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EURASIA WASTE MANAGEMENT SYMPOSIUM

14 - 16 NOVEMBER 2011 HAL CONGRESS CENTER ISTANBUL / TURKEY

PROCEEDINGS

www.eurasiasymposium.com

Committees
Honorary Committee Prof. Dr. Veysel Erolu Erdoan Bayraktar Prof. Dr. Adem Batrk Prof. Dr. Mustafa ztrk Prof. Dr. Ltfi Aka Sedat Kadolu Prof. Dr. smail Yksek Prof. Dr. Cumali Knac Prof. Dr. Ahmet Demir Recep ahin Prof. Dr. Hayrullah Aacolu Prof. Dr. Ferruh Ertrk Prof. Dr. Mehmet Emin Birpnar Scientific Committee Prof. Dr. Fabrizio Adani Prof. Dr. Mehmet Emin Aydn Prof. Dr. Mara Pilar Bernal Prof. Dr. Erwin Binner Prof. Dr. Mehmet Borat Prof. Dr. Alessandra Carucci Prof. Dr. Raffaello Cossu Prof. Dr. Luis F. Diaz Prof. Dr. Ayen Erdinler Prof. Dr. Aye Filibeli Prof. Dr. Evangelos Gidarakos Prof. Dr. M. Talha Gnll Prof. Dr. Jaehyuk Hyun Prof. Dr. Somjai Karnchanawong Prof. Dr. Gabriel R. Kassenga Prof. Dr. Blent Keskinler Prof. Dr. Gnay Kocasoy Prof. Dr. Peter Lechner Prof. Dr. Piet N.L. Lens Prof. Dr. Pier Paolo Manca Prof. Dr. zzet ztrk Prof. Dr. Lucjan Pawlowski Prof. Dr. Raffaella Pomi Sapienza Prof. Dr. Marco Ritzkowski Prof. Dr. Ahmet Mete Saati Prof. Dr. Takayuki Shimaoka Prof. Dr. Edward Stentiford Prof. Dr. Ycel Tademir Prof. Dr. Blent Topkaya Prof. Dr. smail Toroz Prof. Dr. Timothy G. Townsend Prof. Dr. Kahraman nl Prof. Dr. Samuel T.S. Yuen Organizing Committee M. Sinan Bilgili Eyp Debik enol Yldz Yaar Avar Kamil B. Varnca Gamze Varank Minister of Forest and Water Affairs, Turkey Minister of Environment and Urbanization, Turkey Member of the 22th Legislative Term of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey, General Secretary of Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality, Turkey Member of the 23th Legislative Term of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey Undersecretary of the Ministry of Forest and Water Affairs, Turkey Deputy Undersecretary of the Ministry of Environment and Urbanization, Turkey Rector of Yldz Technical University, Turkey Ministry of Forest and Water Affairs, General Manager of the Water Management Division General Director of Istanbul Water and Sewerage Administration ISKI, Turkey Ministry of Environment and Urbanization, General Manager of Environmental Management Division, Turkey Dean of Civil Engineering Faculty, Yildiz Technical University Head of Environmental Engineering Department, Yildiz Technical University Ministry of Environment and Urbanization, Directorate of Istanbul City, Turkey The University of Milan, Italy Selcuk University, Turkey CEBAS-CSIC, Murcia, Spain University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Austria Fatih University, Turkey The University of Cagliari, Italy University of Padoa, Italy CalRecovery, Inc., USA Bogazici University, Turkey Dokuz Eyll University, Turkey Technical University of Crete, Greece Yildiz Technical University, Turkey Chungnam National University, Korea Chiang Mai University, Thailand Ardhi University, Tanzania Gebze Institute of Technology, Turkey Bogazici University, Turkey University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Austria UNESCO-IHE Institute For Water Education, Netherlands The University of Cagliari, Italy Istanbul Technical University, Turkey Lublin University of Technology, Poland University of Rome, Italy Technical University of Hamburg, Germany Marmara University, Turkey Kyushu University, Japan The University of Leeds, United Kingdom Uludag University, Turkey Akdeniz University, Turkey Istanbul Technical University, Turkey University of Florida, USA Middle East Technical University, Turkey University of Melbourne, Australia Yildiz Technical University Yildiz Technical University ISTAC J.S.Co. Yildiz Technical University Yildiz Technical University Yildiz Technical University

EURASIA WASTE MANAGEMENT SYMPOSIUM


14 - 16 NOVEMBER 2011 HAL CONGRESS CENTER ISTANBUL / TURKEY

Organized By Sponsored By

Media Sponsor Official Travel Agency


www.eurasiasymposium.com

Preface
PREFACE
On behalf of the organizing committee, I would like to welcome to all participants and speakers to t he EurAsia Waste Management Symposium (EWMS) 2011. This Symposium is organized by Environmental Engineering Department of Yildiz Technical University. Environmental Engineering Department of Yildiz Technical University organizes conferences biennially since 2007. The first two conferences were organized as National Symposiums with the name Waste Management in Turkey Symposium (TURKAY) in 2007 and 2009, respectively. The Symposium is organized as an international Symposium in 2011 which is th the 100 anniversary of the establishment of Yildiz Technical University. EurAsia Waste Management Symposium will provide a comprehensive overview of effective waste management strategies ac ross the Asian and the European regions. Also, the symposium will provide the opportunity to discuss and evaluate the current and future regional waste management strat egies and recycling projects. All parties of waste management such as universities, industrial organizations, public institutions and organizations, local governments and legislators are welcome to attend t o the symposium in order to share their experiences and to bring a common body of knowledge for the solution of the waste management problems in the region. The topics of the symposium will include almost all areas of waste management including legislation, collection, transport, treatment, recycle and reuse options for municipal, hazardous, medic al, and other waste t ypes. We received around 210 abstracts from more t han 30 count ries and 134 of them were accepted as oral and poster presentations after a review process by the scientific committee. Now, we have 5 keynote speakers, 74 oral presentations and 60 poster presentations. It is my pleasure to thank to s upporting organizations, Ministry of Forest and Water A ffairs, Ministry of Environment and Urbanization, Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality, Istanbul Wat er and Sewerage Administration (ISK I), IS TAC J.S. Co., Istanbul Special Provincial Administration, International Waste Working Group (IWWG) and ISWA-Turkey (Turkish National Committee on Solid Waste). We have also 10 sponsor companies and I would like to thank to all sponsor companies attended to the Symposium. I would like t o thank to all scientific committee members for their contribution during reviewing process of the papers. I would also like to respectfully commemorate Prof. Dr. Ferruh ERTURK, Head of the Environmental Engineering Department, who died during the course of the Symposium. Finally, I would like to thank to all organizing committee members of EurAsia Waste Management Symposium who made this Symposium successful. I wish all participants to have a wonderful time in Istanbul and hope to s ee you again in Waste Management Symposium -2013. Sincerely, Assoc. Prof. Dr. M. Sinan Bilgili Organizing Committee Chair Yildiz Technical University

14.11.2011 MONDAY SADABAD HALL Opening Program 08:30 Registration

Opening Ceramony 09:30 Prof. Dr. Hayrullah Aacolu Dean of Civil Engineering Faculty Prof. Dr. smail Yksek Rector of Yldz Technical University Opening Speeches

09:40

09:50

10:30

Coffee Break

Opening Panel : Waste management Legislations in Turkey and Europe 10:40 Waste Management in Istanbul Dr. Cevat Yaman, Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality Future Trends in Waste Management Strategies in Istanbul Dr. Senol Yildiz, ISTAC J.S.Co. Development of Waste Management Legislations in Turkey Dr. Mahir Erdem, The Ministry of Environment and Urbanization Lunch EYP HALL Session 1 : Biological Methods for Waste Disposal Session Chair: Prof. Dr. Thomas H. Christensen, Denmark 14:00 Optimizing Farmyard Manure for Improved Nitrogen Use Efficiency and Enhanced Phenology in Wheat under a Range of Ploughing Intensity A. Khan, S. Zaheer Composting of Cattle Manure: Effects of Pre-Dewatering M.S. Binici, E. Mehmetli, C. Tosun, A. Baban, B. Calli Effect of Municipal Solid Waste Compost, Tea Compost and Rock Phosphate on P Content, Yield and Yield Components of Sweet Corn and P & pH of Soil H.R. Doroudian, A. Alahverdi Management of Anaerobic Digestates by Co-composting with Different Bulking Agents M.A. Bustamante, R. Moral, F. Sol-Mauri, A. Bonmat, J.A. Solans, M.P Bernal Stabilization of Cattle Manure with Anaerobic Digestion Process: A Pilot Scale Study T. Coskun, N. Manav Demir, E. Debik Coffee Break 14:40 Session 1 : Hazardous Waste Management Session Chair: Prof. Dr. M. Talha Gonullu, Turkey FENER HALL

