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SPRING MATERIALS

SIZES & STRENGTH VALUES

ISSUE VII

March 3, 2010

Table of Contents
Alloy Steel
Music Wire - ASTM A228
UNS# K08500 & G10860

High Carbon Steel Wire/Bar


Oil Tempered Wire (Class I) - ASTM A229
UNS# K07001 & G10650

Chrome Vanadium Wire - ASTM A231


UNS# G92540

Chrome Silicon Wire - ASTM A401


UNS# G92540

Hot Rolled Alloy Bar


Hot Rolled Alloy Bar, 5160-H, 51B60-H, 4161-H, ASTM 689
UNS# G51601 & G51600

Stainless Steel Wire/Bar


Type 302 Stainless Steel Wire - ASTM A313 - AMS 5688
UNS# S30200

Type 316 Stainless Steel Wire - ASTM A313


UNS# S31600

Type T-316 Stainless Steel Bar - ASTM A313


UNS# S31600

17-7PH/17-4PH Stainless Steel Wire - ASTM A313 - AMS 5678


UNS# S17700

10

Type 17-4 Bar - ASTM A564


UNS# S17400

11

Alloy 20 Spring Tempered - ASTM B471


UNS# N08020

12

A286 Alloy Spring Tempered Wire AMS 5734

13

Copper Base Alloy Wire


Phosphor Bronze, Grade A, ASTM B159

14

Beryllium Copper, ASTM B197

15

Nickel Base Alloy Wire/Bar


Inconel X750 Spring Tempered Wire - AMS 5699
UNS# N07750

16

Type Inconel X750 Bar - ASTM B637 Grade 688


UNS# N07500

17

Inconel 600 Spring Tempered Wire - Q Q-W-390


UNS# N06600

18

Inconel 625 Spring Tempered - ASTM B446


UNS# N06625

19

Inconel 718 Spring Tempered Wire - ASTM B637


UNS# N07718

20

Inconel 718 Bar - ASTM B637


UNS# N07718

21

MP35N Spring Tempered Wire - AMS 5844


UNS# R30035

22

Elgiloy Spring Tempered Wire - AMS 5833


UNS# R30003

23

Monel 400 Spring Tempered - ASTM B164


UNS# N04400

24

Monel K-500 Spring Tempered - ASTM 4676


UNS# N05500

25

Hastelloy C-276 Spring Tempered - ASTM B574 (Chem. only)


UNS# N10276

26

Hastelloy B-2 Spring Tempered - ASTM B335


UNS# N10665

27

Titanium
Titanium Beta-C Spring Tempered Wire - AMS 4957
UNS# R58640

28

Titanium 6Al-4V Spring Tempered Wire - AMS 4957


UNS# R58640

29

Tool Steel
H-12 Tungsten Wire/Bar - ASTM A681
UNS# T20812

30

The following is provided as a reference guide

only, and not intended for design purposes.

Strength values and sizes are subject to

change. Please check with a Suhm Spring

representative for confirmation.

March 3, 2010

Suhm Spring Works - Materials Properties

Material

Material Properties

Music Wire Cold drawn. Constant tensile


ASTM A228
strength. High-quality and
UNS K08500 & good for high cycle spring
G10860
applications.

Maximum
Working
Temp.

Ultimate
Tensile
Range (ksi
min)

250F

449/230

Modulus of Approx. Design


% of Ultimate
Elasticity,
Tensile
6
psi 10
(torsional)
(E) 30
(G) 11.5

Common
Sizes
(inches)
.012" to
.250"

45%

SIZE CHART
Wire
Dia.,
inches
.012
.013
.014
.015
.016
.017
.018
.020
.022
.024
.025

Wire
Dia.,
inches
.026
.027
.028
.029
.030
.031
.032
.033
.035
.036
.037

Wire
Wire
Wire
Wire
Dia.,
Dia.,
Dia.,
Dia.,
inches
inches
inches
inches
.038
.054
.072
.095
.039
.055
.075
.098
.040
.056
.076
.100
.041
.057
.078
.105
.042
.058
.080
.109
.044
.059
.082
.110
.045
.062
.085
.112
.047
.063
.090
.113
.048
.065
.091
.114
.050
.067
.093
.118
.051
.070
.094
.120
* Sizes up to .283 dia. are available on request.

Wire
Dia.,
inches
.124
.125
.130
.135
.138
.148
.156
.162
.170
.177
.187

Wire
Dia.,
inches
.192
.207
.225
.243
.250*

TENSILE STRENGTH CHART


Diameter,
in

.004
.005
.006
.007
.008
.009
.010
.011
.012
.013
.014
.015
.016
.018
.020

Tensile
Strength,
ksi
min max
439 485
426 471
415 459
407 449
399 441
393 434
387 428
382 422
377 417
373 412
369 408
365 404
362 400
356 393
350 387

Diameter,
in A
.022
.024
.026
.028
.030
.032
.034
.036
.038
.040
.042
.045
.048
.051
.055

Tensile
Strength,
ksi
min max
345
382
341
377
337
373
333
368
330
365
327
361
324
358
321
355
318
352
315
349
313
346
309
342
306
339
303
335
300
331

Diameter,
A

in

.059
.063
.067
.072
.076
.080
.085
.090
.095
.100
.102
.107
.110
.112
.121

Tensile
Strength,
ksi
min max
296
327
293
324
290
321
287
317
284
314
282
312
279
308
276
305
274
303
271
300
270
299
268
296
267
295
266
294
263
290

Diameter,
A

in

.125
.130
.135
.140
.145
.150
.156
.162
.177
.192
.207
.225
.250

Tensile
Strength,
ksi
min max
261
288
259
286
258
285
256
283
254
281
253
279
251
277
249
275
245
270
241
267
238
264
235
260
230
255

A Tensile strength values for intermediate diameters may be interpolated.

These data are provided as a reference guide only and are not intended for design purposes. Strength
values and sizes are subject to change. Please check with a Suhm Spring representative for confirmation.
1

Suhm Spring Works - Materials Properties

Material

Ultimate Modulus of Approx. Design


Common
Tensile
Elasticity, % of Ultimate
Sizes
Tensile
Range (ksi
6
(inches)
psi
10
(torsional)
min)

Maximum
Working
Temp.

Material Properties

Oil Tempered
Cold drawn. All purpose
Wire, Class I
spring material. Heat treated
ASTM A229
before fabrication.
UNS K07001
Susceptible to hydrogen
& G10650
embrittlement when plated.

323/125
(class I)

250F

(E) 30
(G) 11.5

45%

.032" to
.625"

SIZE CHART
Wire
Dia., in.
.032
.035
.040
.041
.047
.051
.058

Wire
Dia., in.
.067
.072
.080
.086
.087
.091
.093

Wire
Dia., in.
.099
.100
.105
.113
.120
.125
.128

Wire
Dia., in.
.135
.148
.156
.162
.170
.172
.177

Wire
Dia., in.
.180
.187
.192
.207
.225
.235
.243

Wire
Dia., in.
.250
.262
.263
.281
.283
.295
.302

Wire
Dia., in.
.306
.312
.331
.343
.362
.406
.437

Wire
Dia., in.
.468
.500
.531
.562
.625

TENSILE STRENGTH CHART


Tensile Strength, ksi
Diameter, in.
.020
.023
.026
.029
.032
.035
.041
.048
.054
.062
.072
.080
.092
.106
.120

Class I

Class II

min max
293 323
289 319
286 316
283 313
280 310
274 304
266 296
259 289
253 283
247 277
241 271
235 265
230 260
225 255
220 250

min max
324 354
320 350
317 347
314 344
311 335
305 335
297 327
290 320
284 314
278 308
272 302
266 296
261 291
256 286
251 281

Tensile Strength, ksi


A

Diameter, in.

Class I

Class II

.135
.148
.162
.177
.192
.207
.225
.244
.250
.312
.375
.438
.500
.562
.625

min max
215 240
210 235
205 230
200 225
195 220
190 215
188 213
187 212
185 210
183 208
180 205
175 200
170 195
165 190
165 190

min max
241 266
236 261
231 256
226 251
221 246
216 241
214 239
213 238
211 236
209 234
206 231
201 226
196 221
191 216
191 216

A Tensile strength values for intermediate diameters may be interpolated.

