january

2012

quill
www.gpoc.com

THE PROSPECTOR’S

Photo: Perth Mint CEO Ed Harbuz stands next to the 1,012kg gold coin. (Supplied: Perth Mint)

Official publication of The Gold Prospectors of Colorado
PO Box 1593, Colorado Springs, Colorado 80901

volume 39 no.1

Sluice Box Design by Lin
I have done extensive research on the sluice box that I will be presenting in a series of articles. In this issue I have written information that will give you items to think about in planning your sluice. By creating a paper or cardboard template before fabrication you will save yourself time and money. What I have found is that research can be limited and dated and not all inclusive. There is information available, but it is often sporadic, controversial, and incomplete. Many forums carry discussions on sluices, but they can be opinionated based on individual experiences, expertise, location, dollars available and type of gold. We all want to find an economical way of prospecting for gold, and the inventiveness and creativity of prospectors abounds. Many have designed their sluices around salvaged or repurposed materials. In addition, they have the tools and expertise to do the job. If you do not have the experience or tools you may find that building your own sluice is too much of a challenge. But, there are always those who love to tinker and are up for a good challenge!

Inside
HR 2764 Claim Paperwork! Contacts! January Calendar! January Activities! Grinding Wheels! Bearing Sea Gold! “Chicken Bill”! Prospecting The Internet! 2 2 3 4 4 4 5 6 Worldʼs Largest Gold Coin! 7 To Build Or Not To Build A Sluice! 8 To Build Or Not To Build A Sluice! 9 To Build Or Not To Build A Sluice! 0 1 Sluice Diagram ! 11 Sluice Plans On The Internet! 12-18

G LD NUGGETS is a blog for and by GPOC members. Gold Nuggets is an informational hub for members to keep up-to-date with GPOC news and events. We encourage you to email your news items and information to the webmaster at www.gpoc.com. Join GPOC on FACEBOOK! You need your own Facebook account. Access GPOC on FACEBOOK through a link on the GPOC website.

President Ben Higley president@gpoc.com

Treasurer Bill Smith treasure@gpoc.com Webmaster webmaster@gpoc.com Editor Lin Smith quill@gpoc.com

Membership membership@gpoc.com Claims claims@gpoc.com

Trustees One Year Diane Anderson Two Year Jim Blakenship Three Year

GPOC
contacts

Vice President Wayne Wittkopp vicepresident@gpoc. com Secretary Stacey Smith secretary@gpoc.com

Dick Margeson

Claim Holders Beware! HR 2764 Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2008
Maintenance fee requirements for your claims have changed, and if you fail to take notice of the slight changes that have been made YOU COULD LOOSE YOUR CLAIM. The Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2008 changed the deadline for filing to 12:01 a.m. on September 1. This forces miners to get all information in by August 31st. August 31st, 2012 falls on a Friday. The Interior Board of Land Appeals ruled against a miner on August 17, 2011. He filed his paperwork in person on September 1st. While you may find outdated information on many websites referring to on or before September 1st the IBLA found that it was the minerʼs responsibility to be upto-date on current rules and regulations. “ Pursuant to The Consolidate Appropriations Act, 2008,121 Stat. 2101, the annual assessment year begins at 12:01 a.m. on September 1 IBLA 2011-171. The holder of an unpatented mining claim, mill site, or tunnel site is required to pay a maintenance fee for each claim or site before September 1 of each year. The BLM Utah website correctly states: “The assessment year beings at 12:01 a.m. September 1 and ends at 12:01 a.m. September 1, of the next year.” Additionally: “Members of the public are charged with constructive knowledge of their obligations under statutes and related implementing regulations, and BLM generally owes no duty to send personal notification to mining claimants with respect to the enactment of new laws and promulgation of new regulations, including increases in annual maintenance fees” http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/z?d110:H.R.2764: H:\IBLA Convert\Converted\181IBLA\WPD\L270-276.wpd

GPOC The Prospector’s Quill Vol. 39 No.1

Claims

Prospector’s Quill
Editor Lin Smith quill@gpoc.com
Gold Prospectors of Colorado P.O. Box 1593 Colorado Springs, Colorado 80901 The GPOC is a 501(c) charitable organization

www.gpoc.com
The Prospector’s Quill is the official newsletter of the Gold Prospectors of Colorado. The opinions are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of the club or its members. The editor, club, officers, and contributors do not assume any liability for damages resulting from use of information in the Prospector’s Quill. Articles of interest are welcomed. All articles submitted for publication are subject to editing. Submission of articles must be received before the 20th of the month. Unless noted, non-profits may reprint or quote from articles, provided credit is given to the author’s and publication and a copy of the newsletter the article appears in is sent to the editor of The Prospectorʼs Quill at PO Box 1593, CS CO 80913. All pictures are the property of the photographer and are not to be copied or reproduced.
The information is provided solely for the readerʼs g e n e r a l k n o w l e d g e .  G P O C a s s u m e s n o responsibility for its completeness or accuracy.  Although care has been taken to produce the information in the Quill, information is provided without warranty of any kind, either express or implied, regarding the accuracy or completeness of the information. I want to thank you in advance for pointing out my mistakes! However, it is YOUR responsibility to research resources and make sure that you are in compliance with all laws and regulations, as well as following the GPOC CODE of ETHICS.

WE ARE ELECTRONIC at www.gpoc.com

2

January Calendar

meetings
5th
Board Meeting

meetings
28th
Claims Committee Developing A Plan of Operations How-To 10 AM WMMI 225 Northgate Blvd. Colorado Springs, CO

events
12th
Winter Camping REI CS, CO 1376 E Woodmen Rd, Colorado Springs, CO (719) 260-1455

events
21st
2012 Gold & Treasure Show Pomona, California GPAA 909-623-3111

Gold Hill Police Station 955 Moreno Avenue, CS, CO 7:00 PM For further information contact:

Ice Castles at Silverthorne

http:// www.goldprospectors. org/

6:30PM - 8:00 PM
president@gpoc.com

www.gpoc.com

Date subject to change

11th
Denver Zoo for free on the following dates: Friday, Jan. 6 Saturday, Jan. 7 Wednesday, Jan. 18 http:// www.denverzoo.org/ visitors/index.asp General Membership Meeting

5th-8th
International Sportsmanship Expo Colorado Convention Center 700 14th Street Denver, CO
http:// www.sportsexpos.com/ index.cfm? fuseaction=viewlocatio n&locationnumber=3

14th
Family Day Geology WMMI 225 Northgate Blvd. Colorado Springs, CO Free admission with Current GPOC Membership

21st
Winter Fun Day Leadville Fish Hatchery http://www.fws.gov/ leadville/ 2846 Highway 300 Leadville, CO 80461 (719) 486-0189

7:00 PM 3400 N.Nevada CS, CO

look for discount info on web site

see info below see info below

Colorado Springs REI — Winter Camping
January 12, 2012 Free 6:30 p.m. - 8:00 p.m. (MST) Description: With a little (sometimes a lot) of planning you'll stay toasty warm, have a full stomach, and marvel at the great scenery that is only available when you are really "out there." Experienced REI staff will guide you to the gear and other preparations you will need for this type of winter adventure. Register http://www.rei.com/stores/68

Imagine how the West was won when Buffalo Bill, Annie Oakley and Calamity Jane ride into the Events Center during two Wild West Shows.

Western Museum of Mining and Industry Family Day Geology Jan. 14th
A day of fossils, minerals,  rocks and more. Representatives from the Denver Museum of Nature & Science, Florissant Fossil Beds, and Colorado Springs Mineralogical Society will be here and  offer interactive and hands-on demonstrations regarding geology. Special presentations will be at 11:00 a.m. and 1:30 p.m.

