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CHAPTER I GREETINGS AND LEAVE TAKINGS A.

GREETINGS To greet means to welcome someone with particular words or a particular action, or to react something in the stated way. a. Formal greetings and responses Greetings Good morning Good day/noon Good afternoon Good evening Hello Im so happy to see you again How are you? Hi, hows life? Whats news? Hows everything? Hows business? How do you do? b. Informal greetings and responses Greetings Hi Hows life? Whats up? Good to see you. How are things with you? Responses Good morning Good day/noon Good afternoon Good evening Hello Happy to see you too Im all right, thanks Im fine thank you Im well thanks Im fine thanks Im very well thank you How do you do

Responses Hi Not much/ just fine Pretty good/great, thanks Just fine, thanks Not bad, thanks

B. LEAVE TAKINGS Leave takings or parting is an act of saying good bye, usually at the end of relationship. a. Formal Leave takings and responses Leave takings Responses Good night Good night Good bye Bye Stay/keep in touch Sure I will It was nice meeting you Good bye Its been nice talking to you Thank, see you I hope to see you tomorrow Ill call you soon Give my regard to .. See you

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b. Informal Leave takings and responses Leave taking Responses Bye Bye See you See you later Take care So long I got to now See you again Sorry, I have to go now. See you at school Take care Talk to you later Practice the conversations follows with your friend! Conversation 1 Rahman : Hello, Lusi. Nice to see you again. Lusi : Nice to see you too, Rahman. Rahman : How are you doing? Lus : Pretty well, thanks. Rahman : How is Ahmad? Lusi : Hes fine, thank you. Conversation 2 Lusi : Good morning, sir. Teacher : Good morning, Lusi. How are you? Lusi : Im very well, thank you. Teacher : What are you doing here in the hospital? Lusi : I am going to visit my neighbor. She has just delivered a baby. Teacher : I see. Are you alone? Lusi : No, Im with my Mom. There she comes. Im sorry, I have to go now. Good bye, sir. Teacher : Good bye, Lusi. See you at school tomorrow. Conversation 3 Mr. Effendhy : Good afternoon, Mr. Sarkey. How are you? Mr. Sarkey : Very well. Thank you. How are you? Mr. effendhy : Im fine, too. How is your family? Mr. Sarkey : They are fine. Thank you. Hows business? Mr. Effendhy : Its going up this year. Thanks. Mr. Sarkey : Glad to hear that. Oh, there comes Mr. Abdullah. Sorry, I have to see him before the meeting. Ill talk to you later. Mr. Effendhy : Sure. See you. EXERCISES Complete the dialogues below with the expressions you have learned and practice speaking them out! 1. Situation : You meet a your friend , Baskara, in the street. You : Hi, Baska. .. Baskara : You : Baskara :
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2. You meet your English teacher, Mr. Firdaus, in a book store. Its 4 pm. You : ., Mr. Firdaus. Mr. Firdaus : ., ? You : Mr. Firdaus : Are you going to buy some books? You : .................... Mr. Firdaus : . You : 3. Mr. Iskandar : Good morning, Baskara. How are you? Baskara : , ..? Mr. Iskandar : .. How is your family? Baskara : .., thank you. Mr. Iskandar : Im sorry, but I really have to go now. Its been nice talking to you Baskara : See you some time. Mr. Iskandar : 4. Renata : Hi, Lita. Talita : , .? Renata : . And you? Talita : . Hows work? Renata : Would you like to have a cup of tea? Talita : Id love to but .. I have a lot work to do. Ill call you this afternoon. Renata : . Take care. Talita : Thanks. You too.

