RESPONSIBILITY

Responsibility is the obligation to accomplish the goals related to the position and the organization. Managers, at no matter what level of the organization, typically have the same basic responsibilities when it comes to managing the work force: Direct employees toward objectives, oversee the work effort of employees, deal with immediate problems, and report on the progress of work to their superiors. Managers' primary responsibilities are to examine tasks, problems, or opportunities in relationship to the company's short-and long-range goals. They must be quick to identify areas of potential problems, continually search for solutions, and be alert to new opportunities and ways to take advantage of the best ones. How effectively goals and objectives are accomplished depends on how well the company goals are broken down into jobs and assignments and how well these are identified and communicated throughout the organization.

AUTHORITY
Authority is seen as the legitimate right of a person to exercise influence or the legitimate right to make decisions, to carry out actions, and to direct others. For example, managers expect to have the authority to assign work, hire employees, or order merchandise and supplies. As part of their structure, organizations have a formal authority system that depicts the authority relationships between people and their work. Different types of authority are found in this structure: line, staff, and functional authority. Line authority is represented by the chain of command; an individual positioned above another in the hierarchy has the right to make decisions, issue directives, and expect compliance from lower-level employees. Staff authority is advisory authority; it takes the form of counsel, advice, and recommendation. People with staff authority derive their power from their expert knowledge and the legitimacy established in their relationships with line managers. Functional authority allows managers to direct specific processes, practices, or policies affecting people in other departments; functional authority cuts across the hierarchical structure. For example, the human resources department may create policies and procedures related to promoting and hiring employees throughout the entire organization. Authority can also be viewed as arising from interpersonal relationships rather than a formal hierarchy. Authority is sometimes equated with legitimate power. Authority and power and how these elements are interrelated can explain the elements of managing and their effectiveness. What is critical is how subordinates perceive a manager's legitimacy. Legitimate authority occurs when people use power for good and have acquired power by proper and honest means. When people perceive an attempt at influence as legitimate, they recognize it and willingly comply. Power acquired through improper means, such as lying, withholding information, gossip, or manipulation, is seen as illegitimate. When people perceive the authority of others as illegitimate, they are less likely to willingly comply.

rather than responsibility. The person responsible to ensure something happens in the expected manner. The best teaching is teaching by example. You're trying to take it over authoritatively. Responsibility. It involves communicating. affection or respect. Whether people are marriage partners. keeping costs and cash flow within the project budget. Authoritarian people are those that focus mainly on their power and authority. and then struggling together to come up with a decision which best respects them all Parenting is built on responsibility. parents or children. While children remain at home. But. The person authorized to make decisions as to the cost. not authority. The person with authority over a project may allow change the project requirements. a parent and a child. forgetting that any position of authority brings with it the responsibility to communicate and relate with others. It can also involve a sense of having the right to control others. You do what I want. In project management. Responsibility involves being accountable for. becomes the basis for a relationship between marriage partners. It may also be confused with decision-making." you're not being responsible to that relationship. When authority. You may get compliance. this means completing all major milestones on or before their scheduled times. Children often see their parents as authority figures. If a marriage has team leadership rather than an individual boss. Authority Authority connotes a function or title. Parents are responsible to teach social values to their children. or a community and an elected body. Responsibility in marriage involves recognizing your needs. and acting reasonably. you don't build trust. expressing them. One partner does not own the other. and being aware of your relationships with others. The difference between being a responsible parent and an authoritarian parent is in your attitude towards what you do. are neighbors or in business. Authority may be seen by people as being bad or wrong. Marriage is a partnership based on respect. something all of us must do regularly in many areas of our lives. or having obligations or duties. a lack of understanding about the nature of the relationship between responsibility and authority can create hard feelings and alienate people from each other. listening to your partners needs. parents also have the responsibility to prevent them from getting into situations where the consequences of their behavior may be harmful and dangerous to them or to others. the struggle that is then required to arrive at joint decisions strengthens the relationship. Parents need to . But when you tell your partner. Parents have the responsibility to see that children learn how consequences result from their actions. and delivering quality in accordance with the project standards. The danger with authority is that it can become an end in itself. confrontation and blow-ups will likely occur. Authority And Reasonableness When authority and responsibility get confused.Responsibility Responsibility implies a relationship. Authority involves having the power to enforce obedience or compliance. The person responsible for a project is not necessarily the same person who is allowed to change to the project requirements. schedule and other questions that arise throughout the course of the project execution. "I'm your boss. conflict and tension occurs.

. Telling it shortly without all this sollu simple definition is Power is the ability to get things done by others." "I'm the boss here at home. that's why. The principle of power is to punish and reward. In parliament when a law is being discussed by MP's and any other form of political group there must be a body which has power so that they can actually come to a decision. "I am responsible for making certain decisions while you are under a certain age. I will make certain decisions. then? Reasonableness involves relating to others and listening. and to expect obedience from those without authority. decision. and making that decision as responsibly as possible. The key to making responsible decisions is to act reasonably." or "You better do what I say". Whereas authority is the power to enforce law and take command. for example a teacher has authority over the pupils but no real power. Authority can exist with or without power. and then making a decision. It involves dialogue. For instance an armed robber has power but no authority. something which you can only do after weighing all the facts and evidence you can gather. assessing. Marriage partners often complain about their partners being "unreasonable". You might end up by saying that responsibility is a responsibility in itself. Power can exist with or without authority. Many parents in turn believe their teenagers are making unreasonable demands of them. non decision making and manipulating desires. What then is reasonableness. understanding. I am willing to listen to your feelings. Relating to someone with responsibility involves listening. concerns and wishes." This is quite different from the much too common expression: "Because I'm your father. Many teenagers think their parents are unreasonable. being prepared to make a decision when it needs to be made. but I am not willing to give up my responsibility as a parent.honestly tell their children. whether or not you totally agree with them. It involves assessing a situation. having as many facts available as possible. Responsibility is a challenge in any area of our life. Steven Lukes states that there is three dimensions of power.

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