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Turkish Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutolu

announced a series of sanctions against

the Syrian regime due to its military crack-
down on an eight-month uprising on Wednesday
morning, which the foreign minister said are mea-
sures against the Syrian administration and will
not harm the Syrian people.
Ankara joined the Arab League and Western
powers in imposing nine economic sanctions
against Syrian President Bashar al-Assad's govern-
ment on Wednesday to put more pressure on the
Syrian administration. Davutolu said at a news
conference that Turkey, once a close friend of
Damascus, would block the delivery of all weapons
and military equipment to Damascus as part of
measures aimed at persuading Syrian leader Bashar
al-Assad to end a violent crackdown against pro-
democracy protesters. All shipment of arms and
military equipment through Turkey's land, airspace
andseas ... will be prevented, he said. Davutolu also
said a cooperation agreement with Syria was being
suspendeduntil therewas anewgovernment inplace.
Until a legitimate government which is at peace
with its people is in charge in Syria, the mechanism
of the High Level Strategic Cooperation Council has
been suspended, Davutolu said, adding that
Assad's government had come to the end of the
road. Davutoglu also said Wednesday that Turkey
was imposing a travel ban in Turkey and freezing
the assets of certain officials who are members of
the main cadre of leaders, who are the subject of
claims of exerting violence against the people or of
resorting to illegitimate means. CONTINUED ON PAGE 04
Turkey's current account deficit
(CAD) will drop noticeably starting
from the final quarter thanks to
earlier measures taken by the
government and the central
bank, the bank's governor, Erdem
Ba, said at a press conference in
Ankara on Wednesday.
As criticisms have been raised about
a new law covering sports crimes,
President Abdullah Gl has said he
is uneasy about the recent amend-
ments made to the law after
Parliament approved it, which he
says urges him to examine the
amendments more carefully.
Featuring news and articles from
An unidentified assailant who opened fire with a pump-action rifle in a tourist district of stanbul and wounded two people was killed in a clash
with police. Interior Minister dris Naimahin said the gunman was a Libyan national. The incident occurred in the Sultanahmet district of the city.
A soldier and a security guard working for a private company were injured. A witness said the assailant, whomhe described as an Arab man,
walked into Topkap Palace and closed the doors at the entrance to the palace complex after shooting the soldier in the leg and the guard in the
abdomen. The assailant clashed with police for more than an hour inside the Ottoman-era palace, one of stanbul's major tourist attractions. The
shooting first began at around 10:00 a.m. (7:00 GMT), almost an hour after visitors were admitted into the palace complex. CONTINUED ON PAGE 17
A heavily armed gunman walks inside the courtyard of Ottoman-era Topkapi Palace in stanbul on Wednesday. The gunman wounded a soldier and a security guard before being shot dead.
Union of Arabian Journalists Secretary-General Makram
Mohamed Ahmed spoke at the Turkish-Arab Media Forum.
Recent revolutions in the Arab world are a potent
indicator that Arab nations are ready for democra-
cy, brahim Kaln said on Wednesday, speaking at the
Turkish-Arab Media Forum, an event bringing together
journalists from Turkish and Arab media outlets being
held in Turkey. The first day's meeting of the forum,
hosted by the Prime Ministry's Directorate General of
Press and Information (BYGM), was held at stanbul's
Conrad Hotel on Wednesday. The first session saw a
round table discussion on the Turkish and Arab media's
approaches toward regional and global developments.
Kaln, a chief consultant and public diplomacy
coordinator at the Prime Ministry, who moderated the
session said: The world has been wondering wheth-
er the Arab world is ready for democracy for years.
The Arab revolutions have shown that Arab nations
are giving an enthusiastic yes' as the answer to that
question. Kaln said the crucial question that needed
to be asked was whether Western countries are
ready for democracy in the Arab World? CONTINUED ON PAGE 04
Former National Intelligence Organization (MT)
counterterrorism unit head Mehmet Eymr, who
was detained over suspected links to several extrajudicial
murders committed in the early 1990s, was released on
Wednesday after being interrogated by the prosecutor
overseeing the investigation. Eymr gave testimony on
Wednesday at the Ankara Special Prosecutor's Office.
Eymr was detained on Tuesday following the
testimony in June of a former member of the National
Police Department's special operations unit, Ayhan
arkn, who confessed that he had information about
the killing of four men in the 1990s. The victims were
Namk Erdoan, the ex-head of the supervisory board
of the Ministry of Health; lawyers Yusuf Ekinci and
Faik Candan; and former Altnda Registry Office
head Mecit Baskn. arkn said he and some other
colleagues took part in the killings. CONTINUED ON PAGE 17
08 11
Yo u r Wa y o f Un d e r s t a n d n g Tu r k e y
Turkeys best-selling
daily Zaman marks
25th anniversary
US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton
urged developing nations on Wednes-
day to be smart shoppers on foreign aid
Turkey did not receive an invitation for Thursday's
European Union meeting on Syria after Greece and
Greek Cyprus vetoed Turkish participation, Today's
Zaman has learned. EU member France announced
on Monday that it asked other EU states to invite non-
member Turkey to Thursday's foreign ministerial
meeting in Brussels that will discuss the next steps in
Britain has evacuated all its diplomatic staff from
Iran, Western diplomatic sources told Reuters on
Wednesday, a day after protesters stormed and ran-
sacked its embassy and residential compound.
Norway, meanwhile, closed its embassy in Tehran
due to security concerns after Tuesday's assault on the
British Embassy and a residential complex. Foreign
Ministry spokeswoman Hilde Steinfeld said in Oslo
the decision to close the embassy was taken late
Tuesday, but that Norwegian diplomatic staff have not
been evacuated from the Iran. Both properties were
severely damaged, with official and personal posses-
sions seized or destroyed, said sources who had spo-
ken to staff at the embassy. One described the damage
as carnage. Britain said it was outraged by the
attacks and warned of serious consequences.
In light of yesterday's events, and to ensure their
ongoing safety, some staff are leaving Tehran,
Britain's Foreign Office [ministry] said in a statement.
While the official statement referred only to some
staff two diplomatic sources said that all British staff
were leaving. The two embassy compounds were
stormed mid-afternoon on Tuesday during a demon-
stration in the street outside the main building in
downtown Tehran, smashing windows, torching a
car and burning the British flag in protest against new
sanctions imposed by London. CONTINUED ON PAGE 10
Britain withdraws embassy staff from Iran
The Intl Criminal Court charges
former Ivory Coast President Gbagbo
with crimes against humanity
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Death may be
the greatest of all
human blessings.

Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutolu
Every bullet fired, every bombed mosque has
eliminated the legitimacy of the Syrian
leadership and has widened the gap between us.
President Abdullah Gl


Im uneasy with this [match-fixing] law.
The law that was passed in Parliament
... should have been prepared well.


It seems that the war of words between the Justice and
Development Party (AK Party) and the main opposition
Republican Peoples Party (CHP) over the Dersim mas-
sacre will not be ending any time soon. Last week Prime
Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoan apologized on behalf of
the Turkish state for the Dersim massacre but also ac-
cused the CHP of being the actual culprit and called on
the party to also offer an apology. CHP leader Kemal
Kldarolu would not make an apology and called
on the government to release documents from state
archives pertaining to Dersim. Speaking at his partys
group meeting on Tuesday, Kldarolu devoted most
of his speech to the Dersim controversy and accused the
government of abusing the pain of the people of Der-
sim. The much-debated Dersim massacre is in relation
to the deaths of thousands of Alevis at the hands of the
military during the CHPs rule in 1937.
According to Sabahs Sevilay Ykselir, the reason be-
hind the growing Dersim debate in recent days and the
issue remaining on the nations agenda for a couple of
weeks is the CHP itself, which called on Erdoan to apol-
ogize for the Dersim incident. So what happened when
the CHP made this bluff in an attempt to back Erdoan
into a corner? Total disappointment because Erdoan
stood before the public with documents proving the
massacre in Dersim and courageously offered an apol-
ogy on behalf of the state. He made the CHP walk into
its own trap, says Ykselir. Considering that the Dersim
issue was first brought up by a CHP deputy [Hseyin
Aygn] and then grew from there after the CHPs call
for an apology, Ykselir believes it is ironic the CHP is
now using the Dersim issue to accuse the government of
targeting the Turkish Republic and its values.
Zamans Mustafa nal says Kldarolu failed to step
up with courage in handling the Dersim issue and has
shown that talk of a new CHP under his leadership is
nothing but empty talk. By failing to apologize for Der-
sim, Kldarolu has shown that the current CHP is no
different to the old CHP. Is it so difficult to face the reality
of Dersim? No. The Turkish people are actually ready for
such a confrontation. The prime minister received no criti-
cism from the public or from his grass roots for his apolo-
gy. Kldarolus expectation is not for the disclosing of all
the facts concerning Dersim but instead for allowing the
issue to cool down as soon as possible, says nal, who
thinks the CHP leader is in an unpleasant predicament.
Stars Mustafa Karaaliolu also criticizes Kldarolu
for a lack of courage to face the Dersim massacre even at
a time when the prime minister of the country has made
an apology for this incident on behalf of the state. You
can no longer remain indifferent to a massacre that took
place 70 years ago, and you have so far remained silent
although you know very well what took place in Der-
sim. Perhaps you were concerned about some balances
or had some excuse not to face this massacre until yes-
terday, but things have changed today. After the prime
minister of this country apologized, there is nothing for
you to worry about, Karaaliolu tells Kldarolu.
Endless debate
on Dersim

T H U R S DAY, D E C E MB E R 1 , 2 0 1 1
Unemployed teachers
Match-rigging and Gl
Just like other columnists, my mailbox is
also filled with letters from unemployed
teachers who have been waiting for years
to be appointed to schools. There are said
to be hundreds of thousands of them.
According to reports, there are 200,000
teachers who are currently waiting to be employed by
the Ministry of Education. At first glance, the teachers
demands are very just and they are right to complain.
But when you look at the case from another aspect, it be-
comes confusing. Is it only teachers who are waiting to
be employed? What makes them different from the tens
of thousands of engineers, graduates of management, in-
ternational relations or media? Is this not unemployment
with a diploma, which can be seen all around the world?
Lets assume that the Ministry of Education takes action
and responds to the demands of unemployed teachers
to be hired. The ministry can only employ a small num-
ber of these teachers in its schools every year in line with
need and budget. Actually, asking the ministry to increase
employment in education means making up positions at
schools. In this case, additional teachers would be financed
by other people who work and contribute to society. This
just demand of teachers is simply a demand for a trans-
fer of income. I just wonder whether the young teachers
are aware that they want society to make a sacrifice for
them when they demand support for their struggle.
There is rigging in sports, there is rigging
in war, there is rigging in politics. Parlia-
ment decided to take up the match-fix-
ing cases eight months ago and enacted
a law. A large investigation into match-
fixing was launched. What happened
next? Parliament decided to amend the match-fixing
law. All the parties in Parliament except for the Peace
and Democracy Party (BDP) agreed on amending the
law. At this point, it is not possible to tell the government
and the opposition parties that what they are doing is
wrong, but like Justice and Development Party (AK Par-
ty) deputy amil Tayyar and sports writer Fatih Uraz, we
hope that President Abdullah Gl will not approve the
amendment made to the match-fixing law. We can ad-
dress Gl and tell him: You signed a law eight months
ago now you are expected to sign a law that is the op-
posite of the law you signed. What has changed, has
match-fixing ended, has the mafia disappeared? Political
parties cannot explain to the nation why they amended
the match-fixing law. Just dont join them. Dont sign this
law and prove there is at least one person in this country
whom people who dream of a clean society can trust.
press roundup
taraf: In its main story yesterday, the daily covered the
tragic story of an inmate at mraniye Prison, 74-year-old Avni
Karabulut, who died at the prison despite informing prosecu-
tors about his worsening medical situation. Karabulut, who
was a cancer patient, lost his life several hours after he sent
a petition to prosecutors saying that he had been vomiting
blood for two days. They [prison officials] wanted me to wait
one-and-a-half hours before being taken to a hospital. I want a
blood transfusion and medical care if I do not die within these
one-and-a-half hours, Karabulut wrote in the petition.
sabah: KCK biggest threat to democracy, said the dai-
ly in the headline of its main story yesterday, quoting remarks
from Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoan. In his national ad-
dress, Erdoan criticized those who slam police operations as
part of a probe into the Kurdish Communities Union (KCK).
The KCK, which is administered from Kandil [an outlawed
Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) camp in northern Iraq] and
mral [an island in the Sea of Marmara where PKK leader
Abdullah calan is serving his life sentence], aims to establish
a parallel state. We can never turn a blind eye to this organiza-
tion, the prime minister said. He also called on critics of the
KCK probe who say the operations are an obstacle before free-
dom of speech to take another look at the evidence.
milliyet: Man who knows much under detention,
said the daily in the headline of its main story yesterday, refer-
ring to Mehmet Eymr, a former head of the National Intelli-
gence Organization (MT) Counterterrorism Unit who was de-
tained on Tuesday over suspected links to several extrajudicial
murders committed in the early 1990s. Eymrs testimony to
prosecutors may result in new detentions, said the daily.
Seventeen-year-old Reit Sayyiit prepares for the university entrance
examination while he herds sheep in a village of Van. He takes his
textbooks with him when he takes 200 sheep to graze on the plateau.





What is next?
The government in Kuwait has resigned.
Elections were held in Morocco, Tunisia
and Egypt. Libya is also to hold elec-
tions. In the meantime, clashes in Ye-
men and Syria continue. In Egypt, the
public is angry at the military admin-
istration. After the establishment of a parliament and
government following the elections in Egypt and the
preparation of a new constitution, Egypt will continue
on its way. Now, all eyes are on Syria. I think the critical
threshold has passed for both the Syrian administration
and the opposition. This is a point of no return, and the
end of the Bashar al-Assad regime in Syria is inevitable.
The upcoming developments are important as they will
determine the departure of the Assad regime and how
many lives will be lost in the process.
ZMR 15
Zaman Editor-in-Chief Ekrem Dumanl and the newspapers editors
marked the 25th anniversary of Zaman with a reception in stanbul.
Turkeys best-selling daily Zaman has celebrated its 25th
year anniversary with a magnicent reception it hosted
in stanbul where high-prole participants welcomed in-
novations Zaman has brought to the Turkish media.
Many high-level participants from many walks of life,
including media, art, sport, politics and the business world,
attended the reception on Tuesday that marked the 25th
anniversary of the daily.
Speaking during the reception, Deputy Prime Minister Ali
Babacan said Turkey has made signicant strides in the past
quarter century and particularly in the past nine years, referring
to the tenure of his government. Babacan said the Zaman dailys
contribution and role in Turkeys democratization, its transfor-
mation in advancing basic rights and freedoms, its efforts for
transformation of the countrys economy have been signicant.
Babacan hailed the daily for standing principled, having a
serious publication policy, its good quality design and for care-
fully selecting photos for its news reports.
stanbul Mayor Kadir Topba, Feza Gazetecilik owner Ali
Akbulut, Zaman daily Editor-in-Chief Ekrem Dumanl, To-
days Zaman Editor-in-Chief Blent Kene, Aksiyon weekly
Editor-in-Chief Blent Korucu, Hrriyet daily Editor-in-
Chief Enis Berberolu, Habertrk TV Editor-in-Chief Yiit
Bulut, 24 TV Editor-in-Chief Akif Beki, Star daily Editor-in-
Chief Mustafa Karaaliolu, Samanyolu Media Holding chief
Hidayet Karaca, Yeniafak daily Editor-in-Chief Yusuf Ziya
Cmert, Hrriyet daily columnist Erturul zkk, Journalists
and Writers Foundation Chairman Mustafa Yeil, Star daily
columnist Fehmi Koru, Justice and Development Party (AK
Party) stanbul deputy Hakan kr, Turkey national football
team coach Abdullah Avc, Fenerbahe Vice Chairman Nihat
zdemir, Basketball Federation Chairman Turgay Demirel,
former Galatasaray Chairman Adnan Polat, Avea General
Director Erkan Akdemir, Boydak Holding General Director
Memduh Boydak, Turkcell deputy General Director Koray
ztrkler, Eczacba Holding head of the executive board
Blent Eczacba, and Alarko Holding chief shak Alaton
were among the invitees participated in the event.
Zaman chief Dumanl said in his speech that the editorial staff
are sometimes saddened over the developments in the country
but make extraordinary effort to maintain restraint.
He added that the daily only wants a consolidated de-
mocracy in Turkey and due to that it is faced with smear cam-
paigns all the time, which he said is possible to cope by hav-
ing love toward people and the country. stanbul Todays Zaman
Turkeys best-selling daily Zaman
marks 25th anniversary
Turkish singer brahim Tatlses is
working on a new album called
Mucize (Miracle) only eight months
after being shot in the head, the Cihan
news agency reported Wednesday.
His wife, Ayegl Yldz Tatlses, man-
ager Eyp Kanat, producer Polat Yac
and his team all joined Tatlses as he cut a
cake in celebration of his new album and
return to the music world. The album, pro-
duced by Poll Production By Polat Yac,
will consist of three compositions and 12
songs. It will be Tatlses 43rd album.
This album took all of my motiva-
tion, Tatlses told Cihan, noting that it
would be an album worth my listeners
wait. Yac said the Turkish stars mo-
rale is very good. Tatlses received several
bullets to the head last March in a near-
fatal drive-by shooting that was ordered
by the outlawed Kurdistan Workers Party
(PKK). The singer has undergone two
brain operations and extensive treatment
for his injuries. stanbul Todays Zaman
Turkeys Kandilli Observatory has
announced that on Wednesday
morning a magnitude 5.0 earthquake
shook eastern Turkey, a region already
devastated by two powerful tremors.
The observatory said the quake hit
early Wednesday, with its epicenter situ-
ated in the village of Kurubas near the
city of Van. Authorities said the latest
temblor did not cause any serious dam-
age but that terried residents rushed
out of tents and buildings in panic.
Mustafa Berkta, head physician of a
state hospital in Van, said there is minimal
damage at the hospital but added that pa-
tients will be movedintoa eldhospital and
that others inserious conditionwill beown
to nearby cities. stanbul Todays Zaman with AP
Tatlses makes
New quake hits
eastern Turkey
Before the non-Arab non-Spring there was a Turkish Spring.
As the so-called Arab Spring started to fade, an Arab fell in
stanbul, only God knows why, for the time being, making us
all feel the chill of the Arab fall. Samir Selam Ali was a 36-year-
old Libyan who entered Turkey three days ago through Syria.
He drove to stanbuls religiously and historically symbolic
Sultanahmet district in a car with a Syrian plate, walked into
Topkap Palace and opened re with a pump-action rie,
wounding a soldier and a security guard. Eyewitnesses told
journalists that he did not aim to kill the soldier at the gate of
the palace and that he intentionally shot him in the leg.
It is still early to comment on the motives of Selam Ali. He
might have fallen in love with a Turkish girl and failed to receive
her fathers consent (this happens more often than one might
think), he might have been denied Turkish citizenship despite
his repeated applications, he might have been inspired by the
Norwegian conspirer Anders Behring Breivik, thinking that the
Muslim world is being re-conquered by the grandsons of the
Ottomans and he could have stopped the invasion by a sym-
bolic act in the very heart of that Ottoman might. And yet these
are not the very rst possibilities one is tempted to think about.
A Libyan national with a Syrian car perpetuating a ter-
rorist act in one of the touristic attractions of stanbul says
one thing; a Libyan national with a Syrian car killed by the
Turkish police while shouting Allahu Akbar! (God is
Great) and making it clear that he was an Arab says another
thing. The rst is a message to the Turkish public that the
Syrian regime wont collapse on itself but on the Turks, who
are playing a signicant role in unifying the anti-Bashar al-
Assad front within the Arab League, and it also reminds us
that revenge will include that of the former Libyan regime.
The second is a message to the Arabs who trust the Turks,
telling them that the Turks do not value Arab lives at all.
Whatever the message the instigators of this attack intend-
ed to convey, the messages and the measures we should take
are clear: Turkey is in the Middle East. The Turkish Republic
has never been so much a part of Middle Eastern politics. The
articiality of the political borders in this region holds, not only
for the political authorities, but also for social and economic
problems. A prolonged social unrest in Syria will certainly have
repercussions for Turkey. The leaders of the countries in this
region do not have the luxury of speaking about the integrity
and inviolability of their domestic affairs.
We are entering an era of correlated -- not necessarily
related though -- violence. The violence in the Syrian streets,
the occupation of the British Embassy in Tehran, the popular
unrest in Egypt, the upsurge in outlawed Kurdistan Workers
Party (PKK) terrorism within Turkey and seemingly singu-
lar events of hijackings and indiscriminate shootings are all
pointing towards a new era. The end result wont be shaped
by whether there is a determined cooperation between these
events or not. In the end, terrorism terrorizes and these
events do the same. They serve the same end, knowingly or
unknowingly. The important thing is the fact that their num-
bers are and will be increasing, together with the ongoing
unrest in the North Africa and Middle East region.
Damascus is already in stanbul.
What needs to be done is not accelerating the revolutions
in countries like Syria and Bahrain or in other non-Arab dicta-
torships, but to reformat the revolutionary zeal in those coun-
tries into an evolutionary patience. Revolutions are like surgical
operations. They certainly create wounds around the cut-off
organs of the body and they give way to psychological traumas
that can last longer than the illness itself. The natural disposal
of an unwanted object in an organism both relieves and does
not create side effects. That is why doctors suggest waiting for
the natural fall of kidney stones and enduring the pain therein,
instead of risking the side effects of a surgical operation.
It is probable that Samir Selam Ali was just another lost
man who wanted his name to have a place in the newspa-
per headlines for once, who wanted to have a say in history,
who wanted to prove that he is a bit more than nothing,
but the already chilly spring in the Arab world will be pro-
ducing thousands of such lost souls in the coming decades.
They will be looking for venues to do the craziest things in
the most populous places with the highest exposure to the
world media. We will all then lament the opportunities we
have lost to rehabilitate the younger generations; we will
all curse the fatwas given to support the suicide bombings
just because they were not hitting us but others; we will all
regret the fact that we could have exported constructive civil
society activism to the Arab youngsters, appealing to their
minds and hearts, instead of the Turkish soap operas de-
picting imaginary lives of imaginary people in the middle of
nowhere, appealing only to lusts and desires.
Arab fall
n stanbul
brahim Tatlses



T H U R S D AY, D E C E MB E R 1 , 2 0 1 1
Businessmen strongly supporting
the regime would also be sanctioned,
Davutolu said, in a direct threat to a main-
stay of regime support. He said Ankara was
suspending all ties to the Syrian Central Bank,
freezing any Syrian government assets in Tur-
key and suspending any loan deals. Future
dealing with the Syrian Trade Bank would be
suspended, while current deals would con-
tinue, Davutolu added.
The foreign minister said Turkey would
also consider taking additional measures
in the future. In imposing these sanctions,
Davutolu said Ankara had taken meticu-
lous care to not inflict suffering on the Syrian
people because of the mistakes of the govern-
ment. We will also evaluate additional mea-
sures that we can take after this, depending
on the behavior of the Syrian government,
with the same meticulousness, he said.
Davutolu also said the Syrian regime has
reached its end by ignoring calls from the inter-
national community to stop its bloody crack-
down on protesters. Every bullet fired, every
bombed mosque has eliminated the legitimacy
of the Syrian leadership and has widened the
gap between us, Davutolu said. Syria has
squandered the last chance that it was given.
Davutolu added that Syria has en-
tered a vicious circle of violence, despite
warnings from Turkey. Syria must imme-
diately cease using force against the people
and [military] forces must immediately
withdraw from cities, Davutolu said.
Turkey is Syrias largest trading partner,
and the countries did $2.4 billion in trade last
year, according to the Turkish Embassy in Da-
mascus. The sanctions will bite an already ail-
ing economy in Syria. Turkeys move follows in
the wake of sanctions announced by the Arab
League. In an unprecedented move against a
fellow Arab state, the 22-member Arab League
approved sanctions Sunday to pressure the
regime to end its suppression of an eight-
month-old revolt. The sanctions by Syrias Arab
neighbors include cutting off transactions with
the Syrias central bank, and are expected to
squeeze an ailing economy that already is under
sanction by the US and the European Union.
Syria is facing mounting international pres-
sure to end its violent suppression of protests
against Assad, which the UN says has killed
more than 3,500 people since March. The EU
and the United States have imposed several
rounds of sanctions against Assad and his re-
gime, including a ban on the import of Syrian
oil. Ankara has said any sanctions would not
hurt the Syrian people and has ruled out cut-
ting off electricity and water supplies. It has also
said civil aviation by Turkish Airlines (THY) to
Damascus will continue.
Davutolu said Turkey would continue to
stand by the Syrian people during this dif-
ficult period. Our desire is that the Syrian
government realizes the only way out of this
dead end that they are now at is to immediate-
ly meet the legitimate demands of the people
and to end the violence and repression against
the civilian population, he said.
We wish success to the Syrian people in
this legitimate struggle, he added.
Commenting on Turkeys newly introduced
sanctions against Damascus, President Abdul-
lah Gl said on Wednesday that Turkey is act-
ing carefully about Syria and underlined that
the sanctions do not include humanitarian issues
such as water and electricity supplies. There is
instability in Syria and the legitimate demands of
Syrian people must be met to end it, he said at
a press conference he held at Ankaras Esenboa
Airport before his departure for Kyrgyzstan for an
official visit. Deputy Prime Minister Blent Arn
also said Wednesday that Turkeys measures
against Syria assured that Turkeys Syrian broth-
ers would not be negatively affected. Speaking at
the Turkish-Arab Media Forum in stanbul, Arn
said although the Turkish government is current-
ly at odds with the Syrian administration, the
people of Syria are the brothers of the Turkish
people. Turkey was once one of Assads closest
allies, but the Turkish government has gradually
lost patience with him. Turkey now hosts Syr-
ian army defectors and an umbrella opposition
group. Ankara has gradually toughened its criti-
cism of the Syrian regime for its brutal crackdown
on anti-regime protests. Turkish leaders have on
many occasions called on Assad to end the crack-
down and step down.
Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoan once
again said in remarks broadcast on Tuesday
evening that Turkey cannot remain silent in
the face of the ongoing violence in Syria. The
more peaceful Syria is the more peaceful Tur-
key is. What is taking place in Syria is not just an
internal matter of Syria as some circles claim,
Erdoan said during his national address.
We cannot watch what is going on in
a country with which we have such deep-
rooted relations in silence, Erdoan add-
ed. stanbul Todays Zaman
Turkey unvels economc
sanctons aganst Syra
Arab world ready for democracy, Media Forum highlights
Mysterous deaths
of engneers
Despite all their shortcomings, Turkish democratic reforms
have also paved the way for a more courageous judicial sys-
tem to emerge which has increasingly been probing cases that
were once being swept under the rug. Ongoing court hearings
against alleged coup plotters, among whom are high-ranking
generals and retired officers, as well as suspects in unresolved
murders, are two cases among many.
New evidence being found in the ongoing investigation con-
cerning the mysterious deaths of three Turkish engineers in 2006
and 2007 while working for Aselsan, one of Turkeys leading mil-
itary-owned defense companies, has opened a new page in this
probe. It has also proven that this case will not be swept under the
carpet, as was done at the time of the incident.
At the time that they were found dead in separate locations
and at different times, the engineers had been working on local
military projects intended to be built indigenously to strengthen
the Turkish defense industry base.
Hseyin Babilen and two other engineers, including a woman,
were found dead either in their cars or near their homes in 2006 and
2007 in separate incidents. Their cases were closed by the Ankara Pros-
ecutors Office two years ago when the gendarmerie investigation team
concluded that all three engineers had committed suicide by various
means. The locations at which the three engineers were found dead fall
under the gendarmeries responsibility, and this was the reason for the
initial investigation being carried out by this paramilitary force, which is
de facto under the control of the Turkish Armed Forces (TSK).
But engineer Babilens family, unconvinced by the verdict that their
son had actually committed suicide, filed a complaint with the Ankara
Prosecutors Office for the probe to be deepened to investigate whether
his death could have actually been murder. The family also demanded
that a newreport be preparedby the Council of Forensic Medicine (ATK).
Therefore, Babilens file was reopened by the Ankara Specially Autho-
rizedProsecutors Officeuponevidencefoundbyprosecutor Fikret Seen.
Seen was one of the prosecutors investigating an alleged coup
plot case named Ergenekon before he was appointed to his current
post in Ankara.
Engineer Babilen was found dead in Ankara in August 2006 in
his car with his ankles and throat slit.
New developments have surfaced involving the Babilen case,
strengthening suspicions that the engineer was in fact murdered.
A report prepared by three forensic experts who are medical pro-
fessors working at various schools of medicine, was disclosed to the
media early this week in which all three experts ruled out suicide as
Babilens cause of death. In addition, a report drafted by a legal expert
on the matter tasked by the Ankara Prosecutors Office reached the
conclusion that Babilen had not committed suicide, indicating mur-
der as the possible cause of death. These are the latest developments
on the part of the judiciary concerning the Babilen case.
There is also a need for the evaluation of developments that took
place within the Turkish defense industry prior to and at the time the
three engineers were found dead in 2006 and 2007 to help shed light on
the state of Turkish military affairs, something still regarded as taboo in
this country. It is also important to touch upon some of the projects that
these engineers had been working on at the time they were found dead.
A trial was in progress involving 56 suspects, including retired and active
duty officers, which began in April of this year over charges of selling se-
cret military projects locally developed to unidentified foreign countries.
Back in 2004, the ruling Justice and Development Party (AK
Party) made a major policy shift in the Turkish defense industry to
lessen as much as possible Turkeys dependence on third countries,
which stood at around 80 percent at the time when it came to criti-
cal military technology. Under the new policy, Turkey abandoned
the joint arms systems production model with foreign companies
that had not helped at all to create a strong Turkish defense indus-
try base. In this model, Turkeys foreign partners had always been
major and leading defense industry companies in the world. Third
countries normally prefer to buy arms from a source country build-
ing the arms system instead of, for example, from Turkey jointly
building the same systems with these major companies. Therefore,
the joint partnership model neither helped Turkish defense exports
nor contributed to producing Turkish military technology.
Resorting to such wrong models had a direct link to the Turkish
state mentality of buying military products off the shelf from major pro-
ducers instead of making any effort to indigenously build critical arms
systems. This mindset increased Turkish dependence on third countries
when it comes to critical technology while Turkish arms expenditures
always formed the largest bulk of the budget of Turkish ministries.
However, as a result of the 2004 policy, Turkey at least reduced
to a certain extent its dependence on foreign technology from
abroad while focusing on producing certain arms systems domesti-
cally instead of buying them from abroad.
Turkeys ongoing policy of creating a strong defense industry
base is also understood to have reduced the appetite of those for-
eign companies and their local partners, who earned large sums of
money at the expense of Turkish taxpayers through marketing the
self-defense projects to Turkish buyers.
Aselsan engineer Babilen, now suspected to have been mur-
dered, was working on a project stipulating the development of a
local tank through the maximum usage of local industry capabilities
after the government in 2004 canceled the joint production of 1,000
tanks with a foreign company. As a matter of fact, Turkey signed a
tank production agreement with local companies in 2006, several
months after Babilens mysterious death.
Therefore, the years in which Turkish engineers were found
dead coincided with the years in which Turkey was at a turning
point in boosting its defense industry base.
A military espionage trial that started in April of this year is also
worth following very closely for the prosecutors in the Babilen
case as it involves accusations leveled against 56 suspects for sell-
ing military state secrets, including military projects developed lo-
cally. The suspects were also accused of resorting to dirty methods
of blackmail against those resisting giving them state secrets.
The probe into Babilens mysterious death may also help us
trace and unearth dirty mentalities that had previously been con-
cealed under the shield of state secrecy.





