This article is about the cycad sago palm.

For the true sago palm, see Metroxylon sagu. Cycas revoluta

Leaves and male cone of Cycas revoluta

Conservation status

Near Threatened (IUCN 3.1)[1] Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Division: Cycadophyta Class: Cycadopsida Order: Cycadales Family: Cycadaceae Genus: Cycas Species: C. revoluta Binomial name Cycas revoluta

Cycas revoluta (the sago cycad), is a plant native to southern Japan. Though often known by the common name of king sago palm, or just sago palm, it is not a palm at all, but a cycad.

1 in) long and have strongly recurved or revolute edges. Cycas revoluta The leaves are a deep semiglossy green and about 50–150 cm (20–59 in) long when the plants are of a reproductive age. narrow leaflets are 8–18 cm (3. but lengthens above ground with age. The crowded.Contents [hide]       1 Description 2 Cultivation and Uses 3 Toxicity 4 Notes 5 References 6 External links [edit] Description This very symmetrical plant supports a crown of shiny. As with other cycads. [edit] Cultivation and Uses . however. stiff. The trunk is very low to subterranean in young plants.1–7. The petiole or stems of the Sago Cycad are 6–10 cm (2.4–3. with the males bearing cones and the females bearing groups of megasporophylls. Trunks can branch multiple times.9 in) in diameter. It can grow into very old specimens with 6–7 m (over 20 feet) of trunk. The basal leaflets become more like spines. Pollination can be done naturally by insects or artificially. dark green leaves on a thick shaggy trunk that is typically about 20 cm (7.3 ft) in diameter. it is dioecious. thus producing multiple heads of leaves.9 in) long and have small protective barbs that must be avoided. sometimes wider. Propagation of Cycas revoluta is either by seed or by removal of basal offsets. They grow out into a feather-like rosette to 1 m (3. the plant is very slow-growing and requires about 50–100 years to achieve this height.

even where winter temperatures are not too cold. liver failure. [edit] Toxicity Cycad Sago Palm is extremely poisonous to animals (this includes humans) if ingested. preferably with some organic matter. both are in zone 7b. making outdoor growing impossible in colder places such as northern Europe or the Northeast US. Frost damage can occur at temperatures below −10 °C (14 °F) and there are several healthy plants that have been grown with little protection as far north as Nashville. The incidence of Sago Palm ingestion by pets has risen by over 200% in the last five years. Tennessee and Newport News. and ascites. It is also quite popular as a bonsai plant. but it usually will flush (or grow) several new leaves by April. It does however require hot summers with mean temperatures of 30 to 35 °C (86 to 95 °F) for successful growth. a neurotoxic amino acid. have nose bleeds (epistaxis). It is seen in almost all botanical gardens.[5] Other toxins include Beta-methylamino L-alanine. and hemarthrosis (blood in the joints). the Sago Palm is the most popular in horticulture. revoluta usually defoliates in this temperate climate. The pet may appear bruised.[4] If any quantity of the plant is ingested. provided the ground is dry. but needs bright light when grown indoors. however. cirrhosis. Effects of ingestion can include permanent internal damage and death. it is native to various areas of southern Japan and is thus tolerant of mild to somewhat cold temperatures. leads to liver failure. hematochezia (bloody straining). and an unidentified toxin which has been observed to cause hindlimb paralysis in cattle. It is fairly droughttolerant and grows well in full sun or outdoor shade. C. Cycasin causes gastrointestinal irritation. Pets are at particular risk since they seem to find the plant very palatable. Virginia. it is heavily promoted commercially as a landscape plant. or hepatotoxicity characterized by icterus. or under glass in colder areas. a poison control center or doctor should be contacted immediately. grown outdoors in warm temperate and subtropical regions. weakness. One disadvantage of its domestic use is that it is poisonous to animals (this includes humans). well-drained soil. the seeds contain the highest level of the toxin cycasin. All parts of the plant are toxic.[3] The ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center estimates a fatality rate of 50 to 75 percent when ingestion of the Sago Palm is involved. The leaves can bleach somewhat if moved from indoors to full sun outdoors. melena (blood in the stool). diarrhea. It grows best in sandy.[2] Clinical symptoms of ingestion will develop within 12 hours and may include vomiting. and in high enough doses. First described in the late 18th century. It needs good drainage or it will rot. in both temperate and tropical locations. In many areas of the world.[6]  female reproductive structure .Cycas revoluta is one of the most widely cultivated cycads. Of all the cycads. seizures.

    new leaves    .

 Young plant  Seeds  Seedling  Cycas revoluta   .

Susan (2009). ^ "Trouble in Paradise: Sago Palm" (Press release). Please improve this article by introducing more precise citations. 2. Naturwissenschaften.PMID 12216856 . toxins. 5. 2002 Jul. 2008-07-16. Cycas revoluta.iucnredlist. ^ Suspected cycad (Cycas revoluta) intoxication in dogs.| J S Afr Vet Assoc | 1991 3. ASPCA. Knight MW. Review. "Cycas Revoluta: The Sago Palm. Wink IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. or Cycad Toxicity". Retrieved on 11 May 2006. 2006. herbivores and insect pollinators. related reading or external Sporer F. Cycas revoluta by Phil Bergman Cycads: their evolution.89(7):281-94. Critterology. Hany Youssef| Veterinary Medicine | May 1. ^ Hill (2003).  [edit] Notes Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Cycas revoluta Wikispecies has information related to: Cycas revoluta 1. ^ Muller-Esneault. ^ Selected poisonous plant concerns small animals. et al. but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. (April 2009)     The Cycad Pages: Cycas revoluta Sago Palm: University of Arizona Pima County Cooperative Extension The Sago Palm. 4. Botha CJ. 2008 | [1] [edit] References This article includes a list of references. www. Dorman DC | Vet Med | 1997 | 92(3):260-272 6. Swan GE. Naude TW. Schneider D. ^ Toxicology Brief: Cycad toxicosis in dogs. Lounibos P.

89(7):281-94. Review.PMID 12216856 . herbivores and insect pollinators. 2002 Jul. Wink M. Schneider D. toxins. Lounibos P.• Cycads: their evolution. Sporer F. Naturwissenschaften.

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