Kannada alphabet


Hear a recording of these letters by  (Chethan)


A selection of conjunct consonants


Sample text in Kannada

'Kannada' is one of the oldest Dravidian languages and is spoken in its various dialects by roughly 45 million people. Kannada is one of the official languages of India and is the state official language of the state of Karnataka.

But from epigraphical evidence it can be surmised that the spoken Kannada language evolved much earlier than the Halmidi inscription (c. and Tamil. with the Kannada writing system being in use for about the last 1500 years. Ranna ( born 949 A. as opposed to one phoneme in languages like English.D. 930 A.) is believed to be the earliest literary work in Kannada. is far more than the 52 characters in the alphabet.) and special prose work like (Waddaa-raa-dhu-nae )(c. Geographic distribution Kannada is mainly spoken in Karnataka in India. however. back to 'Kavirajamarga'. owing to the fact that different characters can be combined to form compound characters (ottaksharas). Kannada language has a rich heritage. By the 10th century Kannada had its greatest ancient poets like Pampa (born 902 A. There are significant Kannada speaking populations in the United States and the UK. Transliteration .D. The written form is more or less constant throughout Karnataka.D. Early History Perhaps being the oldest language next to Sanskrit. Spoken Kannada tends to vary from region to region.D. It is a treatise on poetics or a guide to poets indicating that Kannada was a fully developed literary language when Kavirajamarga (cu-ve-raa-jamaarga) was composed. There is also a sharp distinction between the spoken and written forms of Kannada. The character set is almost identical to that of other Indian languages. It refers to earlier linguists and poets whose works are not forthcoming. or symbols that attach to various letters. 450 A. But since none of the earlier works have survived. 'Kavirajamarga' ( ) of king Nripatunga (9th century A. Each written symbol in the Kannada script corresponds with one syllable.) indicating that classical Kannada literature had fully evolved at least one or two centuries earlier. Prakrit.D.).D. The script itself is fairly complicated like most other languages of India owing to the occurrence of various combinations of "half-letters". we have to stick to the established norm that written Kannada came into vogue by the 5th century A. The ethnologue identifies about 20 dialects of Kannada.Kannada language has been spoken for about 2000 years. however. The number of written symbols. Kannada Alphabet The language has 52 characters in its alphabet and is phonetic. and to a lesser extent in the neighboring states.).

These include ITRANS. Basic Character Set .Several transliteration schemes are used to type Kannada characters using a standard keyboard. The Government of Karnataka standard for Kannada transliteration is the Nudi transliteration scheme. Baraha and Nudi.


(I know English) Nanage C++ gottilla. (This is chair) Adu meju.) Idu baagilu. (I don’t know C++) Nanage tea ishta. (I like tea. (you come here) Neevu illi banni. Also they / those people He / She. Adu kitaki. (This is table) Idu namma mane. (You are a student) Namma desha Bharata. (My name is Ramu) Nanage English gottu. (That is the window) Idu kurchi. Handout (Simple Words) KANNADA WORD Naanu Neenu Namma Nimma Yaaru Yaavaga Yelli Avaru ENGLISH WORD Me / I am You Ours Yours Who When Where He / She (with respect). (Our country is Bharata). (I am a software engineer) Neenu student.Kannada Kali Session-1. (This is the door). (He / She is a teacher) Ivaru students. (you come here) Neenu illige hege bande? (How did you come here?) Ivaru Ooru Hesaru Gottu Gottilla Ishta Baagilu Kitaki Kurchi Meju Mane Baa Banni Hege . Nimma ooru Bangalore. This person / these people Place / hometown Name Know Don’t know Like Door Window Chair Table House Come Come(with respect) How SIMPLE SENTENCE Naanu software engineer. (This is my house) Neenu illi baa. (These people are students) Nanna ooru Mysore. (Your home town is Bangalore) Teacher yaaru? (Who is the teacher?) Class yaavaga? (When is the class?) Ramu yelli? (Where is Ramu?) Avaru teacher. (My place is Mysore) Nanna hesaru Ramu.

