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Jump to: navigation, search This article is about the a utomobile manufacturer. For other uses, see Ferrari (disambiguation).
44°31′57″N 10°51′51″E / 44.532447°N 10.864137°E / 44.532447; 10.864137
Type Industry Founded Founder(s) Headquarters
Società per azioni Automotive 1947 (historical 1929) Enzo Ferrari Maranello, Italy Luca di Montezemolo
Products Production output
Sports cars 6,573 units (2010)
p.1 Scuderia Ferrari 2.5 Naming conventions 4.A. especially in Formula One.1 Technical partnerships 5.721 (2010) Fiat S.com Ferrari S.919 million (2010) Fiat S. Ferrari. is an Italian sports car manufacturer based in Maranello. Italy.1 Colour 5.2 Supercars 3. Founded by Enzo Ferrari in 1929. the company sponsored drivers and manufactured race cars before moving into production of street-legal vehicles as Ferrari S.2 Sales history • 3 Road cars ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ • • 4 Identity ○ ○ ○ 5 Corporate affairs • • • • 6 See also 7 Notes 8 References 9 External links . the company has been noted for its continued participation in racing.2 Race cars for other teams 3.p.p. in 1947.A.p. where it has had great success. Contents [hide] • • 1 History 2 Motorsport ○ ○ 2.3 Concept cars and specials 3.A.A.1 Current models 3. 90% 2.Revenue Owner(s) Employees Parent Website € 1. as Scuderia Ferrari. Throughout its history.4 Bio-fuel and hybrid cars 3.
for $12. by RM Auctions and Sotheby's.8 million apiece. In 1988. and successfully raced. the Scuderia briefly became Auto Avio Costruzioni Ferrari. the Tipo 815. see List of Ferrari competition cars. Because he was prohibited by contract from racing for four years. 166MM Barchetta 212/225 The first Ferrari road car was the 1947 125 S. it is correctly pronounced [skude ˈriːa]) in 1928 as a sponsor for amateur drivers headquartered in Modena. Alfa Romeo was confiscated by the fascist government of Benito Mussolini as part of the Axis Powers' war effort. this would remain little more than a source of funding for his racing operations.  Motorsport For a complete list of Ferrari racing cars. Ferrari introduced the Enzo. Ferrari prepared.History Main article: History of Ferrari Enzo Ferrari never intended to produce road cars when he formed Scuderia Ferrari (literally "Ferrari Stable". Italy. Enzo Ferrari reluctantly built and sold his automobiles to fund Scuderia Ferrari. Ferrari did in fact produce one race car. as each one cost $1. in honor of the company's founder: Enzo Ferrari. various drivers in Alfa Romeo cars until 1938. and arguably one of the most famous supercars ever made. but due to World War II it saw little competition. powered by a 1. after the war ended. From 2002 to 2004. the last new Ferrari to be launched before his death later that year. when he was hired by Alfa Romeo to head their motor racing department. and included a works for road car production. . where it has remained ever since. in the non-competition period. Enzo Ferrari oversaw the launch of the Ferrari F40. its fastest model at the time. It was restricted to only the most wealthy automobile enthusiasts. which ostensibly produced machine tools and aircraft accessories. It was the first actual Ferrari car (it debuted at the 1940 Mille Miglia). Also known as SEFAC (Scuderia Enzo Ferrari Auto Corse). The factory was bombed by the Allies in 1944 and rebuilt in 1946. however. a 1957 250 Testa Rossa (TR) was auctioned. On 17 May 2009 in Maranello. Enzo Ferrari's division was small enough to be unaffected by this.1 million — a world record at that time for the most expensive car ever sold at an auction. That record is now held by a Bugatti Atlantic which sold for over $28 million. and usually used to mean "Team Ferrari". In 1941.5 L V12 engine. Until Il Commendatore's death. In 1943 the Ferrari factory moved to Maranello.
