# Chemical formulae and Equations 1. Calculate the number of atoms in a) 0.

5 mol of carbon

b) 1.2 mol of oxygen gas

c) 3.2 mol of carbon dioxide gas

2. A sample contains 6.02 X 1025 molecules of water. How many moles of water in the sample?

3. Find the number of mole of hydrogen gas containing a) 3.01 X 1024 hydrogen molecules

b) 6.02 X 1023 hydrogen atoms

4. A beaker contains 0.1 mol of zinc chloride a) Calculate the number of moles of chloride ions in the beaker

b) Find total number of ions in the beaker

5. A container contains 1.806 X 1023 of oxygen molecules. A sample of 0.5 mol of oxygen gas is added
to the container. How many molecules are in the container?

6. How many calcium ions are there in a serving of cereal that contains 0.007 mol of calcium ions?

7. Given 1 mol of hydrogen gas and 0.7 mol of sulphur dioxide, which one has more atoms?

8. Calculate the mass in gram, of each of the following a) 0.3 mol aluminium

1

CO(NH2)2. Find the molar mass of the gas. Calculate the volume of following gases at room temperature.02 X 1024 nitrogen molecules 9. Given that its molar mass is 60g mol-1. 12. a) 0. Calculate the percentage composition by mass of nitrogen in urea.12 dm3 of hydrogen gas and 1.0g at room temperature.3 mol of oxygen gas b) 18. The empirical formula of ethanoic acid is CH2O.b) 2 mol sodium nitrate c) 6. Hydrogen peroxide decomposes to form water and oxygen gas.12 dm3 of oxygen gas are mixed together in a close container.5 g of glucose 10. 1.6 g of water b) 1. Find the molecular formula 15.806 X 1023 molecules of ammonia 11. 3 dm3 of unknown gas has a mass of 6. 2 . How many moles of atoms or molecules are there in a) 5. 14.25 g of hydrogen chloride c) 1. What is the total mass of the gases in the container? 13. Calculate the volume of oxygen can be obtained from the decomposition 34g of hydrogen peroxide.

16.. Balance the equation …………………………………………………………………………………………………. 18. Calculate the mass of barium sulphate formed when 1 mol sodium sulphate reacted with 1 mol of barium chloride. c. …………………………………………………………………………………………………… EMPERICAL AND MOLECULAR FORMULAE. The following reaction is not balance. carbon dioxide and hydrogen gas. 16 g of copper (II) oxide is reacted with excess methane to form copper. Find the mass of copper that is produced. Identify the reactants and the products of the reaction. …………………………………………………………………………………………………… d. Ag2CO3 Ag + CO2 + O2 Find the mass of silver carbonate is required to produce 10 g of silver. …………………………………………………………………………………………………. 17. …………………………………………………………………………………………………. 3 . Na2SO4 + BaCl2 Ba2SO4 + NaCl a.. Calculate the number of moles of sodium sulphate that react completely with 2. b.. Balance the equation below.08g of BaCl2.

12 dm3 at standard temperature and pressure. Chemical analysis of the compound shows that nicotine contains 74. 1 . Determine the empirical formula of boric acid 8. 12. Determine the empirical formula for the compound. 1 mol gas occupies a volume of 22. A gaseous hydrocarbon X contains 65. 7. b) Determine the relative molecular mass of gas X.20 g of oxygen to form MO2. X g of metal M combines with 1. c) What is the molecular formula of gas X? Relative atomic mass: H. 4.Empirical formula Chemical formula Molecular formula Compound Empirical formula Molecular formula Calculation.6 g of oxygen. 12 . C.5 g hydrogen. Tobacco contains nicotine. 3. 46 ) 6. Determine the empirical formula of copper oxide.2 g of metal M combined with 21.p ) 4 .1 g of gas X occupies a volume of 1. What are the empirical formula and molecular formula of the compound? 10. Determine the value of a. 3.8 g of copper metal is obtained. ( R. It is found that a g of metal M combines with 9. 2. 1. a) The empirical formula of nicotine.4 dm3 at s.1 % carbon.64 % hydrogen and the rest is nitrogen. Calculate the relative atomic mass of metal M. The molecular formula and relative molecular mass of an oxide metal are M2O3 and 102.7% carbon according to mass. a) Determine the empirical formula of gas X.M of M = 207) 5. b) If the relative molecular mass of nicotine is 162. Determine the relative atomic mass of M. 8.8% hydrogen.3 g of chlorine to form a compound with the empirical formula MCI3. 9.6 g of oxygen to form a compound with the empirical M2O3. What is the formula of the oxide of the metal P? ( P.44 o of oxide metal P contains 1. A sample of compound (relative atomic mass : 42 ) derives from petroleum contains 3. When 14. Boric acid is used to preserve prawn and fish. Chemical analysis shows that it contains 4. what is the molecular formula? 11.2 g of chlorine to form a compound.7% boron and the rest is oxygen.2 g of oxygen combined with 14. 11.3 g carbon and 0.4 g of copper oxide is reduced by hydrogen gas. 3. What is the value of X.t.A. 17. 2.