(Book is there) Illi nodu (See here) Bega baa. (I want pencil) Nanage idli beda. (Stop there) Eega neenu baa. (Come now) Aaga maLe banthu. (I do not want Idli) Neenu hogu / Neevu hogi. I need it) Nanna hesaru Suresha alla.Kannada Kali Session-2. (You go) Avanu hoda / Avaru hodaru. adu nanage beku. (It rained then) Adu Yaake Yenu Houdu Alla Beku Beda Hogu / Hogi Hoda / Hodaru HodaLu / Hodaru Banda / Bandaru BandaLu / Bandaru Alli Illi Baa / Banni Thago / Thagolli KeLu / keLi HeLu / HeLi OLage Horage Nilli Eega Aaga That Why What Yes Not Want Do not want Go / wrp (he) Went / wrp (she) Went / wrp (he) Came / wrp (she) Came / wrp There Here Come / wrp Take / wrp Listen / wrp Tell / wrp Inside Outside Stop Now Then . (She went) Avanu banda / Avaru bandaru. (He went) AvaLu hodaLu/ Avaru hodaru. (It is raining outside) Alli nilli. Handout (Simple Words) KANNADA WORD Idu ENGLISH WORD This / It SIMPLE SENTENCE Idu pustaka. (it is my pen) Adu nanna mane (that is my house) Neenu yaake allige hode? (why did you go there?) Idu yenu? (What is this?) Houdu. (She came) Alli pustaka ide. (Come fast) Pen thago (Take the pen) Nanna maathu kelu (Listen to me) Nanage kathe helu (Tell me a story) Olage yenu ide? (What is inside?) Horage maLe ide. (this is book) Idu nanna pennu. (Yes. (My name is not Suresh) Nanage pencil beku. (He came) Avalu bandalu / Avaru bandaru.

Handout (Relations & Wishes) Relations KANNADA WORD amma appa maga magalu aNNa tamma akka tangi ajja ajji ganda hendathi maava atte aLiya sose chikkappa chikkamma doddappa doddamma ENGLISH WORD Mother Father Son Daughter Elder brother Younger brother Elder sister Younger sister Grandfather Grandmother Husband Wife Uncle / Father in law Aunt / Mother in law Son in law Daughter in law Father’s younger brother or mother’s younger sister’s husband Mother’s younger sister or father’s younger brother’s wife Father’s elder brother or mother’s elder sister’s husband Mother’s elder sister or father’s elder brother’s wife .Kannada Kali Session-3.

embhatthu 90 . Vegetables. I'm late.saavira 1. Sorry.00.00.entu 9 .hadhinaalku 15 .eradu 3 .hadhinaidhu 16 .hatthu 11 .000 .hannondhu 12 .hadhinentu 19 . Good night. Thank you. Good morning.hadhinELu 18 .koti .aaru 7 .mooru 4 . Handout (Numbers.ippatthu 30 .aravatthu 70 . 000 .aidhu 6 . Congratulations.eppatthu 80 . 00. Colors) Numbers 1 .nalvatthu 50 .aivatthu 60 .ombhatthu 10 . Please. Kannada Kali Session-4. How do you do? Very well.hadhinaaru 17 .ondhu 2 .hatthombatthu 20 . Fruits.moovatthu 40 . Welcome. thada ayitu.hadhimooru 14 .Wishes KANNADA WORD Namaskaara Shubhadina Shubharaatri Hogi barutheeni Dayavittu Dhanyavada Hege Iddira? Chennagi Iddini Susvaagatha ShubashayagaLu Kshamisi.thombatthu 100 . ENGLISH WORD Good day.naalku 5 .laksha 1.nooru 1000 . Goodbye.ELu 8 .hanneradu 13 . thank you.

Vegetables KANNADA WORD ENGLISH WORD tharakaari eeruLLi beLLuLLi shunti aalu gadde badane kaayi huraLi kaayi benDe kaayi southe kaayi ele kosu hoo kosu kumbaLa kaayi donne menasinakaayi eeruLLi hoova karibevina soppu kotthambari soppu hasi menasinakaayi Vegetable Onion Garlic Ginger Potato Brinjal Beans Ladies Finger Cucumber Cabbage Cauliflower Pumpkin Capsicum Spring Onion Bay leaves Coriander leaves Green Chillies .

Fruits KANNADA WORD ENGLISH WORD Sebu BaaLe haNNu kitthaLe haNNu maavina haNNu dhraakshi sapota halasina haNNu seetha phala seebe haNNu kallangadi haNNu daaLimbe haNNu nimbe haNNu Anaanas Apple Banana Orange Mango Grapes Chikku Jack fruit Custard Apple Guava Water Melon Pomogranate Lemon Pine apple .

