I Conditional: •

gradi se: IF Simple Present, Future Tense If I finish my homework, I will go to the cinema.

Ako je glavna rečenica na početku, posle nje se ne koristi zarez (ovo važi za sva tri tipa kondicionalnih rečenica): I will go to the cinema if I finish my homework.

• •

Upotrebljava se da se iskaže radnja koja će se IZVESNO odigrati, u onom trenutku kada bude ispunjen uslov iz IF rečenice. IF se najčešće prevodi sa KADA: If I finish my homework in time, I will go to the cinema. Kada uradim domaći, ićiću u bioskop.

II Conditional: •
gradi se: IF Simple Past, WOULD + infinitive If I finished my homework, I would go to the cinema. • • Upotrebljava se da se iskaže radnja koja će se odigrati, u koliko bude ispunjen uslov iz IF rečenice (ako uslov ne bude ispunjen neće se odigrati). IF se najčešće prevodi sa AKO: If I finished my homework, I would go to the cinema. Ako budem uradila domaći, ićiću u bioskop.

III Conditional: •
gradi se: kolona) IF Past Perfect, WOULD + HAVE + past participle (ili III If I had finished my homework, I would have gone to the cinema. • • Upotrebljava se da se iskaže radnja koja bi se odigrala u budućnosti, da je bio ispunjen uslov iz IF rečenice (međutim taj uslov neće biti ispunjen). IF se najčešće prevodi sa DA: If I had finished my homework, I would have gone to the cinema. Da sam uradila domaći, išla bih u bioskop.

1

Ovo se radi u koliko je subjekat opšte poznat (npr.Simple Past: made --> . He/She/It doesn’t read They don’t read • upitan obilk: DO/DOES + subjekat + infinitiv glagola 2 . You don’t read You don’t read 3. I don’t read We don’t read 2. .glagol iz aktivne rečenice se prebacuje u pasivni oblik. I read We read 2.Simple Present Continuous: are/is making --> .Future: will make --> are/is made are/is being made were/was made were/was being made --> have/has been --> --> have/has being had been had being made will be made Simple Present Tense: • potvrdan oblik: infinitiv glagola + -S ili –ES u 3.: have/has been making made . You read You read 3. He/She/It reads They read • odričan oblik: glagola DO NOT/DOES NOT (DON’T/DOESN’T) + infinitiv 1. subjekat glagol objekat pasiv: A book is being read by Mary.Passive Voice: • Pasivna pečenica se gradi od aktivne na sledeći način: .Past Perfect Continuous: had been making --> .subjekat iz aktivne rečenice postaje objekat u pasivnoj (po potrebi).Simple Present: make --> .Simple Past Continuous: were/was making --> . subjekat glagol objekat • Galgol se iz aktivnog oblika pretvara u pasivni tako što se glagol TO BE stavi u vreme koje je bilo u aktivnoj rečenici.Present Perfect: have/has made made . lično ime). aktiv: Mary is reading a book. tako što se ispred njega dodaje BY. . a glavni glagol se pretvori u Past Participle (ili III kolonu): .Present Perfect Cont.Past Perfect: had made made . U suprotnom objekat se u pasivnoj rečenici izostavlja. licu jednine 1.objekat iz aktivne rečenice postaje subjekat u pasivnoj.

I worked We worked 2. love. I get up at 7 o’clock every day. at this moment koristi se da iskaže radnju koja se odigrava u trenutku govora ili u sadašnjem trenutku (npr. see. He/She/It is reading • odričan oblik: odričan oblik gl. I am reading 2. at the moment. I am not reading We are not reading 2. realize. Do I read? Do we read? 2. He/She/It is not reading They are not reading • upitan obilk: inverzijom pomoćnog glagola Are we reading? Are you reading? Are they reading? 1. kao ni u kom drugom složenom vremenu (postoje neki izuzetci): want. belong. Do you read? Do you read? 3. • Sledeći glagoli se ne koriste u Simple Present Continuous-u. forget. za apsolutnu istinu Npr. You worked You worked 3. TO BE + -ING oblik glagola We are reading You are reading They are reading 1.• 1. believe.) Simple Past Tense: • potvrdan oblik: nastavak – ED/D ili II kolona za nepravilne glagole 1. today. need. mean. hate. understand. think (meaning ‘believe’). like . Is he/she/it reading? • • priloške odredbe: now. You are reading 3. You are not reading You are not reading 3. prefer. u toku današnjeg dana). seem. have (meaning ‘possess’). He/She/It worked They worked • odričan oblik: DID NOT (DIDN’T) + infinitiv glagola 3 . Does he/she/it read? Do they read? Koristi se za radnje koje su uobičajene (one koje se ponavljaju po ustaljenom redosledu). suppose. know. The earth goes round the sun. za iskazivanje nečeg što je promenjivog karaktera (npr. Are you reading? 3. remember. Am I reading? 2. hear. TO BE + -ING oblik glagola 1. Simple Present Continuous: • potvrdan oblik: present gl. The population of the world is rising very fast.