John Surtees. with Kimi Räikkönen. Ferrari has been involved in motorsport. Mario Andretti. Patrick Tambay. and 218 fastest laps in 776 Grands Prix contested. 1956.Ferrari 312T2 Formula One car driven by Niki Lauda Since the company's beginnings. Eddie Irvine. 2002. Gilles Villeneuve. Michele Alboreto. 2003. along with the other F1 teams. Kimi Räikkönen. 209 Grand Prix victories. Ludovico Scarfiotti. Notable Ferrari drivers include José Froilán González. 1979. 2003. Ferrari is the oldest team in the championship. Olivier Gendebien. 1979. 1982. the team's records include 15 World Drivers Championship titles (1952. Rubens Barrichello. and Fernando Alonso. the team courted controversy by continuing to allow Marlboro to sponsor them after they. Carlos Reutemann. Nigel Mansell. 1964. It is the only team to have competed in the Formula One World Championship continuously since its inception in 1950. 622 podium finishes. At the end of the 2006 season. 1958. 4925. although it was not badged as a Ferrari model. Tazio Nuvolari. Didier Pironi. Michael Schumacher. The 1940 AAC 815 was the first racing car to be designed by Enzo Ferrari. Jean Alesi. Scuderia Ferrari won a Formula One driver's title in 2007.27 points. Scuderia Ferrari Main article: Scuderia Ferrari Scuderia Ferrari has participated in a number of classes of motorsport. 2004. As of 2008[update]. Luigi Chinetti. 1977. 2004 and 2007) 16 World Constructors Championship titles (1961. Alberto Ascari. 1975. 2001. made a promise to . Gerhard Berger. 2000. Giancarlo Baghetti. Lorenzo Bandini. 1983. 1964. 1999. Marcin Zatorski Juan Manuel Fangio. 1975. Clay Regazzoni. René Arnoux. Jacky Ickx. 2000. Alberto Ascari gave Ferrari its first Drivers Championship a year later. 1976. and the most successful: the team holds nearly every Formula One record. 2007 and 2008). 2001. José Froilán González gave the team its first F1 victory at the 1951 British Grand Prix. Alain Prost. though it is currently only involved in Formula One. 1977. Peter Collins. Niki Lauda. Felipe Massa. 1953. 203 pole positions. Mike Hawthorn. Jody Scheckter. competing in a range of categories including Formula One and sports car racing through its Scuderia Ferrari sporting division as well as supplying cars and engines to other teams and for one make series. 2002. 1961. Wolfgang von Trips. Phil Hill.
One famous example was Tony Vandervell's team. A 312PB (driven by Jacky Ickx) during the team's final year in the World Sportscar Championship. the 1972 World Championship of Makes before Enzo decided to leave sports car racing after 1973 and allow Scuderia Ferrari to concentrate solely on Formula One. winning the title seven out of its first nine years. A five year deal was agreed and although this is not due to end until 2011. As of 2010 Fernando Alonso has started racing for Ferrari after racing for Renault. they also gained more wins at the 24 Hours of Le Mans. Luigi Chinetti drove a 166 M to Ferrari's first win in motorsports. In the 1950s and 60s. the 24 Hours of Le Mans. During Ferrari's seasons of the World Sportscars Championship. Ferrari also entered cars in sportscar racing. aside from its own works Scuderia Ferrari team. followed by five consecutive wins from 1960 to 1964. Another win would come in 1958. Ferrari earned titles in at least one class each year through to 1965 and then again in 1967. Minardi and Mclaren. Ferrari has supplied racing cars to other entrants. Ferrari would win one final title.end sponsorship deals with tobacco manufacturers. Although Scuderia Ferrari no longer participated in sports cars after 1973. with the factory team earning their first in 1954. In addition to Formula One. in April 2008 Marlboro dropped their on-car branding on Ferrari. Race cars for other teams Throughout its history. These include the BB 512 LM in the 1970s. they have occasionally built various successful sports cars for privateers. and currently the F430 GT2 and GT3 which are currently winning championships in their respective classes. Luigi Chinetti's North American Racing Team (NART) would take Ferrari's final victory at Le Mans in 1965. which raced the Thinwall Special modified Ferraris before building their own Vanwall cars. filling Kimi Räikkönen's former seat. The North American Racing Team's entries in the final three rounds of the 1969 season were the last occasions on which a team other than Scuderia Ferrari entered a World Championship Grand Prix with a Ferrari car. When the championship format changed in 1962. . The drivers competing for 2009 were Felipe Massa and defending champion Kimi Räikkönen. Ferrari went on to dominate the early years of the World Sportscar Championship which was created in 1953. Ferrari supplied Formula One cars to a number of private entrants and other teams. the 333 SP which won the IMSA GT Championship in the 1990s. In 1949. the two programs existing in parallel for many years.
