Joanna Marie C.

Sanga BSA-3 Definition of Humanities Humanities is the study of the different cultural aspects of man, his frailties in life and how these can be improved. According to the dictum of a Greek philosopher Protagoras, “Man is the measure of all things,” meaning that the humanities uplift dignity and values of man and his tendencies. Culture is the disparity between man and animal; thus, to be cultured is to possess refinement in taste and manners and these include speech, knowledge, beliefs, arts, and technologies. Humanities also means understanding man and his airs rather than just a prescribed unchangeable body of accepted facts and theories. Role of Humanities in Man’s Life Humanities can regulate the type of behavior that is considered appropriate to an individual thus the teaching of humanities is essential in order for one to gain the knowledge to achieve the status of a cultured man. A cultured man is perceived as one the languages. Humanities of our time or the humanistic education of youth must ideal with the interface between social personhood and personal politics so that humanities will make art a condition of possibility, like a sword and plowshare, a spear and pruning hook. It is an active force as we pursue our life goals. Fine art or the fine arts encompass art forms developed primarily for aesthetics and/or concept rather than practical application. Art is often a synonym for fine art, as employed in the term "art gallery". Historically, the five greater fine arts were painting, sculpture, architecture, music and poetry, with minor arts including drama and dancing. Today, the fine arts commonly include the visual art and performing art forms, such as painting, sculpture, collage, decollage, assemblage,installation, calligraph y, music, dance, theatre, architecture, film, photography, conceptual art, and printmaking. However, in some institutes of learning or in museums fine art, and frequently the term fine arts (pl.) as well, are associated exclusively with visual art forms. Painting and Drawing

canvas or a wall. including cartooning. Printmaking and imaging Printmaking is the process of making artworks by printing. An artist who designs and makes mosaics is called a mosaic artist or a mosaicist. although there are a few exceptions. There are a number of subcategories of drawing. pen and ink. Comics Comics are a graphic medium in which images are utilized in order to convey a sequential narrative. sites of this kind of painting range from artwork depicting mythological figures on pottery to The Sistine Chapel to the human body itself. Comics are typically seen as a low art. called tesserae. crayons. the process is capable of producing multiples of the same pieces. stylus. wax color pencils.Drawing is a form of visual expression and is one of the major forms within the visual arts. charcoals. They can be decorative or functional. Certain drawing methods or approaches. inked brushes. Except in the case of mono typing. which is called a print. The reasoning behind this is that the print is not a reproduction of another work of art in a different medium — for instance a painting — but rather an image designed from . markers. chalk. or the surrealist method of "entopic graphomania". such as "doodling" and other informal kinds of drawing such as drawing in the fog a shower leaves on a bathroom mirror." Painting taken literally is the practice of applying pigment suspended in a carrier (or medium) and a binding agent (a glue) to a surface (support) such as paper. such as Krazy Kat[10] and Barnaby. as opposed to a copy. However. normally on paper. or various metals like silverpoint. Mosaics Mosaics are images formed with small pieces of stone or glass. Painting is also used to express spiritual motifs and ideas. pastels. In the late 20th and early 21st century there has been a movement to rehabilitate the medium. and lines are then made between the dots. may or may not be considered as part of "drawing" as a "fine art. in which dots are made at the sites of impurities in a blank sheet of paper. composition and other aesthetic considerations in order to manifest the expressive and conceptual intention of the practitioner. Common instruments include graphite pencils. Each print is considered an original. when used in an artistic sense it means the use of this activity in combination with drawing.

Fine art photography stands in contrast to photojournalism and commercial photography. though a calligrapher may create all of these. Calligraphy Calligraphy is a type of visual art. characters are historically disciplined yet fluid and spontaneous. Fine art photography is created primarily as an expression of the artist’s vision. yarn. but has also been important in advancing certain causes.inception as a print. A contemporary definition of calligraphic practice is "the art of giving form to signs in an expressive. Common types of matrices include: plates of metal. Adams is one of the most widely recognized fine art photographers of the 20th century. and was an avid promoter of conservation. In modern times each print is often signed and numbered forming a "limited edition. It focuses on the materials and on the manual labor involved as part of its significance. linoleum for linocuts and fabric in the case of screen-printing. as artist's books. Modern calligraphy ranges from functional hand-lettered inscriptions and designs to fine-art pieces where the abstract expression of the handwritten mark may or may not compromise the legibility of the letters (Mediavilla 1996). Prints are created from a single original surface. The work of Ansel Adams in Yosemite and Yellowstone provides an example. Photojournalism provides visual support for stories. An individual print is also referred to as an impression. stone. Fiber art Fiber art is a style of fine art which uses textiles such as fabric. Zapf 2007 and 2006). harmonious and skillful manner" (Mediavilla 1996: 18). A single print could be the product of one or multiple techniques. discussed below." Prints may also be published in book form. It is often called the art of fancy lettering (Mediavilla 1996: 17). Photography Fine art photography refers to photographs that are created to fulfill the creative vision of the artist. used for lithography. usually copper or zinc for engraving or etching. known technically as a matrix. Classical calligraphy differs from typography and non-classical hand-lettering. Multiple nearly identical prints can be called an edition. and natural and synthetic fibers. improvised at the moment of writing (Pott 2006 and 2005. blocks of wood for woodcuts. But there are many other kinds. While his primary focus was on . mainly in the print media.