za prepričavanje. ali se nije završila do trenutka govora.. year.) koristi se za iskazivanje neke radnje koja se desila u prošlosti. Was I reading? Were we reading? 2. I have worked 2. za radnju koja se dešavala u prošlosti kada ju je neka druga prošla radnja prekinula (ta druga radnja je u Simple Past-u) Present Perfect Tense: • potvrdan oblik: HAVE/HAS + past participle glagola (-ED ili III kolona) We have worked You have worked They have worked 1. Were you reading? Were you reading? 3. TO BE + -ING oblik glagola 1.. He/She/It has worked • odričan oblik: glagola (-ED ili HAVE/HAS NOT (HAVEN’T/HASN’T) + past participle III kolona) We haven’t worked You haven’t worked 1. You have worked 3. He/She/It was reading They were reading • odričan oblik: odričan oblik gl. You didn’t work 3. Did I work? Did we work? 2. He/She/It didn’t work We didn’t work You didn’t work They didn’t work • upitan obilk: DID + subjekat + infinitiv glagola • • 1. TO BE + -ING oblik glagola 1. Did you work? Did you work? 3.1. Did he/she/it work? Did they work? priloške odredbe: yesterday. You were reading You were reading 3. You haven’t worked 4 . I was not reading We were not reading 2. za iskazivanje nekih istorijskih činjenica Simple Past Continuous: • potvrdan oblik: simple past gl. He/She/It was not reading They were not reading • upitan obilk: inverzijom pomoćnog glagola 1. I didn’t work 2. I was reading We were reading 2. You were not reading You were not reading 3. last week (month. I haven’t worked 2. day before yesterday. Was he/she/it reading? Were they reading? • koristi se da iskaže radnju (ili više radnji) koja je počela u prošlosti.

traje u trenutku govora i trajaće u budućnosti.) Past Perfect Tense: 5 . yet.3. Have I been working? Have we been working? 2. never koristi se za iskazivanje neke radnje koja se duže vreme odvijala u prošlosti. Have You been running?).. He/She/It hasn’t worked • upitan obilk: kolona) They haven’t worked HAVE/HAS + subjekat + past participle glagola (-ED ili III 1. Has he/she/it worked? Have they worked? • • priloške odredbe: since. for.. just. kada hoćemo da kažemo koliko dugo se neka radnja odvijala u prošlosti. recently. Have I worked? Have we worked? 2. Have you worked? Have you worked? 3. Have you been working? Have you been working? 3. always. I haven’t been working We haven’t been working 2. It's the first time Tom has been in hospital. You haven’t been working You haven’t been working 3. I have been working 2.) time. uz izraz This is (It's) the first (second. for. recently. lately.. za radnju koja se ponavljala tokom nekog perioda u prošlosti (npr. This is the most boring film I've ever seen.). ever. a čije posledice se osećaju u sadasnjosti (u trenutku govora). (npr. često se koristi sa superlativom (npr.) Present Perfect Continuous: • potvrdan oblik: HAVE/HAS BEEN + -ING oblik glagola We have been working You have been working They have been working 1. He/She/It has been working • odričan oblik: glagola HAVE/HAS NOT (HAVEN’T/HASN’T) BEEN + -ING oblik 1. lately. a njene posledice se osećaju u trenutku govora (npr. never koristi se za iskazivanje neke radnje koja se desila u prošlosti. I've been playing tennis since I was five. Has he/she/it been working? Have they been working? • • priloške odredbe: since. already. ever. He/She/It hasn’t been working They haven’t been working • upitan obilk: HAVE/HAS + subjekat + BEEN + -ING oblik glagola 1. za radnju koja je počela u prošlosti. already. yet. always. za radnju koja se nikada nije dogodila u prošlosti ili se nije desila počevši od nekog prošlog trenutka koji i dalje traje. You are out fo breath.. just. You have been working 3.

I will read 2. You will read 6 . He/She/It hadn’t worked They hadn’t worked • upitan obilk: HAD+ subjekat + past participle glagola (-ED ili III kolona) 1. He/She/It had been working • odričan oblik: HAD NOT (HADN’T) BEEN + -ING oblik glagola 1. Had I been working? Had we been working? 2. You hadn’t been working You hadn’t been working 3. He/She/It had worked • odričan oblik: kolona) HAD NOT (HADN’T) + past participle glagola (-ED ili III 1. I hadn’t worked We hadn’t worked 2. I had been working 2.• potvrdan oblik: HAD + past participle glagola (-ED ili III kolona) We had worked You had worked They had worked 1. koja se desila pre neke druge prošle radnje (ta druga prošla radnja je obično iskazana u Simple Past-u) Past Perfect Continuous: • potvrdan oblik: HAD BEEN + -ING oblik glagola We had been working You had been working They had been working 1. You hadn’t worked You hadn’t worked 3. koja je prekinuta nekom drugom prošlom radnjom (ta druga prošla radnja je obično iskazana u Simple Past-u) Future Tense: • potvrdan oblik: WILL + infinitiv glagola We will read You will read 1. I hadn’t been working We hadn’t been working 2. You had worked 3. You had been working 3. Had you been working? Had you been working? 3. Had he/she/it been working? Had they been working? • koristi se za iskazivanje trajanja prošle radnje. He/She/It hadn’t been working They hadn’t been working • upitan obilk: HAD + subjekat + BEEN + -ING oblik glagola 1. Had you worked? Had you worked? 3. I had worked 2. Had I worked? Had we worked? 2. Had he/she/it worked? Had they worked? • koristi se za iskazivanje prošle radnje.

7 . He/She/It will reads • odričan oblik: They will read WILL NOT (WON’T) + infinitiv glagola We won’t read You won’t read They won’t read 1. I’ll help you. kada molimo da neko uradi nešto za nas ili umesto nas (npr. He/She/It won’t read • upitan obilk: WILL + subjekat + infinitiv glagola Will we read? Will you read? Will they read? 1. odbijamo ili obećavamo da ćemo da uradimo nešto.3. I won’t read 2. kada nudimo da uradimo nekom nešto (npr. Will I read? 2. Will you shut the door.).). kada pristajemo. please. Will he/she/it read? • koristi se da bi se iskazalo da je nešto odlučeno u trenutku govora (npr. What would you like to drink? I’ll have lemonade. You won’t read 3. please?). kada se predviđaju budući događaji (You’ll pass the exam. Will you read? 3.).

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