ANNA HAZARE (work, bibliography, life & other details) - ADMiN - 04-17-2011 01:06 AM

Anna Hazare From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search Page semi-protected Kisan Baburao Hazare िकसन बाबुराव हजारे Born 15 January 1940 (1940-01-15) (age 71) Bhingar, Bombay Province, British India Nationality Indian Other names Anna Hazare Known for Watershed development programmes Right to Information movement Anti-corruption movement Religion Hinduism Spouse Unmarried Parents Laxmibai Hazare (Mother) Baburao Hazare (Father) Awards Padma Shri 1990 Padma Bhushan 1992 Website http://www.annahazare.org Kisan Baburao Hazare (Marathi: िकसन बाबुराव हजारे) (born 15 January 1940), popularly known as Anna Hazare (Marathi: अणणा हजारे), is a pre-eminent Indian social activist who is especially

recognised for his contribution to the development of Ralegan Siddhi, a village in Parner taluka of Ahmednagar district, Maharashtra, India and his efforts for establishing it as a model village, for which he was awarded the Padma Bhushan by the government of India in 1992.[1] On 5 April 2011, Hazare started a 'fast unto death' to exert pressure on the government of India to enact a strong anti-corruption act as envisaged in the Jan Lokpal Bill, a law that will establish a Lokpal (ombudsman) that will have the power to deal with corruption in public offices. The fast led to nation wide protests in support of Hazare. The fast ended on 9 April 2011, the day after all of Hazare's demands were agreed by the government of India and the government issued a gazette notification on the formation of a joint committee (of government and civil society representatives) to draft an effective Lokpal Bill.[2][3] Contents [hide] * 1 Early life * 2 In the Indian Army * 3 Transformation of Ralegan Siddhi o 3.1 Uprooting alcoholism o 3.2 The Watershed Development programme o 3.3 Milk production o 3.4 Education o 3.5 Removal of untouchability o 3.6 Collective marriages o 3.7 Gram Sabha * 4 Anti-corruption protests in Maharashtra * 5 Right to Information movement * 6 Lokpal Bill movement * 7 Awards and honours o 7.1 Awards o 7.2 Felicitations * 8 Publications * 9 See also * 10 References * 11 External links Early life Anna Hazare was born on 15 January 1940 in Bhingar, a small village near the city of Ahmednagar, in Bombay Province (present-day Maharashtra).[4] Hazare's father, Baburao Hazare worked as an unskilled labourer in Ayurveda Ashram Pharmacy and his grandfather was in the army, posted at Bhingar when Anna was born. He died in 1945 but Hazare's father continued to stay at Bhingar. In 1952, Hazare's father resigned from his job and returned to his own village, Ralegan Siddhi. At that time Hazare had six younger siblings and his family had to face significant hardships. Hazare's childless aunt then took Anna to Bombay (now known as Mumbai) and offered to look after him and his education. Hazare studied up to the 7th standard in Bombay and took up a job after the 7th standard due to the economic situation in his household. He started selling flowers at Dadar in order to make his

living and support his family. After gaining some experience, he started his own shop and brought two of his brothers to Bombay. Gradually, Hazare's income increased to around Indian Rupee symbol.svg 800 per month, a decent income in those times. In the Indian Army Anna Hazare started his career as a driver in the Indian Army in 1963.[5] He spent his spare time reading the works of Vivekananda, Gandhi, and Vinoba Bhave; they inspired him to become a social worker and activist.[4] During the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965, he was the only survivor in a border exchange of fire, while driving a truck.[6] During the mid-1970s he survived a road accident while driving.[7] Transformation of Ralegan Siddhi The dream of India as a strong nation will not be realized without self-reliant, self-sufficient villages, this can be achieved only through social commitment & involvement of the common man. -Anna Hazare “ ” annahazare.org After voluntary retirement from the army, Hazare came to Ralegan Siddhi village in 1975. Initially, he organised the youth of the village into an organisation named the Tarun Mandal (Youth Association). He also helped to form the Pani Puravatha Mandals (Water Supply Associations) to ensure proper distribution of water.[8] Uprooting alcoholism As the next step towards social and economic change, Anna Hazare and the youth group decided to take up the issue of alcoholism. It was very clear that there could be no progress and happiness in the village unless the curse of alcoholism was completely removed from their lives. At a meeting conducted in the temple, the villagers resolved to close down the liquor dens and ban the drinking of alcohol in the village. Since these resolutions were made in the temple, they became in a sense religious commitments. Over thirty liquor brewing units were closed by their owners voluntarily. Those who did not succumb to social pressure were forced to close down their businesses, when the youth group smashed up their liquor dens. The owners could not complain as their business was illegal.[9] Though the closure of liquor brewing reduced alcoholism in Ralegan Siddhi, some villagers continued to drink. They obtained their liquor from neighbouring villages. The villagers decided that those men would be given three warnings, after which they would be physically punished. Twelve men who were found in a drunken state even after initial warnings were tied to a pole with help from the youth group and flogged. Anna Hazare says, “Doesn’t a mother administer bitter medicines to a sick child when she knows that the medicine can cure her child? The child may not like the medicine, but the mother does it only because she cares for the child. The alcoholics were punished so that their families would not be destroyed.”[citation needed] Anna Hazare appealed to the government of Maharashtra to bring in a law whereby prohibition would come into force in a village if 25% of the women in the village demanded it. In July 2009, the state government issued a government resolution amending the Bombay Prohibition Act, 1949. As per the amendments, if at least 25% of women voters demand liquor prohibition

the youth group performed a unique "Holi" ceremony twenty two years ago. Thereafter. In some instances. He motivated the residents of the village into shramdan (voluntary labour) to build canals. nullah bunds. underground check dams and cemented bandhras at strategic locations. cigarettes and beedies from the shops in the village and burnt them in a ‘Holi’ fire. it was decided to ban the sale of tobacco. The youth group brought all the tobacco. cigarettes and beedies. If 50% of the voters vote against the sale of liquor. located in the foothills. From that day.000 m²) entirely irrigated by the drip irrigation system. efforts that solved the problem of scarcity of water in the village that also made irrigation possible. voting should be conducted through a secret ballot. another circular was issued. Papaya.[4][7] The first embankment that was built using volunteer efforts developed a leak and had to be reconstructed this time with government funding. Hazare also took steps to stop the second big problem. making it mandatory to get the sanction of the Gram Sabha for issuing new permits for sale of liquor. The farmers started growing high yield varieties of crop and the cropping pattern of the village also changed. Ralegan has also experimented with drip and bi-valve irrigation in a big way. In order to conserve soil and water by checking the run off.through a written application to the state excise department. soil erosion.[11][12][13] The Watershed Development programme Anna Hazare realised that the only way to increase agricultural production in a sustainable manner was to build a better irrigation system. The festival of Holi is celebrated as a symbolic burning of evil.000) trees were planted along the hillside and the village. Crops such as pulses. cases were filed against them. lemon and chillies have been planted on a plot of 80 acres (320. shrubs and about 3 lakh ( 300.[10] Along with the removal of alcohol from the village. cigarettes. Grass.[15] Milk production As a secondary occupation. Taking into account the geographical location of Ralegan . smallscale check-dams and percolation tanks in the nearby hills for watershed development. Anna took up the issue again and in August 2009 the government issued another circular that sought withdrawal of cases against women who sought prohibition of liquor in their villages. He has helped farmers of more than 70 villages in drought-prone regions in the state of Maharashtra since 1975. no tobacco. or beedies are sold in any shop at Ralegan Siddhi. Anna Hazare persuaded villagers to construct a watershed embankment to stop water and allow it to percolate and increase the ground water level. milk production was promoted in Ralegan Siddhi. when women agitated against the sale of liquor. In order to implement this resolution. Cultivation of water-intensive crops like sugar cane was banned. Purchase of new cattle and improvement of the existing breed with the help of artificial insemination and timely guidance and assistance by the veterinary doctor has resulted in an improvement in the cattle .[14] The Government of India plans to start a training centre here to understand and implement Hazare's watershed development model in other villages in the country. Similar action can be taken at the ward level in municipal areas. The Watershed Development programme became a huge success and helped increase the fortunes of many farmers as they now had a reliable source of water. contour trenches and gully plugs were constructed along the hill slopes. This process was supplemented by afforestation. oilseeds and certain cash crops with low water requirements were grown. prohibition should be imposed in the village and the sale of liquor should be stopped.