the 2006 FXX is not road legal. For a time. both the GT4 and Mondial were closely related to the 308 GTB. Road cars For a complete list. The company has also produced front-engined 2+2 cars. which continues to make up the bulk of Ferrari sales to the present day. culminating in the current 612 Scaglietti and California.brake • • Ferrari's first vehicle was the 125 S sports/racing model. Ferrari built 2+2 versions of its mid-engined V8 cars. The 599 GTB Fiorano and F430 GT are used in GT racing series. Ferrari 166 Inter Coupe Touring Current models California • 458 Italia • • 599 GTB Fiorano • FF • • Grand tourer V8 engine Sports car Mid engine V8 Grand tourer V12 engine Grand tourer 4WD V12 shooting. In 1949. see List of Ferrari road cars. including future and concept car models. Although they looked quite different from their 2-seat counterparts. V8 Ferrari models make up well over half of the marque's total production. Zagato and Bertone. The Dino was the first mid-engined Ferrari. . and is therefore only used for track events.Ferrari supplied cars complete with V8 engines for the A1 Grand Prix series. The Ferrari Challenge is a one make racing series for the Ferrari F430. the Ferrari 166 Inter. The car was designed by Rory Byrne and is styled to resemble the 2004 Ferrari Formula one car. the company's first move into the grand touring market. This layout would go on to be used in most Ferraris of the 1980s and 1990s. Ferrari's latest supercar. from the 2008-09 season. Several early cars featured bodywork customised by a number of coachbuilders such as Pininfarina.
While some of these were quite radical (such as the Ferrari Modulo) and never intended for production. Supercars Enzo Ferrari The company's loftiest efforts have been in the supercar market. The 1962 250 GTO may be considered the first in the line of Ferrari supercars. some of which have been commissioned by wealthy owners. which extends to the recent Enzo Ferrari and FXX models. A number of one-off special versions of Ferrari road cars have also been produced. . others such as the Ferrari Mythos have shown styling elements which were later incorporated into production models. Concept cars and specials Ferrari P4/5 Ferrari has produced a number of concept cars.Ferrari entered the mid-engined 12-cylinder fray with the Berlinetta Boxer in 1973. such as the Ferrari Mythos. The later Testarossa remains one of the most famous Ferraris. The most recent concept car to be produced by Ferrari themselves was the 2010 Ferrari Millechili. One of the examples is the Ferrari P4/5.
The Enzo skipped this rule. is the 458 Italia. Called the "HY-KERS Concept". Ferrari followed a three-number naming scheme based on engine displacement: • V6 and V8 models used the total displacement (in decilitres) for the first two digits and the number of cylinders as the third. such as the 1980 Mondial and the 1984 Testarossa did not follow a three-number naming scheme. Flat 12 (boxer) models used the displacement in litres. Upon introduction of the 360 Modena. The first car under this program is the SP1. Therefore. such as the F40 and F50. The numerical indication aspect of this name has carried on to the current V8 model. which uses the same naming as the 206 and 348. although. At the 2010 Geneva Motor Show. the original Berlinetta Boxer was the 365 GT4 BB. A F430 Spider that runs on ethanol was displayed at the 2008 Detroit Auto Show. The F430's replacement. However. commissioned by an American enthusiast. Thus. Pininfarina. which was named in a similar manner to the V12 models. the 206 was a 2. some newer V12-engined Ferraris. the famed 365 Daytona had a 4390 cc V12. Ferrari's hybrid system adds more than 100 horsepower on top of the 599 Fiorano's 612 HP. the digits for V8 models (which now carried a name as well as a number) refer only to total engine displacement. however.The Special Projects program is a collaboration by Ferrari with Italian automobile coachbuilders such as Fioravanti. V12 models used the displacement (in cubic centimetres) of one cylinder. such as the 599. Ferrari unveiled a hybrid version of their flagship 599. Naming conventions Until the early 1980s. The second is the P540 Superfast Aperta. commissioned by a Japanese business executive. However. Ferrari has announced that a hybrid will be in production by 2015. Bio-fuel and hybrid cars Ferrari has considered making hybrids. the BB 512 was five litre flat 12 (a Berlinetta Boxer. and Zagato to build custom cars using selected Ferrari models as a structural base. have three-number designations that refer only to total engine displacement. the F430. for the F355. Some models. Halo Car F followed by the anniversary in years. in this case). • • • • 612 Scaglietti Sessanta Edition . while the 348 used a 3. but it will return in the upcoming F70. Therefore.0 L V6 powered vehicle. the last digit refers to 5 valves per cylinder.4 L V8.