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CHAPTER II INTRODUCING Introducing is used to make a closer conversation with other people weve never met before. Here are some expressions of introducing. A. INTRODUCING YOURSELF TO OTHER PEOPLE a. Formal intruduction y I want to introduce myself to you, my name is Affandy y I wuold like to introduce myself to you, my full name is Yuniza Rahmatika y May I introduce myself to you, my name is carlo. y How do you do, Im Rizky Responses y Hello, its nice to meet you, Im Marry Smith y Hello, its nice to see you, my name is Low chung y Hello, Im pleased to meet you, Im Maria. Im Maria Lopezz b. Informal introduction y Hello, Im Anita Hi, its nice to meet you y Hi, my name is Santy nice to meet you/nice to see you y Whats your name? my name is John Practice the dialog with your friend. Dialogue 1 Baskara : Excuse me. I dont think we have met, Im Baskara Renata : Hello. Im Renata. Baskara : Nice to meet you, Renata. Renata : Nice to meet you. Dialogue 2 Peter : hello friend, I would like to introduce myself, my name is Peter Carlo : hello, Im Carlo Peter : nice to meet you, carlo Carlo : nice to meet you too, Peter Peter : where are you from? Carlo : Im from England Peter : thank you, and good bye Carlo : you are welcome, bye Dialogue 3 Talita : Im sorry. I dont think weve met. My name is Talita Yuwono. Rafael : Hi. Im Rafael Romero. Im a new member in this gym. Im pleased to meet you. Talita : Pleased to meet you too. Have you met the other members? Rafael : Not yet. You are the first. Talita : Come with me, then. Ill introduce you to them.
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Rafael : Thanks. I appreciate that. B. INTRODUCING SOMEONE y I want to introduce my friend to you, his name is Peter y Id like to introduce my sister, her name is Ayu y May I introduce my wife/ to you? Her name is Liana y Let me introduce my brother to you, his name is Hong Cen y This is my new friend Betty. C. THE EXPRESSIONS USED IN INTRODUCTION The expressions: Responses: How do yo do? How do yo do? Nice to meet you Nice to meet you too Glad to see you Glad to see you too Pleasure to meet you Pleasure to meet you too Its lovely to meet you Its lovely to meet you too Im hapyy/glad to see you Im hapyy/glad to see you too Practice the dialogue with your friend! Dialugue 1 Talita : Thats Baskara. Do you know him? Renata : No, I dont. Talita : Hello, Baska. Baskara : Hello, Lita. Talita : Baska, this is a friend of mine, Renata Simamora. Baskara : Hello. Pleased to meet you. Renata : Hi, pleased to meet you too. : Mr. Iskandar, let me introduce you to Mr. Hardono of Java Tour. Mr. Hardono, this is Mr. Iskandar, our Marketing Manager. Mr. Iskandar : How do you do? Mr.Hardono : How do you do? Its very nice to meet you. Mr. Iskandar : Its nice to meet you too. Exercise Complete these dialogues using the expressions you have learned and practice speaking them out! 1. Talita : Thats Baskara ...........................? Renata : No, I havent. Talita : Hi, Baska. Hows everything? Baskara : ...........................................................? Talita : ................., thanks. Baska, ........................, Renata. Baskara : Hi, ........................................., Renata. Renata : .........................................
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Dialogue 2 Talita

2. Rafael : Excuse me, .................................. My name is Rafael Romero. Talita : How do you do, Mr. Romero? .............. Rafael : ............................., Ms.Yuwono? ................. Talita : Me, too. Are you a new employee here? Rafael : Yes, I am. Ive just moved from the main office. Talita : ...................................., then. 3. Mr. Iskandar : Good morning, Mr. Hardono. How are you? Mr. Hardono : ............................... How about you? Mr. Iskandar : ............................. I dont think you have met my secretary, Ms. Talita Yuwono. Talita, this is Mr. Hardono. Mr. Hardono : ..............................? Talita : .........................................................?...................... Mr. Hardono : ....................................... Read the text below and answer the questions! Good afternoon, fellows. May I introduce myself? My name is Rafael Romero. Just call me Rafa. I was born in Mexico, but my parents moved to the USA when I was young, so I'm an American. I speak both English and Spanish. I come to Indonesia to learn about the culture because I like dancing traditional dances. I dream to be a professional dancer one day. I live in Bantul, a small town southward Yogyakarta. I'm glad to know you all and hope that I can get help from you especially in speaking Indonesian. Thank you. 1. Who is introducing himself? 2. Where was he born? 3. Where do his parents live? 4. Does he speak Spanish? 5. What does he do in Indonesia? 6. Is he a student or a teacher? 7. Does he like dancing traditional or modern dances? 8. What does he want to be? 9. Where is Bantul located? 10. What does he expect from his new friends? D. GRAMMAR FOCUS a. Personal Pronouns 1. I am Baskara. 2. Let me introduce you to Mr. Smith. 3. Renata is my friend. 4. Renata is a friend of mine. The italic words are personal pronouns. This table shows the complete forms. Subject I Object Me Possesive adjective My Possessive pronoun Mine Reflexive pronoun Myself
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You He She It We They Talita Bojes Tita and Rena

You Him Her It Us Them Her His Them

Your His Her Its Our Their Her ( Talitas ) His ( Bojes) Their

Yours His Hers Ours Theirs Hers His Theirs

Yourself Himself Herself Itself Ourselves Themselves Herself Himself Themselves

b. The simple present tense: to be 1. How are you? 2. Im fine, thanks. 3.How is your family? 4.They are very well, thank you. 5. These are my friends, Surya and Nyoman. They are waiters. The italic words are TO BE This table shows the forms of TO BE : Affirmative Full Short I am I'm You are You're He is He's She is She's It is It's We are We're They are They're This is That is That's Negative Full I am not You are not He is not She is not It is not We are not They are not This is not That is not Short You aren't He isn't She isn't It isn't We aren't They aren't This isn't That isn't Interogative Am I? Are you? Is he? Is she? Is it? Are we? Are they? Is this? Is that?

Exercises Fill in the blanks with the appropriate forms of TO BE. 1. This ..... Rumpita Hotel. It ..... a business hotel. I ..... the marketing manager. My name ..... Toni Sartono. There ..... 40 double rooms and 20 single rooms in our hotel. There ..... a restaurant where you can have breakfast. We ..... glad to welcome you in our hotel. 2. Those pretty girls ..... Talita and Renata. They ..... employees of Rumpita Hotel. ..... they at the same department? No, they ..... Talita ..... a receptionist and Renata ..... a waitress. 3. What ..... your name? What ..... your address? These questions ..... often asked to you in an interview. There ..... a lot more questions possibly asked, such as: where your parents? what ..... your fathers name? ..... your mother a house wife? ..... you a graduate of a vocational school? And many more. The answer for the last question
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might be: Yes, I ..... if you are a graduate of a vocational school or: No, I ..... if you arent. c. The Simple Present Tense: Verb 1 1. I live in Bantul. 2. We have a new member. 3. Do you know Baskara? 4. I dont think we have met. When talking about facts (they stay the same for a long time) and habits (they happen again and again) we use THE SIMPLE PRESENT. The verb is the simple form of verb. In positive form, when the subject is a third singular person (Talita, she, he) and it suffix s/es is added to the verb. In negative and interrogative, does is used for the third singular person, and do is used for the others. it), suffix s/es is added to the verb. In negative and interrogative, does is used for the third singular person, and do is used for the others. Look at the examples. 1. Talita works in Rumpita Hotel 2. She has the competency to perform well at work. 3. Does she speak English? 4. Certainly, but she doesnt speak Japanese. 5. We live in Indonesia. 6. More people stay in our hotel on weekends. 7. They usually come with their family. 8. Do they always spend much money in the hotel restaurant? 9. No. They usually dont spend much money on food. 10. A receptionist welcomes guests in a hotel or an office. Notes: y In positive form, when the subject is a third singular person (Talita, she, he, it), suffix s/es is added to the verb. y In negative and interrogative, does is used for the third singular person, and do is used for the others. EXERCISES Put the verbs in brackets into the correct forms. 1. The chemist (not sell) drugs without doctors prescription. 2. What time the film in theatre 3 .. (begin)? 3. .. you (have) your identity card with you? 4. Im sorry, sir. We .. (not give) discount for payment by credit card. 5. The restaurant (not serve) Indonesian food. Its a Chinese restaurant. 6. How long it .. (take) to fly to Surabaya? 7. Tourists always . (enjoy) the tour Dieng plateau. 8. .. the service station ( open) on Sunday? 9. What an office boy (do) in an office? 10. The students orchestra always . (perform)
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CHAPTER III THANKING AND APOLOGIZING A. THANKING Thanking is to express that you are pleased or grateful about appreciate something other people have done. Expressions of thanking and responses: Thank you for (formal) I appereciate your kidness Many thanks (informal) Thank you for your kidness How very kind of you Thanks a lot Thank you very much Practice these dialogue with your partner! 1. Jack : These flowers are for you. Jane : Thanks a lot. Theyre very nice. Jack : Youre welcome. 2. Talita : Thank you for the brooch you gave me for the birthday gift. Its just what I wanted. Renata : Im glad you like it. 3. Anna : Thanks for taking me home. Jimmy : Thats OK. 4. Guest : It was very kind of you to help me to find my luggage. Ayu : It was my pleasure. EXERCISES You are welcome Thats all right Dont mention it Never mind Not at all

Complete these dialogues using the expressions you have learned!


1. Baskara : This is a little gift I bought for you. Talita : ...................................., .................. 2. Renata : your helping me finish the weekly report. Baskara : .............................................. 3. Receptionist : ........................ staying with us in our hotel. Renata : ................................................. 4. Mrs. Iskandar : ............................. invite us for the wonderful dinner. Mrs. Hermawan : ............................ I hope youll come and see us again. Mrs. Iskandar : ........................................................

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Some phrase used to thank a colleague in writing : I just wanted to write and thank you for your help in/with/at This is just a qiuck email to show my appereciation for your support.

The other form of socialization related to thanking is congratulation. This is used to response when someone gets something good in their life. Some expressions of congratulations and the responses. y y y Congratulation Fantastic Well done/nice : Thank you : its nice of you say so : thank you very much for saying that.

B. APOLOGIZING The function of apology is to show regret for make mistakes they have been made and offer an explanation or remedy. Here are some expressions of apolgizing and the responses: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Forgive me. Im very sory about .. Im very sorry. I didnt mean to .. Im terribly sorry about I regret to tell you that .. I apologize for .. : Thats Ok : Dont worry : its all right : It doesnt matter : never mind

Practice these dialogues aloud in pairs. 1. In a classroom Edo : Good morning, sir. Mr.Efendy : Morning, Edo. Edo : I would like to apologize for being late to class. Mr.Efendy : Why do you come late? Edo : My motorbike had a flat tyre on the way to school. Mr. Efendy : Its OK this time. Please be on time in the future. Edo : Yes, I will. Thank you, sir. 2. In a meeting. Manager : Were sorry to have the meeting here. We know that its not comfortable here, but we have no choice. The meeting room is being renovated. Guest : Thats all right, we completely understand . Manager : Thank you. 3. In classroom Lisa : Sorry, I forgot to bring your magazine back. Ani : No problem, I have finished reading it and you may give it back to me next time. Lisa : Thanks.

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EXERCISES Complete these dialogues and practice them with your partner! 1. In a restaurant. Girl : Id like some vanilla ice cream, please. Waiter : I ____________. We dont have any vanilla left. Girl : Then Ill have some strawberry, please. Waiter : Im sorry, Miss. _________________ strawberry, either. Girl : Then, ___________ have? Waiter : Only chocolate and orange. Girl : Ill have chocolate please. 2. In classroom. Hendra : Whats up, buddy? You __________. Aldo : Ive scratched Gadings new mobile phone. Hendra : Oh, thats too bad. Did you pay for the damage? Aldo : No, he has forgiven me, but I _____ guilty myself.

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CHAPTER IV DESCRIBING TINGS, PEOPLES AND EVENTS A. DESCRIBING THINGS 1. Colours a. Some kinds of colours are: Blue : biru Red : merah Black : hitam Green : hijau Grey : abu Brown : cokelat Orange : oranye purple : ungu

White Yellow Pink

: putih : kuning : merah muda

b. Asking the colour What colour is it? It is red What colour is our flag? Its red and white What colours are your school uniform? They are grey, white and brown. c. Listen to your teacher and repeat! y The circle is red. It is a red circle. y The square is blue. It is a blue square. y The triangle is yellow. It is a yellow triangle. y The rectangle is green. It is a green rectangle. y The wall is orange. It is an orange wall. y The oval is white. It is a white oval. y The cylinder is black. It is a black cylinder. y The pentagon is grey. It is a grey pentagon. y The grape is purple. It is a purple grape. y The box is brown. It is a brown box. d. Exercise Answer these questions! 1. What colours are banana leaves? 2. What colour is the sky? 3. What coluor is your skin? 4. What colour are your hairs? 5. What colour of your school uniform on Saturday? 2. Quality a. Some adjectives to show quality are: Soft : halus rough : kasar Beautiful bad : jelek Hard : keras lovely b. Asking the quality Whats the quality of you watch? Its good Whats the quality of this picture? Its bad c. Listen to your teacher and repeat.

: cantik : indah

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y The flowers are beautiful. They are beautiful flowers. y The suitcase is good. It is a good suitcase. y The chairs are broken. They are broken chairs. y The picture is bad. It is a bad picture. y The butterfly is lovely. It is a lovely butterfly. d. Exercise Make short dialog to ask the quality! Example: table/ good Whats the quality of this table? Its good 1. Book/bad 2. Bag/nice 3. Flowers/beautiful 3. Size a. Some adjectives to show size are: Big : besar small : kecil Medium: pertengahan large : luas Tiny : kecil/kurus huge : besar Little : kecil fat : gemuk Heavy : berat ,etc. b. Asking the size How big is your house? Its very big. What size are your shoes? They are medium. c. Listen to your teacher and repeat! y Elephant is a big animal y His body is fat. He is a fat boy y My sisters body is slim, she is a slim girl y The dictionary is thick. Its a thick dictionary. y The notebook is thin. Its a thin notebook. y The road is long. Its a long road d. Exercise Make short dialog to ask the size! Example : T-shirt/ small What size is your T-shirt? It small 1. Shoes/medium 2. Room/very large 3. Trouser/XL 4. Shape a. Some adjectives to show shape are: Square Circle/circular : persegi empat : bulat/lingkaran ruond/spherical rectangular : bundar : bujur sangkar
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Cube Conical Oval

: kubus : kerucut : bulat lonjong

triangular : segi tiga semi circular : setengah lingkaran etc.

b. Asking the shape What shape is the earth? Its round What shape are the tiles? Theyre square. c. Listen to your teacher an repeat! y The coins are circular. Theyre circular coins. y The ball is spherical. Its a spherical ball. y The plates are oval. Theyre oval plates. y The chessboard is square. Its a square chessboard. y The protractor is semicircular. Its a semicircular protractor. y The pipe is cylindrical. Its a cylindrical pipe. y The door is rectangular. Its a rectangular door. y The box is cubic. Its a cubic box. y The ice cream is conical. Its a conical ice cream. d. Exercise Fill in the blank with suitable words to ask the shape! 1. ________ is the table? Its square 2. What shape is the ball? Its ________ 3. ________ are the egg? ____ ____ ______ 5. Material a. Some adjective to show the material Wooden : kayu leather glass : kaca Silver Cotton : kapas rubber iron : besi Copper

: kulit : perak : karet : tembaga

Plastic : plastic golden : emas Paper : kertas stone : batu

b. Asking the material What is your shoes made of? Its made of leather What are the clothes made of? They are made of cotton c. Listen to your teacher and repeat! 1. These shoes are made of leather. Theyre leather shoes. 2. This kite is made of paper. Its a paper kite. 3. Those T-shirts are made of cotton. Theyre cotton T-shirts. 4. That tyre is made of rubber. Its a rubber tyre. 5. These cupboards are made of wood. Theyre wooden cupboards. d. Exercise Make short dialog to ask the material Example : your belt/ leather
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1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Whats your belt made of? Bag/cotton Tires/rubber Your necklacce/gold The statue/stone Newspaper/paper

Its made of leather, its leather belt

6. Age Some adjective to show the age Old : tua/lama young : muda new : baru Middle age : separuh umur aged : berumur/tua Example: y This is an old stamp y I bought a new dictionary yesterday y It is an old tample y The mousque is middle age 7. Origin Some adjective to show the origin of things Indian, American, Indonesian, Arabic, Chinese, japanese, etc. Example: y I llike Japanese food, but I dislike chinese food y It is indonesian batik y Do you like arabic date? y They are american aples y 8. Describing People a. Profession Profession is any type of work which needs special training or a particular skill. Profession is similar to job. 1. Kinds of job and place of work Kinds of job Places of work Teacher Student Driver, taxi driver, bus driver Doctor Dentist Surgeon Nurse Postman Policeman/woman Librarian : School : School : Car, taxi, bus : Hospital : Hospital : Hospital : Hospital : Post office : Police station, street : Library
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Pilot Stewardess Farmer Gardener Journalist Singer

: Plane : Plane : Rice field : Garden : Everywhere : Stage, studio, etc

2. Asking about job y What are you? Im a student y What is your job? My job is docctor y What do you do? Im an artist y What is he/she? He/shes a teacher y What is your fathers job? He is a director, etc y What does he/she do? He/she is a librarian Listen to your teacher and repeat. y Hes a teacher. y Theyre waiters. y Shes a secretary. y Theyre policemen. y Theyre nurses. y Shes a doctor. y Hes a postman. y Theyre singers. y Hes a dentist. y Hes a student. b. Country and Nationality 1. List of ountries, nationalities and languages. Country Nationality Language(s) Australia Australian English Britain British English Canada Canadian English or French China Chinese Mandarin Denmark Danish Danish Egypt Egyptian Arabic England English English France French French Germany German German Italy Italian Italian Japan Japanese Japanese Spain Spanish Spanish Switzerland Swiss French/German/Italian The Netherlland Dutch Dutch The UK British English
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The USA

American

English

2. Asking about Country and Nationality y Where are you from? y Where do you come from? y What is your Nationality? y What nationality are you? Listen to your teacher and repeat. Hes from Indonesia. Hes Indonesian. Theyre from China. Theyre Chinese. Shes from Japan. Shes Japanese. Theyre from Saudi Arabia. Theyre Arab. Hes from Spain. Hes Spanish. Shes from England. Shes English. Theyre from the USA. Theyre American. Theyre from India. Theyre Indian. Hes from the Netherlands. Hes Dutch. Shes from France. Shes French. 3. Describing People 9. Describing Events a. Asking and Telling Times b. Asking and Telling days c. Asking and Telling, Date, Month, Year d. Preposition of time

Im from Japan I come from Italy Im indonesian Im American

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