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Installation, Operation and Maintenance of

Large AC Motors
O5800 Frame Horizontal Mounting

Instruction Manual B-3624-1 April, 2007

TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECTION 1: GENERAL DESCRIPTION ........................................................................................................... 1 INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................................................... 1 RECEIVING AND ACCEPTING .................................................................................................................... 1 STORAGE ..................................................................................................................................................... 2 SECTION 2: INSTALLATION ............................................................................................................................ 3 INSTALLATION ............................................................................................................................................. 3 HANDLING .................................................................................................................................................... 3 INSPECTION ................................................................................................................................................. 3 LOCATION .................................................................................................................................................... 4 FOUNDATION ............................................................................................................................................... 4 PRE-INSTALLATION CHECKS .................................................................................................................... 4 COUPLING .................................................................................................................................................... 5 COUPLING ALIGNMENT .............................................................................................................................. 5 COUPLING ALIGNMENT PROCEDURE ..................................................................................................... 5 LUBRICATION .............................................................................................................................................. 6 ELECTRICAL CONNECTION ....................................................................................................................... 6 GROUNDING ................................................................................................................................................ 6 GROUTING ................................................................................................................................................... 6 SECTION 3: OPERATION ................................................................................................................................. 7 PRE-OPERATION CHECK ........................................................................................................................... 7 VARIABLE FREQUENCY DRIVE APPLICATIONS ...................................................................................... 7 INITIAL START .............................................................................................................................................. 7 VIBRATION LIMITS ....................................................................................................................................... 8 STARTING DUTY (Jogging and Repeated Starts) ....................................................................................... 8 SECTION 4: ROUTINE MAINTENANCE ........................................................................................................... 9 SCHEDULED MAINTENANCE ..................................................................................................................... 9 PERIODIC INSPECTION .............................................................................................................................. 9 BEARING LUBRICATION ........................................................................................................................... 10 SLEEVE BEARING REMOVAL ................................................................................................................... 12 SLEEVE BEARING INSTALLATION ........................................................................................................... 13 SLEEVE BEARING BRACKET REMOVAL ................................................................................................ 13 ANTI-FRICTION BEARING REMOVAL / REPLACEMENT ........................................................................ 14 ROTOR AND STATOR REMOVAL ............................................................................................................. 14 WINDING MAINTENANCE ......................................................................................................................... 15 RENEWAL PARTS ...................................................................................................................................... 16 SECTION 5: OPTIONAL ACCESSORIES ...................................................................................................... 17 WINDING RESISTANCE TEMPERATURE DETECTOR (RTD) ................................................................ 17 WINDING THERMOSTAT ........................................................................................................................... 17 WINDING THERMOCOUPLE (T/C) ............................................................................................................ 18 WINDING THERMISTOR ............................................................................................................................ 18 BEARING RESISTANCE TEMPERATURE DETECTOR (RTD) ................................................................ 18 BEARING THERMOCOUPLE (T/C) ............................................................................................................ 19 BEARING THERMOSTAT .......................................................................................................................... 19 BEARING THERMOMETER ....................................................................................................................... 19 SPACE HEATERS ...................................................................................................................................... 19 CIRCULATING OR FLOOD LUBE OIL PROVISIONS ............................................................................... 20 CONSTANT LEVEL OILERS ...................................................................................................................... 20 DIFFERENTIAL AIR PRESSURE SWITCH ................................................................................................ 21 DIFFERENTIAL AIR PRESSURE INDICATOR (Manometer) .................................................................... 21 PRESSURE SWITCHES ................................................................................................................. 22 CURRENT TRANSFORMERS .................................................................................................................... 22 LIGHTNING ARRESTORS AND SURGE CAPACITORS .......................................................................... 22 AIR FILTERS ............................................................................................................................................... 23 APPENDIX MOTOR ASSEMBLY SLEEVE BEARING .................................................................................................. 24 TROUBLESHOOTING ................................................................................................................................ 25
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SECTION 1: GENERAL DESCRIPTION


INTRODUCTION
test these rugged and dependable machines. It extends from the major assemblies such as rotors, stators, enclosures and insulation systems, to the smallest component... carefully selected and mated for optimum performance. The result is a product that is indeed, more than a motor... more like a system. Reliance O5800 Frame Motors are designed for easy disassembly, re-assembly, and inspection. These common accessories are available:
Bearing temperature detectors Winding temperature detectors Space heaters Lightning arrestors Surge capacitors Vibration monitors Special conduit boxes

THE PRODUCTS DESCRIBED IN THIS INSTRUCTION MANUAL ARE MANUFACTURED BY RELIANCE INDUSTRIAL COMPANY. These instructions do not cover all details or variations in equipment nor provide every possible contingency or hazard to be met in con- nection with installation, operation and maintenance. Should further information be desired or should particular problems arise which are not covered within this manual, the matter should be referred to Reliance Industrial Company. Reliance O5800 Frame Motors are designed and built to provide you with a drive power system composed of matched components. Such a system is capable of delivering the horsepower, torque, speed and power efficiency characteristics that are needed for reliable production machinery. This systems approach was used not only in the design of the motor, but also in the stateofthe-art manufacturing used to produce and

This manual contains the information need to get the most out of your O5800 Frame Motor. Please read it and thoroughly before unpacking and motor.

that you Reliance carefully installing

RECEIVING AND ACCEPTING

In all cases, care should be taken to assure lifting in the direction intended in the design of the lifting means. Lift using all lugs provided. Likewise, precautions should be taken to prevent hazardous overloads due to deceleration, acceleration or shock forces. Angle of lift with rope or chain should never be less than 60 degrees from the horizontal.

Upon receipt, thoroughly inspect the wrapping and crate for any sign of damage. If any damage is evident, do not accept the motor until the freight or express agent makes an apropriate notation on your freight bill or exress receipt. If any concealed loss or damage is discovered later, notify your freight or express agent at once and request him to make an inspection.

motor. After rotating the shaft replace protective packing and shaft shipping brace. If the motor is stored and directly exposed to weather conditions, it is important that the bearing grease be inspected for the presence of water at the grease drain. If the grease is contaminated with water, the motor must be disassembled, grease removed from the bearing(s) and housing(s) and bearing(s) inspected for corrosion. If corrosion is present, the bearing(s) must be replaced. If there is no corrosion, repack the bearing(s) / housing(s) with grease as instructed in Section 4 under Bearing Lubrication. Reliance O5800 Frame motors with oil lubricated sleeve bearings are tested using an oil containing a rust inhibitor. This additive protects the bearings and associated structural parts from rust and corrosion. Prior to shipment the oil is drained. A thin film of oil remains on the vital parts providing short term temporary rust protection. As soon as the motor has been received, the bearing oil reservoir should be filled to the required oil level and with the proper oil lubrication. (See Section 4 under Bearing Lubrication). At 30 day intervals of storage, the shaft should be rotated by hand at least 10 to 15 revolutions to assure that an oil film is on the bearing surfaces. If the motor is equipped with oil sump heaters they should be operated to prevent condensation from entering the oil. Replace the shaft shipping brace and packing after completion of this service. Motors subject to extended storage must be handled and treated per the requirements of Reliance Service Bulletin B-8078 available from your Reliance District Sales Office.