Fahmy Howeidy, a columnist at the Egyptian
Esh Shuruk daily said the Arab media relied on
foreign news agencies for international stories. He
stated that Turkey has gotten closer to Egypt over
the past few years, saying this would have benefits
for both countries and noting that the main points
of disagreement betweenTurkey and Arab countries
were Turkeys membership in NATO and its rela-
tions withIsrael. Hesaidcultural ties betweenTurkey
and Arab countries need to be strengthened, adding
that he believed this would happen as democracy
ripens in the Arab world. He also complained that
articles published in Turkish are not translated into
Arabic as much as they needed to be, saying the dif-
ference in language constituted a problem.
Akif Beki, who chaired the session, agreed,
saying that Turkish and Arab media did not fol-
low each other directly. Beki said Turkish and
Arab media organs should be able to follow each
others stories directly, not through third parties
such as the British, French or US media. He said
many Arabs were now on Twitter, noting that us-
ing the social media could help fill the gap.
Al Jazeeras Executive BoardConsultant Ahmad
Al Sheikh said the press has played a role in recent
uprisings in Arab countries, noting that his organi-
zation had played a crucial part in the Arab Spring.
Another Arab journalist, Azam Tamimi from the
London-based Arab-language El-Hivar TV, agreed
that the Arab media contributed greatly to the ac-
celeration of the revolutions in the Arab world. He
said the West had imposed its idea that there can
be no democracy without laicism, but added that
he believed Islam and democracy were not in con-
flict. Abdulaziz Ibrahim Bali, a representative from
Saudi Arabias Press and Information Ministry,
said some press organs were covering the Arab
spring with an ulterior motive. He complained that
reports from some Turkish media organs had gone
to Saudi Arabia and printed or broadcast news sto-
ries that were skewed. He said Turkey and Saudi
Arabia had to work together in this field.
Another participant, Ghani Oukazi from Al-
gerias Le Quotidien dOran, said the entire world
was watching Turkey with eyes wide open, say-
ing, The West is persistently denying the fact that
Turkey is a democratic and very liberal country.
Okuazi criticized both Turkish and Arab media or-
gans, saying they did not pay enough attention to
events in other parts of the world. In another ses-
sion on the Arab perception of Turkey later in the
day, Mahgoup Mohammed Salih from Sudans Al
Ayam daily said Turkeys recent stance against Is-
rael and its refusal to let the US deploy crafts and
troops on its soil during the Iraqi war had increased
Turkeys popularity in the Arab world. Salih also
praised Turkey for presenting a beautiful example
of peace between Islam and secularism, saying this
had positive repercussions in the Arab world.
Meanwhile, Deputy Prime Minister Blent Arn,
who listenedto the discussions inthe forum, present-
ed the participants witha plaque. stanbul Todays Zaman
Despite seeking closer ties with the anti-re-
gime Free Syrian Army (FSA), the Syrian Na-
tional Council (SNC) rebuffed claims on Wednes-
day that it plans to supply the group of national
military deserters with arms from deals with Libya.
We have not discussed with Libyan au-
thorities the possibility of purchasing arms,
SNC member Khaled Khodja told Todays
Zaman Wednesday, dismissing rumors in the
Turkish press that the group had discussed
an arms deal with Libyan officials. The Turk-
ish press was awash with reports Wednesday
morning that the council had met in stanbul
with Libyan authorities earlier in the week, with
the two sides negotiating a deal that would see
the smuggling of arms across the Turkish border
to Syrias armed resistance groups.
The Syrian National Council met previously
with the [Libyan] Transitional Council in Benghazi,
but this was only a meeting. They have offered sup-
port to us, especially of a political nature, but there
has never been any talk of an arms deal, Khodja
stated. The rumors come at a time when the SNC,
a coalition of religious and secular forces committed
to the ousting of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, is
seekingcloser ties withthe Free SyrianArmy, a group
of military deserters who also oppose the regime.
The SNC met with SFA commanding offi-
cer Col. Riad al-Assad on Monday and agreed to
a new, semi-official relationship between the two
groups. According to Khodja, the agreement fol-
lows months of informal contact with the FSA and
is aimed at limiting the increasingly offensive na-
ture of the groups operations.
The agreement stipulates that the Free Army
must act in a way suited to the goals and the aims
of the SNC and further states that the duty of this
group is to protect, not to attack, stated Khodja.
The ideology of the SNC, which has urged Syrias
street movement to adopt a strictly nonviolent re-
sistance, has found itself increasingly at odds with
the FSAs -- and a growing number of protesters
-- plans to topple the regime by force.
Earlier this month saw an attack by the FSA on
an air force intelligence base on the outskirts of Da-
mascus, an attack which was demonized by state
media and seen as evidence of a violent turn in the
opposition movement by international media.
The FSA, according to Khodja, is learn-
ing from such events. Col. Riad al-Assad has
grown aware of the counterproductive nature
of these acts. [President] Assad is trying to push
the street movement towards a conflict and at-
tacks only help [his regime].
Syrian National Council rebuffs Libyan arms deal rumors
contnued frompage 1
contnued from page 1
Speaking at a news
conference, Foreign
Minister Davutolu re-
vealed economic sanc-
tions against Syria.
brahim Kaln, the chief consultant and a public
Diplomacy coordinator at the Prime Ministry.
Athens and Nicosia
block participation
of Turkey in EU talks
But Greece and Greek Cyprus, two
putes with Turkey over the fate of Cyprus,
Turkish diplomatic sources said. Turkish
officials earlier said French authorities
had contacted themabout their proposal
and that Ankara was willing to attend if a
formal invitation was extended. Turkish
officials learned on Wednesday that An-
kara was not to be invited due to Greek
and Greek Cypriot opposition.
Turkish officials criticized the EU de-
cision as lacking wisdom. It seems the
EU has decided to solve the Syria prob-
lem with the help of the regions stron-
gest country, Greek Cyprus, head of the
Parliaments Foreign Affairs Commission
Volkan Bozkr commented, sarcastically.
We are relieved. Ankara Todays Zaman
contnued frompage 1
As criticisms have been raised about a
new law covering sports crimes, Presi-
dent Abdullah Gl has said he is uneasy
about the recent amendments made to the law
after Parliament approved it, which he says urges
him to examine the amendments more carefully.
Gl responded to questions on Wednesday
by reporters at a press conference he called at
Ankara Esenboa Airport before his departure
to Kyrgyzstan for an ofcial visit. When asked
about a letter recently sent to him by former
journalist and new Justice and Development
Party (AK Party) deputy amil Tayyar, asking
him not to approve the amendments, Gl said:
Frankly speaking, I feel uneasy about this law.
A law which was passed in Parliament just six
months ago should have been prepared well.
A bill that proposes an amendment to the
Law on the Prevention of Violence and Disor-
der at Sporting Events, which governs crimes
related to professional sports and was passed
in Parliament six months ago, was approved in
Parliament last week.
The bill, drafted through a consensus
among the parliamentary group deputy chair-
men of all political parties in Parliament, calls
for shorter prison terms for individuals con-
victed of match-xing, who can currently re-
ceive a maximum of 12 years in prison. The bill
reduces the maximum sentence to three years.
Recalling that all political parties had agreed
on the amendments to the law, Gl said he or-
dered his aides to examine the approved amend-
ments before making a decision on the changes.
The match-xing investigation Gl referred
to is the one that has been shaking Turkish foot-
ball since July. The investigation concerns alle-
gations that some club ofcials and footballers
rigged games in the Spor Toto Super League
(rst division) and the Bank Asya League 1
(second division). In July, police raided homes
and football club premises, detaining some 60
people suspected of xing football matches in
the two leagues last season. Many high-rank-
ing football ofcials from various Turkish clubs,
including Fenerbahe and Beikta, have been
arrested on charges of fraud and match-xing.
AK Party deputy and investigative jour-
nalist Tayyar claimed on NTVs sports radio
channel on Tuesday that the law has been
changed because some sports clubs repre-
sentatives had persuaded the political par-
ties, arguing that the sports sector would be
eliminated if the law remains as is.
Tayyar also claimed that the law was changed
to save some people from criminal sentences.
There cannot be person-specic adjust-
ments made to laws. This cannot be made even
if the concerned citizen is [Fenerbahe Club
Chairman] Aziz Yldrm. With this law, it will be
impossible to prevent gangs. Thats why I wrote
to the president, he said on the radio program.
Tayyar also said Beikta Club Chairman
Yldrm Demirren, Fenerbahe Club Deputy
Chairman Nihat zdemir and the Turkish Football
Federations (TFF) Gksel Gmda have lobbied
in Parliament against the previous and stricter law.
Demirren tried to prevent a deputy from
going forward with his offer for a change in the
law. I said in my letter [to the president] that
sport has been victim to its own Ergenekon.
Ergenekon stopped when the 10th wave be-
gan. When the operation against match-xing
touched person X, it was stopped. This is all I
can do. What else can I do? Should I burn my-
self to death in front of the ankaya presiden-
tial palace? asked Tayyar, who is among the
most prolic writers on Ergenekon, a clandes-
tine terrorist organization allegedly planning to
overthrow the government. stanbul Todays Zaman
Parliament early on Wednesday approved a new bill
on paid exemption from military service, which enables
men 30 years old and over to skip military service in exchange
for TL 30,000. The Bill Amending the Law on Military Ser-
vice was approved at 5:10 a.m. following talks that lasted
12 hours. According to the bill, men born before Jan. 1, 1983
who have not yet completed their compulsory military service
can opt to pay TL 30,000. Those who wish to be exempted
must apply and complete their payments within six months.
The money will go to a bank account under the name of the
minister of family and social policy at Ziraat Bankas.
Applicants can either pay the full TL 30,000 up front or
half the amount at the time of application and the rest of the
sum within six months. Those who pay will be completely ex-
empted from military service, receiving no basic military train-
ing, Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoan said while speak-
ing at his partys group meeting in Parliament on Nov. 22.
The revenue obtained from the military exemption
offer will be spent on social services to provide for the
relatives of those who died in the ght against terrorism,
veterans, the handicapped, families in need whose sons
are serving in the Turkish military as enlisted person-
nel and to former members of the gendarmerie and the
National Police Department who were disabled while
on active duty, the prime minister added.
The bill also simplies military service for Turkish citizens
living abroad. Provided that they have been abroad for at
least three years, Turkish citizens living abroad can pay 5,000
to 7,500 euros, depending on their age, and come to Turkey
to serve a shortened 21-day military service. According to the
new law, they will be completely exempted from military ser-
vice in return for 10,000 euros, regardless of age. The bill will
now be examined by President Abdullah Gl. If he approves
it, the new system will go into force. stanbul Todays Zaman
A new circular that was issued on Tuesday by
the undersecretary of the Health Ministry puts
new restrictions on medical advertising and the pro-
motional activities of private health care institutions.
According to the circular, private health insti-
tutions cannot use expressions that run contrary to
the rules of professional conduct in their advertise-
ments. The circular says a private health institution
cannot advertise products or treatments whose sci-
entic effectiveness has not been conrmed with
laboratory studies and that are not used commonly
in the medical eld. The institutions can only ad-
vertise for or inform about products and treatment
methods that are listed in their licenses.
The circular also restricts the usage of some
expressions used to attract attention, including
supreme, rst, unique and the most ef-
fective. Private institutions cannot use sentences
such as This is the best way to cure this disease,
or, This product will eliminate your disease in the
shortest possible time, in their advertisements.
About possible violations of these new advertising
rules, the circular says that institutions found to violate
the regulations will face various sanctions included in
regulations regarding private healthcare institutions.
Speaking to Todays Zaman, Health Ministry
Undersecretary Nihat Tosun said that some private
institutions have begun to turn their healthcare insti-
tutions, which are supposed to provide services to peo-
ple, into commercial establishments whose only aim
is to maximize their prot and they use expressions
such as supreme and unique to mislead people.
Private healthcare institutions can only use
advertisements that inform people about their
addresses, telephone numbers and the medical
services they offer, Tosun added. Warning people
about medical products and treatments that are
advertised on some websites, Tosun said that peo-
ple should be very careful about the medical ad-
vertisements they encounter online because most
of the medical products and treatment methods
advertised are not scientically proven to work.
Parliament approves bill on military service exemption
Health Ministry circular brings restrictions to medical advertisements
Ancient mosaic tiles were returned to the Hagia
Sophia Museum 55 years after employees there
gave them to an American tourist, the Radical daily re-
ported on Wednesday. Eliza B. Chrystie was given the
historic mosaic pieces by employees at the Hagia Sophia
in 1956 during a visit to Turkey with her husband, a sol-
dier, who had a meeting to attend in Ankara. The couple
visited stanbul, where they went to see the Hagia Sophia,
which was under restoration at the time. The employ-
ees gave Chrystie ve mosaic tiles made of stone and six
tiles made from gold-leaf-plated glass, Radikal reported,
which she put in her bag and stored in her home for years.
But, according to the Radikal report, she started feel-
ing very remorseful and suffered from nightmares for years.
She returned to stanbul with her sister in Septem-
ber to deliver the mosaic tiles and stones to their right-
ful owner. Not daring to return them herself to Hagia
Sophia ofcials, she instead gave them to a jeweler
while shopping in Sultanahmet Square.
Jeweler Adil Birsen told Radikal that he handed
over the mosaic tiles and stones to Hagia Sophia Mu-
seum authorities. According to the museums report,
Chrystie felt uneasy and wanted to return the mosaic
tiles to the Hagia Sophia. The jeweler gave a copy of
the report to Chrystie, whom he said then told him, I
can now live my life in peace. Hagia Sophia Museum
Director Hayrullah Cengiz told Radikal the mosaic tiles
may look small but are of great value. stanbul Todays Zaman
Kazakh Ambassador to Turkey Canseyit Tme-
bayev and his wife hosted a reception at the JW
Marriot Hotel on Tuesday on the occasion of Kazakh-
stans national day. Among the guests present at the
event were Kazakh Speaker of the Senate of Parlia-
ment Kayrat Mami, members of the Turkish Parlia-
ment -- including Parliamentary Speaker Cemil iek
and Energy and Natural Resources Minister Taner
Yldz -- representatives of political parties and mem-
bers of diplomatic corps serving in Ankara.
Speaking at the event, iek underlined that Tur-
key and Kazakhstan are sister countries and that Ka-
zakhstan has sided with Turkey since its independence.
Kazakhstan has made important progress over the
past 20 years, and I believe a better future awaits Ka-
zakhstan. I would like to take this opportunity to extend
my best wishes and regards to the people of friendly
Kazakhstan, he said. Following his speech, the ambas-
sador presented the Certicate of Honor of the Republic
of Kazakhstan to iek; Abdlhamit Bilici, the general
manager of the Cihan news agency and a Zaman and
Todays Zaman columnist; and Zaman Editor-in-Chief
Ekrem Dumanl for their contribution to the develop-
ment of bilateral relations. Ankara Todays Zaman
Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoan on Wednes-
day telephoned main opposition Republican
Peoples Party (CHP) Chairman Kemal Kldarolu
to return an earlier courtesy call from the CHP leader
following a procedure Erdoan underwent on Satur-
day. A statement from CHP headquarters noted that
Kldarolu had immedi-
ately telephoned the hospi-
tal where Erdoan under-
went laparoscopic surgery
on Saturday for a stomach
condition and said Erdoan
phoned Kldarolu on
Wednesday to return his
call. The two leaders talked
about Erdoans health,
and Kldarolu once again wished the prime minister
a speedy recovery. Erdoans operation became public-
ly known only a few days after it took place at a private
Ankara hospital. Prime Ministry spokesmen have said
he is in good condition. stanbul Todays Zaman
1,500-year-old mosaic
tiles returned to Hagia
Sophia after 55 years
Kazakhstan holds
national day reception
PM Erdoan returns
Kldarolus call
President uneasy about quick
amendment to law on match-fixing
Hagia Sophia



Fenerbahe club Chairman Aziz Yldrm, shown here in the middle of the crowd, is also among the arrested. He and others will do less time in jail if the president ratifies a new law reducing jail terms for match-fixing.






T H U R S DAY, D E C E MB E R 1 , 2 0 1 1
In a televised address to the nation on
Tuesday, Prime Minister Recep Tayyip
Erdoan stated that the terrorist Kurd-
ish Communities Union (KCK), an umbrella
group that allegedly encompasses the outlawed
Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) and its afliated
organizations, aims to create a parallel state.
Erdoan said the KCK was an organization
attempting to create a parallel state steered from
mral Prison (by jailed PKK leader Abdullah
calan) and was collaborating with terrorists.
Those who dene KCK operations as the
arrest of politicians and the limitation of free-
dom of expression should rst of all look at the
evidence, documents, photographs and facts
and see those who are providing terrorists with
logistical support under the cover of lawyers,
Erdoan said in a televised address to the nation.
Erdoan said KCK operations were staged
in line with judicial decisions and in pursuit of
intelligence organizations and security units.
It is unjust and baseless to target the govern-
ment and launch an anti-government cam-
paign regarding KCK operations, he said.
The prime minister added that those who
depict the KCK organization as an innocent ci-
vilian organization were making a serious mis-
take, and recent documents and photographs
had proven the direct relationship KCK and PKK
members had with each other. None of the
mayors was arrested for their municipal services
or political activities. Each of them was detained
or arrested on charges of involvement in terror-
ism and illegal activities based on several docu-
ments and evidence, he said. Erdoan said that
if there were innocent people among the detain-
ees, judicial organs would naturally release them.
Moreover, Erdoan said the government
would not tolerate any moves against freedom
when it was trying to broaden freedom of expres-
sion, lifting bans and correcting previous mis-
takes. We will never allow or condone the ter-
rorist organization, or an organization in contact
with the terrorist organization, putting pressure
on people in the region, collecting money from
them unjustly or even being fascist, he said.
According to Erdoan, the KCK and similarly
structured organizations are the biggest threat to
democracies. Furthermore, Turkish intelligence
sources recently statedthat the KCKhas printedits
rst draft banknotes in Kandil. Additionally, police
last week founddocuments showing that the KCK
has its ownso-called courts. stanbul Todays Zaman
KCK ams to create a
parallel state, says Erdoan
Russia is engaged again in losing battles. From Libya to
Syria it is evident everywhere you look. First Moscow
abstained from UNSC Resolution 1973, which allowed
international intervention in Libya. It was a position that
pleased no one. Consequently, Russia, as the Turkish
proverb goes, was neither in the good books of Moses
nor of Jesus. Apart from the policy differences between
Prime Minister Vladimir Putin and President Dmitry
Medvedev due to Operation Unied Protector, Moscow
also lost lucrative defense deals once made with Col.
Muammar Gadda, but more importantly found itself on
the losing side of things as the demise of the regime un-
folded in front of our eyes. No doubt many Russian ana-
lysts branded Russian policy on Libya as illogical. Now,
Russians are complaining that they are being excluded
from new deals in Libya. What would you be doing if you
were in the Transitional National Council (TNC) of Libya?
Syria is no different. The United Nations Security Coun-
cil attempted to push through a relatively soft resolution
on Syria in October, but it could not be approved because
Russia and China objected. As the Syrian crisis is becom-
ing ever more a regional hotspot, Russias role is becoming
more critical. Russia and Syria did not get off to a good start
during the Putin era. Things only changed in 2005 when
Damascus found itself on the defensive due to the murder
of Lebanese Prime Minister Rac Hariri and agreed to pay
hard cash for defense contracts to Russia. Despite attempts
to paint Moscows Middle East policy as a departure from
its old rigid position vis--vis friendly dictators, Russia still
seems out of tune with regional and global trends that are
overwhelmingly in the direction of getting rid of dictators.
This is more ironic given Moscows subtle openings into the
Middle East and North Africa prior to the Arab awakening.
I started my day reading the Russian Foreign Minis-
trys press statement on Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrovs
remarks on Syria. It is somewhat sad reading. Lavrov said
Syrias problems could not be solved by ultimatums and
reafrmed Moscows call for a political settlement. Very
desirable indeed, but is it doable? His calls for a Russian
mediation role in October went unanswered. According
to the Russian Ministry of Defense, Russias only aircraft
carrier and its most modern anti-submarine destroyer will
exercise a rare port call to a naval base in Syria. Such moves
resemble a Russian gamble that may cost Moscow much
more than Libya. The stakes are high in Syria. After being
on the losing side in Egypt, Tunisia, Libya and Yemen, Rus-
sia is now making a stand in Syria. The Kremlin hopes the
Arab Spring will wither into the Arab Winter. But is that
really the case, or has Moscow been unable to recognize the
overwhelming tide of the Arab awakening? Perhaps it nds
itself increasingly at odds with a world that wants more
openness, transparency and democracy? However, the
possible options in Syria are increasingly narrowing down.
The Arab League, Turkey and many countries in the
West are convinced that President Bashar al-Assad is un-
willing to negotiate and is determined to crush the opposi-
tion by force. This needs to stop.
Russia will lose out on Syria as well. The Kremlins stand-
ing with the axis of resistance will prove to be a failure. From
the beginning, Moscow recognized that the Syrian opposition
had broken the barrier of fear and has been gaining ground;
yet it did not believe the Assad regime would fall. That as-
sessment is less certain these days. Pressure is building up. I
am convinced that further change is in store for the region. If
Assad falls, criticism toward Russian policy in the Middle East
may become an embarrassment for Putins illiberal electocracy.
losng battles
Three of the signatures that appear on an
incident scene log led by the gendarmerie
following deadly raids to suppress a number of
prison riots in 2000 belong to people who are not
gendarmerie staff, and there is no footage of the
operation, according to ofcial responses given to
a court investigating the operation that killed more
than 30 people in Turkish prisons 12 years ago.
The operation, dubbed Back to Life, aimed
to stop hunger striking and rioting inmates who
were protesting a new set-up for prisons, where
the inmates would be locked up alone or with
a few other people in a single cell, as opposed
to most inmates staying in a single ward -- the
structure in place in Turkey at the time.
In Bayrampaa Prison, which saw the most
violent raid by the gendarmerie, 12 prisoners
died, and 77 others were injured, some very
seriously. There were even inmates who lost a
limb, or were otherwise maimed for life.
The Bakrky 13th High Criminal Court is hear-
ing the trial of 39 members of the gendarmerie who
participated in the operation. None of the bureau-
crats, ministers or commanders who gave orders for
or approved the operation could be taken to court.
An ofcial response to an earlier query by the
court came on Tuesday from the Gendarmerie Com-
mand. Three of the ve people whose signatures
appear on the incident scene investigation log kept
after the raid were not gendarmerie personnel, the
Gendarmerie Command said. This contradicts an
earlier report the gendarmerie sent to another court
ve years ago in a different trial concerning the raid
at Bayrampaa Prison in which the gendarmerie said
the ve people who signed the record were gendar-
merie captains. This led the court to establish that the
report, which claimed that the inmates used ame
throwers, poison bottles and long-range ries to
burn and shoot fellow inmates, was falsied. The log
also claims that wards were set on re with a ame
thrower, and that female terrorists self-immolated
and shot others in their ward. The ve ofcers army
numbers and signatures appear on the log sent to
the court. The log was led on Dec. 19, 2000.
The gendarmerie force said in response to the
Eyp 3rd Criminal Court of First Instance on June
17, 2005, where the inmates were being tried for
rioting and disrupting order, the signatures be-
longed to Zeki Bingl, mer Ark, Hseyin Pir,
Ahmet Koyiit and Ahmet E, listing them as
captains. However, the latest response, led on
Sept. 27, 2011, did not include any of these names.
It said three of the ofcers were not and had never
been part of the gendarmerie command and that
two other signatures belonged to senior lieuten-
ants Macit Sarkaya and Suat Akyan, neither of
whom is mentioned in the rst court response.
Cpt. Zeki Bingl, whose name appears in the
rst log, said: In addition to my name were the
names of four other brigade commanders. Why are
they hiding this? Wasnt that a legitimate mission?
They gave the name of 39 privates [who staged the
operation]. The purpose here is to complicate the trial
until the statute of limitations expires, according to a
report in the Radikal daily published on Wednesday.
Although ofcial responses from the gendar-
merie and other agencies have been sent to court,
they are expected to be read in the courtroom on
Dec. 2, Friday when the next hearing is due.
The Interior Ministry and the National Police
Department, responding to another query, said they
had no video images or footage from the operation.
Responses from the Ministry of Justice, the In-
terior Ministry and the Ministry of Health to que-
ries have also reached the court. Responses from
each of the three ministries denied that a special
protocol had been signed -- in response to the
courts inquiry about a trilateral protocol reportedly
signed on Jan. 6, 2000, regarding Operation Back
to Life, but also said a protocol had been signed to
improve protection and health services during
the operation in January 2000. It wasnt clear why
the ministries felt the need to state that a special
protocol hadnt been signed. stanbul Todays Zaman
The Presidency of the Court of Accounts on
Wednesday denied reports that its auditors,
who are drafting a new directive to ensure the high
court has oversight over military spending, were in-
timidated into changing the text by military ofcers.
In a statement it declared that it was out
of question that its auditors had been intimi-
dated, as was claimed in recent media reports.
According to a claim raised by the Taraf daily
on Monday, the draft, which would be a sub-
directive under the Law on the Court of Ac-
counts, was in essence a 14-article directive
that sought to make military spending more
transparent. It was drafted by an experienced
group of auditors and inspectors. The text of
the directive was submitted to the Court of Ac-
counts in its initially intended form, but was
later changed by the Presidency of the Court of
Accounts in the face of pressure from the Turk-
ish Armed Forces (TSK), which is not keen on
sharing details of its spending with the public.
According to the original and amended versions
of the text obtained by Todays Zaman, two crucial
articles were removed, signicantly curtailing any at-
tempts to make military spending more transparent.
However, in a statement issued on Wednes-
day, the Court of Accounts said that it was its legal
obligation to hear the views of relevant parties,
saying the changes made to the nal draft had not
damaged its intended purpose of bringing mili-
tary expenditure in the high courts oversight as
claimed by Taraf. It said the primary focus of the
team working on the text was to protect national
security and the public interest at the same time.
According to Taraf, one of the two crucial arti-
cle changes was Article 5 of the initial draft, which
said that audit privileges cannot be restricted by
claiming the condentiality of information that is
shared with international agencies. This refers to
various forms of information concerning weap-
ons purchases or the numbers of army personnel,
which is routinely shared with international orga-
nizations such as NATO, but not with the pub-
lic. Had this article been left in the directive, the
military would not be able to use having shared
information with an international organization as
an excuse to keep that information from the pub-
lic. Article 4, which states, Results of audit proce-
dures shall be shared with the public to a minimal
degree, was also removed from the initial text.
Turkeys recently amended Law No. 6085 on
the Court of Accounts abolished exceptions and
restrictions to inspecting military spending, with
the exception of an article that regulated proce-
dures concerning the audits of military accounts.
A new directive to be issued by Cabinet was sup-
posed to decide the points about making audit re-
ports on defense and intelligence spending public.
This was why the directive was prepared
under orders from the Presidency of the Court
of Accounts by a commission of ve expert au-
ditors. The commission, which worked on the
draft for three months, presented it to the Court
of Accounts in late October. stanbul Todays Zaman
False papers, lies but no video tape in Operation Back to Life
Court of Accounts denies military threatened its auditors
Police carry sacks filled with evidence seized in a law office run by lawyers of PKK leader Abdullah calan as part of an operation into the KCK.
A 74-year-old convict at mraniye Prison suffering from
lung cancer has died in his cell, hours after he was taken
to a hospital and sent back after doctors said his case wasnt
an emergency, although the inmate was vomiting blood.
I am vomiting blood. I vomited two sinkfuls of blood
today, Avni Karabulut, wrote to the mraniye Prison pros-
ecutor on Nov. 18, asking to be transferred to a hospital. He
was taken to the Lt Krdar Training and Research Hospi-
tal, but the doctors there said his situation did not constitute
an emergency and denied him boarding at the hospital.
In May 2010, Gler Zere, who was suffering from throat
cancer, died four months after she was pardoned by President
Abdullah Gl. Her family and lawyers have blamed the gov-
ernment for not releasing her earlier, thus preventing her from
receiving proper treatment. Gl also recently pardoned two
cancer patients, but 30 inmates suffering from cancer have died
in Turkish prisons in recent years. Prison conditions do not al-
low for proper care of cancer patients, meaning they should
either be released or imprisoned in a hospital for treatment.
Karabuluts family has also announced that they will
be ling charges against the Ministry of Health and the
Ministry of Justice. He was arrested last year in March on
causing physical injury and given one year in prison.
The family claims that the Council of Forensic Medicine
(ATK) failed to monitor the progress of Karabuluts cancer.
Fazl Ahmet Tamer, a lawyer from the Human Rights
Association (HD) representing the Karabulut family,
said they were going to le charges of negligence of
duty against ofcials from the Ministry of Health and
the Ministry of Justice who failed to provide proper care
and treatment for Karabulut. stanbul Todays Zaman
Another cancer
patient dies in prison




