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PSL 634: KEBIJAKAN & MANAJEMEN EKOWISATA Kuliah Minggu ke 14

THE AREA OF INDONESIAN FOREST


Total area of forest: 140 million ha Conservation forest: 33.92 million ha Production forest: 58.49 million ha Conversion forest: 8.08 million ha Conservation area: 20.62 million ha (nature
protected areas, wildlife protected areas, nature recreation areas, national parks)

ECOTOURISM ON NATIONAL PARK


HADI SUSILO ARIFIN PSL-SPS IPB

INDONESIAN NATIONAL PARKS


The first National Park is Yellowstone National Park

NATIONAL PARKS IN INDONESIA

was declared on March 1, 1872.


In Indonesia, the first of 5 national parks were declared

in 1970, the 12 national parks were declared in 1982.


The management of national parks is controlled by the

decision letter No. 096 (1984) issued by The Forestry Minister of RI. Indonesia National Park is proposed to protect and preserve the nature ecosystem, scenery, germ plasma of floras and faunas/wildlife that useful for human community through the education, research and recreation activities.
http://www.dephut.go.id/INFORMASI/TN%20INDO-ENGLISH/tn_index_English.htm

NATIONAL PARKS IN SUMATRA 1. Gunung Leuser 2. Siberut 3. Kerinci Seblat 4. Bukit Tigapuluh 5. Bukit Duabelas 6. Berbak 7. Sembilang 8. Bukit Barisan Selatan 9. Way Kambas NATIONAL PARKS IN KALIMANTAN 1. Gunug Palung 2. Danau Sentarung 3. Betung Kerihun 4. Bukit Baka-Bukit Raya 5. Tanjung Puting 6. Kutai 7. Kayan Mentarang

NATIONAL PARKS IN JAVA 1. Ujung Kulon 2. Kepulauan Seribu 3. Gunung Halimun 4. Gunung Gede Pangrango 5. Karimunjawa 6. Bromo Tengger Semeru 7. Meru Betiri 8. Baluran 9. Alas Purwo

NATIONAL PARKS IN BALI AND NUSA TENGGARA 1. Bali Barat 2. Gunung Rinjani 3. Komodo 4. Manupeu Tanah Daru 5. Laiwangi Wanggameti 6. Kelimutu

NATIONAL PARKS IN SULAWESI 1. Bunaken 2. Bogani Nani Wartabone 3. Lore Lindu 4. Taka Bonerate 5. Rawa Aopa Watumohai 6. Wakatobi

NATIONAL PARKS IN MALUKU AND PAPUA 1. Manusela 2. Teluk Cendrawasih 3. Lorentz 4. Wasur

Conservation Area in West Java Province, Indonesia

THE CHARACTER OF INDONESIAN NATIONAL PARKS


The area of national park at least 6,000 ha (e.g. Gede

Pangrango NP is 15,000 ha; Ujung Kulon NP is 120,551 ha, West Bali NP is 60,000 ha, Leuser NP is 1,200,000 ha) It is not only forest area, but also the other nature area of terrestrial and/or aquatic ecosystem that has the ecological, biological and/or geological unique characters. Regarding the landscape management, the area is divided into 4 zones, i.e. sanctuary zone, wilderness zone, intensive zone and buffer zone.

Zoning of Meru Betiri National Park in East Java, Indonesia

NATIONAL PARKS ZONING


Law no. 5/1990 defines a national park as an area

designated to protect natural ecosystems and managed by the National Park Agency (Balai Taman Nasional or BTN) using a system of spatial zoning. A national park is to be used for research, education, cultural needs, tourism or recreation. This definition complies with the IUCN classification for national parks as Category II protected areas.

Land coverage of Meru Betiri National Park in East Java, Indonesia

Location map of Ujung Kulon National Park as one of the Natural World Heritage Site (UNESCO) in West Java, Indonesia N

Burahol, endangered species of fruit in Ujung Kulon National Park

A jungle of tropical rain forest in Ujung Kulon National Park

Rhinoceros sondaicus, an endemic wildlife as a Master of UKNP

Walking in the tropical rain forest in Ujung Kulon National Park

Hylobates moloch, a species of monkey in Ujung Kulon National Park

A kind of tropical orchid in the rain forest of UKNP

Nature phenomenon of Cigenter River in Ujung Kulon National Park

Baringtonia asiatica, a species in mangrove forest of Ujung Kulon National Park

Wildlife of Nycycebus coucang, endangered species in UKNP

Canoeing in along Cigenter River inside of Ujung Kulon National Park

Bos javanicus, a wildlife species in Ujung Kulon National Park

Coral reef and ornamental fish of under water scenic in Peucang Island, Ujung Kulon Panthera pardus, an endangered species National Park in Ujung Kulon National Park

Surfing on a paradise beach of Ujung Kulon National Park

http://www.google.co.id/imgres?imgurl=http://3.bp.blogspot.com

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Extension service of nature conservation education for the community people surrounding Ujung Kulon National Park

Riung Gunung Tea Plantation Agrotourism in Puncak Bogor Recreation Resort with the Back Ground of Gede Pangrango National Park, and Salak Halimun National Park

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Telaga Warna Ecotourism in protected forest - PUNCAK BOGOR, Gede Pangrango National Park

Telaga Warna Ecotourism in protected forest - PUNCAK BOGOR, Gede Pangrango National Park

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Camping Ground in Situ Gunung, Sukabumi - Buffer Zone of Gede Pangrango National Park, West Java, Indonesia

Broad walk/wooden track in forest recreation area, Yokohama, Japan

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Ecotourism in nature forest recreation of Kibi Highland, Okayama Prefecture, Japan

Camping ground in nature forest recreation of Kibi Highland, Okayama Prefecture, Japan

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Ecotourism attraction in nature forest recreation of Kibi Highland, Okayama Prefecture, Japan

Ecotourism facilities in nature forest recreation of Kibi Highland, Okayama Prefecture, Japan

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Camping ground facilities of ecotourism in nature forest recreation of Kibi Highland, Okayama Prefecture, Japan

Camping ground facilities of ecotourism in nature forest recreation of Kibi Highland, Okayama Prefecture, Japan

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Camping ground facilities of ecotourism in nature forest recreation of Kibi Highland, Okayama Prefecture, Japan

Camping ground facilities of ecotourism in nature forest recreation of Kibi Highland, Okayama Prefecture, Japan

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Camping ground facilities of ecotourism in nature forest recreation of Kibi Highland, Okayama Prefecture, Japan

Lodging facilities of ecotourism in nature forest recreation of Kibi Highland, Okayama Prefecture, Japan

Pic. HS Arifin

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SAMPAI JUMPA DI UJIAN AKHIR SEMESTER

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Community based ecotourism in nature forest recreation of Kibi Highland, Okayama Prefecture, Japan