. including Greek and Roman drama. Many sculptures together in a garden setting may be referred to as sculptured. motion in inanimate objects (the leaves danced in the wind). and certain musical genres. However. its popular usage. The majority of public art is sculpture. Sculpture Sculpture is three-dimensional artwork created by shaping hard or plastic material. Theatre Modern Western theatre is dominated by realism. figure skating and synchronized swimming are dance disciplines while martial arts kata are often compared to dances. welded. or cast. commonly stone (either rock or marble).[11] Dance Dance is an art form that generally refers to movement of the body. through its association with the Young British Artists and the Turner Prize during the 1990s. molded. In sports. Classical forms of theatre. usually rhythmic and to music. Dance is also used to describe methods of non-verbal communication (see body language) between humans or animals (bee dance.[12] used as a form of expression. developed as a synonym for all contemporary art that does not practice the traditional skills of painting and sculpture. Because sculpture involves the use of materials that can be moulded or modulated. metal. social interaction or presented in a spiritual or performance setting. built up and fired. The inception of the term in the 1960s referred to a strict and focused practice of idea-based art that often defied traditional visual criteria associated with the visual arts in its presentation as text. Another popular Western form is musical theatre. including drama and comedy. it is considered one of the plastic arts. Some sculptures are created directly by carving. or wood.photography as art. gymnastics. others are assembled. his work raised public awareness of the beauty of the Sierra Nevada and helped to build political support for their protection. Conceptual art Conceptual art is art in which the concept(s) or idea(s) involved in the work take precedence over traditional aesthetic and material concerns. particularly in the UK. patterns of behavior such as a mating dance).

In addition. Cinematography is the discipline of making lighting and camera choices when recording photographic images for the cinema. in turn. and are an important link in public consciousness. Creative. or other major studio systems. for viewing such movies. Some films have become popular worldwide attractions by using dubbing or subtitles that translate the dialogue. which reflect those cultures. A fine arts movie theater is a venue. The visual elements of cinema give motion pictures a universal power of communication. Architecture Architecture is frequently considered a fine art. though many additional issues arise when both the camera and elements of the scene may be in motion. affect them. Films are cultural artifacts created by specific cultures. and. even when scholars have discovered much about a past civilization through other means. Historical civilizations are often known primarily through their architectural achievements. and technological reasons have all contributed to the growth of the indie film scene in the late 20th and early 21st century. An independent film (or indie film) is a film initially produced without financing or distribution from a major movie studio.classic English drama including Shakespeare and Marlowe and French theater including Molière is still performed today. a source of popular entertainment and a powerful method for educating — or indoctrinating — citizens. regions and cultures continue . Cities. especially if its aesthetic components are spotlighted (in contrast to structuralengineering or construction-management components). Film is considered to be an important art form. business. performances of classic Eastern forms such as Noh and Kabuki can be found in the West. It is closely related to the art of still photography. Architectural works are perceived as cultural and political symbols and works of art. usually a building. Film Fine arts film is a term that encompasses motion pictures and the field of film as a fine art form. Such buildings as the pyramids of Egypt and the Roman Colosseum are cultural symbols. Independent filmmaking often takes place outside of Hollywood. Films are produced by recording images from the world with cameras. or by creating images using animation techniques or special effects. although with less frequency.

magic. crafts. graphic design. video. metal or paint which can be molded or transformed to create some physical art object. musicians. Jose Dans “Heaven. Earth and Hell” From Paet. comedians. design. textile arts) involve aspects of the visual arts as well as arts of other types. printmaking. music. sculpture. With religion as the impelling factor. and singers. face. Visual arts The visual arts are art forms that create works which are primarily visual in nature. No formal Laguna Schooling . interior design and decorative art. theatre. The natives were engaged in mediocre works due to lack of formal schooling. circus arts and musical theatre. and presence as a medium. Also included within the visual arts[1] are the applied arts[2] such as industrial design. The Augustinian Friars of Intramuros initiated drawing lessons that brought about better works as early as the 17th century. 1. painting. Spanish Period History has played a great part in Philippines painting and the coming of the Spaniards made an impact in the pictorial art especially with the propagation of Christianity. These definitions should not be taken too strictly as many artistic disciplines (performing arts. fashion design. and the latter uses materials such as clay. and filmmaking) and architecture. and often modern visual arts (photography. Artists who participate in performing arts in front of an audience are called performers. opera. including actors. Spoken word. conceptual art. Types of performing arts include the dance. such as ceramics. religious themes dominated painting thus giving way to secular painting where Filipinos were into genre and landscape painting. Performing arts The performing arts are those forms art which differ from the plastic arts insofar as the former uses the artist's own body. dancers. The term "performing arts" first appeared in the English language in the year 1711. drawing.to identify themselves with (and are known by) their architectural monuments. Religion influenced a great deal in the art of painting because the Church was the only patron of the art. magicians.

“Feeding Chicken” Genre and .He is a national artist. Manila Artist who o called “qord miniaturismo” gave prominence n details 5. Antonio Malantic 4. His works were purely Filipino expressionist and tell of the modern Filipino. Ocampo . Simon Flores y dela Rosa Religious painter from Paco Manila American Period Fernando Amorsolo . Manila 3.2.specialized on Philippine rural setting. Jose Maria Asuncion “Julia Francia” Binondo. Cesar Legazpi – Uses gadgets in elements of painting like texture. They were the ploretarian painters because their works underscored the plight of the working class especially those who work in industrial firms. Damian Domingo “The Holy Family” (Sagarada Familia) Established art Religious school 19th century and portrait painter Binondo. volume. He perfected contrasting hues for harmony and this color scheme was later called Amorsolo color. and color were those of the machines and the human figures looked like Zombies. -“Calvary” Crucifixion was used for suffering of the workers. Modern Period Hernando R.

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