11:20

12:00 12:40

14:00

14:20

Keynote Lecture: The Role of Risk Assessment in the Management of Hazardous, Industrial, and Special Wastes Timothy G. Townsend

14:40

Hazardous Waste Generation from Household Appliances Industry in Turkey B. Yazici, B. Calli, B. Mertoglu, Z.S. Can, O. Gokyay, D. Akgul, U. Yetis Kinetics of Heavy Metals Leaching From Contaminated Soils in Metallurgical Plants P. Desogus, P.P. Manca, G. Orr Effect on Behavior of Settling Velocity by Addition of Coagulants and Flocculants in Wastewater from Barite Processing Plant V. Deniz Coffee Break

15:00

15:00

15:20 15:40

15:20 15:40

Session 2 : Waste Management Legislations Session Chair: Dr. Senol Yildiz, Turkey

Session 2 : Landfilling Session Chair: Prof. Dr. Timothy G. Townsend, U.S.A. 15:50 Municipal Solid Waste Disposal in Russian Federation: Ways for More Intense Use of Landfills Sites N. Sliusar, V. Korotaev Approaches on the Prevention of Environmental Damages by Means of Plantng Around Solid Waste Landfill Areas U. Cosgun Reclamation of Dumpsite Towards Controlled Landfill Cell A Pilot Project at Cikundul Dumpsites in Sukabumi City S. Darwati, L. Meilany Spontaneous Combustion Fires in MSW Landfills: Energy Consideration S. Moqbel , D. Reinhart , R.-H. Chen

15:50

Keynote Lecture: Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) Modeling of Alternative Waste Management Scenarios T.H. Christensen, J. Clavreul, J. Mller

16:10

16:30

Evaluation of Solid Waste Management Alternatives Using Life Cycle Assessment As A Tool S. Cil, M.O. Polat, N. Bektas Financial Model Proposal Based on Household Income for Municipal Solid Waste Management M.C. Erturk, E. Gorgun, E. Citil

16:30

16:50

16:50

15.11.2011 TUESDAY EYP HALL


09:00 - 17:00 POSTER PRESENTATIONS

FENER HALL

Session 3 : Landfilling Session Chair: Asooc. Prof. Dr. Osman A. Arikan, Turkey

Session 3 : Sludge Treatment and Disposal Session Chair: Prof. Dr. Izzet Ozturk, Turkey 09:00 Electroosmotic Dewatering of Red Mud M. Cigagna, B. Grosso, C. Levanti Experimental Analysis of Civil Sewage Sludge Recovery: the Co-Composting with OFMSW as Possible Solution F. Di Maria, G. Gigliotti, G. Cirulli The Usage of Sewage Sludge in Cement Kiln as Supplementary Fuel M.Kara, Y.Tabak, S.Yildiz, V. Enc, A.Kemirtlek Heavy Metals Released from Sewage Sludge Using Chemical Methods F.H. Ibrahim Coffee Break

09:00

Keynote Lecture:Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) Project Activity in Landfill Sites of Developing Countries J.-H. Hyun

09:20

09:40

Sampling Frequency and Remedial Action Delay of Groundwater Contamination from Landfill Facilities E.K. Paleologos, K Papapetridis Landfills Assessments by Qualitative Reasoning Using Equationless Knowledge M. Reznakova, M. Dohnal, E. Vodickova Coffee Break

09:40

10:00 10:20

10:00 10:20

Session 4 : Solid Waste Collection and Transport Session Chair: Prof. Dr. Raffaella Pomi, Italy 10:30 Cost-Gain Model in Municipal Solid Waste Management -Example of Istanbul A.E. Yildirim, S. Yildiz, V. Enc Household Solid Waste Management and Characterization in Tetouan City, Morocco Y. El Belhouan, M. Stitou Evaluating Peoples Attitude and Participation in Municipal Solid Waste Management: A Comparative Study in India and Qatar S. Khan, M.N .Faisal, I.H.Farooqi Determination of Household Packaging Waste Amounts in Istanbul S. Yildiz, V. Enc, S.E. Uzun, K. Dogan Cultural Tour + Lunch (Miniaturk Turkey Park)

Session 4 : Thermal Technologies for Waste Disposal Session Chair: Prof. Dr. Maria Pilar Bernal, Spain 10:30 HeidelbergCement-Akcansa: Advanced Treatment of Municipal Solid Waste and Sewage Sludge in Marmara Region J. Theulen, E. Hepvar Thermal Decomposition of Coal for Sustainable Use: A Case Study of Pakistani Lignite J. Nisar Modelling of a Downdraft Gasifier Fed by Agricultural Residues I.-S. Antonopoulos, A. Gkouletsos A. Karagiannidis, G. Perkoulidis On the Application of MSWI Bottom Ash as Aggregate-Replacement in Concrete Mixes M.V.A. Florea, A.Keulen, H.J.H. Brouwers

10:50

10:50

11:10

11:10

11:30

11:30

11:50

Session 5 : Biological Methods for Waste Disposal Session Chair: Prof. Dr. Mehmet Borat, Turkey 15:00 R&D Studies of Biogas Production via Different Organic Wastes K.S. Yigit, M. Gunduz, G. Serit, M. Farah, M. Sarac Preliminary Studies on H2 Production from Dark Fermentation of the Organic Fraction of Municipal Wastes E. Massi, C. Alisi, R. Ciccoli, G. De Gioannis, G. Giordano, I. Lepri, G. Migliore, A. Moreno, A. Polettini, R. Pomi, A. Sprocati Gasification of Primary Fine-Screened Solids for Energy Production P. Gikas, S.A. Noll, K. Stedman The Business Economics of the Composting Process in the Removal of Waste; As the Sample Istanbul Recycle and Composting Plant C. Yaman, A. Gunay, Y. Bayer Methanogenesis of Agro-Industrial Waste for Bioenergy Production R. Tabassum Coffee Break

Session 5 : Industrial Waste Management Session Chair: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Mehmet Cakmakci, Turkey

15:00

Keynote Lecture: Industrial Waste Management: Controversial Issues E. Gidarakos

15:20

15:40

15:40

European Research on Waste Technologies - an Analysis of FP7-Funded Topics, Projects and Networks on Life-Cycle Thinking, Reuse and Recycling A. Martinuzzi, F. Montevecchi Characterization of Gas Distribution Companies Waste and Presenting Managing Strategies: A Case Study in East Azerbaijan Gas Company, Iran H. Taghipour, M. Assadi, F. Khodaei, B. Mardangahi, M. Mosaferi, A. Asl Hashemi The Importance of Construction and Demolition (C&D) Waste Management for Ecosystem Protection N. Cosgun Coffee Break

16:00

16:00

16:20 16:40

16:20 16:40

Session 6 : Landfilling Session Chair: Prof. Dr. Lucjan Pawlowski, Poland 16:50 Slurry TiO2 Photocatalytic Reactors Suitable for Leachate Treatments M. Dohnal, E. Vodickova, M. Reznakova Al Ghabawi Landfill Leachate Treatment by Fenton Oxidation F.A.F. Al-Hadidi, B.M. Al Smadi Estimation of Landfill Biogas Generation at Sanitary Landfills in Istanbul O.A. Arikan, M. Altinbas, O. Sevimoglu, I. Sel, I. Ozturk Energy Recovery from Landfill Biogas: The Effect of Micro-pollutant on an Existing Plant F. Di Maria Determination and Modelling COD Fractions of Leachate from Aerobic and Anaerobic Field Scale Landfill Reactors E. Sekman, S. Top, G. Varank, M.S. Bilgili, A. Demir

