Electronic spreadsheet (computer science) A type of computer software for performing mathematical computations on numbers arranged in rows and

columns, in which the numbers can depend on the values in other rows and columns, allowing large numbers of calculations to be carried out simultaneously. http://www.answers.com/topic/electronic-spreadsheet A spreadsheet is a computer application that simulates a paper, accounting worksheet. It displays multiple cells that together make up a grid consisting of rows and columns, each cell containing alphanumeric text, numeric values or formulas. A formula defines how the content of that cell is to be calculated from the contents of any other cell (or combination of cells) each time any cell is updated. Spreadsheets are frequently used for financial information because of their ability to re-calculate the entire sheet automatically after a change to a single cell is made. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spreadsheet A worksheet is a sheet of paper, or on a computer, on which problems are worked out or solved and answers recorded. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Worksheet

A "cell" can be thought of as a box for holding a datum. A single cell is usually referenced by its column and row (A2 would represent the cell below containing the value 10). Usually rows are referenced in decimal notation starting from 1, while columns use 26-adic bijective numeration using the letters A-Z as numerals. Its physical size can usually be tailored for its content by dragging its height or width at box intersections (or for entire columns or rows by dragging the column or rows headers). My Spreadsheet A B C D 01 value1 value2 added multiplied 02 10 20 30 200 An array of cells is called a "sheet" or "worksheet". It is analogous to an array of variables in a conventional computer program (although certain unchanging values, once entered, could be considered, by the same analogy, constants). In most implementations, many worksheets may be located within a single spreadsheet. A worksheet is simply a subset of the spreadsheet divided for the sake of clarity. Functionally, the spreadsheet operates as a whole and all cells operate as global variables within the spreadsheet ('read' access only except its own containing cell).

scroll bars and menus. A cell containing a formula therefore has two display components. In the following section. Excel is easy to use. to make calculations and to manage a database.org/wiki/Spreadsheet Formulas A formula identifies the calculation needed to place the result in the cell it is contained within. you can perform many types of financial. formulas usually begin with = sign.org/wiki/Spreadsheet 1.wikipedia. it has helpful tools that effectively and quickly perform calculations that may have seemed impossible. Introduction Excel is an electronic spreadsheet that enables you to create worksheets for data entry.things like buttons. or it may simply be left empty. we will refer to this window as the main EXCEL screen. . With Excel. otherwise it contains the result of the calculation. The formula is normally only shown when the cell is selected by "clicking" the mouse over a particular cell. By convention. the formula itself and the resulting value. we will explain each of these parts. a window will appear.A cell may contain a value or a formula. MS-Excel Environment Whenever you start MS-Excel. Notice the many similarities between WORD and EXCEL . http://en.wikipedia. statistical or logical calculations. 2. From now on. http://en. It is important to know each part of the main EXCEL screen. Excel is also a useful tool when preparing graphs detailing the results of your calculations.

It may be faster to choose options and execute tasks with the tools on this bar. but not all of the options are available. When working with a minimized screen. If the file has not yet been saved. insert graphs. the title bar will display the words Book 1. The title bar: The title bar indicates the title of the program you are using and the file that is currently open. you can open as many windows as you like and still be able to identify them easily. 3. called a "drop-down menu.1. you can perform calculations." 4. an indicator pops up to specify that button's function.The tool bar: This bar. The active worksheet can be maximized by clicking the button. The active worksheet window: In this part of the main EXCEL screen. 2. Clicking any one of these menus reveals a list of options. allows you to access certain options found in the menu bars. enter your data etc. This way. . which contains what we call Quick buttons. This bar will display the name of your file or the words Book 1 if you have not yet saved the file. You will still have to use the menus to access commands that are not available through the tool bar. The menu bar: All available EXCEL options are found here. Whenever you minimize your worksheet. When you position and hold the pointer over a button on the tool bar. a title bar will appear. each window has its own title.

since you can have up to 256 pages in one folder of directory.squ. The address zone indicates the location of the cursor on your worksheet (the cell address). and certain keys on the keyboard. The scroll bar: There are two of scroll bars.edu. or by dragging the square in the scroll bar to move up or down. The dimensions of columns and rows can be adjusted to suit the needs of your worksheet.). You can use the scroll bars by clicking the arrows that point up. Each cell in a worksheet has its own address. the row's identifier is to its left. AA=27. Cells: A cell is an intersection of a column and a row. 9. if you are modifying text. The address of a cell is always expressed using this syntax: the column followed by the row (AA789. AB=28 etc. down. The data entry zone is where you input the information that is to appear in a cell. Status bar: This bar displays information on the selected function.384 rows of data. This first is vertical and it is used to scroll up and down across the rows. Column and row: A worksheet is composed of 256 columns and 16. They allow you to switch identifiers: from one page to another.5.. 10. the word EDIT is displayed. Each column is identified by a letter (A=1.. For example.Z=26. 8. 6. B=2. http://web.om/agr/depts/do/courses/comp2001/module4.html In Excel different mouse pointers perform different tasks. BC6789 etc. Cross Pointer Used for selecting ranges of cells Used to copy cell contents to adjacent cells Used to move cell contents Fill Handle Arrow Pointer Resizing Arrows Used to change column widths . The formula This bar contains two distinct sections: the address zone and the data bar: entry zone. while the second is horizontal and is used to scroll back and forth across the columns. A column's identifier is above it. 7. Page These indicate which worksheet is active. left or right. the status of the program. the intersection of the first column and the first row has the address A1. For example.) and rows are identified by numbers.

ht ml .com/excel/2007/foundation/creating_a_workbook/mouse_pointers.Resizing Arrows Cursor Used to change row heights Used to edit cell contents in Formula Bar http://computergaga.