STORAGE
Do not unpack until ready for use. If the motor is to be stored for a period of any time prior to installation, it should be placed in an area which is clean, dry and warm.

Whenever the storage area is cold and damp, or severe humidity changes exist, the space heaters (when provided) should be energized. The motor should be inspected periodically and the insulation resistance checked and recorded monthly. If there is a significant change in insulation resistance, it should be investigated and corrective action should be taken. Consult your local Reliance Sales Office for additional data. Reliance O5800 anti-friction bearing motors are shipped with the proper amount of grease in each bearing. At 30 day intervals of storage, remove only enough packing to expose the shaft and remove the shaft shipping brace, rotate the shaft (by hand) 10 to 15 revolutions. This distributes the grease, preventing bearing corrosion due to condensation, or to the presence of contaminating gases near the

SECTION 2: INSTALLATION
INSTALLATION

Should additional handling or shipment of motors be required, be certain to block the shaft as it was blocked at the Reliance factory. Blocking the shaft limits the rotor movement both axially and radially which prevents damage to the bearings.

INSPECTION
The assurance of successful startup depends upon the use of good handling, inspection, and installation practices. The motor should be mounted on a flat surface with adequate stiffness and mass to maintain system resonant frequencies removed from excitation frequencies by 15%. The need for closer alignment and heavier bases becomes more critical with higher speed operation and large motors. Before installing the motor, make the following checks: 1. Inspect for any damage resulting from shipment. Refer to Section 1 under Receiving and Accepting and Storage. 2. If the motor has been in storage for an extended period or has been subjected to adverse moisture conditions, check the insulation resistance of the stator winding. Refer to Checking Insulation Resistance in Section 4 under Winding Maintenance. 3. Examine the motor nameplate data to make sure it agrees with the power circuit to which it will be connected. The motor is guaranteed to operate successfully at line frequency not more than 5%, and line voltage not more than 10%, above or below the nameplate ratings, or a combined variation of voltage and frequency of not more than 10% above or below nameplate ratings. Efficiency, power factor and current may vary from nameplate data. 4. Check to make sure that the direction of motor rotation is correct for the intended application and motor requirement.

HANDLING
Carefully remove the motor from packaging. Lifting provisions are provided as eyebolts on top of the motor. Place a lifting hook in each of the lifting means provided and carefully lift the motor from its packing. Use a hoist with adequate capacity.

LOCATION
The motor must be located in an environment that satisfies local codes and National Board of Fire and Underwriters regulations. The following additional considerations should also govern its location. On O5800 motors without filters, installation and location should be such that the equipment is in a clean area or room with adequate ventilation for the motors. Exposure to high ambient temperatures, humidity and atmospheric contamination should be avoided. Acids, alkalis and gases also have detrimental effects on electrical machinery. The location of installation should be accessible for routine maintenance and inspection. If the room is not large enough to have natural ventilation, some external source of forced and filtered air will be necessary. The room should be such that the heat developed during operation can escape and will not be recirculated over the equipment Adequate space should be provided between motors to prevent recirculation of air. Permanent handling equipment to facilitate major service and repair without complete disassembly of the individual units should be considered.

structure must be at least 15% away from the speed of rotation and twice the speed of rotation and multiples of the power line frequency. The size of the foundation is determined by the weight, size and speed of the equipment and by the type and condition of the underlying soil. The width and length of the foundation are usually made to extend at least 6 inches (150mm) beyond the equipment on all sides of the base. Increased width and weight are necessary for operation at higher speeds and for foundations that project above the floor level to give stability against rocking and resonant vibration. Large motors are not rigid or self-supporting, and should be uniformly supported. Therefore, when set on the foundation or base, adequate support should be provided by leveling plates and shims between the frame and the foundation, at points of loading; i.e., under the frame feet, and intersection points of the beams as well as under long, unsupported sections of the base. The number of shims should be kept to a minimum. A few thick ones are preferred over many thin ones. Space should be allowed between the base and foundation for grouting. The concrete surface should be roughed to provide a good bonding surface. Consult the grout manufacturer for instructions.

FOUNDATION
The dimensions for mounting are shown on the outline drawing supplied with the motor documentation and should be referred to prior to planning of the foundation. The foundation should consist preferably of solid concrete walls or piers and should be carried down far enough to rest on a solid subbase. This base should be sufficient stiffness to prevent vibration and to insure long, troublefree operation. If necessary, a consulting engineer, who is familiar with foundation design, should design and supervise its construction. If the foundation is to be steel girders instead of concrete, the girders should be well braced and supported by adequate columns to prevent vibration due to resonance. The natural frequencies of the motor and supporting
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PRE-INSTALLATION CHECKS

Before operating, the motor should be checked for any damage resulting from improper handling during shipment, storage, installation or by an unsatisfactory foundation. Failure to check or do the necessary work as mentioned above could cause misalignment resulting in vibration. Before shipment, every Reliance motor is given a running test to check operation. Although factory tests have been performed, motors should be verified to prevent premature bearing failure.

Before the motor is checked for alignment, remove all shipping blocks and supports installed at the factory. The shaft should turn over freely. The degree of accuracy required in the alignment depends on the rated speed of the machine. The greater the speed, the greater the care and accuracy necessary for proper alignment. The motor must be level to maintain the proper oil level. Check the driven equipment to make sure that the motor will be coupled to a level shaft. If necessary, level it up before coupling.

layers, use the thickest shim stock combination with the fewest shims. On motors equipped with sleeve bearings, the drive end shaft extension may be scribed with three lines indicating the magnetic centerline and the end float limits. When these lines interfere with the keyway or shaft shoulder, only the magnetic centerline is scribed on the shaft. The magnetic centerline is filled with light color paint and covered with masking tape prior to coating with rust preventative. The distance from the magnetic centerline to the reference surface is indicated on a nameplate attached to the motor. On motors equipped with sleeve bearings, the rotor end float is 0.50 inches (12.7 mm) minimum. Sleeve bearing motors are not designed to withstand external axial thrust. A limited axial float coupling shall be used to prevent thrusting the sleeve bearings. The total end float of the coupling shall not exceed 0.19 inches (4.8 mm) and shall be aligned centered about its float. The motor axial placement should be established by locating the motor on its magnetic center and spaced from the driven equipment as recommended by the coupling manufacturer.