Session 6 : Industrial Waste Management Session Chair: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Yasar Avsar, Turkey 16:50 Recycling of Industrial Waste in the Manufacture of Economical and Quality Construction Blocks M.U. Khan, M. Ahmed, K. Nazim, S.S. Shaukat Waste Reception from Ships, Treatment and Recovery of the Wastes: Istanbul Model C. Yaman, B. Taskinoglu, Y. Isik, E. Fakihoglu, I. Tanugur Implementation of New Environmental Technology for Oil Industry, Kuov Region, Albania B. Urbanek, E. Vodickova, V. Valko Lead Removal from Aqueous Solutions by Adsorption onto Activated Carbons E.Kayman, A.Ozyuguran, A.E.Mericboyu Solidification/Stabilization of Electric Arc Furnace Waste Using Steel Slag and Portland Cement B. Cubukcuoglu, S.K. Ouki

17:10

17:10

17:30

17:30

17:50

17:50

18:10

18:10

16.11.2011 WEDNESDAY EYP HALL Session 7: Industrial Waste Management Session Chair: Prof. Dr. Ismail Toroz, Turkey Session 7 : Hospital Waste Management Session Chair: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Bestamin Ozkaya, Turkey 09:00 An Analytic Network Process Approach for the Selection of Waste Management Contractors in Hamad Medical Corporation M.N. Faisal Sustainable Medical Waste Management in Sakarya, Turkey A. Celebi, A.S. Erses Yay Lebanese Sterilization Network of Potentially Infectious Health Care Waste: Creation and Management System D. Salameh, O. Maamari, D. Obeid, R. Lteif, F. Moujaes, M. Asmar Dont Mess Plastic Caps with the Household Waste S. Unver, M. Altinay, G. Emir Coffee Break FENER HALL

09:00

Keynote Lecture: A Role of Cement Industry in Sustainable Utilization of Municipal Solid Wastes L. Pawlowski

09:20

09:40

Investigation on the Possibilities for Recycling Construction and Demolition Waste in to Building Materials in Tanzania M.M. Sabai, M.V.A. Florea, R.R. Mato, H.J.H. Brouwers, E.L.C. Egmond, J.J.N Lichtenberg Effect of Industrial Waste on Early Growth and Phytoremediation Potential of Avicennia marina (Forsk.) Vierh K. Nazim, M. Ahmed, M.U. Khan, S.S. Shaukat Coffee Break

09:40

10:00 10:20

10:00 10:20

Session 8 : Waste Management Legislations Session Chair: Prof. Dr. Bulent Topkaya, Turkey 10:30 Presentation to Waste Management Legislation in Urban of Uganda T.D. Kasiiba , S.A. Abdulah Waste Water Management Master Plan for the Megacity of Dhaka: Approach and Challenges M.M. Hossain, S.M.M. Rahman, I.A. Taher Waste Minimisation and the Challenges Experienced in South Africa E. Prosper Electrical and Electronic Waste (E-Waste) Management in Turkey S. Sayar, G. Borucu, A.S. Erses Yay Lunch

Session 8 : Hazardous Waste Management Session Chair: Prof. Dr. Jaehyuk Hyun, Korea 10:30 Hazardous Waste Temporary Storage Facility Design and Operations in Turkey C. Avci, T. Yuksel, E.A. Berkay Urtkin Investigation of Hazardous Waste Generation By Turkish Automotive Industry B. Yazici, Z.S. Can, O. Gokyay, B. Calli, B. Mertoglu, D. Akgul, U. Yetis Screening of Boron Tolerant Bacteria Isolated fom Fly Ash Dumping Site for Boron Remediation E.R. Chellaiah, K. Omine Recycling of NiCd Batteries by Hydrometallurgical Process on Small Scale T.I. Qureshi Lunch

10:50

10:50

11:10

11:10

11:30 11:50

11:30 11:50

Session 9 : Industrial Waste Management Session Chair: Prof. Dr. Yasar Nuhoglu, Turkey 14:00 Removal of Pesticide by Activated Carbon J. Gulen, C. Cesmeli Kinetics of Reactive Dyes Adsorption on the Waste Ashes from City Heating Station M. Smelcerovic, N. Djordjevic, D. Stojkovic, D. Djordjevic Electrochemical Treatment of Textile Dyeing Wastewater with Procion Red MX-5B Reactive Dye using Pt/Ir Electrodes S. Alaca, B.K. Korbahti Studies on Treatment of Phenolic Wastewater Using Biological and Irradiation Techniques S. Cheela, G. Swaminathan Effect of Sonication on Catalytic Wet Peroxide Oxidation of Orange II M. Dukkanci, G. Gunduz, E. Bolova Coffee Break

Session 9 : Industrial Waste Management Session Chair: Prof. Dr. Evangelos Gidarakos, Greece 14:00 The Role of Magnetite and Magnetite/Bentonite Composites for Adsorption of Pb+2 in Wastewater C. Poyraz, E. Atalay, Y. Kalpakli, I. Salt Treatment for Removal of Sulfate from Gypsum Contaminated Wastes P Kijjanapanich, A.P. Annachhatre , P.N. L. Lens Management and Issues of Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment in Korea Y.C. Jang, M. Kim Use of Okra Waste to Remove Arsenic from Industrial Wastewater: An Environmental Friendly Remediation Technology S. Memon, M.I. Khaskheli, M.Y. Khuhawar Combining Easy-Care and Flame Retardant Finishing for Cotton F. Uddin Coffee Break

14:20

14:20

14:40

14:40

15:00

15:00

15:20 15:40

15:20 15:40 SADABAD HALL

16:00 16:30 18:00

Final Decleration Issuing Certificates Gala Dinner (Yildiz Hisar Restaurant)

POSTER PRESENTATIONS (FOYER AREA) Solidification/Stabilization of Treatment Sludge Contains Heavy Metals K.B. Varinca, M.T. Gonullu Combined Effect of Water Contamination with Cobalt and Nickel on Metabolism of Albino (Wistar) Rats Z. Kechrid , F. Dahdouh SOS Chromotest Methodology and CIF Values for the Golden Horn E. Kocak, M.T. Gonullu The Use of Solar Energy in a Low-Cost Drying System for Solid Waste Management: Concept, Design and Performance Analysis M.A. Tony, A.M. Tayeb E-Waste Management Challenges in Iran and Presenting Some Strategies for Improving of Current Condition H. Taghipour, P. Norouz, J. Nazari, A. Asl Hashemi, M. Mosaferi Investigation of the Gaseous Products from Pyrolysis of Agricultural Waste Biomass Species H. Haykiri-Acma, F. Cakroglu, S. Yaman Solidification/Stabilization of Drinking Water Treatment Plant Which Contains Arsenic Milena Dalmacija , Boo Dalmacija, Dejan Krmar, Milena Beeli-Tomin, Sofija Poguberovi, Jasmina Agbaba Operational Parameters Effects on the Treatment of an Oily Wastewater by Electrochemical Process K. Bensadok, N. Gousmi, N. El-Hanafi Optimization of Model Parameters of Methane Emission at Istanbul Odayeri Landfill by Genetic Algorithm H.K. Ozcan, N. Balkaya, E. Bilgili, O.N. Ucan, C. Bayat Recovery of Nickel from NiO/Al2O3 Reforming Catalyst S. Djerad, N. Habbache, L. Tifouti The Situation of Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment: A General Evaluation E. Elmaslar Ozbas, A. Ongen, A. H. Dokmeci Spectrophotometric Determination of Astrazon RED GTLN in Water and Filament Sample After Seperation and Preconcentration Via Cloud Point Extraction Method A.T. Bisgin, I. Narin, M. Uan Removal of Pestiside by Perlite J. Gulen, O. Deler Kinetics and Thermodynamics of Cd(II) Ions Sorption on Mixed Sorbents Prepared from Olive Stone and Date Pit from Aqueous Solution K. Louhab, N. Babakhoya, H. Aksas Life Cycle Assessment As A Solution For Sustainable Environmental Algeria S. Tireche, A. Tairii Municipal Solid Wastes and Groundwater Pollution S. Ocak, S. Orcen Microbial Decolorization of Commonly Used Azo Dyes in Textile Industry M. Arshad, M. Imran, R. Waqas, A. Khalid Usage of CMC Based Semi-IPN Hydrogels for Removal of Basic Dyes from Wastewater A. Bal, B. Ozkahraman, I. Acar, S. Emik Waste Sludge Disposal B. Guler, M.S. Guney Experimental Analysis of Civil Sewage Sludge Recovery: The Co-Composting with OFMSW As Possible Solution F. Di Maria, G. Gigliotti, G. Cirulli Waste Plastic Degradation By Chemical Recycling Method A. Koc, D.P. Cogur , E. Kasimoglu

