Department of Agriculture

Research & Development, and Extension Branch Elliptical Rd., Diliman, Quezon City 1101

April 2007

Coconut Intercropping Guide No.


Millicent Severino S. Magat, PhD1 and Millicent I. Secretaria, MSc2
1 2

Scientist IV, PCA-Agricultural Research Management Department, Diliman, QC Scientist I, PCA-Davao Research Center, Bago-Oshiro, Davao City

Growing of intercrops in coconut lands produces more food and agricultural products, ensuring food security of the people in rural and urban areas. At the same time, the practice generates jobs and livelihood, enhancing farm incomes and the purchasing power of people, thus alleviating poverty in farming communities (Magat 2004). Moreover, successful farmers serve as inspiration and enterprise leaders in their communities, eventually treating coconut farming in an agribusiness way to create wealth and more capital resources. Cacao (Theobroma cacao L.) is a tree crop that is highly suitable or compatible under different production systems (intercropping or multistory farming, agroforestry, etc). In cacao producing countries, it is grown mainly for its beans, processed into cacao powder, cake and cocoa butter. These products are largely used in the manufacture of chocolates, soaps, cosmetics, shampoo and other pharmaceutical products (PCARRD 2000). Cacao is also a high value crop wherein the potential is not yet explored in our country with an extensive area suitable for cacao growing as a monocrop or intercrop of coconut. In fact, over 1M ha highly suitable or wet zone of coconut areas (except in coastal areas excessively high in Na or saline soils) are suitable for coconut-cacao intercropping. Its cultivation could promote an agro-industrial development aimed: at value-adding export products, as well as reduction of importation of cacao beans rom countries like Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, and Malaysia (PCARRD 2000). PCARRD mentioned that to date, more than three-fourths of the cacao beans requirement of the country is imported from major producing countries. Cacao, a popular, stable and marketable long-term beverage crop is widely planted under and between stands of coconut trees. To be a compatible and productive intercrop, cacao tree is best planted not closer than 2 meters from the base of coconut trees, at 3 m between hills and 3 m between rows. Furthermore, where there is limited land for cacao monocropping, the inter-spaces of coconut lands (with 8-15 meters of spacing of coconut palms) are amenable for several rows of cacao crop. Also important, the bio-physical environmental conditions, soil-wise, sunlight-wise and micro-climate

Coconut-Beverage Crop (Cacao) Cropping Model


A farm layout of a coconut-cacao cropping model under triangular planting system of coconut 8-10 m. These are shown in Figure 1 and 2. Figure 1. Coconut-Beverage Crop (Cacao) Cropping Model 2 . A farm layout of a coconut-cacao cropping model under square planting system of coconut 8-10 m) Figure 2.variation within the 70-80% space between coconut trees in a farm has been known to be highly suitable for a coconut-cacao ecosystem.