COUPLING
1. In preparation for making the coupling alignment, wash off the rust-protective coating on the motor shaft with solvent. Any factory installed couplings should also be cleaned with solvent prior to installation on the shaft. On sleeve bearing motors, remove the rust preventative from the shaft to expose the magnetic center and end float scribe lines on the shaft. 2. Fill oil sumps with the recommended oil to the proper level before mounting the coupling. 3. Cylindrical bore couplings should be heated for proper mounting. Do not press or drive this type of coupling onto the shaft. Tapered bored couplings should be installed per the coupling manufacturers recommendations.

COUPLING ALIGNMENT PROCEDURE


Refer to accepted procedures for coupling alignment such as double-dial indicator or laser alignment. Coupling alignment shall be within the following limits:
MAXIMUM PERMISSIBLE ANGULAR MISALIGNMENT = 0.001 inch per inch of coupling hub diameter. MAXIMUM PERMISSIBLE PARALLEL MISALIGNMENT = 0.002 inch TIR (Total Indicated Runout). The motor hold down bolts should be SAE Grade #5, 1.00 inch (ISO Class 8.8, M24), minimum, torqued to 125 +25/-00 lb-ft (169 +34/-00 Nm).

COUPLING ALIGNMENT
There are a number of different procedures in alignment of the motor to the driven equipment. The end result depends upon the accuracy of the parts in roundness, flatness, runout of the reference surfaces, rigidity of the mounting base, and the skill of the set-up-person. The motor base surfaces must be flat and parallel to the shafts. Make allowance for inserting shims under the motor to make the elevation adjustment. The size of the shims should be the full length of the motor foot pad and should be flat, and free of any burrs. Insert the shims carefully to maintain the foot plane and to avoid bending or twisting the motor frame. For a nonflat mounting surface, it may be necessary to machine a shim to compensate for the slope or surface irregularity. To minimize soft stacking and sponginess associated with excessive shim
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LUBRICATION
NOTE: The lubrication system should be checked in preparation for rotating the shaft during the alignment operation.

ELECTRICAL CONNECTION

ANTI-FRICITON BEARINGS (Grease Lubricated)


Bearing chambers are packed with grease during assembly, and do not normally need additional grease at the time of installation unless the unit has been in storage for 6 months or longer. If the motor has been kept in extended storage, lubricant must be added per Section 4, Table II.

A main terminal box may be provided for power lines to the stator. Other terminal boxes for all other electrical connections may be provided.

SLEEVE BEARINGS (Oil Lubricated)

GROUNDING

If the motor has been in storage for six months or more, the bearing oil must be changed per Section 4, Table IV. Be sure that the drain plugs are installed and properly tightened. Fill the oil sumps through the filler cap to the proper level as indicated on the oil level sight gage. For motors equipped with constant level oilers, refer to the instructions under the Accessories Section of this Manual.

All large motors should be grounded with the grounding conductor equipped with a brazed copper terminal, or with a suitable solderless terminal fastened to the motor. Soldered terminals should not be used. A washer should be used between bolt head and terminal lug. The other end should be fastened with suitable clamps or terminals to the nearest available ground. Grounding conductor size should be in accordance with the National Electrical Code.

GROUTING
A good quality commercial non-shrinking type of grouting compound should be used between the soleplates and the foundation.

SECTION 3: OPERATION
PRE-OPERATION CHECK

Before starting the motor for the first time the following checks must be made: 1. 2. Hold-down bolts must be tightened to 125 +25/-00 lb-ft (169 +34/-00 Nm). If the motor has been idle for a long period of time after installation, check the insulation resistance. Refer to Checking Insulation Resistance in Section 4 under Winding Maintenance. Check the incoming power to be sure that line voltage, frequency and phase are correct for the motor (refer to the motor nameplate). Inspect all electrical connections for correct termination, clearance, mechanical strength, and electrical continuity. Check to be sure that the shipping brace has been removed from the motor shaft. For sleeve bearing motors check the lubrication system to insure the oil reservoirs and constant level oilers (when provided) have been filled to the proper oil level with the appropriate oil type. Do not overfill oil reservoirs. 8. 9. Replace all panels and covers. Check direction of rotation by momentarily applying power to the motor.

10. Check to see that coupling guards andother protective enclosures are not blocking the ventilating air inlet and exhaust openings.

3.

VARIABLE FREQUENCY APPLICATIONS

DRIVE

4.

5. 6.

INITIAL START

1.

When alignment is correct and motor is properly lubricated, prepare for no load uncoupled startup. The coupling should be uncoupled and a coupling solo plate should be installed if required.

7.

Manually turn the shaft to make sure that it rotates freely.


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2.

Inspect the motor carefully. Make the initial start by following the regular sequence of starting operations in the control instructions. After starting, check that the motor is running smoothly and with the proper direction of rotation. If the motor shows excessive vibration, shut down immediately and investigate. Check for coupling and key unbalance, lack of lubrication, foot planarity and structural resonance. If bearing temperature detectors are provided, check the temperatures frequently during the initial hour of operation. At initial start, the bearing temperature rate of rise will be high. This rate of rise should decrease within 30 minutes. If this rate of rise does not decrease or the temperature exceeds 93C (200F), stop the motor. Check to make sure that the protective controls are functioning properly before any prolonged operation. Run the motor for at least two hours if no problems are encountered.

VIBRATION LIMITS
AMPLITUDE ON BEARING ON HOUSING SHAFT
DISPLACE VELOCITY DISPLACE MENT IN/SEC MENT MILS MILS

3.

RPM

4.

0.75 0.15 1.75 3000 3600 0.75 0.15 2.00 1200 2999 0.75 0.12 2.00 900 1199 0.75 0.09 2.00 720 899 0.75 0.08 2.00 Below 720 The vibration levels listed above are only guidelines.

STARTING DUTY (Jogging and Repeated Starts)

5.

6.

From ambient temperature, the motor is normally capable of making two starts in succession while coasting to rest between these starts. The motor is also normally capable of making one start from its rated load operation temperature. For cooling time required before additional starts can be made consult your local Reliance Sales Office or the motor starting nameplate if one is provided. If more starts or less time between starts than defined above are attempted, severe damage to the motor electrical windings and rotor may result. The starting conditions listed above apply only if the inertia of the connected load, the load torque during acceleration, the applied voltage, and the starting method are those for which the motor was designed. For starting situations not covered here, consult your local Reliance Sales Office before proceeding. Refer also to the motor nameplate which may list starting conditions.

After this initial start and no load run has been completed, assemble and lubricate the coupling with the coupling manufacturers recommended lubricant. Check to see that the coupling is not binding. After the coupling has been assembled and lubricated, repeat steps 2 through 6 under the initial start section of this manual. Check to see that the driven equipment is not transmitting vibration back to the motor through the coupling or the base.