Winter Fun Day at Leadville Fish Hatchery Saturday, January 21, 2012 1 PM Includes guided snowshoe or cross-country ski tour. Free! Mining was not the only interest that the nation had in Leadville. In 1889, Congress established a National Fish Hatchery on the east side of Mt. Massive. It's now the oldest fish hatchery west of the Mississippi River. Ice Castles at Silverthorne
The Ice Castles at Silverthorne will remain open until April 2012. Ice Castles are one-of-a-kind formations that can reach up to 50 feet high and weigh over 10,000 tons. These creations of walkways, illuminated ice formations, tunnels and arches are all made entirely out of ice and are naturally shaped by gravity and freezing water. Weekdays - noon to 9pm, Saturdays - 10am to 10pm and closed on Sundays.   (weather permitting). Tickets can be purchased at the on-site ticket office at 400 Blue River Parkway, Silverthorne.    (find  parking information here.)   Tickets are $10 for adults and $7.50 for children. Kids under the age of  3 are free. www.icecastles.com for more information. 
3

National Western Stock Show
http://www.nationalwestern.com/schedule/

National Westernʼs New Wild West Show January 14th-15th http://www.nationalwestern.com/horse-show/wild-westshow.aspx
GPOC The Prospector’s Quill Vol. 39 No.1

WE ARE ELECTRONIC at www.gpoc.com

GPOC The Prospector’s Quill Vol. 39 No.1

Thermite
 DO NOT USE A GRINDER  WHEEL WITH ALUMINUM There are some materials that can cause major problems if you try to grind them. In particular, the big no-no with grinders is aluminum. Aluminum melts easily, and if you were to try to grind down aluminum, it would start to melt and the aluminum would coat the wheel. Finely divided aluminum mixed with finely divided ferrous oxide (the black powder residue from grinding steel) produces a compound called thermite! Not a good mixture to have around with sparks flying. The stone would grind the aluminum for a while, but particles would start getting embedded in the pores of the stone. And the next time the stone comes around, there's no grit exposed, only little bits of aluminum. So the aluminum on the piece rubs against the aluminum on the wheel, producing more heat, which produces more melting, and so on. The natural response of the person at the wheel is to push the piece harder against the wheel. But this will only cause more friction and heat up the wheel faster. If the wheel heats up enough, it can explode. Mixing water with thermite or pouring water onto burning thermite can cause a steam explosion, spraying hot fragments in all directions. NEVER use this type of wheel to grind aluminum. This is another reason why I want to emphasize to all you D.I.Y.ʼers that you need to know what you are doing when working with aluminum and fabricating a sluice.

Park County Historical Society
Dinner and History Presentation January 14th from 5:00 PM - 7 PM at the Platte Canyon Community Center in Shawnee. This $5.00 dinner is open to the public. There will be a musical and historical presentation by well known Rex Rideout.  He plays the mandolin, fiddle, banjo and tin whistle along with  reenacting  living history.  He has been featured on TV, radio and in  history magazines. http://www.parkcountyhistory.com/

A big thank you goes out to all who helped make the GPOC Christmas party a success, especially Howard Divelbiss and his wife Marilyn, Lin Smith, Ben Higley, R.J. for his smoked brisket and his and his wifeʼs help, Linda Jent, Gloria Ohrns, Yam, and many more. A huge thank you to all who helped support the Toys for Tots program.

Bering Sea Gold January 2012
From the creators of the Emmy®-winning DEADLIEST CATCH comes BERING SEA GOLD, premiering on Discovery Channel Friday, January 27, 2012 at 10PM ET/PT. | http://dsc.discovery.com/show-news/ discovery-channel-announces-premiere-ofbering-sea-gold.html Clearly if youʼre fan of Deadliest Catch or Gold Rush, this is right up your alley: Introducing Bering Sea Gold, an eight-part series that follows a set of eccentric characters who take to the frigid open water in custom-built (and, often, barely seaworthy) rigs to dive for gold.

In this newsletter, GPOC provides links and references to other websites.  GPOC has no control over information at such sites hyperlinked or referred to.  These links and references are being provided for the convenience of the readers, and GPOC does not endorse and is not responsible or liable for the content, nature, or reliability of any linked or referenced website or any link contained in a linked or referenced website.    GPOC takes no responsibility for monitoring, updating, supplementing, or correcting any information on any linked or referenced website and makes no representation or warranties regarding such information.
WE ARE ELECTRONIC at www.gpoc.com 4

Bill Lovell, alias “Chicken Bill”

Miners used to eat a lot of venison stew and bully beef. It was what was available and kept well during the long cold winters. So the thought of sinking their teeth into a juicy bird was a treat and a welcome change in diet. Bill saw this as an opportunity to make a few bucks, so he ventured over to South Park and bought some aging hens and a few “retired” roosters. Ah, sounds appetizing! Yep, they were some pretty sorry looking birds that Bill gathered in South Park. But when youʼve been eating beef jerky, beef stew, and beef hash day after day, a simple fryer seems like a delicacy. Bill knew this, and he was sure of the birdsʼ value in the Cloud City. With the first break in weather, he headed back to Leadville over Mosquito Pass with the birds strapped over his shoulders. He must have been a sight because at this point in the journey, the flock was still alive. The route was not an easy one. The snow was pretty deep on the north facing side, making the journey take longer than he anticipated. Before long a blizzard closed in on William Lovell at the top of the Mosquito Pass. Brrrrr!   But Bill was determined to bring those birds to Leadville and make his profit. He survived the treacherous storm all night and the skies finally cleared at dawn. But with the hopeful sunrise another problem presented itself: his flock had frozen to death. All that work wasted. Or was it? A quick plucking and cleaning and he was on his way, skiing down the western slopes of Mosquito, into town to get top dollar for his flash frozen chickens. No one would be the wiser, he thought. His gamble paid off and he was paid  handsomely for his frozen fowl. But like most secrets in Leadville, word had gotten out about his adventure. And that those fowl werenʼt nearly as “fresh” as William Lovell made them out to be. It wasnʼt long before everyone was calling him Chicken Bill. Now, if youʼre wondering if this story has anything to do with Leadvilleʼs commonly known Chicken Hill, it does. In fact the western slope of Carbonate Hill was Billʼs home; he was the first resident of the area. So it only seems logical that Chicken Bill would live on what would become known as Chicken Hill. Park County Historical Society

Leadville, Colorado, had never seen the likes of William Lovell alias Chicken Bill. He was a miner and prospector and above all a great opportunist. Chicken Bill received his nickname when he attempted to herd a flock of chickens across Mosquito Pass. He gave his utmost attention to every sucker that stepped off the stagecoach or train. His only problem was his own bad luck. In its early years, Leadville was the site of famous mining swindles. When the Little Pittsburg mine exhausted its rich ore body, the managers sold their shares while concealing the actual condition of the mine from other stockholders. "Chicken Bill" Lovell dumped a wheelbarrow of rich silver ore into a barren pit on his Chrysolite mining claim in order to sell the claim to Horace Tabor for $900. Tabor had the last laugh when his miners dug a few feet farther and discovered a rich ore body. Many cite the wheelbarrow of ore but one article talks about holes and dynamite. This was in 1878, but according to the Flume, “Chicken Bill” was still working his charms in 1883.

December 20th 1883 Flume Citizens of Canon and Buena Vista have been paying a good price, during the last ten days, for a more intimate acquaintance with Bill Lovell, alias “Chicken Bill.” It seems that, being in a periodical “hard-up” condition, Bill turned his attention to the manufacture of brass nuggets, in which business he is skilled by long practice, having tried the game first fifteen years ago. By a process known to himself only he turned out a lot of nuggets of brass, containing a small percentage of gold and a large proportion of brass, that looked just as “natural as life.” These he disposed of to collectors at the places named, at prices ranging from eight to twenty dollars apiece. he is believed to have realized about $250 on this last venture. Bill is a “slick one,”, and in selling a nugget generally tells the buyer that he can’t guarantee it to be all gold; the supposition being that it is part silver. The buyer generally remarks that he can see gold enough in it to satisfy him, and so hands over the amount asked for the virgin treasure. As long as the “suckers” and brass filings hold out Bill will never starve to death or go to prison. It was mentioned in the Flume in 1883 that “Chicken Bill Lovell is superintending a mine in Big Evans Gulch for H.A.W. Tabor”.
5

GPOC The Prospector’s Quill Vol. 39 No.1

WE ARE ELECTRONIC at www.gpoc.com

PROSPECTiNG THE INTERNET

On the MDHTALK website there is a search menu button that results in locating metal detecting YouTube videos by state. By using this website feature and reviewing a number of states it starts to become apparent that the detecting experience is some what different from region to region. States in the Northeast have some very old relics, states in the south have civil war artifacts, state with a coast line have beaches, states in the west have gold, etc. I encourage you to take a look at this feature. You may want to plan your next vacation or outing on what you find for a specific state. http://www.mdhtalk.org/

A Gold Mine on Washingtonʼs Beaches? http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/localnews/ 2016707720_apwabeachmining.html the Parks and Recreation Commission t now allows and regulates small-scale beach prospecting and placer mining in the conservation area, which includes lands under state ownership or control between Cape Disappointment and Leadbetter Point; between Toke Point and the South Jetty on Point Chehalis; and between Damon Point and the Makah Indian Reservation. A Free On-Line Book on How to Read Topographic Maps and Use a Compass
http://www.map-reading.com/intro.php

Historical Topographic Map Collection http://nationalmap.gov/ustopo/index.html
Nearly 124,000 high resolution scans of the more than 200,000 historical USGS topographic maps, some dating as far back as 1884. The Historical Topographic Map Collection includes published U.S. maps of all scales and editions, and are offered as a georeferenced digital download or as a scanned print from the USGS Store. Historical maps are offered to the public at no cost in GeoPDF format or as a printed copy for $15 plus a $5 handling charge from the USGS Store and can be used in conjunction with the new USGS digital topographic map, the US Topo.

