Assignment on Role of Women in our Socity

Subject Sociology Submitted to Mrs. Iram Khan Submitted by
Waqar Akram Saba Javed Khuziama Pirzada BBA BBA BTF

3rd Semester


Beginning with Name of Allah Who is most Merciful & Beneficial.


Acknowledgements Forward Purpose of this Manual Abbreviations and Acronyms Introduction 5 7 8

01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

Role of Women In Today Society Pakistani Famous Women Role of Women in Defense Armed 9 Women as Pilots The Women Athletes 10


Women`s in Art & Entertainment 11 Women in Sports Politics & Activism Women Relation 2 Men`s Women & Education 13 11 12 13

Causes of Women Illiteracy in Pak 14 Pakistani women`s Scientist Women’s Rights Problems in the Modern World Problems of Pakistani Women 15 16 17 19


Contents 17 Women`s Practices 24 18 Responses to Violence Women`s Rights Government Policy Towards 30 Violence Against Women Strategies For Change Conclusion References 30 33 35 29 29 19 20 21 22 23 4 .

5 . Without their Patience. the completion of this work would not have been possible. understanding. Support and most of all Love. Who taught us that the best kind of knowledge to have is that which is learned for its own sake.Dedication We dedicated this report to our Parents.

I want to thank them for all their help. Tasman Pasha from the TIMES University Multan Pakistan whose help. support. Moreover. My former colleagues from the Department of B. interest and valuable hints. correcting both and offering suggestions for improvement.ACKNOWLEDGEMENT We would like to express our gratitude to all those who gave us the possibility to complete this report. looked closely at the final version of the report for English style and grammar.B. 6 . We are deeply indebted to Prof. stimulating suggestions and encouragement helped us in all the time of research for and writing of this report. Mr.A supported us in our research work.

They live in an atmosphere of fear. The status of women in Pakistan varies considerably across classes. Violence against women in many fields is often not conceived as a violation of human rights but rather as a normal aspect of lives of Pakistani people. So a lot of people would be quick to point out the troubles faced by women in Pakistan. and the rural/urban divide due to uneven socioeconomic development and the impact of tribal. and abuse are widespread. which is structured by strict religious. It is believed that women have no rights or privileges in the male dominated society of Pakistan. the case of women – like any social issue – becomes contentious and divisive. honor killings. 7 . Women in Pakistan are facing various forms of violence. acid attacks. All citizens are equal before law and are entitled to equal protection of law. The 8th of March is celebrated worldwide as recognition of the role of women in society. regions. Because of this fear and sense of being inferior. Pakistan's interpretation of Islam views women as needing protection that ultimately results in their oppression physically. Women's rights in Pakistan' is a big question often raised in the West. even rampant. The term woman is usually reserved for an adult. People blame a traditionalistic male-oriented society. discrimination.Introduction No society can succeed unless its womenfolk are at the forefront of its social limits and its struggle for progress A woman (/ˈwʊmən/). and their lives are guaranteed in exchange for obedience to social norms and traditions. pl: women (/ˈwɪmɨn/) is a female human. The most abusive forms of violence being faced by women take place in their homes. women are suffering immensely especially in their homes. They are subjected to discrimination and violence on a daily basis. Issues such as Women’s Rights and Women Empowerment receive a lot of attention (and appreciation) on this day. family and tribal customs. kidnappings. Pakistan is in a transitional state – a fancy way of saying that the country is facing a lot of turmoil. There shall be no discrimination on the basis of sex alone". and there are still those to blame women themselves for the state they are in. However. other people blame the state. mentally and emotionally. regardless of age. if one were to believe the stillminimal coverage given to women’s issues by Pakistan’s mainstream media TV channels and newspapers. with the term girl being the usual term for a female child or adolescent. Before discussing whether women have rights in Pakistani society or not. discrimination and inequality in almost every aspect of life. . But when it comes to Pakistan. the term woman is also sometimes used to identify a female human. first understand Pakistani society. International Women’s Day is celebrated every 8th of March to recognize the importance of women in our lives and in society in general. exploitation. Rapes. imposed by the traditional thoughts of a male dominated society. Women in Pakistan live in a world. as in phrases such as "Women's rights".

brothers and fathers run the show – when they try to make their own niche. on an average. Role of women in Today society Strange as it may seem. Women in Pakistan have a very. While girls and women (not only Polish) have more opportunities in home based employment. are facing a variety of problems caused by a variety of factors and remain unmitigated for a variety of reasons. poverty and religious extremism are also roadblocks in the way of Pakistani women becoming progressive and independent. But the reality is that ALL Pakistanis. Without Pakistani women. The male mind may force or overpower the female mind. Lack of education and economic opportunities for women restrict the potential of women to think about their due rights. they are silenced by admonishment. The Pakistani women of today enjoy a better status than most Muslim and Middle Eastern women. there are many more problems and even more embedded factors that detriment not only the presence. Women in Pakistan are highly connected with the honour of men. it might be difficult for women to get any sort of freedom from this atmosphere of fear. their achievements and examples. especially the educated ones. Unless the traditional thoughts regarding women as inferior. by force. very tough time. They are still the caring provider and nurturer of young infants and children. the comforter for the crying child and the feminine presence of the household. courage and motivation to put their foot down and stand for what is right. The women of Pakistan will have to go a long way before they are able to get their rights in Pakistan. or as personal property are changed. but you can never silence reason. shortcomings and opposition. Women are perhaps the most important part of any society. This is because women have the power to refuse that which is wrong. and some times. Pakistani might not have been the country that it is today. the family roles have not changed much in today's society. husband or brother. While the husband's role has diversified into more household chores and the cooking and cleaning up responsibilities. 8 . but the difference between right and wrong is not gender-segregated. the women's situation vis-à-vis men is one of systemic gender subordination although there have been attempts by the government and enlightened groups to elevate the status of women in Pakistani society. will crib about the maledominated patterns in our society and how husbands. and Pakistan’s reality is no different. Men normally control their movements and behaviour whether he is a father. but also the progress of women in Pakistan. and capitalist social formations on women's lives. However. Furthermore. the traditional roles of women are still quite evident. Pakistan cannot become a prosperous country in the world unless the half of the population consisting of women is given equal opportunities to take part in this process of development. they have the power.feudal. Despite all these limitations. women in Pakistan are the only constituency that – no matter how backward or downtrodden – know their responsibilities and actually fulfill them. Every Pakistani woman. they are still considered the head of the household. You can silence someone’s voice. women in Pakistan have made many strides. not just women. Despite the awareness and social mobilization activities carried out by Pakistan’s civil society to emancipate this most important segment of all societies.