Speaking to the Star daily on Wednesday,
Kurdish intellectuals stated that they are not
happy with the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK)
being discussed more than the Kurdish issue.
Tahsin Sever, a Kurdish intellectual
stated that he disagrees with people who
think that the Kurdish problem found a place
among Turkeys major problems after the
PKK started its armed attacks in 1984.
We speak about the PKK and call this the
Kurdish problem. The countrys agenda is mainly
the PKK and its terrorist attacks. Since the PKK
carried out its first armed attack in 1984, the
country has only been talking about the attacks,
rather than the Kurdish problem, said Sever.
According to Sever, the PKK is not a Kurd-
ish movement and the terrorist organization
should have understood in 30 years that it is
not possible to achieve anything with armed at-
tacks. People have not had the opportunity to
discuss the Kurdish issue in a healthy way. We
could not find a way to see how this problem
can be solved. This is because Kurds have had
guns pointed at them by the two sides. From
one side, Kurds wanted to be taken under mili-
tary tutelage and from the other side PKK tute-
lage wanted to control these people. It is not
possible to raise our voices when both sides
are attacking each other, said Sever.
Another Kurdish intellectual, Mehmet Celal
Baykara, statedthat thegovernment is moving in
apositiveway tosolveKurds problems. Turkish
intellectuals fought hard for years to divest mili-
tary tutelage, and they have finally succeeded.
Likewise, us Kurds also have to be braver and
get rid of this tutelage. Kurdish intellectuals also
have to speak out without fear, said Baykara.
Sever added that Kurds are asking them-
selvesif thecountry isheadingtowardsthe90s,
when many Kurds went through terrible times
from 1990 to 1996. Many Kurds were killed
even though they had no connection to the PKK
whatsoever. It wassort of thestatetellingKurds:
It doesnt matter if you are a PKK member or
not. You have to go through this violence. He
added that ordinary Kurdish people should be
listened to in determining what problems they
are facing in the country. stanbul Todays Zaman
Kurdish intellectuals want Kurdish problem to be spoken of, not PKK
T H U R S D AY, D E C E MB E R 1 , 2 0 1 1
Southern Gas Corridor is win-win for Turkey and EU says Hilbrecht
Balloon to take super-wealthy Turks to near space in three years
Heinz Hilbrecht, a former director at the Euro-
pean Commission Department of Energy said
Turkey and the EU have mutual interests in closer
energy cooperation, and that the Southern Gas Cor-
ridor project is strategically important for both coun-
tries and is a win-win for all parties at a roundtable
discussion held by Turkish Policy Quarterly and the
The aim of the program, which was sponsored
by British Petroleum (BP), was to discuss proposals
to bring natural gas from Azerbaijan to Europe and
Turkeys critical role in transporting the gas, as well
as many other focal points in the negotiations be-
tween states involved in the project. Presentations
were made by Hilbrecht and Wolfgang Sporrer, the
regional manager of Austrias largest energy com-
pany, OMV, withsomelivelydiscussions takingplace
among participants. Hilbrecht said the EUs 20/20/20
targets to reduce energy consumption by at least 20
percent and the diversification of the EUs gas sup-
ply, given that import dependency is expected to rise,
should not be seen as anti-Russian because the EU
has to rely on a considerable amount of Russian gas
andiswillingtocontinuecooperation. Hilbrecht com-
mented on pressure by Gazprom, on Caspian coun-
tries not tobuildpipelines but tosell the gas toRussia.
This action should be perceived normal as natural
gas remains a competitive fuel, he said. He criticized
the South Streamproject for not being economical as
it is fed by fields in Siberia and it will be quite expen-
sive to pass fromthe Black Sea. Sporrer also praised
the SouthernGas Corridor project andnotedthat the
EU is not the only shareholder who will benefit, as
the Caspian region, Turkey and various energy com-
panies are also looking forward to the finalization of
the project. He said the leading role in the project has
shiftedtothe EUas it has takena proactive role intry-
ing to address past and present issues between Turk-
menistan and Azerbaijan. Sporrer also noted that the
EUdoes not need to spend a single euro onNabucco
as it is acommercial project. His comments werecon-
firmed by Hilbrecht who said, The EU offered 200
million euros to Nabucco and it is still untouched.
When it came to questions on deepening economic
and political crises in the EU, both speakers respond-
ed that times of crisis can increase uncertainties but
energy companies are accustomed to long termproj-
ects, which are not made on short term plans, and
that the financing of the Nabucco project had already
been planned. They concluded that experts agree
that the demand for natural gas is going to pick up
in the same time frame as when the Southern Gas
Corridor will come into place, so once the decision
has been made it will be a highly profitable project.
VIP Tourism, a Turkish company providing
unique travel experiences for the wealthy, will
offer its clients near space travel from 2014.
Founder and CEO of Zero2Infinity, Jos Mari-
ano Lopez-Urdiales, the inventor of the bloon,
a balloon capable of reaching altitudes of 36 kilo-
meters, twice the Concordes cruise altitude, said
it would fulfill a lifelong goal of bringing the ex-
perience of space to a wider audience.
The bloon is being marketed as a compara-
tively low-cost planetary experience, allowing
the few who can afford the 110,000 euro price
tag a view indistinguishable from what an as-
tronaut sees, said Lopez-Urdiales.
When compared to alternative forms of space
travel, Lopez-Urdiales suggested that the bloon
was the most accessible -- with no age or physical
restrictions on who can fly -- and value for money
space experience on the market. Orbital rockets,
which can reach an altitude of 400 kilometers for
seven days, cost $56 million per passenger and re-
quire training to ensure passengers can withstand
G-forces, while sub-orbital space travel can take
passengers to altitudes of 100 kilometers for seven
minutes and costs $200,000 per passenger.
Lopez-Urdiales said bloon flights would have
zero environmental impact, using non-pollutant
helium and electricity from lithium batteries, similar
to those used in electrical cars. The flights are safer
than rocket travel, according to Lopez-Urdiales, be-
cause they use no explosive elements and have no
single catastrophic failure like a rocket. Anything that
can go wrong can be corrected, every contingency
has a solution. The balloons would also conduct sci-
entific research, using technology on board to record
information relating to the earth and its atmosphere.
Currently, bloon flights will take off from
Spain, but VIP Tourism CEO Ceylan Pirinciolu
said plans are under way to create a terminal for
flights in Konya, the home of 13th-century Sufi
poet Mevlana (Rumi), an apt place to embark on a
spiritual journey, according to Pirinciolu.
Pirinciolu said passengers would be treat-
ed to a 360-degree world view at an altitude of
36 kilometers, lasting two hours, during which
they could expect restaurant-quality food and
service, including Turkish cuisine. On board
pilots will inform passengers of what they are
viewing and provide an astronomical insight
into the trip to enhance customers experience.
The bloon project has received 20 million euros
in funding from the venture capital arm of Spanish
bank La Caixa and Ultra Magic Globos-Balloons,
the second biggest manufacturer of certified crude
balloons worldwide. VIP Tourism is targeting 100
flight reservations for the commercial launch year
in 2014, carrying 400 space tourists, with each
flight holding four passengers and two pilots.
Turkeys current account deficit (CAD) will
drop noticeably starting from the final quarter
thanks to earlier measures taken by the gov-
ernment and the central bank, the banks governor,
Erdem Ba, said in Ankara on Wednesday.
Ba evaluated the latest developments at a press
conference in Ankara. Recalling that the CAD saw an
increase in September, Ba said this was a tempo-
rary increase and that the final two months of the year
will see a noticeable recovery.
He cited recent measures in a government mid-
term economic program (OVP), including increas-
ing savings and minimizing Turkeys dependency on
foreign energy resources, as the major antidotes to a
widening CAD that haunts the markets. We have to
admit that Turkey will suffer from a CAD for a certain
period of time until the reforms stipulated in the OVP
are put into action. But we have faith these reforms
will bring a permanent cure to the CAD, he opined.
Ba said the central bank expected the CAD to be
more controllable than it used to be in the follow-
ing months. An increase in foreign direct investments
(FDI) also plays a significant role to this end, he added.
Mainly emerging from the gap in the foreign trade
deficit, an unstoppable rise in the CAD has become a
structural problem for Turkey. Turkeys CAD surged
by 79.1 percent in September compared to the same
period of 2010, reaching the highest level in the ninth
month of the past 18 years, at $6.76 billion.
Making mention of inflation targets, Ba said
they expected increases in inflation through the end
of the year but reiterated these are temporary rises
as with the CAD. The current pressure on inflation --
basically due to a base effect from food prices along
with pressure from fluctuations in foreign exchange
rates this month -- according to Ba, will start to ease
by the beginning of 2012 thanks to strict monetary
measures. We do not see a problem in achieving a
5 percent target in inflation for the end of 2012. Ba
said, and added that inflation will see increases in the
short-term. Amid fast-growing domestic demand, the
Central Bank of Turkey had to revise its year-end infla-
tion forecast from 6.9 percent to 8.3 percent at the be-
ginning of this month. The bank, however, says all the
necessary measures are being taken to maintain price
stability in the medium term.
As regards developments in Turkish job markets,
the central bank governor said unemployment had
started to decline despite the increasing number of peo-
ple joining the workforce. The number of people above
the age of 18, thus qualifying to be classified as part of
the workforce, has increased in Turkey. More people
are looking for jobs than in the past in Turkey but at the
same time employment has increased. Recalling that
Turkeys employment increased by an average of 4 per-
cent between 2007 and 2010, Ba said this was record
growth when compared to most countries. This is why
employment is one of the driving forces behind stable
growth in the Turkish economy, he added.



Central Bank Governor Erdem
Ba addresses the audience
at a Ankara Chamber of Industry
meeting on Wednesday.
Ruth King, in her book The Ugly Truth about Small
Business (2005), outlines 50 things that could go
wrong in general, but were more likely to happen dur-
ing an economic crisis, following extensive research
on several enterprises. She also discusses possible
solutions to such problems should they arise. Kings
methods for coping with these challenges have some
important elements that go beyond the realm of or-
thodox economics and positivist thinking. Among her
solutions, belief, family, marriage, close friends, dedi-
cation, positive attitudes, preserving faith and hope
are all critical factors that cannot be conned to the
narrow eld of the positivist paradigm.
It seems that hard times are ahead of us as the
second wave of the global economic crisis appears to
threaten almost everywhere around the world. We
have to protect our energy, psychology, hope, self-
discipline, etc., in order not to lose control over our
lives and to have happier lives.
As a matter of fact, an article that was published in
the New Scientist in 2003 caught my attention recent-
ly. It identies 10 essential factors that can help lead
to a happy life. Also Bruno S. Freys book Happiness:
A Revolution in Economics (2008) outlines some im-
portant ways to preserve our happiness.
The importance of each piece of advice is evaluat-
ed by a group of happiness researchers, whose evalu-
ations are used by the New Scientist in a survey that
grades the proposals on a scale ranging from 0 (very
unimportant) to ve (very important). The 10 steps
to personal happiness are arranged in ascending order
of importance to personal happiness. I want to sum-
marize these ndings for my reader today with the be-
lief that they will be needed in the near future:
1. Dont worry if you arent a genius, (weight
0). Intelligence as measured by IQ does not make you
much happier, if at all. The reason may be that bright-
er people tend to have higher expectations.
2. Earn more money [up to a point], (weight
0.5). Research shows that a higher relative income
does indeed buy happiness, but only to a small de-
gree and only up to a specic income, which varies by
country and period.
3. Grow old gracefully, (weight 0.5). On average,
getting older tends to increase life satisfaction. This is
true if health and other factors, e.g., income, are not
deteriorating. This insight contradicts the often-heard
claim that elderly people tend to be depressed. An im-
portant reason for elderly peoples happiness is the re-
alization their time is running out, which teaches them
to regulate their emotions: They concentrate on features
that make them happy and circumvent those that dont.
4. Stop comparing your looks with others,
(weight 1). Good-looking people tend to be happier,
perhaps because life is easier for them. Individuals
wanting happiness should avoid comparing them-
selves, in particular, with models and movie stars.
They should appreciate that the media projects unre-
alistic images of such people.
5. Be religious, or believe in some kind of sys-
tem, (weight 1.5). Belief in Allah (God) and an after-
life gives people meaning and purpose, and reduces
the feeling of being alone. Religion therefore serves as
a powerful way to cope with adversity.
6. Provide help to others, (weight 1.5) There is a
strong relationship between happiness and altruism.
Generous people and those who do voluntary work
are more satised with their lives.
7. Desire less, (weight 2). An aspiration gap
prevents people from becoming much happier when
their income increases. Those who aspire to less than
what they already have in the way of income, friends,
family, work and health are more satised with life.
Lowering ones aspirations is an effective way to in-
crease ones happiness.
8. Make friends and value them, (weight 2.5).
People with few material possessions but intensive
social relationships do much better than those who
lack such relationships. Making friends takes time and
effort, and it is not easy.
9. Get married, (weight 3). Married people have
consistently been shown to be happier than single
people. Interestingly, cohabitation does not provide
the same benets as marriage, perhaps because of the
lesser degree of certainty.
10. Make the most of your genes, (weight 5).
Research by psychologists reveals that a set point
of happiness strongly inuences life satisfaction. To a
large extent, the genes one inherits determine this set
point. To achieve happiness, it is useful to develop
personality traits and lifestyles that support happiness.
For people with high opportunity costs, that may en-
tail, for example, a commitment to watching less tele-
vision. Extroverts tend to be happier than introverts, as
they are more likely to do things that bring happiness,
e.g., enjoying time with friends or marrying.
From my point of view, these principles go beyond
the contours of ordinary economics and would be much
more helpful without requiring any extra money.
The storm s
comng, dont
worry, be happy!
Ba: Reforms to bring noticeable
recovery in CAD in final quarter
Trade deficit nears $8 billion as imports surge in October
Turkeys economy had a trade deficit of
$7.98 billion in October as imports grew
by a significant 6.2 percent over exports,
Wednesdays data from the Turkish Statis-
tics Institute (TurkStat) revealed.
TurkStat announced that the volume of
Turkish exports rose by 8.9 percent to $11.93
billion in October over the same month a year
ago, while the year-on-year growth in imports
was recorded at 15.1 percent, bringing the
amount of money Turkey paid to purchase
goods from abroad to $19.9 billion. With
the volume of imports growing faster than
exports, the trade deficit last month was
$1.65 billion higher when compared to the
same month a year ago. The trade deficit was
$10.4 billion in September. Despite a $2.5
billion decline from the previous month, Octo-
bers data is still bleak as observers believed
a depreciating Turkish lira could discourage
imports and encourage exports as it provided
Turkish goods with a price advantage against
foreign goods in international markets.
In October, Turkeys main export destina-
tion was Germany with $1.21 billion, while
southern neighbor Iraq followed with $812 mil-
lion worth of goods from Turkey. EU countries
remained Turkeys major export market with a
44.2 percent share of Turkeys exports. This
figure, however, represented a 3.4 percent
drop from October of 2010. Russia topped
the list of countries Turkey imported fromwith
$2.3 billion, while Germany sent goods worth
Turkey has faced a widening trade deficit
as its energy bill increased in parallel to the
growing energy consumption necessary for
the speedy economic expansion it had in the
past eight to nine years. Another reason lead-
ing to a wider trade gap has been the coun-
trys exporters heavy dependence on foreign
intermediate goods. stanbul Todays Zaman