Resources for 250 demonstrations and tests of Gold Sluice Jim Meaney of the M.T.H.A.- Massachusetts Treasure Hunting Association ran across this very interesting website that sells old postcards. The site is called CardCow.com and lists all the states. Just select a state and the site provides a list of towns for that state with the number of old post cards available for that town. Just select the town to view the cards. This could be a great site for researching your state and town to see what it looked like many years ago. You may find old forgotten parks, beaches, schools, churches, fairgrounds, etc. Take a look. MDHTALK
http://gold.sluice.product.info/video_test.asp? typ=demo&keywords=gold+sluice

Google Mapped Mine Sites in Colorado

http://www.mindat.org/ minlocsearch....&minname=Au&region=colorado
39 pages of gold mines listed for Colorado. Enter a mineral name (e.g. Almandine), and part of a region name (e.g. Alaska) and this search will find all localities within the region containing that mineral. Try entering gold rather than AU. Also click on nearest localities after clicking on a location and up pops a extensive list you can research. How To Snipe For Gold http://slapsem.com/gold-prospecting/how-to-snipe-for-gold-aprimer-for-beginners/

REI Rental Equipment
Did you know that you can rent a variety of outdoor equipment from your local REI Store? On this web site you can visit each individual state, where their stores are and what equipment they have available for rental. If you are planning a trip to another state for a prospecting adventure you might be able to eliminate some hassles. In Colorado Springs tents, backpacks and cooking stoves are a few of the items available. Use this directory to find out which rental gear is offered by REI stores in your area. http://www.rei.com/ stores/rentals.html#colorado

Bureau of Mines Minerals Yearbook (1932-1993)

http://minerals.usgs.gov/minerals/pubs/usbmmyb.html
Posting Photos Online Beware Geotags

http://abclocal.go.com/wabc/video?id=7621105 Built into almost all smart phones and many GPS enabled cameras a feature can let others know where you took your picture within 15 feet! So if you donʼt want those pictures of your favorite prospecting site do not put them on the web! Pictures on Craigʼs List, Facebook, forums, etc. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geotagging

GPOC The Prospector’s Quill Vol. 39 No.1

WE ARE ELECTRONIC at www.gpoc.com

6

Worldʼs Largest Gold Coin

The Perth Mint is Australia's oldest operating mint. On June 20th, 1899, the Perth Mint was opened as a branch of the Royal Mint in London to refine gold and manufacture gold sovereigns and half sovereigns to be used as currency in the colony. At that time, Western Australia's population was growing rapidly (23,000 in 1869 and 180,000 in 1900) due largely to the discovery of gold in the Kalgoorlie, Coolgardie and Murchison areas of the colony. There was very little money available in Perth for which miners could exchange gold to pay for goods. Diggers, who flocked to the then colony of Western Australia in huge numbers from other parts of Australia and from around the world, deposited their raw gold at The Perth Mint where it was refined and minted into gold coins. The Mint remained under the jurisdiction of Britain until 1 July 1970, when it became a statutory authority of the Government of Western Australia. It is now owned by Gold Corporation, which is wholly owned by the Government of Western Australia. Between 1899 and 1931, the Perth Mint struck more than 106 million gold sovereigns and nearly 735,000 halfsovereigns for use as currency in Australia and throughout the British Empire. The Mint stopped making gold sovereigns when Britain abandoned t h e g o l d s t a n d a r d i n 1 9 3 1 .  Nevertheless, the refinery remained busy as staff turned their skills to making fine gold bullion bars. Up to 2000, the Mint's refined gold output totaled 4,500 tonne, representing 3.25% of the total weight of gold produced by humankind. This is about the current holdings of gold bullion in the United States Mint's Fort Knox Bullion Depository. Up until the end of 1983, the Perth Mint also manufactured much of Australia's lower-denomination coin currency.
Information from the Perth Mint and Wikipedia

The world's largest gold coin was unveiled at the Perth Mint in Australia to mark the opening of the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting (CHOGM) in the Western Australia capital in October 2011. The giant coin weighs more than one tonne and is worth $53.5 million (£35.1m). It bears the image of The Queen on one side and a leaping kangaroo on the other. With a denomination of $1 million, the coin was "the pinnacle of ingenuity and innovation", Perth Mint chief executive Ed Harbuz said. "To cast and handicraft a coin of this size and weight was an incredible challenge – one which few other mints would even consider," he added. 18 people worked on producing the coin for 18 months. The massive coin weighs some 2,231 pounds and is 99.99 per cent pure gold. It is 31 inches wide and is more than 4.7 inches thick. The weight and purity of each issue from the mint is guaranteed by the West Australian government. The coin will now go on public exhibition. In addition to the unveiling of this “giant” coin several smaller coins were also released. For detailed pictures showing the manufacturing of this coin go to: http://www.today.az/news/interesting/97285.html

The previous record holder for the largest gold coin was the 100kilogram (220.5 pounds) $1,000,000 Maple Leaf coin made by the Royal Canadian Mint in 2007, the size of an extra-large pizza. There were five of such coins and one was auctioned for 3.27 million euros in June 2010 in Vienna, Austria.

GPOC The Prospector’s Quill Vol. 39 No.1

WE ARE ELECTRONIC at www.gpoc.com

7

To Build or Not to Build A Sluice
by Lin Smith

If you plan on purchasing a commercial sluice I recommend that you purchase it on site so that you can evaluate several models. Looking for the sluice that has the flattest bottom will give you the most uniform concentration of materials

Sluice boxes are one of the most reliable methods of gravity concentration and are used to work many types of gold bearing placer deposits as well as other minerals. Sluice boxes have been used for 100ʻs of years and because of their success rate they continue to be one of the most popular methods in gold recovery. Their basic design principles are used in all types of equipment from poop tubes, to rocker boxes, to Long Toms, highbankers and dredges. Regulations in Colorado prohibit the use of motorized equipment in many areas and may require a Plan of Operations if on your own claim. With a sluice, many areas will be accessible to you that otherwise might be limited by regulations. One can admire the ingenuity of early prospectors and the longevity of their inventions and contrivances. Modern day sluices incorporate the original designs of these early prospectors by enhancing their designs with modern materials and theories. The effectiveness of the equipment used by the minerʼs in the 1800s was limited. The materials they used in the construction of their sluices were those readily available such as wood. Today, we are reprocessing the material that was produced by these sluices and this should tell you something about their effectiveness. Whether purchasing or making your own sluice box the sluice box has many advantages. Their low cost in comparison to other larger pieces of mining equipment make them an economical choice for the beginning prospector. They can be as portable as a gold pan, only needing a reliable source of water in order to operate. Because they are not motorized they can be used in many areas without a permit and are not bound by as many regulations as motorized equipment. Being nonpowered you will not have to deal with the added weight, potential of spills, and the noise motorized equipment presents. With modern advancements you can recover fine gold despite numerous articles to the contrary.
GPOC The Prospector’s Quill Vol. 39 No.1

Disadvantages One of the largest disadvantages of a sluice is its ability to capture fine gold. Additional expanded metal, v-matting, minerʼs moss or carpet can be added which will increase a sluiceʼs productivity but its cost as well. There can be down time when the sluice is being cleaned or examined for gold and efficiency. Water is required to operate them Any movement or instability will disturb the gravel bed and concentration process Fluctations in volume and velocity of water will disturb the gravel bed and concentration process When sampling your tailing piles, sample all sections of the pile. Each shovel full of material will yield different results. Variables in slope, water velocity and volume, type of materials, feeds rates, etc., can all influence recovery rates Advantages Portable Inexpensive to operate and relative inexpensive to build or buy Simple modifications can be inexpensive Ease of operation once you understand operating principles Reliable Quiet Can be used in areas which require a permit for motorized equipment While modern developments in the construction of the sluice have made it more reliable, the basic principles which were used by minerʼs in the 1800s continue to apply. There are numerous designs and materials available in sluice boxes and you will need to decide if you want to invest in a commercial sluice or you will be constructing your own. If purchasing a ready made sluice, a wise choice would be to stick with the major brand names if you are a beginner. Your best resource can be your fellow prospectors or club affiliations. Ask them what they use and any proʼs or conʼs they might have, keeping in mind that there are numerous variables that influenced each individuals success rate and opinions. Certain considerations must be factored in when determining the type of sluice you want to design. You should take into account the size and shape of the gold you will be prospecting (flour gold in Colorado), the type of deposit, amount of water available and terrain. You also should research the regulations that apply to the area you will be using your sluice. There may be government limitations on size.
8