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SECTION 4: ROUTINE MAINTENANCE


PERIODIC INSPECTION

Every 3 months or 500 operating hours, whichever comes first: 1. Listen for any abnormal noises and check cause immediately. Check for excessive vibration. Check all air passages and ensure that they are not blocked or clogged. Check to see that the air filters, if included with the motor, are properly installed and clean. Check to see that all covers are in place and secure. Check for proper lubrication. For sleeve bearing motors check oil level. The oil level must be at the midpoint of sight gauge when the motor is at rest and in operation. Check bearing temperature rise. When provided, check that constant level oilers have oil in them. Check that the oiler cap is screwed on tightly. Check that the oil in the oil level sight gage on the bracket and in the oiler is clean. Check voltage and frequency variations. Unbalanced voltage or single-phase operation of polyphase motors will cause excessive heating and ultimately failure. Only a slight unbalance of voltage applied to a polyphase motor will cause large unbalance currents and result in overheating. Check power supply total harmonic distortion to avoid overheating. Periodic checks of phase, voltage, frequency, and power consumption of an operating motor are recommended.

SCHEDULED MAINTENANCE
Inspections which are important to the proper operation and maintenance of a Reliance motor should occur every 3 months or 500 operating hours, whichever comes first. In addition, the following should always be observed. Provide adequate ventilation Keep air and exhaust openings clean and free of obstructions. Avoid sharp blows and excessive axial thrust loads on the output shaft. Maintain proper lubricant level (check weekly on oil-lubricated units). 6. 7. 4. 5. 2. 3.

Reliance O5800 Frame motors, when properly applied, require minimal routine maintenance. Since clearances and fits are precisely machined, no periodic mechanical adjustments are required. Like any precision machine, periodic inspection and simple routine maintenance will prolong your motors life and help detect potentially damaging conditions. The minimal time spent performing the simple procedures below cannot begin to compare with the cost of lost productivity and time consuming major repairs incurred through neglect of routine inspection and maintenance.

8.

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These checks can also provide an excellent indication of the load from the driven equipment. Comparisons of this data with previous no load and full load power demands will give an indication of the performance of the driven machine.

Lubrication Instructions
1 Select Service Conditions from Table I. 2. Select Lubrication Frequency and recommended volume fill from Table II.

BEARING LUBRICATION
Depending on the application and rating, the motor is equipped with either anti-friction or sleeve type bearings. When properly cared for, (i.e. inspection and lubrication) bearings will provide years of uninterrupted service. Use one of the following lubrication procedures, depending on the type of bearings with which your motor is equipped.

TABLE I SERVICE CONDITIONS


Standard Conditions Severe Conditions Eight hours per day, normal or light loading, clean ambient air at -18 C (0F) to 40C (104F). Twenty four hours per day operation or shock loading, vibration, ambient air containing dirt or dust at 40-50C (104-122F). Heavy shock or vibration, ambient air Containing dirt, dust or high humidity and temperatures in excess of 40C (104F).

Extreme Conditions

ANTI-FRICTION BEARINGS (Grease Lubricated)


O5800 Frame motors are designed with the exclusive Reliance PLS Positive Lubrication System which routes new grease directly into the bearing. The re-lubrication periods shown in Table II are offered as a guide for varying service conditions, speeds, bearing types and operating hours. Cleanliness is important in lubrication. Any grease used to lubricate anti-friction bearings should be fresh and free from contamination. Similarly, care should be taken to properly clean the grease inlet areas of the motor prior to lubricating to prevent grease contamination.

TABLE II
RELUBRICATION INTERVALS
BALL BEARING EQUIPPED MOTORS Standard Severe Extreme RPM Conditions Conditions Conditions 3000 & 6 months 3 months 2 months above Below 3000 6 months 3 months 3 months ROLLER BEARING EQUIPPED MOTORS Below 3000 3 months 1.5 months 1.5 months

RELUBRICATION VOLUME VOLUME IN CUBIC INCHES


3000 RPM & BELOW 3000 ABOVE RPM Ball 1.5 3.0 Roller -----------4.0 Data contained on a lubrication nameplate on the motor takes precedent over this Table. BEARING TYPE

Recommended Lubricant
Refer to the motor Lubrication Nameplate for the type of lubricant to be used. If there is no Lubrication Nameplate on the motor, use a polyurea base hydrocarbon oil grease. Note: The Lubrication Nameplate on the motor takes precedent over this data. Use only clean, fresh grease from clean containers.

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Grease Lubrication Procedure


Reliance anti-friction bearings may be lubricated with the motor running or stationary, however, stationary with the motor warm is preferred.

TABLE III SERVICE CONDITIONS


Standard Conditions Severe Conditions Eight hours per day, normal or light loading, clean ambient air at -18 C (0F) to 40C (104F). Twenty four hours per day operation or shock loading, vibration, ambient air containing dirt or dust at 40-50C (104- 122F). Heavy shock or vibration, ambient air containing dirt, dust or high humidity andtemperatures in excess of 40C (104F).

Extreme Conditions

1.

Locate the grease inlet, remove all caked grease and dirt from the fitting. There is one grease inlet per bearing. Remove relief plug. There is one grease relief plug per bearing. Remove all hardened grease from the relief plug area. Remove caked grease from the grease drain pipe with a screwdriver, if possible. If severe caking appears in the grease drain pipe, run the motor until the bearing housing is warm, permitting free flow of grease through the housing. Add the recommended volume of the recommended lubricant per the motor Lubrication Nameplate or Table I and Table II using a hand operated grease gun. Start the motor and run with the relief plug open for several minutes. Some grease should be purged from the grease drain pipe. Replace plugs and wipe off any excess grease.

Change the oil in the oil sumps per Table IV below.

2.

TABLE IV
LUBRICATION SCHEDULE STANDARD CONDITIONS SEVERE & EXTREME CONDITIONS Hours of Operation 8800 4400

MOTOR SPEED

All Speeds

3.

4.

The lubricant for sleeve bearing motors should be selected as follows: MOTOR MAXIMUM AMBIENT OPERATING SPEED TEMPERATURE 1200 rpm Over 1200 or less rpm 0 to 122F 300 SUS 150 SUS (-18 to 50C)* (65 cST) (32 cST) -20 to 50F 150 SUS 90 SUS (-29 to 10C)** (32 cST) (18 cST)

5.

For higher temperature, oil coolers should be used.

SLEEVE BEARINGS (Oil Lubricated)


Oil should be changed periodically, or immediately if discolored or contaminated. (Note: If the oil becomes discolored, shut the motor down and inspect the bearings.) Follow the schedule on the motor Lubrication Nameplate, or if not available, use the following schedule.

** For lower temperatures, oil heaters should be used to assure adequately high starting temperatures. 1. 2. Viscosity listed is in SUS (Centistokes) at 100F (38 C). Pour point below the minimum starting temperature.

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3.

Use a good grade of turbine type oil, with rust, foam, and oxidation inhibitors. Avoid automotive oils or additives other than those specifically recommended by the oil manufacturer. Consult your local Reliance Sales Office prior to using any synthetic lubricants.