These data are provided as a reference guide only and are not intended for design purposes. Strength
values and sizes are subject to change. Please check with a Suhm Spring representative for
confirmation.
2

Suhm Spring Works - Materials Properties

Material

Ultimate Modulus of Approx. Design


Maximum
Common
Tensile Elasticity, psi % of Ultimate
Working
Sizes
Tensile
Range (ksi
6
Temp.
(inches)
10
(torsional)
min)

Material Properties

Chrome
Cold drawn. Good for shock
Vanadium
loads and medium elevated
ASTM A-231
temperature applications.
Valve Quality:
Susceptible to hydrogen
ASTM A-232
embrittlement when plated.
AMS 6450

425F

325/190

(E) 30
(G) 11.5

45%

.043" to
.500"

SIZE CHART
Wire
Dia.,In.
.043
.046
.054
.059

Wire
Dia.,In.
.060
.062
.072
.080

Wire
Dia.,In.
.091
.092
.095
.099

Wire
Dia.,In.
.059
.085
.090

Wire
Dia.,In.
.095
.109
.125

Wire
Dia.,In.
.135
.142
.148

Wire
Wire
Dia.,In.
Dia.,In.
.102
.125
.105
.135
.113
.162
.120
.187
Valve Quality
Wire
Wire
Dia.,In.
Dia.,In.
.162
.207
.177
.243
.192
.262

Wire
Dia.,In.
.207
.225
.262
.283

Wire
Dia.,In.
.312
.331
.343
.375

Wire
Dia.,In.
.406
.437
.468

Wire
Dia.,In.
.283
.306
.331

Wire
Dia.,In.
.343

Wire
Dia.,In.

TENSILE STRENGTH CHART


Tensile Strength, ksiA
Diameter,
inches
.020
.032
.041
.054
.062
.080
.105
.135

minimum
300
290
280
270
265
255
245
235

maximum
325
315
305
295
290
275
265
255

Reduction
of Area,
minimum,
%
C
C
C
C
C
C
45
45

Tensile Strength, ksiA


Diameter,
inches
.162
.192
.244
.283
.312
.375
.438
.500

minimum
225
220
210
205
203
200
195
190

maximum
245
240
230
225
223
220
215
210

Reduction
of Area,
minimum,
%
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40

A Tensile strength values for intermediate diameters may be interpolated.


C The reduction of area test is not applicable to wire diameters under 0.092in.
Note: Valve quality material has improved surface quality.

These data are provided as a reference guide only and are not intended for design purposes. Strength
values and sizes are subject to change. Please check with a Suhm Spring representative for confirmation.
3

Suhm Spring Works - Materials Properties

Material

Material Properties

Cold drawn. Good for shock


Chrome
loads and medium elevated
Silicon
temperature applications.
ASTM A401
Susceptible to hydrogen
UNS G92540
embrittlement when plated.

Ultimate
Modulus of Approx. Design Common
Maximum
Tensile
Elasticity,
psi % of Ultimate
Working
Sizes
Tensile
Range (ksi
6
Temp.
(inches)
10
(torsional)
min)

475F

(E) 30
(G) 11.5

300/226

45%

.024" to
.625"

SIZE CHART
Wire
Dia., in.

Wire
Dia., in.

Wire
Dia., in.

Wire
Dia., in.

Wire
Dia., in.

Wire
Dia., in.

Wire
Dia., in.

Wire
Dia., in.

.024

.041

.056

.085

.109

.177

.306

.500

.025

.042

.057

.088

.113

.180

.312

.525

.028

.043

.058

.089

.120

.187

.331

.531

.029

.044

.062

.090

.125

.192

.343

.562

.030

.045

.065

.091

.128

.207

.362

.594

.031

.046

.067

.092

.135

.218

.375

.625

.033

.047

.072

.093

.142

.225

.394

.034

.049

.075

.095

.148

.234

.406

.036

.050

.076

.098

.156

.243

.421

.037

.051

.078

.100

.162

.250

.437

.038

.053

.080

.102

.167

.262

.453

.039

.054

.083

.105

.170

.281

.468

TENSILE STRENGTH CHART


Diameter,
in.

.032
.041
.054
.062
.080
.092
.120
.135
.162
.177

Tensile Strength, ksi


minimum

maximum

300
298
292
290
285
280
275
270
265
260

325
323
317
315
310
305
300
295
290
285

Reduction
of Area,
min, %
C
C
C
C
C
45
45
40
40
40

Diameter,
A

Tensile Strength, ksi

in.

minimum

maximum

.192
.219
.250
.312
.375
.438
.500
.562
.625

260
255
250
245
240
235
230
228
226

283
278
275
270
265
260
255
253
251

Reduction
of Area,
min, %
40
40
40
40
40
35
35
30
30

A Tensile strength values for intermediate diameters may be interpolated.


C The reduction of area test is not applicable to wire under 0.105 in. (2.500 mm) in diameter
Preferred sizes. For a complete list, refer to ANSI B32.4.

These data are provided as a reference guide only and are not intended for design purposes. Strength values and sizes are subject to change.
Please check with a Suhm Spring representative for confirmation.

Suhm Spring Works - Materials Properties

Material

Material Properties

5160-H
Hot-rolled special bar
.468" to 1.25"
quality, fine grained.
ASTM A689, A29
Good fatigue life.
UNS G51600
Bar Diameter
.468
.500
.531
.562
.593

Maximum
Working
Temp.

400F

Bar Diameter
.625
.656
.687
.718
.750

242/211

Bar Diameter
.781
.812
.843
.875
.906

Material

Material Properties

Maximum
Working
Temp.

51B60-H
1.25" to
1.937"
ASTM A689,
A29
UNS 51601

Hot-rolled special bar


quality, fine grained.
Good fatigue life.

400F

Bar Diameter
1.250
1.312
1.375

Bar Diameter
1.437
1.500
1.562

Bar Diameter
1.625
1.687
1.750

Material

Material Properties

4161-H 2.00"
to 2.875"
ASTM A689,
A29
UNS 41610

Hot-rolled special bar


quality, fine grained.
Good fatigue life.

400F

Bar Diameter
2.375
2.437
2.500

(E) 29
(G) 10.5

45%

Bar Diameter
.937
.968
1.000
1.032
1.062

.468" to
1.25"

Bar Diameter
1.125
1.187
1.250

Ultimate Modulus of
Approx. Design % Common
Tensile
Elasticity, of Ultimate Tensile
Sizes
Range (ksi
6
(torsional)
(inches)
psi 10
min)

242/211

Maximum
Working
Temp.

Bar Diameter
2.000
2.125
2.250

Ultimate Modulus of
Approx. Design % Common
Tensile
Elasticity, of Ultimate Tensile
Sizes
Range (ksi
6
(torsional)
(inches)
psi
10
min)

(E) 30
G) 11.0

45%

Bar Diameter
1.812
1.843
1.875

1.25" to
1.937"

Bar Diameter
1.937

Ultimate Modulus of
Approx. Design % Common
Tensile
Elasticity, of Ultimate Tensile
Sizes
Range (ksi
6
(torsional)
(inches)
psi
10
min)

242/211

(E) 30
(G) 11.0

45%

Bar Diameter
2.562
2.625
2.687

2.00" to
2.875"

Bar Diameter
2.750
2.812
2.875

COMMENTS FOR ALL ALLOYS:


Material is produced in the As Rolled" condition. Springs are manufactured via the Hot Wound
procedure, quenched and tempered. Each spring is checked for Rockwell Hardness to insure
c
c
the proper temper is achieved. Temper Hardness should range between 41 R & 49 R .

exceeds 49 Rc this could produce brittle properties, increasing failure possibilities.


Bar lengths in general range from 40 to 45.
41Rc / = 187,000 psi tensile
49Rc / = 253,000 psi tensile
Note: Virtually all Hot Rolled Alloy Bar stocked by Suhm is turned and polished.

These data are provided as a reference guide only and are not intended for design purposes. Strength
values and sizes are subject to change. Please check with a Suhm Spring representative for confirmation.
5

Suhm Spring Works - Materials Properties

Material

Material Properties

Ultimate Modulus of
Maximum
Approx. Design % Common
Tensile Elasticity,
Working
of Ultimate Tensile
Sizes
Range (ksi
6
Temp.
(torsional)
(inches)
psi
10
min)

AISI 302/304
Cold drawn. Low cost.
Stainless
Good for general purpose
Steel Wire
corrosion and elevated
ASTM A313 temperature applications.
AMS 5688
Has some magnetism in a
UNS S30200
spring temper.

500F

325/130

(E) 28
(G) 9.8

40%

Wire
Dia.,
inches
.094
.095
.097
.098
.099
.100
.102
.105
.109
.112
.113
.115
.118
.120
.125
.128
.129
.135

Wire
Dia.,
inches
.138
.140
.142
.148
.156
.162
.170
.172
.177
.179
.180
.182
.187
.192
.207
.218
.225
.234

.015" to
.500"

SIZE CHART
Wire
Dia.,
inches
.015
.016
.017
.018
.019
.020
.021
.022
.023
.024
.025
.026
.027
.028
.029
.030
.031
.032

Wire
Dia.,
inches
.033
.034
.035
.036
.037
.038
.039
.040
.041
.042
.043
.044
.045
.046
.047
.049
.050
.051

Wire
Dia.,
inches
.052
.053
.054
.055
.056
.057
.058
.059
.060
.061
.062
.064
.065
.067
.068
.069
.070
.071

Wire
Dia.,
inches
.072
.074
.075
.076
.077
.078
.080
.082
.083
.084
.085
.086
.088
.089
.090
.091
.092
.093

Wire
Dia.,
inches
.244
.250
.262
.282
.297
.306
.312
.331
.343
.362
.375
.393
.406
.437
.468
.500
.562

TENSILE STRENGTH CHART


Diameter, in.(mm)

Up to 0.009 (0.23), incl.


