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Editorial Manager(tm) for IWA Conferences Manuscript Draft Manuscript Number: IWA-2015 Title: A New Combined Upflow Anaerobic

Sludge Blanket(UASB) and Membrane Bioreactor (MBR) Process for Wastewater Treatmentin Warm Climatic Conditions Article Type: Outline Paper for Oral Presentation Keywords: UASB; Membrane bioreactor; nutrient removal; methane generation; saving energy Corresponding Author: Dr Yan Pui Moy, Ph.D. Corresponding Author's Institution: Institute of Environmental Science and Engineering First Author: Fook Sin Wong Order of Authors: Fook Sin Wong; Song Lin; Yan Pui Moy ; Wei Fang; Yingyu An Manuscript Region of Origin: SINGAPORE

Outline paper for Oral Presentation

A New Combined Upflow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket(UASB) and Membrane Bioreactor (MBR) Process for Wastewater Treatment in Warm Climatic Conditions

Fook Sin Wong, Song Lin, Yan Pui Moy, Wei Fang and Yingyu An Institute of Environmental Science and Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Innovation Centre, 637723 Singapore, Singapore Keywords: UASB; Membrane bioreactor; nutrient removal; methane generation; saving energy

This research is to develop a novel technique in operating a combined anaerobic biological / membrane filtration system for wastewater treatment. The method utilizes a shortcut route in nitrogen removal. This reduces oxygen requirement resulting in energy savings with less aeration and also lower carbon requirement with unconsumed carbon used for methane generation. This can be applied to the treatment of wastewater more economically, with the methane produced used for power generation. Laboratory testwork has produced promising results and a pilot trial being conducted shows significant advantages over currently used methods for treating wastewater in warm climatic zones. The major advantages include reduced power usage, reduced green-house gas production, useful methane gas is produced that can be converted to power, the plant requires less space and produces almost zero sludge. BACKGROUND Anaerobic treatment of wastewater can achieve several benefits, such as low energy cost as no aeration is required, less sludge production due to slow growth of anaerobic bacteria, and favorable energy recovery due to biogas production. Anaerobic treatment of wastewater will also produce lower green house gas emissions. Adoption of anaerobic treatment process in a tropical region is more advantageous because of favorable temperature conditions for anaerobic bacteria. Additionally, application of membrane techniques for biosolids separation can provide superior effluent quality with a smaller footprint. Therefore, a combination of these two techniques will provide an opportunity for the simultaneous removal of carbon and nitrogen with a high quality effluent. A combined UASB and MBR system provides a possibility to perform nitrification and denitrification via nitrite rather than nitrate, which is called a shortcut nitrification-denitrification process (An et al., 2008). In this process, it will be convenient to produce a partial nitrification up to nitrite and then denitrification starting from this nitrite (Figure 1, Ciudad et al., 2005). The pre-UASB is specially designed not only to retain a high carbon level for denitrification via nitrite and for methanogenesis but also ensures low C/N ratio effluent feeding to the MBR to perform partial nitrification. This hybrid technology has attracted attention because it offers several advantages over conventional biological nitrogen removal via nitrate, such as 25% of savings oxygen consumption in theory, 40% carbon resource savings on the denitrification step, 1.5 - 2.0 times higher denitrification rate (two advantages

that will benefit in improved biogas production), lower sludge production, lower CO2 emission and reduce space requirement (Peng and Zhu, 2006)

Figure 1. Nitrification and Denitrification Process

METHOD A laboratory and pilot scale shortcut nitrification-denitrification system used consisted of an up-flow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) and a low sludge concentration aerobic membrane bioreactor (MBR) for the simultaneous organic carbon and nitrogen removal. Wastewater was fed into the UASB bottom directly with effluent flowing into the MBR through an overflow line. MBR mixed liquor was recycled back to the bottom of the UASB at optimum recirculation ratio. High quality permeate was continuously recovered from the MBR by a constant flux suction operation which was regulated by a level sensor to provide a similar feed flow rate. RESULT A lab-scale UASB-MBR was operated for treating synthetic wastewater and it exhibited a high TOC removal of 98% throughout the whole operation and the permeate TOC was usually below 3 mg/L. Consistent ammonia removal efficiency of about 98.2% to 5 mg/L was achieved regardless with final effluent TN concentration achieved.. An acceptable biogas with 51% methane was obtained in a prolonged experiment with synthetic wastewater. In operation using municipal wastewater, the removal rates of TOC and TN achieved were 80% and 70%, respectively, with a final effluent at 5mg/L and 8 mg/L. The mentioned advantages can make the combined system very attractive with a potential for commercialization for treatment of wastewater. As laboratory testwork have produced promising results a pilot trial is being conducted to prove up the process. Results on optimization of operating conditions to achieve high quality effluent (including HRT, recirculation rate, aeration rate, SRT and organic loading); membrane fouling control in aerobic MBR system; energy conservation and a cost minimization strategy will be reported in the full paper in detail. REFERENCES
An, Y. Y., Yang, F. L., Chua, H. C., Wong, F. S. and Wu, B. (2008) The integration of methanogenesis with shortcut nitrification and denitrification in a combined ASB with MBR. Biores. Tech. 99, 3714-3720 Ciudad, G. Rubilar, O., Muoz, P., Ruiz, G., Chamy, R. Vergara, C. and Jeison, D. (2005) Partial nitrification of high ammonia concentration wastewater as a part of shortcut biological nitrogen removal process. Process Biochemistry. 40: 1715-1719. Peng, Y., Zhu, G., 2006. Biological ntrogen removal with nitrification and denitrification via nitrite pathway. Appl. Microb. Biotechnol. 73 (1), 1526.