both partners are needed.In the absence of the man. Therefore in the short term it may look okay but then the debts start piling up and the woman will be overwhelmed with it and then starts a course of painful self discovery. The other aspect of "thinking like the man" is a definite no. the woman cannot match the physical strength of the man. Man. objectivity and frugality. Then there is Anoushka. because of the presence of the man. There's a feel for action and reaction in terms of human response for a woman. Do-It-Yourself fixtures and fittings. Whereas. In this respect. I think for this matter. Men on the other hand. can the woman really "be like the man"? I think yes. a man balances up the woman and vice versa. what her friends and parents need. I think of the different physiological makeup of the man and the woman and that somehow. Yes. no matter how gifted or ungifted have a certain ability to say that he is THE man in the house. And she is more tempered to her feelings. Women generally look at the details and forget about the overall picture. the feelings will still over rule prudence. Jinnah's sister who stood by her brother when he was struggling for an independent Muslim state from the British India. They have the capability of juggling more than one issue at a time unlike the man. it will lead to a crisis. the situation is entirely different. In essence.Fatima Jinnah. And because of this. This is through experience. the woman spends on what she needs. are more focus and look at one thing at a time. the courageous journalist who braved the man dominated media in Pakistan and won Courage in the Journalism award. Matters of finance. This may not be currently evident but it will become an issue at a later stage. who became the first 9 . the focus is not there to make a sound judgment. we have a situation where the roles are different now. even being a capable single parent and bread winner. We can see this in the military but in a family. women will have to be like the man. Razia Bhatti. And for the wife to usurp his position there will be certain unrest in the overall relationship. This is the area a woman's ability outshines the man's. If we look at the example of a family with the wife who tries to be like the man. There are women who are capable in finance. of house hold purchases and bringing up children can take a toll on the mental strength of a woman. They are less prone to feelings and therefore they are better at seeing the overall picture. He spends on what he needs and only that. And no matter what the training is. Of course. For a single woman to think like the man is a cultivated trait and takes a bit of training. The man's contribution in objective input on logic and reason and the woman's influence on human relationships and needs thus help to promote strength together for the family. Thinking like a man here is not going to be balanced because a man doesn't see things a woman does. Pakistan Famous Woman There are many names to be honored . the man is not a big spender. what her children needs. Subtle hints are always there and if the wife chooses not to suspect or confront the situation. being single can offset certain weaknesses but when it comes to the family.

Roshaneh Zafar of the Kashf Foundation. and nothing shows this better than the performance of Pakistani women in the Armed Forces. Pakistan’s also had the Islamic world’s first female Prime Minister in the form of Benazir Bhutto. Dr. Sherry Rehman is also a leading light when it comes to Pakistani women who are struggling day and night to make Pakistan a better place for everyone – not just for Pakistani women. Sundas Hurain of the Students’ Action Committee. Instead of feeling helpless about themselves and hopeless about their future. Pakistani women are SSG commandoes as well as fighter pilots. and in some cases. Fehmida Mirza. safer and more prosperous future.had it not been the mournful earthquake of 8 October 2005 struck and she succumbed to the tragedy. the women of Pakistan are actively resolving today’s problems and propelling Pakistan towards a brighter. Women serve with the Rangers paramilitaries and also with the armored and transport divisions. Raheela would have been still with us . commitment and output. Shamaa Khalid. expeditionist and history maker . And finally Raheela Gul. research. another promising women is making headlines in filmmaking these days. At one time. women were only inducted as nurses in the Armed Forces. research and development. communications. Role Of Pakistani Women`s in Defense Armed Pakistani women are as brave and trustworthy as men are. women are part and parcel of almost every fighting arm in the land. Dr. a young women who was a trekker. Pakistan’s Speaker of the National Assembly is also a female. and many other women are on the frontlines of civil society activism. public sector advocacy and social mobilization for Pakistan. The top bureaucratic post in Pakistan – that of the Principal Secretary to the Prime Minister – is occupied by a woman. of the 22nd Grade. one that is growing and broadening in terms of activity. who followed in Begum Ranaa Liaqat Ali Khan’s footsteps as the second female governor of a Pakistani province. Nargis Sethi. The civil society has a strong constituency of female activists.happily preparing for her Amazon Rainforest expedition. and even intelligence departments of the Armed Forces. Female technicians are working side-by-side with their male counterparts in signals. 10 . Beena Sarwar of Citizens For Democracy. Mehreen Jabbar. analysis and evaluation is incomplete without the input of female participants in the research design.women and Pakistani of course to have gone to the frozen Arctic region. logistics. air and sea components of the Armed Forces. Gilgit-Baltistan’s first governor was a woman. The scope of women working in Pakistan’s social sector and civil sector is very large. who was martyred by the evil forces of terrorism and extremism in 2007. Today.

Pakistani women are at the forefront of this daily battle that wages in every Pakistani household. but also for the family’s prosperity and progress. Mariam Halil and Saira Batool (above centre) were among 36 aviation cadets who received their wings after three and a half years of intensive training. It was like making history in Pakistan.000 hours' experience flying as a co-pilot with Pakistan International Airlines. Now the women have gone a step further. The Women 11 . when four women pilots formally joined Pakistan Air Force on 30 March 2006. now aims to captain larger jet airliners for the national carrier. they realize the importance of women in the household as well as the workplace/economy. Women are making smarter decisions about marriage and starting families.making crew till it landed at Lahore airport and the crew was garlanded by the local PIA staff for their land mark achievement. PIA has some 548 and 6 female pilots and Miss Shukriya Khanum was the first female pilot of PIA. 48. Pakistani women are independent and motivated. The passengers on board did not know of the First in Islamic Countries' History . and flight attendants Shazia Kauser and Tauseef Ashraf flew a Fokker Friendship F-27 Flight PK 632 from Islamabad to Multan via Lahore. already has 6. Women as Pilots Presence of women in the aviation has not a new phenomenon since there have been a number of women pilots in the national flag carrier PIA since long. and personal life at home with family. However.No longer are Pakistani women simple showpieces to educate and then present to prospective husbands as rishta’s. one of the women pilots remarked. Pakistani women are drawing a precarious but necessary balance between professional life at the workplace. "The four had shown the spirit and courage to rise above the ordinary and break new ground for others to emulate. who was awarded with the commercial pilot license (CPL) as back as 12 July 1959. Women understand the importance of education and awareness. an educated mother is the biggest blessing a child can have. Saba Khan. and an aware mother is not only crucially important for the family’s health and well-being. The team captained by Miss Ayesha Rabia (below left). Captain Ayesha Rabia Naveed. the chief guest on the passing out ceremony at the PAF Academy Risalpur said. co-pilot Sadia Aziz. "I want to fly fighter jets and prove that girls can equally serve our country in the best possible manner as men are doing." When asked how they felt about being a fighter pilot. Due to the everpresent role of mothers in our society. Nadia Gul." Seen in photograph above (above right) are Bismah and Fatima packing their chutes after a successful para landing exercise near Risalpur. The then Vice-Chief of Army Staff General Ahsan Saleem Hayat. breaking into all-male bastion of Pakistan armed forces. the women pilots had generally been the co-pilots until 25 January 2006 when a completely female crewed Fokker of PIA operated from Islamabad to Lahore & Multan.

