# Transformations III Exercices Question 1 (a) Transformation P represents a reflection at the line that passes through (0, 0) and (6, 6).

**Transformation T represents a translation
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2 . −1

(SPM Paper 2 )

**State the coordinates of the image of point (3, 2) under the following transformation: (i) T, (ii) PT, (iii) TP. [5 marks] D E B F A C
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DIAGRAM 8

Q

G (b) In Diagram 8, triangle DEC is the image of triangle ABC under a transformation V and triangle DFG is the image of triangle DEC under a transformation W. (i) (ii) (iii) Describe in full transformation V. Given that transformation W is an enlargement. State Calculate the area of triangle ABC if the area of [7 marks] Question 2

the centre and scale factor of the enlargement. quadrilateral CEFG is 24 square units.

(a) Transformation M represents a translation . Transformation P represents a reflection at the line y = 2. State the coordinates of the image of point (-3, 0) under the following transformation: (i) P, (ii) MM, (iii) PM. [5 marks]

4 1

K

J

L

DIAGRAM 9

Q G F E D O H

(b) Diagram 9 shows quadrilateral ODEF, quadrilateral OFGH and quadrilateral OLKJ which are drawn on square grids. (i) Given that transformation Q is a reflection at line OFL and transformation R is a reflection at line OHJ. If quadrilateral ODEF experiences transformation RQ, describe in full a single transformation which is equivalent to RQ. (ii) Given that quadrilateral OLKJ is the image of quadrilateral OFGH under a transformation W. (a) Describe in full transformation W. (b) Calculate the area of the shaded region if the area of quadrilateral OFGH is 12.7 square units. [7 marks] Question 3

(a) Transformation R represents a rotation of 90o in the anti-clockwise direction at point (1, 4). Transformation P represents a reflection at the line y = 2. State the coordinates of the image of point (3, 1) under the following transformation: (i) R, (ii) PR. [3 marks]

y 8 6 4

B

A D

DIAGRAM 8

Q

2

C

x

0

2

4

6

8

10

12

14

16

(b) The graph in diagram 8 shows quadrilaterals A, B, C and D. (i) Quadrilateral B is the image of quadrilateral A under a transformation V, whereas quadrilateral C is the image of quadrilateral B under a transformation W. Describe in full (a) transformation V, (b) a single transformation which is equivalent to transformation WV. (ii) Quadrilateral D is the image of quadrilateral A under a certain enlargement. (a) State the scale factor of the enlargement. (b) Find the coordinates of the centre of the enlargement. (c) If the area of quadrilateral A is 7.5 square units, calculate the area of quadrilateral D. [9 marks]