WE ARE ELECTRONIC at www.gpoc.com

There are a vast array of sluices available for purchase on the market. By researching commercial sluices you can gain information as to size, material and configurations that you can use in your own construction. Whether you buy or build your own sluice you will probably find that you will be doing modifications to your sluice depending upon the type of gold you will be sluicing and after using it in the field. Because a manufactured sluice will cost from $75 to $150 you will need to evaluate the cost of materials, your experience in fabrication and the availability of materials ( and whether you have health insurance or not) as to whether purchasing a sluice would be more economical than building one. Your personal preferences, the type of gold you will be recovering, topography, size and feed rate of material and water supply will determine the type of sluice configuration you choose. Some considerations that should be taken when working Coloradoʼs fine gold are: light weight for easy of portability, minimal box slope with low velocity water, sidewalls which are high enough to contain the water flow, ease of cleaning with minimal loss of gold by being narrow enough to fit inside a 5-gallon bucket, economics and your basic construction abilities. Doing your research, making detailed plans and a mock up of your design from cardboard will save you many headaches and wasted materials. The material a sluice box is made needs to be a major consideration. Because a sluice is used with water, rusting can be a major factor in metal sluices. Aluminum will be the least subject to rust, but you need to consider the different grades available and their cost. 063 (1/16 inch) 5052 aircraft grade aluminum will give strength to your sluice and is lightweight. Steel will be more cost effective but it is more prone to rusting and is heavier. Take into account the size of materials you will be using. Some materials come only in specific widths and lengths, and making your sluiceʼs size correspond with the size of materials will help prevent waste. The weight and durability of your sluice will also be a consideration. Fabrication of plastic is almost impossible for the do-it-yourselfer but might be a choice for you if you are purchasing a commercial sluice. Plastic scratches which might affect the concentration of material in your sluice. Keep in mind that while plastic may be lightweight will it hold up to the harsh Colorado UV rays and cold temperatures, and is it going to survive a major drop over an embankment? In Colorado you may find running water in the winter with bright clear skies but it can be below freezing. Some plastics donʼt like the cold! Plastic can warp or twist making it difficult to have a level bed, crucial to processing your material. A wooden sluice can be economical to build but will be heavier, needs to be kept waterproof, can absorb water making it heavier, and in our high-altitude and dry climate may dry out and warp. A metal sluice can be both durable and lightweight. A lot of abrasive material will be washed thru your sluice and

you want to have a durable material that can withstand the abuse. Cleanup is one of the most time consuming factors in sluicing. You need a sluice that will be easy to cleanup with a minimal loss of any gold. Complicated fabrication, which contains too many screws or bolts to undo not only will frustrate you but they may get in the way of proper processing. Your riffles, catch mat, and any screening should be easily accessible, removable and cleanable. If you slightly angle the sides outward it will be easier to place and remove any riffles, matting or screening. You will find some instructions that require you to glue down your mat. Glues break down under the harsh environment of water, abrasion and UV rays. Do you really want the hassle of removing old glue and destroying your costly matting? Coloradoʼs fine gold can work its way under the mat and you want to be able to remove the matting for a thorough washing of it and your sluice into a catch basin. When working with one group we had an individual pour water down the bed and not capture it in a catch basin. We watched our hard work pour into the Arkansas. Questions as to the width and depth of a sluice frequently arise. Some researches consider the width to be the most useful tool for controlling the velocity of water. A wider sluice should have a carefully designed feed box to ensure an even distribution of material across the entire width of the sluice, which can be more difficult to regulate. (by increasing the width you will decrease the depth and velocity of the water) A wide sluice requires more water for comparable water depth compared to a narrower sluice. Narrower sluices require less water velocity. A consideration when working with limited water availability. Coloradoʼs fine gold recovery requires a lower amount of water turbulence, velocity and depth. If your sluice is elevated a wider sluice will require a strong support structure. Increased width also will require closer attention to leveling your sluice. In order to fine-tune water velocity you can gradually adjust the slope of your sluice when in the field. Being able to adjust the slope is an important design feature. The minimum height of the sides should at least be 3 inches. You need to allow enough room for the height of your riffles, any matting, the amount of material you will be processing (length and width of box) and the volume of water you will be in. By examining the wall heights of commercial sluice boxes you will usually find a wall 3 to 4 inches high. You donʼt want the slurry in your box washing over the edge because of too short side walls. Long sluices are not necessary and may not mean any difference in your recovery rate, while the preclassification of your material before adding it to your sluice has a greater influence. Water velocity will accelerate with distance, which will make it harder for the riffles, expanded metal, miners moss and other “traps” to capture small gold particles. The limited research that has been done on sluices shows that the majority of gold will be trapped in the first third of a sluice.
9

GPOC The Prospector’s Quill Vol. 39 No.1

WE ARE ELECTRONIC at www.gpoc.com

A good rule of thumb is: a long narrow sluice will be more efficient than a short wide sluice. The length should be sufficient for all gravel and clay to be thoroughly broken up and disintegrated and for the gold to settle and be trapped. If the other components of your sluice have been given careful consideration for gold entrapment then the length of your sluice will not be as critical because most of the gold will have been captured in the first third of your sluice. You might want to consider the location you will be sluicing in. You need sufficient room to adjust the slope of your sluice. If your sluice is too long this may not be possible in some locations. Length also depends on the different sections you build into your sluice. The Pop and Son sluice design is longer to accommodate the different sections. Thus, the more sections you have the longer the sluice box will need to be. You also need to consider the style of riffles you will be using and the space they will require. The longer your sluice the less portable it will be, you will have longer cleanup times, and your material costs will increase. You also need to consider the size of raw materials available because the fewer welds you need to make the better. Will the sluice fit in your rig, and would it be more prone to warping? Most of all consider what you will be doing during cleanup. Lifting a sluice full of concentrates can be tricky due to the weight and environmental conditions. There are so many variables that come into play that it is difficult to estimate what works and what doesnʼt. If you research the different prospecting forums you will find conflicting opinions as to what works. You need to consider what will work best for you and your system, experimenting and testing as you go along. All the advice in the world based on another prospectorʼs results, where you have no idea what the variables were, can only give you basic ideas-its up to you to adjust your sluice to the variables that are unique to your situation. Concentration, feed rates, amount of black sand and other materials, slurry ratios, gold size and composition, gold distribution, water velocity and volume, sluice angles, width and length, stability of your unit and several other factors create variables unique for each operator. Gold distribution will also vary from every shovel full you dig. You may find that commercial sluices will prove to be the most cost-effective approach. Commercial sluices can often be cheaply and easily modified. When going to college and taking dietician classes I was always told that the recipes that were on products were tried and true. In order to sell their product manufacturers would provide recipes that were good and proven, which encouraged the purchasing of their products. The same should hold true with manufacturers of prospecting equipment. The tried and proven manufacturers want to sell their product and one of the best ways is by word of mouth. One would expect that they wouldnʼt sell something that wouldnʼt work. It wouldnʼt be worth the
GPOC The Prospector’s Quill Vol. 39 No.1

time, $ and effort they put into testing, design and manufacturing their products. Obviously, manufactures need to promote more studies in the field in order to test different materials for the small miner even if there are variables. As long as miners continue to purchase their product they donʼt have a lot of incentives to do this.

How to Build and Operate Sluice Boxes http://goldcountryoutfitters.com/sluice-1.htm Clarkson, Randy, Peer, Owen, “An Analyisis of Sluicebox Riffle Performance”, Prepared for the Klondike Placer Miners Association. March 1990. http://www.scribd.com/doc/58665960/Analysis-Sluice Clarkson, Randy, “Placer Gold Recovery Research, Final Summary” Prepared for the Klondike Placer Minerʼs Association, 1990. http://www.scribd.com/doc/ 61880538/18/GOLD-RECOVERY-MECHANISM Gravity Concentration h t t p : / / o n l i n e l i b r a r y. w i l e y. c o m / d o i / 10.1002/14356007.b02_21/full Improving the simple sluice box   Stewart, D.F., Ramsay, P.W., International Journal of Mineral Processing, Volume 39, Issues 1-2, August 1993, Pages 119-136. Optimal design of sluice-boxes for fine gold recovery  Original Research Article Subasinghe, G.K.N.S., Minerals Engineering, Volume 6, Issue 11, November 1993, Pages 1155-1165. Poling, G.W. Hamilton, J.F. “Pilot Scale Study of: Fine Gold Recovery of Selected Sluicebox Configerations”. University of British Columbia. http://www.scribd.com/ doc/76084752/Fine-Gold-Recovery-Sluice-Boxes Sluice Bench Testing Phase I. http://www. 49ermike.com/dc/dcboard.php? az=show_topic&forum=181&topic_id=62871&sub_topi c_id=62872&mesg_id=&page=#62876

WE ARE ELECTRONIC at www.gpoc.com

Resources

Overall, a commercially made sluice will give you a lot of bang for your buck. Unless you love to tinker, have the construction ability and equipment for making a sluice, you may find that it is not worth your time and effort to make your own. Instead, I would recommend a commercially made sluice that you can inexpensively and easily modify to your specific needs after using and testing it in the field.

