 8 Copyright: AIAS. Called Prakruti. Ayurveda is the only science that works on the fundamental principle that every human being is born with his or her own unique body constitution or Prakruti. it is necessary to determine their Prakruti. bladder. light. dry. Oily. hips & kidneys mobile. Helps you to plan your lifestyle according to the requirements of your body. Rough. Sweet. cold. heart. in order to understand a person. Helps you to maintain a good and balanced personal. Stable and.

Introduction to Ayurveda Version One – January 2011 Page 4 of 8 Copyright: AIAS. 2011 .

graying early or curly. black balding Skin is soft. passion. hard & prone to constipation oily. water and snow My speech is slow & cautious Likes sour. My thinking is organised & efficient My dreams are of violence. feeble and irregular. brown. Appetite is constant but can skips meals Craves sweet & salty foods Tendency towards selfishness & possessiveness Sweat is moderate or heavy with pleasant odour Bowel movements are heavy. Hair Hair is oily. with a loving gaze Eyes are small. Bowel movements are dry. brittle. irritability and jealously. blond. oily and moist. and thick Relaxed and easy going approach to life. Good short term memory but Sharp memory and interrogative. thick. red. My thinking is quick and active My dreams are of running. very tall or short and non-muscular Height is above to below average Pitta Medium sized physique. moist with moles or acne Pulse is full. black or brown sensitive to light. frightening things My speech is fast & talkative A perfectionist can be intolerant and impatient. and black Skin is often dry and rough Pulse is fast. coarse. Slow digestion No strong preference to climate but likes warmth and dislikes humidity. Height is average Kapha Thick. Difficult to gain weight Appetite is changeable Learns quickly and forgets Slow at grasping concepts but slow to slowly. the sun My speech is precise & convincing Thinking Dreams Speech Introduction to Ayurveda Version One – January 2011 Page 5 of 8 Copyright: AIAS. Height is average to tall Eyes are big. dark brown. 2011 . and loose Generally enthusiastic and lively. thin. flying. Pulse is slow. Good long term memory.1. prefers heat. Sweat is Scanty with no odour Sweat is heavy with strong odour Bowel movements are soft. forget. Likes cold food & drinks. gray or green with a penetrating gaze Hair is dry. nervous. jumping and regular. Dislikes hot weather. Difficult to lose weight Weight is stable Appetite is strong and intense and can become irritable when hungry. sentimentality. bright. dry. Eyes are sharp. slow. Quick to grasp concepts but easily forgets. worries and fears. and blue. strong digestion Skin is cool. Skin Pulse Sleep Digestion Weather Memory Learning Weight Appetite Food Emotions Sweat Bowels Lifestyle Dislikes the cold. luxuriant. thick. poor long term. salty & sweet foods. Sleep is light and short Good. loves being sedentary. calm. anger. Sleep is short & irregular Light & inconsistent digestion. Prakruti Test Vata Physique Height Eyes Physique is thin. dull and rhythmic Sleep is sound and long. broad and well developed physique. fire. My thinking is slow & methodical My dreams are of romance. wavy or Hair is fine and straight. Tendency towards anxiety Tendency towards anger.

If you live in a cold climate and eat dry. Unfortunately. Keep your bodily intelligence in balance 2. but will Thrifty with money but spend money spend it on luxuries on food Intelligent. I can push myself too hard 1. Learn how to create balance between Mind. this is not the case. then need to rest Money Total Can save money. judgemental and Loyal. 3. if your Prakruti is Vata then your body will already be dry. Exercise every day 8. Regular elimination of toxins 4. this state of imbalance is called Vrikruti. Energy comes Stamina in spurts. It is these imbalances that can lead to illness. 2011 . Daily Routines Ayurveda teaches that Vrikruti can be changed by means of diet and lifestyle to return your body to a balanced and healthy state. cold. The qualities in the environment and in our food can accumulate in our bodies and can disturb the dynamic balance between the Doshas. Every person is subjected to the constant interaction with his or her environment. your constitution remains fixed throughout your life. discriminating. Vrikruti or ‘Imbalance” Ideally. Low stamina. light & active because these are the dominant qualities of Vata. Clean the 5 sense organs daily 3. Understand the importance of the six tastes 6.Cannot save money with a tendency to impulse buying Personality Loves to be the centre of attention. Observe the breath 5. Stamina is moderate or high. cold & light foods then these qualities will accumulate in your body and cause Vata to become imbalanced. In Ayurveda. Recognise the role of the Mind 9. For example. Recognise the role of Agni 7. Body & Soul 10. forgiving and understanding. Below is a list of daily routines that can be followed to achieve this: 1. Recognise your emotions and work on them every day Introduction to Ayurveda Version One – January 2011 Page 6 of 8 Copyright: AIAS. which will affect the person's constitution at any time. Stamina is high & long lasting.