Criollo is superior in fruit possessing generally elongated and with distinctly ridged pods. 2004). Cacao beans produced by small-scale farmers and backyard growers are mostly processed naturally into ‘tablea’ (a popular native chocolate confection used in hot and strong chocolate drink). 2005 cited its application to remedy alopecia. vigorous and more productive. Cocoa also contains 300 volatile compounds and the most important flavor components are: aliphatic paste/liquor and chocolate confectionaries (Magat. roundish almost smooth fruits and purplish cotyledons of Forastero (Duke 1983 in Magat. 2004).g. powder.html). The three varieties of cacao are Forastero. but susceptible to many pests (PCARRD.Purdue Universityn. shampoo. Moreover. parturition. pyrazines and theobromine (Magat. diuretic and parasiticide. If there is regular or seasonal demand for tender 8-month old nuts (buko) for tender nut water (buko juice) and tender nut for pies and desserts.43 -1.5 -2. except when grown in dry zones. which are processed into cocoa powder. are first roasted. and other pharmaceutical products. fever. strongly manifest the characteristics of a hybrid population and considered a rich genetic source for the varietal improvement of the crop (PCARRD. Forastero cacao is stronger. nephrosis. coconut sugar. Criollo variety has also pointed fruits and white cotyledons compared with the short. 1989). These are used mainly in the manufacture of chocolates. Basically. and butter. the farmers get higher net income compared to the 12-month old mature nuts as buko nuts are usually priced 3-4 times higher than mature nuts. 2004). Cacao crop – dried fermented cacao beans (DFCB). including theobromine (0. Coconut-Beverage Crop (Cacao) Cropping Model 3 .2.d. polyphenols. e. 2) It is grown primarily for its beans. ADVANTAGES AND BENEFITS Coconut trees . 2005. 2004). a hybrid cross of Criollo and Foratero varieties. eye sore. 2004). likely serving as medication. soap and cosmetics. honey.7%). the chocolate beverage is prepared from cocoa derived from DFCB. The Philippines was the first in Asia to plant cacao and prepare chocolate drinks from cocoa (www.70%) (Center for New Crops and Plant Products [CNCPP]. it contains proteins (18%). coconut sap can be produced which in turn can be processed into high value food products. cacao is considered antiseptic. The Forastero variety have less caffeine (0.produces many basic food products and non-food raw materials for high value products. From its inflorescence. 1983 in Magat. cosmetics. Generally. and largely considered the world’s most expensive fat and used widely in the emollient “bullets” for hemorrhoids (Duke. Duke and Wain (1981) in Magat. 3) Chocolate is considered high in phenylethylamine. fats (cocoa butter). soaps. 4) As for folk medicine or remedy. burns. in Magat. unsaturated aromatic carbonyls. cake. cracked and grinded to give a powdery mass from which fat is extracted and usually processed into cocoa products such cocoa butter. fresh drink and vinegar. While Trinitario. cough.philonline. 1989). dry lips. cacao and coconut do not compete for soil resources. the main product of this crop. amines and alkaloids. Criollo and Trinitario (Magat. Some of the key benefits of the coconut-cacao cropping/ecosystem are as follow: 1) Cacao can be intercropped in coconut palms when these palms reached 25 years (and beyond).1%) as compared to Criollo ariety (1. Cocoa butter is utilized in confectionaries and in the manufacture of tobacco.

In the same year. a total of locally produced 7. obtained are many basic food products from nuts (like kernel/meat. vinegar.407 mt. rheumatism. Climatic Needs: Factor Altitude (m above sea level) Temperature ( C) Light Total annual rainfall (mm) o Coconut Less than 600 24.2500 (well distributed) Cacao Less than 300 18-32 Shade-tolerant crop 1.150 ha. respectively (http://www. 4. soil and water resources usually results in marginal economic returns from one of the component crops or in both. 000 t DFCB.30t/ha to 0.123 mt of export. the national annual average yield of cacao beans was estimated at it is essential to provide the suitable conditions (climate and soils) for the two crops. ROWING GROWING CONDITIONS AND THE TECHNOLOGY 4. Many more products are derived from other parts of the coconut trees. Moreover. the Philippine exported cocoa butter (fat oil which accounted for 22.based.363 mt. Moreover. 17.844 t from 15. snakebite and wounds.801 ha) . 1980 in Magat. Locally. MARKET DEMAND AND PRACTICES In 1997. Just like the most traded agricultural commodities.1 Environmental Requirements To optimize the achievable yield of cacao under the coconut-banana cropping system. In 1998.000 t DFCB was supplied to the 13 local grinders requiring at least 30. Cocoa paste (wholly/partly defatted –cocoa cake).29 >2000 sunshine hours/year 1500. cocoa beans (whole/broken.413 t cacao beans from 17. the domestic price of DFCB follows the global market. 2005).34% or 3.50/kg in 1994 to P40/kg DFCB in 1996 (PCARRD 2000). Unless production and productivity of the cacao crop increases within the next 5-10 years. 5) From the coconut trees. coconut water/juice) and coconut sap (fresh sap. the competition for light. coconut the average wholesale prices of DFCB increased from P28.800(w/o any drought exceeding 3 Coconut-Beverage Crop (Cacao) Cropping Model 4 .48% or 1. coconut nectar/honey and natural sap sugar). local requirement for DFCB would be continually supplied through importation. a clear reduction in national production output was noted and is likely attributed to decrease in hectare and probably a lower productivity level. raw roast) were likewise exported with 18.pregnancy.250-2.65% or 20 mt 18.52t/ha.49% or 1. 3.html).40t/ha (PCARRD 2000). shell-based). where the yield of small farm ranged from 0.cocoa butter is applied onto wrinkles to minimize or remedy it ( Leung. non-food raw materials for various high value products (husked. Compared to 1990 (9. the total production was only 7. coconut milk.72% of which was produced in Southern Mindanao. Also.philponline.