which resulted in growth from one hundred litres (before 1975) to around 2500 litres per day which is sent to a cooperative dairy (Malganga Dairy) in Ahmednagar.[citation needed] Education In 1932. The number of milk cattle has also been growing.[17] The trust decided to take over the function of the village school which was in a bad state due to government neglect and also lack of interest on behalf of teachers who were moonlighting.stock. It is an undesirable practice but has almost become a social obligation in India. the milk production has increased. The villagers have built houses for the Dalits. Some milk is also given to Balwadi (kindergarten) children and neighbouring villages under the child nutrition program sponsored by the Zilla Parishad. out of an estimated population of 1209. they started a pre school for the primary school and a high school in 1979. Besides transporting milk to Ahmednagar. girls could not do the same and were limited to primary education. the mandap and the . only 30. Ralegan Siddhi got its first formal school. After the opening of the school in the village. The villagers started taking active interest in the village school and formed a charitable trust. the Loudspeaker system.svg 4 lakhs (400. the mini-truck is also used for taking vegetables and other produce directly to the market. The vessels.[16] From the surplus generated. Boys moved to the nearby towns of Shirur and Parner to pursue higher education. A new school building was built in the next 2 months with volunteer efforts and the money obtained via the grant. This school has a hostel for 150 boarders.[17] Collective marriages Most rural poor get into a debt-trap as they have to incur heavy expenses at the time of marriage of their son or daughter. Crossbred cows are replacing local ones which give a low milk yield. Anna Hazare along with the youth of Ralegan Siddhi worked to increase literacy rates and education levels.[11] Since then the school has been instrumental in bringing in many of changes to the village. The trust obtained a government grant of Indian Rupee symbol.[7] Removal of untouchability The social barriers that existed due to the caste system in India have been broken down by Ralegan Siddhi villagers and people of all castes come together to celebrate social events. a single class room primary school. the milk society bought a mini-truck and a thresher. Traditional farming practices are tought in this school in addition to the government curriculum. which was registered in 1979.43% were literate (72 women and 290 men). As a result. and helped to repay their loans to free them from their indebtedness. In 1976. a girl from Ralegan Siddhi became the first female in the village to complete her SSC in 1982. but due to socioeconomic conditions. A new hostel was also constructed to house 200 students from poorer sections of society. the villagers added more classrooms through community volunteer efforts. The feast is held together where the expenses are further reduced by the Tarun Mandal taking the responsibility for cooking and serving the food. thus eliminating intermediate agents.000) for the school building using the National Rural Education Programme (NREP). The thresher is rented out to the farmers during the harvesting season. The people of Ralegan have largely succeeded in eradicating social discrimination on the basis of caste. The Dalits have been integrated into the social and economic life of the village. By 1971. the Sant Yadavbaba Shikshan Prasarak Mandal. Ralegan's people have started celebrating marriages collectively. In 1962.

Each society presents its annual report and statement of accounts in the Gram Sabha every year. The Sri Sant Yadavbaba Doodh Utpadhak Sahakari Sanstha gives guidance regarding the dairy business. The Sant Yadavbaba Shikshan Prasarak Mandal monitors the educational activities. a popular movement to fight against corruption[19] in Ralegaon Siddhi. and Shramdan were taken in the Gram Sabha. Charai bandi (bans on grazing). In case of a difference of opinion the majority consensus becomes acceptable. In addition to the panchayat. Projects like Watershed development activities are undertaken only after they are discussed in the Gram Sabha. Seven Co-operative irrigation societies provide water to the farmers from cooperative wells. is mandatory. Hazare protested against the alleged malpractices in the purchase of powerlooms by the Vasantrao Naik Bhathya Vimukt Jamati Vikas Manch and the Mahatma Phule Magasvargiya Vikas Mandal. As per the amendments. so that the people (meaning the villagers) have a say in the development works in their village. organic farming and financial assistance. Decisions are taken in a simple majority consensus. 20% of Gram Sabha members can lodge a complaint to the chief executive officer of the zilla parishad with their signatures.[10] In Ralegan Siddhi. Anna was not satisfied. seeking sanction of the Gram Sabha (an assembly of all village adults. The decision of the Gram Sabha is accepted as final. it had to give in due to public pressure. In the same year he protested against the collusion between 40 forest officials and the timber merchants. The Vividh Karyakari Society gives assistance and provides guidance to farmers regarding fertilizers. This protest resulted in the transfer and suspension of these officials. All decisions like Nashabandi (bans on alcohol). The chief executive officer is required to visit the village and conduct an inquiry within 30 days and submit the report to the divisional commissioner. the Gram Sabha meetings are held periodically to discuss issues relating to the welfare of the village. While the state government refused to bend to his demand. who has powers to remove the sarpanch or deputy sarpanch and dismiss the gram sevak involved. since their managing committees were dissolved after the Shiv Sena-BJP government came to power in the state in .[18] Anti-corruption protests in Maharashtra In 1991. and not just the few elected representatives in the gram panchayat) for expenditure on development works in the village. These institutions were directly under the charge of then Maharashtra Social Welfare minister Babanrao Gholap of the Shiv Sena. The Mahila Sarvage Utkarsh Mandal attends the welfare needs of the women. they are more open to any changes taking place in the village. 424 marriages have been held under this system.[17] Gram Sabha The Gandhian philosophy on rural development considers the Gram Sabha as an important democratic institution for collective decision making in the villages in India. Hazare launched the Bhrashtachar Virodhi Jan Aandolan (BVJA) (People's Movement against Corruption). In case of expenditure without the sanction of the Gram Sabha. From 1976 to 1986.[20] In May 1997. seeds.decorations have also been bought by the Tarun Mandal members belonging to the oppressed castes. He insisted that this should be included and the state government relented. as the amended Act did not include "the right to recall a sarpanch". Kurhadbandi (bans on tree felling). Anna campaigned between 1998 and 2006 for amending the Gram Sabha Act. there are several registered societies that take care of various projects and activities of the village.[18] If villagers are involved in the planning and decision making process.