 The various Dino models were named for Enzo's son. Ferrari added the letter "F" to the beginning of all models (a practice abandoned after the F512 M and F355. usually with the letters S F (for Scuderia Ferrari). or coupes. Only three models bear those three letters.Most Ferraris were also given designations referring to their body style. GTO ("Gran Turismo Omologata"). In the mid 1990s. close to the door. the shield-shaped race logo on the sides of both front wings. which is the only targa named differently). placed at the end of a model's number. the exception being the 348 TS. Only in the 1973 Daytona 24 Hours. a 365 GTB/4 model run by NART (who raced Ferrari's in America) ran second. In general. the 250 GTO of 1962. in more recent models. Many Ferraris also had other names affixed (like Daytona) to identify them further. The Daytona name commemorates Ferrari's triple success in the February 1967 24 Hours of Daytona with the 330 P4. GTS ("Gran Turismo Spyder") in older models. and F355 GTS. or convertibles (see 365 GTS/4). white and red (the Italian national colors) at the top. the following conventions were used: • M ("Modificata"). with three stripes of green. however. Indeed. Dino Ferrari. those three letters designate a model which has been designed and improved for racetrack use while still being a street-legal model. Identity Count Francesco Baracca The famous symbol of the Ferrari race team is the Cavallino Rampante ("prancing horse") black prancing stallion on a yellow shield. are open Spyders (spelt "y"). and 360 Spider). behind a Porsche 911. the 288 GTO of 1984 and the 599 GTO of 2010. but adopted again with the F430). GTB ("Gran Turismo Berlinetta") models are closed Berlinettas. The road cars have a rectangular badge on the hood (see picture above). placed at the end of a model's number. The convertible models now use the suffix "Spider" (spelt "i") (see F355 Spider. and. • • • This naming system can be confusing. as some entirely different vehicles used the same engine type and body style. denotes a modified version of its predecessor. and were marketed as Dinos by Ferrari and sold at Ferrari dealers—for all intents and purposes they are Ferraris. Many such names are actually not official factory names. denotes a modified version of its predecessor and not a complete evolution (see F512 M and 575 M Maranello). this suffix is used for targa top models (see Dino 246 GTS. . optionally.
The city's name derives from Stutengarten. Italian race cars of Alfa Romeo. It refers to the nationality of the competing team. the cavallino rampante has been used on Alfa Romeos raced by Scuderia Ferrari. German like Benz and Mercedes white (since 1934 also bare sheet metal silver). This was the customary national racing color of Italy. both being main competitors of Alfa and Ferrari in the 1930s. A similar black horse on a yellow shield is the Coat of Arms of the German city of Stuttgart. as does Iron Horse Bicycles. like Baracca's horse. In that scheme. which translates into English as stud farm and into Italian as scuderia. Fabio Taglioni used the cavallino rampante on his Ducati motorbikes. who used to paint a horse on the side of his planes. and his father too was a military pilot during WWI (although not part of Baracca's squadron. Since the Spa 24 Hours of 9 July 1932. not that of the car manufacturer or driver. Ferrari has used the cavallino rampante on official company stationery since 1929. The original "prancing horse" on Baracca's airplane was painted in red on a white cloud-like shape. Maserati and later Ferrari and Abarth were (and often still are) painted in "race red" (Rosso Corsa). as recommended between the World Wars by the organizations that later would become the FIA. but not the logo. as is sometimes mistakenly reported). as Taglioni was born at Lugo di Romagna like Baracca. As Ferrari's fame grew. for instance. The motif of a prancing horse is old. and British green such as the mid-1960s Lotus and BRM. his birthplace. markedly different from the Baracca horse in most details. Ducati abandoned the horse. centred in the emblem of the state of Württemberg. mother of Count Francesco Baracca. Colour Main article: Rosso corsa Since the 1920s. an ace of the Italian air force and national hero of World War I. uses a prancing horse logo which is nearly identical to Ferrari's. from the very beginning. However. the most noticeable being the tail that in the original Baracca version was pointing downward. . French-entered cars like Bugatti were blue. suggesting that it would bring him good luck. but Ferrari chose to have the horse in black (as it had been painted as a sign of grief on Baracca's squadron planes after the pilot was killed in action) and he added a canary yellow background as this is the color of the city of Modena.On 17 June 1923. home of Mercedes-Benz and the design bureau of Porsche. The Countess asked Enzo to use this horse on his cars. an ancient form of the German word Gestüt. Austrian Fuel Stations The cavallino rampante is the visual symbol of Ferrari.perhaps the result of a private agreement between the two companies. Cavallino Magazine uses the name. Stuttgart's Rössle has both rear legs firmly planted on the soil. it can be found on ancient coins. an Austrian company operating over 100 filling stations. other companies use similar logos: Avanti. Porsche also includes the Stuttgart sign in its corporate logo. The Ferrari horse was. Enzo Ferrari won a race at the Savio track in Ravenna where he met the Countess Paolina. but unlike Ferrari's cavallino.