2 Technology It is very important to apply the best package of technologies (POT) or better still. the use of budded clonal seedlings offers a true-to-type seedlings which achieve earlier higher yields.5 Sandy. 5. K. As a detailed guide on the cultural practices of cacao. Dept. In a small farm or a plantation. P. three booklets were produced by the PCA as quick references: 1) Production Management of Coconut (Magat 1999). Leucaeria or Erythrina and other comparative crops is desirable. Under monoculture.7. For coconut. the site-specific technologies to achieve the maximum economic yield (MEY). 2)to have adequate air circulation and sunlight penetration within the Coconut-Beverage Crop (Cacao) Cropping Model 5 .241 plants/ha) is desirable to be grown when intercrop with coconuts (coconut-cacao long term cropping system). of Agriculture. highly desirable to obtain the least production cost per unit product or per ha. In the initial years of crop establishment. Proper and timely pruning is required: 1) to train. 3. 86 p. 2. Ca Cacao 4. Technology Notes for Practicioners (Magat 1999) and 3) Good Agricultural Practices in Coconut Production (GAP-Coconut). under coconut cacao monocraopping system. 4. Ca. a 3 m x 3 m triangular spacing (1. S. and the maximum returns to investment under the coconut-cacao cropping production system. Commonly propagated by seeds grown in the nursery with regular watering as practical. P. the Philippines Recommends for cacao (PCARRD 1989) is a popular reference-manual. Recommended hybrid varieties are Criollo. loamy. Quezon City Metro Manila. Mg.5 . clayey (with good structure) Medium to High N. seedlings are ready for transplanting in 6-8 months with 4-6 pairs of green true leaves are present. B Coconut >1500 Well-drained 4. Philippines. at least five recommended clonal materials to be grown at the same period.5-7.-Diliman. shade of other tree crops (“nurse crops”) like coconut. since cacao trees are normally incompatible in terms of flowering and pollination. 2) Coconut-based Farming Systems (CBFS).(Magat 2006) Following are some salient recommended farming pointers or practices in a coconut-cacao cropping system: CACAO 1.months) Typhoon frequency (%) < 20 < 20 Soil Requirements: Soil Condition Soil Depth (cm) Drainage Soil Acidity (pH) Soil Texture Organic matter content Major nutrients >75 Moderate to well-drained 5. Gliricidia. PCA. shade trees are later pruned.0 Loamy. K. Trinitario and Forastero. Cl. clayey (with good structure) Medium to High N. shape and achieve the economical tree height.