Hazare also raised the issue of alleged massive land purchase by Gholap's wife Shashikala in Nashik between April to September 1996. Hazare began his 'fast unto death' on 9 August 2006 against the proposed amendment in Alandi. B.[28] He started his 'fast unto death' on 9 August 2003. C.[22] On 9 September 1998. adopted a Right to Information Act in 2003. Mumbai. enacted by the Union Government. named as the Jan Lokpal Bill (People's Ombudsman Bill) with more stringent provisions and wider power to the Lokpal (Ombudsman). after the government agreed to change its earlier decision. a senior lawyer in the Supreme Court along with the members of the India Against Corruption movement drafted an alternate bill. Hazare wrote a letter to then chief minister Manohar Joshi demanding Gholap's removal for his role in the alleged malpractices in the Awami Merchant Bank. which forced the Government of Maharashtra to repeal the earlier weak act and pass a stronger Maharashtra Right to Information Act.[34] ” On 20 July 2006.[30][31] Suresh Jain and Nawab Malik resigned from the cabinet in March 2005.[21] On 4 November 1997. Sawant to probe his charges.1995.000. Santosh Hegde. Leaders of all political parties except the BJP and the Shiv Sena came in support of him[24][25] Later due to public protests.home to one of the world's largest cities. the Government of Maharashtra ordered his release from the jail. to press for the . ("All corruption can end only if there is freedom of information. N. indicted Sureshdada Jain.[27] In 2003. Anna Hazare initiated a movement for passing a stronger anti-corruption Lokpal (ombudsman) bill in the Indian Parliament. He ended his fast on 17 August 2003 after then chief minister Sushil Kumar Shinde formed a one man commission. After release." said Hazare. It also ensured that the President of India assented to this new Act. Sawant commission report. The report exonerated Vijaykumar Gavit.[32] Right to Information movement In the early 2000s.[29] The P.[35] Lokpal Bill movement Anna Hazare's hunger strike at Jantar Mantar in Delhi Main article: 2011 Indian anti-corruption movement On 5 April 2011. He forwarded the available documentary evidences in support of his allegations to then Maharashtra Governor P.[26] Gholap resigned from the cabinet on 27 April 1999. headed by the retired justice P. prodded by the hunger strike of prominent activist. [36] Hazare began a fast unto death from 5 April 2011 at Jantar Mantar in Delhi. Alexander. the Union Cabinet decided to amend the Right to Information Act 2005 to exclude the file notings by the government officials from its purview. He ended his fast on 19 August 2006. Nawab Malik and Padmasinh Patil.[33] Law professor Alasdair Scott Roberts mentions. He was initially arrested in April 1998 and was released on a personal bond of Rs 5. Anna Hazare. the corruption charges were raised by Hazare against 4 ministers of the Congress-NCP government belonging to the NCP. Prashant Bhushan. “ The state of Maharashtra . submitted on 23 February 2005. As a part of this movement. Gholap filed a defamation suit against Hazare for accusing him of corruption. B.[6][23] The sentencing came as a huge shock at that time to all social activists. This Act was later considered as the base document for the Right to Information Act 2005 (RTI). Anna Hazare led a movement in Maharashtra state. a former justice of the Supreme Court of India and Lokayukta of Karnataka. who resumed his strike in February 2004 to push for better enforcement of the Act). Anna Hazare was imprisoned in the Yerawada Jail after being sentenced to simple imprisonment for three months by the Mumbai Metropolitan Court.

"I will fast until Jan Lokpal Bill is passed". The youth power in this movement is a sign of hope. “The Joint Drafting Committee shall consist of five nominee ministers of the Government of India and five nominees of the civil society. It has been reported that thousands of people joined to support Hazare's effort. Santosh Hegde.[42] As a result of this movement. Union Minister of Home Affairs. He addressed the people and set a deadline of 15 August 2011 to pass the Lokpal Bill in the Indian Parliament. We have shown the world in just five days that we are united for the cause of the nation.[40] A number of social activists including Medha Patkar.[46][47] On the morning of 9 April 2011 Anna Hazare ended his 98-hour hunger strike by first offering lemon juice to some of his supporters who had gone on a hunger strike in his support. This movement has also been joined by many people providing their support in Internet social media such as Twitter and Facebook. Shanti Bhushan Senior Advocate. Advocate and Arvind Kejriwal. non-politician Co-Chairman. Arvind Kejriwal and former IPS officer Kiran Bedi and Jayaprakash Narayan have lent their support to Hazare's hunger strike and anti-corruption campaign. In addition to spiritual leaders Sri Sri Ravi Shankar. Aizawl among other cities of India.[44] There have also been protests in Bangalore.[48] ” . The five nominee Ministers of the Government of India are Pranab Mukherjee.[39] He said that he would not allow any politician to sit with him in this movement. the Government of India accepted all demands of the movement. Swami Ramdev. Guwahati. On 9 April 2011 it issued a notification in the Gazette of India on formation of a joint committee. M. Swami Agnivesh and former Indian cricketer Kapil Dev. Prashant Bhushan. after his demand was rejected by the Prime Minister of India Manmohan Singh[37] Before commencing his 'fast unto death' he stated. Kapil Sibal. P. Almost 150 people reportedly joined Hazare in his fast. Union Minister of Finance.[45] On 8 April 2011.[38] The movement attracted attention very quickly through various media. Chidambaram. We have a lot of struggle ahead of us in drafting the new legislation. Mumbai. Chennai. “ Real fight begins now. Politicians like Uma Bharti and Om Prakash Chautala were shooed away by protesters when they came to visit the site where the protest was taking place. The social activist then broke his fast by consuming some lemon juice. Union Minister of Law and Justice. Ahmedabad.demand to form a joint committee of the representatives of the Government and the civil society to draft a new bill with stronger penal actions and more independence to the Lokpal and Lokayuktas (Ombudsmen in the states). on 6 April 2011 Sharad Pawar resigned from the group of ministers formed for reviewing the draft Lokpal bill 2010. N. According to the notification.[43] Wikinews has related news: Indian activist begins "fast-unto-death" hunger strike to end corruption The movement gathered significant support from India's youth visible through the local support and on social networking sites like Facebook and Twitter. Veerappa Moily. Union Minister of Water Resources and Minister of Minority Affairs. The five nominees of the civil society are Anna Hazare. Union Minister of Human Resource and Development and Minister of Communication and Information Technology and Salman Khursheed. Pranab Mukherjee will be the Chairman of the draft committee while Shanti Bhushan will be the co-chairman. Shillong.[41] many celebrities showed their public support through micro-blogging site Twitter. It accepted the formula that there be a politician Chairman and an activist.

[14] Military service The Indo-China War of 1962 caused the Indian Army to commence emergency recruitment measures.Rabindranath Tagore International Peace Prize.[12] He started selling flowers at the Dadar railway station in Mumbai and was able eventually to own two flower shops in the city. despite not meeting the physical requirements. Hazare was posted at the border in the Khem Karan sector.[13] He also became involved in vigilantism. Hazare was recruited in April 1963. awarded by the Indian Institute of Planning and Management. the later adoption of the name Anna reflects the Indian word for "elder brother".Padma Bhushan award. A relative took on the burden of providing Kisan with an education.[12][13][16] The experiences of war time. taking him to Mumbai because the village had no primary school. the family moved to their ancestral village of Ralegan Siddhi. by the Government of India * 1989 . then he will call a mass nation-wide agitation.On 15 April 2008.variously claimed to have been a bomb.[50] Awards and honours Awards * 2011 . coupled with the poverty from which he had come. His father worked in a pharmacy and struggled to support the family financially. affected him."[52] * 1992 .Krishi Bhushana award by the Government of Maharashtra. I felt that God wanted me to stay alive for some reason. and championed the right to information and the fight against corruption. He had considered suicide at one point but now turned to pondering the meaning of life and death. The relative became unable financially to continue the support and Kisan's schooling ended in the Standard Seventh grade.while he was driving a truck. Anna Hazare received the World Bank's 2008 Jit Gill Memorial Award for ::Outstanding Public Service: "Hazare created a thriving model village in Ralegaon Siddhi.Padma Shri award. by the Government of India * 1990 . And I decided to dedicate my .[48][49] He called his movement as "second struggle for independence" and he will continue the fight. his siblings were not schooled at all. near to Ahmednagar. in the impoverished Ahmednagar region of Maharashtra state. and was attested as a soldier on 16 November of that year after undertaking training at Aurangabad.Indira Priyadarshini Vrikshamitra award by the Government of India on 19 November 1986 from the hands of Prime Minister of India Rajiv Gandhi. In time.Anna Hazare also said that if the bill was not passed. an aerial assault and an exchange of fire at the border . joining groups who acted to prevent the poor from being bullied out of their shelters by thugs in the employ of landlords. I was re-born in the battlefield of Khem Karan. He was the sole survivor of an enemy attack .[12][15] During the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965. where they owned a small amount of agricultural land. The eldest son. * 1986 . Early life Kisan Hazare was born on 15 June 1937[citation needed] (some sources say 1940)[11] in Bhingar. with two sisters and four brothers.[12] He has said of the truck attack that "[It] sent me thinking.[51] * 2008 .

