Heart surgeon job description and profile The Heart surgeons are the one who are responsible

for the operation of the heart and also known as the cardiothoracic surgeons. The person needs to fulfill a very stressful job which requires a long study period. The job is very rewarding both financially and emotionally. The surgery of the heart has to be precise and perfect. Heart surgeon duties and responsibilities The duties and responsibilities of a heart surgeon are listed below.
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The basic duty is to diagnose the heart ailment and deciding the necessity of a surgery.

He or she has to perform the heart related surgeries like heart transplants, insertion of balloon catheters and stunts. He or she is responsible for performing the surgeries on the lungs, valves, esophagus and blood vessels.


He or she has the responsibility to remove the blockages from valves and perform the open heart and bypass surgeries. He or she has to supervise the coordination of the functions of nurses and other hospital staff involved in the procedure. He or she has to plan the recuperative care for the patients properly and suggest the diets and lifestyle changes properly. Heart surgeon skills and specification



The person needs to have the utmost skills and concentration as it is a procedure of a life saver in a lot of cases.

The person needs to have a perfect precision and an eye for detail and intricacy to do the job.
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He or she needs to have a tremendous patience with the ability to work for long hours. He or she needs to have the ability to pay undivided concentration to the surgery.


He or she should have the excellent communication skills and a down-to-earth personality to put patients at ease. Heart surgeon education and qualifications

Basically, the study of heart surgery is a long process and it may take up to 16 years to be able to practice surgery independently. The qualifications required are as follows.

The basic degree required is a four year medical school degree to do the job.

y The person must have gone through the United States Medical License Examination for obtaining license to practice and it is renewed once every 10 years Heart surgeon salary The Heart surgeons are highly paid. pioneered advances in antibiotics.366 and $534.139.681. Of the second group of 14. proving that the human heart could be operated upon. Many of Harken's patients were young soldiers evacuated from the European front with shell fragments and bullets lodged inside their hearts.S. locate the shrapnel and remove it. Army surgeon.y He or she should have the Post graduate degree in heart surgery followed by residency may take 8 years. . anesthesia. Harken felt ready to try the technique on humans. There are many different types of heart surgery.S. only two died. To leave the shrapnel in was dangerous. Each day. y y The annual median salary of a heart surgeon is $427. Harken began operating on animals. thousands of people in the U. half died. a young U. but removing it was almost surely fatal. Dwight Harken. All of his patients survived. One of the first doctors to use these medical advancements to gain access to the heart was Dr. The salary generally comes in the range of $319. trying to develop a technique that would allow him to cut into the wall of a still beating heart. have heart surgery. or bulges in the aorta. insert a finger. facing injury and suffering on a massive scale. Surgeries may be used to Repair or replace the valves that control blood flow through the heart's chambers Bypass or widen blocked or narrowed arteries to the heart Repair aneurysms. and blood transfusions advances that would usher in the age of modern surgery. All of his first 14 animals subjects died. which can be deadly if they burst Implant devices to regulate heart rhythms Destroy small amounts of tissue that disturb electrical flow through the heart Make channels in the heart muscle to allow blood from a heart chamber directly into the heart muscle Boost the heart's pumping power with muscles taken from the back or abdomen Replace the damaged heart with a heart from a donor Daring procedures During World War II military doctors. Of the third group of 14.

