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This is the concept of claytronics.HEMALATHA III/IV CSE Email:mundruhema@gmail. users .com M. computing engages a user¶s senses of sight and hearing through video and audio devices whose effects the user must integrate in his or her mind. Suppose that the person using information could interact physically with it. which is also known as programmable matter.com TIRUMALA ENGINEERING COLLEGE Abstract: Today. Through this medium. Suppose that electronic media could offer users an active form of original information that would fully integrate sight and sound and add the sense of touch for the user experience.SRIKRISHNASWATHI III/IV CSE Email:srikrishnaswathi@gmail.CLAYTRONICS M.
Also known as "programmable matter". state of being. the catoms will be sub-millimetre computers that will eventually have the ability to move around. While they bond microscopic and work together on a larger scale. 3-dimensional forms represented in the immediacy of the user¶s personal space Claytronics Catoms: With claytronics. which is similar to Modular. and electrostatically self-reconfigurable modular robots are autonomous kinematic machines with variable morphology which helps them to change their own shape deliberately by . These catoms are designed to form much larger scale machines or mechanisms. change colour. microprocessors catoms ³claytronic atoms ³). but with greater power and Introduction: Claytronics is nothing but making a machine intelligent. The catoms would bond electro-statically and be molded into different shapes when instructed by software. The idea is simple: make basic computers housed in tiny spheres that can connect to each other and rearrange themselves."claytronic atoms" or "catoms" -. Catoms can change their density. Each catom is less than a millimetre in diameter.Robotics. individually. realistic.Modular self-reconfiguring robotic systems or complexity. With billions you could make almost any object you wanted.would assemble into macro-scale objects. The vision behind this research is to provide users with tangible forms of electronic information that express the appearance in actions of original sources. communicate with each others. millions of tiny individual devices -. a revolutionary 3-dimensional display of information. energy levels. The clay would be made out of millions called of tiny (for disconnecting as they move.Catoms are described as being similar in nature to a nanomachine. each less than a millimeter wide. and other characteristics using thought alone.would engage with information in rearranging the connectivity of their parts. connecting and technology combines nano-robotics and large-scale computing to create synthetic reality.
and they can be moved using electrostatic engineering forces. actuation. its half as many is half as useful. The forms made up of catoms could morph into nearly any object. researchers important than gravity so they¶re using helium filled cubes to test how catoms will work when gravity is no longer the dominate force. They can latch together and recognize when they are latched. electrical or optical stimulation may be referred to as programmable matter. robots capable of self- .Through hardware projects. Claytronics has already made centimetre sized cylindrical catoms that have basic features.Catoms will be so small that electric forces will be more Claytronics Hardware: In hardware. even replicas of human beings for virtual meetings. energy. In a single cubic meter. sensing and communication. storage.Programmable matter and fungible computers will allow you to ³pour out´ as much computer as you need to solve a problem. ³fungibility´ anything which is fungible. they would be. And if the computer was separated into sections. Right now. not only is twice as many twice as useful. That same cubic meter of a billion Programmable matter: Any physical substance whose properties (or apparent properties) can be adjusted precisely and repeatedly through catoms is essentially a network of a billion computers. nanoscale modular assembly. That means a billion computers trying to talk to each other and move themselves to form a shape.Programmers have to create a system where catoms can communicate wirelessly over relatively long ranges and with little power. there could be a billion catoms. Programmable matter is an ensemble of material that contains sufficient local computation.That¶s a lot of computational power ± more than enough to organize it into different shapes. It¶s a daunting task but it¶s helped by a great concept known as investigate the effects of scale on microelectro-mechanical systems and model concepts for manufacturable. the overall computing power would still be the same. The amount of computational strength you need would be matched by a physical quantity in the real world. computers are not fungible.connect to other catoms to form different shapes. With programmable matter. which can be programmed to form different and dynamic shapes configurations.
The tubes are fabricated Catoms created from this research to populate claytronic ensembles will be less than a millimetre in size which is highly challenging task and involves the concepts that cross the frontiers of computer science.and electrical forces that affect nanoscale robots. Such devices are designed to test concepts for sub-millimetre scale modules and to elucidate crucial effects of the physical buffers. . as double-layer planar structures in 2D using standard photolithography. The millimetre scale catom consists of a tube and a High voltage CMOS die attached inside the tube. The tubes have electrodes for power transfer and actuation on the perimeter. a storage capacitor. claytronics hardware operates from macro-scale designs with devices that are much larger than the tiny modular robots that set the goals of this engineering research. a simple logic unit. The high voltage CMOS die is fabricated separately and is manually wire bonded to the tube before release. The chip includes an AC-DC converter. modular robotics and systems nanotechnology. and output At the current stage of design. Millimetre Scale Catoms: Realizing high-resolution applications that Claytronics offers millimetre-scale catoms that are electrostatically actuated and self contained are proposed. The difference in thermal stress created in the layers during the fabrication processes causes the 2D structures to bend into 3D tubes upon release from the substrate.