P1

P31

P2

P32

P3

P33

P4

P34

P5

P35

P6

P36

P7

P37

Hydrogeological Monitoring of the Prague Dablice Landfill E. Vodickova, J. Stefecka, T. Sverak Fouling of Ion Exchange Membranes in Electrodialysis Process for Recovery of Leachate Compounds S. Yazici, F. Ilhan, H. Sari, Y. Aydin, K. Ulucan, U. Kurt Characterization for Proper Management of Used Automotive Oils V. Pelitli, O. Dogan, E. Erpek, H.J. Koroglu Recyclable Solid Waste Characterization and Recycling Studies for the Campuses of A University O. Apaydin, M.T. Gonullu Treatment of Bilge Water by Electrocoagulation/Electroflotation Process:Optimization with Response Surface Method K.Ulucan, F.Ilhan, S.Cikaranoglu, S. Yazici, H.Sari, U.Kurt Landfill Leachate Treatment By Hydrodynamic Cavitation and Ozone M. Korniluk, J. Ozonek Removal of Cu(II) Ions from Aqueous Solutions Using Crosslinked Polymers Z. Boyunegmez, S. Kaya, F. Tumsek, M. Solener Elimination of Copper Ions from Wastewater by Modified Orange Peels: Equilibrium and Adsorption Isotherms A. Khalfaoui, A.H. Meniai Bioremediation of 2, 4, 6 Trinitrotoluene Contaminated Soil Using In Vessel Composting Method B. Gumuscu, T. Tekinay, D. Cekmecelioglu Survey on Energy Recovery Potential of Municipal Solid Waste in Northwest of Iran A. Mohammadi, M.M. Amin, A. Ebrahimi Performance Comparison of the Microwave Oven and Conventional Electrical Furnace in the Weight Reduction and Final Stabilization of the South Isfahan Wastewater Treatment Plant's Sludges A. Ebrahimi, M.M. Amin, A.M, H.M. Attar Municipal Solid Waste Landfill and VOCs S. Ocak Refractory Fractions Contrary to Oxidative Degradation in Textile Wastewater U. Kurt, C. Dogan Waste Management in Public Hospitals in Romania C.F. Buicu Research on the Knowledge, Attitude and Behavioral Levels of Healthcare Institutions in the Province of Trabzon Related With Medical Waste Bags and Cups O. Ucuncu, S. Doruk In the Process of Harmonization to the EU, Packaging and Packaging Waste Management Regulation in Turkey and Its Application in Municipalities, The Case of the City of Trabzon S. Doruk, O. Ucuncu Training of Hospital Staff on Hospital Waste Management (HWM) Practices and Challenges in Implementing (HWM) in 10 Public and Private Sector Hospitals of Islamabad and Rawalpindi, Pakistan R. Kumar, E.A. Khan, J. Ahmed, M. Magan Using Wet Air Oxidation/GAC Adsorption Coupled Process for Leachate Treatment B. Karimi, M. H. Ehramposh, M. Mokhtari, A. Ebrahimi Resource Recovery from Used Tires in Greece: A Field Survey, State-of-Art and Trends, Focusing on Sensitivity Analysis T. Kasampalis, A. Karagiannidis, I.-S. Antonopoulos Application of Ion Exchange Substrate for Stabilization of Recultivated Layers of Dumping Sites M. Chomczynska Removal of Basic Dyes from Aqueous Solutions Using Depolymerization Intermediates of Waste PET as Alternative Adsorbent A. Bal, I. Acar, G.Guclu The Effects of Cheese Whey on Kura River, Ardahan F. Yangilar, S. Seker The Usage of Cereal Waste Products for Bleaching of Oil S. Yucel, D. Ozcimen, P. Terzioglu Solid Waste Disposal Strategy A. Gunay, T. Yaman, Y. Caglar, Y. Koc

P8

P38

P9

P39

P10

P40

P11

P41

P12

P42

P13

P43

P14

P44

P15

P45

P16

Adsorption Kinetics of Lead Ions onto Activated Carbons S.Mutlu, A.Ozyuguran, A.Ersoy Mericboyu

P46

P17

Sensibility of Bio-methane Production to Kinetics Parameters Constants in Co-digestion Process K. Derbal, R. Hariche, M. Bencheikh-lehocine, A.H. Meniai Effects of Heavy Metal Phytoextraction Amendments on Feacal Coliform Inactivation in Sewage Sludge G. Dede, S. Ozdemir, I. Yildirim Purification of Waste Frying Oil For Biodiesel Production S. Yucel, D. Ozcimen, P. Terzioglu, C. Kesgin The Potential and Usage Areas of Agricultural Grain Wastes of Turkey S. Yucel, D. Ozcimen, P. Terzioglu Think..... Before Using It !!! S. Unver, F. Vardar, G. Emir

P47

P18

P48

P19 P20

P49 P50

P21

P51

P22

Fly Ashes: Can They Be Reused? E. Marras, B. Grosso

P52

P23

Assimilation of Oxygen and Production of Carbon Dioxide in Aerobic Landfill R. Slezak, L. Krzystek, S. Ledakowicz Educational Status and Disposal of Plastic Wastes R. Ponnusamy, S. Arumugam Determination of Landfill Gas Production in Hamitler Landfill of Bursa City in Turkey K.B. Varinca, M.T. Gonullu A New Model in the Medical Waste Management K.B. Varinca, C. Esmen, Y. Avsar Variability of Heavy Metal Concentrations in the Co-Digestion Process of Sewage Sludge and Landfill Leachate M. Lebiocka, A. Montusiewicz, M. Pawlowska Kinetic Modelling of Degradation of Contaminants in Landfill Leachate G. Varank, S. Top, E. Sekman, M.S. Bilgili. A. Demir Removal of Methane and Selected NMOCs from Landfill Gas Field Studies M. Pawlowska, M. Lebiocka, A. Montusiewicz Al Ghabawi Landfill Leachate Treatment By Plain Coagulation F.A.F. Al-Hadidi, B.M. Al Smadi

P53

P24

P54

P25

P55

P26

P56

P27

P57

P28

P58

P29 P30

P59 P60

INDEX
Page 1-40 2-8 9-18 19-25 26-33 34-40

Session 1-a : Biological Methods for Waste Disposal


Optimizing Farmyard Manure for Improved Nitrogen Use Efficiency and Enhanced Phenology in Wheat under a Range of Ploughing Intensity A. Khan, S. Zaheer Composting of Cattle Manure: Effects of Pre-Dewatering M.S. Binici, E. Mehmetli, C. Tosun, A. Baban, B. Calli Effect of Municipal Solid Waste Compost, Tea Compost and Rock Phosphate on P Content, Yield and Yield Components of Sweet Corn and P & pH of Soil H.R. Doroudian, A. Alahverdi Management of Anaerobic Digestates by Co-composting with Different Bulking Agents M.A. Bustamante, R. Moral, F. Sol-Mauri, A. Bonmat, J.A. Solans, M.P Bernal Stabilization of Cattle Manure with Anaerobic Digestion Process: A Pilot Scale Study T. Coskun, N. Manav Demir, E. Debik