T H U R S DAY, D E C E MB E R 1 , 2 0 1 1

Japans factory production rose for the first time
in two months as auto and machinery makers ex-
panded output while bracing for global headwinds.
Factory production in October rose 2.4 percent from
the previous month, the government said Wednesday.
In September, it slumped 3.3 percent. Autos, general
machinery and chemicals drove the latest increase, ac-
cording to the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industrys
preliminary report. It described industrial production as
flat and expects another dip this month. It estimates a
0.1 percent decline in November and a 2.7 percent rise in
December. Masamichi Adachi, senior economist at JPM-
organ Securities Japan, said the governments forecasts
for the last two months of the year are too optimistic
given rising inventories. A strong yen and a weak global
economy has been challenging for Japans exporters.
Along with the debt turmoil in Europe, the recent flood-
ing in Thailand that has disrupted auto production has
compounded worries. A deputy governor of Japans
central bank underscored those concerns in a speech
Wednesday in Kyoto, western Japan. Should the yen
continue to appreciate, companies may move a critical
mass of production overseas and Japanese manufactur-
ing would find it hard to recover even if the yen depreci-
ated in future, Kiyohiko Nishimura said, according to a
copy of the speech released by the Bank of Japan. Tokyo AP
US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton urged develop-
ing nations on Wednesday to be smart shoppers
on foreign aid, warning that powerful emerging econo-
mies such as China may be more interested in exploiting
natural resources than promoting real development.
Clinton delivered the warning to a global summit on
development and aid held in South Korea, where both
traditional rich nation donors, cash-rich middle income
countries, non-governmental organizations and private
sector groups have gathered to discuss the future of the
global aid effort. She said foreign assistance should focus
more closely on priorities set by developing countries,
which must themselves do more to root out corruption,
improve rule of law and remove local tariffs and other
barriers to growth. There is another step that develop-
ing countries need to take to be smart shoppers, Clin-
ton said. Be wary of donors who are more interested in
extracting your resources than in building your capacity.
Some funding might help fill short-term budget gaps, but
weve seen time and again that these quick fixes wont
produce self-sustaining results. Clinton did not men-
tion China by name, but her comments appeared clearly
aimed at Beijings fast-expanding aid programs overseas,
particularly in Africa, where critics say China is now using
assistance programs to pry open markets for oil, miner-
als and other resources as colonial powers did in the past.
Clinton is the first US secretary of state to address the
global aid gathering, reflecting her personal commitment
to promoting overseas development as part of a smart
power initiative which aims to increase US national se-
curity by fighting poverty and instability abroad.
She noted that developed nations themselves, which
still account for the lions share of the some $122 billion
in annual international aid flows worldwide, needed to
do more to coordinate their aid effort, increase effective-
ness, and cut the political red tape that still encumbers
many aid programs. All too often, donors decisions
have been driven more by our own political interests or
policy preferences or development orthodoxies than by
our partners needs, Clinton said. But with many rich
nations mired in financial crisis and aid budgets facing
cuts, the Busan conference has focused on new players
in the global development scene: emerging economies
such as China, Brazil and India, which are fast ramping
up their own bilateral aid programs, and private sector
companies which are also stepping in to the fill the gap.
China, in particular, has resisted efforts to map out glob-
al rules for foreign assistance, arguing that as a develop-
ing nation itself it should not be bound by guidelines on
transparency, accountability and human rights when it
makes its decisions on foreign aid. Beijing now gives an
estimated $10 billion per year in foreign aid -- compared
to about $33 billion for the United States -- but much
if it remains opaque and tied to Chinese economic and
construction projects. Busan Reuters
US Secreteary of State
Clinton warns against
ill-intentioned foreign aid
Japan sees first factory
output rise in 2 months,
but outlook weak
Hillary Clinton
Europe faces a crucial 10
days to save the eurozone
after agreeing to ramp up
the repower of its bailout fund but
acknowledging it may have to turn to
the International Monetary Fund for
more help to avert nancial disaster.
We are now entering the critical
period of 10 days to complete and con-
clude the crisis response of the Euro-
pean Union, Economic and Monetary
Affairs Commissioner Olli Rehn said
on Wednesday as EU nance minis-
ters met. Eurozone ministers agreed
on Tuesday night on detailed plans to
leverage the European Financial Sta-
bility Mechanism (EFSF), but could
not say by how much because of rap-
idly worsening market conditions,
prompting them to look to the IMF.
Italian and Spanish bond yields re-
sumed their inexorable climb towards
unsustainable levels on Wednesday, as
markets assessed the rescue fund boost
as inadequate. Stocks fell and the euro
weakened after ratings agency Standard
& Poors hit some of the worlds leading
banks with a credit downgrade. It must
also be remembered that the EFSF is al-
ready funding at very wide (borrowing)
levels over Germany, struggled in its last
auction to raise the required funds and
would have its rating put under severe
pressure by any rating downgrade of
France, Rabobank strategists said in a
note. This must call into question any
plans related to the EFSF. It is yester-
days solution and the market has sim-
ply moved on. Two years into Europes
sovereign debt crisis, investors are ee-
ing the eurozone bond market, Euro-
pean banks are dumping government
debt, south European banks are bleed-
ing deposits and a recession looms, fu-
elling doubts about the survival of the
single currency. We are now looking at
a true nancial crisis -- that is a broad-
based disruption in nancial markets,
Christian Noyer, Frances central bank
governor and a governing council
member of the European Central Bank,
told a conference in Singapore.
The 17-nation Eurogroup adopted
detailed plans to insure the rst 20-30
percent of new bond issues for countries
having funding difculties and to create
co-investment funds to attract foreign
investors to buy eurozone government
bonds. Both schemes would be opera-
tional by January with about 250 billion
euros from the eurozones EFSF bailout
fund available to leverage after funding
a second rescue program for Greece, Eu-
rogroup chairman Jean-Claude Juncker
said. The aim was for the IMF to match
and support the new repower of the
EFSF, Juncker told a news conference.
But with China and other major sover-
eign funds cautious about investing more
in eurozone debt, EFSF chief Klaus Reg-
ling said he did not expect investors to
commit major amounts to the leveraging
options in the next days or weeks, and he
could not put a gure on the nal size of
the leveraged fund. It is really not possi-
ble to give one number for leveraging be-
cause it is a process. We will not give out a
hundred billion next month, we will need
money as we go along, Regling said.
Most analysts agree that only more
radical measures such as massive inter-
vention by the ECB to buy government
bonds directly or indirectly can staunch
the crisis. The prospects of drawing the
IMF more deeply into supporting the eu-
rozone are uncertain. Several big econo-
mies are skeptical of European calls for
more resources for the global lender. The
United States, Japan and other Asian
states are hesitant to chip in unless Eu-
rope commits to rst use its own resourc-
es to x the problem and peripheral euro-
zone states map out more concrete steps
on scal and economic reforms. Nobody
wants to spend money on something
they doubt would work, a G20 ofcial
said. That goes not only for Europe but
for any other country outside Europe. The
threshold for seeking IMF help is quite
high. Those seeking help need to be will-
ing to give up some of their jurisdiction on
scal policy and willing to undergo pain-
ful reform. Mere pledges and speeches
wont do. Brussels / London Reuters
EU monetary chef sees
10 days to rescue eurozone
Standard & Poors Ratings Services has low-
ered its credit ratings for many of the worlds
largest nancial institutions, including the biggest
banks in the US Bank of America Corp. and its
main subsidiaries are among the institutions whose
ratings fell at least one notch Tuesday, along with
Citigroup Inc., Goldman Sachs Group Inc., JPMor-
gan Chase & Co., Morgan Stanley and Wells Fargo
& Co. S&P said the changes in 37 nancial compa-
nies ratings reect the rms new criteria for banks,
and they incorporate shifts in the industry and the
role of governments and central banks worldwide.
The agency did not release its evaluation of each
company but said it plans to discuss the changes
during a conference call early Wednesday.
Bank of Americas issuer credit rating was cut
to A- from A, as were its Countrywide Finan-
cial Corp. and Merrill Lynch & Co. Inc. units, along
with a series of related subsidiaries. Ratings down-
grades are never seen as positive, but this round
may be particularly damaging for Bank of Amer-
ica. Concern already was growing Tuesday about
whether BofA has enough capital to withstand
another downturn in the US economy or further
trouble in Europe, and the banks stock fell to a
two-year low before the ratings announcement.
It typically costs companies more to borrow when
their credit ratings are cut, the same way a decline in a
persons credit scores drives up the interest rates that
banks and credit cards will offer him. Downgrades
could hurt parts of the banks businesses where cred-
itworthiness is critical, Bank of America said in a ling
Nov. 3 with the Securities and Exchange Commis-
sion. A downgrade also could trigger provisions in
derivative contracts that require BofA to put up more
collateral, and it could terminate the contracts, result-
ing in losses and hurting the banks liquidity.
S&P cut its rating on Citigroup Inc.s credit to
A- from A; a series of its subsidiaries also saw
changes. Goldman Sachs also was cut to A- from
A, which triggered some downgrades for subsid-
iaries. JPMorgan Chases rating also dropped to A
from A+, and its Chase Bank unit was downgraded
to A+ from AA- and other subsidiaries ratings
also changed. JPMorgan Chase took the place of
Bank of America as the nations largest bank in re-
cent months. Morgan Stanleys rating slipped to A-
from A and several of its units also got cut one
notch. Wells Fargo fell to A+ from AA- which
likewise triggered downgrades for several subsidiar-
ies. In addition, Bank of New York Mellon Corp., the
sixth biggest bank in the US, was cut to A+ from
AA-, and some units were downgraded. Bank of
New York Mellon is a custodian bank, which collects
dividends on stocks and holds cash deposits, among
other things, on behalf of its customers, which are
mainly large pension funds and money market funds.
Top UK downgrades include Barclays PLC, HSBC
Holdings PLC, Lloyds Banking Group PLC and The
Royal Bank of Scotland. New York AP
Until about 18 months ago, Dimitri had a home,
a job, a regular life. He had passed homeless peo-
ple on the street, rarely giving them a second thought.
He never imagined he could become one of them.
That was before Greece was gripped by a vi-
cious nancial crisis that has left the country tee-
tering on the brink of bankruptcy. Now the place
he calls home is beneath a highway overpass, his
bed a blanket laid out beneath a battered old desk.
Part of a discarded crate serves as a pillow. Since
the debt crisis erupted in late 2009, tens of thou-
sands of Greeks have lost their jobs or businesses
and many others struggle on in employment where
they havent seen a paycheck in months. The un-
employment rate reached a record 18.4 percent in
August, a time when the peak tourist season usual-
ly sees a dip in jobless gures. The number of those
sleeping rough has shot up by about a quarter over
the past two years to reach an estimated 20,000,
said Athanasia Tourkou of Klimaka, a charity that
cares for homeless people as well as the mentally ill.
Before it was only the mentally ill or former pris-
oners, said 49-year-old Dimitri, who used to work
for a well-known Greek folk dancing troupe. Now
its totally different. Now there are families on the
streets. Divorced with a 19-year-old daughter and
18-year-old son, the former dancer is too ashamed
to tell his ex-wife and children what has happened
to him. He asked that his surname not be used be-
cause they think he lives with a friend. He leaves
his makeshift bed before dawn each day. I dont
want people to see me sleeping on the street, he
said. I walk endlessly. ... Its exhausting, psycho-
logically as well as physically.
Facing a runaway national debt and a massive
budget decit, Greece has relied since May 2010 on
billions of euros in international rescue loans to make
ends meet. In return, the government has imposed
harsh spending cuts, slashing pensions and salaries
and pushing through several rounds of tax hikes on
everything from food and fuel to income and property.
Greeces economy is projected to contract by 5.5
percent this year, and it faces a fourth year of reces-
sion in 2012. General government debt is to reach 161
percent of GDP in 2011, or ?352 billion ($470 billion).
Family ties still run strong in this southern Euro-
pean country of about 11 million, and relatives tra-
ditionally have been the rst port of call for those in
trouble. But those networks are fraying as hard times
spread through traditionally stable families. Many
evicted from homes because they cant afford rent nd
themselves with nowhere to turn but the citys pave-
ments and park benches. Up until now people that
were facing psychological problems or addiction prob-
lems were the main population of homeless people,
Tourkou said, sitting in the brightly painted ofce of
the charitys day center, where the homeless can nd
refuge, wash their clothes, take a bath and seek help
for everything from psychological support to clothing.
Now the prole is changing and we see people with
a very high education level, people (who) up until a
few months ago had a house, a regular job, were living
with their families. And now theyre on the streets.
Thousands of the Greek capitals poorest now
rely on food handouts, some organized by the church,
some by the municipality and others by charities. The
main municipal soup kitchen is run out of a building
on Sofokleous, a street once synonymous with the
Athens Stock Exchange before the bourse relocated
in 2007. It feeds about 2,500-3,000 people a day - not
just the homeless but also those so poor they have no
other way of securing regular family meals. Athens AP
S&P downgrades leading US banks credit ratings
More Greek people homeless as debt crisis takes its toll




We are now entering the critical period of 10 days to complete and conclude the crisis response of the EU, Commissioner Olli
Rehn said on Wednesday. Eurozone ministers agreed on detailed plans to leverage the European Financial Stability Mecha-
nism , but could not say by how much because of rapidly worsening market conditions, prompting them to look to the IMF.
Economic and Monetary
Affairs Commissioner Olli Rehn
Beneath a ridge to our
left lurked by far the
most impressive of
the rock-cut tombs of
what was clearly the
main necropolis of
Trebenna. Cut high in
the smoothed rock
face above us,
it was graced
with a Greek
The delights of the
remnants of a once
important but seldom
visited Roman-era site
called Trebenna may be
hard to find; however,
its beauty lies in its
Theres something magical about exploring the
ruins of an ancient city for the rst time, especially
one perched alluringly atop a mountain ridge
peeping out from a thick canopy of mixed forest aame
with autumn hues. Standing astride the ridge, the gaps in
its serrated spine lled with crumbling defensive walls of
carefully hewn limestone blocks, the panorama is truly im-
pressive. On two sides towering peaks block the vista, to
the north the ground drops steeply to a deep, cave-riddled
valley before rising again to the cliffs and crags dominating
the slope of the mountain rearing up on the far side. Only
to the east is the view unobstructed, down across dense
woodland to, some 700 meters below, the city of Antalya
sprawled across the Pamphylian plain, backed by the vast,
shimmering blue sheet of the Mediterranean.
It would be a grand place to be were the limestone
ridge just that, a natural vantage point giving superla-
tive mountain and sea views reached after an exceedingly
pleasant woodland stroll. The fact that dotted along and be-
low the ridge are the additional delights of the remnants of
a once important but seldom visited Roman-era site, make
it a special place. Indeed the only trouble with Trebenna is
nding it, as not only is it an unsigned, open (theres no
ticket booth or admission fee) site, youll also search in vain
for any information about it in any standard guide. The
problems begin once you have parked your car in a lovely,
secluded valley just off the main road between Antalya and
Geyikbayr (itself on the road to the well-known yayla of
Fesleen, home to a popular oil wrestling festival in the
summer), a mere 40-minute drive west of Antalya.
Into the forest
The valley bottom, which is the starting point of the walk to
Trebenna, is easy to nd as it is home to a couple of places,
Josito and Kezbans, which offer camping and hut accom-
modation to rock climbers who throng to the valleys bolted
cliffs every winter from colder, wetter northern European
climes. The limestone outcrop on which ancient Trebenna
was situated, controlling the route intothe valley fromwhich
it rises, is initially visible above the forest. Once you head
west on a forestry track, however, it disappears from view,
leavingthe walker free toconcentrate onnegotiatingthe tiny
weir that crosses a mountain stream owing fast and clear
beneatha great, arched canopy of ancient plane trees.
Across the stream the track bends away to the left but
the route to Trebenna continues up a steep bank and en-
ters scrubby woodland. The path would be impossible to
nd were it not for a series of cairns marking it as it zigzags
up beneath the trees, though even then it is easy to lose in
the dappled shade and the plethora of competing paths,
many which appear to have been forged by wild boar,
which are abundant in the area. After a little over an hour
we emerged from beneath the shade of the trees onto a
at, treeless area once used, according to my friend Ce-
malettin, by local villagers to grow and thresh wheat. Its
a relief to be free of the forest for a while, especially when
your goal is tantalizingly visible just above, a pale rock
ridge surmounted by stretches of ancient wall and towers.
Wow, thats really something to see said American
Joe, my other walking companion, already scanning the
heights to nd a way through the last remaining band of
trees and scrub to be negotiated before reaching the ruins.
Ascent to the ruins
Heading more steeply up we shouted in delight to each oth-
er at the sight of a lidless sarcophagi, tumbled onto its side,
peeping out from the undergrowth. It was complete with
an inscription carefully chiseled in Greek lettering within
a bas-relief plaque carved on its side. Behind it lay
a square, cave-like hollow in a
small cliff face. It was, of course, a rock-cut tomb, complete
with a niche carved into the cliff to its left, where mourn-
ers would have placed lighted candles or oil lamps. Another
Greek inscription was carved into a block set in a high wall
of neatly cut masonry that ran through the all-enveloping
scrub, behind the sarcophagus. That this had been a settle-
ment of some importance in ancient times was clear from
what we had seen already, but scrambling through a door-
way in the wall and crossing from one side of the ridge to the
other, we soon realized that there was much more to come.
Here was a forestry track, which according to Ce-
malettin, led up to Geyikbayr village, marking an easier
(but far less satisfying) route to the site of Trebenna. Ignor-
ing this, we followed a clear path left, through the under-
growth, past a series of impressive doorways piercing a
stretch of stone walling, each boasting beautifully carved
stone lintels and jambs. This had clearly been a building of
great importance but what its function was I was unsure,
as were my companions. Although it was only a little after
midday, it had been a long day already so we sat and basked
in the pale heat of a glorious mid-November day. Backs to a
row of rock-cut tombs carved out from the hillside behind
us, we enjoyed coffee and a packed lunch whilst admiring
the view down to Antalya and the Mediterranean.
Wed actually planned an ascent of a snow-
capped peak behind Fesleen yayla and set off
at six that morning but a near disaster with
an oil leak on my truck had necessitated
four hours hanging around the sanayi
(industrial estate) in Antalya whilst it
was xed, thus wed had to scale down
our ambitions for the day. Trebenna,
however, had already proved a more
than adequate replacement, with
Cemalettin pointing out
quite rightly that our
targeted peak
had no Roman remains and would be there for
another day. So, refreshed by our simple repast we
continued our explorations.
City of the dead and scaling the heights
Beneath the ridge to our left lurked by far the most
impressive of the rock-cut tombs of what was clearly
the main necropolis (city of the dead) of Trebenna.
Cut high in the smoothed rock face above us, it was
graced with a Greek inscription Trakondas Ermaiou
(presumably the name of the deceased) and decorated
with twin relief carved ower motifs. Clearly the tomb
of someone of great importance, it was protected by
a high wall pierced by a monumental doorway. Many
other simpler tombs, some blackened by the res of
Turkish hunters or shepherds, pocked the cliffs be-
low the ridge-top fortications. Back the other way a
short scramble upwards brought us to evidence that the
site had been occupied after the Roman era. For here,
tucked beneath the cliff face on a sloping ledge, was
a small Byzantine church, its barrel-vaulted roof col-
lapsed, the apse rent by a gaping hole. Remarkably, de-
spite its exposure to the elements for many centuries,
traces of fresco have survived, with the heads of saints,
complete with halos, clearly visible on the walls.
Reaching the ridge above required a delicate piece
of climbing above a sheer drop, but once over, this the
ridge top was -- apart from the prickly scrub -- easy to
explore. The 360-degree panorama was superb, mak-
ing up for the fact that a few stretches of defensive
walling apart, we managed to discover little to add to
our (very meager) knowledge of Trebenna. Another
compensation, however, was the small clumps of
pretty mauve croci growing beneath the scrub and
the chatter of black redstarts amongst the trees.
With the sun already tracking low towards
the backlit pyramidal peak to the southwest,
we headed on down and back into the forest.
Misled by the relative ease with which we
had found Trebenna, and with no promi-
nent ridge top to aim for, we temporarily
lost the path and had to ght our way
over fallen trees and past spiky, trail-
ing creepers until we found it again.
It hadnt exactly been Indiana Jones
stuff but the thrill of discovering,
quite spontaneously, a little-
known ancient city in the for-
ested foothills of the Toros
Mountains felt like a real
A very brief
history of Trebenna
In the first century, the city is recorded in the
StadiasmusPatarensis(adocument compiling
thedistancesbetweenLyciancities), ashaving
been in the Roman province of Lycia -- the first
recorded evidence of its existence. From the
second century an inscription found at the site
shows that there was an imperial cult here to
the Emperor Hadrian (who visited the region in
A.D. 130-131, aroundwhichtimethepopulace
in nearby Antalya and Phaselis erected trium-
phal arches in his honor). The city was at its
most prosperous in the third century, when it
was givenpermissiontomint its owncoins and
became a colony settled by Roman soldiers.
Interestingly, the derivation of the name
Trebenna is neither Greek nor Latin, but proba-
bly comes fromthe Indo-European word tarp
meaning to crush. This fact, along with cir-
cumstantial evidencefromcoins, suggest that,
like its better known neighbor Termessos, the
city had existed in the Hellenistic period and
quite possibly earlier.
Much valuable work on the site has been
carried out by Turkish archeologist Nevzat
evik. Further information is available at
of_Trebenna (registration is required).




Ruins of a Byzantine church
Peak behind the site
uined citadel w
rossing the stream
i o
growing at
the site
T H U R S D AY, D E C E MB E R 1 , 2 0 1 1
ROME -- Italy has always had a weakness for authori-
tarian figures. Emperors, kings, princes, or despots have
held power one after another since the time of the Roman
Empire. The last dominant personality, Silvio Berlusconi,
deserted by his supporters under the pressure of global
financial markets, is out as prime minister. Political frag-
mentation, age constraints and emotional exhaustion have
induced him to promise that he will not seek office again.
Berlusconis fall marks the end of one of Western de-
mocracys most controversial recent chapters. History will
judge Berlusconis actions, but Italians remain divided. All
agree that he was never primus inter pares. To his devotees,
he was like an enlightened monarch, a man who gave up his
successful private businesses to help Italy rebuild from the
ashes of Italys post-war party system, which had collapsed
in a vast corruption scandal that had left almost no part of
government unsullied. To his opponents, Berlusconi was
akin to a despot, albeit democratically elected, who abused
his office by pursuing his commercial interests and protecting
himself from legal sanction.
Whatever ones view, the story of Berlusconis rise and
fall was written long ago, during the Renaissance, in Niccol
Machiavellis classic work The Prince. Berlusconi carefully
followed all of Machiavellis teachings on how to obtain and
maintain power -- all but one, and that lapse sealed his fate.
According to Machiavelli, a leading citizen is chosen
as prince by the favor of his fellow citizens if his authority
is perceived as arising from his ability to defend them from
the elite (at that time, the nobility). When Berlusconi start-
ed his political adventure in 1994, Italians wanted protec-
tion from a ruling class that had been revealed to be utterly
corrupt. He presented himself as a self-made billionaire,
willing to enter politics for the good of the country. His
huge wealth was the collateral for his honesty.
But Berlusconi also guaranteed the survival of a
political class that had lost its credibility. Many lead-
ers of Italys political center were charged with cor-
ruption; the left lost its appeal after the collapse of the
Soviet Union; and the right never regained trust due
to the fascist legacy. Berlusconi appeared to be a sav-
ior, because he seemed to stand somewhere beyond
these tendencies and their tainted legacies. Politicians
needed only to be with or against him, regardless of
ideology. His party was based on such a strong cult of
personality that even when he was leading the opposi-
tion (as he did for half of his 17-year political career),
Italian politics remained focused on him.
When he was in power, Berlusconi was a master
at maintaining it. According to Machiavelli, a prince is
praised for the illusion of keeping his word. Owning
the main Italian TV channels and much of the popular
press simplified this for Berlusconi, and he sometimes
resorted to censorship of the state-owned television
channels as well. His media reported half-truths, de-
picting a country with a sound economy and a good
reputation abroad. In fact, languishing economic
growth, legal scandals and the absence of long-term
goals were leading Italy toward a precipitous decline.
Machiavelli argues that a prince ought to be well
armed to take action against external powers. In Berlus-
conis case, these powers were actually internal but out
of his control. His archenemy was the justice system. He
faced 16 trials for various offenses alleged to have been
committed prior to his political career. The army at his
disposal was the strongest a democracy has: the law. He
passed several measures to safeguard himself and his
entourage against prosecution, arguing all the while that
communists were conspiring to bring him down.
Finally came the fall. Machiavelli argues that the princes
actions should not be constrained by moral considerations
-- that he pursue his political goals by any means. This is pre-
cisely what an ever more weakened Berlusconi tried to do.
In order to secure power in the most turbulent months of
his political career, Berlusconi obtained the support of many
members of parliament through patronage, publicly attacked
his prosecutors and tried to water down the emergency bud-
get adopted in July in order to benefit his own companies.
Here is where he deviated from Machiavellis path.
For Machiavelli, a princes ultimate goal should always
appear to be the common good, not his self-interest. Ber-
lusconi misunderstood this lesson. He confused the public
with the private, and regularly forced the parliament to at-
tend to his personal, business and legal affairs. At the end
of his political adventure, he lost touch with reality, unable
to recognize that a depressed economy was causing popular
discontent to fester and grow.
Eventually, Berlusconi lost the support even of his loyal-
ists, as his government lost the illusion that it was serving a
public mandate. So now an interim government, led by the
technocrat Mario Monti, has been given the task not only of
restoring the health of Italys public finances, but also of revi-
talizing the legitimacy of its democratic institutions.
If the cyclical view of history that holds sway in
Italy is correct, Italians are once more waiting to be
ruled by a new dominant personality. But todays po-
litical landscape is so fragmented that no charismatic
individual will be able to rise to power anytime soon.
Italys time of princes, enlightened monarchs or dem-
ocratic despots is over -- at least for the time being.
*Edoardo Campanella is an economic adviser to the Italian
Senate, and was formerly an economist at the World Trade
Organization. Project Syndicate 2011.
Israel to release
Palestinian money
Israel announced on Wednesday that it would
release tens of millions of dollars of tax funds
owed to the Palestinians, ending a standoff
that the Palestinians say has caused grave
damage to their fragile economy. The move
came following heavy pressure by the United
States, United Nations and Europe on Israel
to free the money. Israel collects the tax funds
for the Palestinians and transfers the money
each month. Israel froze this months transfer
to punish the Palestinians for their efforts to
win UN recognition of their independence.
The Israeli decision came after the Palestin-
ians were accepted to the UN cultural agency
UNESCO -- part of a broader effort for ad-
mission as a full member state at the United
Nations. Israel accuses the Palestinians of
trying to bypass peace talks through the cam-
paign. It says that a Palestinian state can be
established only through a negotiated peace
deal. Since the UNESCO victory, the Pales-
tinian campaign at the UN has stalled due to
deadlock in the Security Council, which must
approve full membership. Jerusalem AP
Killer whale finds
new home in Spain
A young killer whale at the center of a le-
gal battle waged by Dutch conservationists
has arrived at its new home on the Canary
Islands, a spokeswoman for a Spanish zoo
said on Wednesday. The 1,400-kilogram
(3,085-pound) female orca named Morgan ar-
rived at Loro Parque on the island of Tenerife
late Tuesday after being flown from the Neth-
erlands, Patricia del Ponte said. Photographs
issued showed the whale being lowered by
crane in a cloth hammock into a pool tank at
the park. The estimated 3-year-old whale was
rescued in shallow waters off the Netherlands
in 2010. The Dutch government permit that
originally approved her capture said a Dutch
dolphinarium could hold her and restore her
health so she could be released. But after the
dolphinarium assembled a team of experts for
advice, it was found she had little chance of sur-
vival in the wild unless her natal pod, or family,
could be identified. Authorities then decided it
should be transferred to Loro Parque, which
already has several orcas. Madrid AP
EU may endorse
pooling resources
EU defense ministers are considering whether
to pool and share military resources as auster-
ity measures due to the European debt crisis
bite into national defense budgets, officials
said on Wednesday. Another cost-saving
measure that ministers will consider at their
meeting Wednesday is cutting the EU peace-
keeping force in Bosnia from 1,400 members
to 600, officials said. They spoke on condition
of anonymity in line with customary policy.
The 27-nation bloc collectively has the second-
largest defense budget in the world, amount-
ing to nearly 200 billion euros ($265 billion).
But military spending has already shrunk 15
percent in the past decade and is set to plunge
further in the next several years. Making mat-
ters worse for European armies, the fragmen-
tation of national military commands and de-
fense industries has made it almost impossible
to achieve economies of scale in the procure-
ment of military equipment. In the past de-
cade, troops from EU nations have operated in
the Middle East, Asia and Africa but they have
relied mainly on the US for logistical, intelli-
gence and other support. Brussels AP
Italys last
Zaur Shiriyev
Egypts Muslim Brotherhood says it leads in vote count
The Muslim Brotherhood said on
Wednesday it was leading in the ini-
tial count of results from the first round of
Egypts parliamentary election and one
source in its party said it had secured 40 per-
cent of votes cast for party lists
A member of the rival liberal Egyptian
Bloc also said that in Cairo, one area that
voted on Monday and Tuesday, the list led by
the Brotherhoods Freedom and Justice Party
(FJP) had 40 to 50 percent of votes. His Bloc
had 20 to 30 percent, he said. Partial official
results were due later on Wednesday but party
representatives have been monitoring the count
under way after the first stage of Egypts first
free election since army officers drove the king
into exile in 1952. The overall outcome will
not be known until January. The election is
spread over six weeks with different parts of
the country voting separately in three phases,
each of which may be followed by run-off
votes. Under an elaborate system that makes
it difficult to predict the outcome, two-thirds
of the 498 elected seats go to party lists and
the rest to individuals. The FJP said in a state-
ment early indications showed it in the lead for
both party-list and individual mandate seats.
It said the ultra-conservative al-Nour Party
was next, followed by the liberal Egyptian Bloc.
An FJP source, who declined to be named,
said it had secured 40 percent of votes cast for
party lists across the nine governorates where
voting was held in this weeks first round.
The FJP statement said the partys
strongest showing so far was in Fayoum,
south of Cairo, followed by the Red Sea,
Cairo and the southern city of Assiut. It said
the rival Nour Party was a strong competi-
tor in Kafr el-Sheikh and Alexandria.
Other areas that voted in the first round
include Luxor, Port Said and Damietta.
Basil Adel, whose party is part of the
Egyptian Bloc, which includes liberal and oth-
er parties, said the blocs list had secured 20
to 30 percent of votes counted so far in Cairo.
Adel, who is a member of the Free Egyp-
tians party co-founded by Christian telecoms
tycoon Naguib Sawiris, said the Brother-
hoods list had secured 40 to 50 percent of the
vote in Cairo, while Nour had 5 to 7 percent.
A source at another liberal party also said
the FJP was ahead in the lists, but did not
give numbers, while an official from another
liberal group, the Justice Party, questioned
the Brotherhoods claim to early success.
All the numbers they came out with are
presumptuous and are designed to create mo-
mentum for the second round, said Justice
Party spokeswoman Nora Soliman, also with-
out giving numbers. Cairo/Alexandria Reuters/AP
An electoral worker count ballots after voting closed at a center for vote
counting during the second day of the parliamentary elections in Alexandria.