ii. Write a chemical equation to show how the liquid is formed. Z are 23. Y.1.93g Mass of crucible + metal X before heating =126. The result obtained are as follows Mass of crucible + lid =25. ii. Why? d)The crucible lid must be opened and closed from time to time while metal M is burning. 35. hydrogen gas is allowed to continue flowing until the apparatus is cool. number of moles of metal M and oxygen that have reacted iii. Figure 2 shows an experiment to determine the empirical formula of oxide metal M. and 16 respectively. f) State how you can confirm that the oxide of metal X has reacted completely? g) Why it is necessary to pass the hydrogen gas for several minutes before heating the oxide of metal X? h) After the reaction is complete. Why? i) i. The result obtained are as follows Mass of empty crucible =23.. Calculate the number of moles of metal X combined with 1 mole of oxygen atom. b) State the variables metal M heat crucible c) In the experiment.93g a).mass of metal M and oxygen that have reacted. lid 2.00g Mass of crucible + lid + metal M =27. iii. d) Complete the diagram to show how to dry the hydrogen gas e) i.00g a). Write the equation to show the reaction between oxide metal X and hydrogen gas. Element W and X are metals 5 . Suggest a test to show that the liquid is pure. Write an equation involved.State the hypothesis for the experiment.5. Figure 1 shows the set-up of apparatus in an experiment to determine the empirical formula of an oxide of metal X using the reaction the reaction between hydrogen gas and the oxide of metal X. the crucible must be covered when metal M is being heated. Write the empirical formula for the oxide of metal M. Why? e) How can you ensure that all the metal M is completely burned? f) Calculate i.State the hypothesis of this experiment b) State the variables ice oxide of metal X dry hydrogen gas → heat colourless liquid c) Hydrogen can be prepared in the laboratory.43g Mass of crucible + oxide of metal X before heating =134. What is the empirical formula of the oxide of metal X? iii. 40. What is the liquid collected in the petri dish? ii. 3. g) Give another example of a metal oxide whose empirical formula can be determined by the same method. X.40g Mass of crucible + lid + oxide M =29. The relative atomic mass of four elements W.

0 g of element X reacts with 7.20g.0 X 1023 molecules of Y? c) In an experiment. the mass of the residue formed. 4. Base on these information. answer the following questions.0g of element Z f) What is the similarity between 40g of element X and 32g of element Z? g) For each of the following determine the empirical formula of the compound formed. 4. i.55g of element Y ii. ii. Before experiment dry oxygen Mass of tube A + content =85.p c) An oxide of metal M is represented by the formula MxOy.80g a) Why must dry oxygen gas be used? carbon tube A heat beaker B sodium hydroxide solution b) Why is oxygen gas allowed to flow through the apparatus when the reaction is completed? c) How do you determine whether the carbon dioxide is completely absorbed by the sodium hydroxide? d)Calculate the mass of carbon and oxygen have reacted in tube A CHEMICAL FORMULAE AND CHEMICAL EQUATIONS 1. CuSO4 + H2S CuS + H2SO4 i. calculate the mass of copper(II) sulphide that precipitates when the solution containing 8 g of anhydrous copper (II) sulphate is used. If 14. ii.42g gas Mass of beaker B + content =165.18g Mass of beaker B + content =200. ii.2g of metal M is produced. 3. calculate the number of molecules in i. The result obtained are as shown below. calculate i. Determine the empirical formula of the compound. What is the meaning of relative atomic mass of an element? ii. 2. Name the instrument that is used to determine the relative atomic mass of mewly discovered element? b) If the molecule of element Y is diatomic. 12. 4. 0. b) When heated . 0. Calculate the percentage by mass of copper in the precipitate formed. the total volume of gases released at s.1 mole of the compound formed from W and Z has a mass of 6. i.1 mole of the compound formed from X and Z has a mass of 7.26g Mass of tube A + content =81.t.6g of element W ii. Determine the value of X and Y in the formula of the oxide. d) Calculate the number of atoms in i. Figure 3 shows the set-up experiment to determine the formula of carbon dioxide. Write a balanced chemical equation for the reduction reaction of the oxide of metal M.20 g of element Y e) If the molecule of element Z is also diatomic. The chemical formula for some covalent compound 6 . 8.0 g of element X iii. 3. a nitrate salt of metal M with the formula M(NO3)2 decomposes according to the equation below.1 g of element Y to form a compound.3g of the nitrate salt is completely heated . Solve the following problems a) When hydrogen sulphide gas is passed through a copper(II) sulphate solution. 2M(NO3)2 2MO + 4NO2 + O2. If 18. Copper (II) sulphide precipitate is is formed according to the following equation.2g. 14.whereas element Y and Z are non metals. If excess hydrogen sulphide is used.6g of the oxide of the metal M is reduced by hydrogen gas. ii. a) i. what is the mass of 3.