Over 0.009 (0.23) to 0.010 (0.25), incl.
Over 0.010 (0.25) to 0.011 (0.28), incl.
Over 0.011 (0.28) to 0.012 (0.30), incl.
Over 0.012 (0.30) to 0.013 (0.33), incl.
Over 0.013 (0.33) to 0.014 (0.36), incl.
Over 0.014 (0.36) to 0.015 (0.38), incl.
Over 0.015 (0.38) to 0.016 (0.41), incl.
Over 0.016 (0.41) to 0.017 (0.43), incl.
Over 0.017 (0.43) to 0.018 (0.46), incl.
Over 0.018 (0.46) to 0.020 (0.51), incl.
Over 0.020 (0.51) to 0.022 (0.56), incl.
Over 0.022 (0.56) to 0.024 (0.61), incl.
Over 0.024 (0.61) to 0.026 (0.66), incl.
Over 0.026 (0.66) to 0.028 (0.71), incl.
Over 0.028 (0.71) to 0.031 (0.79), incl.
Over 0.031 (0.79) to 0.034 (0.86), incl.
Over 0.034 (0.86) to 0.037 (0.94), incl.
Over 0.037 (0.94) to 0.041 (1.04), incl.
Over 0.041 (1.04) to 0.045 (1.14), incl.

Tensile Strength, PSI (Mpa)


minimum
325,000 (2240)
320,000 (2205)
318,000 (2190)
316,000 (2180)
314,000 (2165)
312,000 (2150)
310,000 (2135)
308,000 (2125)
306,000 (2110)
304,000 (2095)
300,000 (2070)
296,000 (2040)
292,000 (2015)
291,000 (2005)
289,000 (1995)
285,000 (1965)
282,000 (1945)
280,000 (1930)
275,000 (1895)
272,000 (1875)

maximum
355,000 (2450)
350,000 (2415)
348,000 (2400)
346,000 (2385)
344,000 (2370)
342,000 (2360)
340,000 (2345)
338,000 (2330)
336,000 (2315)
334,000 (2300)
330,000 (2275)
326,000 (2250)
322,000 (2220)
320,000 (2205)
318,000 (2190)
315,000 (2170)
310,000 (2135)
308,000 (2125)
304,000 (2095)
300,000 (2070)

Over 0.045 (1.14) to 0.050 (1.27), incl.


267,000 (1840)
Over 0.050 (1.27) to 0.054 (1.37), incl.
265,000 (1825)
Over 0.054 (1.37) to 0.058 (1.47), incl.
261,000 (1800)
Over 0.058 (1.47) to 0.063 (1.60), incl.
258,000 (1780)
Over 0.063 (1.60) to 0.070 (1.78), incl.
252,000 (1735)
Over 0.070 (1.78) to 0.075 (1.90), incl.
250,000 (1725)
Over 0.075 (1.90) to 0.080 (2.03), incl.
246,000 (1695)
Over 0.080 (2.03) to 0.087 (2.21), incl.
242,000 (1670)
Over 0.087 (2.21) to 0.095 (2.41), incl.
238,000 (1640)
Over 0.095 (2.41) to 0.105 (2.67), incl.
232,000 (1600)
Over 0.105 (2.67) to 0.115 (2.92), incl.
227,000 (1565)
Over 0.115 (2.92) to 0.125 (3.17), incl.
222,000 (1530)
Over 0.125 (3.17) to 0.135 (3.43), incl.
217,000 (1495)
Over 0.135 (3.43) to 0.148 (3.76), incl.
210,000 (1450)
Over 0.148 (3.76) to 0.162 (4.11), incl.
205,000 (1415)
Over 0.162 (4.11) to 0.177 (4.50), incl.
198,000 (1365)
Over 0.177 (4.50) to 0.192 (4.88), incl.
194,000 (1335)
Over 0.192 (4.88) to 0.207 (5.26), incl.
188,000 (1295)
Over 0.207 (5.26) to 0.225 (5.72), incl.
182,000 (1255)
Over 0.225 (5.72) to 0.250 (6.35), incl.
175,000 (1205)
Over 0.250 (6.35) to 0.278 (7.06), incl.
168,000 (1160)
Over 0.278 (7.06) to 0.306 (7.77), incl.
161,000 (1110)
Over 0.306 (7.77) to 0.331 (8.41), incl.
155,000 (1070)
Over 0.331 (8.41) to 0.362 (9.19), incl.
150,000 (1035)
Over 0.362 (9.19) to 0.394 (10.00), incl
145,000 (1000)
Over 0.394 (10.00) to 0.438 (11.12), incl.
140,000 (965)
Over 0.436 (11.12) to 0.500 (12.70), incl.
135,000 (930)
Over 0.500 (12.70)
130,000 (895)
A Tensile strength values for intermediate diameters may be interpolated.

295,000
293,000
289,000
285,000
281,000
278,000
275,000
271,000
268,000
262,000
257,000
253,000
248,000
241,000
235,000
228,000
225,000
220,000
214,000
205,000
198,000
192,000
186,000
180,000
175,000
170,000
165,000
160,000

(2035)
(2020)
(1990)
(1965)
(1935)
(1915)
(1895)
(1870)
(1850)
(1805)
(1770)
(1745)
(1710)
(1660)
(1620)
(1570)
(1550)
(1515)
(1475)
(1415)
(1365)
(1325)
(1280)
(1240)
(1205)
(1170)
(1150)
(1105)

These data are provided as a reference guide only and are not intended for design purposes. Strength
values and sizes are subject to change. Please check with a Suhm Spring representative for
confirmation.
7

Suhm Spring Works - Materials Properties

Material

Material Properties

AISI 316
Cold drawn. Better
Stainless
corrosion resistance than
Steel Wire 302/304. Good for elevated
ASTM A313
temperatures. No
UNS S31600
magnetism.

Ultimate Modulus of
Maximum
Approx. Design %
Tensile
Elasticity, of Ultimate Tensile
Working
Range (ksi
6
Temp.
(torsional)
psi 10
min)

550F

245/110

(E) 28
(G) 9.8

Common
Sizes
(inches)

.017" to
.500"

40%

SIZE CHART
Wire
Dia.,
in.
.017
.018
.020
.022
.023
.024
.025
.026
.027
.028

Wire
Dia.,
in.
.029
.030
.031
.032
.033
.034
.035
.036
.037
.038

Wire
Dia.,
in.
.039
.040
.041
.042
.043
.044
.045
.047
.049
.050

Wire
Dia.,
in.
.051
.054
.055
.056
.057
.058
.059
.060
.062
.065

Wire
Dia.,
in.
.067
.068
.070
.072
.076
.078
.080
.082
.083
.084

Wire
Dia.,
in.
.085
.086
.088
.090
.091
.094
.095
.098
.100
.101

Wire
Dia.,
in.
.105
.106
.109
.112
.115
.118
.120
.125
.135
.138

Wire
Dia.,
in.
.142
.148
.156
.162
.172
.177
.187
.192
.203
.207

Wire
Dia.,
in.
.218
.225
.234
.250
.262
.282
.283
.292
.300
.306

Wire
Dia.,
in.
.312
.331
.343
.362
.375
.406
.437
.468
.500
.562

TENSILE STRENGTH CHART


Diameter, in.(mm)
Up to 0.010 (0.25), incl.
Over 0.010 (0.25) to 0.015 (0.38), incl.
Over 0.015 (0.38) to 0.024 (0.61), incl.
Over 0.024 (0.61) to 0.041 (1.04), incl.
Over 0.041 (1.04) to 0.047 (1.19), incl.
Over 0.047 (1.19) to 0.054 (1.37), incl.
Over 0.054 (1.37) to 0.062 (1.57), incl.
Over 0.062 (1.57) to 0.072 (1.83), incl.
Over 0.072 (1.82) to 0.080 (2.03), incl.
Over 0.080 (2.03) to 0.092 (2.34), incl.
Over 0.092 (2.34) to 0.105 (2.67), incl.
Over 0.105 (2.67) to 0.120 (3.05), incl.
Over 0.120 (3.05) to 0.148 (3.76), incl.
Over 0.148 (3.76) to 0.166 (4.22), incl.
Over 0.166 (4.22) to 0.177 (4.50), incl.
Over 0.177 (4.50) to 0.207 (5.26), incl.
Over 0.207 (5.26) to 0.225 (5.72), incl.
Over 0.225 (5.72) to 0.250 (6.35), incl.
Over 0.250 (6.35) to 0.312 (7.92), incl.
Over 0.312 (7.92) to 0.375 (9.53), incl.
Over 0.375 (9.53) to 0.500 (12.70), incl.
Over 0.500 (12.70)

Tensile Strength, PSI (Mpa)


minimum
245,000 (1690)
240,000 (1655)
235,000 (1620)
235,000 (1620)
230,000 (1585)
225,000 (1550)
220,000 (1515)
215,000 (1480)
210,000 (1450)
205,000 (1415)
200,000 (1380)
195,000 (1345)
185,000 (1275)
180,000 (1240)
170,000 (1170)
160,000 (1105)
155,000 (1070)
150,000 (1035)
140,000 (965)
135,000 (930)
130,000 (895)
125,000 (850)

maximum
275,000 (1895)
270,000 (1860)
265,000 (1825)
265,000 (1825)
260,000 (1790)
255,000 (1760)
250,000 (1725)
245,000 (1690)
240,000 (1655)
235,000 (1620)
230,000 (1585)
225,000 (1550)
215,000 (1480)
210,000 (1450)
200,000 (1380)
190,000 (1310)
185,000 (1275)
180,000 (1240)
170,000 (1170)
165,000 (1140)
160,000 (1105)
155,000 (1970)

A When wire is specified in straightened and cut lengths, the minimum tensile strength shall be 90% of the values listed in the table.