41-77 42-50 51-56 57-68 69-77

Session 1-b : Hazardous Waste Management


Keynote Lecture: The Role of Risk Assessment in the Management of Hazardous, Industrial, and Special Wastes T. G. Townsend Hazardous Waste Generation from Household Appliances Industry in Turkey B. Yazici, B. Calli, B. Mertoglu, Z.S. Can, O. Gokyay, D. Akgul, U. Yetis Kinetics of Heavy Metals Leaching from Contaminated Soils in Metallurgical Plants P. Desogus, P.P. Manca, G. Orr Effect on Behavior of Settling Velocity by Addition of Coagulants and Flocculants in Wastewater from Barite Processing Plant V. Deniz

79-97 78-84 85-89 90-97

Session 2-a : Waste Management Legislations


Keynote Lecture: Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) Modeling of Alternative Waste Management Scenarios T.H. Christensen, J. Clavreul, J. Mller Evaluation of Solid Waste Management Alternatives Using Life Cycle Assessment As A Tool S. Cil, M.O. Polat, N. Bektas Financial Model Proposal Based on Household Income for Municipal Solid Waste Management M.C. Erturk, E. Gorgun, E. Citil

98-131 99-106 107-114 115-120 121-131

Session 2-b : Landfilling


Municipal Solid Waste Disposal in Russian Federation: Ways for More Intense Use of Landfills Sites N. Sliusar, V. Korotaev Approaches on the Prevention of Environmental Damages by Means of Plantng Around Solid Waste Landfill Areas U. Cosgun Reclamation of Dumpsite Towards Controlled Landfill Cell A Pilot Project at Cikundul Dumpsites in Sukabumi City S. Darwati, L. Meilany Spontaneous Combustion Fires in MSW Landfills: Energy Consideration S. Moqbel , D. Reinhart , R.-H. Chen

132-154 133-138 139-146 147-154

Session 3-a : Landfilling


Keynote Lecture:Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) Project Activity in Landfill Sites of Developing Countries J.-H. Hyun Sampling Frequency and Remedial Action Delay of Groundwater Contamination from Landfill Facilities E.K. Paleologos, K Papapetridis Landfills Assessments by Qualitative Reasoning Using Equationless Knowledge M. Reznakova, M. Dohnal, E. Vodickova

155-183 156-163 164-170 171-178 179-183

Session 3-b : Sludge Treatment and Disposal


Electroosmotic Dewatering of Red Mud M. Cigagna, B. Grosso, C. Levanti Experimental Analysis of Civil Sewage Sludge Recovery: the Co-Composting with OFMSW as Possible Solution F. Di Maria, G. Gigliotti, G. Cirulli The Usage of Sewage Sludge in Cement Kiln as Supplementary Fuel M.Kara, Y.Tabak, S.Yildiz, V. Enc, A.Kemirtlek Heavy Metals Released from Sewage Sludge Using Chemical Methods F.H. Ibrahim

INDEX
Page 184-227 185-199 200-206 207-218 219-227

Session 4-a : Solid Waste Collection and Transport


Cost-Gain Model in Municipal Solid Waste Management -Example of Istanbul A.E. Yildirim, S. Yildiz, V. Enc Household Solid Waste Management and Characterization in Tetouan City, Morocco Y. El Belhouan, M. Stitou Evaluating Peoples Attitude and Participation in Municipal Solid Waste Management: A Comparative Study in India and Qatar S. Khan, M.N .Faisal, I.H.Farooqi Determination of Household Packaging Waste Amounts in Istanbul S. Yildiz, V. Enc, S.E. Uzun, K. Dogan

228-259 229-235 236-240 241-252 253-259

Session 4-b : Thermal Technologies for Waste Disposal


HeidelbergCement-Akcansa: Advanced Treatment of Municipal Solid Waste and Sewage Sludge in Marmara Region J. Theulen, E. Hepvar Thermal Decomposition of Coal for Sustainable Use: A Case Study of Pakistani Lignite J. Nisar Modelling of a Downdraft Gasifier Fed by Agricultural Residues I.-S. Antonopoulos, A. Gkouletsos A. Karagiannidis, G. Perkoulidis On the Application of MSWI Bottom Ash as Aggregate-Replacement in Concrete Mixes M.V.A. Florea, A.Keulen, H.J.H. Brouwers

260-269 261-267 268-276 277-283 284-288 289-296

Session 5-a : Biological Methods for Waste Disposal


R&D Studies of Biogas Production via Different Organic Wastes K.S. Yigit, M. Gunduz, G. Serit, M. Farah, M. Sarac Preliminary Studies on H2 Production from Dark Fermentation of the Organic Fraction of Municipal Wastes E. Massi, C. Alisi, R. Ciccoli, G. De Gioannis, G. Giordano, I. Lepri, G. Migliore, A. Moreno, A. Polettini, R. Pomi, A. Sprocati Gasification of Primary Fine-Screened Solids for Energy Production P. Gikas, S.A. Noll, K. Stedman The Business Economics of the Composting Process in the Removal of Waste; As the Sample Istanbul Recycle and Composting Plant C. Yaman, A. Gunay, Y. Bayer Methanogenesis of Agro-Industrial Waste for Bioenergy Production R. Tabassum

297-324 298-300 301-311 312-317 317-324

Session 5-b : Industrial Waste Management


Keynote Lecture: Industrial Waste Management: Controversial Issues E. Gidarakos European Research on Waste Technologies - an Analysis of FP7-Funded Topics, Projects and Networks on Life-Cycle Thinking, Reuse and Recycling A. Martinuzzi, F. Montevecchi Characterization of Gas Distribution Companies Waste and Presenting Managing Strategies: A Case Study in East Azerbaijan Gas Company, Iran H. Taghipour, M. Assadi, F. Khodaei, B. Mardangahi, M. Mosaferi, A. Asl Hashemi The Importance of Construction and Demolition (C&D) Waste Management for Ecosystem Protection N. Cosgun

325-370 326-331 332-350 351-357 358-364 365-370

Session 6-a : Landfilling


Slurry TiO2 Photocatalytic Reactors Suitable for Leachate Treatments M. Dohnal, E. Vodickova, M. Reznakova Al Ghabawi Landfill Leachate Treatment by Fenton Oxidation F.A.F. Al-Hadidi, B.M. Al Smadi Estimation of Landfill Biogas Generation at Sanitary Landfills in Istanbul O.A. Arikan, M. Altinbas, O. Sevimoglu, I. Sel, I. Ozturk Energy Recovery from Landfill Biogas: The Effect of Micro-pollutant on an Existing Plant F. Di Maria Determination and Modelling COD Fractions of Leachate from Aerobic and Anaerobic Field Scale Landfill Reactors E. Sekman, S. Top, G. Varank, M.S. Bilgili, A. Demir

371-409 372-378 379-387 388-393 394-399 400-409

Session 6-b : Industrial Waste Management


Recycling of Industrial Waste in the Manufacture of Economical and Quality Construction Blocks M.U. Khan, M. Ahmed, K. Nazim, S.S. Shaukat Waste Reception from Ships, Treatment and Recovery of the Wastes: Istanbul Model C. Yaman, B. Taskinoglu, Y. Isik, E. Fakihoglu, I. Tanugur Implementation of New Environmental Technology for Oil Industry, Kuov Region, Albania B. Urbanek, E. Vodickova, V. Valko Lead Removal from Aqueous Solutions by Adsorption onto Activated Carbons E.Kayman, A.Ozyuguran, A.E.Mericboyu Solidification/Stabilization of Electric Arc Furnace Waste Using Steel Slag and Portland Cement B. Cubukcuoglu, S.K. Ouki

INDEX
Page
410-437 411-417 418-422 423-436

Session 7-a: Industrial Waste Management


Keynote Lecture: A Role of Cement Industry in Sustainable Utilization of Municipal Solid Wastes L. Pawlowski Investigation on the Possibilities for Recycling Construction and Demolition Waste in to Building Materials in Tanzania M.M. Sabai, M.V.A. Florea, R.R. Mato, H.J.H. Brouwers, E.L.C. Egmond, J.J.N Lichtenberg Effect of Industrial Waste on Early Growth and Phytoremediation Potential of Avicennia marina (Forsk.) Vierh K. Nazim, M. Ahmed, M.U. Khan, S.S. Shaukat