Brtan wthdraws
all ts embassy staff
from Iranan captal
Iranian media said there were between 100 and 300 protesters in Qolhak and some 50 in the
main, downtown compound. The storming lasted for a matter of hours and appeared to be over
by mid-evening after local police intervened. Norway, meanwhile, closed its embassy in Tehran
Protesters brokeintotheresidential
compoundat QolhakinnorthTeh-
ran, a sprawling, wooded property which
usedtobe the embassys summer quarters.
Iranian media said there were be-
tween 100 and 300 protesters in Qolhak
and some 50 in the main, downtown
compound. The storming lasted for a mat-
ter of hours and appeared to be over by
mid-evening after local police intervened.
An Iranian report said six British
embassy staff had been briefly held by
the protesters and then freed by police,
something British Foreign Secretary
William Hague played down, saying the
situation had been confusing and he
would not have called them hostages.
Several sources told Reuters that
diplomats had had their movements
restricted by protesters and one said
staff in the main compound had been
herded into a room while protesters
ransacked the compound.
Old fox
Irans Foreign Ministry said it regret-
ted the attacks and was committed to
ensuring the safety of diplomats, and
parliament speaker Ali Larijani criti-
cized the UN Security Council for con-
demning the attacks.
The hasty move in the Security
Council in condemning the students
actions was done to cover up previous
crimes of America and Britain while
the police did all they could to keep the
peace, Larijani told parliament in an ad-
dress broadcast live on state radio. This
devious action will lead to instability in
global security, he said. Kar Va Kargar
daily quoted what it said was a statement
issued by the students involved.
The seizure of the British Embassy
was done by the revolutionary students
and this action was not done on the or-
der of any organization, the statement
said. Each free Iranian ... should know
that the seizure of this old embassy is in
the interest of Iran.
Most Iranian newspapers splashed
photographs of the embassy break-in
across their front pages.
Foxs den seized, ran the headline
in conservative daily Vatan-e Emrouz, re-
ferring to Britains nickname the old fox
which reflects a view widely held in Iran
that the former imperial power still wields
behind the scenes influence in Iranian af-
fairs. Several newspapers referred to the
storming as akin to a repeat of the 1979
takeover of the U.S. embassy in which
52 Americans hostages were held for 444
days, ending diplomatic ties with Wash-
ington that have never been restored.
Seizure of second spy den by
Ruhollahs revolutionary children,
ran the main headline in hardliner Ya
Lesarat, referring to Ayatollah Ruhollah
Khomeini, the late leader of the 1979 Is-
lamic Revolution. Tehran Reuters/AP
Iranian protesters try to enter the British Embassy in Tehran. Iranian police later cleared the
street in front of the main British Embassy compound in Tehran on Tuesday.
An Iranian hard-line
protester runs inside the
British Embassy as a dip-
lomatic vehicle is set on
fire by demonstrators.
China criticizes
Iranian attacks on UK
diplomatic compounds
China on Wednesday criticized the storming of
two British diplomatic compounds in Tehran a day
before, opening a rare public crack in outwardly
amicable relations with Iran. China is a big con-
sumer of crude oil from Iran, and has resisted
proposed Western sanctions on Tehrans nuclear
ambitions that could stymie those energy ties.
But the rowdy attacks on British diplomatic quar-
ters in Tehran drew criticism from the Chinese
Foreign Ministry. China has always maintained
that thesafety anddignity of diplomatic personnel
and properties must be ensured and protected,
the ministry spokesman Hong Lei told a daily
news briefing in Beijing, in answer to a question
about the incident. The attacks in question were
contrary to international law and rules, and they
should be appropriately dealt with, he said. Irani-
an demonstrators stormed two British diplomatic
compounds, smashing windows, torching a car
and burning the British flag in protest against new
sanctions imposed by London. Beijing Reuters/AP






contnued frompage 1
T H U R S D AY, D E C E MB E R 1 , 2 0 1 1
The US began to endorse Pakistan in 1947
due to its geostrategic importance, and has
since provided more than $20 million in mili-
tary and civilian aid to this country.
Pakistan has been the third-largest recipi-
ent of US security aid after Israel and Afghani-
stan over the years.
Like Turkey, Pakistan was going to play an
important role in preventing Soviet expansion-
ism in the region during the Cold War. Even
though Pakistan has been under US inuence,
there were several challenges for US govern-
ments in dealing with Pakistan.
In 1978, for example, the American admin-
istration tried to force Pakistan to cancel its
nuclear program. It failed.
One can denitely argue that the main rea-
son the US failed to prevent Pakistans nuclear
program at the time was the signicance of
Pakistans geopolitics.
When the Soviet Union invaded Afghani-
stan, US policy makers remembered again that
they desperately needed Pakistan to overcome
the Soviet forces in Afghanistan.
Pakistan was now a frontline ally against
In 1998 Pakistan carried out several nuclear
tests in response to India.
In 1999 Gen. Pervez Musharraf executed a
successful military coup and overthrew elected
Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif and his govern-
ment. While the international community was
about to downgrade its relations with Pakistan,
Sept. 11, 2001, once again pointed out the geo-
strategic importance of Pakistan.
The US needed the support of Pakistan to
invade Afghanistan to get rid of the Taliban
regime, and al-Qaeda. Pakistan joined the US
War on Terror, and therefore, the US ignored
the lack of democracy and human rights in
Pakistan due to its geostrategic importance.
But is Pakistan as lucky as it was before?
I dont think so.
The recent developments between the US
and Pakistan indicate that nothing will be as it
was before the US discovered that Osama bin
Laden had been hiding in Pakistan.
Many US ofcials believe that it was impos-
sible for bin Laden to hide in Islamabad without the
knowledge of Pakistani intelligence services.
A few days ago, NATO helicopters at-
tacked two Pakistani military border posts,
killing 24 soldiers.
Pakistan announced plans to review all
diplomatic, military and intelligence links with
the US and NATO after the incident.
There are several other signicant inci-
dents that damaged relations between the US
and Pakistan that I have to mention.
A CIA contractor shot and killed two Paki-
stanis in the city of Lahore last winter.
In July 2011, Syed Ghulam Nabi Fai, the head
of a Washington advocacy group, the Kashmiri
American Council, was arrested on charges of spy-
ing for Pakistan for years. According to the pros-
ecutors, Mr. Fai, who allegedly made campaign
donations to Congress and developed networks at
the White House and the State Department, was
actually on the Pakistani governments payroll.
Adm. Mike Mullen, on the other hand, had
claimed that Pakistan played a direct role in sup-
porting the insurgents who carried out the deadly
attack on the US Embassy in September of this year.
Meanwhile, Saleem Shahzad, a Pakistani jour-
nalist, who had written exclusive reports about the
inltration of al-Qaeda and Taliban into the Paki-
stani army and the intelligence services of the coun-
try, disappeared on May 29 of this year.
A few days later, his dead body was discovered
in a canal several kilometers from his house.
American ofcials tend to believe that
Pakistans powerful Inter-Services Intelli-
gence (ISI) was behind his death.
In his recent book Inside Al-Qaeda and the
Taliban: Beyond Bin Laden and 9/11, which was
published two days before his disappearance,
Shahzad had focused on radicalization in the Paki-
stani military and intelligence services for years.
US ofcials also believe that the al-Qaeda-
linked Haqqani network in Afghanistan also has
ties with the Pakistani intelligence services.
Last month on Capitol Hill when Secretary
of State Hillary Clinton was asked: So which is
it, Madam Secretary? Crack down or negotiate
with the Haqqani network or a little bit of both?
by Representative Ileana Ros-Lehtinen, the Flor-
ida Republican who heads the House Foreign
Affairs Committee, she said: Its both. We want
to ght, talk and build all at the same time.
But, is Pakistan as lucky as it was in 1978
and 1999? I dont think so.
*Aydoan Vatanda is an investigative reporter
based in New York.
relatons: A
bad marrage
Aydoan Vatanda
A senior Pakistani army ofcial has said a NATO cross-bor-
der air attack that killed 24 soldiers was a deliberate, blatant
act of aggression, hardening Pakistans stance on an inci-
dent that could hurt efforts to stabilize Afghanistan.
Islamabad decided on Tuesday not to attend a major conference on
the post-2014 future of Afghanistan in Germany next week, an angry ri-
poste to the attack that threatens to set back peace efforts in Pakistans
troubled neighbor. Continuing Pakistans angry tone, Maj. Gen. Ishfaq
Nadeem, director general of military operations, said NATO forces were
alerted they were attacking Pakistani posts but helicopters kept ring. His
comments, from a brieng to editors, were carried in local newspapers on
Wednesday that characterized the attack as blatant aggression. Detailed
information of the posts was already with ISAF [International Security
Assistance Force], including map references, and it was impossible that
they did not know these to be our posts, The News quoted Nadeem as
saying at the brieng held at army headquarters on Tuesday.
NATO helicopters and ghter jets attacked two military border posts
in northwest Pakistan on Saturday in the worst incident of its kind since Is-
lamabad allied itself with Washington in 2001 in the war on militancy. Fury
over the attack is growing, with another protest in the city of Lahore and
more tough editorials in newspapers. The helicopters appeared near the
post around 15 to 20 minutes past midnight, opened re, then left about 45
minutes later, Nadeem was quoted as saying. They reappeared at 0115 local
time and attacked again for another hour, he said. Nadeem said that, minutes
before the rst attack, a US sergeant on duty at a communications centre in
Afghanistan told a Pakistani major that NATO special forces were receiving
indirect re from a location 15 kilometers (9 miles) from the posts.
The Pakistanis said they needed time to check and asked for coordi-
nates. Seven minutes later, the sergeant called back and said your Vol-
cano post has been hit, Nadeem quoted the sergeant as saying. Nadeem
concluded that conrmed NATO knew the locations of the Pakistani posts
before attacking, said The News. The army released a video to the media
showing what it said were the Pakistani border posts -- rough construc-
tions of large stones, corrugated metal and canvas in isolated positions.
Filmed from a helicopter, it also showed foxholes and what ap-
peared to be a mortar emplacement surrounded by rocks.
The NATO attack shifted attention away from Pakistans widely ques-
tioned performance against militants who cross its border to attack US-led
NATO forces in Afghanistan, and has given the military a chance to reas-
sert itself. Islamabads decision to boycott next weeks meeting in Bonn will
deprive the talks of a key player that could nudge Taliban militants into a
peace process as NATO combat troops prepare to leave Afghanistan by the
end of 2014. US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said on Wednesday Paki-
stans decision was regrettable but hoped to secure Islamabads coopera-
tion in future. Nothing will be gained by turning our backs on mutually
benecial cooperation, Clinton told reporters in South Korea.
The army, which has ruled Pakistan for more than half of its his-
tory and sets security and foreign policy, faced strong criticism from
both the Pakistani public and its ally, the United States, after the raid
that killed Osama bin Laden. The al Qaeda leader had apparently been
living in a Pakistani garrison town for years before US Special Forces
found and killed him in a unilateral raid in May. Islamabad Reuters/AP
Pakistan claims NATO
attack blatant aggression
Islamabads decision to boycott next weeks meeting in Bonn will deprive the
talks of a key player that could nudge Taliban militants into a peace process as
NATO combat troops prepare to leave Afghanistan by the end of 2014

Pakistani students and teachers rally in Lahore on Wednesday against NATO strikes on Pakistani troops. Islamabad has withdrawn from an
international conference on stabilizing Afghanistan to protest the deadly attack by American forces that killed 24 of its troops on Saturday.
AnOccupy LosAngelessupporter isarrestedby LApoliceofficersinthecamp
at the Los Angeles City Hall. Police removed the protesters on Wednesday.
Police dismantle anti-Wall Streets LA camp, over 200 arrested
Police in riot gear and biohazard suits re-
moved anti-Wall Street activists from an
encampment outside the Los Angeles City Hall
on Wednesday, arresting dozens of people as
they enforced the mayors eviction order.
Los Angeles police said more than 200
people were arrested during the raid of the
encampment. Police Chief Charlie Beck said
at an early Wednesday news conference that
the arrests were mainly peaceful and there
were no injuries. He also said an initial search
of the camp turned up no drugs or weapons.
Busloads of police closed in on the 8-week-
old camp after midnight and declared the hun-
dreds of protesters congregated on the lawn,
sidewalks and streets around City Hall to be an
unlawful assembly, ordering them to disperse
or face arrest. The Los Angeles encampment,
which ofcials had tolerated for weeks even as
other cities moved in to clear out similar com-
pounds, was among the largest on the West
Coast aligned with a 2-month-old national Oc-
cupy Wall Street movement against economic
inequality and excesses of the US nancial sys-
tem. Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa had originally
welcomed the protesters, even supplying them
with ponchos for inclement weather. But as city
ofcials complained of crime, sanitation prob-
lems and property damage they blamed on the
camp, the mayor decided the group had to go.
He initially set an eviction deadline for one min-
ute after midnight on Monday, but city ofcials
held off on enforcing it for 48 hours in the hope
that protesters would drift away from the camp
on their own accord. The strategy appeared to
pay off. Except for some minor initial scufes, the
crowd remained boisterous but peaceful.
At least 20 protesters left the area as soon
as police moved in, carrying tents and other
belongings out of the camp. Later, a number of
others were escorted out by police after appar-
ently agreeing to walk away without resisting.
Ofcers then swept into the park, arrest-
ing those who refused to leave, dismantling
the camp and removing crates, boxes and
other debris. Tents were pulled down and
attened after police peeked inside each one
with a ashlight. Los Angeles Reuters/AP
The International Criminal Court (ICC)
charged former Ivory Coast President Lau-
rent Gbagbo with murder, rape, persecution
and inhuman acts Wednesday, crimes allegedly
committed as his backers fought brutal battles to
keep him in power after last years elections.
Gbagbo, 66, is the rst former head of
state taken into custody by the court since it
was established in 2002, although prosecu-
tors also have charged Sudanese President
Omar al-Bashir with genocide and Libyas
former leader, the late Muammar Gadda,
with crimes against humanity. Mr. Gbagbo
is brought to account for his individual re-
sponsibility in the attacks against civilians
committed by forces acting on his behalf,
Prosecutor Luis Moreno-Ocampo said in a
statement. Moreno-Ocampo stressed that
both sides of the political divide in Ivory Coast
committed crimes in the post-election chaos
and that his investigation was continuing.
That statement appearedaimedat countering
fears that Gbagbos arrest could further stoke ten-
sioninIvoryCoast, alsoknownbyitsFrenchname
Cote dIvoire, because it gives the appearance of
victors justice. Grave abuses were also commit-
ted by forces loyal to the countrys democratically
elected leader, Alassane Ouattara, who enlisted
the help of a former rebel group to force Gbagbo
fromofce. Reed Brody, of HumanRights Watch,
said Gbagbos indictment was only half the story
as victims of crimes by forces loyal to Ouattara
have so far gone unpunished. The Hague AP
US Vice President Joe Biden said on
Wednesday the US troop withdrawal
from Iraq by the end of the year opened a new
phase in relations between the two countries,
including a robust security partnership.
The remaining 13,000 US troops in Iraq are
scheduled to leave by the end of the year when
a bilateral security pact expires, nearly nine years
after the US invasion that ousted dictator Sad-
dam Hussein. We are embarking on a new...
and a comprehensive relationship between the
United States and Iraq as sovereign partners,
Biden said after meeting with Prime Minister
Nouri al-Maliki and other Iraqi ofcials.
Violence in Iraq has fallen sharply since
the height of the sectarian slaughter in 2006-
2007, and Maliki leads a fragile power-sharing
government that still struggles to balance the
interests of Shiite, Sunni and Kurdish political
blocs. US President Barack Obama announced
last month that US troops would come home
at the end of the year as scheduled after talks
to keep a small number of American soldiers
in Iraq as trainers fell apart over the issue of
immunity. US ofcials had asked for around
3,000 US troops to stay in Iraq, but Malikis
government did not have the political capital
to push any agreement on immunity through
parliament. Around 200 US trainers will be
attached to the embassys Ofce of Security
Cooperation in Iraq and 700 civilian trainers
will help Iraqi forces train on new US military
hardware they have purchased such as F-16
ghters and Abrams tanks. Baghdad Reuters
ICC: Gbagbo faces
charges of crimes
against humanity
Biden says US
pullout brings new
phase with Iraq
President Laurent Gbagbo
NOTE: Todays Zaman i ntends to provi de a l i vel y forum for expatri ates l i vi ng i n Turkey. We encourage you to contact us at voi and share your experi ences, questi ons and probl ems i n al l wal ks of l i fe for publ i cati on i n Todays Zaman.

DECEMBER 1, 2011
Headng for the ext
You know its time to go when you find yourself
with nothing good to say about a place. Thus spoke
a dear friend who had decided to take herself to live
in Grdes, near Manisa, for the winter.
And who can blame her really? Greme has
changed so much over the last few years, and few
of those changes can really be said to have made
it a better place in which to live. Take this past
August, for example. This was the timetable for
a typical night in a village that had once been so
quiet that you could hear the proverbial pin drop
after dark. At 1:30 a.m. the refuse collectors would
clatter past in their lorry, shouting jokes to each
other whenever they reached a bin. Then at 2:30
a.m. the Ramadan drummer would start his cir-
cuit of the neighborhood, waking up even those
whod hoped to continue sleeping. At 4 a.m.
would come the first call to prayer, followed, at 5
a.m., by the noise of jeeps racing down the hill to
take customers to their balloon flights. Simulta-
neously, we would hear the buzz of the balloons
inflating, followed by the roar of the burners as
they transited the sky. The flights stopped around
9 a.m., in good time for the tourists to make their
day trips. But when, amid all this cacophony,
were we supposed to get any sleep?
My friend had fallen for the leafy charms of
Grdes on a visit to an ex-hotelier who had sold
up in Greme and moved there a couple of years
earlier. Her departure had been some months in
the planning, and now the time had finally come
to turn it into reality. It was not entirely clear how
long the journey would take. What was clear,
though, was that it would involve moving not
just friend but her large dog, enough books and
furnishings to see her through the winter and a
large quantity of plants, not to mention a grand
total of 3,084 blue plastic bottle tops that she was
conveying to the ex-hotelier for recycling.
A team of us was signed up to help with packing
the minibus that would be used for the move. One
person was tasked with taking the dog for a walk lest
it grow nervous at the sight of so much unaccustomed
activity. Another waited in the van to ensure that best
use was made of the space available. That left three of
us to trot up and down stairs with the boxes.
Perhaps surprisingly, things ran like clockwork,
and in just over an hour the van was packed. That
evening a group of us went for dinner to say our
farewells to someone who has been a lynchpin of
our lives for more than a decade. We picked Top
Decks charming new restaurant, which remind-
ed us of that old, less-sophisticated Greme with
which we had originally fallen in love. The food was
great, the wine comforting, the conversation bois-
terous enough to prevent us becoming maudlin.
Later my friend texted through a message.
Guess whose clean underwear is all packed in
the van? it said. Well, there had to be some-
thing, didnt there? The journey to Grdes took 10
hours. Ive made a date to visit next March.
Pat Yale lives in a restored cave-house in Greme in
As readers of this page may remember,
about a year ago I raved about the op-
portunities for exhilarating entertain-
ment to be found in our little village. Besides air
rifles to shoot at tethered balloons and row boats
to rent, Eskihisar also boasts an actual treasure:
the Osman Hamdi Bey Museum. Needless to
say, in spite of all the must-sees on hand to
show visitors, our museum is the jewel in the
crown, and my husband and I have been there
many, many times. A short walk from the mu-
seum takes one to Osmans humble grave in
a little fenced-in rectangle in a cypress forest.
The whole Kocaeli Dead Celebrity series started
with an idea to do a little piece on more of Os-
man Beys background than is usually found in
museum catalogues.
Unfortunately, although I am sure there is a
good English language biography somewhere,
I havent been able to find it in all these years
in Turkey. Also unfortunately, the available
information (in English) online is fairly sparse
and contradictory as to dates and timing of
events. I can understand that when it comes
to ancient Dead Celebrities like St. Helena or
Hannibal Barca; the millennia that have en-
sued since their deaths are bad on paperwork
or even marble plinths. Osman Hamdi Bey, on
the other hand, is practically a contemporary
and so significant historically that one would
think that consistent facts would be out there
and easily retrieved. Fortunately, his life was
so productive, like all of Kocaelis Dead Celeb-
rities, that much of his lifes legacy is still out
there being enjoyed, so we can fill in a lot of the
gaps with personal observation.
Osmans father, brahim Edham Paa, had
a background that makes it less surprising that
his son accomplished so much in his own life-
time. brahim Paa was Greek, born on the
island of Chios. He was orphaned during an
uprising in 1821 at a young age and was either
adopted or abducted by a Turkish paa. I must
go with the adoption version because such was
the care and attention paid to young brahim
that he became one of the four Ottoman stu-
dents who were the first to be sent to Europe
to be educated, which was extremely radical
for the time. When he returned, he did so well
working for the sultan that he became grand vi-
zier, although for less than a year due no doubt
to political reasons. With brahims accomplish-
ments in mind, it is easy to imagine where the
young Osman, born in Kurueme, Istanbul, at
the very end of 1842, received his early love of
learning and his remarkably expansive world
view. In his fathers home, Osman also devel-
oped what was to be a lifelong loyalty to the
Ottoman Empire, which reflected brahims
character, although the sons personal life took
some unconventional turns.
Osman went to Paris to study as a very
young man, only 15, in 1857 to continue his
study of the law. (Some sources have him go-
ing later -- in 1860.) Having early shown an
artistic tendency, he was soon studying paint-
ing with Orientalist masters, most importantly
Gustave Boulanger and Jean-Lon Grme. I
like to think that maybe he helped out some of
the Parisian artists, many of whom had never
left France, on some details of their wildly ro-
mantic depictions of Ottoman life. He eventu-
ally gave up the study of law, with what reac-
tion from his accomplished father we can only
surmise; but the fact that no fewer than three of
Osmans paintings were exhibited at the fabu-
lous 1867 Paris Exhibition may have assuaged
any disappointment on brahims part. Osman
also, significantly, began taking archaeology
classes in Paris. He was there for the first Eu-
ropean visit by an Ottoman sultan, Abdulaziz
I, to the court of Emperor Napoleon III and
his elegant Spanish wife, Empress Eugenie;
one wonders if Osman would have caught a
glimpse of the imperial group at the Exposi-
tion. He also met while in Paris the discon-
tented Ottomans who called themselves the
Young Turks; while it seems he was friendly
enough with them, he never entered into any
of their plots, being ever loyal to the Ottoman
Empire and the sultan. Whether he was there
12 years or nine years, Osmans Paris sojourn
was clearly a productive time, both intellectu-
ally and culturally.
By all accounts, Paris is also where he met
his first wife, Marie, whom he either married
there or brought back to stanbul in 1869, but
marry her he did; they together produced two
little girls. Later, perhaps 10 years thence, the
marriage ended in divorce, and Osman mar-
ried again, to a woman named Naile, with
whom he had four more children. (I had al-
ways heard that he was married twice to two
Frenchwomen named Marie and that he had
no sons, but there are, allegedly, paintings of
his son, so I will let the reader decide which
sets of facts is the most believable.)
Interesting assignments
From 1869, when he returned from Paris ready
to begin his career, Osman Hamdi worked as a
civil servant for the empire. He had several in-
teresting assignments, including a long one to
Baghdad, where he appears to have developed
his fascination with archaeology. Ultimately, as
we all know, he was appointed as the director
of the Imperial Museum by Sultan Adulhamid
II in 1881, a position he held until 1910, the year
of his death. The museum he built and orga-
nized, now stanbuls Archaeological Museum,
is world-famous for its design and organization
as well as its exquisite contents. The fact that
Osman Hamdi Bey himself led several of the
projects that dug up many of the finest artifacts
on exhibit today, like the misnamed Alexander
Sarcophagus, makes his accomplishment even
more amazing. Between 1883 and 1895, he spon-
sored and directed digs at Pergamum, Mt. Nem-
rut, the royal necropolis at Sidon (in Lebanon,
where the Alexander Sarcophagus was found),
the temple at Lagina and more. He also pio-
neered new legislation making it illegal for for-
eigners to remove artifacts from Ottoman lands.
As if his life wasnt fulfilling enough, Osman
never stopped painting, and in 1882 he used his
new position to found and direct the first Ottoman
fine arts faculty, the Fine Arts School, now known
as the Mimar Sinan University of Fine Arts. He
is credited with being the first Turkish painter to
paint the human form; his training in Paris and his
own talent created paintings that are classics of
late-Ottoman story-telling (by a real Ottoman!).
He used his own face and that of his wife and
children in many of his paintings. Many critics as-
sign that practice to vanity on Osmans part, but
I think that perhaps it was rather that there was
no culture of artists models then; it was much
easier to use what was at hand, including family.
Together with his interesting and lively
people, it is the Ottoman architecture and
scenes of daily life his paintings depict that cre-
ate such a fascination for viewers. And, impor-
tantly for me, he painted many of his pictures
right here in our little village, in his home that
he kept here for many years, now the little mu-
seum I mentioned earlier. He also painted our
dear Gebze, in kinder, more rustic days. I just
learned from website that
a recent Osman acquisition by the University of
Pennsylvania, At the Mosque Door, contains
a representation of the inscription over Gebzes
own Mimar Sinan mosques entrance. I cant
wait to see it at the current Pera Museum ex-
hibit, Osman Hamdi Bey and the Americans.
Osman Hamdi Bey died in 1910 in stanbul,
but had chosen to be buried near his home in
Eskihisar. Although he wasnt born here and
didnt die here, he created here in Kocaeli. He is
one of our big local heroes, and his lovely little
museum, sadly under-attended, shows aspects
of him and his family life that are at odds with
the magnificence of the Archaeological Muse-
um, such as his unruly bamboo garden. If you
perchance come to visit and happen to spot me,
I will show you my lovely male garden tortoise,
named Osman; sadly, he is, unlike his name-
sakes painted Testudo graeca ibera, untrained.
*Elsie Alan lives in Gebze with her husband.
Osman Hamdi Bey went to Paris to study as a very young
man, only 15, in 1857, to continue his study of the law.
(Some sources have him going later, in 1860.) Having early
shown an artistic tendency, he was soon studying painting
with Orientalist masters, most importantly Gustave
Boulanger and Jean-Lon Grme
The Osman Hamdi Bey Museum in Eskihisar
Ottoman era
archaeologist and
artist Osman Hamdi Bey
T H U R S DAY, D E C E MB E R 1 , 2 0 1 1
aan Irmaks latest lm, Dedemin
nsanlar (My Grandfathers People), re-
leased in 490 theaters in Turkey last Friday, has
become the best received of the Turkish lm-
makers lms yet, with 164,500 people ocking
to cinemas throughout the country to see the
lm on its opening weekend.
Previously Irmaks most-watched lm was
Babam ve Olum (My Father and my Son), which
saw 35,101 lm buffs buy tickets on its opening
weekend, and 3,837,885 people watch it in total.
Evidently a hot topic of conversation, the
lm was listed on Twitters Trending Topic list, a
catalog of words, phrases or topics that are posted
(tweeted) multiple times on the social networking
service Twitter, on the night of its premiere. It has
consequently reappeared on the Trending Topic
list twice more following its release on Friday.
Inspired by Irmaks own childhood and fam-
ily history, Dedemin nsanlar focuses on the late
1970s and early 80s in Turkey whilst reliving per-
sonal memories of the 1924 population exchange
agreement between Turkey and Greece under the
Treaty of Lausanne that led to the emigration of
about 2 million Turks from Greece.
Starring etin Tekindor, Yiit zener, Du-
rukan elikkaya, Gke Bahadr, Sacide Taaner
and Hmeyra, Irmaks latest release, which follows
the story of 10-year-old Ozan and his grandfather
Mehmet Efendi -- whose family, originally from
Crete, was one of the rst to settle in the Aegean
town following the exchange ow, looks likely to
set new box ofce records as the lm continues to
attract sell-out crowds. stanbul Todays Zaman
Dedemin nsanlar
aan Irmaks
best opening yet
British singer-songwriter Elvis Costello
has told fans not to buy a pricey limited
edition box set of his music on sale next month,
recommending they purchase some Louis
Armstrong instead.
Costello, real name Declan MacManus, said in an
ofcial blog post that the online retail price for The
Return Of The Spectacular Spinning Songbook of
$202.66, or 212.99 pounds in Britain, appears to be
either a misprint or a satire.
If you want to buy something special for your
loved one at this time of seasonal giving, we suggest,
Ambassador Of Jazz -- a cute little imitation suitcase
containing 10 re-mastered albums by one of the most
beautiful and loving revolutionaries who ever lived --
Louis Armstrong. The music, he added, was vastly
superior, and cost less than $150.
While Costellos comments may embarrass his
record label, they have also generated considerable
publicity for the super deluxe edition, which is
available from Dec. 6. The 57-year-old pointed out
that the same music would be available in the New
Year at more affordable prices, and took the opportu-
nity to plug his live appearances in the United States
and Europe next year. London Reuters
Turkish lm director Yksel Aksus new
comedy Entelky Efekye Kar (En-
telky vs. Efeky) will open this years Festival on
Wheels with a gala screening on Thursday eve-
ning in the Turkish capital.
Entelky Efekye Kar, which premiered
at a glitzy stanbul gala Tuesday night at the Hali
Congress Center on the shores of the Golden
Horn, will unroll Ankaras weeklong cinematic
extravaganza. The festival is marking its 17th edi-
tion this year from Dec. 2 through Dec. 18 with
stints in three Turkish cities.
Writer-director Aksu and the movies entire
cast, including the locals from the village that
hosted the lms shooting, were present at Tues-
day nights packed stanbul gala, which ended
with lengthy applause and cheers from the audi-
ence, which also included numerous celebrities as
well as members of the press.
Aksu and leading cast members, including
Aye Bosse, ahin Irmak and Emin Grsoy, will
also be present at Thursdays Ankara gala, the
festivals organizers announced in a written state-
ment on Wednesday.
In Entelky Efekye Kar, Aksu tells with his
witty style the story of a group of ecological activists,
who relocate to an Aegean village near the south-
western town of Milas to start an ecological village,
and their ght with the village head and locals to stop
a thermal power plant from being built in the region.
The 17th Festival on Wheels, organized by the
Ankara Cinema Association (ASD), will open on
Friday in Ankara, where it will run until Dec. 8 with
screenings at the Kzlay Byl Fener Theater and
the Goethe-Institut. The festival will then travel to
the Black Sea city of Sinop, from Dec. 9-12, and
later to western Turkey for a ve-day stint in zmir
from Dec. 14-18. stanbul Todays Zaman
The New York Film Critics Circle on Tues-
day named silent lm The Artist the best
movie of the year, and gave its top acting honors
to Meryl Streep and Brad Pitt.
Michel Hazanavicius won best director for The
Artist, a black-and-white lm about Hollywoods
transition from silent lms to talkies in the late 1920s
and the toll it takes on one actors life. In the romantic
drama, a couple played by Jean Dujardin and Berenice
Bejo nd themselves on opposite sides of a career arc
-- his descending as her star begins to shine.
The lm began to generate buzz at festivals
earlier this year and received strong reviews. With
Tuesdays important, early win from the New York
lm critics, The Artist positions itself as a key com-
petitor in the race for this years Academy Awards,
the lm worlds highest honors which are handed
out in February. The Artist, along with the apoca-
lyptic tale Take Shelter, also led the Independent
Spirit Award nominations on Tuesday, earning nods
for best feature, director and for acting.
Streep won the New York critics best actress award
for her portrayal of British Prime Minister Margaret
Thatcher in The Iron Lady, while Pitt was cited for his
performances in two lms, sports drama Moneyball
and drama The Tree of Life. It was Streeps fourth
best actress win from the critics group and Pitts rst.
Jessica Chastain was named best supporting ac-
tress for her performances in three lms, The Tree of
Life, The Help and Take Shelter. Veteran actor
Albert Brooks won best supporting actor for his turn
as a smalltime mobster in the thriller Drive.
The best screenplay award went to Moneyballs
Steven Zaillian and Aaron Sorkin.
Its a nice lineup with some surprises, the groups
chairman, critic John Anderson, said of the winners.
He noted that while most categories required many
ballots, there was also no rancor. He called the group
hardly a unied mass, but told Reuters the choice of
The Artist made sense. Its a lm about lm, so it
would appeal to the critical sensibility. Its a movie that
celebrates movies. But its also well done, Anderson
added. And its upbeat, joyful, and just hard to resist.
The group shunned some presumed Oscar con-
tenders such as The Descendants and Begin-
ners, though Anderson noted the former lm had
some strong support.
Awards from critics groups and other industry
panels often inuence which lms, performers and
movie makers will compete for Oscars.
The New York critics groups pick for best non-c-
tion, or documentary, lm went to Cave of Forgotten
Dreams, Werner Herzogs 3D movie about a cave in
southern France. The critics named Irans A Separa-
tion, about a couple struggling with the decision about
whether or not to leave their home country, as the
years best foreign language lm. Best cinematography
went to Emmanuel Lubezki for The Tree of Life and
best rst feature to Margin Call. New York Reuters
Singer Elvis Costello
says buy Louis
Armstrong, not me
Entelky Efekye
Kar to open 17th
Festival on Wheels
NY critics pick The Artist best film as Oscar buzz builds
Downtempo and acid jazz music duo dZihan &
Kamien are set for a live performance this week-
end at stanbuls Babylon Club. Formed by Histo-
ryVlado dZihan and Mario Kamien, the Vienna-
based duo, whose sound is described as having
a jazzy texture, trip-hop rhythms and Eastern
ambience, released its last album, Lost and
Found, in 2010. dZihan &Kamien will present
an eclectic set of songs fromtheir albums in their
Babylon gig, set for Dec. 3at 11:30p.m. Ticket
price: TL 33.5(
Duo dZihan & Kamien set
for Babylon performance
Jazz singer Yldz brahimova released her eagerly
anticipated newstudio album, Balkanatolia II,
this week via the label Kalan Music. The 14-track
album, originally planned for an autumn 2010
release, comes six years after brahimovas
2005CDBalkanatolia, in which she fused Bal-
kan and Anatolian folksongs with jazz. Subtitled
Rumelia Folk Songs FromMy Mother, the new
CDcomprises brahimovas reinterpretations of
well-known Thracian folksongs and also includes
Orient X Press, written by the singer.
Yldz brahimova releases
second Balkanatolia CD
Artist Leyla Gediz presents her newest collection
of works in a solo exhibition currently on display
at Rampa Gallery in stanbuls Akaretler quarter.
In Coming Soon, Gediz tackles psychological,
social and developmental questions through
her paintings, mostly designed in the formof
series. The collection, which the artist says she
produced in response to her own generations
haste and fluster to build a future and be adults,
is on viewuntil Jan. 7, 2012, at Rampa. Visiting
hours: 11a.m.-7p.m. Tuesday through Saturday.
Leyla Gedizs new show
Coming Soon at Rampa
Hnkar Uur, known for his blend of jazz and
bossa nova with world music, will be at the DJ
booth on Saturday at 3p.m. at stanbuls Tami-
rane club as part of the venues weekly Morning
Indie Sessions. His set will be followed on Sun-
day by the clubs Morning Jazz Sessions, which
will host the YeimPekiner Quintet. With Pekiner
on vocals, Emre Tukur on keyboard, Baran Say on
bass, Yahya Dai on saxophone and Tolgay Ylmaz
on drums, the quintet will present jazz standards
in their gig, also set to start at 3p.m.
Hnkar Uur, Pekiner
Quintet to play Tamirane
The Artist
Yeim Pekiner
In light of the ongoing
struggle to address the hu-
man rights violations plagu-
ing Turkish society, it goes without
saying that any event seeking to
arouse a public conscience and pro-
mote a stronger human rights cul-
ture in Turkey should be very much
on the agenda. Launched in 2009 as
a side event of the DOCUMENTA-
RIST stanbul Documentary Days,
the Which Human Rights? docu-
mentary festival is one such event.
This year, the ve-day festival,
which is arguably of more pertinence
than ever in view of the continued
failure to confront the domestic vio-
lence issue at large in Turkish society,
gets under way on Dec. 6 at three
Beyolu-based venues; contempo-
rary art space SALT Beyolu, the
Dutch Chapel and the renovated
tobacco warehouse in Tophane.
Forty documentaries from
both new and established lmmak-
ers hailing from Peru to Pakistan,
Palestine to Colombia and the US
to Afghanistan, will be screened
throughout the festival period, which
it is hoped will create a platform for
individuals on both sides of the lens
to remind audiences that personal
commitment can make a difference.
The festival will also present a pro-
gram of workshops, Q&A sessions
and panel discussions featuring
prominent human rights activists in
Turkey today.
With this years theme as chil-
drens rights, the festival program, as
rich in artistic merit as it is in content,
places a strong focus on awakening
a conscience around the plight of
children all of over the world. Fifteen
animated lms and documentaries
ranging in focus from the plight of
child soldiers in Uganda to the crip-
pling gender inequalities in Afghani-
stan and the harsh reality of life in
poverty-stricken slums in India will
be presented in a separate category
titled Children and their Rights.
An exciting inclusion in the pro-
gram is the late Turkish lmmaker
Sha Arns short documentary
Tahtac Fatma (Fatma of the For-
est), a classic lm telling the story of
the life and dreams of a 12-year-old
girl, Fatma, which will be screened
for the rst time in many years. Oth-
er lms to be included in the catego-
ry are Gemma Atwals Marathon
Boy, telling the tale of a young slum
child who shows an exceptional tal-
ent for long-distance running, Tilde
De Wandels Samouni Street, an
animation in which four children of
the extended Samouni family, who
lost 29 members during the Israeli
Operation Cast Lead attack on Gaza
during the winter of 2008-2009, re-
late their tale, and Jairo Eduardo Car-
rillos animation feature Little Voic-
es recounting the true story of four
Colombian children displaced by the
countrys ongoing armed conict.
The Dutch production Just
Kids, a series of six short lms
from the Netherlands, Hungary,
Italy, Greece and Turkey, will also
be screened at the festival, the rst
time Turkish audiences will have
the opportunity to see the series. In
addition to the focus on children on
the big screen, a series of lm work-
shops for children, where young
participants will have the exciting
opportunity to try their hand at short
lm making will also run as part of
the program with the end product of
the workshops being screened at the
close of the festival period.
The category A Matter of Act
-- Portraits of Human Rights Activ-
ists, a collaboration with the annual
Dutch lm festival Movies That Mat-
ter, organized annually by Amnesty
International in The Hague, will see
four lms, including Deepa Bahtias
Neros Guests and Julia Bachas
Budrus, screened at the festival.
The ongoing discussions on the
Arab Spring will also feature on the
program agenda with the category
The Poles of the Arab Awakening,
presenting two critically acclaimed
documentaries: Tunisian lmmaker
and political activist Nadia El Fanis
Secularism, InchaAllah (Secular-
ism God Willing), a documentary
which El Fani began shooting three
months before the Tunisian revolu-
tion, and May Ying Welshs Bah-
rain: Shouting in the Dark, which
depicts the uphill struggle faced by
Bahraini society as its people strive to
make their voices heard in the con-
tinued chaos of the Arab uprisings.
Other categories in the program
include International Panorama,
Animated Documentaries and
Turkey: Which Human Rights?.
All lm screenings and activities
featured in the program are free of
admission, for more information see
The ve-day festival
opens on Dec. 6
at three Beyolu-
based venues;
contemporary art
space SALT Beyolu,
the Dutch Chapel
and the old tobacco
warehouse in
Tahtac Fatma
Dastan etinkaya
Thnk tank cafe