Colors KANNADA WORD ENGLISH WORD neeli Kempu biLi kappu hasiru haLadi / harishiNa kesari / kitthaLe nEraLe kaaki gulaabi Blue Red White Black Green Yellow Orange Purple Brown Pink / Rose .

raavaNanannu Avaninda baaNadinda Marakke.avanalli Communicating Ramaa / Calling KrishnanE maragaLiraa . aNNandhiru SENTENCES Raamanu raavaNanaanu Konda Avanu officege hoda.Kannada Kali Session-5. nanna koogu keLi!!! Sapthami Sambhodane Alli E. iraa Avana Within. andhiru Appx. Dwitheeya Annu Second person reference Third person or through / from Avanannu. Handout (Case Terminations) VIBHAKTI NAME Prathama VIBHAKTI FORM U. Bengaloorige Ramanigoskara Seethegaagi Raamana dheseyindha Nanna. igoOskara. Avanige. Ge. aa. an Mine / it’s Nanna hesaru guru Maneyalli yaaroo ilva? Ramaa baa illi KrishnanE kooru illi maragaLiraa. ige. Truteeya Inda Chaturti kke. MEANING First Person Reference WORDS Avanu. raamanu. igaagi To Panchami (naDu gannada) shashTi deseyindha from A. There Maneyalli . Nannannu kaapaadi Raamanu raavaNanannu baaNadinda kondanu Naanu nenne bengaloorige hoagiddhe.

hauda? . neevu software engineera? Entha is a character probing question? Ex: idu entaa haNNU? (Answer could be oLLE haNNu or ketta haNNU).yaaru + aadaroo = yaaraadaroo (Any one) yelli + aadaroo = yellaadaroo hege + aadaroo = hegaadaroo…. . one can frame a question. Alva?. the meaning changes drastically. Ex :. Ex:. Aadaroo (Even then) when combined with questioning works. ilva?.By adding ‘a’ to the end.

Handout (Verbs) Serial No 1 2 3 4 5 6 Kannada Word nODu Odhu kuDi ODu koDi niddhe English Word To See To Read To Drink To Run To Give To Sleep Past Tense nODdhe Odhidhe kuDdhe ODidhe kotte niddhe maaDdhe naDdhe haaDdhe kuNidhe iLidhe bardhe Kondhe konDe hatthide nakkde Ogidhe heLde keLde muTTdhe oDidhe ODisde Shuru maaDde atthe Maaride Sothe Present Tense nODtha-idhini Odhtha-idhini kuDitha-idhini ODtha-idhini koDtha-idhini niddhe maaDthaidhini naDitha-idhini haaDtha-idhini kuNitha-idhini iLitha-idhini Baritha-idhini kolltha-idhini koLLuthaidhini hath-tha-idhini nakktha-idhini Ogitha-idhini heltha-idhini keltha-idhini muTTta-idhini oDitha-idhini ODisithaidhini Shuru maaDthidhini aLtha-idhini Maartha-idhini Solutha-idhini Future Tense nODthini Odhthini kuDithini ODthini koDthini niddhe maadthini naDithini haaDthini kuNithini iLithini barithini kollthini koLLthini hath-thini nagthini Ogithini helthini Kelthini MuTTtini oDithini ODisthini Shuru maaDthini aLuthini Maarthini Soluthini 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 naDi haaDu kuNi iLi bari kollu koLLu hatthu nagu Ogi heLu keLu muTTu oDi ODisu Shuru aLu Maaru Solu To Walk To Sing/ Song To Dance To get down To Write To Kill To Buy To Climb To Laugh To Wash To Say To Ask To Touch To break To Drive To Strart To Cry To Sell To loose 26 Gellu To Win Gedde Geltha-idhini gelthini .Kannada Kali Session-6.

hidi To stand .Oodu To walk .ninthu Phrases I.Kannada Kali Session-7. I want to “Phrase" Most scenarios while commuting involve communicating our intention to the opposite person. illa naanu 10 rupayee extra kododilla (No. infosys bus illi baruthe.Hogu naanu officige hoguthene naanu trekking baruthene naanu marathon ooduthene naanu dina yeradu km nadeyuthene naanu infosys bus hidiyuthene niinu bus stand alli ninthu kondiru To come . (Yes. Nanage < something> beku naanu <place>ge <action> beku Note: When referring to a living thing use “theera”. infosys bus comes here) Illa – extra) to say no.Ba To run . When referring to a non living thing use “tha” II. Replying Remember when replying use houdu – to say yes. I shall not pay 10 Rs . Handout (Workshop 1) COMMUTING Important Verbs To go .nade To catch . Houdu.