10

The Sluice

by Lin Smith
Receiving End (entrance) fine gold recovery will significantly improve if you pre-classify the material and the material is wet before being added. Before adding any material run water thru the sluice to remove any gold-grabbing bubbles. Flat bottom: If the bottom is convex or concave different channels will develop allowing the material to migrate into them enabling your gold to escape. You want the bottom to be as flat as possible. Your fine gold recovery will increase with a uniform velocity and volume of water which uses all the surfaces you have created in your sluice. Flare aides in water control. The less the water volume and velocity the more critical preclassification of material becomes. Fine gold recovery will increase. Slick Plates allow more travel time for the gold and black sand to “drop” out allowing stratification of the heavies from the light material.  The slick plate allows the material to become saturated with water and then slowly washes it down into the sluice box before it can pick up too much speed. Sluice boxes with this feature often have better fine gold recovery since there is less likelihood of large clumps of dirt or clay and air bubbles catching and stealing gold. Ideally it should be 16+” long for an 8” width sluice, to allow for proper stratifiation and should inscrease in length with increasing width. Feeding needs to be at a uniform rate and even distribution across the sluice, donʼt just dump shovel fulls in. Classify-uniform-even Ribbed matting aides in capture and visibility of gold. Black background gives better visibility of gold and you can capture it with your succor bottle. Unlike Nomad (miners moss) or carpet, doesn't load up with anything but the heavies. It can make a good seal under the riffles. It's easy to clean, it's waterproof, the fine gold doesn't get lost in carpet fibers and you don't have to run ribbed matting under it. Clean well before using to remove manufacturing solvents. Hinged Riffle bars can make it easier to clean, but the added height of mattings may place too much pressure on this hinge. This is an area where you can get creative. Minerʼs moss or carpet retains fine gold. You might add some ribbed rubber matting under the miners moss, as you would be suprised sometimes how much of your heavies slide down under the miners moss. Many try different products that are less expensive. You get what you pay for. Riffle bars create a vortex. Riffles are the most common method of creating pockets on the bottom of the sluice. These pockets are zones of reduced energy where minerals may settle, and are designed to retain the gold once captured. They may be designed from a multitude of materials, layers and shapes, all varied due to individual preferences and perhaps even some superstition.With 90° riffles make sure the angle is aiming in the direction of the flow. Make sure they are tight underneath so that the water doesnʼt create a flow that looses your gold. You can shine a flashlight under them to make sure there is no space under them. The Pop and Son sluice doesnʼt have riffles and has been proven to be a good design for capturing fine gold. Expanded metal mesh aides in retention of gold. It acts as a classifier and a sort of low profile set of riffles. It's often used over the top of moss to carry off the larger material and allowing the fines to drop down. Removable for ease of clean-up. The Clakerson Study recommends expanded metal. It does the same thing as larger riffles but catches smaller pieces and offers a much larger overall surface area in which to catch gold. It is also used to hold down the moss on the floor of the sluice. It tends to optimize scour across the entire sluice, gives many pockets for concentration, and prevents rocks from settling into the carpet which will cause eddy currents and scour that will strip gold out of its hiding spots. Needs to be two-dimensional and not flat. Locking the riffle bars in the box in such a way that it stops migration of fine gold along the bottom under the moss. Also fastens riffle bars so there is no space under them. The problem with miners moss in stream sluices is that many stream sluices are not designed to have something that thick under the riffle set. If you purchase a sluice this is one area where you can do modifications, as the addition of matting and expanded metal will raise the height of your riffles making it difficult to clamp down and you will need to enlarge the holes. This added height may also affect the height of your riffles and their performance. If building your own sluice you may want to take into consideration the different types of matting, expanded metal etc. you will be using that will add height and plan your riffle set to accommodate this extra height. Keep the wing nut or any fastener parallel with the water flow to prevent additional ripples in the water that "can" disturb your concentrating efforts. You should mount any fasteners on the outside of the sluice so they will not inhibit water flow and velocity and the concentration of gold. Discharge End Your tailing pile will build up here. You need to sample your tailings from different areas to see if you are loosing any gold. Every shovel full of material will have its gold distributed differently, and if you are loosing gold it could show up anywhere in the pile. This is why prospectorʼs find it lucrative to mine otherʼs tailing piles because they failed to sample it appropriately. You could also place a catch basin under the sluice to catch your tailings. If the metal you used is too thin causing your sluice to twist you can try running a strip of 3/4” metal along the length of the top of each side and attach it with pop rivets.

Water Flow

GPOC The Prospector’s Quill Vol. 39 No.1

WE ARE ELECTRONIC at www.gpoc.com

11

SLUICE BOX PLANS ON THE INTERNET GOLD SAVING DEVICES YOU CAN MAKE by Lin Astro Bouncer Sluice http://forum.treasurenet.com/index.php? This is one industrious prospector. Browse the topic=357570.0 numerous pictures he has posted for ideas. Australian Desert Sluice http://golddetecting.4umer.net/t5359-australiandesert-sluice-the-old-blokes-would-haveloved-this This aluminum and stainless machine collects the gold fines 98% in the miners mat. It sorts the dirt into lumps at back in a bucket underneath, and fines run through the sluice Simple instructions using a 5-gallon bucket, with only 1 picture. Perfect for finicky machines that require a slow & steady flow of concentrate. Instructions by Greg Ouzounian with a good explanation of dimensions and a diagram included.

Auto Feeder for a sluice

Backpack Sluice

http://miningold.com/bpslu.html Backpack Sluice.pdf http:gpex.ca/pdfs/backpack sluice.pdf http://www.ilotresor.com/orpaillage/ orpail_sluice2.html

Backpack Sluice by Greg Ouzounian

Donʼt be intimidated by the foreign language at the beginning. These directions are in English. This might be heavy.

Backpack Sluice from Found http://www.instructables.com/id/GoldMaterials Prospecting-Backpack-sluice-from-found-mate/ Beach sluice Black Sand Finish Sluice http://gpex.ca/smf/index.php?topic=5723.0 http://gpex.ca/smf/index.php?topic=3361.0

Wooden. You tube video and discussion Caution needs to be the order of business for any old timers that have a pacemaker! Coloradoʼs fine gold can be trapped between magnetic black sand particles and you could throw out your gold if not careful. Recirculating water system in areas where water is scarce. Video. A Sluice Box built from scratch on a stream that only runs a few days during the year. Plans and explanation of how to build the sluice available on extended DVD version which you must purchase. Wooden. 8+ minute video

Bob Oswin Mini Sluice http://miningold.com/fineslu.html Grizzlyʼs Gold Grabber Bucket Sluice Concentrator http://gpex.ca/smf/index.php?topic=6629.0 Build & Use a Sluice Box http://www.prospectingchannel.com/ SLUICEBOX.html

Build Your Own Sluice Box video

http://www.soundsofnepal.com/videos/video/ gO7H0Q1RoLc/Build-your-own-sluice-boxavi.html http://www.miningequipments.net/knowledge/ 129.html http://www.miningequipments.net/knowledge/ 130.html http://www.mdpub.com/2ndsluice/index.html

Build Your Own Dredge Sluice box

There are not any pictures or plans, only directions.

Building a Recirculating Sluice Box

Building a sluice Box Video http://www.soundsofnepal.com/videos/video/ yxfTT-jGCWw/Building-a-Sluice-Box.html California Sluice Support/ handle modification Classifier for a Keene A52 http://gpex.ca/smf/index.php? topic=7479.msg50639#msg50639 http://www.huntingforgold.net/viewtopic.php? f=14&t=3131 http://forum.treasurenet.com/index.php/topic, 335107.0.html

An easy modification to any sluice box to turn it into a recirculating system. Drawings, pictures and a You Tube video. Another wooden sluice video. 8+ minutes.

Classifier for Keene A52

Cleanup Sluice Modifications http://bedrockorbust.blogspot.com/2009/07/52cleanup-sluice-mods.html

Cleanup Sluice plans

http://prospecting.atspace.com/small-cleanupsluice1.html

A simple handle and support brackets are constructed for a California sluice. In order to log-in you must be registered. Registering takes only a few moments but gives you increased capabilities on this forum. Made out of wood this appears to be very heavy. Maybe some modifications in materials will make it more portable. A different material on the slick plate. Great close-ups. Felt comes in different fibers both wool and synthetic. If you plan on burning the felt, make sure it is of natural fibers. Another micro sluice in the making. This project started because of a need for speed when setting up to run small amounts of concentrates. Recirculating.

GPOC The Prospector’s Quill Vol. 39 No.1

WE ARE ELECTRONIC at www.gpoc.com

12

Cleanup Sluice Update

http://prospecting.atspace.com/ cleanupsluicenew.html The Roughing Table

A revision of the above plans. Good pictures.

Cleanup Sluice G.W. Weishaupt

Dave Conways Modified Sluice

The roughing table is designed to eliminate the problem of not being able to have a true, level and straight www.goldcountryoutfitters.com/Cleanupsurface. Excellent plans with pictures, it doesnʼt get any Sluice.pdf better than this! Sometimes when you have a lot of concentrates to run this ʻRoughing Tableʼ which is a very aggressive Miller table should help. This is another G.W. Weishaupt and the name says it all. http://www.49ermike.com/dc/dcboard.php? Metal fabrication and magnets are involved. Good az=show_topic&forum=181&topic_id=55965&me pictures and discussion. sg_id=55965&page= http://www.ehow.com/how_6820259_diysluice.html http://nevada-outback-gems.com/design_plans/ DIY_hand_sluice/hand_sluice.htm Wood and berber carpet are used. E-how articles are short. Another great page from Nevada Outback Gems. Instructions and pictures are included, but no plans or diagrams. Look through the other pages for great information. Great discussion and color photos for instructions on Treasurer Net a work in progress. Be sure to scroll to the bottom to see updates. Wooden design with unique approach to drop riffles Easy and cost effective wooden sluice continues with updated information. Search Treasure Net Forum for more ideas. Bazooka trap sluice adaption out of wood.

DIY Sluice

Do It Yourself, Homemade Gold Sluice Box Nevada Outback Gems Drop Riffle sluice

http://forum.treasurenet.com/index.php? topic=323849.0

Drop Riffle Sluice Updated

http://forum.treasurenet.com/index.php? topic=323849.new http://gpex.ca/smf/index.php?topic=5434.0 http://gpex.ca/smf/index.php?topic=5518.0

Drop Riffle Sluice 1 Drop Riffle Sluice 2

Drop Trap Sluice

Easy Build

This is the same post as above with a You tube video and discussion about changes made after testing. (Drop Riffle Sluice Updated) http://gpex.ca/smf/index.php?topic=5339.0 Discussion with nice photos of Bazooka trap type sluice. Wood and PVC pipe are used. Numerous You Tube photos. http://www.thunting.com/smf/prospecting_talk/ These directions are on a forum. You might have to join recover_more_gold_with_this_easy_to_build_low to gain total access. Register Now - Its FREE & _cost_sluice-t7154.0.html EASY. http://www.nqminersden.com/el-dorado.htm This kit is $145 + shipping. Is it a good design? That is up to you. Modular construction, light durable plastic, advanced riffle design, no carpet required, easy cleanup. You can also purchase individual components. Review plastic cons in January 2012 Quill On this web site they will design and construct a custom sluice for you up to 48" long and whatever width you want, just let us know and they will get you a price quote. Nice pictures on making wood legs for a finishing sluice (for all ye pirates out thar!)

El Dorado Sluice Box Kit

Fabrication Specialist

http://fabspecialists.com/Sluice_Boxes.php

Finishing sluice Legs

http://www.goldprospectors.org/forum/ forum_posts.asp?TID=13849&title=finishingsluice-legs http://www.akmining.com/forums/ showthread.php/195-Sluice-Box-Design/page3

Flared Sluice

Discussion on effectiveness of a flared sluice, with good color pictures.

Fluid Bed Hand Sluice

http://49ermike.com/dc/dcboard.php? This is a good discussion and if you scroll down the az=show_topic&forum=181&topic_id=83765&sub page you will see some great pictures of this simple _topic_id=83786&mesg_id=&page=#83787 design. The key is to have a pressure gauge on the feed line to the bed. That way you can set the feed PSI to the optimum, after testing.

GPOC The Prospector’s Quill Vol. 39 No.1

WE ARE ELECTRONIC at www.gpoc.com

13

Folding Sluice Gerald Brooks

http://miningold.com/absslu.html http://themightyprospector.bravehost.com/ plans.html

Gold Dredge Sluice

Gold Dredge Sluice Box

http://golddredger.com/cgi-bin/dcforum/ dcboard.cgi? az=read_count&om=106&forum=DCForumID9&v iewmode=threaded http://www.ehow.com/how_5871570_build-gold- Not much detail as this is an e-how article. dredge-sluice-box.html? ref=Track2&utm_source=ask http://prospecting.atspace.com/gold-galsluice.html

The pictures have the cut list, materials and everything else narrated on it. Watch Ebay for ABS Plastic. Every now and then companies sell out their "scrap" lots of plastic. Buy an acrylic cutter, some aluminum angle pieces and get creative. Second website is the best. Creative design with different sections and magnets with no riffle bars.

Gold Gal Recirculating Sluice

Contains pictures of set-up and a schematic diagram for the pump controller that helps adjust the flow of water. Gold mining in Georgia with sluice box, how to make one and use it.

Gold Mining with Homemade http://www.soundsofnepal.com/videos/video/ Sluice Box Video m_MZvrwzVkM/Gold-Mining-with-Home-MadeSluice-Box.html Gold Trap sluice

http://www.ehow.com/how_7731652_make-gold- Short article. Made of wood. trap-sluice.html http://forum.treasurenet.com/index.php/topic, 379582.0.html Forum discussion. Some good close up pictures. Pictures side by side to compare with Bozooka. Boy can you admire and appreciate when builders take pictures! They use a fluidized bed principle to keep the material in the trap liquidized. http://gpex.ca/smf/index.php?topic=26.0 Diagram with dimensions in mm that you will need to convert to inches-feet. Not too much information. http://www.bing.com/images/search?q=How+To This is a diagram only. You will need to figure out +Make+Sluice dimensions and parts list. Here is a vague design for a +Box&view=detail&id=85C4CBBA58C5F57A778 fine gold recovery unit. Just use a little imagination and 9503EF755ADBD6AB5E3D3&first=0&FORM=ID you'll figure out how to build one of you own. Links to FRIR other plans also. http://www.oocities.org/wyo_gold/ build_sluice.html Online picture Tutorial how to build a poop tube 'henry henry' sluice box. Non-perforated plastic sewer pipe furnishes the basis of this design. http://slapsem.com/gold-prospecting/how-to-set- Not any design plans but great information on setting up the-slope-on-a-sluice-box/ your sluice once you have made it. http://www.goldminingcommunity.com/videos/ id_20/title_Building-a-sluice/ Video. 9 minutes. This sluice box cost about a buck in screws and about 2 hours to build. It uses what I think is a Hungarian style of riffle. Made from a cedar log. It was placed in the river in order to swell slightly and help seal any cracks. Links to other projects available on this link. $2.95 from Lost Treasure. By Reggie Gould From page 22 of the January, 2007 issue of “Treasure Facts”. This Sluice Box is very simple in design and Mother Nature powers it. The cleanup is the best part of the design; you just remove the two Poop Tubes and shake the gold and black sand into a bucket. E-how short article.

Gold Trap Sluice

GPEX Sluice Box plans Grizzlyʼs Gold Nabber

Henry Henry

How to set the slope on a sluice How to Build a Sluice Box

How To Build a Portable Poop Tube Sluice Reggie Gould

http://www.losttreasure.com/content/products/ how-build-poop-tube-sluice-box? destination=node%2F10248

How To Build a Portable Sluice How to Build and Use a Sluice Box

http://www.ehow.com/how_5268837_buildportable-sluice.html http://www.prospectingchannel.com/ indexProgram.html

How To Build a Sluice Box

Prospecting channel Go on an Arizona Adventure in Prospecting as we use a sluice box built from scratch on a stream that only runs a few days during the year. http://www.prospectingchannel.com/ Plans and explanation of how to build the sluice SLUICEBOX.html available on extended DVD version. http://www.ehow.com/how_4798278_build-sluice- E-how short article. box.html E-how short article.

How to Convert a Sluice into http://www.ehow.com/how_7903451_converta power sluice sluice-box-power-sluice.html
GPOC The Prospector’s Quill Vol. 39 No.1

WE ARE ELECTRONIC at www.gpoc.com

14

How To Make a gold Sluice http://corrugatedpipe.over-blog.com/article-how- Corrugated pipe is used in this short explanation. Box to-make-a-gold-sluice-box-53093429.html How to make a sluice Box for http://www.minelabgpx5000review.com/make-a- This page shows you how to use easily sourced under $30 sluice-box/ materials for under $30.00, to make a sluice box for gold. Video. Scroll to bottom for other videos. Good http://www.mygoldpanning.com/freeplans.html idea on holder for pump. One of a kind plans with low cost and ease of building in mind. How To Make Your Own Sluice Box http://www.articledashboard.com/Article/How-To- Discussion with link to Nevada Outback Gems. Build-Your-Own-Homemade-Gold-Sluice-Box/ plans. 238894 http://www.lornet.com/prospector/articles/ sluice.htm http://prospecting.atspace.com/LeTrap-foldinghighbanker.html http://gpex.ca/smf/index.php?topic=3560.0 No

How to modify your sluice

Le Trap Sluice Folding Highbanker Level-Curved Ball Level

Gold Prospectors of the Rockies. If you have trouble with your sluice floating or being able to keep it where you want it in the stream, you may want to redesign it. It makes a great clean up device too! A lot of good pictures along with testing. Link to Dave McCraken cleanup with a Le Trap Sluice. Commercial product level for sluice set-up. Picture, but few directions.

Mini Riffle for cleanup sluice http://gpex.ca/smf/index.php? topic=7031.msg47708#msg47708 Mini-Sluice Bedrock Dreams Modern Sluice

http://goldbedrockgold.blogspot.com/2008/10/do- Bedrock Dreams. If you are not familiar with this blog – it-yourself-gold-recovery-systems.html try it out. There is a wealth of information available. "Placer Gold Mining Equipment" Ebook Available http://www.iowagold.com/HOWTOPAGES/ how_to_build_and__run_a_sluice.htm Good information on using a sluice, also. This is a good site to visit for information on mining.

Modified Homemade sluice http://cottonpatchgoldmine.com/forum/index.php? Different modifications are made to a home built sluice. topic=84.0 Seasoned prospectorʼs offer a variety of ideas. Wooden sides with aluminum bottom makes it easy to place bolts etc. on sides. Magnets http://forum.treasurenet.com/index.php/topic, Forum discussion about using different types of 282264.0.html magnets and their placement in a sluice. Magnetic Sluice
Build a magnetic sluice to separate out the black iron when http://www.ehow.com/how_4963269_buildprospecting for gold. Save your back by removing the iron at magnetic-sluice.html? ref=fuel&utm_source=yahoo&utm_medium=ssp& the site. Even though these directions say differently with Coloradoʼs fine flour gold we have all found it better to taken utm_campaign=yssp_art the concentrates home and process them.

Mini Sluice.pdf

http://gpex.ca/ Mini Sluice.pdf

A five gallon bucket helps with this recirculating system. This plan uses switchboard mat which carries a slight negative charge, which helps the gold particles drop. Bob Hamlett from Wellington New Zealand design. It is an old design but you might pick up an idea or two from this diagram.

Old Sluice Mighty Prospector

http://miningold.com/oldslu.html http://themightyprospector.bravehost.com/ plans.html

Pinched sluice

http://www.e-goldprospecting.com/html/ gold_pinched_sluice_box.html

Plastic Beach Sluice

http://gpex.ca/smf/index.php?topic=3822.0

Simple instructions, which are limited. A high capacity concentrator that will catch fine-grained gold is called the "pinched" sluice. It uses another concentrating approach to improve upon the sluice box. Using a 13-gallon plastic trash can this design is
designed to be used in streams where they run onto the beach. 

Plastic Drain Pipe Sluice You http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B-LfDaiI1I4 tube Video

What to do and not to do. Read thru comments for more ideas.

GPOC The Prospector’s Quill Vol. 39 No.1

WE ARE ELECTRONIC at www.gpoc.com

15

POP AND SON Sluice

http://gpex.ca/smf/index.php?topic=4159.0 Pop and Son design and operating guidelines: http://bb.bbboy.net/alaskagoldforum-viewthread? forum=2&thread=694&postnum=0&highlight= Sluice Bench Testing: http://www.49ermike.com/dc/dcboard.php? az=show_topic&forum=181&topic_id=62871&me sg_id=62871&listing_type=search Zookaʼs testing of P&S sluice: http://www.49ermike.com/dc/dcboard.php? az=show_topic&forum=181&topic_id=73286&me sg_id=73286&listing_type=search Different materials and experiences: http://www.49ermike.com/dc/dcboard.php? az=show_topic&forum=181&topic_id=73188&me sg_id=73188&listing_type=search Field testing in old mine adit: http://www.49ermike.com/dc/dcboard.php? az=show_topic&forum=181&topic_id=53901&me sg_id=53901&listing_type=search

Excellent discussion as well as tables and directions.

Pop and Son Sluice

Pop and Son Sluice

http://bb.bbboy.net/alaskagoldforum-viewthread? Very detailed pictures, directions and discussion. A lot forum=2&thread=694 of time and effort went into the development of this inexpensive gravity sluice for fine gold recovery, http://bb.bbboy.net/alaskagoldforum-viewforum? comprised of a series of different sizes of raised forum=2 expanded metal over Nomad minerʼs moss. This is a great forum to browse. http://gpex.ca/smf/index.php? Great discussion and pictures. Same information as on topic=4159.msg26783#msg26783 Alaska Gold Forum.

Portable finishing Sluice

http://www.patsnap.com/patents/view/ US5785182.html

This sluice is suitable for many uses including the cleanup of concentrates from panning and sluicing operations and for prospecting sampling. This is a patent, however there is a lot of information and drawings for you to study. Scroll thru Claims and description tabs to get information. Numerous plans with a variety of detail.

Portable sluice Box Portable Sluice Box Patent

http://www.angelfire.com/de/tour2/plans.html http://www.patentgenius.com/patent/ 4592833.html

Progressive Sluice Box

While this is a patent you can gain some information by the drawings. Try Google Patents and research sluice for even more ideas. http://www.google.com/patents www.mygoldpanning.com In order to receive the plans you must sign-up for their http://www.mygoldpanning.com/freeplans.html newsletter. Low cost build. Try the scribd link for the plans. Good description and a lot of photos. This sluice http://www.scribd.com/doc/49345599/Sluice-Box- is made from wood to cut down on costs. Gold-Mining Remember, a wooden sluice can be heavy, warp, crack and leak. http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=yU3LbVB0ImI&feature=related http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=KjWgcIle6bk&feature=player_embedded#! http://www.mdpub.com/sluice/index.html You tube video

Recirculating sluice box

Recirculating sluice box Mikeʼs

Adapting purchased unit to recirculating. Detailed instructions with lots of pictures. Wood is used. The http://www.soundsofnepal.com/videos/video/ PWM (Pulse Width Modulation) speed controller for the vgFH4KtGwTM/New-Recirculating-Sluice-Box-at- pump motor is a fairly simple circuit. Video mdpub-com.html
WE ARE ELECTRONIC at www.gpoc.com 16

GPOC The Prospector’s Quill Vol. 39 No.1

Recirculating sluice instructables River Sluice River Sluice Roll-up Portable sluice Box Video

http://www.instructables.com/id/A-recirculatingsluice-box-for-gold-prospecting/?ALLSTEPS http://the4wdzone.com/community/index.php? topic=2508.0 http://forum.treasurenet.com/index.php/topic, 327758.0.html http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TpgTiPmmtGE

This personal account of a wooden sluice has nice pictures and discussions. A lot of great pictures for you to follow. Homemade with lots of photos and input from several forum members. This 3 foot long sluice captures fine to coarse gold easily. www.mygoldpanning.com weighing less than one pound and being very compact and lightweight and portable. Scroll thru comments at the bottom for additional ideas. Gold Dredger.com forum. Interesting design and use of different materials. The catch section is 21"L run Tuff stuff

Slick Sluice

Sluice

Sluice Sluice 1

Sluice 2

http://golddredger.com/cgi-bin/dcforum/ dcboard.cgi? az=read_count&om=106&forum=DCForumID9&v Deep V grooved mat for a base. iewmode=threaded View PDF - Idaho Geological Survey Elementary Methods of Placer Mining. Pamphlet #35. First printing 1931. This PDF from Idaho will give you www.idahogeology.org/PDF/Pamphlets_(P)/ directions and diagrams on pages 11,12,13,14. Good P-35.pdf general information on placers as well as different equipment although old. http://forum.treasurenet.com/index.php? Made with wood there are a lot of obstructions inside topic=310884.0 the box that could interrupt classification. http://forum.treasurenet.com/index.php/topic, An interesting and different design with discussion 321739.0.html about the height of the sidewalls. This may give you some new design ideas. http://www.49ermike.com/dc/dcboard.php? Same sluice as above but with different discussion. az=show_topic&forum=181&topic_id=55965&me Instructions, pictures and discussion at 49er Mikes sg_id=55965&page= forum. This is an excellent forum for all different kinds of information! http://forum.treasurenet.com/index.php? topic=399146.0 http://forum.treasurenet.com/index.php? topic=414260.0 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fuejIDMgnrQ

Sluice Box Sluice Alternative

South Dakota Placer Mining www.sdgs.usd.edu/pubs/pdf/RI-015.pdf

A very good discussion on this forum with advice and pictures. This discussion gives you several ideas and a few good pictures with set-ups. This is what I call the Two Bucket Method it is easier & faster than gold panning! It is by far the most inexpensive and easiest means to capture and concentrate micron gold dust & larger from the earth, black sands, etc. Scroll to comments on You Tube Video for ideas. Starting on page 11, info on sluices. Good basic info on placers in South Dakota also. Scroll down the page for the diagram. Diagram only. Dimensions in mm.