Sharma. Frawley is a respected author in the field of Ayurveda. Ayurveda & the Mind $ Ayurveda – The Science of Self Healing by: Dr Vasant Lad $24. It provides a full range of treatment methods including diet. Ayurvedic Healing: A Comprehensive Guide By Dr. $450. The present translation is by the renowned Vidya. K.00 by Dr David Frawley & Dr. Subhash Ranade This book covers all the material found in the two year Ayurvedic program taught in India to foreign students. Ajit. covering topics such as illness and remedies. this DVD will help you understand the Ayurvedic principle that "food is medicine". This is by far the finest translation of the Sanskrit text by Achyra Charaka. The DVD pack also contains a recipe book of all items prepared. It covers the complete medical wisdom of the Vedic era. including its History & Philosophy. diet and regimens. Bhagwan Dash The seminal text of Ayurvedic Medicine. covering over eighty different ailments from cancer to the common cold.00 This excellent book clearly explains the principles and practical application of Ayurveda. impressions. Presented by Rippan Sandhu & Dr. He is director of the American Institute of Vedic Studies. Dr. Vedic sciences & yoga. from diet and herbs to yoga and meditation. Diagnostic techniques and the medicinal use of kitchen herbs & spices. S. He is director of the American Institute of Vedic Studies. Ayurveda. David Frawley This book presents the Ayurvedic treatment of common diseases. oils. Charaka Samhita (7 volume set) by: R. Dash has had an outstandingly brilliant academic career. 2011 .00 Introduction to Ayurveda Version One – January 2011 Page 7 of 8 Copyright: AIAS. Lad is a Professor of Ayurvedic Medicine& is Director of the Ayurvedic Institute in Albuquerque. Frawley is a respected author in the field of Ayurveda. Dr.00 by: Dr David Frawley This book explores how to heal the mind on all levels from the subconscious to the superconscious. mantras and meditation. Dr. explaining both Ayurvedic diagnostic and treatment techniques. Bhagwan Dash. It contains a full description of Ayurveda on all levels. herbs. In the course of over thirty years dedicated to research and practice of New Mexico.Text Books (Available from www. Vedic sciences & yoga. covering every meal of the day. Dr. mediation & yoga to create wholeness.planetayurveda. Nature’s Medicine $28. from breakfast to dinner. $26.00 Conscious Ayurvedic Cooking Over 2 hours of Ayurvedic cooking recipes are presented in this DVD. along with the role of diet. mantras.

David Frawley This is an invaluable resource for people interested in the use of herbs according to Ayurveda principles. Introduction to Ayurveda Version One – January 2011 Page 8 of 8 Copyright: AIAS. the location & significance of marma points.00 Yoga & Ayurveda: Self Healing & Self Realization $28. emotional & spiritual levels. exploring their shared world view & how both practices work at the physical. K. He is director of the American Institute of Vedic Studies. mantras & meditation to strengthen & heal the body.00 $125. Ojha The book describes basic concept of Dravyaguna (Herbology) as taught in the Syllabus of CCIM in India. It presents information on nomenclature. Frawley is a respected author in the field of Ayurveda. Vedic sciences & yoga. Ojha is Dean of the faculty of Ayurveda at the Banaras Hindu University.A Handbook of Dravyaguna by: Prof J. how they can be used & information on their physical and psychological effects. Varanasi Massage CD By Dr. asana. Over 270 herbs are explained in detail.00 by: Dr.00 By Dr. S. emphasising the role of the chakras & nadis. herbs. It also discusses the shared practices of diet. Ajit An interactive CD that explains the importance of massage in Ayurvedic treatment. 2011 . massage protocols for various body types & a section on self massage. botanical identification & therapeutical uses of all the major herbs used in Ayurvedic Medicine Prof. It also discusses the role of the subtle body. Dr. A number of Chinese herbs are also introduced. pranayam. David Frawley This book highlights the close connection between Yoga & Ayurveda. Yoga of Herbs $24. $75. It shows the type of strokes used in Ayurvedic massage.