"[13] He spent his spare time reading the works of Swami Vivekananda. they became. The shortage of water also led to disease because conditions became unsanitary and water was re-used for multiple purposes.[23] and that Doesn’t a mother administer bitter medicines to a sick child when she knows that the medicine can cure her child? The child may not like the medicine. Hazare expressed his views on Kashmir by saying that it was his "active conviction that Kashmir is an integral part of India" and that if required once again for service. vandalised village temple as a focal point for the community. and those lenders would charge monthly interest rates of as much as 10%.[21] Prohibition of alcohol Hazare and the youth group decided to take up the issue of alcoholism as a means to drive a process of reform. he would remain "ready to take part in war against Pakistan. Those who did not succumb to social pressure were forced to close down their businesses when the youth group smashed up their liquor dens.[22] When some villagers were found to be drunk they were tied to pillars and then flogged. Crime and violence (including domestic violence) had become commonplace."[19] Although most of the villagers owned some land.[14][20] Hazare was relatively wealthy because of the gratuity from his army service. a product to which many of the villagers had themselves become addicted. while education and employment opportunities were poor. cultivation was extremely difficult due to the rocky ground preventing retention of the monsoon rains. Some youths also became involved in the work and these he organised into a Tarun Mandal (Youth Association). particularly among the elderly. He set about using that money to restore a run-down. Over thirty liquor brewing units were closed by their owners voluntarily. The owners could not complain as their businesses were illegal. a village described by Satpathy and Mehta as being then "one of the many villages of India plagued by acute poverty. and Vinoba Bhave. in a sense. He justified this punishment by stating that “rural India was a harsh society”. At a meeting conducted in the temple. deprivation. The alcoholics were punished so that their families would not be destroyed. Hazare survived a road accident while driving for the army. religious commitments. The economy of the village had become reliant on illegal manufacture and sale of alcohol. erosion spread and droughts were also experienced. One of the works of Vivekananda which he had read was Call to the youth for nation building.[14] Despite subsequent allegations that he had deserted from the army. the villagers resolved to close down liquor dens and ban alcohol in the village. official records show that he was honourably discharged in 1975 after completing his 12 years of service. Many inhabitants were at the mercy of moneylenders in order to survive. sometimes personally by Hazare.[17] In a blog post. Some were able to respond with small financial donations but many other villagers. neglect and hopelessness. Since these resolutions were made in the temple. this situation had not been assisted by a gradual deterioration as trees were cut down. donated their labour in a process that became known as shramdaan."[18] During the mid-1970s.new life to serving people. a fragile ecosystem. He interpreted his survival as a further sign that his life was intended to be dedicated to the service of the community. but the mother does it only because she cares for the child.[24] . [15] Transformation of Ralegan Siddhi Hazare returned to Ralegan Siddhi. Gandhi.

1949 to reflect this. the youth group performed a unique "Holi" ceremony twenty two years ago. so Hazare persuaded villagers to construct a watershed embankment and associated works to stop water and allow it to percolate and increase the ground water level and improve irrigation in the area. Hazare has helped farmers of more than 70 villages in drought-prone regions in the state of Maharashtra since 1975. a single classroom primary school. only 30. In 2009 the state government amended the Bombay Prohibition Act.[14][17] Cultivation of water-intensive crops like sugar cane was banned. [citation needed] .500 acres (1. along with the youth of Ralegan Siddhi. Crops such as pulses. and beedies from the shops in the village and burnt them in a Holi fire. farmers could borrow the grain. and beedies (an unfiltered cigarette where the tobacco is rolled in tendu also known as Diospyros melanoxylon leaves instead of paper) in the village. out of an estimated population of 1. Rich farmers.[25] It was decided to ban the sale of tobacco.[22] Milk production As a secondary occupation. These efforts solved the problem of water scarcity in the village and made irrigation possible.Hazare appealed to the government of Maharashtra to bring in a law whereby prohibition would come into force in a village if 25% of the women in the village demanded it. milk production was promoted in Ralegan Siddhi. the Grain Bank was started by him at the temple. or those with surplus grain production. but due to socioeconomic conditions. and certain cash crops with low water requirements were grown. which was registered in 1979. Tobacco. cigarettes. Purchase of new cattle and improvement of the existing breed with the help of artificial insemination and timely guidance and assistance by a veterinarian resulted in an improvement in the cattle stock.[26][27] Grain Bank In 1980.43% were literate (72 women and 290 men).209. In order to implement this resolution.[clarification needed] In 1962. but they had to return the same amount of grain they borrowed.000 ha). worked to increase literacy rates and education levels. oil-seeds. This also prevented distress sales of grain at lower prices at harvest time.[when?] The festival of Holi is celebrated as a symbolic burning of evil. or beedies are no longer sold. could donate a quintal to the bank.[28] When Hazare came in Ralegan Siddhi in 1975 only 70 acres (28 ha) of land was irrigated.[citation needed] Education In 1932. Crossbred cows are replacing local ones which gave a lower milk yield. plus an additional quintal as an interest. By 1971. This ensured that nobody in the village ever went hungry or had to borrow money to buy grain. Hazare converted it into about 2. In 1976 they started a pre-school and a high school in 1979. with the objective of providing food security to needful farmers during times of drought or crop failure. The farmers started growing high-yield varieties of crop and the cropping pattern of the village was changed. Ralegan Siddhi got its first formal school. the villagers added more classrooms through community volunteer efforts. Hazare. cigarettes. The youth group brought all the tobacco.[12] Watershed development programme Ralegan is located in the foothills. The villagers formed a charitable trust. cigarettes. increasing production of milk. In times of need. the Sant Yadavbaba Shikshan Prasarak Mandal. Boys moved to the nearby towns of Shirur and Parner to pursue higher education. girls could not do the same and were limited to primary education.

It was Hazare's moral leadership that motivated and inspired the villagers to shun untouchability and caste discrimination.[25] Activism Anti-corruption protests in Maharashtra Anna Hazare listening to the problems of people at Nanded. where the expenses are further reduced by the Tarun Mandal taking responsibility for cooking and serving the food. The state government initially refused. Marriages of Dalits are held as part of community marriage program together with those of other castes. This protest resulted in the transfer and suspension of these officials. so that the villagers have a say in the development works in their village.[34] In May 1997 Hazare protested against alleged malpractices in the purchase of powerlooms by the Vasantrao Naik Bhathya Vimukt Jhtra Governor P. He was arrested in . the loudspeaker system.[35] On 4 November 1997 Gholap filed a defamation suit against Hazare for accusing him of corruption. In 1991 Hazare launched the Bhrashtachar Virodhi Jan Aandolan (BVJA) (People's Movement against Corruption).[29][30][31] Collective marriages Most rural poor get into a debt trap as they incur heavy expenses at the time of marriage of their daughter or son. but eventually gave in due to public pressure. The upper caste villagers have built houses for the lower caste Dalits by shramdaan and helped to repay their loans to free them from their indebtedness.[citation needed] Gram Sabha The Gandhian philosophy on rural development considers the Gram Sabha as an important democratic institution for collective decision making in the villages of India. a popular movement to fight against corruption[33] in Ralegaon Siddhi. The vessels. It is an undesirable practice but has almost become a social obligation in India.[32] Hazare campaigned between 1998 and 2006 for amending the Gram Sabha Act. In the same year he protested against the collusion between 40 forest officials and timber merchants. and not just the few elected representatives in the gram panchayat) for expenditures on development works in the village. Joint feasts are held. and the decorations have also been bought by the Tarun Mandal members belonging to the oppressed castes. Alexander. From 1976 to 1986. Maharashtra.Removal of untouchability The social barriers and discrimination that existed due to the caste system in India have been largely eliminated by Ralegan Siddhi villagers. The Dalits have been integrated into the social and economic life of the village. C. Ralegan's people have started celebrating marriages collectively. it is mandatory to seek the sanction of the Gram Sabha (an assembly of all village adults. the mandap. 424 marriages have been held under this system. As per the amendments.