437-462 438-446 447-453 454-458 459-462

Session 7-b : Hospital Waste Management


An Analytic Network Process Approach for the Selection of Waste Management Contractors in Hamad Medical Corporation M.N. Faisal Sustainable Medical Waste Management in Sakarya, Turkey A. Celebi, A.S. Erses Yay Lebanese Sterilization Network of Potentially Infectious Health Care Waste: Creation and Management System D. Salameh, O. Maamari, D. Obeid, R. Lteif, F. Moujaes, M. Asmar Dont Mess Plastic Caps with the Household Waste S. Unver, M. Altinay, G. Emir

463-493 464-472 473-481 482-487 488-493

Session 8-a : Waste Management Legislations


Presentation to Waste Management Legislation in Urban of Uganda T.D. Kasiiba , S.A. Abdulah Waste Water Management Master Plan for the Megacity of Dhaka: Approach and Challenges M.M. Hossain, S.M.M. Rahman, I.A. Taher Waste Minimisation and the Challenges Experienced in South Africa E. Prosper Electrical and Electronic Waste (E-Waste) Management in Turkey S. Sayar, G. Borucu, A.S. Erses Yay

494-526 495-502 503-508 509-518 519-526

Session 8-b : Hazardous Waste Management


Hazardous Waste Temporary Storage Facility Design and Operations in Turkey C. Avci, T. Yuksel, E.A. Berkay Urtkin Investigation of Hazardous Waste Generation By Turkish Automotive Industry B. Yazici, Z.S. Can, O. Gokyay, B. Calli, B. Mertoglu, D. Akgul, U. Yetis Screening of Boron Tolerant Bacteria Isolated from Fly Ash Dumping Site for Boron Remediation E.R. Chellaiah, K. Omine Recycling of NiCd Batteries by Hydrometallurgical Process on Small Scale T.I. Qureshi

527-560 528-532 533-539 540-544 545-552 553-560

Session 9-a : Industrial Waste Management


Removal of Pesticide by Activated Carbon J. Gulen, C. Cesmeli Kinetics of Reactive Dyes Adsorption on the Waste Ashes from City Heating Station M. Smelcerovic, N. Djordjevic, D. Stojkovic, D. Djordje Electrochemical Treatment of Textile Dyeing Wastewater with Procion Red MX-5B Reactive Dye using Pt/Ir Electrodes S. Alaca, B.K. Korbahti Studies on Treatment of Phenolic Wastewater Using Biological and Irradiation Techniques S. Cheela, G. Swaminathan Effect of Sonication on Catalytic Wet Peroxide Oxidation of Orange II M. Dukkanci, G. Gunduz, E. Bolova

561-600 562-571 572-579 580-585 586-595 596-600

Session 9-b : Industrial Waste Management


The Role of Magnetite and Magnetite/Bentonite Composites for Adsorption of Pb+2 in Wastewater C. Poyraz, E. Atalay, Y. Kalpakli, I. Salt Treatment for Removal of Sulfate from Gypsum Contaminated Wastes P Kijjanapanich, A.P. Annachhatre , P.N. L. Lens Management and Issues of Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment in Korea Y.C. Jang, M. Kim Use of Okra Waste to Remove Arsenic from Industrial Wastewater: An Environmental Friendly Remediation Technology S. Memon, M.I. Khaskheli, M.Y. Khuhawar Combining Easy-Care and Flame Retardant Finishing for Cotton F. Uddin

INDEX
Page
603-606 607-611 612-618 619-623 624-631 632-637 638-643 644-649 650-657 658-663 664-666 667-674 675-679 680-687 688-692 693-699 700-704 705-707 708-713 714-720 721-723 724-733 734-740 741-749 750-757 758-766 767-772 773-778 779-784 785-799 800-803

POSTER PRESENTATIONS
Solidification/Stabilization of Treatment Sludge Contains Heavy Metals K.B. Varinca, M.T. Gonullu Combined Effect of Water Contamination with Cobalt and Nickel on Metabolism of Albino (Wistar) Rats Z. Kechrid , F. Dahdouh SOS Chromotest Methodology and CIF Values for the Golden Horn E. Kocak, M.T. Gonullu The Use of Solar Energy in a Low-Cost Drying System for Solid Waste Management: Concept, Design and Performance Analysis M.A. Tony, A.M. Tayeb E-Waste Management Challenges in Iran and Presenting Some Strategies for Improving of Current Condition H. Taghipour, P. Norouz, J. Nazari, A. Asl Hashemi, M. Mosaferi Investigation of the Gaseous Products from Pyrolysis of Agricultural Waste Biomass Species H. Haykiri-Acma, F. Cakroglu, S. Yaman Solidification/Stabilization of Drinking Water Treatment Plant Which Contains Arsenic Milena Dalmacija , Boo Dalmacija, Dejan Krmar, Milena Beeli-Tomin, Sofija Poguberovi, Jasmina Agbab Operational Parameters Effects on the Treatment of an Oily Wastewater by Electrochemical Process K. Bensadok, N. Gousmi, N. El-Hanafi Optimization of Model Parameters of Methane Emission at Istanbul Odayeri Landfill by Genetic Algorithm H.K. Ozcan, N. Balkaya, E. Bilgili, O.N. Ucan, C. Bayat Recovery of Nickel from NiO/Al2O3 Reforming Catalyst S. Djerad, N. Habbache, L. Tifouti The Situation of Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment: A General Evaluation E. Elmaslar Ozbas, A. Ongen, A. H. Dokmeci Spectrophotometric Determination of Astrazon RED GTLN in Water and Filament Sample After Seperation and Preconcentration Via Cloud Point Extraction Method A.T. Bisgin, I. Narin, M. Uan Removal of Pestiside by Perlite J. Gulen, O. Deler Kinetics and Thermodynamics of Cd(II) Ions Sorption on Mixed Sorbents Prepared from Olive Stone and Date Pit from Aqueous Solution K. Louhab, N. Babakhoya, H. Aksas Life Cycle Assessment As A Solution For Sustainable Environmental Algeria S. Tireche, A. Tairii Adsorption Kinetics of Lead Ions onto Activated Carbons S.Mutlu, A.Ozyuguran, A.Ersoy Mericboyu Sensibility of Bio-methane Production to Kinetics Parameters Constants in Co-digestion Process K. Derbal, R. Hariche, M. Bencheikh-lehocine, A.H. Meniai Effects of Heavy Metal Phytoextraction Amendments on Feacal Coliform Inactivation in Sewage Sludge G. Dede, S. Ozdemir, I. Yildirim Purification of Waste Frying Oil For Biodiesel Production S. Yucel, D. Ozcimen, P. Terzioglu, C. Kesgin The Potential and Usage Areas of Agricultural Grain Wastes of Turkey S. Yucel, D. Ozcimen, P. Terzioglu Think..... Before Using It !!! S. Unver, F. Vardar, G. Emir Fly Ashes: Can They Be Reused? E. Marras, B. Grosso Assimilation of Oxygen and Production of Carbon Dioxide in Aerobic Landfill R. Slezak, L. Krzystek, S. Ledakowicz Educational Status and Disposal of Plastic Wastes R. Ponnusamy, S. Arumugam Determination of Landfill Gas Production in Hamitler Landfill of Bursa City in Turkey K.B. Varinca, M.T. Gonullu A New Model in the Medical Waste Management K.B. Varinca, C. Esmen, Y. Avsar Variability of Heavy Metal Concentrations in the Co-Digestion Process of Sewage Sludge and Landfill Leachate M. Lebiocka, A. Montusiewicz, M. Pawlowska Kinetic Modelling of Degradation of Contaminants in Landfill Leachate G. Varank, S. Top, E. Sekman, M.S. Bilgili. A. Demir Removal of Methane and Selected NMOCs from Landfill Gas Field Studies M. Pawlowska, M. Lebiocka, A. Montusiewicz Al Ghabawi Landfill Leachate Treatment By Plain Coagulation F.A.F. Al-Hadidi, B.M. Al Smadi Municipal Solid Wastes and Groundwater Pollution S. Ocak, S. Orcen

