Web Server
HTTP REQUEST Aspnet_isapi.dll Asp.dll Web.config Runtime Env



HTTP Handlers

Process Req



Inet_info.exe  identifies the request and submits the request to the aspnet_isapi.dll. Aspnet_isapi.dll  is a script engine which process the .aspx page Then the script engine will submit the request to the ASP.NET runtime env. After verifying all the security issues of both machine.config and web.config then an AppDomain will be defined for the request and after processing the request the response will be given to the client as HTTP response. Machine.Config  it is used to maintain the complete configuration details of all the web applications registered on to the web server of Web.Config  It is used to maintain the config details about a single web application. Where configuration details includes security,database connectivity,state management,trace details of the web application,,authentication and authorization of the applications and globalizations AppDomain:All windows appns run inside a process and these process own resources such as memory and kernel objects and the threads execute code loaded into a process.Process are protected from each other by the OS. All these appns are run on high isolation mode to work safely.The disadvantage of this is memory resources are blocked.So to achieve this in a single process all the applications should be made to run which is good to an extent but the draw back is if one crashes all other are effected. So in .net the code verification feature takes care that the code is safe to run. so each application runs its own application domain and therefore it is protected from other applications on the same machine so it ignores the process isolation specified on IIS. builds upon a extensible architecture known as HTTP runtime.This is responsible for handling the requests and sending the response.It is upto an individual handlers such as or web service to implement the work done on a request.IIS supports a low level API known as ISAPI. implements a similar concept with HTTP handlers.A request is assigned to from IIS then examines entries in the <httphandlers> section based on the extension of the request to determine which handler the request should be send to.

Flash.Net supports both client side and server side. . 2) Code Behind Technique when design part code is represented with in ASPX file and logic part code is represented with in dll file then it is called as code behind technique.Net is a technology which can be implemented using any dot net language such as VB. Security In ASP security is done by IIS or writing the code manually.Net is defined with built in security features such as  windows authentication  Forms Authentication  Passport Authentication  Custom Authentication More powerful data access ASP. Better session Management Session Management in ASP.ASP supports Client Side caching where as ASP. ASP Supports only In Page technique.ASP Up gradation of ASP to ASPX is not required it supports side by side execution and hence a request can be given from ASP to ASPX and vice versa.Net as its database connectivity model which will be implemented using the most Powerful OOP‟S languages like VB. Where as for ASP CUTE FTP is used for deploying manually we have to upload.It also supports enabling and disabling of session info within a web application. Web services It is a code which will be published on the web which can be used by any applications written using any language for an platform or device.C# etc and hence there is no requirement of HTML. A web page is in 2 parts 1} Designing part (HTML Content. DLL file is not a readable file so it is secured.Net and C# and hence the database access using ASPX pages will be very powerful.Features of ASPX.Net supports setup and deployment and hence the web app can be defined with a web set up project which can be easily deployed on to the web server. Simplified Form Validations ASP.Dreamweaver etc) 2} logic Part (sub programs and event procedures and it has also your database interaction) ASP.Net can be maintained using the database and as well cookieless sessions are also supports ADO and ADO. Simplified Programming Model ASP.Net supports 2 techniques for creating web page 1) In Page Technique when you place design part code and logic part code with in a single file called as ASPX then it is called as inPage Technique.JavaScript or VBScript to implement ASP. Better Performance As the ASPX pages are complier based the performance of the web application will be faster then the ASP pages (as they are interpreter based) Caching It is a process of maintaining the result or output of a web page temporarily for some period of time . Where as ASP.NET Simplified deployment ASP.Net provides validation controls using which any type of client side validations are performed without writing any code. and it has indexes limitations wrt interface Garbage collector.NET models models for database connectivity 5)Uses Data projects as its default 5) uses crystal reports reporting tool 6)Uses COM for language interoperability 7)Does not support multi threading 8)Uses DCOM to support distributed technology 9) Supports web tech. Note VB. No indexes in Vb. u have interfaces..No Unsigned Data Types 2.Unsigned Data Types 2. It Boosts the Differences between C#. Garbage Collector. 1. ADO object 4) supports ADO and ADO.Strongly Typed Lang.client side appns or server side appns can be designed using VB 6) Uses .It is not strongly typed OOPS Concept More concepts in C# Less Concepts here. 9)It does not support web technology.NET DATA TYPES remoting to support distributed tech.Automatic releasing of resources is not available. Operator Overloading Pointers Is available in C# Is not available in VB.The controls are accessible in the Page_Init assembly for language interoperability 7)Does support multithreading 8)Uses . Automatic releasing of resources is available.Net Auto XML Document.Net Page Life Cycle Events Page_Init This is fired when the page is initialized Page_Load This is fired when the page is loaded The difference between Page_Init and Page_load is that the controls are guaranteed to be fully loaded in the Page_load. & VB.NET VB.T cant be used to design Client Side / Server side appns but it can used as an implementing Lang for asp. RDO.Net Is available in C# Is not available in VB.You have to explicitly use dispose method Memory W.NET 1) It is an object based programming 1) It is an object oriented programming 2)Variables or member declarations 2)Here its mandatory are not mandatory 3)Uses Unstructured method for 3) Uses Unstructured / Structured methods handling exceptions for handling exception 4) Uses DAO.Difference Between VB 6.but .0 & VB.R. Is available in C# Is not available in VB.