5. 6.

Tighten the fill cap and fill the constant level oiler, if provided. Start the motor and observe to be assured of no oil leakage. Oil level should not drop in the oil level gage.

4.

SLEEVE BEARING REMOVAL


1. Remove the end bracket top cover or grill. Remove bearing temperature detectors, if the motor is so equipped. Remove the bracket top cap from the bracket bottom section. There are four capscrews and two dowel pins holding the cap in place. Two of these capscrews can be used as jackscrews to separate the cap and extract the dowel. Note the location and arrangement of the bearing, oil rings, bearing retainers and shims outboard of the bearing. Remove the top half of the bearing. There are four socket head capscrews and two dowels holding the top half in place. After the capscrews have been removed, the bearing top half can be removed by hand. Remove the bearing retainers from both sides of the bearing. Note their orientation. Using a non-metal sling or jack, raise the shaft to take all the weight off the bearing. Remove the bearing bottom half by pulling upward on the bearing oil rings and rolling it around the shaft 180 degrees. Lift the bearing bottom half from the shaft and bracket.

TABLE V FASTENER TORQUE VALUES


TORQUE VALUE LB-FT Nm 125 169 80 108 55 75 80 108 50 68 3.5 4.75 15 20 15 20 25 34 50 68 15 20

2. 3.

FASTENER Foot Mounting Bracket Mounting Inner Bearing Cap Bracket Top Cover Bearing Cover Bearing Top Half Bearing Lock Tabs Hood Mounting Oil Fill Plug Oil Drain Plug Frame Covers

4.

5.

All torque values have a tolerance of plus 20% and minus zero. 6.

Oil Changing Procedure:


1. 2. De-energize and lock-out the motor. Remove the drain plug located at the bottom of the bearing housing and drain the oil. The bearing oil sump contains approximately 2 quarts of oil. If the oil appears to be contaminated, the housing can be flushed by filling it with fresh oil and draining. Repeat this process until the oil draining from the sump is clean. Bearing inspection is required if the oil is contaminated with babbitt, bronze or other metals. Clean the drain plug. Apply a thread sealant to the drain plug threads prior to installation into the bearing sump. Replace plug and fill the oil sump at the oil fill plug to the sight gage mid-point.
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7. 8.

3.

NOTE: Shims used to limit the axial float are located on the outboard end of the bearing. Remove these shims as the bearing bottom half is being removed. Note the quantity used at each bearing.

9.

Lower the shaft onto the bracket seal bore.

4.

10. Protect the bearing sump area and bracket top cap from contamination.

SLEEVE BEARING INSTALLATION


1. Remove all sealing compound from the mating surfaces of the bracket top and bottom sections. Remove all nicks and burrs from the shaft bearing journals and bearing shoulder with a fine stone. Drain the oil from the bracket bearing sump by removing the pipe plug on the face of the bracket. Clean the shaft journal and seal areas with a mild solvent and lint-free cloth. Flush the bearing sump with clean oil or a mild solvent. Clean the threads of the drain plug and coat with a thread sealant. Install the drain plug. 8.

burnished (shiny) areas. A correct burnish pattern is: Top half of bearing no burnished areas. Bottom half of bearing burnish area symmetric about the 6:00 position, one to two inches wide, covering approximately 70% of the axial length of the bearing bore. If the correct burnish pattern is not found perform the following:

2.

3.

Using the proper bearing scraping tools and/or a non-metallic fiber pad, remove the highly burnished areas.
Clean the bearing and shaft journal with a film-free solvent such as denatured alcohol. 9. Repeat steps 3 8 until the correct burnish pattern is obtained.

If the original bearing is to be re-installed, apply a coating of bearing oil to the shaft journal. Install the bearing bottom half, shims, bearing retainers and bearing top half. Note that the shims and oil rings are properly located. Proceed to Step 10 below for completion of the assembly. If a new bearing is being installed, proceed as follows: 1. Using a clean lint free cloth, wipe bearing journal and bearing clean and dry. Shaft and bearing bore to be free of oil. Raise the shaft as required to reassemble bearing. Install the bottom half of the bearing. Gently lower the shaft until it is in its final position. Assemble top half of bearing. Reassemble parts in reverse order of removal. Make sure dowel pins are engaged in top and bottom halves of housing. By hand (or suitable wrench) slowly rotate the shaft 2 turns in each direction. Remove bearing as described above. Inspect bore of both bearing halves for
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10. Apply a coating of bearing oil to the shaft journal. Install the bearing bottom half, shims, bearing retainers and bearing top half. Note that the shims and oil rings are properly located and that the bearing retainers properly engage the bearing. Torque bolts per Table V. 11. Reassemble parts in reverse order of removal. Make sure dowel pins are engaged in top and bottom halves of housing. Apply a sealing compound (Permatex #3) to the contact surfaces between the top and bottom bracket segments. Torque bolts per Table V.

2.

3. 4. 5.

SLEEVE BEARING BRACKET REMOVAL


1. 2. 3. 4. Remove the procedure. bearing per the above

Support the bracket with a crane or hoist. Remove the six hex screws that mount the bracket to the motor frame. Extract the bracket from the rabbet fit by using four of the mounting hex screws as

6. 7.

jackscrews in the threaded holes provided in the bracket ears. 5. 6. The Bracket will clear the rabbet fit when moved 0.38 inches (10 mm). Bracket assembly is performed in reverse order of these steps. Torque the bracket mounting hex screws per Table V. Be sure that all accessories that may have been removed or moved are reassembled in the proper location.

8.

With roller bearings, the bearing rolling elements and outer race are contained within the bearing bracket bore. This bearing assembly can be removed from the bracket bearing bore by pulling on the rolling elements or by tapping on the outer race through the shaft bore in the bracket. Clean and inspect all parts. Remove all old grease from the inner caps, brackets, grease inlet and drain piping and shaft.

9.

ANTI-FRICTION BEARING REMOVAL / REPLACEMENT


1. For anti-friction bearing motors the inner cap bolts must be removed before removing the motor bracket. Remove shaft slingers/seals attached to the motor shaft. that are

10. All shaft bearing shoulders and journals should be free of nicks before replacing bearing. Dress shaft with emery cloth or stone as necessary. Assemble the bearing inner caps onto the shaft. 11. Heat bearing to 250F (121C) for at least 30 minutes. 12. Place bearing onto shaft. Make certain that the bearing contacts the locating shoulder on shaft. DO NOT use impact force on bearing. 13. Let the bearing cool. Protect the bearing from contamination. Fill the outboard side cavity of the bearing, cage and rolling element area of the bearing 100% with grease. Fill the bearing inner cap cavities and bracket bearing housing cavity with grease to 60% full. Fill the grease inlet pipe 100% with grease. 14. Assemble the brackets in reverse order of Steps 1 through 6. Torque bolts per Table V.