INDEX
Page
804-811 812-819 820-824 825-831 832-839 840-846 847-853 854-857 858-863 864-872 873-878 879-883 884-889 890-894 895-901 902-906

POSTER PRESENTATIONS
Microbial Decolorization of Commonly Used Azo Dyes in Textile Industry M. Arshad, M. Imran, R. Waqas, A. Khalid Usage of CMC Based Semi-IPN Hydrogels for Removal of Basic Dyes from Wastewater A. Bal, B. Ozkahraman, I. Acar, S. Emik Waste Sludge Disposal B. Guler, M.S. Guney Experimental Analysis of Civil Sewage Sludge Recovery: The Co-Composting with OFMSW As Possible Solution F. Di Maria, G. Gigliotti, G. Cirulli Waste Plastic Degradation By Chemical Recycling Method A. Koc, D.P. Cogur , E. Kasimoglu Hydrogeological Monitoring of the Prague Dablice Landfill E. Vodickova, J. Stefecka, T. Sverak Fouling of Ion Exchange Membranes in Electrodialysis Process for Recovery of Leachate Compounds S. Yazici, F. Ilhan, H. Sari, Y. Aydin, K. Ulucan, U. Kurt Characterization for Proper Management of Used Automotive Oils V. Pelitli, O. Dogan, E. Erpek, H.J. Koroglu Recyclable Solid Waste Characterization and Recycling Studies for the Campuses of A University O. Apaydin, M.T. Gonullu Treatment of Bilge Water by Electrocoagulation/Electroflotation Process:Optimization with Response Surface Method K.Ulucan, F.Ilhan, S.Cikaranoglu, S. Yazici, H.Sari, U.Kurt Landfill Leachate Treatment By Hydrodynamic Cavitation and Ozone M. Korniluk, J. Ozonek Removal of Cu(II) Ions from Aqueous Solutions Using Crosslinked Polymers Z. Boyunegmez, S. Kaya, F. Tumsek, M. Solener Elimination of Copper Ions from Wastewater by Modified Orange Peels: Equilibrium and Adsorption Isotherms A. Khalfaoui, A.H. Meniai Bioremediation of 2, 4, 6 Trinitrotoluene Contaminated Soil Using In Vessel Composting Method B. Gumuscu, T. Tekinay, D. Cekmecelioglu Survey on Energy Recovery Potential of Municipal Solid Waste in Northwest of Iran A. Mohammadi, M.M. Amin, A. Ebrahimi Performance Comparison of the Microwave Oven and Conventional Electrical Furnace in the Weight Reduction and Final Stabilization of the South Isfahan Wastewater Treatment Plants Sludges A. Ebrahimi, M.M. Amin, A.M, H.M. Attar Municipal Solid Waste Landfill and VOCs S. Ocak Refractory Fractions Contrary to Oxidative Degradation in Textile Wastewater U. Kurt, C. Dogan Waste Management in Public Hospitals in Romania C.F. Buicu Research on the Knowledge, Attitude and Behavioral Levels of Healthcare Institutions in the Province of Trabzon Related With Medical Waste Bags and Cups O. Ucuncu, S. Doruk In the Process of Harmonization to the EU, Packaging and Packaging Waste Management Regulation in Turkey and Its Application in Municipalities, The Case of the City of Trabzon S. Doruk, O. Ucuncu Training of Hospital Staff on Hospital Waste Management (HWM) Practices and Challenges in Implementing (HWM) in 10 Public and Private Sector Hospitals of Islamabad and Rawalpindi, Pakistan R. Kumar, E.A. Khan, J. Ahmed, M. Magan Using Wet Air Oxidation/GAC Adsorption Coupled Process for Leachate Treatment B. Karimi, M. H. Ehramposh, M. Mokhtari, A. Ebrahimi Resource Recovery from Used Tires in Greece: A Field Survey, State-of-Art and Trends, Focusing on Sensitivity Analysis T. Kasampalis, A. Karagiannidis, I.-S. Antonopoulos Application of Ion Exchange Substrate for Stabilization of Recultivated Layers of Dumping Sites M. Chomczynska Removal of Basic Dyes from Aqueous Solutions Using Depolymerization Intermediates of Waste PET as Alternative Adsorbent A. Bal, I. Acar, G.Guclu The Effects of Cheese Whey on Kura River, Ardahan F. Yangilar, S. Seker The Usage of Cereal Waste Products for Bleaching of Oil S. Yucel, D. Ozcimen, P. Terzioglu Solid Waste Disposal Strategy A. Gunay, T. Yaman, Y. Caglar, Y. Koc

907-910 911-917 918-926 927-934 935-941

942-949

950-961 962-972 973-978 979-984 985-989 990-994 995-999

603

Solidification/Stabilization of Treatment Sludge Contains Heavy Metals


Kmil B. Varinca1 , M. Talha Gonullu2
Abstract
Stabilization is a pre-landfill waste treatment process, which has been used for different types of industrial wastes, but is particularly suited to those containing heavy metals. In this working, solidification/stabilization treatment sludge contains heavy metals of is investigated. Unconfined Compressive Strength (UCS) Test and Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP) Test are performed on samples. Effect of different mixture ratios on solidification performance is produced. Keywords: Heavy metals, solidification, stabilization, TCLP, treatment sludge, UCS

1. INTRODUCTION
Stabilization is a pre-landfill waste treatment process, which has been used for different types of industrial wastes, but is particularly suited to those containing heavy metals. The solidification/stabilization (S/S) process utilizes chemically reactive formulations that, together with the water and other components in sludges and other aqueous hazardous wastes, form stable solids. The material used for solidification/stabilization (S/S) not only solidifies the hazardous waste by chemical means but also insolublizes, immobilizes, encapsulates, destroys, sorbs, or otherwise interacts with selected waste components. The result of these interactions is solids that are non-hazardous or less hazardous than the original waste. The degree of effectiveness of these S/S products is defined basically by two parameters strength and the leach resistance [1, 2]. M ethods used for studying effectiveness of S/S process are physical, chemical and microstructural. Researches has investigated range of wastes for which the proportions of cement, wastes, and fillers which consistently produce satisfactory product. Solidification may vary considerably with waste type, upon scaling up, and in cost. S/S of wastes has been examined in the laboratory . Cement is most frequently used and widely studied binder. Solidification with cement is widely understood and simple, is easily available and results in a stable product [3]. In general other binders (sulphate resistant Portland cement (SRPC), white cement, kiln dust, lime, fly ash, pulverized fuel ash (PFA), silicates, etc.) partially replace Portland Cement, which can have a positive or negative effect on strength, setting time and hydration. Strength test data often are used to provide a baseline comparison between unstabilized and stabilized wastes. Unstabilized waste materials generally do not exhibit good shear strength, however, if the waste is stabilized into cement like form, the strength characteristics can be expected to increase significantly [2, 4]. M inimum required unconfined compressive strength (UCS) for a stabilized/solidified material should be evaluated on the basis of the design loads. EPA considers a S/S material with strength of 0.35 M Pa to have a satisfactory unconfined compressive strength. In UK acceptable 28-day strength is 0.7 M Pa [5]. Cement contents varying from 5% to 20% are routinely used to solidify waste. Low cement content does not adequately coat individual waste particles, but still tends to result in set and rigidity of the waste form. Solidified materials are weak (strengths typically <1 MPa), and contain significantly less cementious

Corresponding author: Yildiz Technical University Environmental Engineering Department, 34220, Esenler/stanbul/Turkey kvarinca@yildiz.edu.tr Yildiz Technical University Environmental Engineering Department, 34220, Esenler/stanbul/Turkey gonul@yildiz.edu.tr

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EurAsia Waste Management Symposium, 14-16 November 2011, Hali Congress Center, stanbul/Trkiye materials and more water, than, for example, concrete. It is known that compressive strength is dependent on the quality of pore structure of the cement-based materials [6]. Solidified products are expected to harden over 25-day period. The effect of waste is studied by adding progressive quantities to cement. Solidified products are expected to harden over 25-day period. The effect of waste is studied by adding progressive quantities to cement. A severe strength loss could be observed at low waste additions for example introduction of Zn, Pb, Cd at 1% by weight do not effect strength development [7]. UCS decreases as water increases in most solidification recipes. It was found that the smaller the sludge to binder ratio, the better the physical and chemical properties of the solidified monoliths. This conclusion resulted from durability, unconfined compressive and TCLP testing [8]. Compressive strength depends on the quality of pore structure of the cement-based materials. This quality is moreover dependent on the kind and quantity of the constituent forming pore structure (cement hydration products and their reaction with admixtures). The calcined product of the cement consists mainly of four mineral phases: alite (C 3S), belite (C2S), aluminate (C3A), and ferrite (C4AF). Other phases are free lime (CaO) and gypsum (CaSO 42H 2O). Alite and belite hydrate to CSH and portlandite. When lime and gypsum are present, aluminate hydrates into calcium aluminate hydrate (C4AH13) [9]. UCS decreases with increasing crystalline phases [10, 11]. The standard initial and final setting time reported for OPC should not be less than 45 min and more than 10 h, respectively [12].