Bere kodi (This tomato is not nice.Backward/ Behind SHOPPING Important Verbs Sl No Verb 1 Buy To <verb> Kondu kollu Tagedu kollu Past verb Kondu konde Tagedu konde Will buy Kindu kolluthene Tagedu kolluthene Am buying Kondu kollu tha idene Tagedu Kollu tha idene 2 Take Words for shopping Beda . Give me another) . Bere kodi (I don’t want this pen.nanage ii pen beda. Give me another) Beku .Ayithu – to say over. Please pack it) Bere .Right eDa .ii tomato chennagilla.nanage aa dress beku. Words Indicating direction bala . Naanu ticket padedu ayithu (I have taken the ticket) Agilla – to say not over.Forward/ Ahead hinde . Pack maadi (I want that dress.Left munde .

idu thumba jyasthi ayithu.change Duddu . Note the differences between the following. This is more than I need) Kammi .MONEY Important Words Chillare . ( I don’t need so much. Idu thumba kammi ayithu (Give me some more this is too little) Phrases Yeshtu usage Typicall usage will be Idu ( pointing at something) yeshtu – how much is this.ishtu beda. Jyasthi .innu solpa kodi.numbers that were discussed in previous class. Yeshtu – how much Ishtu – this much Ashtu – that much .money Numbers .

172 hogthe Mundina bussu yaavaga baruthe? Innu ardha ghante aguthe 171 bus Wilson garden mele/inda? Hogutha? Illa. They come here Which buses will go? When will the next bus come? It will take half an hour more Will 171 go through Wilson garden? No 171 will 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Scenario 2: Inside the bus Sl no 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Kannada version Majestic ge ondu ticket kodi Aidu rupayi aguthe Majestic bandare dayavittu thilisi Majestic innu yeshtu doora ide? Innu nalakku stop Ide majestic stopa? Houdu. Illi baruthe Yaava bussu hoguthe? 171. Thank you I have to go to majestic. bari 172 matra hoguthe English Translation Where is the nearest bus stand? It’s straight ahead.COMMUTING IN A LOCAL BUS Scenario 1: Searching the Bus Stand. Majestic ge hoguva bussu illi barutha? Houdu. Sl no 1 2 3 4 Kannada version Illi hattirada bus stand yelli ide? Munde ide Dhanya vaada Naanu majestic ge hoga beku. This is majestic . Ide majestic English Translation One ticket to majestic please It will be 5 rupees Please let me know when majestic comes How much further is majestic 4 more stops Is this majestic stop? Yes. Will buses going to majestic come here? Yes.

Barutheera? 100 rupayee aguthe Illa meter ashte koduthene Ayithu kulithu kolli Wilson garden alli right thagoli Munde left thagoli Yenu meter ishtu agide alla! Naanu dina baruthene – 40 rupees asthe aguvudu. Please sit down Take a right at Wilson garden Take a left ahead.. but your tomatoes are good Ok give 13 rupees Ok give me 2 kgs English Translation I want to go to majectic will you come It will be 100 rupees I will pay as per the meter Ok. Illa illa bere kade ella 10 rupaye..Scenario 3: Asking an auto driver Sl no 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Kannada version Majestic ge hoga beku. What the meter is showing so much! I come daily and I pay only 40 – I shall pay the same Ok give me 45 Take 8 9 6 7 . adare nimma tomato chenaagide Ayithu 13 rupayi kodi Ayithu yeradu kg kodi English Translation How much are the tomatoes? 15 rupees a kilo Make it 10 rupees No sir – this is not tomato season No no it is 10 rupees elsewhere. Naanu ashte koduthene Ayithu 45 kodi ThagoLi SHOPPING Scenario 1: Shopping for groceries Sl no 1 2 3 4 5 Kannada version Tomato yeshtu Hadinaidu rupayi kilo 10 rupayi madi kolli Illa saar – tomato season illa….

Idara bele yenu? Inoora aivathu rupaayi Illa thumba jyasthi ayithu. What is its price? 250 rupees.Scenario 2: Shopping for clothes Sl no 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Kannada version Ii shirtu chenaagide. Reduce it. Then I don’t need it. No it is too much. Illa sir fixed price Yenu riyayati illava? Illa sir onde price Beda bidi – naanu bere angadi yalli nooduthene. Allright how much will you give I will pay 200 All right take it If there are any defects then will you replace it? Yes if there are any defects then we will replace it. Ayithu yeshtu kodutheera Naanu inooru rupaayi koduthene Ayithu thagoli Yenatharu defect iddare replace mada beku Yenu defect iddaru naave bere shirt kodutheve Dhanya vaada English Translation This shirt is nice. No sir fixed price No discount is it? No sire only one price. Kammi madi kolli. Thank you . I shall shop for it in another shop.