2. 3. 4. 5.

Remove all bolts that secure the bracket to the frame. Using a hoist, support the bracket. Jacking holes have been provided in the bracket mounting lugs to facilitate the removal of the bracket from the frame rabbet fit. Tighten the jack bolts evenly to avoid misalignment of the bracket during removal. At this stage, the bearing is still seated in the bracket bearing bore. Remove the bracket from the bearing by rocking the bracket from side-to-side while applying an axial force on the bracket. After the bracket has cleared the bearing, use the hoist to move the bracket off of the shaft and away from the motor. The bearing can now be removed by using a conventional bearing puller. Locate the puller arms behind the bearing outer race for ball bearings and behind the bearing inner race for roller bearings. Protect the shaft center by using a spacer block of brass or some other soft material between the shaft and bearing puller. Remove the bearing by applying axial force with the bearing puller.
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6.

ROTOR AND STATOR REMOVAL


Consult Reliance for proper removal procedures.

7.

WINDING MAINTENANCE

BLOWING
Dry dirt and dust can be removed from inaccessible crevices by using a jet of low pressure, oil free compressed dry air.

De-energize motor by opening manual disconnect and locking out. To inspect the ends and outside surface of the windings, remove the brackets from the motor. Inspection of these portions of the windings will provide a good indication of their general condition. To thoroughly inspect and clean the windings it may be necessary to remove the rotor. There are numerous methods for cleaning windings. The following methods are most commonly used, in order of preference. NOTE: Before cleaning the windings check for loose blocking, evidence of damage to insulation, distortion or movement of coils, etc. If any of these conditions exist, contact your local Reliance Service Engineer for recommendations.

SOLVENT CLEANING

CLEANING DETERGENT

WITH

WATER

AND

DRY WIPING
This method is satisfactory when the surfaces to be cleaned are accessible and when only dry dirt is to be removed. Use a clean dry, lint-free cloth. The lint will adhere to the insulation and increase dirt collection. Lint is particularly objectionable on high voltage insulation systems as it tends to concentrate corona discharge.

Windings can be cleaned by hose washing or by pressure spray from a low pressure steam generator or shop steam line.

BRUSHING AND SUCTION CLEANING


Remove the dry dust and dirt by brushing with a bristle brush, followed by a vacuum suction cleaning.
DO NOT USE WIRE BRUSHES.

Oil, grease, tar and wax can be removed by adding a NON-CONDUCTIVE DETERGENT to the wash water. After washing, it is necessary to dry the windings in an oven. Bake in an oven (preferably a circulating air oven) at a temperature not over 90C (194F) until insulation resistance remains constant.

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RECONDITIONING WINDINGS
If after cleaning with solvent or water and detergent, the insulation shows signs of dryness, it may be necessary to re-impregnate the windings. Consult your local Reliance Service Engineer for proper type and method of reinsulating the windings.

1. Nearest Reliance Sales Office. 2. Nearest Reliance Distributor. 3. Reliance Renewal Parts, Greenville, SC. Be sure to include complete nameplate data, purchase order number, serial number, model number, rating, etc., for your motor when ordering the spare parts list. Parts can be obtained from your nearest distributor or directly from our factory. When ordering parts for which a part number is not available, give complete description of part and purchase order number, serial number, model number, etc. of the equipment on which the part is used.

CHECKING INSULATION RESISTANCE


If the motor has been in storage for an extended period or has been subjected to adverse moisture conditions, check the insulation resistance of the stator winding with a megger or an insulation resistance meter. The minimum insulation resistance (RM) can be determined from the following formula: RM = KV + 1 Where RM = Minimum insulation resistance in mega ohms at 40C of the entire machine winding. KV = Rating machine potential, in kilovolts. For machines in good condition, insulation and resistance readings of 10 to 100 times RM are common. If the insulation resistance is lower than that calculated from the formula, the windings should be dried out as follows: Bake in an oven (preferably a circulating air oven) at a temperature not over 90C (194F) until insulation resistance remains constant.

RENEWAL PARTS
The high productivity expected in industry today demands a well planned maintenance program. The success of which often can depend on the number and type of spare parts on hand. Serious consideration should be given to having all nvital replacement components on hand to protect the units against costly down time. A detailed parts list, which gives Reliances recommendations for spare parts that should be stocked for your motor, can be ordered from the following offices:
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SECTION 5: OPTIONAL ACCESSORIES


2. Needs a separately mounted control and power source to read temperature or to provide a means for relay operation (for either alarm or motor shut down features). 3. Temperature can be monitored using an ohm meter or a resistance bridge and converting the resistance to temperature. 4. Will respond thermally to normal load and temperature changes, but not fast enough to provide locked rotor protection.

NOTE: Motor will be equipped with the following accessories ONLY if ordered with the motor. WINDING RESISTANCE TEMPERATURE DETECTOR (RTD) Purpose
The winding RTD is used to measure or monitor winding temperature during operation.

WINDING THERMOSTAT Purpose


The winding thermostat is used to indicate that the winding temperature has exceeded normal operating temperatures.

Principle of Operation
The thermostat uses a bi-metal snap action disc to operate a set of contacts. The operating temperature is factory selected and nonadjustable. The contacts can be wired directly to a relay to provide either alarm indication or motor shut down features. Means of temperature measuring or monitoring cannot be provided with this device. Refer to lead tags for voltage and current limitations of contacts.

Principle of Operation
The RTD uses a wire wound in a flat ribbon coil. It is wound so that it is a non-inductive device. Its mode of operation is that of a linear change in resistance with temperature.

Customer Inter-Connect
RTD leads are supplied in a separate conduit box. Leads are tagged and connected to a terminal block. One side of the customers bridge circuit must be grounded. This can be done either at the motor terminal box or at the instrumentation end of the circuit. Voltages that might appear on the circuit will then be passed to ground.

Customer Inter-Connect
Leads terminate in a separate conduit box. Leads are tagged.

Remarks
1. Cannot be used to measure or monitor temperatures. 2. Can be directly wired to motor starter hold in coil relay to provide motor shut down due to excessive temperature.

Remarks
1. Can provide either continuous temperature measuring or temperature monitoring.

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3. Can be wired directly to an alarm circuit without the use of a separate relay. 4. Can be used for AC or DC operation. 5. The thermostat provides a thermally automatic reset feature. The snap action automatic reset feature can cause difficulty in troubleshooting unless it is connected to a manual reset relay. 6. Will respond thermally to normal load / temperature changes; however will not respond fast enough to provide locked rotor protection.

WINDING THERMISTOR Purpose


The winding thermistor is used to indicate the winding temperature has exceeded normal operating temperatures.

Principle of Operation
Device is a semiconductor that changes its resistance abruptly at a certain temperature. The change is used to trigger a switching action in an external control which provides an alarm or shutdown signal.