and 2) using ready-to-apply multinutrient fertilizers as the 14-5-20-0. 3) to minimize incidences of pest and diseases. If sold to coconut desiccating plants. underbrushing-weeding. 4) dried beans are kept in gunny sacks and stack on raised platforms. Selective harvesting is done by hand using knives or machetes. mulching of the main rootzone of coconut (also considered the fertilizing zone at trunk base of trees). There are two average inorganic/mineral fertilizer recommendations for coconut: 1) using the combination of single fertilizers (ammonium sulfate plus common salt (for potassium-rich soils) or potassium chloride (0-0-60) for soils deficient in K. The major insect pests of the crop are cacao pod borer (causes uneven ripening and unfilled beans). The peak-harvest period is the result of flowering during the rainy season. Pick cacao fruits only when they are fully mature (147 days) Harvesting should be done regularly to avoid overripe pods in the trees. commercial organic fertilizers). and harvesting. the cacao crop has peakharvest and off-season periods. Harvesting – is done when pods turns yellowish or reddish orange in color. and 4) to produce higher and quality yields. characterize by brownish horizontal streak of infected twigs and causes the eventual death of shoots (Ministry of Agriculture of Malaysia). The criteria for grading are the number of beans per 100 g.02 (B). dehusked nuts are immediately marketed. These two fertilizer recommendations are compatible with the application of appropriate organic fertilizers (compost. The following are some of the very important considerations in the postharvest handling of cacao beans: 1) avoid injuring the beans during pod-splitting (pods cut open to extract the beans). Dried fermented cacao beans (DFCB) are best graded before marketing. P and K of at least 5%) may be applied together with the mineral fertilizers (options 1 and 2) indicated below at the rate of 3-4 times of the periodic rates indicated. while coconut shells are converted to charcoal and sold to activated carbon processors. red root disease (causing wilting and yellowing of leaves and eventual death of trees). leaving white mycelium and vascular streak disease (Oncosbasidium theobromae).6. Post-harvest and primary processing practices (seasoning of partially immature nuts for 7–10 days. % pest incidence and % slaty beans (“flat” beans). Organic fertilizers should be applied about a month ahead of the Coconut-Beverage Crop (Cacao) Cropping Model 6 . Avoid damp conditions to control fungus attack which lower the bean quality. the main farming practices are fertilization. While. cocopeat. 3) dry under the sun or by a mechanical dryer. 2) wet cocoa beans should undergo fermentation for 7 days in order to kill the seeds and enhance the chocolate flavor. % fungus infection. A separate fertilization for the stands of coconut and the cacao crop is recommended. Helopetis (attcks immature pods) and Apogonia (leaf eaters) that are active at nighttime. Coconut husks await decortication/defibering. dehusking and copra processing) are common in small to medium scale farms. crop. capacity bags. white rot disease (causing wilting of leaves. following the acceptable or standard grading system in the country. If capital resources to purchase organic fertilizers is available. 8. any of these organic fertilizers ( total N. COCONUT With the coconut trees are already established and already at bearing stage. 7. Adequate fertilization is an important component of the integrated crop management of the cacao or cocoa tree crop. now commercially available like COCOGROW (ATLAS Brand) in 25 kg. the most important diseases are : black pod disease. Puling the pods from the tree damages the flower cushions and destroys the bark. 9. Usually.

5 8 92 12. Average nutrient needs and suggested fertilizer grade for immature cacao plants (g per plant)a After field planting Nutrient Rate Fertilizer Grade (month) N P2O5 K2O MgO 14-14-14b 45 6.5 kg KCl 1.5 80.0 18 192c 27. Organic fertilizers serve best as soil conditioners and fertilizer supplements to the coconut-cacao cropping system.0 17.50 kg 3. 4.8 12.5 8.5 570 a PCARRD 1989 b Estimated from PCARRD’s 1989 study Coconut-Beverage Crop (Cacao) Cropping Model 7 .5 8.5 4 60 8.0 17.4 6.0 kg AS + 1.3 27. 5% P2O5. Ca. For Coconut Option 1 Single ngleApplication of Single-Fertilizers (per tree): 6 months from FP 1 year 2 years 3 years 4 years 5 years and onwards a 200 g AS + 200 g SC or 200 g KCl 500 g AS + 450 g SC or 600 g KCl 750 g AS + 750 g SC or 900 g KCl 1. KCl – Potassium chloride (0-0-60) Option 2 ready-toApplication of ready-to-apply multinutrient fertilizer (per tree): Age/Stage Field-planting (FP) 6 months from FP 1 year 2 years 3 years 4 years 5 years and onwards a 14Rate of 14-5-20 multimulti-nutrient Fertilizer 400 g 600 g 1. For Cacao A. SC – Sodium chloride (common salt). 20% K2O plus 15% Cl .3 4.4 1 60 8.25 kg 1.70 kg SC or 2.50 kg 2.5%S.5 8.02% Boron. 0.50 kg AS + 1.25 kg SC or 1.00 kg 2.8 12 121 17.70 kg KCl 1.3 27.5 91.4 6.5 24 Total 80.25 kg AS + 1.7 4.5 8.00 kg a contains 14% N.8 12.35 kg SC or 1.application of the inorganic/mineral fertilizers.00 kg KCl AS – Ammonium sulfate (21-0-0).