465 6. production of the Ford GT40 started in 1964 and the car managed to beat Ferrari for 4 years in a row at the 24 Hours of Le Mans.-based North American Racing Team (NART) team. Ferrari won the 1964 World championship with John Surtees by competing the last two races in North America with cars painted in the US-American race colors white and blue. and even laptop computers. Ferrari also runs a museum.Curiously. electronic goods.775 4. Corporate affairs In 1963. and currently supply Scuderia Toro Rosso and Sauber F1 Team. high-tech bicycles. cologne. enraged. Ford spent millions of dollars to audit Ferrari's assets and legal negotiations only to have Ferrari unilaterally cut off talks at a late stage. and Cooper to build a car capable of beating Ferrari on the world endurance circuit. pens. as these were not entered by the Italian factory themselves. directed his racing division to negotiate with Lotus.  Ferrari have had agreements to supply Formula One engines to a number of other teams over the years.070 4. FIAT purchased controlling interests in Ferrari and Lancia and also made a buy back of 29% in Ferrari for $800m in 2006. Enzo Ferrari was interested in selling to the Ford Motor Company. from 1966 to 1969. Technical partnerships Ferrari has had a long standing relationship with Shell Oil. but by the U. perfume. Henry Ford II.587 6. It is a technical partnership with Ferrari and Ducati to test as well as supply fuel and oils to the Formula One.236 4. the Galleria Ferrari in Maranello. This was done as a protest concerning arguments between Ferrari and the Italian Racing Authorities regarding the homologation of a new mid-engined Ferrari race car. For example. If the deal went through Ferrari would not be allowed to race at the Indianapolis 500. In 1969. clothing.250 1929: Enzo Ferrari founds Società Anonima Scuderia Ferrari to buy and race .S.975 5. Lola. cell phones. which displays road and race cars and other items from the company's history. the Shell VPower premium gasoline fuel has been developed with the many years of technical expertise between Shell and Ferrari. MotoGP and World Superbike racing teams. Ferrari also has an internally managed merchandising line that licenses many products bearing the Ferrari brand. including eyewear. pencils. Sales history Year 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Sales to end customers (number of type-approved vehicles) 1 2 3 4 5 6 12 3.289 4.671 6.409 5. watches. As a result.238 4.
A.p.A. Enzo Ferrari retains other 50 percent and maintains control of motor racing operation. 1947: The design and manufacture of Ferrari sports cars begins. 1999: Ferrari gains full ownership of Maserati.Company Profile.html#ixzz1i1Ust9fi .p. Fiat increases its stake in Ferrari to 90 percent. http://www.p.p. 1960: Company is restructured as a public company and incorporated under the name Società Esercizio Fabbriche Automobili e Corse Ferrari--SEFAC S. Background Information on Ferrari S. . 1989: Company is renamed Ferrari S.p. 1969: Fiat purchases 50 percent interest in Ferrari and takes control of passenger car operation. and launches massive overhaul.A.A. 1988: Enzo Ferrari dies. Esercizio Fabbriche Automobili e Corse. Early 1960s:Ford agrees to purchase the company but the deal falls apart. which gains management control over Maserati. 1965: Company is renamed Ferrari S.A. 1940: Enzo Ferrari ends his association with Scuderia Ferrari and establishes Auto Avio Costruzione. 1997: Fiat sells 50 percent stake in Maserati to Ferrari. Read more: Ferrari S.referenceforbusiness. which was initially involved in making aircraft engines. Information. 1992: Luca Cordero di Montezemolo is hired to head Ferrari. Business Description.com/history2/66/Ferrari-S-pA. History.