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T H U R S D AY, D E C E MB E R 1 , 2 0 1 1
Despite losing over two dozen troops
to trigger-happy Americans, the Pak-
istanis are truly in a festive mood. United
and relieved, to say the least! The burden
of a forced marriage is offloaded and, once
again, the sanction-hardened nation is
ready to pay the price of defiance. Similar
was the atmosphere after 1998 tit-for-tat
nuclear tests aimed to snub a jeering east-
ern neighbor. Now the Western side spills
patriotism and dignity amongst 188 mil-
lion citizens of Pakistan -- literally mean-
ing Land of the Pure. Call it the Green
Spring if you will. Across the mighty At-
lantic, a Nobel Peace laureate acts deaf
and blind in the cozy confines of the White
House. This time around, Commander-
in-Chief Barack Obamas pilots eliminated
the soldiers of a friendly army instead of
the usual, his Florida-operated drones re-
leasing Hellfire missiles on suspected resi-
dents of mud huts in Godforsaken lands
along the Pak-Afghan border.
Consumed by eurozone woes, Chan-
cellor Angela Merkel felt the tremors of an
earthquake when Pakistan refused to at-
tend the much-hyped Bonn Conference
on Afghanistan. With alleged trouble-
maker Pakistan opting out, the high-pro-
fileevent remains reducedtoamonologue.
The German chancellor felt very, very
sorry about Pakistans decision but uttered
no words of condolence for victims from
the Westerntool of proxy wars.
Turkeys Ahmet Davutolu touched
Pakistani hearts, as the loss of a Pakistani
soldier to him is equal to that of a Turk.
Beijing followed suit, while Moscow and
Tehran stepped forward for political gain.
The over-confident United Arab Emirates
rushed its foreign minister to Islamabad,
not in solidarity with the victims but for
the sake of the so far apparent aggressor.
The United States thought Emirati influ-
ence would force Pakistan to reverse its
decision to vacate the vital Shamsi Airbase
in Balochistan province, where it main-
tains deadline unmanned aerial vehicles
(UAVs). The Gulf received a rare snub for
acting as the proxies of a superpower.
To many, Islamabads drift to the
Shanghai Cooperation Organization
sounds more logical to analysts. Sud-
denly, ever-present India became ir-
relevant and went missing with total
radio silence. Afghan President Hamid
Karzai, who had hastened to accuse
Pakistan for Professor Burhanud-
din Rabbanis murder in the secure
districts of Kabul, offered no apology
but telephonic condolences. For him,
NATO action was no provocation or
violation of sovereignty and law. He
knew Pakistan would not reconsider
boycotting the Bonn conference but he
said a word or two to his counterpart
over the phone for the sake of head-
lines. Saudis may have some cards
up their sleeves to cool off some of
the Pakistani government and mili-
tarys anger. However, with the Arab
Spring blossoming all over West Asia
and North Africa, Riyadh wont back
Washington as openly as it did after
American private spy Raymond Davis
claimed three Pakistani lives in broad
daylight in Lahore last year.
For the Pakistani nation, friends and
foes are exposed. When more vulner-
able, the Pakistani people stand firm and
explicit. Back-to-back incidents exposing
US bullying of Pakistan brought to the fore
unimagined levels of deterioration in rela-
tions. Some believe that the US-Pakistan
cold war has heated up with the spilled
blood of two dozen soldiers. Though pro-
testers placards read condemnation of
NATO, for them it is a gang of hired sol-
diers to wage proxy wars for Washington.
Not all in Pakistan are content with
the worsening state of relations with the
United States. President Asif Zardari,
Benazir Bhuttos widower, may eventu-
ally pay a huge political cost for continu-
ing Musharraf-era pro-America policies.
For a change, Pakistans Green Spring is
steered by its Mr. Do-it -- Imran Khan --
whose Justice Movement promises res-
toration of sovereignty and elimination
of corruption. Washington has suffered
serious blows from the Pakistani equiva-
lent of the Justice and Development Party
(AKP) with its sit-ins and marches against
the NATO supply line and endless drone
strikes in tribal regions of the country.
Nonetheless, the US-led attack on
Mohmand border posts strengthens the
armed forces say in the Pakistani deep
state or establishment. Thoughthe military
has brought someunforgivableembarrass-
ments, including failure to capture Osama
bin Laden in Abbotabad and to obstruct
US intrusion deep inside the country, the
generals ride the tide of anti-Americanism
resulting from the deaths of 72 Pakistanis
in eight NATOattacks over the past three
years. With unprecedented insecurity
along the western border, the Pakistani
armed forces are mightier than the elected
but allegedly corrupt government.
The NATOsupplies may be interrupt-
ed until a reliable mediator convinces the
Pakistani troops that there will be nofuture
provocation. Over the last decade, keeping
soldiers morale high in the terror-stricken
regionhas beena toughchallenge. Despite
venting their anger and depression, the
soldiers keep up the pressure on generals
for a more fitting answer to alien intrud-
ers. For all practical purposes, the Pakistani
civilian and military elite seek newrules of
engagement for joining NATO, eliminat-
ing extremism from Afghanistan and ne-
gotiating its peaceful political transition.
The damage being irreparable, the
most recent low in Pakistan-US relations
would take its toll on cooperation against
terrorism. Pakistans humiliation, despite
36,000 human sacrifices, may even im-
pinge on Obamas Afghanistan exit plans.
The Karachi port is inevitable too as the
Central Asian NATO supply route is not
only more expensive but also vulnerable to
Islamist attacks. For better or worse, Wash-
ington would have to extend an apology
from the topmost level besides revisiting
terms of engagement withIslamabad.
For a bitter Pakistan and desperate
Afghanistan, there are hardly a few av-
enues leading to mutual coexistence and
peace. The successful stanbul conference
that brought Islamabad and Kabul to the
table offers a much-needed glimmer of
hope. Turkey would have to take greater
ownership of Afghanistans transition
before and after allied troops draw-
down. On questions of sovereignty and
accountability, the Pakistani public has
already taken the Turkish route.
*Naveed Ahmad is an investigative journalist
andacademic, withspecial focus ondiplomacy,
security and governance. He can be reached at and @naveed360
Frendshp, by
way of decepton!
A recent report by the Center for American
Progress titled Fear, Inc.: The Roots of the
Islamophobia Network in America exposed a
network of a small group spending millions of dollars to
spread hate against Muslims and Islam in the United
States. With the efforts of this network and some radical
elements in American society, there is an increasingly
negative approach to Muslims in the US.
In this public crusade, marginal conservative
groups lead the way. During an election season, these
marginal groups play an important role and affect the
rhetoric of politicians. Republican candidates in partic-
ular seem to be affected the most. For instance,
Herman Cain stated in an interview in March that he
will not appoint any Muslims in his cabinet if he
were elected president. Although four months later he
apologized, later in a recent interview Cain claimed
that a majority of Muslims share the extremist views.
In March, Republican Congressman Peter King
(R-NY), chairman of the House Homeland Security
Committee, scheduled hearings on The Extent of
Radicalization in the American Muslim Community and
that Communitys Response, and he invited so-called
experts from the Islamophobia network to testify.
Representative Kings efforts raised criticism for indulg-
ing an Islamophobic fixation and casting collective guilt
and aspersions on the entire Muslim American communi-
ty. King is also known for his anti-Muslim statements.
As recently as last Veterans Day, Republican State
Representative Rick Womick from Tennessee, a local
politician from Murfreesboro, stated in a meeting with a
small local group of around 150 people that the US can-
not have Muslims in the military because it cannot trust
them. He also said that if they are devout Muslims and
follow the Quran and the Sunnah, then I feel threatened
because they are commanded to kill me.
Anti-Muslim rhetoric pleases a small number of
marginal motivated populations in the Republican
Party. However, it has a downside, too. Although,
American politics is less based on party affiliations com-
pared to European politics, parties still do matter.
When Muslim Americans see anti-Muslim rhetoric
voiced mainly by Republican circles, they usually inter-
pret this as there being an overarching anti-Muslim pol-
icy in the Republican Party. However, it would be a
mistake to assume that this has been the case. Starting
with former President George W. Bush, even right after
9/11, high-ranking members of the Republican Party
stood against anti-Muslim sentiments. During his presi-
dency, President Bush visited mosques and denounced
prejudice against Muslim Americans. In his statements,
Bush always made a distinction between a small group
of radical extremists and the general peaceful popula-
tion. In 2002, President Bush said: All Americans must
recognize that the face of terror is not the true faith --
face of Islam. Islam is a faith that brings comfort to a bil-
lion people around the world. Its a faith that has made
brothers and sisters of every race. Its a faith based upon
love, not hate. In a visit to the Washington Islamic
Center in 2007, he even encouraged Americans to help
Muslims rescue Islam. He said, We must help millions
of Muslims as they rescue a proud and historic religion
from murderers and beheaders who seek to soil the
name of Islam. However, currently, such voices from
the Republican Party are absent.
Muslims closer to Republicans
on social issues
American Muslims are generally traditional, and conser-
vative on social issues. They would stand closer to
Republicans than Democrats on issues such as homosex-
uality, same-sex marriage, abortion and free enterprise.
Although Muslim Americans are also mainly first or sec-
ond-generation immigrants and a minority, they do not
represent a minority demographic. They are mainly mid-
dle-class professionals or small business owners.
According to polls conducted after the 2000 presidential
election, close to 80 percent of American Muslims voted for
Republicancandidate George W. Bush.
The Council on American-Islamic Relations (CAIR) es-
timates the total population of Muslims in America at 7 mil-
lion. However, according to the Pew Research Center, in
2010 the total population of Muslims in America was 2.6
million. This huge difference between numbers might be
due to citizenship. On the other hand, more and more
Muslims are becoming citizens, and more people are con-
verting to Islam. Therefore, an increasing number of
Muslims are becoming eligible to vote inthe United States.
Although their number is increasing, this big number of
voters is not yet organized politically, and not many
Muslims are participating in political races. In 2006, Keith
Ellison (D-Minnesota) became the first Muslimto be elected
to the US Congress. In 2008, Andr D. Carson (D-Indiana)
joined Ellison and became the second Muslim congress-
man. Across the United States, dozens of Muslims are ac-
tively engaging in the American political process, running
for elected office. At the local level especially, the number of
Muslims in political office is increasing; examples include a
mayor in New Jersey, and state representatives in North
Carolina, New Hampshire, Iowa, Maryland and Missouri.
Although there are some Republicans, most of these politi-
cians are running for office under the Democratic Party.
American Muslims come from very different ethnic
and cultural backgrounds, but anti-Muslim rhetoric in
the American press and the political sphere unites them.
Although there are non-Muslim political office holders
who defend Muslims against bigotry, it is natural that
some Muslim political leadership will arise in the popula-
tion and align with a party and defend Muslims against
anti-Muslim sentiment. There are also signs of this.
During a hearing into the possible radicalization of
Muslims in America, sponsored by Republican Rep. Peter
King of New York, Congressman Ellison stated that
weve seen the consequences of anti-Muslim hate, and
encouraged other Muslims to engage in civics.
This anti-Muslim rhetoric coming from marginal
Republican circles, and a lack of balancing voices in the
party, will eventually push Muslim voters to the
Democratic Party. New Muslim political leadership will
align itself with the Democratic Party, which is already
taking place. If the anti-Muslim sentiments continue or
even increase, new Muslim voters will be politically active,
and will engage in elections more than usual. Due to a
lack of turnout in American elections, this politically moti-
vated population will become even more important.
Therefore, even the American politicians are less con-
cerned with their partys overall success and focus on their
personal seats; they will also be affected by this transforma-
tion. Anti-Muslim rhetoric stemming from marginal circles
in the Republican Party, first, motivates these new-coming
voters to become politically active, and second, pushes them
to align with the Democratic Party. In other words, these
radical circles within the Republican Party push a conserva-
tive population to vote for the Democratic Party.
Considering the increasing number of Muslims in America,
and assuming that they would become more politically in-
volved, these anti-Muslimsentiments may considerably af-
fect the future of elections inthe United States.
*Doan Ko is a political researcher and holds a Ph.D.
in political science.