work Tingalu .gudisu To clean utensils .months Neeru – water Mane kelasa – domestic help Aduge .toLi To mop – oresu .Kannada Kali Session-8.ogi To sweep .cook Interacting with Domestic Help / Cook Important Verbs To wash clothes .children Kelasa . Handout (Workshop 2) Interaction with House owner / Neighbors Words Mane – house / home Baadige – rent Kutumba – family Hesaru – name Pakkada maneyavaru .Neighbours Maduve – marriage MakkaLu .

water bisi – hot tarakaari – vegetable enne – oil akki – rice beLe – dal .Broom Neeru .huri To cook – aduge maadu / beyisu Words Paathre – utensil Batte – clothes Nela – floor Porake .Come – baa Go – hogu Cut – hetchu to break .odi to grind – rubbu Fry .

Interaction with House owner / Neighbor Sl no 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Kannada version Nimma hesarenu. . Maduve aagideya? MakkaLu iddaara? Nimma kutumbadalli estu janariddaare? Neevu elli kelasa maaduteeri? Manege estu baadige? Manege estu tingala advance kodabeku? Maneyalli estu roomgalu ive? Maneyalli bike / car parking ideya? Neeru supply hege idhe? Mane kelasa maaduvavaru sulabhavaagi siguttaara? Aduge maaduvavaru hattiradalli siguttaara? Hattiradalli hannu-tarakaari elli sigutthade? Pakkada maneyavara hesarenu? English Translation what is your name? Are you married? Do you have kids? How many people are there in your family? where do you work? what is the rent for the house? How many months advance should I deposit? how many rooms does the house have? do you have bike / car parking facility in the house? How is the water supply? Do we get domestic help easily? Do we get services of a cook in the vicinity? Where do we get fruits and vegetables in the vicinity ? What is the neighbour’s name? Interaction with Domestic help / Cook Sl no 1 2 3 4 5 6 Kannada version naaLe entugantege baa naaLe estu hottige kelasakke baruteeya? Ivattu nela oresabeku Nela gudisi ayta? Yaavaga paathre tholiteeya? Chennaagi batte ogiya beku English Translation come tomorrow at 8. at what time are you coming tomorrow? you have to mop the floor today Have you swept the floor? when will you clean the utensils? wash the clothes properly.

kudiyokke yenu ide? (Whats there to drink?). Handout (Workshop 3) Interaction in a restaurant Words Word oota thindi kahi khara uppu sakkare thannige bisi bega neeru bele soppu baath Chennagide chennagilla Badisu tholidu kollu Meaning Lunch/dinner Breakfast/snacks Bitter Hot/spicy Salt Sugar Cold Hot Fast Water Lentils (Daal) Greens Cooked Rice It is nice It is not nice Serve to wash Kai tholidu kollu (to wash the hands) Coffee chennagide Coffee chenagilla Usage Oota ayitha? Thindige jothe coffee kudide Coffee thumba kahiyagide Curry thumba khara Rasam nalli uppu jyasti yeardu spoon sakkare haaki Dese thannige agide Nannage bisi bisi coffee ishta Bega badisi ( serve fast ) Neeru yellide? Important Verbs and interrogatives yenu ide? . In general a question of yenu ide is like asking for the entire menu.What is there? This can prefixed to enquire menus. Examples are menu alli yenu ide (whats in the menu).Kannada Kali Session-9. Ideya – is there? This can be used when we want to ask for a specific item. Examples are coffee ideya [generic form < item > ideya?] Kodi – give .

. Enquiring for lodging Sl no 1 2 3 4 Kannada version Nimma hotel nalli double bedroom room ideya? Ondu dinakke yeshtu chargu? Single bedroom ge yeshu? Room service ideya? English Translation Dou you have double bedroom rooms in your hotel? What is the charge for a day? What’s the charge for a single bedroom? Do you have room service? . dose. Interacting with the person serving Please give these fast.Examples: yearadu coffee kodi. This dose is cold. 1 dose and 3 cups of coffee How much? 40 rupees Take it. No please give me another one.How much for two cups of coffee? Interaction with waiter/manager Sl no 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Kannada version Thindi yenu ide? Idly. This has just been prepared. ondu dose matte mooru cup coffee Yeshtu ? 40 rupaayi Thagoli Swalpa bega kodi Ii dose thannigagide bere kodi Illa saar iga madidu Illa nanage bere kodi English Translation Whats there for snacks? Idly. dose. Yeshtu – how much Examples: Yeradu cup coffee yeshtu? . and vadas Ok 2 idly. Give me another one.give me 2 cups of coffee. vade Yeradu idly. No sir.

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