[44][45] Right to Information movement In the early 2000s Hazare led a movement in Maharashtra state which forced the state government to enact a revised Maharashtra Right to Information Act.000 (US$4. submitted on 23 February 2005. even honest government officers were transferred to other places according to ministers wish. [46] The setting apart of 11 acres of its land by the trust in favour of the Zilla Parishad without obtaining permission from the charity commissioner was concluded as a case of maladministration. Sawant to probe his charges. This Act was later considered as the base document for the Right to Information Act 2005 (RTI).[41] He started his fast unto death on 9 August 2003. After release. Anna fought hard for a law whereby a government servant must clear a file within a specified time and that transfers must take place only after three years. It also ensured that the President of India assented to this new Act.[39] Gholap resigned from the cabinet on 27 April 1999. Nawab Malik. 220. due to public protests. After many years of relentless . He ended his fast on 19 August 2006. B.[47] On 20 July 2006 the Union Cabinet amended the Right to Information Act 2005 to exclude the file noting by the government officials from its purview.[40] In 2003 corruption charges were raised by Hazare against four NCP ministers of the CongressNCP government.April 1998 and was released on a personal bond of 5.180) spent by the Hind Swaraj Trust for Anna Hazare's birthday celebrations was concluded by the commission as illegal and amounting to a corrupt practice. an industrialist subsequently donated 248. The report exonerated Vijaykumar Gavit. Sometimes within months of being posted to a place. The commission also concluded that the maintenance of accounts of the Bhrashtachar Virodhi Janandolan Trust after 10 November 2001 had not been according to the rules and 46.374 (US$880) spent by the Sant Yadavbaba Shikshan Prasarak Mandal Trust for renovating a temple was in contravention to its object of imparting secular education. He ended his fast on 17 August 2003 after then chief minister Sushil Kumar Shinde formed a one-man commission headed by the retired justice P. Suresh Jain and Nawab Malik resigned from the cabinet in March 2005. B.[43] Three trusts headed by Anna Hazare were also indicted in the P. and Padmasinh Patil.[16][37] The sentencing caused leaders of all political parties except the BJP and the Shiv Sena came in support of him.[48] Regulation of Transfers and Prevention of Delay in Discharge of Official Duties Act Before 2006 in the state of Maharashtra. Sawant commission report. [38] Later. Sawant commission report. whereas some corrupt and favoured officials were cozy in their postings for many years in some cases even for 10 to 20 years and since there was not any guideline or law many government officials were reluctant to process files that contained important public proposals and decisions.[44][45] though Abhay Firodia. Hazare wrote a letter to then chief minister Manohar Joshi demanding Gholap's removal for his role in alleged malpractices in the Awami Merchant Bank. the Government of Maharashtra ordered his release from the jail.000 (US$100). B.000 (US$4. enacted by the Union Government. indicted Sureshdada Jain.[36] On 9 September 1998 Hazare was imprisoned in the Yerawada Jail to serve a three-month sentence mandated by the Mumbai Metropolitan Court. after the government agreed to change its earlier decision. Hazare began his fast unto death on 9 August 2006 in Alandi against the proposed amendment.710) to the trust for that purpose.[42] The P.

distilleries sanctioned before that date and those who started production within two years of sanction were entitled for subsidies. and for involvement in a corrupt nexus.[55][56] Hazare initiated fast at Shirdi.19) (per litre of alcohol) to politicians or their sons who were directly or indirectly engaged in making alcohol from foodgrains. except in case of emergency and under exceptional circumstances. aimed at curbing the delay by its officers and employees in discharging their duties.efforts of Anna. On 20 August 2009 Maharashtra government stopped the policy.V. but on 21 March 2010 government promised to review the policy and Anna ended his 5 day long fast.[25] However. He argued the government that Maharashtra is a food-deficit State and there was shortage of food grains and it is not logical to promote producing liquor from food grains.[54] Lokpal Bill movement .[54] One of the State ministers Laxman Dhoble said in his speech that those opposing the decision to allow use of food grains for the production of liquor are anti-farmers and those people should be beaten up with sugarcane sticks. finally on 25 May 2006 state government of Maharashtra issued a notification announcing that the execution of the special act. The Prevention of Delay in Discharge of Official Duties Act 2006. it is mandatory for the government to effect transfers of all government officers and employees. enlighten that there is no law exists to scrap these licences as this is a government policy. or in a department.[49][50] Campaign against liquor from food grains Constitution of India Article 47 commits the State to raise the standard of living and improve public health. like others. Bharatiya Janata Party leader Gopinath Munde's daughter Pankaja Palwe and her husband Charudatta Palwe.[57] But the government later granted 36 licences and grants of 10 (US$0. Act also prevents the government from effecting frequent transfers of officers before the stipulated three-year tenure.[53] Anna Hazare opposed the governments policy to promote making liquor from food grains in Maharashtra. sons of Union Heavy Industries Minister Vilasrao Deshmukh. not a court of justice" as a reason of not hearing the plea. Some of the main beneficiaries of these licences includes Amit and Dheeraj Deshmukh. Maharashtra is the first state in the country to have introduced such act. This act provides for disciplinary action against officials who move files slowly and enables monitoring officials who stay too long in a post. this law has also not been followed in its true spirit. On 5 May 2011 court refused to hear a Public Interest Litigation saying "not before me. this is a court of law.[54][58][59] The government approved the proposal for food grain-based alcohol production in spite of stiff opposition from the planning and finance departments saying there is a huge demand in other countries for food grain made liquor in comparison with that of molasses.[60] Anna filed a Public Interest Litigation against the Government of Maharashtra for allowing food-grains for manufacturing liquor in the Nagpur bench of the Bombay High Court. after the stipulated three years. Rajya Sabha MP Govindrao Adik. Sangeet Rao. Within this act. and prohibit the consumption of intoxicating drinks and drugs injurious to health. sons-inlaw of P. [51][52][53] In 2007 Maharashtra Government rolled out the grain-based liquor policy aimed to encourage production of liquor from food grain in the light of the rising demand for spirit – used for industrial purposes and potable liquor and Issue 36 licenses for distilleries for making alcohol from food grains.S. However. except Class IV workers.[61][62] One of Principal Secretary in Maharashtra state C. Narasimha Rao.

In addition to spiritual leaders Sri Sri Ravi Shankar.[68] Social activists. Main article: 2011 Indian anti-corruption movement In 2011. Prashant Bhushan. Hazare initiated a Satyagraha movement for passing a stronger anti-corruption Lokpal (ombudsman) bill in the Indian Parliament as conceived in the Jan Lokpal Bill (People's Ombudsman Bill).[73] End of hunger strike after meeting demands . People have shown support in internet social media such as Twitter and Facebook. Shillong. Santosh Hegde.[71] On 6 April 2011 Sharad Pawar resigned from the group of ministers formed for reviewing the draft Lokpal bill 2010.[67] The movement attracted attention in the media.[69][70] Hazare decided that he would not allow any politician to sit with him in this movement.[66] He stated. Ahmedabad. a social activist along with members of the India Against Corruption movement. former justice of the Supreme Court of India and Lokayukta of Karnataka. The Jan Lokpal Bill was drafted earlier by N. including Medha Patkar. Swami Agnivesh and former Indian cricketer Kapil Dev. Politicians like Uma Bharti and Om Prakash Chautala were shooed away by the protesters when they came to visit the site where the protest was taking place. Arvind Kejriwal. Chennai.[64] Hunger strike in Delhi Wikinews has related news: Anna Hazare begins "fast-unto-death" hunger strike to end corruption. Hazare began his Indefinite Fast[65] on 5 April 2011 at Jantar Mantar in Delhi to press for the demand to form a joint committee of the representatives of the Government and the civil society to draft a stronger anti-corruption bill with stronger penal actions and more independence to the Lokpal and Lokayuktas (Ombudsmen in the states). Swami Ramdev. and thousands of supporters. "I will fast until Jan Lokpal Bill is passed". Almost 150 people reportedly joined Hazare in his fast. Aizawl and a number of other cities in India. Guwahati.[72] Protests spread to Bangalore. and Jayaprakash Narayan lent their support to Hazare's hunger strike and anti-corruption campaign. former IPS officer Kiran Bedi. after his demand was rejected by the Prime Minister of India Manmohan Singh. many celebrities showed their public support through Twitter. Mumbai.[63] These include placing "the Prime Minister within the ambit of the proposed lokpal’s powers".Anna Hazare's hunger strike at Jantar Mantar in New Delhi. This draft bill incorporated more stringent provisions and wider power to the Lokpal (Ombudsman) than the draft Lokpal bill prepared by the government in 2010. a senior lawyer in the Supreme Court and Arvind Kejriwal.

Union Minister of Water Resources and Minister of Minority Affairs.[76][77] He called his movement as "second struggle for independence" and he will continue the fight.[81] Anna Hazare and other civil society members decided to boycott the meeting of the joint Lokpal Bill drafting committee scheduled on 6 June 2011 in protest against the forcible eviction of Swami Ramdev and his followers by the Delhi Police from Ramlila Maidan on 5 June 2011. “The Joint Drafting Committee shall consist of five nominee ministers of the Government of India and five nominees of the civil society. Advocate and Arvind Kejriwal. Shanti Bhushan Senior Advocate. According to the notification. Kapil Sibal. Union Minister of Finance.[78] Differences with the government on draft bill Anna Hazare's hunger strike at Jantar Mantar in New Delhi. Santosh Hegde.On 8 April 2011 the Government of India accepted all demands of the movement. Union Minister of Law and Justice. Pranab Mukherjee. Veerappa Moily. Union Minister of Home Affairs. non-politician Co-Chairman. the Union government members opposed the inclusion of the prime minister. P. . He addressed the people and set a deadline of 15 August 2011 to pass the Lokpal Bill in the Indian Parliament. We have a lot of struggle ahead of us in drafting the new legislation. Chidambaram. M." Anna Hazare said that if the bill does not pass he will call for a mass nation-wide agitation.[79] On 31 May 2011. On 9 April 2011 it issued a notification in the Gazette of India on formation of a joint committee. "Real fight begins now.[80] But the civil society members of the drafting committee considered that keeping the prime minister and judges of Supreme Court and High Courts out of the purview of the Lokpal would be a violation of the United Nations Convention against Corruption. Pranab Mukherjee will be the Chairman of the draft committee while Shanti Bhushan will be the co-chairman. The five nominees of the civil society are Anna Hazare. We have shown the world in just five days that we are united for the cause of the nation. The five nominee Ministers of the Government of India are Pranab Mukherjee. including whether to bring the prime minister and judges of Supreme Court and High Courts under the purview of the proposed law. During the meeting of the joint drafting committee on 30 May 2011. Union Minister of Human Resource and Development and Minister of Communication and Information Technology and Salman Khursheed. Prashant Bhushan.[74][75] On the morning of 9 April 2011 Hazare ended his 98-hour hunger strike. It accepted the formula that there be a politician Chairman and an activist. higher judiciary and the acts of the MPs under the purview of the Lokpal in the draft bill. The youth power in this movement is a sign of hope. chairman of the joint drafting committee sent a letter to the chief ministers of all states and the leaders of the political parties seeking their opinion on six contentious issues in the proposed Lokpal Bill. N.

How will it fight corruption by excluding government employees. They are lying.[92] On 30 July 2011 Vishwa Hindu Parishad supported Hazare's . which keeps the Prime Minister. judiciary and lower bureaucracy out of the ambit of the proposed corruption ombudsman Lokpal. Hazare rejected the government version by describing it as “cruel joke’’ and wrote a letter to Prime Minister Manmohan Singh. But only the government's draft was sent. The government has overlooked many points. why is it not bringing government employees and CBI under Lokpal?[89] Within twenty four hours of cabinet's endorsement of a weak Lokpal Bill. our agitation is against government. This is a deceitful government. But first send the right draft. He also criticised the Government for putting hurdles in the drafting of a strong Lokpal Bill and its attempts to malign the civil society members of the joint Lokpal panel. [91] Lawyers of Allahabad High Court described Lokpal Bill proposed by the government as against the interest of the country and pledged their support to Hazare by hunger strike at Allahabad on 16 August 2011.000 taxi drivers have extended their full support to Hazare’s fast by keeping all taxis off the roads on 16 August 2011. the members of the civil society of the joint Lokpal bill drafting committee in New Delhi sent a letter to Pranab Mukherjee. describing his movement as the second freedom struggle. not Parliament. and told him his decision to go on an indefinite fast from 16 August 2011 at Jantar Mantar if the government introduced its own version of the bill in Parliament without taking suggestions from civil society members. Anna criticised the Government for trying to discredit the joint Lokpal Bill drafting committee and threatened to go on indefinite fast again from 16 August 2011 if the Lokpal Bill is not passed by then. On 28 July 2011 the union cabinet on approved a draft of the Lokpal Bill. the chairman of the committee. comprises over 30. How will they run the country? Now I have no trust in this government. explaining reasons for their absence at the meeting and also asked government to make its stand public on the contentious issues related to the proposed draft legislation. over ten thousand peoples from across the country sent faxes directly to the government demanding a bill with stronger provisions. They also decided that the future meetings will be attended only if they were telecast live.[83] On 8 June 2011 at Rajghat. Bangalore.[84][85][86] Indefinite fast India Against Corruption campaign in Whitefield.[82] On 6 June 2011. If it is really serious about fighting corruption. CBI and prime minister from the Lokpal's purview? We were told that both the drafts would be sent to the Cabinet.[90] The Mumbai Taxi Men’s Union.[87][88] Why are you (government) sending the wrong draft? We have faith in Parliament.while they were on hunger strike against the issues of black money and corruption and doubting seriousness of the government in taking measures to eradicate corruption.

Hazare was arrested four hours before the planned indefinite hunger strike. The magistrate sent him judicial custody for seven days and he was taken to Tihar jail. It was reported that about 1. which ends on 8 September. Kiran Bedi and Manish Sisodia were also detained from different locations.300 supporters were detained in Delhi. after being kept in judicial detention for just four hours. The petitioner demanded to prohibit the fast alleging that Hazare's demands are unconstitutional and amount to interference in legislative process. other key members of the India Against Corruption movement including Arvind Kejriwal. Police took that action after Hazare refused to meet the conditions put forward by police for allowing the protest.000. likening the government action to the emergency imposed in the country in 1975.[98] Along with Hazare. a Maharashtra-based social worker and businessman.[96] The conditions included restricting the length of the fast to three days and the number of protesters at the site to 5.[94] Arrest and aftermath Wikinews has related news: Anna Hazare to resume "fast-unto-death" hunger strike from August 16.indefinite fast by saying movement for an effective anti-corruption ombudsman needs the backing of people.[102] Hazare continued his fast inside the jail and refused to leave the jail though the jail authorities had technically released him. spokesman for Delhi Police. On 16 August 2011. he was released unconditionally without any bail bond by the magistrate on a request by the police. Anna was produced before a magistrate who offered him bail but Anna Hazare refused to provide the bail bond. but Hazare refused to leave Tihar Jail. [95] Rajan Bhagat.[100] Eventually.[105] the government agreed to allow him to begin a public hunger strike of fifteen days. a march of thousands in support of Hazare began from the India Gate to Jantar Mantar.[64][104] Due to the nationwide protests of millions. and social media sites (including Facebook).[97] After announcements by Prashant Bhushan. Both the houses of Parliament were adjourned over the issue. to restrain Hazare from going on his proposed indefinite fast. New Delhi. Hazare decided to hold his protest at Ramlila Maidan. 2011. Shanti Bhushan.[99] Media also reported that the arrest sparked off protests with people courting arrests in different parts of the country."[64] Fast at Ramlila Maidan. Public interest litigation was filed in the Supreme Court of India by Hemant Patil.[106] After talks with public authorities. [108] Hazare promised reporters "he would fight to the 'last breath' until the government gets his team's Jan Lokpal Bill passed in this session of Parliament.[103] After his arrest.[93] On 1 August. The opposition parties in the country came out against the arrest. There were reports of "nearly 570 demonstrations and protests by Anna supporters across the country" against the government's imprisonment of Hazare and others. said police arrested Hazare under a legal provision that bans public gatherings and protests at the park in Delhi where he was planning to begin his hunger strike.[107] On 20 August 2011 Hazare "left the Tihar Jail for the Ramlila Grounds". Later in the afternoon. New Delhi . local television. Anna Hazare received support from people across the country.[101] He demanded an unconditional permission from the police to observe a fast at Ramlila Maidan (Ground) in support of the Jan Lokpal bill and refused to leave the jail.

. He was admitted to Medanta Medicity.He [Hazare] has the right to protest and dissent. became almost a fashion statement."[111] The Congress party confirmed that Maharashtra Additional Chief Secretary (Home) Umesh Chandra Sarangi (who has a history of mediating between Hazare and government officials) was meeting with the social activist again "to find points of consensus and defuse the situation". [118] Kiran Bedi declared that the "I am Anna" topi should be used as a deterrence method whenever someone asked for a bribe. supporters across various cities of India started a campaign known as "I Am Anna Hazare".[120] Before reaching the venue.Anna Hazare on fast unto death protest. while "his advisers made televison appearances to rally public support and defend themselves against criticism that their protest campaign and refusal to compromise is undermining India's parliamentary process.[120] he took two-and-half hours to . ..[114] He had lost 7. I can die but I will not bend.'"[113] Hazare ended his fast on 28 August 2011. despite this he stated "'I will not withdraw my hunger strike until the Jan Lokpal bill is passed in the Parliament. On his way in a rally. Hazare began a 3 day hunger strike at MMRDA grounds. the cap which Anna Hazare became synonymous with. the topi. Gurgaon for post-fast care. the topi should be shown to them. On 20 August 2011 thousands came to the Ramlila Maidan in New Delhi[109] to show their support for Hazare.[116] At during Anna Hazare's second fast."[110] The National Campaign for People’s Right to Information (NCPRI) condemned Hazare's deadline for passing the bill as undermining democracy.[115] I Am Anna Chant Within a few days of Anna Hazare's first fast demanding a strong Lokpal (on 5 April 2011).[112] On 21 August 2011 "tens of thousands" came to Ramlila Maidan to support Hazare as he sat on an elevated platform. But nobody can claim it as an absolute right and deny the right of dissent to others. allowing for dissent and evolving a consensus. Bandra Kurla Complex in demand to a stronger version of the Lokpal bill than the is in debate in the Parliament of India.5 kg[114] and was very dehydrated after the 288 hour long fast. which is similar to the "We Are All Khaled Said" campaign well known in the Egyptian uprising.[113] It was reported that Hazare at that point had "lost more than seven pounds since beginning his fast". Anna payed his tributes to Mahatma Gandhi at Juhu Beach.[117] Sales of the topis hit an all time high. She went to say that the topi should be always kept in one's bag and whenever anybody ask for a bribe. after the Indian Government had passed the resolution for the Lokpal Bill unanimously.[119] Fast on MMRDA ground On 27 December 2011. which operates by "holding wide-ranging consultations and discussions. which was joined by several thousand people.

the General Secretary of the Congress party.[132] However Anna has declined for having any such associations.[135] In May 2011. He also commented that the media had projected an incorrect image of Vibrant Gujarat. The fast was initially planned to be held at Jantar Mantar. passing through Santacruz. According to Digvijay Singh a senior leader of the Indian National Congress the entire crusade of 2011 Indian anti-corruption movement is a process being planned by Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh in which Plan-A was Baba Ramdev while Plan-B was Anna Hazare.reach the ground. saying that the same should be emulated by the chief ministers of all states. hailing him as a Gandhian and anti-corruption activist[134] while Digvijay Singh. Soon. Tulip Star Hotel.[133] Subsequently. Further Digvijay Singh had charged Anna Hazare for having links with late Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh leader Nanaji Deshmukh[131] with whom he worked as a secretary.[125] Protest against atrocities against Swami Ramdev and his supporters On 8 June 2011. in case of non-availability of any candidate of his choice.[123][124] The "None of the above (NOTA)" is a ballot option that allows an electorate to indicate disapproval of all of the candidates in an electoral system. SV Road.[128] Controversies and criticism RSS Agent Anna Hazare has often being criticized for being an agent of Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh a right-wing Hindu body in India. Khar and Bandra Highway.[129] United Progressive Alliance. However. as his Right to Reject. Anna Hazare and thousands of his supporters observed fast from 10 am to 6 pm at Rajghat to protest against the midnight crackdown of 5 June 2011 by the Delhi Police on Swami Ramdev’s fast at Ramlila Maidan. New Delhi. criticised him for his comment. Views on Narendra Modi In a press conference in April 2011.[84] According to one of the Anna's young supporters. a PIL filed against the fast was turned down by the Karnataka High Court. his critics believe that since response to his three days fast was poor because of which he had to call off his fast.[136] . He urged Modi to appoint a Lokayukta in Gujarat. the large presence of youths in the protest was due to their support to his use of nonviolence means of protest similar to Gandhi.[121] Reiterating Anna Hazare's position. Anna Hazare demanded an amendment to the electoral law to incorporate the option of None of the above in the electronic voting machines during the Indian elections.[122] Electoral reform movement In 2011. Hazare. changed his view and criticised Modi for rampant corruption by Government officials in Gujarat.the present ruling government in India has seldom charged Hazare with it. chief minister of Bihar.[84][126] Anna Hazare held the Prime Minister of India responsible for the atrocities[127] and termed the police action as a blot on humanity and an attempt to stifle democracy. Modi wrote an open letter to him. Anna Hazare praised Narendra Modi. Vile Parle. the chief minister of Gujarat for his efforts on rural development along with Nitish Kumar. but the venue was shifted after the denial of permission by the Delhi police. the Chief Election Commissioner of India Shahabuddin Yaqoob Quraishi supported Hazare's demand for the electoral reforms. very different from the prevalent situation. Their basic job was to disturb the national security of the country[130]. Mithibai College. during his visit to Gujarat. Anna Hazare's fast last only two days in place of three days because of his ill-health.

Abhijit Vaidya – founder of Arogya Sena. Dalit activist Kancha Ilaiah also commented in a similar fashion. and that those who violated the decree were tied to a post and flogged. I have a problem with it."[143] . but had not held him guilty of any "corrupt" practices. He also claimed that the centralisation such huge powers in Lokapal. a Pune-based industrialist."[143] Another activist Anoop Kheri claimed that "The language. 2. The Dalits. which is a non-elected entity will lead the democratic setup to a very dangerous situation.20 lakhs of its funds on the birthday celebrations of Hazare. a celebration was organised to facilitate Hazare on winning an award from a US based NGO and it coincided with his 61st birthday. Abhay Phirodia. that "The Anna movement is an anti-social justice. OBCs and minorities have nothing to do with it. Hazare and his associates refused to comment on the allegation. the ruling party of India. a non-governmental agency active in public health.[137] Accusations of corruption The government of the state of Maharashtra instituted a Commission of Inquiry under Justice PB Sawant in September 2003 to enquire into allegations of corruption against several people. a very rightwing Hindu patriotism is being used to get the entire country against corruption.[142] Mukul Sharma also found that no panchayat elections have been held in the village for the past two decades.[139] In response to this allegaton. upon the instructions of Anna Hazare. Hazare's lawyer Milind Pawar.48. disaster management and social campaigns – claimed that he was informed by the close associates of Anna Hazare during a fast in Ralegan-Siddhi. The Commission submitted its report on 22 February 2005 in which it indicted the Hind Swaraj Trust for corrupt practice of spending Rs.[141] Accusation of being anti-democratic and anti-dalit An article written in The Telegraph (Kolkata) by writer and historian Ramchandra Guha state that that environmental journalist Mukul Sharma found that that Anna Hazare forced the Dalit families in Ralegan Siddhi to adopt a vegetarian diet. tribals. who took the initiative to organise this function donated an amount of Rs 2. and that no campaigning was allowed during state and national elections. launched an attack on him alleging that "the moral core of Hazare has been ripped apart" by the Justice P B Sawant Commission. Pawar said that on 16 June 1998.[138] Two days ahead of Hazare's proposed indefinite fast on 16 August 2011.Fraud during fasts A cardiologist from Pune.[142] Dalit columnists like Chandrabhan Prasad have opined that the movement initiated by Anna Hazare against corruption and for the Jan Lokpal bill is taking us to a situation of rejecting representative democracy and also alleged that this movement is an upper-caste uprising against India's political democracy.[140] Hazare himself responded to the allegation by daring the government to file a First Information Report (FIR) against him to prove the charges. the Indian National Congress.950 to the trust by cheque soon after the function. claimed that the commission had remarked about "irregularities" in the accounts. manuvadi movement. The trust spent Rs 2. And as a dalit.18 lakh for the function. We oppose it. that he was given glucose and electrolyte solutions during a fast. symbols used by the movement clearly reflects its upper caste Hindu nature. including four ministers in the state as well as the "Hind Swaraj Trust" headed by Hazare.

[145] Later. who was denied permission to protest against Anna Hazare.[147] Activist Medha Patkar also strongly criticised Roy. as such mass mobilisations coercing the government with a "set of solutions" against constitutional processes could also be used against affirmative action.[150] Anna supports violence selectively Hazare. another activist. acknowledged his belief in violence after his infamous remark "just one slap" in which the victim of violence was Sharad Pawar. [151] Conspiracy to murder Hazare Anna Hazare has exposed large corruption in co-operative sugar factories of Maharashtra. The participants said that they were asked to shout slogans against Anna. The website of the newspaper published many responses to her article and these were mostly critical of her views. The Anna Hazare movement has certainly posed a great challenge for the saffron government at the end of 1996. Bhukhari was subsequently criticised for being a Royal Imam and the communal comments being his personal views which did not represent the view of ordinary Muslims. Hazare was accused of working for RSS and BJP's behest.[146] Accusation of being nonsecular On 22 August 2011 writer-actor Arundhati Roy accused Hazare in a newspaper article of being nonsecular. a rival in maharashtra in terms of popularity.Padamsinh Bajirao .[149] The Shiv Sena is also facing serious problems from the social activist Anna Hazare who has accused its ministers of corruption and demanded their resignation. One of the sugar factories which Anna exposed corruption of is controlled by Dr. exploiting their desperation. and is a threat to democracy. The Anna Hazare movement began in late November when he went on fast against the corrupt practices of the Shiv Sena ministers.There was also an allegation that an RTI activist was denied permission to protest by having a fast-unto-death at Ralegan Siddhi. both may close ranks.[144] During his protest against corruption. the grama sabha stating that the reason was that only Anna Hazare can hold such fasts in his village. Initially the Hazare movement had created a rift between the Shiv Sena and the BJP but with Gopinath Munde himself under a cloud. saying that her views were misplaced.[148] Hazare has in the past stood in firm opposition to the Shiv Sena and BJP governments in Maharashtra. Udit Raj. She questioned his secular credentials pointing out Hazare's "support for Raj Thackeray's Marathi Manoos xenophobia and (has praised) the 'development model' of Gujarat's CM who oversaw the 2002 pogrom against Muslims". it came to light that poor dalits had been paid money of up to 200 each. Some protesters said that they had been told that it was a pro-Anna protest. Activist and writer Asghar Ali Engineer in an EPW article on Communalism and Communal Violence reported. but feel cheated after realising that it was against Anna hazare. although the organizers have denied it. The SS-BJP government is facing serious corruption charges and is greatly worried. The BJP initially supported the Hazare movement and now its deputy chief minister Gopinath Munde is also under a cloud. who imitates Gandhi in dressing. which he claimed were against the parliamentary processes will set a dangerous trend rendering the backward classes more vulnerable. warned that succumbing to Hazare's demands. and against Muslims by cleric Bukhari of the Jama Masjid.

He has lived in a small room attached to the Sant Yadavbaba temple in Ralegan Siddhi since 1975. the verdict is pending.[161] As of 16 August 2011. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.183 .[159] On 11 November 2009 Padmasinh Patil surrendered before the sessions court in Latur as per a directive of the Supreme Court and was sent to judicial remand for 14 days. he declared his bank balance of 67.[156] Padamsinh Patil approached the High Court seeking anticipatory bail but on 14 October 2009. [162] Honours.000 (US$57. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. a member of Parliament of 15th Lok Sabha and higher-ranking Leader of Nationalist Congress Party from Osmanabad. and also a prime accused and conspirator in the 2006 murder case of Indian National Congress leader Pawanraje Nimabalkar. an accused in the Nimbalkar murder case. Anna Hazare has got Z+ security.[157][158] Padmasinh Patil appealed for an anticipatory bail in Supreme Court of India which the court rejected on 6 November 2009.[152][153] The conspiracy to kill Hazare was exposed when Parasmal Jain. As of December 2011. and also offered him supari (contract killing sum) to kill Anna Hazare.[154][155] After this written confession.Patil. the Aurangabad bench of Bombay High Court rejected the anticipatory bail application of Padamsinh Patil in connection with a complaint filed by Anna after observing that there is a prima facie evidence against him. Anna appealed to the state government of Maharashtra to lodge a separate First Information Report ( FIR ) against Padamsinh Bajirao Patil for conspiring to murder him but the government did not take any action in this regard.[160] On 16 December 2009 Aurangabad bench of Bombay High Court granted bail to him. Anna Hazare decided to lodge a complaint himself and on 26 September 2009. in his written confession before a magistrate said that Padamsinh Bajirao Patil had paid a sum of 3. he lodged complaint at Parner police station of Ahmednagar District in Maharashtra against the Nationalist Congress Party (NCP) MP Padamsinha Patil for conspiring to eliminate him.000) to murder Nimbalkar. (October 2011) Year Award 2011 NDTV Indian of the Year with Arvind Kejriwal[163] 2008 Jit Gill Memorial Award 2005 Honorary Doctorate 2003 Integrity Award 1998 CARE International Award 1997 Mahaveer Award 1996 Shiromani Award 1992 Padma Bhushan 1990 Padma Shri 1989 Krishi Bhushana Award 1986 Indira Priyadarshini Vrikshamitra Award Awarding organization NDTV World Bank Gandhigram Rural University Transparency International CARE (relief agency) President of India President of India Government of Maharashtra Government of India Personal life Anna Hazare is unmarried.000. awards and international recognition This section needs additional citations for verification. On 16 April 2011.

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illustrated. Making a difference. Foundation for Research in Community Health (Bombay. Publisher-Academic Foundation. 9788171884896 Alphons. 9780415240307. Publisher. Digitized 22 Dec 2009.Ninian Smart.J. Dashrath K. ISBN 0415240301. Length 210 pages Springs of life: India's water resources Authors Ganesh Pangare. ISBN 817188489X. K. Penguin Books. 1994. Length 92 pages Religion and ecology in India and Southeast Asia Authors. Vasudha Pangare. Gosling. India) Publisher: Foundation for Research in Community Health. Panmand. (1996). Edition. Edition-illustrated.• Ralegan Siddhi Authors: Ramesh Awasthi. 2006. India). World Water Institute (Pune. Original from The University of Michigan. LCCN 96902754 • • • . Bharathi Integrated Rural Development Society.Routledge. 2001. Contributor.David L. Ninian Smart. Binayak Das.

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