When Muslim Americans
see anti-Muslim rhetoric
voiced mainly by Republican
circles, they usually interpret
this as there being an
overarching anti-Muslim
policy in the Republican
Party. However, it would
be a mistake to assume that
this has been the case
Protesters march in the Rally Against War, Racism & Islamophobia to mark the 10th anniversary of the 9/11
attacks on the World Trade Center in New York on Sept. 11, 2011.
I rst noticed the term in some columns in Turkish dailies, then last
month when I was in Pakistan, where 20 percent of the population
is Shiite, I became convinced that using the term Iranophobia
could be an effective counterattack in defending Irans unconven-
tional but perfectly rational foreign policy. This is a good trick, so
whenever my wife verbally attacks me when I prefer -- as a com-
puter addict -- to focus on my laptop instead of our 2-year-old son,
allowing him to eat all the chocolate we have in the kitchen, I will
counterattack by claiming that my wife has chronic hsanophobia.
Nevertheless, I am not sure if this will work with my wife, who is
surely not an idiot. Neither are most who are critical of Iran.
I reminded my Pakistani audience that in international rela-
tions every actor bombastically and proudly asserts that only the
national interests count. In such a climate, it is futile to expect Ira-
nians or any other nation to give precedence to the religious factor
and base their international politics on an Islamic spirit and broth-
erhood. That is an objective observation and not one that I am fully
in favor of. Iran has sided with Armenia against Azerbaijan, which
is a Muslim nation, which Armenia is not. Given that 16 percent
of Irans population is Azeri, this is understandable but shows that
religion does not count. The Iranians miserable and heartbreak-
ing support of Syria, despite the fact that the Bashar al-Assad re-
gime continues to kill innocent civilians, is a very telling case in
point. Irans inuence in this regard is also conspicuous in the Arab
League, where only Shiite-dominated Iraq and Lebanon refused to
impose sanctions on the ruthless and bloody Syrian regime.
What motivated me to write todays column on Iran is the most
recent attack on the British Embassy in Tehran. I think it was last
week that some Iranian ofcial warned that Iranian youth might
attack the British Embassy. Knowing that they attacked the Ameri-
can Embassy after the revolution and created havoc, I knew that this
was ofcially, clearly threatening the British. I remember saying to
myself that if this were a sincere warning, this ofcial would take
extra measures to protect the embassy, instead of saying it in public.
Call me a nave idiot, but I believe protecting embassies is part
of a nations honor. I do not see any difference between protecting
your own wifes honor and protecting civilians who are entrusted
to you by their governments. It is true that some Iranian police
tried to protect the embassy but, I am sorry, I do not buy it. At
the very least, Iranians could protect their honor and dignity. Well,
am I surprised? As an Iranophobe, I am not. However, I bet, sev-
eral of our good old Turkish politicians and their mouthpieces in
the media who kept blaming us for being Iranophobic are surely
surprised now, if they were not already surprised by the Iranian
generals recent threat that they might attack Turkey.
When we write such things, our Iranophile politicians and
their supporters claim that we want war with Iran, inadvertently
reminding us of their Islamist past when they could only think in
terms of dichotomies and binary oppositions. Come on, is there
not a position between enthusiastically and blindly advocating
Iran and staging a war against it? For instance, why cant our rela-
tions with Iran be similar to our relations with Russia, purely based
on rational choices and not some emotional and irrational utopia
that presumably has the residue of Islamist remnants.
T H U R S D AY, D E C E MB E R 1 , 2 0 1 1
Our daily language is more and more tainted with Eurocynicism, the
advanced version of Euroskepticism. Chatter of a miserable Europe
or the sick man of Europe (understand Europe itself) that we like
very much as a nation is uttered by so many, stretching from politicians
to the man on the street. A mood that was fueled by the president
when he declared to Turkish journalists during a state visit to Britain,
It will be a half-country leading a miserable union, referring to Cy-
prus. The raison dtre of this new national enthusiasm is the outburst
of Turkish over-condence as much as the eurozone crisis.
The mood is, however, problematic both morally and politically. It
is problematic to the extent that it hits back at the hostile language and
discriminatory policies some politicians in Europe use against Turkey
simply because taking advantage of the weakness of whoever is in a tight
spot is an archaic approach in such a globalized world. Thereby, being
pleased with the worlds biggest economic crisis means you are unaware
of its impact on your economy. That isnt a smart approach. Ministers Ali
Babacan and Mehmet imek have been pointing to the consequences
of our major business partners slowdown on Turkey. The facts are out
there: The EU region is our number one trade partner and our number
one source of foreign direct investment (FDI). In the event that Europe
as much as sneezes, Turkey would get sick. The rst indicators of a slow-
down are already here. Of course, the only cause isnt just Europes situ-
ation. Turkey itself, which hasnt launched any serious reforms on taxes,
employment policies, education and R&D, as well as being unable to
solve the Kurdish conict that has wasted huge amounts of resources,
has a large share in the downturn. And here lies the irony: All these
structural problems have been largely solved in the Europe we turn up
our noses at. In short, healthy Turkish banks, skyrocketing domestic con-
sumption and a building frenzy arent enough to justify Eurocynicism.
If the criteria are human and social welfare as well as the con-
servation of nature, then Turkey does not put forth a performance
wherein it can compete with Europe. Turkeys international rankings,
which I looked at a few weeks ago, conrm this observation. More
recently a Turkish judge at the European Court of Human Rights
(ECtHR), Il Karaka, reminded us that in terms of long detention
periods along with freedom of expression and press, Turkey came out
worst in Europe. For those who are still not convinced, the ongoing
deadly chaos since the earthquake in Van or the unending clumsiness
in dealing with the Kurdish conict can be recalled.
While we make fun of European countries, lets not make fun of Eu-
ropean principles because we have badly needed them for a long time.
Lets for instance consider the transparency and accountabil-
ity in military expenditures. Financial control of the military is a
complex issue and a vital condition of democracy. There is no ideal
model, but in democratic countries various institutions keep internal
and external audits as strict as possible; this occurs particularly in
the courts of accounts, the internal control mechanisms of defense
ministries, parliaments and national and supranational NGOs.
Moreover some countries have developed mechanisms to mutually
control security expenditures like Argentina and Chile.
According to the new Turkish Court of Accounts legislation, military
procurements, military estate, properties and expenditures are going to
be audited, but audit reports will be kept secret for security reasons. The
Council of Ministers, based on the views of the General Staff, the Minis-
try of Defense and the Interior Ministry as well as the Court of Accounts,
was to decide on a regulation on the public disclosure of audit reports.
The principle of condentiality exists elsewhere; however,
this concerns weapon development projects, not spending. And
in no democratic country does the General Staff have a part in
controlling military expenditures.
The actual danger for Turkey would be for the military to keep
its relative autonomy as a result of a kind of gentlemans agreement
with the government. It looked as though the armys new autonomy,
free from the interference of politics, would be consolidated by means
of judicial and economic privileges. And this foresight is actually be-
coming real now. According to a story in the Taraf daily, the above-
mentioned regulation has been drafted by experts at the Court of Ac-
counts and submitted to the top management of the court. But the
nance department at the Ministry of Defense apparently put pressure
on those drafting the regulation during the drafting of the regulation
and afterwards. Finally the draft has been reduced so much that it will
hardly be able to control the kitchen expenses of the army.
If the draft regulation is accepted by the Council of Ministers, -
nancial autonomy of the army will have a stronger base and its opacity,
rather than its transparency, will be strengthened. Speaking of trans-
parency, it is not possible to see an auditing mechanism wherein con-
dentiality is served up in the Europe that is being ridiculed.
Dear Presdent,
please return ths
shameful bll to
Turkish Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutolu has listed
nine points as part of sanctions targeting Syria until
the Bashar al-Assad regime is gone. While the world
increasingly monitors what is going on in Syria, and
for that matter what Iran would do, Turkey has taken a
critical step toward establishing a strategic alliance with
one of the Middle Easts most important players, Egypt.
A month ago, Davutolu gave an interview to The
New York Times and predicted a partnership between
Turkey and Egypt, two of the regions militarily stron-
gest, most populous and inuential countries, which
he said could create a new axis of power at a time
when American inuence in the Middle East seems
to be diminishing. This is what we want, Davutolu
told The New York Times.
This will not be an axis against any other coun-
try -- not Israel, not Iran, not any other country, but
this will be an axis of democracy, real democracy,
he said, adding, This will be an axis of democracy of
the two biggest nations in our region, from the north
to the south, from the Black Sea down to the Nile
Valley in Sudan.
For the regional balance of power, we want to
have a strong, very strong Egypt. Some people may
think Egypt and Turkey are competing. No. This is
our strategic decision. We want a strong Egypt now,
he continued.
It seems that Turkey has determined its foreign
policy priority to establish better relations with Egypt.
Although some critics think that Egypt is a potential
competitor in the Middle East because it considers it-
self as the gateway to the Arab world, Turkey thinks
that there is potential for Turkey and Egypt to coop-
erate. Davutolu has visited the Egyptian capital ve
times since Mr. Mubarak was overthrown in February.
In addition, Turkish President Abdullah Gl paid a visit
to Egypt as the rst president to visit the country after
the revolution. In addition, Turkish Prime Minister Re-
cep Tayyip Erdoan also visited Egypt and emphasized
a free and democratic Egypt. When Erdoan visited
Egypt a columnist in the Egyptian Al Wafd daily wrote,
Lend us Erdoan for a month! which illustrates his
popularity in the country.
Turkey promotes democracy in Egypt and thinks
that a democratic Egypt would play an even greater
role in the region. Therefore Turkish authorities do not
consider Egypt as a competitor; rather, they see bet-
ter coordination with regional affairs. While Turkey has
increased its attention on developing better relations
with Egypt, the question is whether or not a Turkish-
Egyptian alliance would negatively affect Israel.
In this regard, we need to look at what Turkish
ofcials think about Israel and Turkeys promotion of
democracy in the region. brahim Kaln, chief foreign
policy adviser to the prime minister and a student of
Davutolu, thinks there will be a new history in the
Middle East, and everyone, including the US, Israel
and others will have to readjust themselves. What is
ironic is that those who claim to be promoters of de-
mocracy in the Arab and Muslim world appear to be
concerned about the democratic transition in Egypt.
Israeli ofcials and pundits do not even bother to hide
their concern and even anger. They dont care how the
Egyptians will establish the institutions of democracy
and move their country out of its current apathy and
poverty. All they care about is Israels security. Per-
haps this is something normal. Israel will look after its
own security concerns, and no one should blame it for
that. But it is a historic mistake to project a regional
order in the Middle East solely on the basis of Israels
awed security outlook and expansionist policies. Isra-
el claims to be the only democracy in the Middle East,
but fears transition to democracy in Egypt.
This is how the Turkish side thinks about the part-
nership. For Egypt there are many unknowns, starting
from the future of democracy to the militarys role and
the future of the revolution. Yet, its worth paying at-
tention to this angel of Middle East politics, as it has the
potential to bring a new dynamism to regional politics.
No Comment
A shameful act has been performed in front of us for the last ve
months; this is a historic situation. The stage is Parliament.
I am talking about the anti-match-xing bill.
When the bill was passed in Parliament in its original form
eight months ago, the match-xing operation was not in place,
and the administrators of our leading soccer clubs did not object
to the bill probably because they concluded that the sanctions and
sentences envisaged in that bill would not apply to them anyway.
And the people extended full support to this piece of legislation in
the hope that violence would be eliminated in the soccer business.
However, that legislation introduced a new legal frame-
work in which club administrators who xed soccer matches
and relied on coercive measures to this end would be sen-
tenced to 12 years in prison, rather than punishing those who
cursed the referee or destroyed the stands.
Three months after the adoption of the bill, stanbul Pros-
ecutor Mehmet Berk initiated a series of operations. Leading sus-
pects, including Fenerbahe Chairman Aziz Yldrm and Deputy
Chairman ekip Mosturolu and top administrators of Sivasspor
and Giresunspor, were taken under arrest.
And everything started after this operation. How would
the judiciary cross the inviolable zone and take action against
untouchables? Of course, they did not say this. First it was said:
broadcasters that invested a large sum into the soccer business,
as well as soccer clubs, would have to suffer extensive losses.
Besides, these people were dignitaries; they could not have
committed any crime. And why were only a few clubs included
in the process? Sports meant competition, and the process ac-
tually undermined the spirit of this competition.
But the prosecutors were well prepared for this action.
There was no gap or loophole in the investigation. This time,
the Turkish Soccer Federation acted to protect these clubs; it
was so protective that it disagreed with the UEFA. Despite
UEFA instructions that in the presence of even the slightest
suspicion, the relevant clubs should be relegated and removed
from European tournaments, these sanctions were postponed
till after the announcement of the relevant courts.
Subsequently, the Turkish federation and soccer clubs
made attempts in Parliament; considering that they were
unable to stop the legal process, they asked parliamentarians
and politicians to amend the relevant bill in an attempt to
take care of this problem. Beikta Soccer club chair Yldrm
Demirren even stormed into the room where the commis-
sion discussing the draft bill was working.
This was so blatant that frankly I was sure that this would not
work. Parliament would not approve such a shameful act.
But no, this did not happen. A bill adopted in front of Tur-
key was amended overnight with the approval of all political
parties except the Peace and Democracy Party (BDP) even be-
fore the indictment of the legal case (being the match-xing
operation) was publicized. The sentences were reduced by
one-third. And it was almost like the match-xing was con-
verted into a crime with no punishment.
Now the bill has been referred to President Abdullah Gl for
approval. Gls return to his ofce is expected soon. At the time of
writing, the bill had not yet been reviewed by him. Do you know
why this is a huge plot? For a draft to become law, the approval of
the president and publication in the Ofcial Gazette is necessary.
But the lawyers of the suspects currently under detention in
connection with the match-xing allegations have asked for the
release of their clients. They did not even wait for ratication of the
bill and its publication in the Ofcial Gazette. However, this mo-
tion is about the new law. How did they act so condently? How
were they so condent that the president would approve the bill?
Thank God, the prosecutor and the judge ruled for the con-
tinuation of the state of detention, considering that there was no
change in the evidence of the crimes.
Do not get me wrong; I am not supporting the state of deten-
tion. I just want to point to the seriousness of what is happening.
Only one person raised his voice within the Justice and
Development Party (AK Party) to this shameful initiative.
I congratulate amil Tayyar; in a letter addressed to Gl,
Tayyar asked the president to veto the bill, adding that it was
adopted to save a person, named X.
And I am speaking to President Gl: Please take action to
stop this shameful act that hurts our consciences.
Footnotes by an Iranophobe
Today is World AIDS Day. This day was declared an in-
ternational day of awareness and education about AIDS
by the World Health Organization (WHO) of the United Na-
tions in 1988. The declaration came at a World Summit of Min-
isters of Health on Programs of AIDS Prevention.
Today is Rosa Parks Day in the US. This day marks the
anniversary of the arrest of African American Rosa McCau-
ley Parks (1913-2005) in Montgomery, Alabama, for refus-
ing to give her seat to a white person and move to the back
of a municipal bus on this day in 1955. Her arrest triggered
a year-long boycott of the city bus system and led to legal
action that ended racial segregation on municipal buses
throughout the southern US. The event is regarded as the
birth of the modern civil rights movement.
Today is one of several independence days in Portugal.
This celebration marks the day in 1640 when Portugal re-
gained its independence from Spain. Portugal had lost its in-
dependence in 1580, when the heirless King Sebastian died in
battle in Morocco and Phillip II of Spain claimed his throne.
Although Portugal did not lose its formal independence, it was
governed by the same monarch who governed Spain, briefly
forming a union of kingdoms. On this day in 1640 John IV
started an uprising backed by disgruntled nobles and was pro-
claimed king, thus creating the House of Braganza that was to
reign until 1910. Today is a public holiday in Portugal.
On this day in 1918 Iceland became independent from
Denmark. Although Iceland became independent, the king
of Denmark is still the king of this country.
Today is the national day of Romania. This day marks the
unification of Romania and Transylvania in 1918 and the over-
throwof the communist regime in 1989. Also called Union Day,
it begantobeobservedonlyafter the1989RomanianRevolution.
Today is the anniversary of the proclamation of the repub-
lic in the Central African Republic. This is a national holiday
celebrating the day in 1958 in which the Ubangi-Shari region
became an autonomous territory within the French Commu-
nity and took the name Central African Republic.
Today is Abolition of the Armed Forces Day in Costa
Rica. Costa Ricas army was abolished in December 1948 after
anti-government forces took power following a dispute over
the presidential election results. This came only after a 44-day
civil war that cost 2,000 lives. The victorious junta abolished the
military and oversaw the drafting of a new constitution by a
democratically elected assembly before relinquishing power.
Today is the birthday of Woody Allen (b. 1935). Allen
is a three-time Academy Award-winning American film
director, writer, actor, jazz musician, comedian and play-
wright. Allen writes and directs his movies and has also
acted in the majority of them. The greatest of his movies
is Annie Hall (1977), with which he won Oscars for best
original screenplay and best director.
HOW TO PLAY? : The objective of the game is to fill all the blank squares in a game
with the correct numbers. There are three very simple constraints to follow. In a 9
by 9 square Sudoku game:
Every row of 9 numbers must include all digits 1 through 9 in any order
Every column of 9 numbers must include all digits 1 through 9 in any order
Every 3 by 3 subsection of the 9 by 9 square must include all digits 1 through 9

Ambulance: 112 Fire: 110 171 Police: 155156 Maritime: 158 Unknown numbers: 118 80 Turkish Airlines: 444 0 849 U.S. Embassy: 0312 455 5555 U.S. Con-
sulate: 0212 2513602-3-4 Russian Embassy: 0312 439 2122 Russian Consulate: 0212 244 1693-2610 British Embassy: 0312 455 3344 British Consulate:
0212 293 7540 German Embassy: 0312 455 5100 German Consulate: 0212 334 61 00 French Embassy: 0312 455 4545 French Consulate: 0212 292 4810-11
Indian Embassy: 0312 438 2195 Pakistani Embassy: 0312 427 1410 Austrian Embassy: 0312 419 0431-33 Austrian Consulate: 0212 262 9315 Belgian Em-
bassy: 0312 446 8247 Belgian Consulate: 0212 243 3300 Egyptian Embassy: 0312 426 1026 Egyptian Consulate: 0212 263 6038 Israeli Embassy: 0312 446 3605
1 Shampoo
6 Masons
10 Mimics
14 Its been
___ plea-
15 Utah park
16 Sound of
a defective
17 Oxymoronic
19 Bygone
20 Hes a deer
21 Feed-bag
22 More
23 Out of sorts
25 Enticing ads
27 Oxymoronic
32 Water
33 Nevada
34 Moist
37 Compass
38 Predomi-
nant, as a
41 Scare word
42 Hallmark
44 Common
street name
45 Rand Mc-
Nally book
47 Oxymoronic
50 Tummy
52 Rep.s
53 Carrolls
54 Hawaiian
food staple
56 Uptown
60 Exit the
61 Oxymoronic
64 Odds
65 Speak
66 Mountain
nymph of
Greek myth
67 Cram-ses-
sion cause
68 Catch ___
69 Fritter away
1 Reckless
2 ___ La
3 Close by
4 Cracker
5 Right-angle
6 Cornell or
7 Event in
a prison
8 Daily
9 Cease
10 Did some
11 Rather
12 The ___
(Clint East-
wood lm)
13 Gaff and
18 Revolver
22 Go team!
24 Sinister look
25 Landlords
26 Alma mater
of Prince
27 Baldwin of
The Cat in
the Hat
28 Chanteuse
29 Fifth gears,
30 Church
31 Really smart
35 Lots land
36 Raise, as a
39 Send out
40 Make the
wild mild
43 Mountain
46 Lutelike
of Asia
48 Payment for
49 Cut and
50 Citadel
51 ___ branch
54 Conned
(with up)
55 ___ von
57 Piles on
58 Chair-back
59 Jekylls
61 ___-am
(kind of golf
62 Took off on
63 Ouch!
2011 Universal Uclick
Gregorian Calendar: 01 December 2011 C.E. Hijri Calendar: 06 Muharram 1433 A.H. Hebrew Calendar: 05 Kislev 5772
mov e gu de
The Ides of March

T H U R S D AY, D E C E MB E R 1 , 2 0 1 1
Mr. DploMAT!
Cem Kzltu
Brazls artsts makng mark
at Mams Art Basel far
Brazil has been a powerhouse in the
art world for more than a decade,
and now its booming economy is
putting its artists and collectors on the global
map. Both will be making their mark during
the 10th annual Art Basel Miami Beach festival
and its satellite events this week.
The country, the fifth-largest in the world,
is part of the growing Latin American presence
at the art extravaganza. But its not just about
art. As Brazilians and other Latin Americans
fly in for the fair, Miami-area real estate de-
velopers are enticing potential customers with
special Basel packages. Meanwhile upscale
Brazilian design and furnishing companies like
Ornare and Artefacto are hosting parties and
conferences on architecture and design.
Regina de Almeida, one of the founders
and directors of the Institute of Contemporary
Culture in Sao Paulo, and a longtime collector
of Brazilian works, says shes seen a rapid in-
ternationalization of the countrys art, thanks
in part to Brazils booming economy, which
grew by 7.5 percent last year.
In the past, she said, Brazil was something of
a cultural island. The newmobility that galleries
today have abroad, this didnt use to happen 20
years ago, she said. It used to be art just for us.
Miamis Art Basel fair, the offshoot of the
annual festival in Basel, Switzerland, and one
of Americas most prestigious art events, runs
Thursday through Sunday and brings together
more than 2,000 artists from peer selected gal-
leries around the globe. This year it boasts 26
Latin American galleries, 16 of them Brazilian.
Among its featured Art Positions section ded-
icated to new talents, a quarter of the 16 galleries
are from Brazil. Other international galleries are
also exhibiting work by Brazilian artists, includ-
ing masters such as the sculptor Tunga.
The artists on display reflect the diversity
of Brazil, which is home to the largest com-
munity of individuals of Japanese descent
outside of Japan, as well as sizeable commu-
nities of Italian and Lebanese-Brazilians.
Among the artists featured in this years
fair is Rosana Ricalde, whose lyrical yet styl-
ized sea paintings hint of Japanese influence
and who turns maps of cities into abstract
lattices. Paulo Nazareths bold photography
features images such as an indigenous Gua-
temalan man holding a sign reading in Span-
ish: My Image of Exotic Man for Sale.
Brazil has always been on top of the cre-
ative world. You have only to look at Carnival.
People look at it as a party, but its an incred-
ible artistic world, said Miami gallery owner
Gary Nader, who will showcase more than $5
million worth of Brazilian art at his Wynwood
Arts District gallery this week.
Outside the art scene, developers hope to
capitalize on the newclass of Brazilian collectors.
InFlorida, Brazilians aresecondonlytoCanadians
inscooping up real estate, making up 8 percent of
foreign buyers, mostly in the luxury condos.
Meanwhile, the Brazilian firmOrnare, which
specializes in luxury wardrobe, bath and kitchen
manufacturing, is hosting a week of events, cul-
minating in a conference Friday on the influence
of Brazil on the world of design, featuring top
Brazilianarchitects. Zize Zinkis amongthem. The
Rio de Janeiro architect is attending her first Art
Basel, scouting for works for her clients and her-
self. Its the moment in Brazil, she said, adding
that construction in Brazil in advance of the 2016
Olympics is also fueling newinterest in design.
Still others are using the week to remind col-
lectors about the millions in Latin America still
living in poverty. The Chilean-based nonprofit
Un Techo Para Mi Pais (A Roof for My Country)
will auction miniature models of the transitional
housing it produces for Latin Americas poor de-
signed by some of the regions most popular art-
ists -- including one by Rosana Ricalde. Miami AP




Brazilian artist
Rosana Ricaldes
rendering of a
model-scale house
is seen on display at
Miamis Art Basel Fair.
tv gude
09:00 The Martha Stewart Show
10:00 Umutsuz Evkadnlar
11:00 The Ellen DeGeneres
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13:00 Dedikoducu Kz
14:00 The Ellen DeGeneres
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05:10 Romy And Michele's High
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07:15 The Necessities Of Life
(Ce qu'il faut pour vivre)
09:05 The Anarchist's Wife (Die
Frau des Anarchisten)
11:15 Tapas
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16:10 Big River
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19:45 Everything Must Go
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20:00 Profiler
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rado gude

STANBUL: Ataky Cinebonus Plus 11:00 12:15
13:15 14:30 15:30 16:45 17:45 19:00 20:00 21:15
22:15 23:30 Cinebonus Marmara Forum11:00
13:00 15:15 17:30 19:45 22:00 23:45 AFMstinye
Park 11:30 14:00 16:30 19:00 21:30 24:00
Nianta Citylife 11:45 14:00 16:15 18:30 21:00
23:30 Altunizade Capitol Spectrum11:30 13:45
16:00 18:20 19:40 21:00 22:15 23:30 ANKARA: AFM
CEPA 11:10 13:40 16:15 18:40 21:10 23:40 Cinebo-
nus Gordion 11:10 12:20 13:30 14:40 15:50 17:00
18:10 19:20 20:30 21:40 23:50 ANTALYA: Plaza
11:30 13:30 15:30 17:30 19:30 21:30 ZMR: Cinecity
Kipa ili 11:15 13:45 16:15 18:45 21:15 23:45
STANBUL: Ataky Cinebonus Plus 11:00 12:30
13:45 15:15 16:30 18:00 19:15 20:45 22:00 23:30
Cinebonus Marmara Forum11:00 12:00 13:30
14:30 16:00 17:00 18:30 19:30 21:00 22:00 23:30
AFMstinye Park 11:00 12:15 13:40 15:05 16:30
17:55 19:20 20:45 22:10 23:40 Nianta
Citylife 11:00 13:30 15:15 16:00 18:30 21:00 22:15
ANKARA: AFMCEPA 10:45 12:10 13:35 15:00 16:25
17:50 19:15 20:40 22:05 23:30 Cinebonus
Gordion 11:00 12:20 13:40 15:00 16:20 17:40 19:00
20:20 21:40 23:45 ANTALYA: Plaza 12:00 14:30
17:00 18:15 19:15 20:15 21:30 ZMR: Cinecity Kipa
ili 11:00 11:45 13:30 14:15 15:00 16:00 16:45
17:30 18:30 19:15 20:00 21:00 21:45 23:30
STANBUL: Beylikdz Cinema Pink Perla Vista
11:45 13:45 15:45 17:45 19:45 21:45 Beyolu
Beyolu 12:15 14:30 16:45 19:00 21:15 Cinebonus
Marmara Forum11:45 14:00 16:15 18:30 21:00
23:15 Nianta Citylife 11:00 13:00 15:00 18:00
20:15 23:15 Altunizade Capitol Spectrum11:00
13:15 15:30 17:45 20:00 22:15 23:50 ANKARA: AFM
CEPA 11:40 13:55 16:20 18:55 21:25 23:45
STANBUL: Bakrky AFMCarousel 11:00 13:45
16:30 19:15 22:00 Nianta Citylife 12:30 15:00
18:00 21:00 Altunizade Capitol Spectrum12:00
15:00 18:00
STANBUL: Silivri Kipa Cinema Pink 11:15 13:15
15:15 17:15 19:15 21:15 Zeytinburnu Cinecity Oli-
vium13:00 15:00 17:00 19:00 21:15 23:45 ANKARA:
Metropol 11:00 13:00 15:00 Optimum17:00 19:15
21:30 ZMR: Cinecity Kipa ili 13:45 15:45 17:45
19:45 21:45 24:30
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It was not immediately possible to verify
the identity or the motives of the assail-
ant. Witnesses said he shouted Allahu Akbar
(God is Great) and then said in Arabic that he
was from Syria, raising suspicions that the in-
cident was linked to political tensions between
Turkey and Syria over President Bashar al-
Assads crackdown on anti-regime protests.
ahin, on the other hand, said the gunman
was a Libyan national born in 1975. He said
the assailant, identified as Samir Salem Ali El-
madhavri, had entered Turkey on Nov. 27 and
arrived at the scene of the incident in a car with
a Syrian license plate. Asked about the motive
of the attack, ahin said, An attacks motive is
to inflict harm. ahin said it was not immedi-
ately known if the attacker was affiliated with
any groups or organizations in Libya or Syria.
A spokesman for Libyas National Transi-
tion Council, Jalal el-Galal, said authorities in
Tripoli have no information at this point on the
gunman, the Associated Press reported.
stanbul Governor Hseyin Avni Mutlu had
earlier said his motives appeared to be personal.
We will make a statement when the situa-
tion is clear, Mutlu told reporters, adding that the
police decided to shoot him when the gunman
appeared determined not to surrender.
Topkap Palace, the seat of the Otto-
man sultans for almost 400 years, is located
in the citys historic Sultanahmet neighbor-
hood, which also includes the Blue Mosque
and the former Byzantine church of Haghia
Sophia. The palace, with its harem, ornate
courtyards and gilded treasures, attracts
thousands of visitors each year.
I saw the gunman carrying a gun on his
shoulder, like a hunter; he had ammunition
around his neck and a backpack. His overcoat
was buttoned, I couldnt see what was under-
neath, dris Cengiz, an eyewitness, told AP
television. He was coming toward us and my
friend said he looked like a hunter so I asked him
in English, Are you a hunter? He said some-
thing in Arabic that I didnt understand.
A picture showed him carrying at least two
rifles and a cartridge belt around his neck. The pic-
ture also shows the man wearing a black overcoat,
cap and carrying a backpack.
Some tourists threw themselves on the
ground in panic, Cengiz said. There were no other
reports of injuries in the attack.
Turkey has harshly criticized Assads vio-
lent crackdown on protests and announced
on Wednesday a set of sanctions targeting the
Syrian regime. Protesting Turkish policies, an-
gry pro-Assad demonstrators attacked Turk-
ish diplomatic missions earlier this month and
burned a Turkish flag. Ankara has also backed
a NATO operation against Libyas deposed
leader Muammar Gaddafi after initially op-
posing the idea. stanbul Todays Zaman
Afghan religious figures, diplomats come together in stanbul
A senior Justice and Development Party
(AK Party) official on Wednesday said Re-
publican Peoples Party (CHP) leader Kemal
Kldarolu was afraid to disclose his Kurdish
and Alevi background fearing reaction from neo-
nationalists in the party and called on him to
confront the Dersim tragedy.
Speaking at a news conference at AK Party head-
quarters on Wednesday, AK Party Deputy Chair-
man Hseyin elik said: We dont care whether
Kldarolu is Sunni or Alevi, but Kldarolu who
is from an Alevi-Kurdish family from Dersim said, I
am Turk, when he first emerged [as the CHP leader].
Why? Because he was afraid that the neo-nationalists
at the CHP would finish him off.
elik was referring to an interview K-
ldarolu gave to the Hrriyet daily in June
2010, just a month after he was elected as leader
of the CHP. In the interview, he said, Although
there are claims that I am of Kurdish origin, my
family has Turkic roots.
The CHP leader has been the target of severe criti-
cism recently due to his attitude regarding the Der-
sim massacre, which took place in Tunceli in the early
years of the republic when the CHP was in power
Although Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoan
last week apologized on behalf of the Turkish state
for the Dersim massacre and called on Kldarolu
to do the same, the CHP leader has failed to offer
any apology and accused the government of abus-
ing the massacre in Dersim, which led to the killing
of thousands of innocent people.
On Wednesday, elik also called on Kldarolu
to confront his partys history telling him that it is a
virtue for one to be able to return from mistakes.
It is virtue to return from a mistake. It is a
virtue to apologize for ones mistake. This will not
make you lose prestige but I really feel pity for CHP
and its leader, said elik.
CHP needs to take action
Former CHP deputy Hasan Gyldar, who part-
ed ways with the party in 2009 after former CHP
deputy Onur ymen made a speech in Parlia-
ment in defense of the Dersim massacre but
later returned to party again after Kldarolu
became leader, said the CHP leader needs to
take action to ease the conscience of the Dersim
people following the recent controversy.
All eyes are on the CHP. The CHP needs to
take a stance against the Dersim massacre. CHP
administrators need to welcome this demand
from society, he said.
Gyldar also voiced his content over Erdoan
offering an apology for Dersim, which he said led to a
relief among Dersimites.
CHP loses support in Dersim
Meanwhile, CHP Tunceli Provincial Branch head
Hseyin Gne told Todays Zaman that the
more the Dersim debate grows, the more the
CHP loses support in Tunceli.
Gne said it was very unnecessary for this de-
bate to be spurred, and criticized CHP Tunceli deputy
Hseyin Aygn for sparking the debate on Dersim.
Aygn lit the fire of the Dersim debate earlier
this month when he said in an interview to To-
days Zaman that the Dersim massacre took place
with the consent of the state and the ruling CHP
and that it is just a myth that Mustafa Kemal
Atatrk was not aware of it.
Gne said he worked hard before the June 12
general elections to convince the CHP administration
not to include Aygn on the list of candidates for Par-
liament but he failed to do so. Hseyin Aygn is not
a CHP supporter; he has nothing to do with this
party. He is a person who criticized the CHP in the
past. I opposed his candidacy before the elections
but my objection did not work. The party adminis-
tration did not listen to me. I turned out be right on
an issue I brought up months ago, he said. Hseyin
Kele, Kazm Pynar stanbul / Habip Gler Ankara
Ninety Afghan diplomats and leaders of
various religious sects came together in
stanbul on Wednesday for a program organized
by Marmara University to discuss the problems
in Afghanistan and come up with ways to bring
peace among the Afghan people.
Turkey has being closely watching the troubles
faced by Afghans in recent years and currently it
is hosting a three-day program, where 90 Afghan
religious figures and diplomats as well as some 30
religious leaders from various Muslim countries,
such as Qatar, Indonesia and Jordan, are meeting
to discuss peace and unity in Afghanistan.
Recently the sixth trilateral summit between
Turkey, Pakistan and Afghanistan, hosted by
Turkish President Abdullah Gl, took place in
stanbul to express the willingness of Pakistani
and Afghan statesmen to join hands in working
towards peace and security in the region.
The programs organizer, Marmara University
Middle East Research Institute head Professor Talip
Kkcan, stated that Turkey is a country that looks
forward to seeing Afghanistan solve its problems
with unity among its people. Since the beginning,
Turkey was against Afghanistan being invaded and
Turkey had always wanted Afghanistan to sort its
problems out with its political and social actors in
the country. Turkey has always lent a helping hand
to Afghanistan when it is needed, said Kkcan.
Along with Marmara University, Aziz Abu
Sarah -- the co-executive director of George
Mason Universitys Center for World Religions,
Diplomacy and Conflict Resolution -- is organiz-
ing programs and lectures where Afghanistans
problems are discussed. Sarah stated that Tur-
key is playing a major role in establishing peace
among religious sects in Afghanistan.
Turkey is a Muslim state with people from dif-
ferent religious sects living in peace. We [Afghans]
want to make use of the experiences of a Muslim
country, not the West. Turkey is a country which
watches our problems closely and its a country
which can be guide for us [Afghans] Sarah added.
Lbyan gunman njures two
n Topkap Palace shootng
Head of Turkish religious
establishment meets with
Russian religious leaders
Prosecutor releases
ex-MT official Eymr
after interrogation
Religious Affairs Directorate President Mehmet
Grmez is in Moscow for a series of talks with Rus-
sian religious authorities and Russian Muslim leaders.
Grmez is paying an official visit to Moscow at the
invitation of Russian Orthodox Patriarch Kirill. As part of
his program in Russia, Grmez received Russian Council
of Muftis President Ravil Gainutdin at the residence of
the Turkish ambassador to Russia on Wednesday.
During the meeting, Grmez and Gainutdin dis-
cussed problems concerning religious education and
religious services that Muslims in Russia face, the rela-
tionship between the Religious Affairs Directorate and
the Russian Council of Muftis and the inner and outer
decoration of a mosque that is being built in Moscow. It
was also decided that a technical committee represent-
ing the directorate will pay a visit to Moscow concerning
the construction of the mosque.
Aydn Adnan Sezgin, the Turkish ambassador in
Moscow; Professor Mehmet Paac, the head of the ex-
ternal relations department of the Religious Affairs Di-
rectorate; and Fahri Salk, the religious services advisor
to the Turkish Embassy in Moscow participated in the
meeting. Following the meeting with Gainutdin, Gr-
mez met with Moscow Islamic University Rector Marat
Murtazin. On the same day, Grmez had an official
meeting with Patriarch Kirill. Ankara Todays Zaman
Eymr was among nine people detained in relation
to the investigation including arkn, brahim ahin,
former deputy head of the National Police Departments
special ops unit, and Sedat Peker, a mafia boss.
Meanwhile, Eymrs home in the Saryer district
of stanbul was searched for evidence related to extra-
judicial killings. The prosecutor demanded a thorough
search of all electronic devices in Eymrs home.
A number of unsolved murder cases that occurred in
the early 1990s have been reopened in Turkey, in addi-
tion to the one in which Eymr is implicated.
Another case reopened this year was the probe
into the death of Gen. Eref Bitlis, who was killed
in a plane crash in 1993. The case into Bitlis death
was reopened after former military prosecutor re-
tired Col. Hasan Tyszolu claimed in 2010 that
a file on the Bitlis crash was suspiciously lacking in
information. Tyszolu shared various suspicious
details from the initial investigation conducted by
military prosecutors after Bitlis death.
Earlier this week, former Chief of General Staff
Gen. Doan Gre, who was in charge of the military
at the time of Bitlis death, was called to testify in the
Bitlis investigation. Another former general who is
expected to testify in the investigation is retired Gen.
Armaan Kulolu, then commander of the air cadet
school of the land forces. Tyszolu had said in his
revelations that Gen. Kulolu should have been in-
vestigated at the time because the plane that crashed
was under his command. He said that instead of being
investigated Gen. Kulolu was promoted.
Bitlis was a senior general investigating the same
issue that journalist Uur Mumcu had been investigat-
ing. Mumcu was assassinated in 1993 for trying to dis-
cover what happened to 100,000 firearms that disap-
peared from the Turkish Armed Forces (TSK) arsenal.
Bitlis died 25 days after Mumcu. Expert reports on the
plane accident in which he died indicated that the in-
cident was most likely caused by sabotage.
Just one week before he was killed, Bitlis met with
foreign ministers from Syria, Iran and Iraq about try-
ing to put an end to the outlawed Kurdistan Workers
Party (PKK) as part of the plan of President Turgut zal,
who favored a civilian solution to the Kurdish problem.
Before zal even had a chance to see any of his ideas
put into practice, he died on April 17, 1993. Several con-
spiracy theories emerged in the wake of zals death.
Evidence included in an indictment into Er-
genekon -- a shady gang with links to the media,
business, military and bureaucracy that is being ac-
cused of having incited a number of political murders
and attacks -- suggests that Mumcu was assassinated
because of his controversial investigation.
Other cold cases from the same period that are being
re-examined include the death of Gen. Bahtiyar Aydn,
who was shot in the eye with an automatic rifle, and a
gendarmerie major, Kazm illiolu, and Gen. Hulusi
Sayn. A constitutional amendment package passed on
Sept. 12, 2010, allowing civilian courts to take up cases
that previously were under military court jurisdiction,
has made it possible to reopen unsolved murders, many
of which appear to have been covered up during their
initial investigation years ago in the early 1990s.
contnued frompage 1