Richards 2007. @ 26. @ 93.0 6.050 (2.5 62.7 72. Maint. and year 5 and onwards. year 2. Net income of PhP 21.100 1.9 40. PhP 30.Cacao seedlings.0 5. year 2.426 (negative income). follows: year 1 (field-planting). Recommends for Cacao. PhP9. @ 8.182.8 P 9.2 K 1.000 kg copra/ha. CACAO: A. For the coconut crop (existing stand). @ 69. YEAR 4. the projected total annual net income gained per ha in a 5-year time scale are the following: year 1. 2007). year 2. @ PhP15/kg copra). @72. Davao City ) Table 5.161 The details of the simple costs and returns analysis (production economics) of coconut.5 Fertilizer Grade Per ha (kg) per tree (g) 135b 62c 107d 33c 50f 108b 49c 86d 26c 40f c 5.818.541.980. PCARRD 1979. year 3.year 4. @41. Year 4.481. 3. has its production cost (per year/ha) in a 5-year time scale (period cacao achieves full-bearing stage). YEAR 3.700. INVESTMENT NEEDS: COSTS AND RETURNS (PRODUCTION ECONOMICS) As an intercrop of coconut production. Item CACAO I.8 N 4.5 4. @ PhP 116.0 Mg a Wood and lass 1985 b Ammonium sulfate (21-0-0) c Solophos (18% P2O5) d KCl (0-0-60) e CaCO3 (limestone) f Dolomite [CaMg(CO3)2. On the coconut-cacao cropping system.476. & Operating Cost 1.5 35.232.6 6. per ha basis are shown in the following tables ( referenced to production items/details on: (1) Phil. Fixed Cost B.111. and year 5 and onwards. Nutrient and fertilizer recommendation for mature cacao trees based on 1 t DFCB/ha with 1. (1) cocoa yield profiles.Plus 19 g KCl (0-0-60 fertilizer) + 30 g dolomitic limestone (dolomite) B.8 5.241 plants at 3 m x 3 m spacing Nutrient Removal from cropping (kg/t per year) Cacao beans Pod husks Total 21.100b 400c Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5 Coconut-Beverage Crop (Cacao) Cropping Model 8 . year 3. PhP30. @15.0 1.775 1.8 4. @ 39. cacao as intercrop of coconut: 600 trees/ha.111 +10%.000 cacao trees/ha.950.6 Ca 3.1 monocrop costs returns Simple costs and returns (production economics) of cacao grown as production economics) and intercrop of coconut (cacao monocrop: 1. cacao (cocoa) at 600 trees/ha. while the projected annual net income/ha: year 1. @ PhP 95. 12% MgO Nutrient Nutrient (kg/ha) 28. Richards.476 (negative income). and year 5 and onwards.0 3.182.3 14. (3) production costs based on 1997 prices by DA-SMIARRFU XI.3 4.500a 27. @ 36.491. @47.Cacao cropping.030. the annual per ha average production cost (including fertilization) is PhP 8.1.