1997 against New Zealand in Christchurch.81 seconds. Faryal Gohar Zeba Bakhtiar and Samina Pirzada are acclaimed Pakistani actresses. Women`s in Arts & Entertainment Madam Noor Jehan was the melodious lady singer of the sub continent. they were met with court cases and even death threats. promoting modern trends and new. These professionals are helping Pakistan become one of the most culturally aware and attuned Muslim nations in the world – at considerable risk to them. Meesha Shafi and Princess Annie. The entertainment industry also has credible and wholesome representation from Pakistani women – from singers like Hadiqa Kiyani. The women cricket team of Pakistan. 12 . Recently Naseem Hameed (left). Meera and Veena Malik. Women’s In Sports Nazia Hassan was an iconic female Pakistani pop singer. Another female member of the Pakistan squad Sara Nasir also bagged a gold in karate. to actresses and showbiz starlets like Reema. later they were granted permission. Australia. Farida Khanum. there are many other female singers including Abida Parveen. Fauzia Minallah is the first and youngest woman political cartoonist to win the All Pakistan Newspaper Society award. she also became the first female athlete to win the race in Pakistan's sports history. Nigar Nazar is the first woman cartoonist in Pakistan and the Muslim World.12seconds ahead of Sri Lanka’s Pramila Priyadarshani. I might add. In Pakistan’s female athlete Shabana Akhtar won two gold medals for long jump in the 1993 and 1995 SAF Games. and Iman Ali – Pakistani women are actively representing the country and its soft image. the female member of Pakistani squad became the fastest women of South Asia in the 11th South Asian Federation (SAF) Games. Vaneeza Ahmad. The 22 years old clocked 11.The women athletes have shown their mettle in international sports events. Not only she became the fastest women of South Asia in the 11th South Asian Federation (SAF) Games. fusion-oriented fashions and cultural methods to Pakistan. Nay yara Noor. However. though in its infancy. is also showing promise in international matches and it would not be far when they too bring laurels for the country. and ruled that women were forbidden from playing sports in public. when sisters Shaiza and Sharmeen Khan first tried to introduce women's cricket in Pakistan. She is also the winner of Ron Kovic Peace prize In 1996. becoming the second woman to ever represent Pakistan in an Olympic event. The government refused them permission to play India in 1997. Iqbal Bano and Tahira Syed. Shazia Hidayat was the only female athlete on the Pakistan team competing at the 2000 Olympics in Sydney. and the Pakistani women's cricket team played its first recorded match on January 28. 0. even to models like Iraj Manzoor. and clinched the gold for her country in the women event of 100 meter race. innovative.

the presence of women in the political parties as well as in the political structure at the local. Dr. as a candidate of the Combined Opposition Party. . prominent human rights lawyers and founders of the first all women law firm in Pakistan. AGHS. Asma Jahingir and Hina Jillani. a woman's organisation. sister of Mohammed Ali Jinnah. Other prominent female Pakistani politicians include Begum Nasim Wali Khan. was an instrumental figure in the Pakistan movement. Women`s Relation To Men “. In 1947. human rights activists and authors. w hich later formed the nucleus for the All Pakistan Women's Association (APWA). provincial. 1897-1971) “If a woman grows weary and at last dies from childbearing. she gained widespread popularity for the remarkable feat. . women's rights activist. Sherry Rehman and Tehmina Daultana. She was the first Muslim woman to contest the presidency in 1965. Hina Rabbani Khar became the first Minister of Foreign Affairs of Pakistan in 2011.” (John Langdon-Davies. when children cease to be altogether desirable. she formed the Women's Relief Committee. Raja Farzana.Sidra Sadaf. one of the oldest women's organisation in the country.Fehmida Mirza is the first female speaker of the National Assembly of Pakistan. Bangladesh in January 2010. it matters not. a woman cyclist won a silver medal at the 11th South Asian Games in Dhaka. she is there to do it. Let her only die from bearing. Naseem Hameed became the fastest woman sprinter in South Asia following the 2010 South Asian games. Syeda Abida Hussain. associated with Shirkat Gah. Farida Shaheed and Khawar Mumtaz.” (Martin Luther) 13 . Miss Fatima Jinnah. and national levels remains insignificant due to cultural and structural barriers. co-founder of Aurat (women's) Foundation. Politics & Activism Although the participation of women in politics is increasing. Nigar Ahmad. women cease to be altogether necessary. Mukhtaran Mai a victim of gang rape has become a prominent activist for women's rights in Pakistan.

because women have not the degree of light and knowledge that their husbands have. Pakistan inherited it from the history. 263) “In the most intelligent races. Schopenhaur.Niswan”.Such attitude of discrimination is not new in the educational system of Pakistan. a priest. Moulvi Mumtaz Ali Khan researched and wrote a book named “Huqook-e. after fecundation. At that time books like “Bahishti Zaiwar”. but their mutual dependence is not the same. The men depend on the women only on account of their desires. if she is old. actually a danger to the business of breeding. .“ just as the female ant.” (LeBon. . In upbringing process. console them. and make life sweet and agreeable to them--these are the duties of a woman at all times and what should be taught them from infancy. 1879) “It is much more difficult for wives to learn than it is for husbands. immediately attaches herself to some man. .” (A. by whom she allows herself to be guided and ruled: It is because she needs a lord and master. . 1860) “That woman is by nature meant to obey may be seen by the fact that every woman who is placed in the unnatural position of complete independence. to care for them when grown. probably indeed. a woman generally loses her beauty. so after giving birth to one or two children. which are then superfluous.” (Rousseau. there are a large number of women whose brains are closer in size to those of gorillas than to the most developed male brains. Of Women. Sir 14 . a founder of social psychology. The ratio of primary schools for girls and boys is 4 and 10 respectively. Emile. Thus an educated mother will lay the foundation of healthy civilized family. it will be a lover. to be useful to them. “Miratul Uroos” popped up to identify the limits for the women. loses her wings. Thus the whole education of women ought to be relative to men. civilized man. The constitution of Pakistan provides full participation of women in all spheres of life constituting more than 50% of the total population. to educate them when young. . to counsel them.” Women & Education “Woman and man were made for each other. parents have a major participation in which mother offers an ample share. nay. The object of these books was the negation of awareness to women and their confinement to the family only. .” Man is composed of two basic elements i. to make themselves loved and honored by them. If she is young. To please them. but the literacy rate in females is just 36% as compared to men that is 64%. After 1857 when Sir Syed came on the surface with the slogan of educational improvement of the muslims but the women were ignored. [W]omen represent the most inferior forms of human evolution and they are closer to children and savages than to an adult. for similar reasons. the women on the men both on account of their desires and their necessities: we could subsist better without them than they without us.e nature and nurture. So we can say that the entire personality of a person is an outcome of his mother’s training.