so controls will have their default values. Control_Event This is fried if a control triggered the page to be reloaded (such as a button) Page_unload This is fired when the page is unloaded from the memory Types of Controls in ASP. In order to set or get the value from any standard control text property should be used. DayRender(Object.the ViewState is not loaded.e.eventArguements) – – – – – .Net HTML SERVER SYNTAX <INPUT TYPE=TEXT RUNAT=SERVER> WEBSERVER CONTROLS Standard List Controls Validation Data Controls bound  Radio Button Controls Controls label List Required Textbox  Check Box field Validator Data Grid Button List Range Data List Link Button Dropdown Validator Repeater Image Button List Compare Calendar List Box Validator AdRotator Regular Panel Expression Place Holder Validator Table Custom Literal Control Validator Radio Button Validation Check Box Summary XML Misc Controls Crystal Report Viewer control Common Syntax for any web server control <asp:controltype id=“name of the control” runat=“server” ------------------------------//additional properties ></asp:controltype> To close syntax is “ / “ . Eg: <asp:label id=“lb1” runat=“server” text=“user name”></asp:label> <asp:button id=“lb1” runat=“server” text=“Login” /> Calendar Control Usage: It is used to place the calendar on the webform Note: Place the calendar control and right click on it and select autoformat to provide a better look and feel for the control Calendar control can be considered as a collection of table cells Where every table cell will maintain the information about the days as a calendar day in the format of a link button control When ever the calendar days has to be customized based on the requirement of the user DAYRENDER event should be used. Every event handler in the dot net tech will accept two arguments 1st one being object and the 2nd one is eventArguements – I.rather than any values set during the postback.

day -> to refer calendar day In order to add a string value as a control to any other control “Literal Control” Should be used. DISCONNECTED MODEL Application Data View DataSet Database This is available in client system Data Adapter Connection Data Providers Disconnected Model  Connection  it is used to establish the physical connection between the application and the database  DataAdapter it is a collection of commands which acts like a bridge between the datastore and the dataset.DataMember]) .cell -> to refer table cell – e.DataMember]) Collection of all these commands is DataAdapter Fill(Dataset Name[.  Whenever an user executes any statement other than a select then command object can be binded directly to the application  If the user executes a select statement then dataReader is used to bind the result to the application.  Commands in DataAdapter  DataAdapter Select Command Table Mappings Insert Command Update Command Delete Command Update(Dataset Name[. ADO.– – Event Arguments of DayRender event will provide – e. Disconnected Oriented Model  When the user interacting with the db using this model then while performing the manipulations or navigations on the data connectivity between the application and the database is not required Note: When ever the data is been updated on to the database then the connectivity is required in the disconnected model.NET  CONNECTION ORIENTED MODEL  DISCONNECTED ORIENTED MODEL CONNECTION ORIENTED MODEL  Whenever an application uses the connection oriented model to interact with the db then the connectivity between the application and the database has to be maintained always.