nothing could be done. Dr. open heart surgery could be done for long periods much longer than four minutes and they didn't die. answer. This kind of blind surgery or closed heart surgery spread to hospitals around the world. Dwight Harken from 1951. Gradually. a young Canadian surgeon named Dr. He had noticed how hibernating animals. But how could surgeons open up the heart without their patients bleeding to death? Temporarily stopping a patient's circulation only gave doctors about four minutes to work before brain damage from oxygen deprivation took place. with the majority of patients dying. In 1948. Enlarge Photo credit: © Fabian Bachrach Impressive as the technique was. within days of each other. the tissues of the body and brain didn't need as much oxygen. If surgeons couldn't work on the heart from the inside. a small hole was cut in the side of a beating heart and a finger was inserted to find and very carefully widen the narrowed valve. Harken's experience as an army surgeon in WWII inspired his pioneering work. Bill Bigelow came up with the first workable. Bigelow began animal experiments and found that when dogs were cooled. like ground hogs. surgeons improved their technique and the procedure became quite safe. it made little difference to patients suffering from more serious heart defects for instance. allowing them to survive for months without food. and could survive without oxygenated blood for longer. survived the bitterly cold Canadian winters. Just as with the soldiers. Charles Bailey. though. breathless and blue and condemned to an early death.It wasn't long before surgeons began wondering if Harken's technique might be applied to defective heart valves. cold treatment At the University of Minnesota. independently reported on a daring procedure to correct mitral stenosis. and victims of rheumatic fever whose heart valves were narrowed or stuck. He showed that at lower temperatures. . children born with congenital heart disorders. Harken and a Philadelphia surgeon. Wondering if cold might be the key to operating inside the heart. Their hearts beat slower. A portriat of Dr. if highly bizarre. Early results were disastrous. a condition where the mitral valve (see Map of the Human Heart) is narrowed and won't open properly.

Lillehei and Lewis cut open her heart. Early prototypes. It wasn't until 1958. Enlarge Photo credit: P. Dr. when a system that involved bubbling blood was perfected. built by pioneers like Dr. a large mechanical device performs the functions of the heart. Enlarge Photo credit: World Health Organization . Clamping the inflow to her heart so that it emptied of blood. But all too often. With the clock ticking away. John Lewis. attempted the first open heart surgery on a five-year-old girl who had been born with a hole in her heart.On September 2. Four physicians aided by several technicians perform open heart surgery in this photo from the mid1950s. During the risky operation. they did what they could. John Gibbon in Great Britain. With the repaired heart working properly for the first time in her life. Dr. The operation was a success. 1952. the girl was then immersed in a bath of warm water to bring her body temperature back to normal. that "heartlung" machines came of age. surgeons opened hearts to find more complex defects defects that couldn't be repaired in 10 minutes. the girl was cooled by a special blanket until her body temperature reached 81 degrees F. were cumbersome and dangerous often leaking blood. Dennis Melrose of London further increased chances for success when he pioneered an injection that stopped the heart from beating during surgery. but it was clear that a better approach needed to be found. Heart-Lung Machines The dream of building a machine to take over the function of the heart and lungs during surgery had existed before World War II. Anaesthetized to stop her shivering. and quickly sewed up the hole. not four. which was still slowly beating. Almasy/World Health Organization The "hypothermic approach" became very successful in treating small heart defects. two University of Minnesota surgeons. Walton Lillehei and Dr. she could survive without a pumping heart for 10 minutes. damaging blood cells and causing air embolisms. At this temperature.

Where valves were damaged beyond repair. but which wasn't moving. But a major problem still remained what to do for patients whose very heart muscle was diseased beyond repair? Could these patients be given new hearts? By 1966. A NEW DAWN FOR TRANSPLANT SURGERY Only one American surgeon would continue Dr. He lived for 18 days.In December of 1967. until the powerful drugs used to suppress rejection weakened him and he died of pneumonia.Now surgeons had time to work on a heart that was not only empty of blood. But the future would lie in a different direction: heart transplants. What first looked like another surgical miracle had turned into a disaster. Heart surgeons who had promoted the operation admitted defeat. His team devised a way of spotting rejection attacks. Weakened arteries were replaced altogether. Shumway also benefited from a chance discovery made in another part of the world. Blocked arteries were bypassed. If the barrier had been breached for the kidney. Adrian Kantrowitz in the United States. at the hands of Dr. by feeding a catheter into the heart and removing a piece of heart muscle for examination. But Dr. heart surgeons were ready to take on the challenge. All over the world patients were asking and receiving the new miracle operation. Kidneys had been transplanted successfully as early as 1963. And they had time to correct the most serious abnormalities. artificial valves were put in. By 1971. Holes which were too big to be sewn up were patched. scientific manner. The second patient to receive a heart transplant. . Modern heart surgery seemed unstoppable. thought the answer lay in artificial hearts. But these surgical triumphs proved short-lived. Throughout the 1970's. after the complexities of tissue rejection were solved with drugs that suppressed the immune response. 146 of the first 170 heart transplant recipients were dead. Most. Barnard's next heart-transplant patient lived for 18 months and became a symbol of hope for victims of heart disease. like Dr. Michael DeBakey of Houston. Norman Shumway. transplanted the heart of a 23-year-old woman killed in a motor vehicle accident into the chest of a middle-aged man. Dr. lived only six hours. he built a team of scientists and doctors to tackle the complex biological problem of tissue rejection in a careful. Only when signs of rejection were seen were doses of the dangerous immuno-suppressive drugs increased. why not for the heart? What first looked like another surgical miracle had turned into a disaster. Patients began dying of either rejection or infection. a South African surgeon. Christiaan Barnard.

