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ProENGINEER Tutorials

John Lee 2008

Session Four
Creating organic' forms : Moisturiser Bottle
. Aim of the session: In this session you will be shown how to use the variable section sweep tool and the Warp feature in Pro/ENGINEER to create more complex 3D forms. The variable section sweep tool is a powerful sketch based feature that allows you to create a number of control curves along which a simple cross sectional profile is swept to create a complex 3D form. The Warp feature is a powerful and flexible way of distorting models inside Pro/ENGINEER. It is made up of 7 different tools that can be used individually or combined to provide very complex distortions. In this tutorial, you will be introduced to the basic principles. You will find more in depth detail on both techniques in the Pro/ENGINEER Resource Centre at the following URL /proengineer/index.htm

Learning objectives: By the end of this session you should: Be aware of: how Pro/ENGINEER can be used to design and manipulate more complex organic 3D forms Understand: how to prepare sketches to produce a swept profile how to insert a warp feature Be able to: use the Sweep Profile and Warp tools in Pro/ENGINEER. construct and edit more complex 3D forms

Creating the basic bottle shape

1.0 Setting the Working Directory
Your first task is to set a new working directory for the Moisturiser Bottle project - left click on File menu and left click to select Set Working Directory. In the Select Working Directory dialogue box that opens, browse to your own folder within the ProENGINEER_TRAINING folder.

Left click on the New Directory icon at the top of the dialogue box. Create and name the new directory, 'Moisturiser Bottle. Left click everything you now design to do with the Moisturiser Bottle will be saved to this location. Left click the File menu and select New.

The New dialogue box will open - left click Part and create a name for the new part, in this case 'BOTTLEBODY'

ProENGINEER Tutorials

John Lee 2008

2.0 Selecting the datum plane for your sketch

2.1 Left click the Sketch tool You now need to define the datum plane on which you want to sketch. Left click on the Front Datum plane - the Sketch dialogue box will open at the top RH corner of the screen. The default settings will be Sketch Plane - Front Reference Plane - Right

Left click on Sketch to accept these settings.

The Front plane will re-orientate to fill the screen and is now ready for you to sketch on as shown above.

3.0 Defining length and direction of swept profile

Your first task is to sketch a line to define the direction and length of the variable section sweep.

3.1 left click to select the straight line tool and create a vertical straight line left click to finish drawing the line and middle click to exit the tool. Modify dimension to 185.00 as shown on right. Middle click to accept the dimension and left click to exit Sketcher

ProENGINEER Tutorials

John Lee 2008

4.0 Creating the first set of control curves for the sweep
The variable section sweep works by sweeping a cross section sketch along a series of control curves. (shown in red below)

4.1 You are now going to create the first pair of control curves left click on the sketch icon and select the Front Datum plane 4.2 Adding a Construction line Before you draw the rectangle, it is useful to add a construction line to help you to construct the control curves. First, left click and add a horizontal straight line left click to finish sketching, middle click to exit Line tool Now, with the line still selected (ie. highlighted red) right click on and select Construction from the pull down menu. The line should change to chain dot which means it will not be an active part of the sketch, but can be used as a construction guide.

4.3 Now left click to select the 3 point arc tool and sketch a curve between the TOP datum plane and the construction line as shown on below. Left click to start the curve left click to place the second point and drag the mouse to create an approximate curve. Left click to fix the curve middle click to exit the curve tool Now modify the dimensions to match those shown in bold on the sketch.

4.4 The next task is to mirror this sketch - to do this, left click to select the Centreline tool and place a vertical centre line in line with the RIGHT datum plane. Left click the curve to select it (it should turn red) and then left click the Mirror tool. to select

Left click the centreline a mirrored copy of the curve should appear - as shown on left. Left click in the Sketcher toolbar to complete the 2D sketch.

ProENGINEER Tutorials

John Lee 2008

5.0 Creating the second set of control curves

You are now ready to sketch the second set of control curves. 5.1 Tumble the sketch until you can see the RIGHT datum plane as shown on right. Left click and select the RIGHT datum plane as the location for your sketch.

5.2 Left click and sketch a vertical line Just as before in Section 4.0, you need to convert this to a construction line and dimension it as shown on the left. Now sketch two control curves using the same techniques as in the previous section to create the second by mirroring the first but this time, make them straight lines, dimensioned as shown below.

Left click in the Sketcher toolbar to complete the 2D sketch.

You have now completed the control curves and are ready to create the variable sweep profile.

6.0 Creating the variable sweep feature

6.1 Left click to select the variable sweep profile tool. Left click on the 'direction' line - it should thicken and turn red - and you should see an arrow indicating the direction of the sweep. Now hold down the Ctrl key and left click each of the four control curves to select them as shown below.