2. EXPERIMENTAL
Waste used in this study is a sludge from wastewater treatment plant of accumulator manufacturing factory . M etal concentrations of sludge content are shown in Table 1. All the samples were prepared by mixing the binder and the other components. For the preparation of the referred specimens, Portland Cement (CEM I 32.5 type) was used as binder. M ixture ratios are given in Table 2.
Table 1. Metal concentrations of sludge content

Content Pb Cd Cr Cu Fe Ni

Concentration (mg/L) 615 0,073 12,68 5,0 300 2,81

Table 2. Waste ratios of samples

Sample No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Waste Ratio (%) 0,0 1,7 3,3 5,0 10,0 25,0 50,0 75,0

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Solidification/Stabilization of Treatment Sludge Contains Heavy Metals K.B. Varinca, M.T. Gonullu

3. RES ULTS 3.1. Unconfined Compressive Strength (UC S)


The prepared samples were cured for 28 days at 25 C and their compressive strength was determined, P 32,5 TS EN196-1 [13]. according to the methods of the Turkish StandardMukavemet Neticeleri The results are shown in Figure 1.
14 12

Basn dayanm (N/mm )

10 8 6 4 2 0 1. Deneme 2. Deneme 3. Deneme Ortalama

0,0% 8,7 9,7 10,0 9,4

1,7% 8,4 8,5 10,2 9,1

3,3% 7,4 9,2 9,9 8,8

5,0% 9,1 9,1 8,3 8,8 Numune

10,0% 5,9 7,9 7,8 7,2

25,0% 4,5 4,6 3,9 4,3

50,0% 2,4 2,4 2,5 2,4

75,0% 0,1 0,1 0,3 0,2

1. Deneme

2. Deneme

3. Deneme

Ortalama

Figure 1. Results of compressive strength

3.2. Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP)


Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure is a test method prepared by EPA (M ethod 1311). Summary of test is that for wastes containing greater than or equal to 0.5% solids, the liquid, if any, is separated from the solid phase and stored for later analysis; the particle size of the solid phase is reduced, if necessary. The solid phase is extracted with an amount of extraction fluid equal to 20 times the weight of the solid phase. The extraction fluid employed is a function of the alkalinity of the solid phase of the waste. A special extractor vessel is used when testing for volatile analytes. Following extraction, the liquid extract is separated from the solid phase by filtration through a 0.6 to 0.8 m glass fiber filter [14]. Concentration of metals after TCLP are shown in Table 2. Sample No 1 (%0) 2 (%1,7) 3 (%3,3) 4 (%5) 5 (%10) 6 (%25) 7 (%50) 8 (%75) Pb mg/L 0,000000 0,000021 0,000632 0,000985 0,002851 0,009110 0,063273 168,10000 Cd mg/L 0,000000 0,000616 0,000971 0,000000 0,000000 0,000938 0,001206 0,047912 Cr mg/L 0,126940 0,076352 0,086799 0,076989 0,069763 0,050162 0,027181 0,031688 Cu mg/L 0,000000 0,000000 0,000000 0,002002 0,035585 0,292830 0,702390 3,770200 Ni mg/L 0,017784 0,005397 0,012270 0,000000 0,000000 0,000000 0,317980 2,286100

4. CONCLUS ION
In this study, solidification/stabilization treatment sludge contains heavy metals of is investigated. Treatment sludges are taken from a wastewater treatment plant of accumulator manufacturing factory. Cement used as a binder. Wastes are mixed with cement and water. M ixture is cured for 28 days. Then, Unconfined Compressive Strength (UCS) Test and Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP) Test are performed on samples. Results show that solidification can be performed successfully for sludges contain

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EurAsia Waste Management Symposium, 14-16 November 2011, Hali Congress Center, stanbul/Trkiye heavy metals. M ixture ratios should be selected as appropriate for the methods of disposal allowed by local legislations.

REFERENCES
[1]. J.R. Conner, Chemical Fixation and Solidification of Hazardous Waste, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1990. [2]. E. Barth, P. Percin, M. Arozarena, J. Zieleinswski, M. Dosani, H. Maxey, S. Hokanson, C. Pryately, T . Whipple, R. Kravitz, M. Cullinane, L. Jones, P. Malone, Stabilization and Solidification of Hazardous Wastes, Noyes Data Corporation, New Jersey, USA, 1989.Bursa Metropolitan Municipality, 2009. [3]. A. Roy, H.C. Eaton, F.K. Cartledge and M.E. T ittlebaum, Solidification/stabilization of heavy metal sludge by a Portland cement/fly ash binding mixture hazard. Waste Hazard. Mater., 8 (1991), pp. 3339. [4]. Stabilization/solidification of CERCLA and RCRA wastes: physical tests, chemical testing procedures, technology screening and field activities, EPA/625/6-89/022, May 1989. [5]. C.D. Hills and S.J.T . Pollard, Influence of interferences effect on the mechanical, microstructural and fixation characteristics of cement -solidified hazardous waste forms. J. Hazard. Mater., 52 (1997), pp. 171191. [6]. V. Zivica, Hardening and properties of cement-based materials incorporating heavy metals oxides. Bull. Mater. Sci., 20 (1997), pp. 677683. [7]. A. Bobrowski, M. Gawlicki and J. Malolepszy, Analytical evaluation of immobilization of heavy metals in cement matrices. Environ. Sci. Technol., 31 (1997), pp. 745749. [8]. C.C.G. Yang, Durability study of a solidified mercury-containing sludge. J. Hazard. Mater., 34 (1993), pp. 217223. [9]. J. Bensted, S.N. Ghosh, Editor, Advances in Cement Technology, Pergamon Press, Oxford (1983) p. 307. [10]. A. Roy, E.C. Harvill, F.K. Carteledge and M.E. Tittlebaum, T he effect of sodium sulphate on solidification/stabilization of synthetic electroplating sludge in cementious binders. J. Hazard. Mater., 30 (1992), pp. 297316. [11]. K.M. Alexander and C.E.S. Davis. Aust. J. Appl. Sci., 11 (1960), p. 1. [12]. J.H. Tay, Sludge ash as a filler for Portland cement concrete. J. Environ. Eng., 113 (1987), pp. 345 351. [13]. T urkish Standards Institution, T S EN 196-1 Methods of testing cement - Part 1: Determination of strength. [14]. EPA Test Method 1311 3.2. Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure (T CLP).

BIOGRAPHY
Kamil B. VARINCA works as a research assistant at Yldz Technical University Environmental Engineering Department. Varnca received his BSc in Environmental Engineering in 2002 from stanbul University, stanbul, Turkey, and his MSc in Environmental Engineering in 2006 from Yldz Technical University, stanbul, Turkey. He is still PhD student on Hazardous Waste Management at Yldz Technical University Environmental Engineering Department. Varnca is a member of Chamber of Environmental Engineers (CEE) and Turkish National Committee on Solid Wastes (TNCSW). He may be contacted at kvarinca@yildiz.edu.tr or kvarinca@gmail.com.

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EURASIA WASTE MANAGEMENT SYMPOSIUM
14 - 16 NOVEMBER 2011 HAL CONGRESS CENTER ISTANBUL / TURKEY