Marmara Universitys Talip Kkcan notes that Turkey looks
forward to seeing Afghanistan solve its problems with unity.
A security guard injured during Wednesdays shooting
in front of Topkap Palace is carried to an ambulance .
Religious Affairs Directorate head Mehmet Grmez and
Russian Orthodox Patriarch Kirill met on Wednesday.
contnued from page 1
CHP submits bill for legal
status for Alevi cemevis
Leaving expectations for an apology for the Der-
simmassacre unanswered, the CHPmade a face-
saving gesture for Alevis on Wednesday and sub-
mittedabill toParliament, demandinglegal status
for Alevi housesof worship(cemevi). TheAlevi and
Bektai communities want the cemevi -- a place of
worship-- tobegivenlegal status. Thegovernment
has so far refused to do so, saying it might offend
members of mainstreamMuslimdenominations.
The bill bearing the signatures of CHP stanbul
deputy Ali zgndz along with 71 others was
submitted to Parliament on Wednesday, demand-
ing legal status for cemevis. The bill demanded
legal status for cemevis citing the Alevis distur-
bance because cemevis are not recognized by
the state as places of worship. Habip Gler Ankara
Kldarolu hid his background fearing neo-nationalists at CHP
Sultanahmet Square was cordoned off by police immediately after the attack. The gunman, a Libyan national whose back is seen here in the upper right corner, shouted he was from Syria as he opened fire.
Mens practice called off after skiers strike
The first practice run for the mens World Cup downhill race at Beaver Creek was canceled on Tues-
day after skiers protested against the condition of the course. Led by American Bode Miller, the skiers
complained that some sections on the Birds of Prey piste were unsafe and demanded it be fixed. The
practice session was canceled as stewards set about repairing the course ahead of Wednesdays
next scheduled training run. The race was due to take place Friday. Beaver Creek, Colo., Reuters
Eagles go to Tel Avv
seekng spot n last 32
Lakers PauGasol (2ndC) hugsteammateKobeBryant (24) after beatingtheDenver
Nuggets during their NBA playoff game in Denver in this May 23, 2009file photo.





The Beikta Black Eagles take on Israels
Maccabi Tel Aviv away at Bloomfield
Stadium in the penultimate game of the
UEFA Europa League Group E, seeking victory to
consolidate second place in the four-team group
and boost their chances of making the last 32.
The Black Eagles will host Stoke City in the
group finale on Dec. 14, while Dynamo will be
taking on Maccabi.
Looking from the outside, the group ap-
pears settled with frontrunners Stoke City (10
points from four matches) and Beikta (six)
likely to finish first and second, respectively, and
progress to the next round.
But on closer examination, that is not exactly the
case. None of the four teams in the group -- Stoke
City, Beikta, Dynamo Kiev and Maccabi Tel Aviv
-- has advanced or been eliminated. The results of
the Thursday matches may well decide who pro-
gresses and who will be sent home empty handed.
Stoke City needs at least a draw at home
against Dynamo Kiev to guarantee a berth in the
sixteenth-finals. If Dynamo Kiev loses and the
Black Eagles can beat Maccabi again, then the
stanbul side will have an insurmountable four-
point lead over the Ukrainians. That would mean
Stoke and Beikta going through, while Dynamo
and Maccabi bid bye-bye to Europe this season.
First meeting in stanbul
The Black Eagles crushed Maccabi 5-1 in the group
opener in stanbul on Sept. 15 with Hugo Almei-
da scoring a brace and Mehmet Aurelio, Egemen
Korkmaz and Edu adding one apiece for Beikta.
Maccabis consolation goal came from Roi Kehat.
That defeat really hurt the Israeli side and
the players have hardly recovered since, as a 1-1
home draw with Dynamo is the best result on

their report card. The Israelis are well known for
their acts of vengeance.
An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth is the
Law of Moses. Maccabi, though an inferior side to
Beikta, will be all out to avenge the rout in stanbul.
But if stand-in coach Carlos Carvalhal can imple-
ment the right counterattack tactics, then the exas-
perated Maccabi could fall into an even bigger trap.
As usual, Beikta will be depleted again on
Thursday. Midfielders Necip Uysal, Mehmet
Aurelio, Onur Bayramolu and former Portugal
winger Simao Pedro Fonseca Sabrosa missed
practice sessions this week and are therefore
doubtful against Maccabi.
The walking wounded aside, the Black Eagles
should still be too strong for the vengeful Mac-
cabi. And the Eagles hard-fought 1-0 victory over
Champions League representative Trabzonspor
in the domestic Spor Toto Super League on Sun-
day should really boost team morale.
Maccabi still has a chance [albeit a small
one], Carvalhal said. They are therefore ex-
pected to give Thursdays match their all, and so
it is not going to be an easy game, he noted.
Kickoff is at 10:05 p.m. Turkish time and the
referee will be Belgian Serge Gumienny, while
his assistants will be Mark Simons and Frank
Bleyen. The touchline referees will be Luc Wout-
ers and Alexandre Boucaut, and the fourth of-
ficial Sebastien Delferiere.
Players get timeout on lawsuit in bid to clinch labor deal
A federal judge issued a stay of all court
proceedings in a legal fight between
National Basketball Association (NBA) own-
ers and players on Tuesday so the two sides
can wrap up details on their new labor agree-
ment. A handshake agreement between play-
ers and owners to end a five-month lockout
was reached early Saturday with the sides aim-
ing to begin a 66-game schedule on Christmas
Day. A normal NBA season is 82 games.
The timeout requested by the players
was approved by US District Judge Patrick
Schiltz in Minnesota, who ordered a stay
until Dec. 9, the day that training camps
would open under the preliminary deal that
must be ratified by both sides. Free agent
signings were also supposed to get the
green light the same day, provided at least
16 of the 30 club owners vote in favor of the
10-year deal and the union also gets a ma-
jority approval from its 430-plus members.
The players must also reform their
union, which they dissolved on Nov. 14 to
pursue an anti-trust remedy to the labor
dispute, before putting the deal to a vote.
No timetable for ratification has been
announced. Players who signed to compete
in other international leagues were making
arrangements to return, while four NBA
stars canceled their Homecoming Tour.
Miami Heat team mates LeBron James and
Dwyane Wade, along with friends Chris
Paul of the New Orleans Hornets and Car-
melo Anthony of the New York Knicks, had
planned to play together in their hometowns
to benefit their charitable foundations.
The game in Jamess hometown of Ak-
ron, Ohio, was meant to launch the tour on
Dec. 1, but has been canceled along with
the other exhibitions in Chicago, New Or-
leans and East Rutherford, New Jersey.
We are thrilled that a tentative agreement
has been reached and are looking forward to
getting back to work and playing basketball,
Wade said in a statement. New York Reuters
Stoke City needs at least a draw at home against Dynamo Kiev to guarantee a berth in the sixteenth-finals from
Group E. If Dynamo Kiev loses and the Black Eagles Beikta can beat cellar-dweller Maccabi in Tel Aviv, then the
stanbul side will have an insurmountable four-point lead over the Ukrainians and will also go through
City, Liverpool in
League Cup semis
Liverpool raided Chelsea for the second time in
10 days to reach the seminals of the League Cup
on Tuesday, while Manchester City also grabbed a
victory against a Premier League title rival in Lon-
don to qualify for the last four. Craig Bellamy set up
goals for Maxi Rodriguez in the 58th minute and
Martin Kelly in the 63rd as seven-time competi-
tion winner Liverpool won 2-0 at Stamford Bridge
to pile the pressure on Chelsea manager Andre
Villas-Boas, whose team has now lost ve of its
last nine matches in all competitions. It was an
emotional night for Bellamy, who returned to the
Liverpool team two days after missing its 1-1 draw
with Manchester City in the Premier League be-
cause he was too upset to play following the death
of former Wales teammate Gary Speed on Sun-
day. The striker held back the tears prior to kickoff
on Tuesday as fans and players from both sides
conducted a moving one minutes applause at
Stamford Bridge in honor of Wales national team
manager, before going on to play a key part in Liv-
erpools dismantling of the home side. London AP
Barcelona bounces
back with Rayo rout
Alexis Sanchez scored twice as Barcelona
bounced back from its rst loss of the season with
a 4-0 victory over Rayo Vallecano in the Spanish
league on Tuesday. A stubborn Rayo held Bar-
celona at the Camp Nou until the 29th minute,
when the Chile forward struck for his rst goal
since the season opener in August. Sanchez add-
ed a second in the 41st minute and David Villa
made it 3-0 just two minutes later. Five minutes
after the restart, a solo effort by Lionel Messi
brought the Argentina forward his 16th league
goal of the season - matching Cristiano Ron-
aldos league-leading tally. Barcelona, which fell
to its rst loss of the season last Saturday at Ge-
tafe, moved within three points of league leader
Madrid, which has one game in hand. The Cata-
lans easily recovered from that defeat although
the Madrid side proved tough to break through
as it disrupted Barcelonas ability to move
the ball out of the backeld early on. Barcelona AP
Late Pepe strike earns
Juve draw at Napoli
Leaders Juventus fought back from two goals
down to draw 3-3 away to Napoli in a thrilling
game at the San Paolo stadium on Tuesday to
extend their unbeaten start to the Serie A cam-
paign. Goran Pandev struck twice for the host
but Pepe popped up with a late equalizer to
stretch Juves lead over AC Milan to two points
after 12 games with Napoli climbing to sixth
on 17. Napolis Marek Hamsik, having missed
a 15th-minute penalty, headed them in front
midway through the rst half before Pandev
doubled their lead ve minutes before the break.
Alessandro Matri pulled a goal back for Juve
three minutes into the second half but Pandev
struck again to put Napoli 3-1 ahead 20 minutes
later. The visiting team then staged a ghtback
with Marcelo Estigarribia poking the ball home
after 73 minutes before Simone Pepe completed
the comeback 11 minutes from time. Rome Reuters
Sherwood offers rich
reward for Woods
For the 18 players vying for supremacy at this
weeks $5 million Chevron World Challenge,
merely competing in the Tiger Woods-hosted
event is conrmation of a successful year. With the
notable exception of four-time champion Woods,
who has not won a tournament for more than two
years, every other player in the invitational eld at
Sherwood Country Club is ranked in the worlds
top 50. While the title at Sherwood is unofcial,
the Challenge offers ofcial world ranking points
and the player who nishes last on Sunday is
guaranteed a check for $140,000. I played a pro-
am here maybe ve years ago, and I watched my
dad [Jay] play the event, American Bill Haas told
reporters on Tuesday while preparing for Thurs-
days opening round. I remember he was saying
this should be one of your goals ... to get here one
day, so its a great feeling for me to be inside the
ropes playing this event. Hopefully I can make it
back here in the future. Thousands Oaks, Calif. Reuters
The f
day af
Stoke City 4 3 1 0 8 3 10
Beikta 4 2 0 2 7 4 6
Dynamo Kiev 4 1 2 1 3 3 5
Maccabi 4 0 1 3 3 11 1
Thursdays fixtures
Dec. 1: Stoke City vs. Dynamo Kiev; Maccabi vs. Beikta.
Beiktas Portugal playmaker Ri-
cardo Quaresma (R) is challenged by
a Maccabi Tel Aviv player in the UEFA
Europa League Group E in this Sept.
15 file photo. Beikta won 5-1.
Live on Star TV
Maccabi Tel Aviv vs. Beikta
More than a decade after tabloid photo editor
Robert Stevens became the rst victim of the
2001 anthrax attacks, the US government has agreed
to pay his widow and family $2.5 million to settle their
lawsuit, according to documents released on Tuesday.
Stevens, 63, died on Oct. 5, 2001, when a letter con-
taining deadly anthrax spores was opened at the then-
headquarters in Boca Raton of American Media Inc., pub-
lisher of the National Enquirer, Sun and Globe tabloids.
Eventually four other people would die and 17 others
would be sickened in similar letter attacks, which the FBI
blames on a lone government scientist who committed
suicide. Stevens widow, Maureen Stevens, sued the gov-
ernment in 2003, claiming its negligence caused her hus-
bands death by failing to adequately safeguard anthrax at
the US Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Dis-
eases at Fort Detrick, Maryland. The FBI probe concluded
that Fort Detrick was the source of the spores used in the
attacks in New York, Washington and Florida.
The government failed to carry out its duty of
care, the highest degree of care in making sure the
deadly microbes were kept tightly under lock and key,
said the lawsuit led in West Palm Beach federal court.
The case languished for years in procedural de-
lays and appeals until the FBI announced in 2008 that
a Fort Detrick scientist, Dr. Bruce Ivins, was respon-
sible for the attacks. Although some of his colleagues
and outside experts have raised doubts about his in-
tent and ability to weaponize the anthrax, the FBI for-
mally closed its Amerithrax investigation in 2010.
Ivins killed himself with an overdose of Tylenol
and valium as investigators closed in. His attorney
has maintained Ivins is innocent, but Justice Depart-
ment prosecutors say they had more than enough
evidence to convict him at trial.
Stevens attorney, Richard Schuler, said when the
FBI announced that Ivins was their man that it proved
a key allegation in their lawsuit: Weve maintained all
along this was an inside job, he said. Schuler called
the settlement a tremendous victory for the Stevens
family after years of litigation. They fought us at every
turn and dragged this thing out, Schuler said. You
have to control access to these tremendously danger-
ous organisms and they didnt have any of that. You
had security that was Swiss cheese out there. Miami AP
Bono: Alicia Keys has lioness energy
Bono is afraid of Alicia Keys. While Keys talked about being pregnant and
empathetic when filming her documentary about AIDS in Africa, the U2
singer chimed in and said: Shes scary, isnt she? Shes scary. Bono went
on to say that Keys has lioness energy and that her role as a new
mother wont allow her to let other mothers suffer. New York, AP
US to pay $2.5 million in photo editors anthrax death
A Russian woman who had an affair with a
British member of parliament won her ght to
stay in Britain on Tuesday after an immigration tribu-
nal dismissed accusations that she was a spy. Katia
Zatuliveter, 26, worked as a parliamentary aide and
had an affair with her boss, Mike Hancock, 65, a law-
maker from the junior governing Liberal Democrats
who served on the defense select committee. British
authorities had sought to expel her, accusing her of
using her access to parliament to spy for Moscow.
Her deportation was overruled at a hearing behind
closed doors by the Special Immigration Appeals
Commission (SIAC) on Tuesday. Our conclusion,
at least on the balance of probabilities, is that she was
and is not a Russian agent, ofcial court documents
said. The Home Ofce, which had ordered her ex-
pulsion, said it was disappointed by the ruling. It was
an absolutely horrifying experience and Ive simply
lost a year of my life. I couldnt do anything - lots of
people believed I was a spy simply because the Brit-
ish government said so, Zatuliveter told BBC televi-
sion on Tuesday. If youre a Russian in this country
youre a spy. The allegations against Zatuliveter
were made just months after 10 Russian sleeper
agents were expelled from the United States, ramp-
ing up political tensions between Western powers
and the former Soviet Union. Hancock represents
the southern English port city of Portsmouth where
there is a large naval base. He has denied his re-
search assistant did anything wrong but resigned
his post on the defense committee. London Reuters/AP
Republican presidential contender Herman
Cain told aides on Tuesday he would reassess
the viability of his struggling campaign after an At-
lanta woman accused him of conducting a 13-year
extramarital affair. The allegations could be the end
of the political line for Cain, who led the Republi-
can White House race barely more than a month
ago but has nosedived in polls after a series of
sexual harassment charges and campaign missteps.
Cain, 65, denies he had an affair with business-
woman Ginger White, who told an Atlanta televi-
sion station that her on-and-off relationship with
Cain began in the mid-1990s. In a fundraising email
to supporters entitled Stand With Me, Cain called
White a troubled Atlanta businesswoman who is
pushing a fabricated, unsubstantiated story.
I do know Ms. White. I have helped her nan-
cially at times over the past few years, just as I have
helped many friends and acquaintances throughout
the years. I thought Ms. White was a friend in need
of a supportive hand to better her life, he wrote.
The former pizza executive told aides in a con-
ference call transcribed by the conservative maga-
zine National Review that he would gauge the im-
pact of the charges over the next few days and see if
they created a cloud of doubt in supporters minds.
Obviously, this is cause for reassessment,
Cain told staff members, adding he would contin-
ue his campaign schedule over the next few days.
The public will have to decide whether they
believe her or whether they believe me. Thats
why were going to give it time, to see what type
of response we get from our supporters, he said.
The news began to take a toll on Cain in New
Hampshire, where WMUR television reported that
two Cain supporters, state representatives William
Panek and Sam Cataldo, will now back Newt Gin-
grich. The allegation of an affair comes ve weeks be-
fore Iowa kicks off the Republican battle for the right
to challenge Democratic President Barack Obama,
giving Cain little time to resurrect a once high-ying
campaign. In addition to sexual harassment allega-
tions by four women, Cain also has stumbled on the
campaign trail. He raised alarm among conservatives
with confusing comments about abortion and badly
fumbled a question on Libya policy. WashingtonReuters/AP
Russian cleared of
being honeytrap spy
Cain crumbling
after affair allegation
Bono i
singer c
Judge said Dr.
Murray sold out
his profession
for a promised
fee of $150,000
a month when
he agreed to
give Jackson
a powerful
anesthetic every
night as an
unorthodox cure
for insomnia.
Murray will
likely serve
less than two
years in county
jail, not state
prison, because
of Californias
prisons and jails
It was clear that Michael Jack-
sons doctor was going to get the
maximum four-year sentence
for involuntary manslaughter before the
judge even nished speaking. In a nearly
half-hour tongue lashing, Dr. Conrad
Murray was denounced as a greedy, re-
morseless physician who committed a
horric violation of trust and killed the
King of Pop during an experiment.
Dr. Murray created a set of circum-
stances and became involved in a cycle of
horrible medicine, Judge Michael Pastor
said in a stern voice. Pastor said Murray
sold out his profession for a promised fee of
$150,000 a month when he agreed to give
Jackson a powerful anesthetic every night
as an unorthodox cure for insomnia.
Murray will likely serve less than two
years in county jail, not
state prison, because of
Californias overcrowded
prisons and jails. Sheriffs
ofcials said he will be
housed in a one-man cell
and be kept away from
other inmates. The tall,
imposing Murray, who has
been in jail for three weeks,
was allowed to change into
street clothes -- a charcoal
gray suit and white shirt
-- for court. But he wore
prison issue white socks and soft slippers.
Jackson family pleased
with sentence
Jacksons family said in a statement read in
court that they were not seeking revenge
but a stiff sentence for Murray that served
as a warning to opportunistic doctors. Af-
terward, they said they were pleased with
the judges sentence. Were going to be
a family. Were going to move forward.
Were going to tour, play the music and
miss him, brother Jermaine Jackson said.
After sentencing, Murray mouthed
the words I love you to his mother and
girlfriend in the courtroom. Murrays
mother, Milta Rush, sat alone on a bench
in the courthouse hallway. My son is
not what they charged him to be, she
said quietly. He was a gentle child from
the time he was small. Of her sons fu-
ture, she said, God is in charge.
Murray, 58, was convicted of involun-
tary manslaughter after a six-week trial that
presented the most detailed account yet of
Jacksons nal hours, a story of the perform-
ers anguish over being unable to sleep.
Pastor was relentless in his bashing of
Murray, saying the physician lied repeat-
edly and abandoned Jackson when he was
at his most vulnerable - under the anes-
thesia that Murray administered in an un-
orthodox effort to induce sleep. It should
be made very clear that experimental medi-
cine is not going to be tolerated, and Mr.
Jackson was an experiment, he said.
Propofol is supposed to be used in hos-
pital settings and has never been approved
for sleep treatments, yet Murray acknowl-
edged giving it to Jackson then leaving the
room on the day the singer died. As for
defense arguments that Jackson tempted
his own fate when he demanded propofol,
Pastor said, Dr. Murray could have walked
away and said no as countless others did.
But Dr. Murray was intrigued with the pros-
pect of this money for medicine madness.
Pastor said Mur-
ray was motivated by a
desire for money, fame
and prestige and cared
more about himself than
Jackson. The doctor was
deeply in debt when he
agreed to serve as Jack-
sons personal physician
for $150,000 a month
during his comeback
tour. The singer, how-
ever, died before Murray
received any money.
There are those who feel Dr. Mur-
ray is a saint and those who feel he is the
devil, Pastor said. He is neither. He is
a human being who caused the death of
another human being. Defense attorney
Ed Chernoff implored Pastor to look at
Murrays life and give him credit for a ca-
reer of good works. I do wonder whether
the court considers the book of a mans
life, not just one chapter, Chernoff said.
The judge responded: I accept Mr.
Chernoffs invitation to read the whole
book of Dr. Murrays life. But I also read
the book of Michael Jacksons life, in-
cluding the sad nal chapter of Dr. Mur-
rays treatment of Michael Jackson.
Chernoff suggested that Murray is
being punished enough by the stigma of
having caused Jacksons death. Wheth-
er Dr. Murray is a barista or a greeter at
Walmart, he is still the man that killed Mi-
chael Jackson, he said. The judge said one
of the most disturbing aspects of Murrays
case was a slurred recording of Jackson re-
covered from the doctors cellphone. His
speech was barely intelligible and Murray
would say later Jackson was under the in-
uence of propofol. Los Angeles AP
Herman Cain
Dr. Conrad Murray




Inthisundatedphotographreleasedby Maureen
Stevens, she is seen with her husband, Robert.