STAAD PRO Example 1” Creating 2D model for simple beam span10m”

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1- As per figure 1 below, it is important to choose plane for 2D model analysis and 3D for 3D analysis, in this example choose 2D. 2- Fill the white right rectangular with model name and determine the location for the saved analysis. 3- It is very important to choose the input units for dimensions and loads before starting the analysis. 4- Click next.

Choose plane for 2D

Create file name

Choose file location

Dimension input unit

Step 4

Load input unit

5- Choose add beam or use structure wizard to use the STAAD template for simple structure. 6- Finish.

Step 5

Step 6

7- Choose the plane of axis (X-Y). 8- In construction lines, choose x-right to be 1 with spacing 10m any right 1 with spacing 0m (simple beam). 9- Snap beam between the two shown nodes. Step7 Step 8

Snap beam between the two nodes

10- Assign supports pinned for the beam from support page icon as below.

Use create button to choose pinned support

Support page icon

Assign pin support to beam ends

Define separate load cases for all the cases of loading from the load page icon. 12. temperature . rotate or mirror. live. to avoid this define the concentrated load from member load.etc) to enable the STAAD to recognize the type of load implemented.Note: for the use of auto load combination. define the load cases from DL.11. 13.Note: When assigning concentrated load force. . this force will not be copy. wind…etc.From the primary load. must define the loading type correctly (dead. LL. wind. Primary Load No. Loading type Load page Load type Add to assign 14. Finishes.

.Assign all the different loads on the beam element.Note: Finishes and superimposed load is to be added to dead load case in case for adopting the automatic load combination to use the load type dead load (no loading type named finishes.Member load concentrated force load value Distance of load on the beam 15. has to be defined as dead). 16.Define the load combinations manual or auto combination. 17.

Combination Define (manual) Comb. No. Combination title Available load cases Factor multiple to the load cases .

00) Generate load button Load comb.1:1 1.1 : case load number1 X factor equal 1 . Combination code Generated load case (Example. No.Combination Auto comb.

18. Section database for rolled section Property page Define Tapered for built up section Choose rolled section .Assign the preliminary beam section profile from property page.

Perform analysis Or from below . 20.Perform analysis.19.Run.

Run analysis .

for example copy the beam by distance =6m ibn Zdirection.Use command copy and paste to create the 3d model. Beam to be copy Copy using preference point Enter copy distance use preference point .Example 2” Creating 3D model”: 1.

Link between the two copied beams using add beam icon from the toolbar as below. Add beam command between the two beams Link between the beams .2.

. Select the nodes Translation repeat command No.Use command copy/repeat to add columns.Mark the nodes which will connect to the columns. .of step Choose direction Distance Link step .Mark the link step button option to add beams between the repeated joints. .Click on the command translational repeat.Enter the distance in Y-direction with –ve sign to repeat downward.3. use repeat command as below. .

4. Supports page No support command Mark nodes .Delete the supports from the upper nodes using the toggle assign command in the support page.

To add secondary beam use the following: .Insert nodes on the beams using insert node icon then link between the nodes by add beam option.Use add beam perpendicular icon to add beams between joint and perpendicular on the front beam. . Insert node icon Add mid point Add beam between the mid point .5.Use add beam between mid points icon to add beam directly in the middle without inserting nodes. .

Add perpendicular beam icon Add beam from joint “9” perpendicular on the front beam .

Add beam at mid points icon Add the beam without adopting any new points .

Select beam to open the beside window Specification page Choose the location of the release Check moments to make the beam act as simple beam .6.Adding beam releases to the beam as shown below from the specification page.

Show the release The circle indicate the release at the beam ends (SHIFT+R) .

Click on view view management save view Click view Select view selected object only Mark the columns . . .How to save view: .TO save columns view for example.7. mark the columns.Click on view then choose view selected object only.

View management Selected columns Save view Write the view name .

To recall the view.8. click write click and choose open view choose the previous named view Click open view Open the selected view .

members.Check collinear members.etc.Check duplicated nodes. Click on tool List of checks .Check orphan nodes. & plates. . . .Other checks for plates. .9. .Check multiple structure .Check zero length members.List of checks before run the 3D model as follows: .

Click on command Loading Load List Window Load combination . (Important: check at that load list command is after per form analysis command).Load list command for the design on combination load only.10.

Editor icon Load list after perform analysis .