Reaction between magnesium and oxygen to form magnesium oxide. aq ) a) Balance the equation of the reactions below.make sure the number of atoms of each element before and after the reaction is the same. . The chemicals formulae for ionic compounds -Ionic compound consists of ______________________________ and _______________________________ -Ionic compound is always electrically neutral Therefore the total of _________________________________________________________ Cation Cation Anion 3. The formulae of ionic compound Ionic compound Formula Ionic compound Formula Ionic compound Formula 4. g. Chemical equations Chemical equation represents a chemical reaction Eq.Covalent compound formula Covalent compound formula Covalent compound formula 2. g) Reaction between nitric acid and sodium carbonate h) Aluminium metal with oxygen i) Ammonium chloride with calcium hydroxide 7 . .write the correct formula of reactants and products . b) Potassium hydroxide and sulphuric acid produces potassium sulphate and water c) Burning of propane in air produces carbon dioxide and water. e) f) Decomposition of zinc nitrate on heating will produce zinc oxide. Sulphur dioxide and oxygen produces sulphur trioxide. Sodium hydroxide + hydrochloric acid Sodium chloride + water. (s.balance the equation . nitrogen dioxide and oxygen gas.state the physical state of reactants and products. l. It is quicker to use symbol and chemical formula to represent the reactants and the products NaOH + HCI NaCI + H2O Steps in writing a chemical reaction. d) Reaction between iron powder and chlorine gas produces iron (III) chloride.

Calculate the volume of oxygen gas evolved at room condition. c) 2.j) Sulphuric acid with magnesium metal. What is the maximum mass of magnesium nitrate formed in this reaction.02 mole of hydrogen peroxide decomposes a) Write the balance equation of the reaction b) Calculate the mass of water formed. c) 6. Solving Numerical problems using chemical reactions. 1. Calculate the mass of methane burned if 4. b) If 1. 7. k) Ammonium sulphate heated with sodium hydroxide. 1. Decomposition of hydrogen peroxide produces water and oxygen gas. When sodium bicarbonate is heated. it decomposes to sodium carbonate. Calculate the number of carbon dioxide molecules released when 31 g of copper (II) carbonate is heated until the reaction is complete. When 0. Calculate the maximum mass of ion obtained when 20g of ion (III) oxide reacted with carbon.p. carbon dioxide and water. Calculate the maximum mass of copper (II) sulphate formed. a) Write the balance chemical equation between lead (II) nitrate solution and sodium iodide solution. Methane burns in air to produces water and oxygen gas. Qualitatively the information that you can derive from the equation.1 mole of sulphuric acid to produce copper (II) sulphate and water.t. Quantitatively ii. c) Using suitable examples.8 dm3 of carbon dioxide produced at room temperature. 4. explain the meaning of empirical formula and molecular formula of a compound. b) Why is carbon –12 (12C ) used in the determination of relative atomic mass of an element and relative molecular mass of a substance. 3. a) Write a balance chemical equation for the reaction b) Calculate the excess copper (II) oxide left after the reaction. The chemical name for baking powder is sodium bicarbonate. 8. calculate the volume in cm3 of carbon dioxide produced at s. 10 g of excess copper (II) oxide powder is reacted with 0. State i. 8 . a) Write the chemical reaction.6 g of magnesium oxide is reacted with excess dilute nitric acid. 5.2 g of sodium bicarbonate is heated.