Pick only one correct answer and write A, B, C or D on the answer script provided.

Q1. These are hydraulic structures;
A. Spillway
B. Energy dissipater
C. Weir
D. All the above
Q2. The most common energy dissipater structure is
A. Sheet pile
B. Floor beam
C. Stilling basin
D. Door jam
Q3. A rectangular weir has both its vertical side contracted. What is the value of n ?
A. 3
B. 2
C. 1
D. 0
Q4. Before an open channel flow is either uniform or non-uniform it must first be
A. Turbulent
B. Wavy
C. Unpredicted
D. Steady
Q5. Steady non-uniform flow is also known as
A. Viscous flow
B. Varied flows
C. Smooth flow
D. None of the above
Q6. To determine flow rate in open channel using the Manning equation you don’t need
to know
A. Perimeter length of the whole channel
B. Cross section area of the water in the channel
C. Wetted perimeter on the channel
D. Hydraulic radius of the channel
Q7. Inorder flow in open channel to be laminar the Reynold No. Re must be
A. 12,500
B. 10,000
C. 300
D. 20,000
Q8. Critical flow in open channel occurs when Froude No. Fr is
A. 20
B. 0.05
C. 300
D. 1
Q9. An example of a rapid varied flow is
A. Hydraulic radius
B. Hydraulic grade
C. Hydraulic jump
D. Hydraulic pump
Q10. Prismatic channel cross section can be
A. Trapezoidal
B. Rectangular
C. Triangular
D. All of the above

Q11. Method use to estimate normal depth y
o
in a uniform flow in an open channel does
not include;
A. Trial and error method
B. Graphical method
C. Simpson method
D. Chart method
Q12. In labelling prismatic channel A is used for cross section area, y is used for depth, T
is used for top width, B is used for bed width, WP is for wetted perimeter, R is for
hydraulic radius, z is used for
A. Channel bed slope
B. Water surface slope
C. Energy grade slope
D. Channel cross section banks side slope
Q13. A circular conduit pipe can also be an open channel when
A. Partially filled and pressure at the water surface is atmospheric pressure
B. Fully filled and pressure in it is above atmospheric pressure
C. Fully filled and zero flow
D. None of the above
Q14. Calculate the cross section factor for critical flow Z
c
for a trapezoidal channel bed
width B= 8 m, side slope z= 2 and flow rate Q= 34.014 m
3
/s. Given gravity g= 9.81 m/s
2
and a= 1
A. 10.86 m
5/2
B. 5.43 m
5/2
C. 10.86 m
3
D. 5.34 m
5/2

Q15. Referring to question Q14. What is the equation for area A
c
A. 12y
c
+4y
c
2
B. 12y
c
-4y
c
2
C. 8y
c
+2y
c
2
D. 8y
c
-4y
c
2
Q16. Referring to question Q14. What is the equation for area T
c
A. 12y
c
+4y
c
2
B. 12y
c
-4y
c
2
C. 8y
c
+2y
c
2
D. 8+4y
c
Q17. Referring to question Q14. By using trial and error calculate the critical depth y
c

A. 1.112 m
B. 0.855
C. 0.535
D. 0.235
Q18. A discharge of Q=16.0 m
3
/s flows with a depth of y=2.0 m in a rectangular channel
of B= T=4.0 m wide. Determine the state of flow based on Froude number. Given D=
A/T
A. Super critical
B. Critical
C. Sub critical
D. None of the above
Q19. Calculate the specific energy E when water flow Q = 7.0 m
3
/s in the trapezoidal
channel with B = 3.0 m and z = 2 if depth of flow is y = 2.0 m.
A. 20.01 m
B. 2.01 m
C. 0.201 m
D. 0.020 m
Q20. Referring to question Q19. What is the area A ?
A. 7
B. 9.81
C. 3
D. 14 m
2
Q21. Depth y is plotted against specific energy E while flow Q is kept constant. The
value of E will be the most minimum when
A. dE/dy= 3.0
B. dE/dy= 4.0
C. dE/dy= 0.0
D. dE/dy= 1.0
Q22. Which of these is not a type of pump
A. Centrifugal
B. Rotary
C. Positive displacement
D. Spillway
Q23.
1
]
1