Choose steel Choose code AISC ASD Click on design Define parameters .For design. click on design command on the vertical toolbar then choose the design code.11.

Define Parameters window .

CB=0 .

TRACK=2 BEAM=1 TORSION=1 .

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.Click on command as below.12.

Add UNL .13.Lateral torsion buckling unsupported length is to be written in the editor manual after the LY.

14. Space .Before the analysis change the plane order to space in the editor.

From the symbols and labels icon choose design results.15. show diagram them show value to see the design unit check on the STAAD screen. Design result Show value Show values Show diagram .

select by specifications. then select failed members.16. Select command By specification Choose all failed beam .To select the unsafe members: click on select.

The failed marked members Increase the failed beam .

choose seismic definition and click add then choose the code “UBC97”. Definitions. Definition Load page Choose UBC 1997 Seismic definition .Open load page icon.Example 3” Seismic analysis”:  Equivalent static method” UBC 1997”: 1.

0853 for steel moment resisting frame. enter the data as follows: • Zone: depend on the zone number 1. 3. braced frame.)as per table 16-N. • Near source factor Na..2.0488 for all other building as per page 2-14.Click ADD.As per the UBC tables. • Period in X and Z direction: not entered for the first run and will be adjusted after viewing the results in the upcoming steps. SC=3. 2A. & NV: to be calculated for zone4 only as per table 16-S. • CT value: constant equal 0. Click ADD after filling the above cells . 16-T.)... • Soil profile type: depend on the soil type as per the geotechnical report and from table 16-J fr soil profile types (SA=1.… • Importance factor: for ordinary building I=1 • RW in X or Z directions: depend on the resisting frame type in X or Z direction (moment resisting frame. SB=2. 2B.. & 0.

• Add member weight if any. Copy the load in the seismic line Change load format as described above .Add the loads as follows: • Self weight. • Add joint weight if any ( to be after self weight and before any other load). joint load is to be joint weight and change FY to weight as per the attached shots.( member load is to be replaced by member weight and erase GY to be UNI only.4. • NOTE: Member weight and joint weight can be taken copy and paste from the dead load and 25% of the live load (if needed) in the same formula of the member weight.

Format changed .

6.Add two new load cases for sis-x and sis-z and define the loading type (seismic) for the auto load combination.5.Return to Staad screen. Add new load cases for sis Add the new cases Define the loading type .

r.0<R<1. 9. 10. and 1.For using the IBC. Choose X Click on SIS X Calculate the factor R .t the total horizontal force. enter R=1 for zone 1 to 2B.7.5 for zone 3& 4.The factor is to be calculated from UBC page 2-13 with range 1. 8.Click on seismic x and choose Add then choose seismic.5 depending on the column shear percentage w.Repeat the above steps 7& 8 for seismic z.

Enter the editor.11. Write the above here Write the commands as indicated . and write the command perform analysis and command change under seismic X & Z manually .

The seismic is to be above all the cases. so cut and paste the two cases as below.NOTE: the seismic cases should be the first load cases above all other cases.12. .

4 Ta • If Ta > Tb then take Ta After increasing the Time re-run the model with the new T as below.Check the time Ta and Tb as below: Ta can be replaced by Tb under the below conditions: • If Tb > Ta then take Tb > 1.228 15.228. Ta X 1.4 =0. .Re-enter the T user with 0.538 then T user = 0.228 < 0.Run the model and open the output.13. 14.

Enter the new T and re-run .

Take pictures Enter the title of the sketch 3. 2.. beams numbers. loads. etc.Enter the title of the sketch in caption cell..Take pictures to view some model sketches for shown the nodes. .Example 4” How to prepare calculation sheet?”: 1.From button of “Report Setup” we can control the input / output / pictures we need to appear it in our report. moment graphs.

Available options click here to select selected options .

Control steel design output to show summary design only or design with full detail. .Control options of input / output / pictures 4.

.Steel Design menu Click here if we want Summary design output 5.We can control the picture (sketch) size & select full page option.

Picture album menu Full page option Changing sketch title Delete picture size controller .

Go to “FILE” menu.6. if you want to show outputs the model should be run and in the post processing mode. then chose “EXPORT REPORT”.To export the results to MS Word file. then “MS Word file”. 7. File Export report MS Word file .

.Click “SAVE”.8.

Click “OPEN”. .9.

.10.Report export completed to MS Word file.