There is also a sharp division between female oriented work and male oriented work. while the girls will be given embroidery or sewing skills. Lastly. Despite. for this reason most of the parents prefer to give them religious education. A family having more number of children and less income will prefer to educate the boys of the family. Thirdly. In Multan the plan of separate women university and women medical college was announced yet these plans have not seen the light of the day. the social setup is a male dominated one. That’s why Taliban are blasting and attacking the girl’s schools in Swat and Northern areas of Pakistan. male’s donot allow their sisters or daughters to goto schools or universities. Moulvi Mumtaz published his book which faced stiff resistance from the literate male class of the Muslims. Girls have to travel a long distance to reach the schools or colleges. “It is the prime duty of men and women to acquire education”. Additionally. we have observed that traditionally. women are considered as the asset of males of the family. some families do not like their daughters to study in co-education institutes thus depriving them of higher education. However. the Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) strongly emphasized on education by saying that. there is also a misconception that females merely have to manage a home after being married where as males have to earn so education matters only for males but not for females. Females are not allowed to work in all spheres of life therefore their education is not considered valuable. Religiously. Fourthly. every government talks about the importance of female education but none of them has given attention to it. 15 . Secondly.Syed advised him not to publish the book. This sometimes seems difficult to them. Causes of Women Illiteracy in Pakistan The first cause of women illiteracy is the increase in population. people are of the view that Islam does not permit a women or girls to step beyond the limits of house. Fifthly. So these males are responsible for taking decisions of their lives. In most cases. which is playing a negative role in this deprivation of female education. Sir Syed was of view that modern education could bring instability in the lives of women and ignorance of their right would make them contented. the number of schools and colleges for females are very less. Modern education can make her a party girl instead of making her a house wife. Girls cannot move freely thus any male of the family has to take responsibility of her care.

received OWSD award 2011 for Young Women Scientists for her outstanding achievements in Chemistry. Latin America and the Caribbean recognised for their research excellence. Asia. I will give you the best nation. in Kuala Lumpur from September 29-30. Dr Shaheen earned her Ph. Iqbal Choudhary.E. Last but not the least. M. A. degree in chemistry from the H. UK) in the field of combinatorial chemistry through the award of UNESCO Fellowship for Young Women in Life Sciences in 2005. Islam does not restrict education to females. Lam (UC-Davis.J. Shaheen. “Give me the best mothers. Assistant Professor at H. Research Institute of Chemistry. has been recognised by The Elsevier Foundation. Kit S. said that these women scientists were awarded OWSD prizes at a special ceremony held during the International Symposium on Women in Science and Engineering (WISE 2011) hosted by the Ministry of Science. University of Karachi. Research Institute of Chemistry under the supervision of Director ICCBS Prof.” Pakistani women scientist: Karachi: Dr Farzana Shaheen. Ganesan (University of Southampton.Media brought awareness to the people thus bringing female fighter pilots in PAF and projecting women in every sphere of life. Napoleon once said about the role of mothers in building process of a nation that. Dr. The need is to interpret it in its real essence. Third World Academy of Sciences (TWAS) and the Organization for Women in Science for the Developing World (OWSD) for research excellence. Technology and Innovation. Malaysia. no society can progress by restricting more than half of its population in the abyss of ignorance and a maze of undue limits. a Pakistani woman scientist. She is among the eleven women from the Middle East.000 US dollars. USA) under J.D. She did her first postdoctoral studies with Prof. Women`s Rights 16 . Each winner received a cash prize of 5. William Fulbright Scholar Program 2008-2009. and Institute Kimia. Dr. An official of the International Centre for Chemical and Biological Sciences (ICCBS). Islam is a flexible religion and it allows equal opportunities of education to both sexes.J.E. Karachi University (KU). She learned the advanced techniques of combinatorial chemistry from Prof.

at least in the elementary and fundamental stages Elementary education shall be compulsory. nationality or religion.Abused victims of rape. .Men and women of full age. .Everyone. during marriage and at its dissolution. to just and favourable conditions of work and to protection against unemployment. .Everyone has the right freely to participate in the cultural life of the community. in the 21st Century It is important to note: The Universal Declaration of Human Rights .Everyone who works has the right to just and favourable remuneration ensuring for himself and his family an existence worthy of human dignity. and supplemented.Abuse violence and discrimination against women are widely tolerated and systematic.Many governments turn a blind eye towards the increasing problems with the discrimination and violence against women . They are entitled to equal rights as to marriage. 2) Freedom from Fear 4) Freedom from Torture 6) Freedom from Problems in the Modern World .All humans are born free and equal in dignity and rights . .The issues with women’s rights are still being ignored and remain as a ‘social epidemic’. without any limitation due to race.Everyone has the right to work. if necessary. unfair treatments in the workplace. has the right to equal pay for equal work. without any discrimination.Everyone has the right to education. Education shall be free. have the right to marry and to found a family. . to free choice of employment. to enjoy the arts and to share in scientific advancement and its benefits.? Yes. Marriage shall be entered into only with the free and full consent of the intending spouses.Women in the 21st Century are thought to have: 1) Freedom of Speech 3) Freedom to Vote 5) Freedom of Choice enslavement 7) Freedom of Religion Unfortunately Many women are still stripped of their BASIC rights…….. . . have got no one to turn to 17 . . Technical and professional education shall be made generally available and higher education shall be equally accessible to all on the basis of merit. domestic violence etc. by other means of social protection..Everyone has the right to own property alone as well as in association with others.