481 30.000 102.519 0 0 0 (30.100 15. Spraying pesticides.600 400 400 900 1500 1.700 2. 20md x P100/md 2.771 41.300 38 1.m.304 25 1.509 24.476 8. 111 md for 3rd. Total Production cost/1000 cacao trees (as monocrop /ha) F. P10 @ 5. 83.14-1414) @ 960/bag 3. construction of 25 sq. 15 md 9. 135 coconut trees and 600 cacao trees/ha). Pesticides 4.ha) c) Gross Value (at P80/kg) d) Net Income 4.818 45 1.060 21. Labor 1.etc.120 600 600 300 22. Weeding & mulching 10md 6.818 16.000 80. Rattan baskets.500 500 400 900 1500 1000 8.Liming & staking 4 md 3. Production Cost/600 cacao trees (cacao as intercrop under coconut/ha) F.200 96.410 2.618 50.491 60 1. 10 md 10.700 3. Contingency (10%tot.000 95. hoe.300 9.111 a Sprayer.000 72. 4 md 7.800 144.889 0 0 0 (50.020 23. Sacks.476) 12 300 24.670 26. Simple costs and returns (production economics) of the coconut crop component and the total net income from coconut + cacao cropping system (per ha/year basis). b Pruning shear.300 10.500 120. Clearing. shovel.Planting. 40 md 5. 5th yr. breaking of pods.980 50 1.000 11.300 32.336 14. solar drier at P40/sq.400 500 200 200 15.696 2. Table 5.620 21. Pruning.562 39. concrete soar drier at P40/sq.300 12.000 47.182 33 800 64. Coconut-Beverage Crop (Cacao) Cropping Model 9 .800 400 10.000 53.300 10. Fertilizing.560 500 14. cost) E.793 1. Harvesting. SubSub-total 4.793) 7 300 24.2 As Intercrop a) Pod/tree b) Dried beans (kg.m c Construction of additional 10 sq.300 D. General weeding.Fertilizer (complete.500 120. 9md 8.000 80.P25/seedling (budded cacao) 2.000 400 1000 4000 1000 400 900 1000 400 900 1000 400 900 1500 1000 5. P20@ Sub-total Sub-total C.1 Monocrop a) Pod/tree b) Dried beans (kg/ha) c) Gross Value (at P80/kg) d) Net Income F.000 9. fermenting.000 15.2. Yield & Income from Cacao as F.210 600 400 200 22. Digging of holes.m. drying: 55. 4t .m.975 11. 10 md 4.182 3.

116/1991.04 960 400 360 2.541 2. 6x/yr Fertilizer cost b Total Cost (P) Yield (kg/ha) Gross Income (P) Net Income (P) (Php hp) Total Net income (Php) cacao) (coconut + cacao) Benefit/cost ratio b 2.S. Growing of Intercrops in coconut lands to generate more food and agricultutral products. hauling.5 md. 4. Volume II.) Published by PCA. 7p.950 2.2004. deshusking @ P0. piling.050 (9. Magat.000 30.76 960 400 360 2. Published by PCARRD-DOST and Rainfed Resources Development Proj.000 21. Coconut Intercropping Primer.43 1.050 69.232 2.Success stories of farmer-managed coconut-based farming systems. @P15/kg Nuts= 8.24) 960 400 360 2. @ P0.000 8.000 8. Congressional) Government Banks & Lending Institutions Private Banks and Lending Agencies Cooperatives Foundations • REFERENCES: Cabangbang. jobs and enhancing farm income. Published by PCA-Diliman.Govt.000 8. A. Diliman.20/kg copra Fertilizer application Circle weeding.426) (0. Quezon City. and E.800 2.35/nut Copra making @P0. 1991. 67 p. In :Book Series No.050 93.430 2.5 kg AS + 1. 050 116.161 3.800 2.000 30.800 2.430 2. 135 trees/ha 6.S. Quezon City.COCONUT: (Copra yield @ 2 t/ha.000 30.000 8.950 2.800 960 400 360 2.430 2.12/kg Transport/ Handling.000 21.430 2. Production management of coconut (Cocos nucifera L.000/ha) Cost of harvesting.000 30.950 2. 1999.050 36.950 2.000 8..000 21. Provincial. S. POTENTIAL FINANCING SOURCES/CREDIT FACILITIES • • • • • Self or In-House Finance (Private) Local Government Units (Municipal.950 2.030 2.88 960 400 360 2.000 30. S. Aguilar. R.430 2. Intercropping coconut with cacao. of the Phil. 2004.Dec.000 21.7 kg NaCl @ P5/kg and P4/kg. Coconut-Beverage Crop (Cacao) Cropping Model 10 . respectively. and United States Agency for International Development (USAID).000 21. Magat.800 2.