Shumway In the soil of Norway's Hardaangerfjord a fungus was found which contained a compound that would revolutionize transplant surgery. oxygen-rich blood flows into the left side of the heart from the lungs (see Map of the Human Heart). The substance. Blood backs up in the heart and the lungs. But fewer than 2. In the hands of Dr. . But this breakthrough has come with limitations. too. The left ventricle is responsible for pumping the blood out to the rest of the body. Their results. Batista's idea was to cut a swath out of the left ventricle and sew the chamber back together.Dr. When the heart becomes diseased. two million people suffer from congestive heart failure. The contractions become sluggish and the left ventricle is unable to squeeze out enough blood. so far. When drug treatments fail. it sometimes dilates or swells. Shumway. have been mixed. cyclosporin transformed the picture for heart transplant recipients.500 donor hearts are available each year. thereby reducing its size and increasing its efficiency. More time and innovation are needed before it's known whether this technique will be the next milestone in the history of heart surgery. currently. Gradually. Norman Shumway rose to prominence in the high-profile world of heart surgery in the late 1960s. Enlarge Photo credit: © N. news of Batista's radical approach spread and. Normally. The problem with heart transplants now has become finding enough hearts. appeared to have exquisite immunosuppressant properties controlling organ rejection without knocking out all resistance to infection. resulting in congestive heart failure. Randas Batista of Brazil devised a radical new surgical technique to treat a common form of heart failure for people with enlarged hearts. Hospitals around the world began to re-open their heart transplant units and their patients began to survive and prosper. Dr. a small number of surgeons around the world are experimenting with the procedure. Today in the United States alone. called cyclosporin. leaving thousands of patients desperate for an alternative. In 1994. transplants are the best hope.

Others Who Viewed This Page Also Saw: y y y y Olive Oil Eases Ride For Bypass Patients Olive Oil Eases Ride for Bypass Patients How Are Congenital Heart Defects Treated Anxiety Disorder Pictures: Symptoms Panic Attacks Insomnia Causes and Treatments y Blood Pressure Drugs At Bedtime May Cut Heart Risk y y Ringing In The Ears How To Banish Belly Fat Call the doctor if signs of infection appear. or if it pops or cracks with movement. y Eat a healthy diet to help healing. You should also call the doctor if your loved one complains or notices that his or her sternum (breast bone) feels like it moves. Use only soap and water to cleanse the area. it is important to: y y Keep the incision clean and dry. Pain Relief After Heart Surgery . These signs include: y Increased drainage or oozing from incision. which diminishes the size of the diseased heart. Redness or warmth around the incision. Enlarge Photo credit: © WGBH Educational Foundation In order to take proper care of the incision after heart surgery. y Increased body temperature (greater than 100. y y Opening of the incision line.4°F or 38°C).Whether Batista's new surgical technique. will be widely adopted remains to be seen.