In the US. women are constantly being sold and trafficked into prostitution where governments are not doing enough to protect the rights of women . Women are not allowed to study at universities and can be arrested for not wearing the correct clothing in countries such as Iran.g.In Ukraine and Mexico. 18 . men are beating women at alarming rates – yet government officials refuse to interfere and punish batterers . Burma and Nigeria. students attack girls who are homosexuals. Morocco and Saudi Arabia. bisexuals or transgender . Many are infected with HIV/AIDS as a result . women are often denied employment simply because they are women .In Jordan.Women are attacked in areas of armed conflict e. Kuwait.In Pakistan. DR Congo and Rwanda.In Thailand.. women are rendered as being unequal in front of the law.

it is important to understand the definitions of violence and gender-based violence. "Violence is an act carried out with the intention of perceived intention of physically hurting another person" (p.Problems Of Pakistani Women • Gender-based violence Before analyzing the gender-based violence in Pakistan. according to a report of a non-governmental organisation working against sexual harrasement. Skepticism and biased attitudes against women's complaints of violence are common among prosecutors. When this violence comes in the circle of gender relations. • Sexual violence Rape is one of the most common crimes against women but grossly underreported due to the shame attached to the victim. Many cases of sexual harassment and acid attacks have also been reported. According to Report of the Commission of Inquiry for Women (1997). such complaints often face delayed/mishandled processing and inadequate/improper investigations. 70 percent of women in police stations were subjected to sexual and physical violence. • Average age of rape victims falls to 13 Karachi: Cases of child abuse have seen a tremendous rise in the city as the average age of rape survivors has fallen from 18 years in the preceding year to just 13 in 2011.5). Marital rape is not recognized as a criminal offense in Pakistani law. from the home to the workplace • Crimes against women The violence against women in Pakistan is a major problem. It can also be defined as the exercise of power in order to impose one’s will on a person or to have one’s will with a thing. 19 . it becomes a pervasive and prevalent problem worldwide. Feminists and women's groups in Pakistan have criticized the Pakistani government and its leaders for whitewashing the persecution of women and trying to suppress information about their plight in the international arena. Many cases of rape in police custody have also been reported. AAccording to Galles and Straus (1975). police officers and medico legal doctors in Pakistan. touching all aspects of women's lives. According to reports from 1990s.

The culprits are generally males. “Rape is one form of sexual violence and Pakistan has only one law for rape. who enjoy a position of trust and live in close proximity to the children. said a report prepared by various NGOs on Thursday.” said Sarah Zaman. 465 cases of sexual violence (varying categories) were pending in court from the previous years. From the cases WAR investigated. “If an FIR is registered then it has to be preceded by an MLE. Bangladesh. She also stressed the need to reform the existing laws on sexual harassment. According to Pakistan Thematic Group on Human Trafficking (PTGHT). only 38 cases resulted in conviction.252 cases of child sexual violence reported in the country. but every test conducted does not result in an FIR. She said that the difference between the first information reports (FIRs) and the medico-legal examinations (MLEs) conducted during the first half of 2011 was alarming. The judiciary should expand the definition of sexual violence so that incest and child molestation can also be included. with cases being reported of victims as young as three-years-old.” Sarah said that the reason behind this was that the police did not cooperate with victims and every case reported did not result in the registration of an FIR. Of the 2. and Abbasi Shaheed).“Neighbourhoods have become increasingly unsafe for children.” she said while explaining the disparity in the statistics. “While only 41 FIRs were registered. Director of the War Against Rape (WAR). KARACHI – The coastal belt from Karachi to Baluchistan is still a paradise for human traffickers as the route to Iran is being used for this illegal and heinous practice. the coastline between Karachi and Gwadar is often used for human trafficking for 20 . People belonging to poor and backward areas of Pakistan are among the cheapest laborers’ in the world and have been falling victims continuously to human trafficking. who often do not survive after being abused. Civil Hospital. 138 such cases were reported in three government hospitals (Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre. 68 percent of the families did not want to go to court. Human trafficking from Pakistan has gained momentum since the 1950s. 23 percent of the families had to leave their residence permanently because of the social taboo attached to them. Foreign women from Afghanistan. It was stated that official records showed that as of June 2011. and Myanmar are brought to Pakistan and sold.” • Trafficking Trafficking of women is on the rise in Pakistan. Of the 21 cases that WAR personally investigated in the city in 2011.

According to a 1999 report. Cyprus and Scandinavian countries. Spain. travel agents and passport’s issuing authorities. The group revealed that the three main frequent routes used by traffickers in Pakistan include Makran coast. The wife is typically doused with kerosene. The common destination countries include Gulf and Saudi Arabia and amongst Western Europe and the UK are the most favorites destinations followed by Italy. A 1987 study conducted by the Women's Division and another study by the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan in 1996 suggested that domestic violence takes place in approximately 80 percent of the households in the country.600 cases were actually reported). only two resulted in convictions. friends. accidents are engineered (such as the tampering of a kitchen stove to cause victim's death) or the victims are set ablaze. gasoline. However dowry abuse cases are low after 2001. of the sixty "bride-burning" cases that made it to the prosecution stage (though 1. Hong Kong and South Korea that are popular with semi-educated. • Domestic violence Domestic violence is not explicitly prohibited in Pakistani domestic law and most acts of domestic violence are encompassed by the Qisas and Diyat Ordinance. sexual violence or torture. corrupt officials. the public departments that can aid or abet this process may include immigration authorities. 21 . and set alight. private or family matter or. leading to death by fire. claimed to be yet another accident or suicide. The favourite destinations of traffickers remain South East Asian countries such as Malaysia. acid attacks and burning the victim alive. parents. an issue for civil courts. Pasni Gawadar and Jiwani are easy routes to get to the Gulf. Domestic violence occurs in forms of beatings. or other flammable liquid. adding. Ormara. family. relatives and the community are main factors involved in trafficking process. In some cases. the sea routes of Karachi. In addition. Thar and porous border with Afghanistan. Italy and Spain via ships. rather than criminal courts. The police and judges often tend to treat domestic violence as a non-justiciable. Illegal recruiting agents. • Dowry abuse Many cases of bride burning due to dowry issues have been reported in Pakistan. the group report said.Gulf States by road to the border of Iran from where they are picked up by gangs and transported to Greece. labourer class. mutilation. Greece.

Bangladesh. 80% of victims of these acid attacks are female and almost 40% are under 18 years of age.• Acid throwing Acid throwing (acid attack[62] or vitriolage) is a form of violent assault. burning them. I include links to a number of articles that talk about very concerning issues in Pakistan. These attacks are most common in Cambodia. Political parties are using protection money rackets. A number of situations we have reported on are in the port city of Karachi (of which a little more in a later article). 22 . who do not cover their faces risk being attacked. often exposing and sometimes dissolving the bones. Women in the Islamic Fundamentalist parts of Pakistan. Ambulance drivers are paid to carry 'dead bodies' and Kalashnikovs. And then the ambulances are fired upon (surprise) killing the (genuine) injured within them. The consequences of these attacks include blindness and permanent scarring of the face and body. These are almost always religiously motivated. Syed. we will do well to remember that wider social situation in Pakistan. 'spot checks' on civilians to determine areas and deduce their politics. 232 were killed in this manner. then they will be made 'too ugly' to be 'alluring to men'. However. The men’s theory is if the women won’t hide their supposidly 'alluring faces'. and violence against Christians generally. as the following article tells: In July alone.H. and damaging skin tissue. such as the northern reaches around the Swat Valley. Pakistan and other nearby countries. grenades and rocket launchers to the various factions. Perpetrators of these attacks throw acid at their victims (usually at their faces). and people live in a state of fear. leading to kidnap.] India. It has long been a city of ethnic strife. and often the dead are totally apolitical innocent victims in the crossfire. and 'political' shootings are common. The dead bodies get up and walk with the weapons when they reach the destination. According to Taru Bahl and M. Afghanistan. torture and death. • Wider social issues in Pakistan We have repeatedly reported on the kidnap and rape of Christian women.

This was not an aberration.000 children live on the streets. not the only minority who is suffering. burning. raped and murdered by police officers.Religious people also do not discourage violence against women although the Prophet of Islam strongly encouraged gentleness and kindness to women. an estimated 170. of course. the traders showed their attitude by violence. One aspect of Hindu women's plight is that the state does not have.Another report makes chilling reading .about homo and heterosexual abuse (and murder) and pimping of street children in Pakistan. unknowing. but the facts and experiences are revealing) reveals that 80% of Pakistani women suffer domestic abuse. feudal or urban. This is also being forced increasingly on British Pakistani girls. rather than the perpetrators. Christians are. usually associated with Africa. and the victims are blamed. Up to 90% are abused on the first night of being on the streets.Instead of negotiating a change in venue and letting the demonstration reach a peaceful end. but it is very disturbing In addition. Lahore and the police who teargassed them speaks volumes of the mindset which encourages violence against women in Pakistan. because she has no acceptable proof of marriage. The following link contains details. They go off on holiday. Another reason why it is so bad is Female Genital Mutilation. Rape is common. maiming and other forms of physical violence is considered a normal part of family life and where all members of society encourage this despiscable behaviour This attitude is encouraged by all sections of society whether rural. largely by the police. 23 . among certain groups. and 60% have been abused by the police. This is rampant in the Punjab where beating women. • Violence against nurses The violence perpetrated against the nurses in Punjab who were peacefully demonstrating for their demands by urban middle class traders of the Mall Road. and that Pakistan is ranks the 3rd worst country in the world to be a woman. Many children run away from home due to beatings.It is considered male to beat the wife and female progeny. and seems to be refusing to have. and it is increasing. We have reported in the past Christian boys (not on the street) who were kidnapped. but what most people don't know is that it is practiced in Pakistan too. For more. killing. official means of recognizing Hindu weddings. see Another article (I don't agree with all the attitudes of the writer. Thus a maltreated Hindu wife has no recourse in court. and come back mutilated and maimed for life. middle class .

The custom was criticised from within its community. • • She should be covered so that men cannot see her. between the community as a whole and the family which is its heart. A woman's withdrawal into Purdah restricts her personal. however. Purdah norms are followed in many communities of Pakistan. a British convert to Islam and translator of the Koran. In other words.Women`s Practices Purdah Purdah or pardeh (from Persian: ‫ . and rural or urban residence. just as it sharply separates society and the individual. It is permissible. According to one definition: Purdah is a curtain which makes sharp separation between the world of man and that of a woman. class. as follows: • She should be accompanied by a close male relative (mahram) if the distance to her destination is more than three days and three nights. between the street and the home. In 1925 Marmaduke Pickthall. social and economic activities outside her home. This is the distance covered by walking or on an animal with usual breaks for resting and eating. depending on family tradition. subject to certain conditions.  Criticism Criticism of purdah has occurred at various times. She should not mix with men who are not related to her. Scholars of Islamic law have explained this to be about 48 miles. by Bengali feminist Roquia Sakhawat Hussain. for example in the 1905 story entitled The Sultana's Dream. unless it is unavoidable. gave a lecture in Madras entitled "The Relation of the Sexes"[7] which condemned purdah in the 24 .پپپرده‬meaning "curtain") is the practice of concealing women from men. It is practiced in various ways. the public and the private. The usual purdah garment worn is a burqa or a niqāb to conceal the face. for a woman in Purdah to come out of her house in extreme necessity. region. The eyes may or may not be exposed. a woman in Purdah should always remain at home.

has caused traditions of child marriage to decrease in many areas.before marriageable age as defined by the commentator and often before puberty. If there is no sister to exchange in return for a son's spouse. It is frequently associated with arranged marriage. possibly. the inability of women to work for money and to women's shorter reproductive life period relative to men's. where the second couple is no longer married or living together at the time of the survey. not even born! There are also cases. or may be no longer. the reciprocal threats may not yet be. though very few. The young girls are forcibly married off in order to resolve the feuds between different clans. Oceania and South America: in former times it occurred also in Europe. operative. the Vani can be avoided if the clan of the girl agrees to pay money. historically. women are often forced into marriages arranged by their fathers or tribal leaders. or a distant relative can also do.Indian subcontinent. Asia. In particular. Watta satta Watta satta is a tribal custom in which brides are traded between two clans. Hadith sources state that Muhammad consummated his marriage with Aisha when she had reached the age of nine. and also criticized the practice of face veiling among Muslim women. Swara. otherwise. Vani is a child marriage custom followed in tribal areas and the Punjab province. In Chiras in Persia. a cousin. to other clans. called Deet. 25 . We define a Watta satta marriage as one in which both of the counterpart couples are currently married. In some cases only one marriage-partner is a child. if there is a sufficiently large age gap between the two couples involved in the Watta satta. (Sahih al-Bukhari. the second couple may not yet be married and. girls married before puberty Child marriage and child betrothal customs occur in various times and places. In order for you to marry off your son. you must also have a daughter to marry off in return. whether as women's rights or as children's rights. 7:62:64). An increase in the advocacy of human rights. Child marriage/ (Vani) Although the Child Marriages Restraint Act makes it illegal for girls under the age of 16 to be married. Today such customs are fairly widespread in parts of Africa. due to importance placed upon female virginity. instances of child marriages can be found. whereby children are given in matrimony . usually the female.[21][22] This was not seen as improper as individuals were considered mature at an earlier age than in the modern West:[23] in fact Aisha's youth was stressed by early commentators probably to underline her virginity. Pait likkhi and Addo Baddo are similar tribal and rural customs that often promote marriage of girls in their early teenage years. Even though Islamic law requires that both partners explicitly consent to marriage.

