Difference between hydrostatic bearing and hydrodynamic bearing?

Hydrostatic 1) For pressurized supply of fluid an external pressure supply is used 2) Speed is less 3) Design of bearing house is complicated 4) Initial cost is high 5) Load carrying capacity is high 6) It can be used as air bearings. hydrodynamic 1) Pressure for fluid supply is produced by relative moving motion of the parts 2) The cost is less 3)Design of bearing house is less complicated 4) speed is high 5) Load carrying capacity is less 6) Cannot be used as air bearings.

001 to 0.typical values are 0. and lubricant flow. pumping power. A constant gap is maintained for a given recess pressure and bearing load. supply pressure. pads can be treated separately.002 in. Pressure is maintained in the recess by fluid pumped through a flow restrictor. To estimate performance. Most hydrostatic systems (thrust or journal bearings) use several evenly spaced pads so nonsymmetrical load distributions can be handled. The pressure lifts the rotor until flow out of the recess and over the land equals flow in. a gap (or film thickness) is assumed -. The pressure pads in hydrostatic bearings carry the load. Pressurizing pump power can be estimated from the product of pad pressure and total flow through the pads. For an estimate of lubricant flow rate. 2002 Designing hydrostatic bearings is more complex than for self-acting types because of the greater number of components requiring design decisions.Hydrostatic Bearings NOVEMBER 15. A flow restrictor is necessary to provide a pressure drop between the supply manifold and the pad recesses to ensure pressure requirements in any given pad never exceed supply . An alternative design is to connect a fluid displacement pump (gear or vane type) directly to each pocket without flow restriction. Design of flow restrictors influences bearing stiffness. The gap establishes the volume of fluid pumped through the bearing.

and variable-flow restrictor. the gap decreases somewhat on the loaded side and flow from the pad there decreases. . A bearing with restrictors is called a "compensated bearing. The variable-flow restrictor provides a stiffer bearing system.pressure. The first two are fixed-flow restrictors. supply pressure. Hydrostatic bearing design requires adjustment of a number of parameters including pad geometry. This results in an increase in loadedpad pressure and a decrease in pad pressure on the opposite side. pressure in all the pads is equal and lower than pump pressure." Action of the restrictors is such that if the thrust load is centered. Three compensators are used in hydrostatic bearings -orifice. restrictor size. the third is a valve which automatically adjusts flow as it senses pressure differentials between pads. Sizing of the orifice or capillary for optimum performance is an essential part of the design of a compensated hydrostatic bearing. If the load is off center. capillary. and journal bearing clearance to optimize performance. so the runner automatically seeks a nearly level attitude. but is more expensive than fixed-flow restrictors.