ProENGINEER Tutorials

John Lee 2008

6.2 In the Dashboard that has now appeared at the LH foot of the screen

Check that Sweep as solid is selected Left click on Create or edit sweep section

6.3 The screen will rotate to show an end view of the sweep and the Sketcher tool bar will open in readiness for you to sketch the cross section of the bottle. Left click on the Circle tool and select the Ellipse sketching tool from the flyout menu.

6.4 Sketch an ellipse making sure that it intersects each of the four crosses .that denote the end of the control curves

6.5 Left click in the Sketcher toolbar to complete the 2D profile - your swept profile should now appear looking like the model on the left.

ProENGINEER Tutorials

John Lee 2008

Creating the neck features

7.0 You will now use further 3D features to add the neck detail to the basic bottle shape.
7.1 Place a new sketch on the FRONT datum plane Use the Create Arc tool shape of the neck cutaway. to define the

(Please note that by this stage of the course these tutorial notes will assume a familiarity with some of the basic procedures in Pro/ENGINEER. If you unsure of a procedure, for example, 'creating an extrusion', please revisit an earlier example of its' use)

Use the Straight Line tool to complete the closed sketch as shown on the right.

7.2 Select the Extrude tool and set the controls in the Dashboard to remove material either side of the FRONT datum plane as shown below.

7.3 Your model should now have a body shape similar to the one shown below.

8.0 Building up the neck shape

8.1 Tumble the model and create an Extrude feature based on an Ellipse sketch placed on the TOP datum plane.

ProENGINEER Tutorials

John Lee 2008

9.0 Adding a taper (or 'draft') to the neck shape

To define a draft, you first need to select the surface on which you want to apply the draft, and then specify a hinge plane, a draft direction, and a draft angle.

9.1 Left click

to select the Draft tool.

9.2 The Draft dashboard opens at the bottom of the screen.

9.3 Working from left to right, left click on References. Left click in the Draft Surfaces box and select the vertical surface of the bottle neck extrusion as shown in the model on the right. 9.4 Now left click in the first box and select the top surface of the bottle.

This is the hinge reference or the surface from which the draft angle will start. The surface is highlighted, and the draft angle handles appear. The yellow draft direction arrow should be pointing into the solid of the bottle (if not, left click 'Pull direction' change it) to

You can either use the white drag handle - or enter a numerical value in the angle box of 4.0 degrees to complete the draft. Left click to preview the finished

draft, or click the Apply icon to accept the feature and return to the work area.

10.0 Adding the neck

10.1 Tumble the model and create an Extrude feature based on an CIRCLE sketch placed on the TOP datum plane. The circle should be 24mm diameter and the extrusion 12.00mm high.

Now would be a good time to add Round feature to selected edges!

ProENGINEER Tutorials

John Lee 2008

11.0 Shelling the solid

You are now ready to shell out the bottle to represent the 'blow moulded' shape.

11.1 Left click to select the Shell tool, and left click on the top surface of the neck extrusion to select it (it should turn red)

11.2 In the Shell Dashboard, alter the thickness to 1.00mm

11.3 Left click to apply the changes. Your model should now look like the one on the right.

Inserting a Warp feature

If you look closely at most of the larger plastic bottles designed to dispense moisturiser or shampoo, they have an indentation on one side to assist in squeezing out the contents. 12.0 The next task is to insert a Warp feature in this case using Sculpt to generate the shape of this indent. 12.1 Left click on the Insert pull down menu and left click on Warp to select it. The Warp Dashboard will appear at the foot of the screen on the LH side.


The first task is to select the

ProENGINEER Tutorials

John Lee 2008

geometry that you would like to warp Left click anywhere on the side face of the bottle this will be selected as the solid geometry and will appear in the Dashboard panel under Geometry. 12.3 Now you need to choose a direction for the warp feature. To do this, left click in the box marked Direction and left click on the FRONT datum plane to select it. This means that you are going to insert the warp along the length of the bottle parallel to the FRONT datum plane. The bottle will turn yellow to indicate that it has been selected and the Warp dashboard will open at the foot of the screen.

12.4 For the indentation you are going to use the Sculpt tool left click on it to select it. A grid of rectangles will now appear over the model. Left click on Apply to one side... and increase the rows and columns to 5 and 6

12.5 You can now sculpt the model by selecting the intersections or lines (hold down Ctrl to group them if necessary) and dragging them to a new position. Try it out youve always got the Undo feature !

ProENGINEER Tutorials

John Lee 2008

Your bottle should now have a realistic organic form that would be difficult to achieve by any other means.

Further tasks .......

13.0 The bottle neck has additional details designed to allow the cap to be clipped on and off. The image on the right shows the details. Can you add them to your model? 14.0 Rendering the bottle and applying the decal all add to its realism. This will be covered in the class demo.