Sluice Box Mighty Prospector Bob Hamlett. Sluice Box

http://themightyprospector.bravehost.com/ plans.html

Sluice Box Angel Fire Sluice Box By Bob Hamlet Several sluice box designs Bill Wescott Sluice Box Easy Leveler Sluice Box Part I Fabrication Sluice Box Part II Riffle Designs G.W. Weishaupt

http://webspace.webring.com/people/fw/wyogold/ Wooden sluice. These are kind of cheeky but can give sluicebox_st1.html you some ideas. This wooden box with riffles has a lot of pictures with directions. http://www.angelfire.com/de/tour2/plans.html Basic, but nice drawing in mm. http://miningold.com/nzslu.html http://miningold.com/slu.html http://gpex.ca/smf/index.php?topic=4898.0 Drawing and dimensions only in mm. Backpack, lightweight, sluice, and old sluice.

Keeping your sluice level is critical in the gold concentration process. Frame Fabrication One of the best instructions from Gold Country Outfitters web site that you will be able to find. This http://goldcountryoutfitters.com/sluice-1.htm prospector has put in numerous hours of research.

GPOC The Prospector’s Quill Vol. 39 No.1

WE ARE ELECTRONIC at www.gpoc.com

17

Sluice Box Part III Riffle Testing G.W. Weishaupt

One of the best instructions from Gold Country Outfitters web site. The primary objective of the Gold http://goldcountryoutfitters.com/sluice-1.htm Country Outfitters site is to distribute information and to provide resources and equipment for small independent miners Sluice Combo Plans http://www.billandlindaprospecting.com/ Great pictures and diagrams. It's basically a sluice Bill and Lindaʼs sluicecombo.html box with a grizzly at the upper end that shakes, classifies and breaks up the clods and clusters of rock / dirt to help release the gold. Sluice End Classifier http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uPsf2zg3T4k You Tube video very short with only video of unit. Sluice end heavies catcher attaches to end of sluice. About 60% of water and all heavies less than 1/8" go into base and out tube. Can also be fed directly into something like the Gold Cube, but gravity must be maintained. Sluice with Hungarian Riffles http://forum.treasurenet.com/index.php? There are a lot of nice pictures of close-ups of this topic=310884.0 project. Classifier built in. Short You Tube video of this unit in action. http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=6ELthVY2upc&feature=player_embedded Sluicing with my custom http://www.youtube.com/watch? Western NC, sluicing with my custom drop riffle sluice. made drop riffle sluice Video v=1yyMXOWNNf0&feature=player_embedded#! Can read more about the sluice here: forum.treasurenet.com It worked great, caught a couple pickers and lots of fine gold, as fine as 40 to 80 mesh. I http://forum.treasurenet.com/index.php/ am going to do away with the 2nd lower profile topic,323849.0.html inspection mat and put a couple riffles there, itʼs not needed. Small DIY Clean-up Sluice http://goldcountryoutfitters.com/clean-1.htm Super directions with detailed pictures and diagrams G.W. Weishaupt Building a small very effective cleanup sluice that I call a 'roughing-table' This sluice will handle an increase in water flow due to taller 8 Small Portable Sluice http://www.berms.com/Large%20gold inch side rails and in turn an increase in the rate of processing %20sluice.htm
of gold-bearing material.

A sluice-build-partIII.pdf

Snipe-Two man sluice by Mineral Prospector Three Stage Under Current Dredge Sluice Box

http://www.mineralprospector.com/build-sluicebox http://nevada-outback-gems.com/prospect/ Cal_dredge_trip/home_made_3_stage.htm

Discussion but no directions. Another great page from Nevada Outback Gems. Pictures and directions are included. Total cost=$83

Triple Sluice Troubleshooting http://www.marciesalaskaweb.com/webdesign/ by Trevor Alty triple_sluice_troubleshooting.htm

Two bucket Video

Alaska Gold forum. Modifications of the Keene 5" Triple with header box. More: http:// www.marciesalaskaweb.com/webdesign/ information_index.htm http://www.berms.com/TwoBucketMiniSluice.htm Mini sluice for fine gold recovery. http://goldprospectingequipment.org/blog/make- 9 minute video. Scroll to discussions at the bottom for your-sluice-box/ more ideas. http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=VC4W6x9VlBk&feature=related http://www.youtube.com/watch? Links to 28 videos on how to build a sluice box. v=_9xuRkAx8hU&feature=rellist&playnext=1&list =PL2B6E3180953330DC http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=gO7H0Q1RoLc&feature=related http://bedrockorbust.blogspot.com/2010/02/ warm-fuzzy-sluice.html Sluice Combo Felt is used in the bottom, a takeoff of the old blanket sluices. This is an interesting take on a wooden sluice build with a boiling box. www.gpex.ca/pdfs/Sluice%20Combo.pdf Wet Willie Sluice Combo pdf. Click on sluice box for this old diagram, which is complete with different riffles.
18

Video

Video

Video

Warm and Fuzzy Sluice

Wet Willie William Fletcher Wood Sluice

http://www.twistedsticks.com/Gold/History.htm

GPOC The Prospector’s Quill Vol. 39 No.1

WE ARE ELECTRONIC at www.gpoc.com

THE PROSPECTOR’S QUILL Mailed
The Quill is available online only UNLESS you wish to receive it by mail. If you wish to receive The Prospector’s Quill in print your yearly subscription fee will be $15.00 for a mailed copy. Look at your mailing label and it will have when you need to renew your membership. Take the number of months left on your membership and multiply it by $1.25. That will be your cost for the rest of your CURRENT membership. DATE

Gold Panning & Prospecting For Fun

NAME

GPOC Meets the 2nd Wednesday of every Month at the Elk’s Club EMAIL 3400 N. Nevada MEMBERSHIP EXPIRES Colorado Springs, Colorado
STREET ADDRESS CITY, STATE, ZIP AMOUNT BASED ON MEMBERSHIP
MONTHS LEFT IN MEMBERSHIP YEAR

X

$1.25

=

FREE Gold Panning Tips 1,000 GPOC MEMBERS CONTACT OVER Informative! quill@gpoc.com Read our equipment reviews and Prospectors Blog. Allow for a 3/8” margin on all sides of your advertisement. Answers to your questions: Finding Gold, Metal Detecting, Payment must be received before placement. Send Dredging. advertisement with check to: GPOC Quill Editor, PO Box 1593, Visit 80901 Site changes weekly! CS, CO often!

Quill Advertising Rates

www.hookedongold.com Sizes are approximate

Deadline for placement 20th of the month

PAYMENT

CHECK AMOUNT

CHECK NUMBER

MAIL YOUR PAYMENT AND THIS FORM TO: MEMBERSHIP GPOC PO BOX 1593 COLORADO SPINGS, COLORADO 80901

Prices Per Issue Business Card Size $ 6.00 4” x 5” (1/4 page) $12.00 5” x 8” (half page) $24.00

GPOC OPPORTUNITIES for January 2012
January 11th January 28th General Membership Meeting 7:00 PM

Claims Committee Meeting Plan of Operations

If your Prospector’s Quill has a sticker which states it is the last one this means that you subscription has run out and you need to renew it by filling out the above form.

The GPOC would like to thank Copy Experts at 2423 North Academy, CS, CO for all of their help in printing the Quill

GOLD PROSPECTORS OF COLORADO PO BOX 1593 COLORADO SPRINGS, COLORADO 80901

GPOC The Prospector’s Quill Vol. 39 No.1

quill
WE ARE ELECTRONIC at www.gpoc.com

The Prospector’s

19

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful