Cloud 101

Gordon Haff Red Hat Product Marketing June 16, 2010



“...a model for enabling convenient, ondemand network access to a shared pool of configurable computing resources (e.g., networks, servers, storage, applications, and services) that can be rapidly provisioned and released with minimal management effort or service provider interaction.”
- National Institute of Standards & Technology (NIST)


WHERE CLOUDS ARE HEADED Resource abstraction and pooling Network-centric Simple. fast provisioning of resources Elastically provisioned resources Utility pricing 3 .


and logical application “wiring” Examples: Most private clouds.IaaS (Infrastructure as a Service) Provision processing. networking. IBM Cloud 5 . and other computing resources Deployer configures and maintains operating systems. storage. Amazon Web Services. other software.

com 6 . Force.g. scaling with grid) Examples: Google App Engine. app server services) Simplify operations (e.PaaS (Platform as a Service) Typically additional services/abstraction layered on IaaS foundation Simplify development (e.g.

Intuit QuickBooks Online) 7 .SaaS (Software as a Service) Direct consumption of an application by end users No inherent relationship to IaaS or PaaS but underlying infrastructure affects reliability and scalability of service Examples:

compliance requirements. 8 .Operated solely for a single organization Typically internally hosted but may be operated by a third-party Provides the greatest degree of control over service levels. etc.

Infrastructure or platform made available to general public or large industry group Limited view into and control of the underlying physical infrastructure’s location and type Applications run in a shared. multi-tenant environment with those of other organizations 9 .

Term typically used to refer to a blending of public and private clouds Typical use case is utilizing a public cloud as overflow capacity for a private cloud Assumes level of interoperability between private and public implementations 10 .

11 . It’s about solving business problems.But this isn’t ultimately about definitions.

THE MOST POWERFUL SHIFT IN ENTERPRISE COMPUTING IN THE LAST DECADE Provide new services despite budget limits Increase enterprise agility Bond more tightly with customers Improve service levels Reduce capital requirements Increase operational efficiency THE CLOUD IS THE SOLUTION 12 .

13 . based on infrequently used peak demand. Responding slowly to business opportunities or threats because it takes a long time to add or change apps and infrastructure. installing. Purchasing. Maintaining it for years to come.WHAT DOES THE CLOUD REALLY MEAN TO YOU ENDING WASTE The old way: Overbuying computing capacity. Having to manage and support many different infrastructure platforms. and provisioning a server for each new request in the organization.

Using IT to drive innovation and respond to changes in the business. without having to replace them. 14 . Meeting SLAs by using all available computing resources to meet users' requirements.WHAT DOES THE CLOUD REALLY MEAN TO YOU SEIZING OPPORTUNITY The new way: Buying computing capacity as you need it. when you need it Responding to demand for new services in minutes. not months. Efficiently managing the diverse systems and platforms you already have.

elasticity. It builds on. which is better described by words like hardwired. virtualization. manual.WHAT’S NEW ABOUT THE CLOUD Cloud computing is a collection of technologies that infuse characteristics like abstraction. and adds automation to. and static. and dynamic into traditional computing. fixed. 15 . automated.

WHO BUYS AND SELLS CLOUD Infrastructure suppliers (Red Hat) Sell to Enterprise IT (to build private clouds) Sell to public cloud providers (to build public clouds) Sell to ISVs (to operate hosted SaaS) Resellers 16 .

WHO BUYS AND SELLS CLOUD Buys infrastructure hardware and software Public Cloud Provider Sells computing resources to enterprise IT and developers End-users may consume public clouds indirectly through SaaS 17 .

WHO BUYS AND SELLS CLOUD Buy infrastructure hardware and software Sell cloud directly in form of SaaS Developers ISVs Sell cloud through public cloud provider as SaaS Buy public cloud resources for dev/test and/or SaaS 18 .

WHO BUYS AND SELLS CLOUD Buy infrastructure hardware and software to deploy private clouds Enterprise IT Buy public cloud resources for overflow capacity or other purposes 19 .

Questioning the Cloud Is it safe? Is it rip-and-replace? Will it lock me in? Will the service perform as promised? 20 .

One Size Doesn’t Fit All Security and compliance IT skills Scale of IT Integration requirements Service level and performance needs Nature of the application 21 .

not revolution No other vendor has the breadth of software needed to build open clouds Open source delivers more innovation. reach.RED HAT'S CLOUD COMPUTING VISION Create the data center of the future That is open and interoperable That preserves existing IT investments Based on rock-solid infrastructure software Complexity of configuring services disappears Users get what they need when they need it Red Hat is building the foundations of real clouds today Adopt the cloud at your own pace: evolution. and value than any monolithic stack . flexibility.


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