¸


,
_

¸
¸
+ 1 8 1
2
1
2
1
Fr
equals to
A.
2 1
y y
B.
1
2
y
y
C.
2
1
y
y
D.
1 2
y y −
Q24.
( )
3
2 1
1 2
4 y y
y y −
is the
A. The change in channel bed slope
B. The change in the hydraulic gradient
C. The change in specific energy in a hydraulic jump
D. The change channel dimension
Q25. For gradually varied flow GVF the channel slope can be classify into how many
type of slopes
A. 5
B. 3
C. 4
D. 2
Q26. For gradually varied flow GVF the location of water level for every flow is divided
into how many zones
A. 5
B. 3
C. 4
D. 2
Q27. If the water flowing level depth y is above y
o
and y
c
>y
o
what is the profile type ?
A. M3
B. M1
C. M2
D. S1
Q28. Which of these methods for determining water level profile of a gradually varied
flow GVF ?
A. Direct step method
B. Direct integration
C. Numerical integration
D. All the above
Q29. Which is true about pressure head H and flow discharge Q for two pumps
connected in series ?
A. H
total
= H
1
+H
2
B. H
total
= H
1
=H
2
C. Q
total
= Q
1
=Q
2
D. A and C
Q30. Which is the equation to calculate output power for a pump ?
A. γHQ
B. ρgHQ
C. ργHQ
D. A and B

5. z is used for A. Triangular D.014 m3/s. Energy grade slope D.81 m/s2 and a= 1 A. Channel bed slope B. T is used for top width. Fully filled and zero flow D. 10. Method use to estimate normal depth yo in a uniform flow in an open channel does not include. 300 D. Graphical method C. 5. In labelling prismatic channel A is used for cross section area. Hydraulic grade C. None of the above Q14. Simpson method D. 20 B. 0. A circular conduit pipe can also be an open channel when A. R is for hydraulic radius. Trapezoidal B. B is used for bed width. Water surface slope C. y is used for depth. 1 Q9.05 C.43 m5/2 C. WP is for wetted perimeter. Channel cross section banks side slope Q13. Hydraulic jump D.Q8.86 m5/2 B. side slope z= 2 and flow rate Q= 34. Fully filled and pressure in it is above atmospheric pressure C. Trial and error method B.86 m3 D. All of the above Q11. Fr is A. Hydraulic pump Q10. Calculate the cross section factor for critical flow Zc for a trapezoidal channel bed width B= 8 m. Hydraulic radius B. An example of a rapid varied flow is A. Critical flow in open channel occurs when Froude No. Prismatic channel cross section can be A. Partially filled and pressure at the water surface is atmospheric pressure B.34 m5/2 . Rectangular C. Chart method Q12. Given gravity g= 9. 10. A.

None of the above Q19. 8yc-4yc2 Q16. 12yc-4yc2 C.235 Q18.201 m D. Depth y is plotted against specific energy E while flow Q is kept constant. Referring to question Q19. 2. What is the equation for area Ac A. 1. 3 D. dE/dy= 3. 0. dE/dy= 4.0 C. 8+4yc Q17. 12yc+4yc2 B.0 m.535 D.0 m3/s in the trapezoidal channel with B = 3.01 m B. 8yc+2yc2 D. 0.020 m Q20.Q15. A.0 m and z = 2 if depth of flow is y = 2. Critical C. 0. Given D= A/T A. 8yc+2yc2 D. 12yc-4yc2 C. 7 B.0 B.81 C. 9. By using trial and error calculate the critical depth yc A. The value of E will be the most minimum when A. Sub critical D.112 m B.0 . Referring to question Q14. dE/dy= 0.0 m wide. 12yc+4yc2 B.01 m C.0 D. dE/dy= 1. 14 m2 Q21.855 C. Referring to question Q14. 20.0 m in a rectangular channel of B= T=4. What is the equation for area Tc A. What is the area A ? A. A discharge of Q=16. Referring to question Q14. 0.0 m3/s flows with a depth of y=2. Calculate the specific energy E when water flow Q = 7. 0. Super critical B. Determine the state of flow based on Froude number.

3 C. 3 C. 2 Q27. 5 B. C. D. Centrifugal B. is the The change in channel bed slope The change in the hydraulic gradient The change in specific energy in a hydraulic jump The change channel dimension Q25. Rotary C. D. M2 D.Q22. Which of these methods for determining water level profile of a gradually varied flow GVF ? . 2 Q26. For gradually varied flow GVF the channel slope can be classify into how many type of slopes A. Which of these is not a type of pump A. Positive displacement D. If the water flowing level depth y is above yo and yc>yo what is the profile type ? A. ( y2 − y1 ) 3 4 y1 y2 A. B. y2 B. S1 Q28. y2 − y1 Q24. M3 B. M1 C. 4 D. 5 B. 1  2  1 + 8 Fr1  −1 equals to      2 y1 y2 A. For gradually varied flow GVF the location of water level for every flow is divided into how many zones A. Spillway Q23. 4 D. y2 y1 y1 C.

ργHQ D. Which is the equation to calculate output power for a pump ? A. Htotal= H1+H2 B. A and B . D. γHQ B. Direct step method Direct integration Numerical integration All the above Q29.A. B. A and C Q30. Htotal= H1=H2 C. Qtotal= Q1=Q2 D. Which is true about pressure head H and flow discharge Q for two pumps connected in series ? A. C. ρgHQ C.

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