Rabindranath Tagore (1861-1941

Leena Elsa Oommen PCER Panvel

Life Sketch ● Family Background ● Born in calcutta ● 14th and youngest son of Maharishi Devandranath ● Tagore family was well known for their progressive & enlightened views ● Asia’s first nobel prize winner ● Poet Philosopher & Painter ● Academic Background ● Received his early education at home from a private tutor ● Studied Upanishads, astrology & Sanskrit from his father ● Went to England to study law. Developed a good taste in English Literature ● Established shanthi Niketan at Bolpur in 1901 ● Burst into international fame when his book “Gitanjali” won the Nobel prize for literature in 1913 ● Shanthi Nikethan grew into a world university called Viswa Bharati His Philosophy of life

His Philosophy ● Believed in Vedas ● Viewed that God is one and He is the creator of man as well as nature ● Believed in brotherhood of Man, Fatherhood of God and in the need for universal religion ● Individualist ● Idealist ● Spiritualist ● Humanist ● Internationalist

Educational Philosophy Practical Educationalist 3 sources of knowledge ● Nature ● Life ● Teacher School should not be factories, but should provide a free atmosphere to have close contact with nature & universe Self-government should be practiced in school First hand knowledge from mother “Nature” – Nature is the greatest of all educators
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Basic Principles of Tagore Philosophy ● Harmony with all things ● Highest Education – To make our life in harmony with nature, human surroundings & international relations ● Principles of freedom ● During education, child should enjoy full freedom.

● Object of freedom – Freedom from ignorance. freedom from passion & prejudice .

So education should be under natural surroundings Education as enlightenment . music drawing as education should promote creative self-expression. crafts. tolerance. ● Harmony with Environment ● The educand should know his environment & create harmony with it ● Development of international attitude ● Tagore vision was that an individual should develop to the fullest extend & then he should contribute his best to the promotion of international welfare. God reveals himself through nature more effectively than through man● made institutions.Education unfold all that is good and noble in the individual ● ● ● He was against the then system of education which snatched the child from the laps of nature Education as a developmental process ● Education is the development of the whole man Education as harmony ● Highest education is not merely giving information. he prescribed various physical activities.● ● Principles of creative expression ● Tagore gave important place to arts. against bookish knowledge ● Intellectual Development ● Main emphasis on the power of thinking and the power of imagination ● Moral & Spiritual Development ● Emphasized that education should be to promote moral & spiritual development of the child ● Education should teach children self-discipline. For this. Active communication with nature & man Concept of Education He was against the then system of education which snatched the child from the laps of nature According to Tagore. but makes our life in harmony with all existence Shantiniketan and Viswa Bharati ● Ravindranath Tagore started this school in 1901 ● Later developed into Viswa Bharati University ● Characteristics ● No distinction of caste and creed ● Co-education of residential institution ● Self-governing institution ● Based on the concept of freedom of the mind ● Mother tongue as the medium of instruction ● Well-equipped library ● ● Rabindranath Tagore started this school in 1901 Later developed into Viswa Bharati University Aims of Education ● Physical Development ● Healthy mind lives in a healthy body. inner freedom etc. Curriculum .

affection. Subjects in curriculum ● Natural Sciences ● Dance ● Mathematics ● Religion ● Language Literature ● Social Sciences ● Technology ● Agriculture & subjects ● Music ● Philosophy ● Arts Activities in curriculum ● Gardening ● Social Service ● Self-Government ● Drawing ● Painting ● Agriculture ● Dancing ● Dramatics ● Music ● Games/Sports Curriculum ● Actual living & Community Service Life is practical in his school All are active members of the community and has to render service and manual labor.● ● ● ● ● Tagore emphasizes the need for a broad based curriculum Covers all the aspects of child’s life A curriculum based on activities and broad experiences in real life situation is necessary Together with various subjects. sympathy and consideration ● Help students to learn by his own ● A lamp can never light another lamp unless it continues to burn its own flame ● A teacher should not stop learning. Nature Study. but must have a learning attitude . Field Study. through excursion ● Debate & Discussion ● Heuristic Method ● Activity Method Teacher ● Very important place for teacher ● Guru who guides students to right track ● A person who behaves with the child with great love. Method of Teaching ● Teaching while walking i. History. Laboratory work. Geography.e. Agriculture are taught with Gardening. different types of co-curicular activities should be there. Arts etc.

it was done in a family spirit Tagore’s contribution to Education ● Greatest Contribution – Vishwa Bharati – International University ● Attempted the revival of ancient Indian ideals of education in the modern times ● Combined what is best in western arts & sciences with the manners. customs and arts of India ● Faith in humanity ● Aesthetic development ● Education for human re-generation Relevance in Today’s Context ● Tagore’s naturalism gain significance when we are faced with ● Environmental degradation ● Need for conversation of natural resources ● Wild life ● Principles of rural construction ● Useful and practical for social development ● Useful and practical for Human resource enrichment ● Principles of internationalization ● Ideas for global perspective ● World peace ● Concept of World Family .Discipline ● Should grow from within ● School is considered to be home ● If punishment had to be resorted to. on rare occasions.

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