Los Baños. Bago-Oshiro. Cocoa and cocoa-based City. 2007.). Laguna: PCARRD. No. The Philippine Recommends for Cacao. (Phil. Barrio Isabang. Quezon City 1101 Tel: (632) 928-4501 to 10 (local: or pcaasd@pldtdsl. S.S. The Coconut Committee (1992). Philippines. Cacao Industry Situationer Report. PO Box 80437 Tel: (082) 293-0113/0115/0161/0119 Fax No. Field Services Branch. Guinobatan Albay Tel: (052) 484-6686 or 484-6685 Davao Research Center (DRC). 1997 Price List of Agricultural Zamboanga Research Center (ZRC).com Coconut-Beverage Crop (Cacao) Cropping Model 11 . 86 p. PO Box 356 Tel: (0917) 710-1820 Email: pca_zrc@pldtdsl.html FOR MORE INFORMATION AND ASSISTANCE. 508) Fax: (632) 926-7631 Email: cbcarpio@mozcom. Davao City. of Laguna: PCARRD-DOST. Davao or sev_magat@yahoo. (082) 293-0571 Email: pcadrc@pldtdsl. 2000. PCA.2-b. The Philippine Recommends for Coconut. S. and Extension Field Notes:Cebu Southern Mindanao Agricultural Research Center. PCARRD-DOST. 2005. Los Baños. 2005. Diliman. Quezon City Metro Manila. Good Agricultural Practices in Coconut Production (GAP-Coconut). Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development (PCARRD).-Diliman. Department of Agriculture Regional Field Unit XI.http://www. N. Richards. Laguna: PCARRD. From the internet: DA-Agribusiness Marketing Assistance Service.Magat. 1979.ACDIVOCA Philippines 2 p. Recommends Series. Los Baños. Quezon City 1101 Tel: (632) 928-4501 to 10 (local: 504. YOU MAY CONTACT THE FOLLOWING OFFICES SITUATED NEAR YOU: Research & Development. Lucena Ciity Tel: (042) 712-159 Email :pcaiv@yahoo. Laguna: Philippine Council for Agriculture. Dept. PCA. PCA. Zamboanga City. PARRFI and PCRDF. The Cacao Industry. San Ramon. Crop Nutrition and Fertilization Management of Selected Tropical Industrial Tree Crops. Magat. 234 p. PCA. Los PCA Region IV-A (Southern Tagalog). Laguna. DOST. PCA.philonline. intercropping.Bago Oshiro.S. 1993. PCA. PCARRD-DOST. 509) Albay Research Center (ARC). 172 p. Diliman. Los Baños. 2006.

. Cotabato City Telefax: (064) 421-2412. JP Laurel and CM Recto Sts. PCA Region XI (Southern Mindanao).ph PCA Region IX (Western Mindanao). AS Bldg. Pajera PCA Region VII (Central Visayas).ph PCA Region X (Northern Mindanao).net.. JC Aquino PCA Region V (Bicol) . Mandaue City (CEBU) Email: pca_7@yahoo. Quezon City Telefax: 924-4761 Tel: 927-5227 Email: pca1234b@mozcom. Tugbok District. Gen. Emilio Ong Bldg. Palo. Cagayan De Oro City Tel: (088) 857-3707 Fax: (088) 272-2814 Email: lgc_pca10@philcom. Email: wahab_mb@yahoo. Butuan City Tel: (085) 815-3232 Fax: (085) 226-4621 Email:pca_13caraga@yahoo. Iloilo City Tel: (033) 337-7514 Fax: (033) 335-0977 Email: pca_r6@globelines.. 12 Mabini St.. Quezon Drafted by: SS Magat and MI Secretaria 25 PCA-ARMM. J.P.. Sagpon. Rizal PCA Region XII (Central Mindanao). PCA-RDEB/ARMD Coconut-Beverage Crop (Cacao) Cropping Model 12 . #30 Daumar St. Gov’t Center. . Davao City Tel: (082) 293-0384 Telefax: (082) 293-0049 Email: pca11@pldtdsl. 2007/ PCA Region VI (Western Visayas).com. Santos City Tel: (083) 544-6263 Telefax: (083) 553-9424 Email: pcar12@gsc. Zamboanga City Tel: (062) 991-6369 Fax: (062) 992-1031 pcar9@jetlink.PCA Region IV-B (MIMAROPA and rest of Luzon) Diliman. PCA Complex. Cor. 2nd t.el: (032) 345-0009 Fax: (032) 345-8435 PCA Region VIII (Eastern Visayas).. Leyte Tel: (053) 323-2698 Fax: (053) 323-2995 Email: pca8@evis. Legaspi City Tel: (052) 245-5263 Fax: (052) 245-5263 Email : PCA Region XIII (CARAGA).

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful