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By MENG YEW CHOONG firstname.lastname@example.org
Energy-efficient appliances not only pare down electricity bills, they reduce carbon dioxide emissions from power generation too. Energy guzzler Malaysia is a high energy user. According to the World Bank, each Malaysian used 2,693kg of oil in 2008. In comparison, each Indonesian used only 870kg, Filipino 455kg and Chinese, 1,598kg. In terms of electricity use, each Malaysian used an average of 3,667kWh (kilowatt hours) in 2008. In the face of depleting oil and gas reserves, and rising carbon dioxide emissions, curtailing the amount of fossil fuel burnt for power generation is the clear way to go. While waiting for that to happen, KeTTHA has announced the banning of incandescent light bulbs by 2014, and to mandate that air-conditioners be set no lower than 24°C, starting with Government-owned buildings. KeTTHA hopes that widespread adoption of greener appliances can help consumers save costs and at the same time, reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Targetting household appliances makes perfect sense, especially those that consume the lion¶s share of a home¶s electricity usage. Typically, these are refrigerators, air-conditioners and clothes driers. Modern energy-efficient appliances use significantly less energy than older appliances. Current energyefficient refrigerators, for example, use 40% less energy than conventional models did in 2001. As such, replacement of old appliances is one of the most efficient measures to reduce electricity usage. According to Bosch Germany: ³Modern household appliances consume up to 73% less electricity than comparable appliances of 15 years ago and thus offer enormous potential for reducing energy consumption and CO2 emissions. The highly efficient appliances that were sold in Europe in 2010 by Bosch (including Siemens) will lead to electricity savings of 1.9 billion kWh.¶¶ Following this, if all households in Europe changed their more than 10 years old appliances into new ones, 20 billion kWh of electricity would be saved annually, hence reducing carbon dioxide emissions by almost 18 million tonnes. Efficiency labels KeTTHA¶s way of informing consumers on what constitutes an energy-efficient appliance is through its little known EE label, which uses a star rating, with the most efficient appliance having a five-star rating. EE labelling is entirely voluntary at the moment but at least a dozen manufacturers have come on board to support SAVE, which is actually a rebate system to induce consumers to choose five-star rated appliances over those that are less efficient. Even though SAVE was launched in Putrajaya two months ago, those who are familiar with the pulse of green purchasing do not think that Malaysians are aware of the concept of energy efficiency in the first place. ³I don¶t think Malaysians have been properly educated on energy efficiency concepts. This view is, of
Japan or Singapore).´ According to Tan. you not only save money. This is because our electricity. Lee had bought a five-star rated Panasonic inverter 395-litre fridge last November to replace his creaky 15-year-old fridge. ³The industry has been using other more well-known labels (from Europe. Technology & Development Malaysia (Cetdem) feels the same way. the Malaysian consumer has to first understand what EE is all about. ³Understanding about saving electricity is perhaps confined only to the use of low-wattage compact fluorescent lamps or LED bulbs instead of high wattage incandescent bulbs or fluorescent tubes. and other pollutants. Lee is of the opinion that Malaysians are generally unaware of the Energy Commission¶s energy efficiency labelling. is relatively cheap. There is now an energy efficient alternative for almost every kind of appliance or light fixture. being subsidised indirectly through lower priced gas to TNB. Less burning of fossil fuels also means lower emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2). You do not have to do without to achieve these savings. While I didn¶t do an in-depth check on whether it was due to the fridge alone. My normal electricity bill is about RM200. oil. the primary contributor to global warming.´ Carrots and sticksAt any case. Together. executive director of the Centre for Environment. those who have bought five-star rated appliances are happy with the results they are seeing. ³I noticed an immediate drop in my electricity bill by about RM40.´ While giving of rebates is practised by some countries.¶¶ said David Lee Boon Siew. every day of the year. People have to understand the concept of climate change and the relationship between wasteful energy use and high carbon dioxide emissions. That means that consumers have a real choice and the power to change their energy use on a revolutionary scale. The Energy Commission will have to do more to promote the label if it wants buy-in. By exercising even a few of the following steps. Anthony Tan. the average Malaysian does not recognise the EE label. and why it is important to achieve EE as a nation. but merely an observation. other developed countries like Singapore has chosen a non-rebate model to push for EE. a publication specialising in green procurement. ³The voluntary part actually serves as a disincentive to retailers to display the label on products. refrigerators and clothes dryers) sold there. Unless it is made compulsory. While the intentions of SAVE are good.´ It also does not help the cause of EE or conservation when households using less than RM20 (or up to 92kWh) of electricity a month get away with paying nothing since October 2008. «««««««« Whenever you save energy. Good intent and good results don¶t necessarily come hand in hand.000 pounds of CO2 emissions per year. they will not want to paste so many labels on a product. we use nearly a million dollars worth of energy every minute. The average American produces about 40. Early this month. remarking that what attracts Malaysians are low-priced products. and natural gas. It made energy-labelling compulsory for air-conditioners and refrigerators in 2008. let alone understand what it means. it enforced a ³minimum energy performance standards´ (MEPS) on all registrable appliances (air-conditioners. even though it is already six years old.course. night and day. you can cut your annual emissions by thousands of pounds and your energy bills by a significant amount! . managing editor of Green Purchasing Asia. you also reduce the demand for such fossil fuels as coal. not backed by statistics. with regular audits and checks on the stock sold in the market to ensure compliance. the United States. and added clothes dryer to the list in 2009. I would say it definitely helped.
4 tons of CO2 per year. Turn down your water heater thermostat. Although they cost more initially. Refrigerators account for about 20% of Household electricity use. They provide an equivalent amount of bright. Replacing a typical 1973 refrigerator with a new energy-efficient model. In a typical home. Wrap your water heater in an insulating jacket.9 tons of CO2 annually. Only 10% of the energy consumed by a normal light bulb generates light. That could save 175 pounds of CO2 per year. Front loading washing machines will usually cut hot water use by 60 to 70% compared to typical machines. set your thermostat at 68 degrees in daytime. Home Heating and Cooling Be careful not to overheat or overcool rooms. and weather stripping is under $10 per door. we would save the same amount of energy as a large nuclear power plant produces in one year. Buy the product that is sized to your typical needs . or 440 pounds for a gas heater. Also. they save money in the long run by using only 1/4 the energy of an ordinary incandescent bulb and lasting 8-12 times longer. not hot. That's a reduction of 420 pounds of CO2 per year for a typical home. If every American household replaced one of its standard light bulbs with an energy efficient compact fluorescent bulb. saves 1. deliver an invigorating shower. Caulking costs less than $1 per window. Use less hot water by installing low-flow shower heads. of CO2 per year for an electric water heater. In the winter.your assurance that the product saves energy and prevents pollution.not the biggest one available. using caulk and weather stripping to plug air leaks around doors and windows. and 55 degrees at night.the same amount emitted by the entire nations of Kuwait or Libya. or 150 pounds for a gas heater. Look for the Energy Star Label . In the summer. to allow the dishes to air dry. or 220 pounds for a gas heater. check the gaskets around your refrigerator/freezer doors to make sure they are clean and sealed tightly. or 80 pounds for gas-heated water.Home appliances Turn your refrigerator down. If every household turned its water heater thermostat down 20 degrees. one compact fluorescent bulb can save 260 pounds of CO2 per year. Each 10 degree reduction saves 600 pounds of CO2 per year for an electric water heater. Investing in a solar water heater can save 4. Make sure that its energy saver switch is turned on. Cleaning a dirty air conditioner filter can save 5 percent of the energy used. Thermostats are often set to 140 degrees F when 120 is usually fine. Not using heat in the drying cycle can save 20 percent of your dishwasher's total electricity use. and save 300 pounds of CO2 per year for electrically heated water. Clean or replace air filters as recommended. keep it at 78. Make sure your dishwasher is full when you run it and use the energy saving setting. They cost just $10 to $20 each. Small investments that pay off Buy energy-efficient compact fluorescent bulbs for your most-used lights. You can also turn off the drying cycle manually. Lowering your thermostat just two degrees during winter saves 6 percent of heating-related CO2 emissions. It can save 1100 lbs. we could prevent more than 45 million tons of annual CO2 emissions . attractive light. Select the most energy-efficient models when you replace your old appliances. Weatherize your home or apartment. which costs just $10 to $20. Switching from hot to warm for two loads per week can save nearly 500 pounds of CO2 per year if you have an electric water heater. if available. . Use a thermometer to set your refrigerator temperature as close to 37 degrees and your freezer as close to 3 degrees as possible. Set your clothes washer to the warm or cold water setting. Energy is lost when air conditioners and hot-air furnaces have to work harder to draw air through dirty filters. The rest just makes the bulb hot.
walk.4 tons of CO2 emissions per year.4 tons of CO2 per year for homes with gas heat. leakage from auto air conditioners is the largest single source of emissions of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs). you'll reduce your annual CO2 emissions by 3. and 9. Getting around Whenever possible. or a dark color if you live in a cold climate. Make sure it includes a check of your furnace and air conditioning. you save energy and reduce emissions of CO2 by at least 1 pound. Reduce. reuse. This service may be provided free or at low cost.000 miles per year.8 tons per year for oil heat. choosing reusable products over disposable ones. Form or join local citizens' groups and work with local government officials to see that these measures are taken in schools and public buildings. make sure its coolant is recovered and recycled whenever you have it serviced. you might also consider switching to more efficient gas or oil. 3. If your new car gets 40 miles per gallon instead of 25. double-glazed windows saves 2.5 tons of CO2 per year for gas-heated homes. car pool. (Each tree also directly absorbs about 25 pounds of CO2 from the air annually. If your car has an air conditioner. If your car gets 25 miles per gallon. and their CO2 savings can often be measured in tons per year. consider superinsulating. Ask your utility company for a home energy audit to find out where your home is poorly insulated or energy inefficient. Replacing all your ordinary windows with argon filled. for example.8 tons for electric heat.) Business and community Work with your employer to implement these and other energy-efficiency and waste-reduction measures in your office or workplace.These steps can save up to 1100 pounds of CO2 per year for a typical home.9 tons of oil heat. uses 30 to 55% less for paper products.000 miles. bike.000 to 10. recycle Reduce the amount of waste you produce by buying minimally packaged goods. 33% less for glass. and you drive 10. When you next buy a car. 8. and recycling. or 23 tons per year for electric heat. Home Improvements. and a whopping 90% less for aluminum. and you reduce your annual driving from 12. choose one that gets good mileage. Reductions in energy use resulting from shade trees and appropriate painting can save up to 2. which damage the ozone layer as well as add to global warming. . When you plan major home improvements. If you live in a colder climate. (If you have electric heat. you'll save 1800 pounds of CO2. That can save 5. This can save 20 to 30 percent of home heating bills and reduce CO2 emissions by 140 to 2100 pounds per year. Insulate your walls and ceilings. Plant shade trees and paint your house a light color if you live in a warm climate. The CFCs from one auto air conditioner can add the equivalent of 4800 pounds of CO2 emissions per year.) Modernize your windows. or use mass transit.300 pounds. consider some of these energy saving investments. Cutting down your garbage by half of one large trash bag per week saves at least 1100 pounds of CO2 per year. instead of from scratch with raw materials. In the United States. Every gallon of gasoline you save avoids 22 pounds of CO2 emissions. Making products with recycled materials. They save money in the long run. For every pound of waste you eliminate or recycle.
Acid Rain : Coal power plants and vehicles emit sulfur dioxide (SO2) and nitrous oxides (NOx). construction of new power plants. erosion of soil and heat deaths are few examples of climate change. know as acid rain. Save Money : Usage of fluorescent bulbs . «««««««««««. acid rain and global warming. they are going to deplete one day and will take another millions of years to form again. sulfuric acid and nitric acid. cars). harms the soil (releasing toxins). loss of wilderness areas. Severe storms. Ozone Layer Depletion : Ozone layer in the atmosphere protect us from ultraviolet rays from reaching the earth thus. . Apart from these it also helps us to save money. floods. Why Conserve Energy? Energy should be conserved since we are consuming disproportionate amount of energy and that day is not far when all our Non-Renewable resources will expire forcing us to rely just on Renewable Sources.. foreign energy dependence and the risk of international conflict over energy supplies. These travel beyond the local area and are harmful to the health throughout whole regions. and harms trees and crops. oil spills and water pollution. Oil that we use to run our vehicles are fossil fuels that were created million of years ago from decaying plants. «««««««««««. When burned they emit carbon-dioxide which is harmful to humans and the environment. Reduce Carbon-dioxide : If Non-Renewable resources are used up to the limit they may also help in reducing the carbon-dioxide. Stay abreast of environmental issues on both local and national levels. making life on the earth possible. When SO2/NOx and water vapor mix under certain conditions. Climate Change : Due to increase int the rate of these resources it also affect the climate greatly. These people have high cancer death rates. They also harm the environment and agricultural lands. Many energy efficiency and conservation measures are better investments than the stock market or bank interest. Reduce Consumption on Non-Renewable Sources Consumption on Non-Renewable Sources must be reduced as much as possible. corrodes property (buildings. This is very harmful to the lungs. Drought. are formed. and write or call your elected officials to express your concerns about energy efficiency and global warming. mitigates the numerous adverse environmental and social impacts associated with energy production and consumption. land loss. Global Warming : With so much dependence on Non renewable sources global warming is taking place all over the world and the result which is glaciers are melting which is causing the rise in the sea level. solar electricity may cost expensive initially but prove to be cost-effective in the long run.Keep track of the environmental voting records of candidates for office. Resource Depletion : By using these resources in excess. These include air pollution. emphysema etc. It kills fish in lakes. The electricity that we use comes from nuclear power. coal power plants. Pollution from nuclear and coal power plants cause diseases like asthma. monuments. Adverse affect on humans and the environment : Extraction of Uranium and Coal from beneath the earth cause huge affect to the lives of cola miners. Energy conservation extends the lifetime of equipment and reduces the maintenance cost by operating less hours and at less than maximum capacity.
These include reductions in air pollution.Energy efficiency and conservation have numerous benefits for both the environment and human health. In our country people mostly take into consideration short term results such as using substandard wiring with impure copper which is cheap to purchase but in the long run will increase the monthly bill . When incandescent lightbulbs burn out. oil spills and water pollution. foreign energy dependence and the risk of international conflict over energy supplies. loss of wilderness areas and biodiversity. Caulk and seal around windows. «««««««««« energy conservation is a very important subject however in our country it has been adopted due to shortage of electricily and not because of the environment and other considerations. construction of new power plants. doors. People still use substandard equipment. Our actions today will affect future generations. and other drafty areas in your home. replace them with compact fluorescent lightbulbs (CFLs) which use about 75% less energy and last about 10 times longer! LEDs use even less energy and don¶t contain trace amounts of mercury. wiring which is burden on our system. acid rain and global warming.
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