These data are provided as a reference guide only and are not intended for design purposes. Strength
values and sizes are subject to change. Please check with a Suhm Spring representative for
confirmation.
8

Suhm Spring Works - Materials Properties

Material

Material Properties

T-316 Stainless
Cold drawn. Better
Steel Bar
corrosion resistance than
ASTM A276
302/304. Good for
Cond B
elevated temperatures. No
UNS S31600
magnetism.

Ultimate Modulus of
Maximum
Approx. Design % Common
Tensile Elasticity, psi
Working
of Ultimate Tensile
Sizes
Range (ksi
6
Temp.
(torsional)
(inches)
10
min)

550F

245/11

(E) 28
(G) 9.8

40%

.562" to
1.750"

SIZE CHART
Bar
Dia.,
in.
.562
.593
.625

Bar
Dia.,
in.
.656
.687
.750

Bar
Dia.,
in.
.812
.875
.906

Bar
Dia.,
in.
.938
.968
1.000

Bar
Dia.,
in.
1.063
1.125
1.188

Bar
Dia.,
in.
1.250
1.313
1.375

Bar
Dia.,
in.
1.438
1.500
1.562

Bar
Dia.,
in.
1.625
1.750

TENSILE STRENGTH CHART


Diameter, in.
up to .750
over .750 to 1.000
over 1.000 to 1.250
over 1.25 to 1.500
over 1.500 to 1.750

Tensile Strength, ksi


minimum
125
115
105
100
95

Elongation in 2 in. or 4D,


minimum %
12
15
20
24
28

Reduction of Area,
minimum, %
35
35
35
45
45

These data are provided as a reference guide only and are not intended for design purposes. Strength
values and sizes are subject to change. Please check with a Suhm Spring representative for confirmation.
9

Suhm Spring Works - Materials Properties

Material

Maximum
Working
Temp.

Material Properties

17-7PH
Stainless
Age hardened. High
Steel Wire
tensile strength. Good for
ASTM A313
general corrosion
AMS 5678
resistance. No magnetism.
UNS
S17700

550F

Ultimate
Modulus of Approx. Design
Tensile
Elasticity, psi % of Ultimate
Tensile
Range (ksi
6
10
(torsional)
min)

365/230

(E) 29
(G) 11.0

Common
Sizes
(inches)

.017" to
.562"

45%

SIZE CHART
Wire
Dia.,
in.
.017
.018
.020
.022
.023
.024
.025
.026
.027
.028

Wire
Dia.,
in.
.029
.030
.031
.032
.033
.034
.035
.036
.037
.038

Wire
Dia.,
in..
.039
.040
.041
.042
.043
.044
.045
.047
.049
.050

Wire
Dia.,
in.
.051
.054
.055
.056
.057
.058
.059
.060
.062
.065

Wire
Dia.,
in.
.067
.068
.070
.072
.076
.078
.080
.082
.083
.084

Wire
Dia.,
in.
.085
.086
.088
.090
.091
.094
.095
.098
.100
.101

Wire
Dia.,
in.
.105
.106
.109
.112
.115
.118
.120
.125
.135
.138

Wire
Dia.,
in..
.142
.148
.156
.162
.172
.177
.187
.192
.203
.207

Wire
Dia.,
in.
.218
.225
.234
.250
.262
.282
.283
.292
.300
.306

Wire
Dia.,
in.
.312
.331
.343
.362
.375
.406
.437
.468
.500
.562

TENSILE STRENGTH CHART


Tensile Strength

Diameter, in.(mm)
0.010 (0.25) to 0.015 (0.38), incl.
Over 0.015 (0.38) to 0.020 (0.51), incl.
Over 0.020 (0.51) to 0.029 (0.74), incl.
Over 0.029 (0.74) to 0.041 (1.04), incl.
Over 0.051 (1.30) to 0.061 (1.55), incl
Over 0.061 (1.55) to 0.071 (1.80), incl.
Over 0.071 (1.80) to 0.086 (2.15), incl.
Over 0.086 (2.15) to 0.090 (2.18), incl.
Over 0.090 (2.18) to 0.100 (2.54), incl.
Over 0.100 (2.54) to 0.106 (2.69), incl
Over 0.106 (2.69) to 0.130 (3.30), incl.
Over 0.130 (3.30) to 0.138 (3.50), incl.
Over 0.138 (3.50) to 0.146 (3.71), incl.
Over 0.146 (3.71) to 0.162 (4.11), incl.
Over 0.162 (4.11) to 0.180 (4.57), incl.
Over 0.180 (4.57) to 0.207 (5.26), incl.
Over 0.207 (5.26) to 0.225 (5.72), incl.
Over 0.225 (5.72) to 0.306 (7.77), incl.
Over 0.306 (7.77) to 0.440 (11.2), incl.
Over 0.440 (11.2) to 0.625 (15.88), incl.

Cold Drawn
Condition C, psi
(Mpa) nominal
295,000 (2035)
290,000 (2000)
285,000 (1965)
270,000 (1860)
265,000 (1825)
257,000 (1770)
255,000 (1760)
245,000 (1690)
242,000 (1670)
238,000 (1640)
236,000 (1625)
230,000 (1585)
228,000 (1570)
226,000 (1560)
224,000 (1545)
222,000 (1530)
218,000 (1505)
213,000 (1470)
207,000 (1425)
203,000 (1400)

Condition CH-900B,
psi (Mpa),
minimum
335,000 (2310)
330,000 (2275)
325,000 (2240)
310,000 (2135)
305,000 (2100)
297,000 (2050)
292,000 (2015)
292,000 (1945)
279,000 (1925)
274,000 (1890)
272,000 (1875)
260,000 (1795)
258,000 (1780)
256,000 (1765)
254,000 (1750)
252,000 (1740)
248,000 (1710)
242,000 (1670)
235,000 (1620)
230,000 (1585)

Condition CH-900B,
psi (Mpa), maximum
365,000 (2515)
360,000 (2480)
355,000 (2450)
340,000 (2345)
335,000 (2310)
327,000 (2255)
322,000 (2220)
312,000 (2150)
309,000 (2130)
304,000 (2095)
302,000 (2080)
290,000 (2000)
288,000 (1985)
286,000 (1970)
284,000 (1960)
282,000 (1945)
278,000 (1915)
272,000 (1875)
265,000 (1825)
260,000 (1795)

B Aged at 900 F (482 C) for one hour and air cooled.

These data are provided as a reference guide only and are not intended for design purposes. Strength
values and sizes are subject to change. Please check with a Suhm Spring representative for confirmation.
10

Suhm Spring Works - Materials Properties

Material

Ultimate
Tensile
Range (ksi
min)

Maximum
Material Properties Working
Temp.

Age hardened. High


17-4PH Bar
tensile strength.
ASTM A564
Good for general
UNS S17400 corrosion resistance.
No magnetism.

550F

200 max

Modulus of Approx. Design


% of Ultimate
Common Sizes
Elasticity,
Tensile
(inches)
6
psi 10
(torsional)
(E) 29
(G) 11.2

45%

.562" to 2.875"

SIZE CHART
Bar Diameter,
inches
.562
.625
.688
.750
.812
.875
.938
1.000
1.063

Bar Diameter,
inches
1.125
1.188
1.250
1.313
1.375
1.438
1.500
1.563
1.625

Bar Diameter,
inches
1.688
1.750
1.813
1.938
2.000
2.063
2.125
2.188
2.250

Bar Diameter,
inches
2.313
2.375
2.438
2.500
2.563
2.625
2.688
2.750
2.875

COMMENTS:
Material is produced in the Cold Rolled / Annealed condition. After coiling springs should be aged
to the H 900 condition. Bars with hardness value of 44 Rc will have estimated tensile of 200 KSI.
As a general rule, bar lengths are 12 feet long. Some sizes are available up to 20 feet in length.
Check with a Suhm representative to verify lengths.