WINDING THERMOCOUPLE (T/C) Purpose


The winding thermocouple (T/C) is used to measure or monitor winding temperature.

Customer Inter-Connect
Thermistor leads are brought to a terminal strip located on the coilhead. Separate leads continue to controller, located in the accessory conduit box, where customer connections are made.

Principle of Operation
The T/C uses a junction of two dis-similar metals to generate a voltage which varies with change in junction temperature.

Remarks
The winding thermistor cannot be used to measure or monitor winding temperatures. This device will not provide locked rotor protection.

Customer Inter-Connect
Using same type of T/C wire, connect to leads supplied in separate conduit box. Leads are tagged.

BEARING RESISTANCE TEMPERATURE DETECTOR (RTD) Purpose


The bearing RTD is used to measure or monitor bearing temperature during operation.

Remarks
1. Can provide either continuous temperature measuring or temperature monitoring. 2. Can measure temperature by using a potentiometer and converting from voltage to temperature by using proper conversion tables. 3. Needs separately mounted control and power source to read temperature or to provide a means of relay operation for either alarm or motor shutdown features.

Principle of Operation
The RTD uses a wire wound in a coil. It is wound so that it is a non-inductive device. Its mode of operation is that of a linear change in resistance with temperature.

Customer Inter-Connect
A terminal strip is supplied inside a conduit box and the leads are tagged.

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Remarks
1. Can provide either continuous temperature measuring or temperature monitoring. 2. Needs a separately mounted control and power source to read temperatures or to provide a means for relay operation for either alarm or motor shut down features. 3. Temperature can be monitored using an ohm meter or a resistance bridge and converting the resistance (after subtracting lead resistance) to temperature by using the appropriate conversion tables for the element.

BEARING THERMOSTAT
(Also called Bearing Temperature Relay or Gas Bulb Switch)

Purpose
The bearing thermostat is used to indicate that the bearing temperature has exceeded normal operating temperatures.

Principle of Operation
The device operates due to expansion of gas sealed within a gas bulb element which is placed in contact with the bearing or oil in the bearing sump. As the temperature of the bearing or oil increases, the gas in the element expands and deflects a diaphragm in the switch. The movement of the diaphragm activates the switch contacts. The contacts can be wired directly to a relay to provide either alarm indication or motor shutdown.

BEARING THERMOCOUPLE (T/C) Purpose


The bearing thermocouple (T/C) is used to measure or monitor bearing temperature during operation.

Construction Principle of Operation


The T/C uses a junction of two dis-similar metals to generate a voltage, which varies linearly with change in junction temperature. The thermostat consists of a set of normally closed or normally open contacts operated by a diaphragm which is connected to a gas bulb through a capillary tube.

Customer Inter-Connect BEARING THERMOMETER


Using the same type of T/C wire, connect to terminal strip posts in separate conduit box. Leads are tagged.

Purpose
The bearing thermometer is used to directly measure the temperature of the oil in the bearing sump or of the bearing.

Remarks
1. Can provide continuous temperature measuring or temperature monitoring.

SPACE HEATERS
2. Can also measure temperature by using a potentiometer and converting voltage to temperature by use of the proper conversion tables. 3. Needs separately mounted control and power source to read temperature or to provide a means of relay operation for either alarm of motor shut down features.

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Purpose
Space heaters are used to prevent condensation of moisture within the motor enclosure during shutdown or storage periods.

amount of oil introduced into the bearing. The oil drain line is provided with an oil weir to maintain the oil at the proper level within the motor oil sump. A common header system with one inlet and one outlet is also an available option. he bearings are also equipped with oil rings.

Mounting
Space heaters are selected, unless otherwise ordered, using the following parameters. 1. Sheath temperature 392F (200C) nominal maximum as standard. Lower Sheath temperatures are available. 2. The temperature of the windings and inside of the motor are maintained 10F (6C) above ambient while the space heaters are energized. 3. Assume ambient maximum of 40C (104F). From the above, space heaters are sized, mounted and terminated at an accessory conduit box. Leads are tagged.

Requirement
The standard O5800 Frame motor does not require a circulating oil system to maintain the bearing temperatures at the proper level. However, due to special application requirements of speed and ambient temperature the need for a lubrication system may exist. In these cases, the motor would be supplied with inlet and outlet provisions as standard for connection to a customer provided source of oil. These requirements will be defined on the motor Dimension Sheet and software.

CONSTANT LEVEL OILERS CIRCULATING OR FLOOD LUBE OIL PROVISIONS Purpose


To provide a source of cool, clean oil to the bearings.

Description
Constant level oilers are an option for sleeve bearing motors. Constant level oilers are used as supplementary oil sumps which provide a source of oil to replenish small amounts of oil lost from the bearing oil sump by leakage. They provide this feature without changing the oil level in the sump. One constant level oiler is provided for each bearing.

Operation
The device is mounted on the side of the motor and is interconnected to the bearing housing. As oil level in the bearing sump is decreased, the constant level device adds oil to the bearing oil sump to a pre-determined level. This level is set at the factory and should not require additional adjustments.

Description
The provisions for circulating lube oil consist of oil inlet connection(s) and oil drain connection( s) to which the customer is to connect the lubrication system lines. Oil inlet(s) and outlet(s) are provided at each bearing to introduce oil into the journal area and extract oil from the oil sump. An orifice is provided in the oil inlet pipe line to control the
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If the oiler is to be replaced or its operation checked, the following procedures should be followed: OIL-RITE Brand Oiler 1. The oil level groove on the oiler body, below the oiler bottle, must be located at the midpoint of the oil level gauge. 2. The position of the oiler is adjusted by changing the length of the pipe nipple threaded into the bottom of the oiler body or by adjusting the hex-nuts on the mounting stud below the oiler body. NOTE: Fill cap on constant level oiler must be closed tightly for oiler to operate. TRICO Brand Oiler 1. Adjusting the location of the oil bottle sets the oil level. Thumbscrews are provided on the oil bottle to lock it in place after adjustment is completed. The oil level should be set at the midpoint of the oil level sight gage on the face of the bracket.

Principle of Operation
The switch is connected through tubing or hoses to static pressure probes located on the inlet and exhaust sides of the air filters. As the air filters become clogged during operation the static pressure drop across the filters will increase and the air flow through the motor will be reduced. The static pressure probes sense the change in static pressure drop across the filter and, as a result of this pressure imbalance, a diaphragm in the switch body is deflected. The switch diaphragm deflection will actuate the switch contacts.

Remarks
1. Can provide an indication of reduced air flow (increased static air pressure drop) through the air filters but cannot be used to measure actual air flow rates. 2. Primary function is as a maintenance aid to alert the user of the filter condition, since the switch can be utilized to activate an alarm or signal a potential shut down condition. 3. Switch contacts are preset to actuate at a static pressure differential of 0.5 W.G. This value indicates clogged filters.