By this mechanism. The capacitive couple. which is then converted to DC power by the chip. an AC signal is generated on the coupling electrodes of the tube. . Powering Catoms with Magnetic Coupling: As a potential means for providing power to catoms without using electrical Resonant performance criteria: accurate and fast engagement. the capacitive coupling. The powered chip then generates voltage on the actuation electrodes sequentially. latches of a Cube integrate with latches on adjacent Cubes for construction of larger shapes. Through stability.The catom moves on a power grid (the stator) that contains rails which carry high voltage AC signals. which forms the electrostatic latch. a strong binding electrostatic force and close spacing of modules within an ensemble to create structural Planar Catoms: The self-actuating. The Cube extends and contracts six electrostatic latching devices on stem assemblies. connections wireless power transfer via magnetic resonant coupling in a system with a large source coil and either one or two small receivers are used.This micro-electro- Cubes: A lattice-style modular robot. emphasizes several mechanical device thus presents a model for a type of robotic self-assembly of complex structures at both macro and micro scales. provides within an ensemble of Cubes not only adhesion and structural stability but also the transmission of power and communication. which resembles a box with starbursts flowering from six sides. facile release and firm. strong adhesion while Cube latches clasps one module to another. Its geometry enables reliable coupling of modules. The design of a cube. creating electric fields that push the tube forward. provides a base of actuation for the electrostatic latch (which is the binding designed to build a matrix). the 22cubic-centimeter Cube. Resonance between source achieved with and load coils is lumped capacitors terminating the coils. cylinder-shaped planar catom tests concepts of motion.
power distribution. one that cooperates with other small helium catoms to fulfil a set of unique instructions. data transfer and communication that will be eventually incorporated into ensembles of nanoscale robots.Stochastic Catoms integrate .Giant Helium Catoms provide a larger-than-life. using a natural force to actuate a simple device.Cubes employ electrostatic latches to demonstrate the functionality of a device that could be used in a system of lattice-style selfassembly at both the macro and nanoscale. perhaps none is greater than the creation of algorithms and programming language to organize the actions of millions of sub-millimetre scale catoms in a claytronics ensemble. So it is necessary to develop complete structure of software resources for the creation and robots. random motion with global objectives communicated in simple computer language to form predetermined patterns.Electrostatic latches model a new system of binding and releasing the connection between modular robots. It operates on a two-dimensional plane in small groups of two to seven modules On a whole Planar catoms test the concept of motion without moving parts and the design of force effectors that create cooperative of motion within modular structures. It provides a test bed for the architecture of micro-electro-mechanical systems for self-actuation in modular robotic devices. lighter-than-air platform to explore the relation of forces when electrostatics has a greater effect than The planar catom is approximately 45 times larger in diameter than the gravity on a robotic device. a connection that creates motion and transfers power and data while employing a small factor of a powerful force. an effect simulated with a modular robot designed for self-construction of macro-scale millimetre scale catom for which its work is a bigger-than-life prototype. Software Research: In a domain of research defined by many of the greatest challenges facing ensembles computer scientists and robotic engineers today.
unprecedented computing Conclusion: The big question is when will claytronics be available? This Technology will change the world when it is ready. these tiny robots would provide capacity computing resources connected through the Internet. an ensemble of catoms with a physical volume of one cubic meter could contain 1 billion catoms.cs.Images from: images.Carnegie Mellon University official site:www. Because of its vast number of individual computing nodes.google. the matrix invites comparison with the worldwide reservoir of concentration of computational power within a small space.co.com. Computing in parallel. a medium that not only distributes data around the globe but also enables nodes on the network to share work from remote locations.cs.in 3. 2.www. Other information from: www. For example.wikipedia.edu. A notable characteristic of a claytronic matrix is its huge within a space not much larger than a standard packing container.edu .cmu.in and www.operation of the densely distributed network of robotic nodes in a claytronic matrix.cmu.co.but manufactures of 3D printers have nothing to fear in the short term from programmable matter References: 1.google.
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