These data are provided as a reference guide only and are not intended for design purposes. Strength
values and sizes are subject to change. Please check with a Suhm Spring representative for confirmation.
11

Suhm Spring Works - Materials Properties

Material

Ultimate Modulus of
Maximum
Approx. Design % Common
Tensile Elasticity, psi
Working
of Ultimate
Sizes
Range (ksi
6
Temp.
Tensile (torsional) (inches)
10
min)

Material Properties

Excellent mechanical
Alloy 20
properties and easily
Spring
fabricated. Moderate to
Tempered
good corrosion resistance.
Wire
Used extensively in
ASTM B473
petrochemical and refining
UNS N08020
applications.

200/125

(E) 29
(G) 10.9

.025" to
.362"

45%

SIZE CHART
Wire
Dia.,In.
.025
.026
.027
.028
.029
.030
.031
.032
.033
.034
.035
.036

Wire
Dia.,In.
.037
.038
.039
.040
.041
.042
.043
.044
.045
.046
.047
.049

Wire
Dia.,In.
.050
.051
.052
.053
.054
.055
.056
.057
.058
.059
.060
.061

Wire
Dia.,In.
.062
.064
.065
.067
.068
.069
.070
.071
.072
.074
.075
.076

Wire
Dia.,In.
.077
.078
.080
.082
.083
.084
.085
.086
.088
.089
.090
.091

Wire
Dia.,In.
.092
.093
.094
.095
.097
.098
.099
.100
.102
.105
.109
.112

Wire
Dia.,In.
.113
.115
.118
.120
.125
.128
.129
.135
.138
.140
.142
.148

Wire
Dia.,In.
.156
.162
.187
.207
.234
.235
.262
.362

TENSILE STRENGTH CHART


Tensile Strength, ksi
Diameter, in.

Diameter, mm

Over 0.010 to 0.030


Over 0.030 to 0.060
Over 0.060 to 0.075
Over 0.075 to 0.100
Over 0.100 to 0.125
Over 0.125 to 0.140
Over 0.140 to 0.187
Over 0.187 to 0.250
Over 0.250 to 0.312
Over 0.312 to 0.375

Over 0.254 to 0.762


Over 0.762 to 1.52
Over 1.52 to 1.90
Over 1.90 to 2.54
Over 2.54 to 3.18
Over 3.18 to 3.56
Over 3.56 to 4.75
Over 4.75 to 6.35
Over 6.35 to 7.92
Over 7.92 to 9.52

minimum
200
195
190
185
180
170
160
150
135
125

maximum
230
225
220
215
210
200
190
180
165
155

These data are provided as a reference guide only and are not intended for design purposes. Strength
values and sizes are subject to change. Please check with a Suhm Spring representative for confirmation.
12

Suhm Spring Works - Materials Properties

Material

Material Properties

A-286 Spring
Tempered
Cold drawn. Good
Wire
corrosion resistance. Good
AMS 5734
for use in elevated
and others
temperature applications.
UNS S66286

Ultimate Modulus of Approx. Design


Maximum
Tensile Elasticity, psi % of Ultimate
Working
Tensile
Range (ksi
6
Temp.
10
(torsional)
min)

900F

200/160

(E) 29.1
(G) 10.4

45%

Common
Sizes
(inches)

.040" to
.295"

SIZE CHART
Wire Dia.,In.
0.040
0.093
0.125

Wire
Dia.,In.
0.148
0.150
0.207

Wire
Dia.,In.
0.250
0.295

These data are provided as a reference guide only and are not intended for design purposes. Strength
values and sizes are subject to change. Please check with a Suhm Spring representative for confirmation.
13

Suhm Spring Works - Materials Properties


Modulus of
Maximum
Ultimate
Working Tensile Range Elasticity,
6
Temp.
(ksi min)
psi 10

Material
Properties

Material

Cold drawn. Good


Phosphor Bronze
electrical
Wire Grade A
conductivity. Good
ASTM B159 H08
corrosion
UNS C51000
resistance.

200F

145/105

(E) 15
(G) 6.25

Approx. Design
% of Ultimate
Tensile
(torsional)

Common
Sizes
(inches)

40%

.010" to
.468"

SIZE CHART
Wire
Dia., in.

Wire
Dia., in.

Wire
Dia., in.

Wire
Dia., in.

Wire
Dia., in.

Wire
Dia., in.

Wire
Dia., in.

Wire
Dia., in.

.010

.025

.045

.072

.109

.144

.204

.468

.012

.028

.051

.080

.114

.156

.244

.015

.032

.057

.091

.120

.162

.250

.018

.036

.062

.095

.125

.182

.312

.020

.040

.064

.101

.128

.187

.406

TENSILE STRENGTH CHART


Diameter, in.(mm)
.025 and under
over .025 to .0625 (.060 to 1.6)
over .0625 to .125 (1.6 to 3.0)
over .125 to .250 (3.0 to 6.0)
over .250 to .375 (6.0 to 10)
over .375 to .500 (10 to 16)

Tensile Strength, PSI (Mpa),


minimum
145,000 (1000)
135,000 (930)
130.000 (890)
125,000 (850)
120,000 (830)
105,000 (720)

Elongation in 2 inches (50 mm)


minimum, %
....
....
....
....
5.0
9.0

These data are provided as a reference guide only and are not intended for design purposes. Strength
values and sizes are subject to change. Please check with a Suhm Spring representative for
confirmation.
14

Suhm Spring Works - Materials Properties

Material

Material Properties

Beryllium
Copper Wire
ASTM B197

Cold drawn. Good


electrical conductivity.
Good corrosion
resistance.

Ultimate Modulus of
Maximum
Tensile
Elasticity,
Working
Range (ksi
6
Temp.
psi 10
min)
400F

230/150

Approx. Design
% of Ultimate
Tensile
(torsional)

Common
Sizes
(inches)

45%

.010" to
.468"

(E) 18.5
(G) 7.2

SIZE CHART
Wire
Dia.,In.
.010
.0113
.0126
.014
.016
.020
.025

Wire
Dia.,In.
.028
.032
.035
.040
.045
.050
.051

Wire
Dia.,In.
.052
.055
.057
.060
.064
.072
.080

Wire
Dia.,In.
.085
.093
.095
.099
.125
.156
.1645

Wire
Dia.,In.
.187
.468

Comment
Beryllium Copper has several temper designations. The application
determines which temper to use. Call your Suhm representative for
details.

These data are provided as a reference guide only and are not intended for design purposes.
Strength values and sizes are subject to change. Please check with a Suhm Spring representative for
confirmation.
15

Suhm Spring Works - Materials Properties

Material

Ultimate Modulus of
Maximum
Approx. Design % Common
Tensile Elasticity, psi
Working
of Ultimate
Sizes
Range (ksi
6
Temp.
Tensile (torsional) (inches)
10
min)

Material Properties

Inconel X-750 Cold drawn, age hardened.


Spring
Good corrosion resistance.
Tempered
Good for use in elevated
Wire
temperature applications.
AMS 5699 Good for use in Sour-Gas
UNS N07750
applications.

700F

230/180

(E) 29
(G) 11.2

.005" to
.750"

45%

SIZE CHART
Wire
Dia., in.
.005
.007
.008
.010
.012
.014
.015
.016
.018
.020

Wire
Dia.,
in.
.022
.023
.025
.028
.030
.032
.035
.038
.040
.041

Wire
Dia.,
in.
.044
.045
.047
.050
.051
.052
.054
.055
.057
.058

Wire
Dia.,
in.
.059
.062
.072
.080
.093
.099
.100
.101
.105
.109

Wire
Dia.,
in.
.114
.115
.125
.135
.144
.148
.156
.162
.172
.177

Wire
Dia.,
in.
.182
.187
.192
.207
.218
.225
.234
.243
.250
.262

Wire
Dia.,
in.
.281
.295
.312
.331
.343
.362
.375
.406
.437
.468

Wire
Dia.,
in.
.500
.531
.562
.625
.750

SS-X750
Suhm Coil Spring Works Wire Specification for Inconel X-750
Suhm Spring Specification
SS-X750

Heat Treat
1200F Min. / 4 Hrs. Min

Notes
Must meet and be certified to AMS-5699E
Chemicals Only, Physical Properties are to
meet SS-X750.
Solution Heat Treat and Original Mill Required
NACE MR-01-75

Physical Properties for SS-X750


Sizes

Min. Tensile

Min. Yield

Min. Elong. %

Min. R of A
%

HRC Max.

0.0 - .125
.126 - .250
.251 - .437
.438 - .500
.501 - All

220,000
220,000
210,000
200,000
180,000

200,000
200,000
190,000
175,000
160,000

4
4
6
8
8

20
20
20
20
20

50
50
50
50
50

These data are provided as a reference guide only and are not intended for design purposes. Strength
values and sizes are subject to change. Please check with a Suhm Spring representative for confirmation.
16

Suhm Spring Works - Materials Properties

Material

Material Properties

Ultimate Modulus of
Maximum
Approx. Design % Common
Tensile Elasticity, psi
Working
of Ultimate
Sizes
Range (ksi
6
Temp.
Tensile (torsional) (inches)
10
min)

Cold drawn. Good corrosion


Inconel
resistance. Good for use in
X-750 Bar
elevated temperature
ASTM B637
applications. Good for use in
UNS N07500
Sour-Gas applications.

700F

170

(E) 29
(G) 11.2

45%

.750" to
2.500"

SIZE CHART
Bar Dia., in.
.750
.812
.956
.968
1.000

Bar Dia., in.


1.125
1.150
1.187
1.312
1.325

Bar Dia., in.


1.375
1.500
1.625
1.750
2.125

Bar Dia., in.


2.250
2.500

Tensile and Hardness Requirements

Alloy
N07750
c

Type 2

Heat Treatment
solution at 1800F
(982C) +
precipitation
harden

Tensile
Strength,
min, psi
(Mpa)

Yield
Strength
(0.2% offset),
min, psi
(Mpa)

170,000
(1170)

115,000
(790)

Elongation in
2 in. (50 mm)
or 4D, min, %

Reduction
of Area,
min, %

Brinell
Hardness

18

18

302 to 363

COMMENTS:
Material is produced in either the solution annealed or solution annealed/aged condition. This
specification only requires that minimum strength values be met. If necessary check with a Suhm
representative to obtain actual capabilities for tensile and yield. Aging time and temperatures are
extensive (20 Hrs. @ 1300F) to produce the required strengths.
Bar lengths in general will average 12 to 14; however, Suhm maintains a stocking arrangement to
have available 10 - 20 lengths on some sizes. Some sizes are available in lengths up to 35'.
Check with a Suhm representative to verify sizes and lengths.

These data are provided as a reference guide only and are not intended for design purposes. Strength
values and sizes are subject to change. Please check with a Suhm Spring representative for confirmation.
17

Suhm Spring Works - Materials Properties

Material

Material Properties

Cold drawn. Good


Inconel 600
corrosion resistance. Good
QQ-W-390
for use in elevated
UNS N06600
temperature applications.

Ultimate Modulus
Maximum
Approx. Design % of Common
of
Tensile
Working
Ultimate Tensile
Sizes
Range (ksi Elasticity,
Temp.
(torsional)
(inches)
6
min)
psi 10
700F

205/120

(E) 29
G) 11.0

45%

.005" to
.750"

SIZE CHART
Wire
Dia., in.
.005
.007
.008
.009
.010
.012

Wire
Dia., in.
.014
.015
.017
.018
.021
.022

Wire
Dia., in.
.025
.032
.045
.050
.054
.062

Wire
Dia., in.
.072
.080
.093
.105
.114
.125

Wire
Dia., in.
.135
.148
.156
.162
.177
.187

Wire
Dia., in.
.192
.207
.225
.243
.250
.312

Wire
Dia., in.
.343
.375
.406
.437
.500
.562

Wire
Dia., in.
.625
.750

TENSILE STRENGTH CHARTA


Tensile Strength, psi (Mpa)
minimum
maximum

Diameter, in.(mm)
Annealed
Under 0.032 (0.81)
0.032 (0.81) and over
Cold-worked, regular temper, all sizes
Cold-worked, spring temper
Up to 0.057 (1.45), incl.
Over 0.057 (1.45 to 0.114 (2.90), incl.
Over 0.114 (2.90) to 0.229 (5.82), incl.
Over 0.229 (5.82) to 0.329 (8.36), incl.
Over 0.329 (8.36) to 0.375 (9.53), incl.
Over 0.375 (9.53) to 0.500 (12.7), incl.
Over 0.500 (12.7) to 0.563 (14.3), incl.

80,000 (552)
80,000 (552)
120,000 (827)
......
185,000 (1276)
175,000 (1207)
170,000 (1172)
165,000 (1138)
160,000 (1103)
155,000 (1069)
140,000 (965)

115,000 (793)
105,000 (724)
165,000 (1138)
......
......
......
......
......
......
......

A Tensile strengths not available for sizes larger than .563".

These data are provided as a reference guide only and are not intended for design purposes. Strength
values and sizes are subject to change. Please check with a Suhm Spring representative for confirmation.
18

Suhm Spring Works - Materials Properties

Material

Material Properties

Inconel 625
Cold drawn. Good
Spring
corrosion resistance.
Tempered Wire
Good for use in elevated
ASTM B446
temperature applications.
UNS N06625

Ultimate Modulus of
Maximum
Approx. Design % Common
Tensile
Elasticity,
Working
of Ultimate
Sizes
Range (ksi
6
Temp.
Tensile (torsional) (inches)
psi
10
min)

(E) 29
(G) 11.0

120

45%

.012" to
.175"

SIZE CHART
Wire
Dia.,In.
.012
.023
.029

Wire
Dia.,In.
.033
.054
.091

Wire
Dia.,In.
.092
.104
.105

Wire
Dia.,In.
.112
.120
.135

Wire
Dia.,In.
.148
.160
.177

Wire
Dia.,In.
.207
.562

COMMENTS:
There is currently not a standard/specification which covers tensile/yield strength values for
spring tempered wire. Tensile strengths should be comparable to Inconel X750; however,
please check with a Suhm representative for actual strength values.
Larger sizes can be obtained in the spring tempered condition. Check with a Suhm
representative for further information.

These data are provided as a reference guide only and are not intended for design purposes. Strength
values and sizes are subject to change. Please check with a Suhm Spring representative for confirmation.
19

Suhm Spring Works - Materials Properties

Material

Material Properties

Inconel 718
Age hardened. Good
Spring
corrosion resistance. Good
Tempered
for use in elevated
Wire
temperature applications.
ASTM B637
No magnetism
UNS N07718

Ultimate Modulus of Approx. Design


Maximum
Tensile Elasticity, psi % of Ultimate
Working
Tensile
Range (ksi
6
Temp.
10
(torsional)
min)

1200F

250/210

(E) 29
(G) 11.2

45%

Common
Sizes
(inches)

.012" to
.275"

SIZE CHART
Wire
Dia., in.
.012
.014
.015
.016
.017
.018
.019
.020
.021
.022
.023
.024
.025
.026
.027
.028

Wire
Dia., in.
.029
.030
.031
.032
.033
.034
.035
.036
.037
.038
.039
.040
.041
.042
.043
.044

Wire
Dia., in.
.045
.046
.047
.049
.050
.051
.052
.053
.054
.055
.056
.057
.058
.059
.060
.061

Wire
Dia., in.
.080
.082
.083
.084
.085
.086
.087
.088
.089
.090
.091
.092
.093
.094
.095
.097

Wire
Dia., in.
.062
.063
.064
.065
.066
.067
.068
.069
.070
.071
.072
.074
.075
.076
.077
.078

Wire
Dia., in.
.098
.099
.100
.102
.105
.107
.109
.110
.112
.113
.115
.118
.120
.122
.125
.127

Wire
Dia., in.
.128
.129
.135
.138
.140
.141
.142
.144
.148
.156
.157
.162
.165
.170
.172
.177

Wire
Dia., in.
.179
.180
.182
.187
.192
.200
.202
.207
.218
.225
.234
.244
.250
.262
.275

COMMENTS:
There is currently not a standard/specification which covers tensile/yield strength values for spring tempered
wire. Tensile strength should be comparable to Inconel X750, however please check with a Suhm
representative for actual strength values.
Larger sizes can be attained in the spring tempered conditions. Also bar stock is available in the solution
annealed/aged condition. Check with a Suhm representative for further information.

These data are provided as a reference guide only and are not intended for design purposes. Strength
values and sizes are subject to change. Please check with a Suhm Spring representative for
confirmation.
20

Suhm Spring Works - Materials Properties

Material

Material Properties

Age hardened. Good


Inconel 718
corrosion resistance. Good
Bar
for use in elevated
ASTM B637
temperature applications.
UNS N07718
No magnetism.

Ultimate Modulus of
Maximum
Approx. Design % Common
Tensile Elasticity, psi
Working
of Ultimate
Sizes
Range (ksi
6
Temp.
Tensile (torsional) (inches)
10
min)

1200F

250/210

(E) 29
(G) 11.2

45%

.234" to
1.500"

SIZE CHART
Bar Diameter, in.
.234
.250
.281
.359

Bar Diameter, in.


.406
.562
.573
.625

Bar Diameter, in.


.687
.734
.750
.875

Bar Diameter, in.


.885
1.420
1.500

COMMENTS:
There is currently not a standard/specification which covers tensile/yield strength values for spring tempered
wire. Tensile strength should be comparable to Inconel X750, however please check with a Suhm
representative for actual strength values.
Larger sizes can be attained in the spring tempered conditions. Also bar stock is available in the solution
annealed/aged condition. Check with a Suhm representative for further information.

These data are provided as a reference guide only and are not intended for design purposes. Strength
values and sizes are subject to change. Please check with a Suhm Spring representative for
confirmation.
21

Suhm Spring Works - Materials Properties

Material

Material Properties

Cold drawn, age hardened.


High strength. High
MP35N
modulus value and
Spring
corrosion resistance. Great
Tempered
choice for severe spring
Wire
applications. Good for
AMS 5844
applications involving the
UNS R30035
presence of Hydrogen
Sulfide.

Ultimate Modulus of
Maximum
Approx. Design % Common
Tensile Elasticity, psi
Working
of Ultimate
Sizes
Range (ksi
6
Temp.
Tensile (torsional) (inches)
10
min)

600F

(E) 34
(G) 11.74

330/230

45%

.005" to
.750"

SIZE CHART
Wire
Dia., in.
.005
.007
.008
.009
.010
.012
.014
.015

Wire
Dia., in.
.017
.018
.021
.022
.024
.025
.031
.032

Wire
Dia., in.
.035
.041
.042
.044
.045
.048
.050
.054

Wire
Dia., in.
.058
.062
.072
.080
.093
.100
.105
.114

Wire
Dia., in.
.120
.125
.135
.142
.148
.156
.162
.172

Wire
Dia., in.
.177
.187
.192
.207
.218
.225
.243
.250

Wire
Dia., in.
.283
.312
.343
.375
.406
.437
.468
.500

Wire
Dia., in.
.562
.625
*

.750

* Larger sizes available.

SS-MP35N
Suhm Coil Spring Works Wire Specification for MP35N
Suhm Spring Specification
SS-MP35N

Heat Treat
1200F Min. / 4 Hrs. Min.

Notes
Must meet and be certified to AMS-5844A
Chemicals Only. Physical Properties are to meet
SS-MP35N.
Solution Heat Treat and Original Mill Required
NACE MR-01-75-94. (55.0 HRC Max)

Physical Properties for SS-MP35N after Drawn and Aged


Sizes
.001 - .005
.006 - .100
.101 - .170
.171 - .250
.251 - .437
.438 - Over

Minimum
Tensile
Strength, ksi
300
290
280
260
240
230

Minimum
Yield, ksi
280
280
270
240
230
220

Minimum
Elongation, %
1.0
4
4
5
6
8

Minimum
Reduction of
Area, %
Report
20
20
20
20
20

HRC
40 - 55
40 - 55
40 - 55
40 - 55
40 - 55
40 - 55

These data are provided as a reference guide only and are not intended for design purposes. Strength
values and sizes are subject to change. Please check with a Suhm Spring representative for confirmation.
22

Suhm Spring Works - Materials Properties


Ultimate Modulus of
Maximum
Approx. Design % Common
Tensile Elasticity, psi
Working
of Ultimate
Sizes
Range, ksi
6
Temp.
Tensile (torsional) (inches)
10
min

Material

Material Properties

Elgiloy Spring
Tempered
Wire
AMS 5834
UNS R30003

Cold drawn. Very high


fatigue strength and long
life.

600F

350/220

(E) 29.5
(G) 11.5

45%

.005" to
.750"

SIZE CHART
Wire
Dia.,
in.
.005
.007
.008
.009
.010
.012
.013
.014
.015
.016
.017
.018

Wire
Dia.,
in.
.021
.022
.023
.024
.025
.028
.030
.031
.032
.035
.037
.040

Wire
Dia.,
in.
.041
.044
.045
.047
.048
.049
.050
.051
.054
.055
.058
.060

Wire
Dia.,
in.
.062
.065
.067
.072
.073
.080
.085
.089
.091
.093
.098
.100

Wire
Dia.,
in.
.105
.107
.109
.110
.113
.114
.120
.125
.135
.141
.142
.148

Wire
Dia.,
in.
.155
.156
.162
.172
.177
.187
.192
.200
.207
.218
.225
.242

Wire
Dia.,
in.
.243
.250
.263
.275
.306
.307
.312
.331
.343
.375
.406
.437

Wire
Dia.,
in.
.468
.500
.531
.562
.625
.750

SS-ELGILOY
Suhm Coil Spring Works Wire Specification for Elgiloy
Suhm Spring
Specification
SS-ELGILOY

Heat Treat

Notes

980F Min. / 5 Hrs. Min.

Must meet and be certified to AMS-5834A Chemicals


Only. Physical Properties are to meet SS-Elgiloy.
Solution Heat Treat and Original Mill Required NACE
MR-01-75 (55.0 HRC Max.)

Physical Properties for SS-ELGILOY after Drawn and Aged


Sizes
.001 - .005
.006 - .100
.101 - .125
.126 - .170
.171 - .250
.251 - .437
.438 - Over

Minimum
Tensile
Strength, ksi *
330
300
290
290
260
240
230

Minimum
Yield
Strength, ksi
290
290
280
280
240
230
220

Minimum
Elongation, %
1.5
1.5
4
4
4
6
8

Reduction of
Area, minimum,
%
Report
Report
20
20
20
20
20

HRC
46 - 55
46 - 55
46 - 55
46 - 55
46 - 55
46 - 55
46 - 55

* Tensile strengths are not specified for sizes greater than .562

These data are provided as a reference guide only and are not intended for design purposes. Strength
values and sizes are subject to change. Please check with a Suhm Spring representative for confirmation.
23

Suhm Spring Works - Materials Properties

Material

Material Properties

Monel 400
Spring
Tempered Cold drawn. Good corrosion
Wire
resistance. Good for
AMS 7233
elevated temperature
or 4544,
applications.
ASTM B164
UNS N04400

Ultimate Modulus of
Maximum
Approx. Design % Common
Tensile Elasticity, psi
Working
of Ultimate
Sizes
Range (ksi
6
Temp.
Tensile (torsional) (inches)
10
min)

450F

165/120

(E) 26
(G) 9.5

40%

.014" to
.562"

SIZE CHART
Wire
Dia., in.
.014
.024
.026
.028
.031
.032
.034
.035
.038
.040
.041
.045
.050
.051

Wire
Dia., in.
.052
.053
.054
.055
.056
.057
.058
.059
.060
.061
.062
.064
.065
.067

Wire
Dia., in.
.068
.069
.070
.071
.072
.074
.075
.076
.077
.078
.080
.082
.083
.084

Wire
Dia., in.
.085
.086
.088
.089
.090
.091
.092
.093
.094
.095
.097
.098
.099
.100

Wire
Dia., in.
.102
.105
.109
.112
.113
.115
.118
.120
.121
.125
.128
.129
.135
.138

Wire
Dia., in.
.140
.142
.148
.156
.162
.168
.170
.172
.177
.179
.180
.182
.187
.192

Wire
Dia., in.
.200
.207
.218
.225
.234
.244
.250
.262
.282
.295
.297
.306
.312
.325

Wire
Dia., in.
.331
.343
.362
.375
.393
.406
.437
.468
.500
.562

MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF COLD-WORKED WIRE IN COILA


SPRING TEMPER
Tensile Strength, psi (Mpa)
Diameter, in.(mm)
0.028 (0.71) and less
Over 0.028 (0.71) to 0.057 (1.45), incl.
Over 0.057 (1.45) to 0.114 (2.90), incl.
Over 0.114 (2.90) to 0.312 (7.92), incl.
Over 0.312 (7.92) to 0.375 (9.53), incl.
Over 0.375 (9.53) to 0.500 (12.7), incl.
Over 0.500 (12.7) to 0.563 (14.3), incl.

minimum
165,000 (1138)
160,000 (1103)
150,000 (1034)
140,000 (965)
135,000 (931)
130,000 (896)
120,000 (827)

maximum
.....
.....
.....
.....
.....
.....
.....

A Properties are not applicable to wire after straightening and cutting

These data are provided as a reference guide only and are not intended for design purposes. Strength
values and sizes are subject to change. Please check with a Suhm Spring representative for confirmation.
24

Suhm Spring Works - Materials Properties

Material

Ultimate Modulus of
Maximum
Approx. Design % Common
Tensile Elasticity, psi
Working
of Ultimate
Sizes
Range (ksi
6
Temp.
Tensile (torsional) (inches)
10
min)

Material Properties

Monel K-500
Spring
Cold drawn. Very high
Tempered
corrosion resistance. Good
Wire/Bar
for use in elevated
QQ-N-286
temperature applications.
AMS 4676C
UNS N05500

500F

195/140

(E) 26
(G) 9.5

40%

..018" to
2.00"

SIZE CHART
Wire Dia.
in.
.018
.027
.031
.033
.034
Bar Dia.
in.
.687
.718

Wire Dia.
in.
.038
.041
.062
.072
.080
Bar Dia.
in.
.750
.812

Wire Dia.
in.
.105
.125
.135
.148
.162
Bar Dia.
in.
.875
.937

Wire Dia.
in.
.177
.184
.236
.250
.262
Bar Dia.
in.
1.000
1.125

Wire Dia.
in.
.268
.281
.312
.362
.437
Bar Dia.
in.
1.250
1.500

Wire Dia.
in.
.393
.406
.437
.468
.500
Bar Dia.
in.
1.625
1.750

Wire Dia.
in.
.531
.562
.625

Bar Dia.
in.
1.875
2.000

SPECIFICATIONS FOR MONEL K-500


Element
Nickel + Cobalt
Aluminum
Titanium
Iron
Manganese
Silicon
Cobalt (3.1.1)
Carbon
Zinc (3.1.1)
Phosphorus (3.1.1)
Sulfur
Tin (3.1.1)
Lead (3.1.1)
Copper

Minimum
63.00
2.00
1.025
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
Remainder

Maximum
70.00
4.00
1.00
2.00
1.50
1.00
1.00
0.25
0.02
0.02
0.010
0.006
0.006
Remainder

TENSILE PROPERTIES
(after Precipitation Heat Treatment)
Tensile Strength, min
Yield Strength at 0.2% Offset, min.
Elongation in 2 in. (50.8 mm) or 4D, min

140,000 psi (965 Mpa)


100,000 psi (690 Mpa)
20% (3.3.1.2.1.1)

These data are provided as a reference guide only and are not intended for design purposes. Strength
values and sizes are subject to change. Please check with a Suhm Spring representative for confirmation.
25

Suhm Spring Works - Materials Properties

Material

Material Properties

Hastelloy
C-276 Wire
AMS B574
(Chem. only),
AMS J470
UNS N10276

Good corrosion
resistance to many
acids and salts.

Ultimate Modulus of
Maximum
Tensile
Elasticity,
Working
Range (ksi
6
Temp.
psi 10
min)

see
comment

see
comment

Approx. Design
% of Ultimate
Tensile
(torsional)

Common
Sizes
(inches)

.012" to
.437"

(E) 29.8
(G) 10.9

SIZE CHART
Wire
Dia.,In.
.012
.014
.015
.016
.017
.018
.019
.020
.021
.022
.023
.024
.025
.026
.027
.028

Wire
Dia.,In.
.029
.030
.031
.032
.033
.034
.035
.036
.037
.038
.039
.040
.041
.042
.043
.044

Wire
Dia.,In.
.045
.046
.047
.049
.050
.051
.052
.053
.054
.055
.056
.057
.058
.059
.060
.061

Wire
Dia.,In.
.062
.064
.065
.067
.068
.069
.070
.071
.072
.074
.075
.076
.077
.078
.080
.082

Wire
Dia.,In.
.083
.084
.085
.086
.088
.089
.090
.091
.092
.093
.094
.095
.097
.098
.099
.100

Wire
Dia.,In.
.102
.105
.109
.112
.113
.115
.118
.120
.125
.128
.129
.135
.138
.140
.142
.148

Wire
Dia.,In.
.156
.162
.170
.172
.177
.179
.180
.182
.187
.192
.200
.207
.218
.225
.234
.244

Wire
Dia.,In.
.250
.262
.282
.297
.306
.312
.331
.343
.362
.375
.393
.406
.437

COMMENTS:
Note: There is not a specification which covers tensile/yield values for spring
tempered wire. Check with a Suhm representative for actual strength values.
Larger size can be attained in spring tempered condition. Check with a
Suhm representative for further information.

These data are provided as a reference guide only and are not intended for design purposes.
Strength values and sizes are subject to change. Please check with a Suhm Spring representative for
confirmation.
26

Suhm Spring Works - Materials Properties

Material

Material Properties

Hastelloy B-2
ASTM B335
AMS J470
UNS N10665

Good corrosion
resistance to many
acids and salts.

Ultimate Modulus of
Maximum
Tensile
Elasticity,
Working
Range (ksi
6
Temp.
psi 10
min)
see
comment

see
comment

(E) 28
(G) 8.0

Approx. Design
% of Ultimate
Tensile
(torsional)

Common
Sizes
(inches)

.018" to
.207

Wire
Dia.,In.
.130
.148
.162

Wire
Dia.,In.
.177
.193
.207

SIZE CHART
Wire
Dia.,In.
.018
.023
.025

Wire
Dia.,In.
.030
.032
.038

Wire
Dia.,In.
.041
.062
.102

Wire
Dia.,In.
.109
.120
.128

COMMENTS:
Note: There is not a specification which covers tensile/yield values for spring
tempered wire. Check with a Suhm representative for actual strength values.
Larger size can be obtained in spring tempered condition. Check with a Suhm
representative for further information.

These data are provided as a reference guide only and are not intended for design purposes.
Strength values and sizes are subject to change. Please check with a Suhm Spring representative for
confirmation.
27

Suhm Spring Works - Materials Properties

Material

Material Properties

Age hardened. Good


ductility and toughness.
Good fabricability, and good
Titanium
resistance to general
Beta-C
corrosion. Good for
AMS 4957
environments containing
UNS R58640
Ferric Chloride, Sodium
Chloride, Carbon Dioxide,
and Hydrogen Sulfide.

Ultimate Modulus of
Maximum
Approx. Design % Common
Tensile Elasticity, psi
Working
of Ultimate
Sizes
Range (ksi
6
Temp.
Tensile (torsional) (inches)
10
min)

600F

190/180

(E) 15.4
(G) 5.9

45%

.005" to
.625"

* Larger sizes are available.

SIZE CHART
Wire
Dia., in.
.005
.007
.008
.009
.010
.012

Wire
Dia., in.
.014
.015
.017
.018
.021
.022

Wire
Dia., in.
.025
.032
.045
.048
.050
.054

Wire
Dia., in.
.062
.072
.080
.093
.105
.114

Wire
Dia., in.
.125
.135
.148
.156
.162
.177

Wire
Dia., in.
.187
.192
.207
.225
.243
.250

Wire
Dia., in.
.312
.343
.375
.406
.437
.500

Wire
Dia., in.
.562
.625

TENSILE STRENGTH CHART


VALUES INDICATE COLD DRAWN AND AGED MATERIAL
Nominal Diameter, inches
Up to 0.187, incl.
Over 0.187 to 0.375, incl.
Over 0.375 to 0.625, incl.

Tensile Strength,
psi
190,000 - 210,000
185,000 - 205,000
180,000 - 200,000

Elongation in 4D %,
minimum
10
10
8

Reduction of Area %,
min.
20
20
20

COMMENTS:
Material has been cold drawn 20 - 35% final reduction. Additional cold reduction may be
possible to produce higher tensile/yield strength. Larger sizes can be obtained in spring
tempered and annealed condition. Check with a Suhm representative for size and tensile
strengths.

These data are provided as a reference guide only and are not intended for design purposes. Strength
values and sizes are subject to change. Please check with a Suhm Spring representative for confirmation.
28

Suhm Spring Works - Materials Properties

Material

Material Properties

Ultimate Modulus of
Maximum
Approx. Design % Common
Tensile Elasticity, psi
Working
of Ultimate
Sizes
Range (ksi
6
Temp.
Tensile (torsional) (inches)
10
min)

Age hardened. Good


Titanium
ductility and toughness.
6Al-4V
Good fabricability, and good
AMS 4965
resistance to general
UNS 56400
corrosion.

165

(E) 15.0
(G) 5.0

40%

.020" to
.250"

SIZE CHART
Wire
Dia., in.
.020
.022
.024
.025

Wire
Dia., in.
.026
.028
.033
.036

Wire
Dia., in.
.037
.038
.040
.045

Wire
Dia., in.
.062
.069
.080
.090

Wire
Dia., in.
.105
.127
.135
.142

Wire
Dia., in.
.162
.163
.170
.177

Wire
Dia., in.
.193
.225
.250

TENSILE PROPERTIES:
VALUES INDICATE COLD DRAWN AND AGED MATERIAL
Nominal Diameter, inches
Up to 0.500, incl.

Tensile Strength,
minimum, psi
165,000

Elongation in 4D %, min.
10

Reduction of Area %,
min.
20

These data are provided as a reference guide only and are not intended for design purposes. Strength
values and sizes are subject to change. Please check with a Suhm Spring representative for confirmation.
29

Suhm Spring Works - Materials Properties

Material

Material Properties

H-12
Tungsten Bar
Good for high
ASTM A681
temperature applications.
(Chem. only)
UNS T20812

Maximum
Working
Temp.

Ultimate Modulus of
Approx. Design % Common
Tensile
Elasticity,
of Ultimate
Sizes
Range (ksi
6
Tensile (torsional) (inches)
psi
10
min)

700F

187

(E) 30
(G) 11.0

45%

.500" to
2.250"

SIZE CHART
Bar Diameter, inches
.500
.531
.562
.593
.625
.656
.687
.718

Bar Diameter, inches


.750
.781
.812
.843
.875
.906
.937
.968

Bar Diameter, inches


1.00
1.062
1.125
1.187
1.250
1.312
1.375
1.437

Bar Diameter, inches


1.500
1.562
1.625
1.687
1.750
1.812
2.000
2.250

COMMENTS:
Material is produced in the As Rolled condition. Springs produced from wire size diameters
are "Cold Wound" and Tempered. Springs produced from bar size diameters are "Hot Wound",
quenched, and tempered. Each Hot Wound spring is hardness checked to insure proper
c
c
hardness. Tempered hardness should range between 41R and 49R . Bar lengths
range from 15 to 19.
c
41R / =
c

49R / =

187,000 psi tensile


253,000 psi tensile

These data are provided as a reference guide only and are not intended for design purposes. Strength
values and sizes are subject to change. Please check with a Suhm Spring representative for confirmation.
30