An Amnesty International report noted "the failure of the authorities to prevent these killings by investigating and punishing the perpetrators. Various other combinations occur as well. Professor Khan instead blames it on attitudes (across different classes. [26] As written in the Qur'an. but still much less prevalent than brothersister (15 percent of watts overall). ethnic and religious groups) that view women as property with no rights of their own as the motivation for honor killings. 17. the right to life. Many cases of honor killings have been reported against women who marry against their family's wishes.[25] The first and most basic right in the Qur'an that every Muslim is expected to follow is." Recent cases include that of three teenage girls who were buried alive after refusing arranged marriages. the Government passed a bill that made karo Kari punishable under the same penal provisions as murder. bought and sold. it shall be as though he had saved the lives of all mankind. Tahira Shaid Khan. who seek divorce or who have been raped. who accused her of carrying a child conceived out of wedlock.[25] Khan also argues that this view results in violence against women and their being turned “into a commodity which can be exchanged. honor killings have a high level of support in Pakistan's rural society. about 245 women and 137 men became victims of honor killings in the Sindh province of Pakistan. The second most popular Watta satta arrangement. is when at least one of the households contributes an uncle-niece pair. in fact.The vast majority of Watta satta marriages (94%) involve at least one brothersister pair. The practice of summary killing of a person suspected of an illicit liaison is known as karo Kari in Sindh and Baluchistan. but none is very common. In 2002 alone over 382 people. 57-year-old Gul Sher Solangi. Another case was that of Taslim Khatoon Solangi. That if anyone slays a human being – unless it be [in punishment] for murder or for spreading corruption on earth – it shall be as though he had slain all mankind. and most (68%) involve a brother-sister pair on both sides. despite widespread condemnation from human rights groups. if anyone saves a life. Statistically. In December 2004. of Hajna Shah Village in Khairpur district. 26 . notes that there is nothing in the Qur'an that permits or sanctions honor killings. which was widely reported after her father.” In Pakistan honor killings are known locally as karokari. a professor of women’s issues at Aga Khan University. Honor killings A majority of the victims of honor killings are women and the punishments meted out often tend to be lenient. whereas. publicized the case. (5:32). He alleged his eight-months-pregnant daughter was tortured and killed on March 7 on the orders of her father-in-law.

a gay Jordanian man was shot and wounded by his brother. Ahmet Yildiz. was shot outside a cafe and later died in hospital. In another case. the practice of marrying a woman to Quran is prevalent among landlords. If they do not have the heart for their own family members they are absolutely incapable of any compassion or intelligence to make or uphold humane and sensible laws pertaining to women.(a) Relation to homosexuality There is some evidence that homosexuality can also be perceived as grounds for honor killing by relatives. a homosexual Turkish student. And to think these greedy. These men should be prosecuted for human rights violations and removed from their posts in the government immediately. selfish. Marriage to Quran In some parts of Sindh. cruel and inhumane men hold positions in the Pakistan government and have the power to make laws that could affect thousands of women is beyond comprehension. Not only is this practice absolutely unIslamic but barbaric as well. In one case. The practice is often used by men to keep and grab the land of their sisters and daughters. although this practise is alien to Islam and has no religious basis. 27 . Sociologists have called this Turkey's first publicized gay honor killing. I am extremely perturbed by an item titled 'Married to the Quran' in a recent issue of 'The Friday Times' about women who are being forced to live a life dedicated to reading the Quran.

which was established in 1979.56). according to this law. He once categorically expressed while meeting with a delegation of women workers: No nation can rise to the height of glory unless your women are side by side with you. It was the Quaid-i-Azam.Responses To Violence While there is a high incidence of violence against women. on bail. 1997. violence against women in all its manifestation is criminal act. Whilst the Ministry of Women's Development promotes gender equality and upholds the status of women in Pakistan at the Federal level. Muslim women were given rights of inheritance of property. 2006). (Schuler. Women's Development Departments (WDD) also exists at the local government level. of women languishing in prisons on various charges. the women's movement has been focusing on three main goals in Pakistan: securing women's political representation in the National. Some people argue that violence against women is culturally acceptable. except those on trial for murder or acts of terrorism. This ordinance will benefit 1. There is no sanction anywhere for the deplorable condition in which our women have to live (qtd in Walid. 28 Government Policy Towards Violence Against Women . Since the start of 1990s. working to raise women's consciousness. In 1937. 1992. President General Musharraf issued a new ordinance to provide for the release. the founder of Pakistan who encouraged women to come out of their homes and work for the cause of Pakistan by addressing public meetings and taking part in protests and rallies. Muslim women were lucky to have a moderate and openminded leader. particularly about family planning. At that time. According to this act. Recently.23) During this period. provincial and local assemblies. we are victims of evil customs. Nevertheless. It is a crime against humanity that our women are shut up within the four walls of the houses as prisoners. Mohammad Ali Jinnah. The government of Pakistan has a special ministry for women development. all women were given the right to vote and seats had been reserved for women in legislative councils. and countering suppression of women's rights by raising public awareness. there are also many women’s rights organization and governmental departments who are struggling strenuously against this menace. Central Legislative Council of British India passed the Muslim Personal Law. there was no democratic government in Pakistan and General Ziaul Haq had a complete power to enforce any law. p. especially after the death of their parents. p. After these political incentives. some other laws were also passed to reduce the status of women. Women`s Rights The struggle for women's rights starts from the 1935 government of India act (British India).300 women (The news.