Features
Constant features: level oilers have the following

1. Auxiliary source of oil for slight oil leakage. 2. Provides an indication of rate of oil leakage by the change in oil level in the constant level oiler. 3. Gives a quick look assurance that oil is in the bearing without the need to get close to the housing or shaft.

DIFFERENTIAL AIR INDICATOR (Manometer) Purpose

PRESSURE

The differential air pressure indicator (manometer) is used to measure the static air pressure drop across the air filters which is an indication of the degree of blockage of the filter.

Principle of Operation
The differential air pressure indicator is an inclinedvertical manometer connected through tubing and/or hose to static pressure probes located on the inlet and exhaust sides of the air filters. As the air filters become clogged during operation, the static air pressure drop across the filters will increase and the liquid column

DIFFERENTIAL AIR PRESSURE SWITCH Purpose


The differential air pressure switch is used to indicate dirty or clogged air filters.

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level in the manometer tube will change. This change in liquid column level in the manometer is calibrated to indicate the static pressure drop in inches of water.

CURRENT TRANSFORMERS Description


Current transformers are a means of measuring or sensing current flow through the input leads of AC motors.

Remarks
1. Can provide a continuous indication of static air pressure drop across the air filters (i.e. reduced air flow volume) but cannot be used to measure actual air flow rates. 2. Primary function is as a maintenance aid to alert the user of the filter condition. 3. The manometer scale is marked at the factory: green pointer at the clean filter pressure differential, red pointer at the dirty filter pressure differential.

Application
Applications involve use of current transformers either for differential protection or metering line phase current.

Installation
The current transformers can be supplied and mounted in an oversize main motor conduit box. The current transformers will be identified by the ratio on the transformers nameplate and will include screw type terminals on the secondary terminals.

PRESSURE SWITCHES Purpose


Pressure switches are used to warn of pressure below a set limit. They can be applied to oil pumps / oil systems or water coolers (heat exchangers).

Selection
The selection of the current transformers is based upon the ratio that the user requires for matching his meters or related instrumentation.

Installation
The device is connected to the system close to the pressure source using tubing and fittings as required. The device has a set of contacts that must be wired into an appropriate circuit to provide protection. A conduit box is provided for customer connections.

LIGHTNING ARRESTORS AND SURGE CAPACITORS Description


Lightning arrestors serve to limit the crest value of incoming voltage curves. Surge capacitors tend to lengthen the rise time of the surge wave front reducing its effects on the stator winding.

Remarks
The device is set at the factory for safe operation. Since the device uses an adjustable sensor, adjustments can be made in the field to suit special conditions.

Installation
Lightning arrestors and/or surge capacitors can be mounted in an oversize main motor conduit box. They are connected from motor line leads to ground, as near as possible to the motor.

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Selection
Reliance standard capacitance values for surge capacitors are 1.0 mfd for 460 and 575 volt motors and 0.50 mfd for 2300 through 7000 volt motors. They are suitable for 25, 40, 50, or 60 Hz power systems. Lightning arrestors are selected according to the maximum RMS line to ground voltage.

AIR FILTERS Purpose


Air filters are installed immediately behind the air inlet screens to provide the motor with clean cooling air.

Remarks
1. Resistance to air flow of a clean filter should not exceed 0.15 W.G. of static air pressure drop across the filter. 2. Reliance recommends that the filters be cleaned or replaced when the static air pressure drop across the filters reaches 0.50 W.G. 3. Permanent, cleanable all metal filters are standard. Disposable filters can be furnished by special order.

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TROUBLESHOOTING
TROUBLE
Motor will not start

CAUSE
Incorrect Line Voltage Overload relay tripped Fuses blown or defective

SOLUTION
Check nameplate for required voltage Correct and reset Replace fuses

Motor improperly connected Check motor connection and control connections

Open circuit in stator or rotor Check for open circuit Short circuit in stator Grounded Winding Motor noisy Winding single-phased Loose mounting Noisy bearing Coupling halves loose Vibration Check for short circuit Check for ground If winding is single-phased, unit will not start Stop unit and try to reset Check and correct Check and replace Inspect alignment and tighten Check alignment with driver connected Check feet planity Correct balance of motor if necessary Check key unbalance on coupling Add lubricant per nameplate instructions Realign unit Incorrect replacement bearing - consult factory Clean filters, check to see if louvers are blocked Refer to nameplate requirements and correct Check for proper lubrication, oil level, leaks Check alignment and coupling float Drain and refill, change filters in flood lube system, inspect for source of contamination Check bearing bore and shaft O.D. for proper clearance Check for damage, check roundness and for burrs - repair or replace if necessary Dress, scrape and refit Dress and polish shaft Realign bearing or re-seat bearing Realign motor Insulate bearing and isolate shaft from ground

Excessive Bearing Inadequate lubrication Temperature Coupling misalignment (anti-friction bearing) Inadequate internal clearance Excessive Bearing Temperature (sleeve bearing) Inadequate ventilation Inadequate oil supply Excessive end thrust Contaminated oil Tight clearance Oil rings not functioning Bearing material wiped Rough shaft or corrosion Bearing misalignment Coupling misalignment Shaft current

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TROUBLE
Excessive Temperature Overload

CAUSE

SOLUTION
Reduce load to nameplate rating or replace with larger unit

Restricted ventilation

Check openings and duct work for obstructions and correct


Check for grounded or shorted coils and unbal- anced voltages between phases Drain to proper level or adjust oiler elevation Tighten Tighten or replace worn threaded parts Clear out passage

Electrical Oil Leak (sleeve bearing units) Overfilled Seals not secured properly Pipe fittings loose Bearing air pressure equalizer vent passage clogged

Wrong sealing compound Use Permatex Aviation type No. 3 or other used on bearing cap surface non-hardening gasket sealer Oil Leak To much oil flow in pressure Reduce flow to recommended level on (Flood Lubrication System) lube system nameplate Air pressure unbalanced Coupling misalignment Coupling unbalance Coupling key unbalance Rotor unbalance Clean venting pipes Realign to operating condition Re-balance

Excessive Vibration

Foundation resonance Make adjustments to foundation structure improperly designed Worn bearing Replace bearing if oversize Check motor vibration uncoupled, if necessary re- balance equipment

Coupled equipment

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Baldor Electric Company Headquarters P.O. Box 2400, Fort Smith, AR 72902-2400 U.S.A., Ph: (1) 479.648.5792, Fax (1) 479.648.5792, International Fax (1) 479.648.5895 DODGE/Reliance Division 6040 Ponders Court, Greenville, SC 29615-4617 U.S.A., Ph: (1) 864.297.4800, FAX: (1) 864.281.2433
Copyright 2007 Baldor Electric Company All Rights Reserved. Printed in USA.

04/07

1C-K

This material is not intended to provide operational instructions. Appropriate instruction manuals and precautions should be studied prior to installation, operation or maintenance of equipment.

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