Heart Surgeon Job Description . May report to the chief of surgery. Surgically replaces a diseased or damaged heart with a healthy heart. there may be more pain in the legs than around the chest incision if saphenous veins (leg veins) were used as grafts. Familiar with standard concepts. is not recommended. and/or numbness along the incision are normal. however. climbing stairs is allowed. y y No lifting objects more than 10 pounds. climbing up and down stairs several times during the day. the following guidelines are generally recommended for patients recovering from heart surgery. However. and procedures within a particular field. and time will help to lessen leg discomfort and stiffness. the doctor will tell your loved one when he or she is able to return to daily activities. However. A wide degree of creativity and latitude is expected. Household chores can be done. May require at least 4-6 years of surgery experience. diagnoses. however. Walk daily. daily activities. y Unless restricted by doctor's orders. Driving After Heart Surgery Your loved one's doctor will tell him or her when they may resume driving after heart surgery. No pushing or pulling heavy objects. they may be passengers as often as they like. but standing in one place longer than 15 minutes is not recommended. practices.Heart Transplant Examines. and surgically treats patients with end-stage cardiac disease. itching. Walking. During this time. tightness. Activity After Heart Surgery After heart surgery. Relies on experience and judgment to plan and accomplish goals. time may be shorter if he or she had minimally invasive surgery. Requires a degree in medicine from an accredited school and is licensed to practice. some muscle or incision discomfort. For bypass surgery. for the first 6-8 weeks. When planning activities. especially when the patient first arrives home. the pain should not be similar to what was experienced before surgery. Performs a variety of tasks. y Gradually increase activity. Guidelines for walking will be given to the patient or the caregiver by the doctor or a cardiac rehabilitation specialist upon the patient's return home. New Search y Job Description for Surgeon . This usually occurs about 6-8 weeks after surgery.After heart surgery. try to arrange them so the patient goes downstairs in the morning and back upstairs when it is time for bed. Your loved one will be given a prescription for a pain medication before they leave the hospital.

000 approximately.000 to a whopping $399. Cardiac surgeons with 10 to 19 years in the field can be paid in the range of $193.A heart surgeon is a medical professional who is responsible for treating health complications in the cardiovascular system.500 to $302. The above-mentioned cardiac surgeon salary ranges may even differ according to the state of employment.000 and $255. Jobs as heart surgeons are considered to be the most remunerative.000 to $380. from $49.000 per annum.500 to $475. MRIs.000 to $375. which relates to treating heart problems in children. Some even obtain a specialization in pediatric cardiology.000 to $407. In Florida. in Chicago.000 per annum.500.000 respectively. Also remember that those specializing in open heart surgery have a better pay than general heart surgeons.000 per annum. the highest pay is recorded to be around $442.000 to $397. the income ranges from $136. Along with diagnosing heart disorders. the pay range of heart surgeons differs as per the area of employment and also on the years of experience. whereas in Massachusetts it is $160. In California. The services of heart surgeons are in substantial demand which is one main reason why they receive a very high per annum pay. Heart Surgeon Salary Per Year The pay for heart surgeons mainly depends on the level of experience counted in years. heart surgeons may receive a top pay reaching about $541. and other clinical examinations.000 to $397.000 per year. In a city like San Francisco. The average heart surgeon salary per year is around a notable $111.000 to $399. Illinois and Pennsylvania are considered to have the highest pay for these professionals at $144.000 to $450. Those who have just started practicing cardiac surgery or have less than a year s experience can expect a salary range of about $100. whereas those with over 20 years in the field can be paid around $486. the services of these cardiac surgeons cannot be ignored. the pay range drops down at $99.000 per year.000 to $366.500 to $297.000. In cities like Houston and Boston.000.000 and $96. He usually coordinates work in a medical team of experts proficient in cardiac surgery and internal medicine.000 respectively.000. a heart surgeon can demand a pay from around $178.000. As shown above.000 and $160. which is the city of employment. With many patients suffering from heart complications.000 per year. Those with a total work experience of one to four years can receive an income ranging from about $102. In order to access the present condition of the cardiovascular system of patients. There is another factor that affects the salary of heart surgeons. . He may diagnose and treat heart diseases of newborns to old people.500 to $490. a heart surgeon refers to results from a wide range of tests such as electrocardiograms.000 per annum. cardiac surgeons may get paid between $60.000. whereas in Los Angeles.000. CT scans. New York City has a decent annual pay range of $140.000.000 to $400. X-rays. As the overall experience increases to five to nine years. the earning for heart surgeons ranges widely.000 to $342. owing to the initial pay which mostly starts from over $100. States such as New York and Texas have a salary scale of $177.500 to $307. On the other hand. Baltimore has a respectable pay range of $146. he also treats diseases associated to blood vessels.

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