Besides this. Changing patterns of people's perception regarding women's education requires the utmost effort on the political. Strategies For Change After analyzing the different forms of violence against women and responses to this violence. cultural. which is essential to sensible decision-making in all areas of endeavour. the media can be an influential and effective tool. the role of government comes in and the responsibility of women representatives in national assembly of Pakistan is tested.  Role of government Here. woman can improve their socio-economic status. Advertisements about women's education can be placed on public transports. This will give relief to those parents who do not wish their daughters to get education among males. and newspapers. 29 . which the Pakistani government and the people of Pakistan may take with regard to controlling the violence. First of all. 2006 after staunch opposition from religious parties. religious groups.  Education With the help of education. the government should reform the police department. Government should establish more educational institutions for women specifically related to law and medical science. social. The Islamic parties opposed and criticized this bill categorically. Knowledge gives awareness.the government. economic. in Pakistan. and it seems the government is now serious about softening its image to the international community regarding the conditions of women’s rights in Pakistan. 2006). But recent opposition of the women’s rights bill in the National assembly by the Islamic parties demonstrated that more struggle has to be done by the women of Pakistan in order to break the chains of oppression (Mooraj. The police department is one of the most corrupt departments in the country. and it is knowledge. cultural and social fronts. structural and cultural violence? Will women of Pakistan remain in this orbit of fear if nothing is changed? There are many steps. In order to educate women. In television. Everyone has a part to play -.This is a new ray of hope. What they can do for the eradication of torture and unlawful killings of women? First of all. As. radio. This bill normally known as the "women protection bill" was passed in December. all elements of civil society and individuals. more women lawyers and doctors can work for the women in legal and health sector and women can trust them. For this purpose. many steps can be taken. religious. and environmental consciousness and prosperity. it is necessary to discuss what should be possible strategies in order to counter the threats faced by women because of direct. a campaign can easily be launched for the need of women's education by governmental and non-governmental organizations. Education brings political. political parties. separation of men and women exists at every level. Women should have equal access to education in all disciplines and at all levels. being a traditional Islamic country. and in public places. there should be a campaign for the awareness regarding need of women's education.

In recent years. it is the moral and religious obligation of Islamic scholars to give a religious declaration (fatwa) that the practice of dowry is completely against the true spirit of Islam. Another tool that women's rights organizations and government have not used in Pakistan so far is influencing young people in educational institutions.' If Pakistani police become honest and sincere. This should be ended as. there should be workshops' training programmers. most people listen to the radio. and the traffic police. colleges. in the media. Pakistani women do not want such liberty. because cases related to women problems can be handled by women lawyers in an atmosphere of trust. the dowry system is a concerning practice resulting in direct violence in form of bride burning. and that anyone who practices it will be committing a sinful act. Unfortunately. not only concerning problems related to women rights.  Media In the contemporary world. Simultaneously. This declaration (fatwa) may contribute significantly towards a change in people's overall perception of the dowry system. In universities. If government of Pakistan really aims to create an atmosphere of awareness towards women's rights. Seminars. walks and talk shows. in which religious scholars should be invited to discuss the problems related to women's rights. In order to change the conservative approach of religious leaders. you should join police force. and to inform men and women of their legal rights. gender discrimination persists. the number of women studying law is increasing. and more. and debates of women’s rights activists should be given coverage in media. It is a triumph for women nowadays that they now can serve in the police. such as violations against women. this will solve many social diseases. smuggling. The media shows women as an object for advertisements. This is a good trend and will have significant effects on judicial system. so. but still.  Role of religious leaders The role of religious leaders is also important because they have easy access to grassroots of society. in rural areas. respect and protection. The government can use media in this regard. traditional people will think that women's rights signify liberties like the one of models wearing skimpy dresses and having vulgar looks. the media should be focused on the issues concerning true women's rights and solutions to the problems at hand. For example. women lawyers can also play a major role. violence in general?. the importance of media cannot be denied. women are given coverage as actresses. rallies. talks. otherwise.It is very common to say that 'if you want to be a rich man in one or two years. and seminars. Unfortunately. dancing in films. corruption. Therefore. In this case. The government can use the media to undertake a legal literacy campaign. the radio can be an influential tool to inform people about the importance of women’s rights. these NGOs can play important role by formulating different kinds of activities such as seminars. beatings. singing and existing as something pleasurable for men. discussions. the armed forces. media can be used as an influential and effective tool. For example. acid throwing. religious 30 .

scholars have not yet considered this as a serious issue. because most of these religious scholars are Male and they live in the same gender blind and oppressive society of Pakistan. Religious scholars and clerics can play a major role if they really believe the practice of dowry is a serious social problem. 31 .

economy and political participation. our wives.  Focus at community level and work beyond questions of gender identity and towards social justice and community transformation. There is a strong and urgent need for mobilizing and adequately utilizing all allied sectors of society for formulating policy and programs.Conclusion Violence against women is a concern of noticeably significant importance at societal and family levels.  Seek solutions from the within in consultation with the concerned target groups. As a way forward I would like to recommend the following major point that would contribute in the struggle to end violence against women. and our mothers. with particular emphasis on the protection of the rights. in education. Is there anyone who has no a mother. Violence against women is a complex problem which requires coordinated solutions. sister or daughter to be raped? I do not think so. which was created on the name of Islam. can be a role model for Islamic countries as well. that Pakistan will ever be free itself from the bonds of illiteracy.  Building the new generation in the family and in school to create a gender neutral and non violent masculine behavior. progressive and a prosperous Muslim country without strengthening civil society. Domestic violence is a serious threat to women’s basic human rights and physical and psychological well-being. safety and well-being of women. Is here anyone who wants to see his mother. our sisters. So ending violence on women means ending violence on our mothers. This requires first and foremost giving men and women equal access to opportunities in life. our girls.  Building the capacities of women. is 32 .  Understand the nature of the violence in the given social situation. a daughter? We all have at least a mother. gender and violence requires a broadening scope ranging from individual behavior change to social structural change. inequality and poverty. involving the participation of both the state and civil society. Domestic or intra-family violence perpetrated by both male and female family members and relatives deserves special attention. sisters and daughters. a sister. directly or indirectly. Only through the education of women and by making them leaders and equal participants in decision-making and In deciding their own future.  As immediate call for all of us let’s start to end violence from ourselves. Pakistan cannot become a moderate. a wife.  The connection between men. If half of the population of Pakistan is spending life marked by strong feelings of fear and insecurity. The first point in the way forward. how can Pakistan stand among the prosperous countries of the world? How Pakistan. Let’s give equal chance to our women. 33 .Let’s change ourselves first genuinely! Let’s start with ourselves from the bottom of our hearts. References • http://en.

jpg 34 .jpg• • • • • • • • • • • • • • hNhbqFMeuPk/TljypFkz9sI/AAAAAAAAABo/FGWZQDku7Lw/s1600/Hindu+ women.• http://2.wikipedia.htm http://en.

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