– Dataset is also considered as a collection of datatables where a datatable can be considered as a DataMember.NET DISCONNECTED MODEL CONNECTION ORIENTED MODE L CONNECTION Used if the statement is select statement CONNECTION DATA ADAPTER COMMAND DATA SET DATA READER DATA VIEW UI UI Used if the data has to be filtered.filter the data or if the data has to be projected in the pagewise then the dataView should be used. ADO. – Dataset will not be aware of from where the data is coming from and where the data will be passed from it.  If the base table is not defined with a primary key then the commands relevant for update command and Delete command will not be defined.  DataSet is of 2 types  – Typed DataSet  when ever the dataset is defined with the support of XML schema definitions then it is said to be typed dataSet.  Whenever the dataAdapter is used then implicit opening and closing of connection of closing object will take place.  Usage  It is used to sort the data. In other words used to the update the database. Command  It is used to provide the source for executing the statement I. – If any manipulation are performed on the database it will not be reflected on to the database. Fill Method  It is used to fill the data retrieved by the select command of DataAdapter to the dataset.e it used to specify the command to be executed. sorted or if the data has to be projected in page-wise .DataAdapter  DataAdapter can always be binded to a single table at a time. DataView  It is logical representation of the data present in the datamember of dataSet. – UnTyped DataSet  if the dataset is defined without the XML Schema Definition then it is said to be UnTyped DataSet. Data Reader  It is a forward and read only record set which maintains the data retrieved by the select statement. DataSet  It is an in memory representation of the data in the format of XML at the client system.  Points to remember about DataSet: – It contains any no of datatables which may belong to the same or different databases also.  If the dataAdapter is defined using a tool or a control then all the commands for the adapter will be defined implicitly provided the base table with a primary key. Update Method  It is used to update the dataAdapter with the data present in the dataMember of the dataSet. – Dataset supports establishing the relationship between the datatables present in the dataset where the datatables might belong to different databases also.

To define DataSet  – Dim objectName as new DataSet() To define DataView  – Dim objectName as new DataView(datasetName.DataMemberName)      .data.database=database name.password=.connection object/Connection String]) To define DataReader  – Dim objectName as xxxDataReader To define DataAdapter  – Dim objectName as xxxDataAdapter(Select To define Command Object  – Dim objectName as new xxxCommand([SQL Statement.datasource=databaseName.Oledb or ODBC Provider Info – To connect to MS-Access 2000 above versions  •…….data.userid=sa.SqlClient ORACLE System.oledb.pwd=tiger.jet. • Note if oracle connection is used then provider= provider name is not required.datasource=servername • Note if SQL Connection is used then provider=providername is not required. – To Connect to ORACLE  • Provider = oracleoledb.ADO.OracleClient OleDB Providers System.1.Oledb OleDB Connection ODBC providers System.mdb – To connect to SQL-Server db  • Provider=sqloledb.1.datasource = servername • OR • Provider = msdaora.<Connection Object / Connection String>) – When ever the DataAdapter is defined using the above syntax then only the command relevant for the SelectCommand will be defined and in order to use the above commands they have to be build explicitly.ODBC ODBC Connection SQL Connection Oracle Connection Oracle Command SQL Command SQL Datareader OleDB Command ODBC Command Oracle DataReader OleDB Data Provider ODBC DataProvider SQL DataAdapter Oracle DataAdapter OleDB DataAdapter ODBC DataAdapter   Syntax to define the Object – Dim objectName as new xxxConnection(“ProviderInfo”) where xx  can be either SQL.NET SQL-SERVER

 They are:  – Forms Authentication – Windows Authentication – Passport Authentication – Custom Authentication FORMS Authentication  It is used to authenticate the user credentials for Internet and Intranet applications.  Note it is used to validate the users on the intranet environment.__ / * “ />  <deny users=“__.__.  Syntax to set the authentication <authentication mode=“Forms”> <forms loginUrl = “login.password)  RedirectFromLoginPage  It is used to redirect to the requested webform from the login page if the provided user credentials belongs to a valid user.  It is used to specify the authentication mode to be used by the ASP.  In order to support Forms Authentication in ASP.web.redirectFromLoginPage( provides various authentication methods to achieve security.  HashPasswordForStoringInConfigFileit is used to encrypt the data using either SHA1 or md5 hash  returns the name of the user who has currently logged file  – <authentication mode=“windows” /> .  In web.aspx”> <Credentials passwordFormat =“SHA1/MD5/Clear”> <User name =“_____” password=“____” /> _____________ _____________ any no of user information </credentials> </forms> </authentication> Authorization  It is used to allow or deny the users from accessing the webforms present in the web application. to specify the login page information and to specify the format of the password to be used for providing additional security and also it acts like a database which maintains the user credentials information.Net the Dot Net Framework provides a base class library called as “System.Net web application.config is a case sensitive contents.  <authorization>  <allow users=“__.identity.  Syntax  authenticate(username.__ / * ”/>  </authorization>  Note: the tags and the attributes present in the web.  Syntax  HashPasswordForStoringInConfigFile (original Text.”md5/sha1”)  SignOut  It is used to clear the session of the user which has been set the application  User.Formsauthentication” Methods to support Forms Authentication  Authenticate :It is used to authenticate if the provided information belongs to a valid user credentials or not.Security in ASP.NET  Asp.It returns True if user info is valid else returns false.booleanvalue)  If specified TRUE then the user info will be maintained as a permanent HTTP Cookie at the client system and if FALSE is specified then user info will be maintained temporarily till the browser is closed.  Syntax :. Windows Authentication  It is used to authenticate the user information based on the users registered on the network.

Session 5. STATE MANAGEMENT IN ASP.Application 7.---” / roleName /> <deny users/role = “DomainName/UserName. Page Submission 3.Query String 6.---” / roleName /> – </authorization> – Whenever the user who has been currently logged in is present in the allow users list then all the webforms can be accessed directly present in the web application. Cache .config file • <authentication mode =“passport”> – <passport redirectUrl =“internal /URL „ /> </authentication> Custom Authentication  It is used to Validate the user credentials as per the requirement of the application.This can be implemented in various ways 1.  To achieve this  – Install Microsoft Passport SDK – In web.  DigestAuthentication  it is a special authentication type used to authenticate the Domain server users. Types of Windows Authentication  Basic Authentication  if used as authentication type then the user credentials will be passed across the n/w in cleartext Format.View State [ Hidden field ] 2.Cookies 4. { OR } Web server maintaining client information with out any connectivity is called as state management .Else implicilty the webserver will project a dialog box to provide the user credentials and allow the user to access the webforms provided the information belongs to a valid user credentials. – Note if the OS is not a domain server then the Digest authentication type will be disabled in that system  NTLM authentication  it is a default authentication type used by the windows authentication where NTLM stands for Integrated Windows Authentication Steps to set the authentication Type  Start > RUN > inetmgr  Right click on default web site and select properties  Click on Directory Security tab  Click on the Edit button present in the anonymous access and authentication control  Check on the different authentication types to be used  To know the domain name of the system – [ In command prompt ] • C:\host Name – This gives the domain name Passport Authentication  If the same user credentials has to be maintained across multiple websites then passport authentication can be used.– <authorization> <allow users/role =“DomainName/UserName.NET • It is used to maintain the state of the user across multiple pages.

• 2} Page Level <%@ Pagedirective ….Enable viewstate=“true/false”> Note : when it comes to sensitive data it is not recommended to implement view state the sensitive data can be password. .value = value • To get or read the value from a cookie variable = request.cookies(“cookie name”).They are of 2 types: 1] Persistant Cookies ( Permanent Cookies ) 2] nonPersistant Cookies ( Temporary Cookies ) • 1] Persistant Cookies ( Permanent Cookies ) • When the cookie is stored on to the hard disk memory then it is called as persistant cookie. Usage : The main purpose of cookies will be storing perosonal information of the client. • 2] nonPersistant Cookies ( Temporary Cookies ) • When the cookie is stored with in the process memory of the browser then it is called temporary cookies. • If the cookie information is set by IE then that info. • The main advantage of view state will be 2 things • There is no programming required from the developer so less burden on the card of visits.value Points to remember about cookies • Cookies information will be always be stored at the client system only. • The problem with a view state is there will be more amount of data transfer between client and web server. • When you provide expires than the cookie will be considered as persistent. • The memory will not be allocated in the client system nor at in the webserver system. • Cookies can be of 2 types:• Client Side Cookies If the cookie information is set using Javascript / VbScript within an HTML page then it is said to be a client Side Cookies.txt” file.View State • It is the concept of persisting controls properties between requests under post back implementation. • The view state will be implemented based on hidden field. • Cookies information are browser dependent ie the values of the cookies set by one browser cant be read by other browser. etc.It will be maintained as the part of the web page itself.cookies(“cookie name”).session id.enable viewstate=“true/false” > • 3 }Application Level  It requires web config It will be applicable to all the web pages COOKIES • It is used to maintain the server side information at the client can be username. Will be maintained in the memory of the browser itself. • If the cookie information is set by Netscape Navigator then then information will be maintained in “Cookies. • Server Side CookiesIf the cookie information is set using server side technology then it is said to be server side cookies. • The view state can be controlled at the 3 levels  1 } Control Level  <Input = …. • When you go with password type textbox the view state will not be applicable implicitly.. { OR } A cookie can be defined as a small amount of memory used by the web server on the client system. Syntax • To set the cookies information Response.

net can be Cookies Based ( Default ) Cookieless It can be stored in database also (SQL Server) Syntax  To get session Info Session(“variable”) = value  To Read / Get value Variable = session(“variable”) Note: If the value assigned to the session variable is a character data then the info will be maintained in the contents collection of the session object If the value assigned to the session variable is an object then that information will be maintained in the static object collection of session object. A cookie can represent maximum of 4kb of data.Here timeout indicates from the last access of client request not from creation of cookies. Browsers has a capability to disable the usage of cookies within it. .cookies(“cookie name”). User can change cookie content (or) user can delete Text file. Differences between Session & Cookies Session Cookies It will be maintained in the web It will be maintained in the client server system.This Block of memory is called as session memory.” • note the default expiration time for the cookies is 30 min.expires = dateTime To secure the cookie information  response.Domain = DomainName To allow the different paths of the same domain to access the cookie information  response.So it is called as system.ASP.This memory will be unique to the client with the Time Out of 20 min by = booleanValue Session When client makes a first request to the application. The browser will support 20 cookies towards a single website . If we add 21st cookie then automatically the first cookie will be deleted. Limitations of sessions in ASP In ASP client info is maintained by the server using its sessionID irrespective of session object usage. Accessing would be faster. To set the expiration time for the cookie info  response. Sessions in ASP are always cookies based.Cookie can represent only plain text not an object but session memory has an object. So it is called as client server side management side state management. Session can represent objects Cookie can represent plain text More security for data Accessing will be slow Less security for runtime will create a block of memory to the client in the web server machine.• • • • • • • • • • There is no security for cookies information.Net Sessions in ASP. Enabling and disabling of sessions are not supported in ASP Sessions in ASP.cookies(“cookie name”). Note  if the browser disables the cookies in it and if any request for a web form which contains the usage of cookies then the request will not function properly.cookies(“cookie Name”).path = “/path….cookies(“cookie name”). To bind the cookie information to a specific domain  response.

By default session state for the application will be true and hence the contents of the session object can be used.config: <sessionState mode=“sqlserver” stateconnectionstring=“tcpid=127.sessionID should be used.timeout = minutes ( specify the min) {OR} In web. In the page directive I. In order to retrieve the sessionID of the client session. In order to maintain the session web page  Application object consists the following methods  1} Add (key.config: <sessionstate mode=“Inproc” cookieless=“false” timeout=“20” /> note: once the sessionstate is set to cookieless then the sessionInfo or the sessionID will be appended to the URL for each and every webform present in the web application.0.01:42424” sqlconnectionstring= “______(completepath”) cookieless=“false” timeout=“20” /> In order to clear the session variable present in the session object contents collection then “session. Application  It is used to maintain the state of all the users accessing the web applications.first request comes to the application web server will allocate a block of memory this is called as application memory.contents. On the SQL server database then in web.Remove(key) 3. Add(key.remove(“sessionvariable”)” In order to clear all the items present in the contents collection then “session.  Application object can be used to access application memory from asp.value) where key  String and value  object 2.TimeOut Points to remember about Session The default session timeout is 20mins To set the session timeout session.contents.Abandon()  to close the session 4. To define a session as cookie-less then in web.e go to the HTML view and in that page directive at the start of the page make the enable session state as = web page.  When the first client.SessionId 5. In order to kill the session of the user then “session.removeall()” should be used. To disable the session information for a specific webform then enablesessionstate=“false” should be set for the page. In order to disable the session object usage in the web form then “enable session state” attribute of the page directive should be set as false. The following are the methods  1. Syntax  <% @ page language =“vb” enablesessionstate=“false”…….value) {or} Application(“var”) = value 2} Remove(key) 3} lock() .%> Session Object Session Object  this object can be used to access session memory from asp.config we have tag available for session <sessionstate mode=“Inproc” cookieless=“false” timeout =“minutes” /> Note : the default sessionstate uses cookies for maintaining the data or info.abandon()” method should be used.  The application memory will not have any life time.

To set: Application (“variable”) = value To read: variable = application(“variable”) ProblemIf the application object is not maintained properly then it will result in Data Inconsistency. • Where as ASP.In this aspect more then one thread can manipulate application memory data. Caching • It is used to maintain the result of the webform temporarily for a specific period of time. • ASP supports client side caching.  In order to work with the application and the session objects and to handle the events in a proper manner “global. When ever the application variables are used in the webform then it is mandatory to Lock the application contents.  Session_End  the code written in this event will be executed whenever the session of the user ends  Application_End  the code written in this event will be executed whenever the web application is closed. Synchronisation is nothing but allowing user one at a particular time.  Application_Start  the code written in this event will be executed only once whenever the application has been encountered with the first request  Session_Start  the code written in this event will be executed when ever a new session for the user starts.lock() method is encountered while processing the webform then all the other requests which uses the application contents will not be blocked till the webform processing is completed. . Lock is used to allow only one client at a particular time. supports both client side caching and server side caching.webserver will allocate equal processor time to all the threads.getLastError()” should be used.this may lead to improper result to avoid this it is recommended for synchronisation of threads.  Application_BeginRequest  the code written in this event will be fired when ever any webform present in the webapplication is loaded.  Application_error  the code written in this event will be executed when ever any error or exceptions occurs at webforms present in the web application. The synchronisation of threads can be implemented using lock and unlock methods. Each client requests to the webserver is considered as thread.          4} unLock() note  the lock and unlock are not available in session.asax” file should be used.  Application_Authenticate  the code written in this event will be executed when even the authentication takes place.but available in application .Lock() If application. To do: Application.asax  It‟s a collection of events where the code written in those events will be executed implicitly whenever the relevant event takes place. Note  in order to get the last error which has been generated on the webform “server.

{example 1} • Page Fragmentation Cache  It is used to maintain only a partial page contents as a cache contents on the web server • To achieve this Page Fragmentation   Define a web custom control  Set the cache for the custom control  use the web custom control on the web form. Server Side Caching • then it is said to be server side caching. Types – Server side caching • 1~~~> Page – Output Cache • 2 ~~~> Page – Fragmentation (Partial) Cache • 3 ~~~> Data Cache.Client Side Caching • If the cache page is maintained at the client side it is said client side .cachecontrol = public Advantage : only the people who are connected in the network they will be getting the page faster. Web server Server C1 C2 C3 Proxy Server Cache page Gateway Modem ISP • • To Set this : Response. 2} The no of clicks for the webform present in the web application should be more. Web User Control • Web User Control  It is used to design a web control which can be used by an webforms of ASP. • To Set <% @ outputcache duration=“seconds” varybyparam=“none/controlName/VariableName” %> • VaryByParam  it is used to set an individual cache page for every distinct value assigned for the control or the variable assigned to the varybyparam. Page – Output cache when ever the complete result of the webform or the o/p of the webform is maintained as a cache page at the webserver then it is said to be a page-output cache. • Points to remember • Caching should be used if and only if the following properties are satisfied 1} The contents of the webform should not be modified at least for a specific period of time.

. Tracing  It is used to trace the flow of the application.  Trace. 2nd method  1} register the web user control as a tag prefix in the webform: for eg : <% @ register tagprefix = “UC1” tagname=“webusercontrol” src=“webusercontrol2. • Note: once the data is been set as a cache then if the data is modified or manipulated at the database level there wont be any reflection at the data present in the cache./> Methods to support tracing  Trace.  To set application level tracing  in web.where the object can be dataset.  To set page level trace info in page directive tag : <% @ pagelanguage=“vb” trace=“true” %> .  Page level tracing  if used then only specific web form the trace details will be set.• • • • To design  Project  Add web user control To use the web user control on the web form  1st method  select the name of the web user control file in the solution explorer and then drag drop that file on to the web form.  It is of 2 types   Application level tracing  If this is used then for all the webforms present in the web application the trace details or information will be provided.write  It is used to write the data on to the trace information.warn  it is used to write the data on to the trace information using red as its fore color such that the information will be highlighted at the trace info section.datview or datareader.  Note  if the application level and page level tracing information is set then the preference will be given to the page level tracing only.config  <trace enabled=“true” requestlimit=“10” pageoutput=“true”….aspx” %> 2} place the web user control as a normal control on the webform <uci:webusercontrol2 id=“wuc2” runat=“server” /> Data Cache • It is used to maintain the data present in an object as a cache information .

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