This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
GREETINGS To greet means to welcome someone with particular words or a particular action, or to react something in the stated way. a. Formal greetings and responses Greetings Good morning Good day/noon Good afternoon Good evening Hello I¶m so happy to see you again How are you? Hi, how¶s life? What¶s news? How¶s everything? How¶s business? How do you do? b. Informal greetings and responses Greetings Hi How¶s life? What¶s up? Good to see you. How are things with you? Responses Good morning Good day/noon Good afternoon Good evening Hello Happy to see you too I¶m all right, thanks I¶m fine thank you I¶m well thanks I¶m fine thanks I¶m very well thank you How do you do
Responses Hi Not much/ just fine Pretty good/great, thanks Just fine, thanks Not bad, thanks
B. LEAVE TAKINGS Leave takings or parting is an act of saying good bye, usually at the end of relationship. a. Formal Leave takings and responses Leave takings Responses Good night Good night Good bye Bye Stay/keep in touch Sure I will It was nice meeting you Good bye It¶s been nice talking to you Thank, see you I hope to see you tomorrow I¶ll call you soon Give my regard to «.. See you
Modul Bahasa Inggris SMK/X by SARKI EFENDI
Conversation 2 Lusi : Good morning. Baskara : ««««««««««««« You : ««««««««««««« Baskara : ««««««««««««« Modul Bahasa Inggris SMK/X by SARKI EFENDI 2 . I¶m with my Mom. There she comes. Lusi : Nice to see you too. ««««««««. Good bye. Conversation 3 Mr. How are you? Lusi : I¶m very well. Thank you. Rahman. thank you. How are you? Mr. Thanks. Sarkey : Glad to hear that. How are you? Mr. See you at school Take care Talk to you later Practice the conversations follows with your friend! Conversation 1 Rahman : Hello. I have to go now. Mr. EXERCISES Complete the dialogues below with the expressions you have learned and practice speaking them out! 1. Rahman : How is Ahmad? Lusi : He¶s fine. Effendhy : Sure. How¶s business? Mr. Thank you. Mr. Teacher : What are you doing here in the hospital? Lusi : I am going to visit my neighbor. Are you alone? Lusi : No. effendhy : I¶m fine. Mr. in the street. Rahman : How are you doing? Lus : Pretty well. I have to go now. Abdullah. Baska. sir. too. thank you. She has just delivered a baby. You : Hi. Effendhy : Good afternoon. Teacher : Good bye.. Effendhy : It¶s going up this year. there comes Mr. Informal Leave takings and responses Leave taking Responses Bye Bye See you See you later Take care So long I got to now See you again Sorry. Baskara. Lusi. thanks. Sorry.b. Lusi. sir. Sarkey : Very well. Situation : You meet a your friend . How is your family? Mr. I¶ll talk to you later. Sarkey. I have to see him before the meeting. Nice to see you again. Oh. See you. Sarkey : They are fine. Teacher : Good morning. Lusi. Teacher : I see. See you at school tomorrow. I¶m sorry.
Mr. Iskandar : I¶m sorry. Modul Bahasa Inggris SMK/X by SARKI EFENDI 3 . Mr..... Firdaus : «««««««... Mr... Take care. How is your family? Baskara : «««««««««. but I really have to go now. in a book store..? Mr. ««««««««? You : «««««««««««««««« Mr.. Iskandar : «««««««««.. I have a lot work to do.. Mr.. I¶ll call you this afternoon. Mr. thank you. Lita. You too. Renata : ««««««««. How¶s work? Renata : ««««««««« Would you like to have a cup of tea? Talita : I¶d love to but «««««. Iskandar : Good morning. How are you? Baskara : ««««««««.... You : ««««««««««. Mr. Firdaus. Talita : Thanks. You : «««««««««««««««« 3. Firdaus : Are you going to buy some books? You : «««««««««««. It¶s been nice talking to you Baskara : ««««««««« See you some time. It¶s 4 pm... You meet your English teacher.. Mr. Renata : Hi.. ««««««.. Firdaus : ««««««««««««««««...2. Firdaus. Talita : ««««««««..? Renata : ««««««««... Baskara. ««««««««. Iskandar : «««««««««««« 4. And you? Talita : ««««««««.
Renata. I¶ll introduce you to them. I¶m a new member in this gym. Dialogue 2 Peter : hello friend. You are the first. Renata : Nice to meet you. I¶m Rizky Responses y Hello. and good bye Carlo : you are welcome. I¶m Maria. bye« Dialogue 3 Talita : I¶m sorry. I¶m Marry Smith y Hello. Formal intruduction y I want to introduce myself to you. I¶m Maria Lopezz b. it¶s nice to meet you y Hi. I don¶t think we¶ve met. it¶s nice to meet you. Baskara : Nice to meet you. my name is Santy nice to meet you/nice to see you y What¶s your name? my name is John Practice the dialog with your friend. then. I¶m Rafael Romero. my name is Peter Carlo : hello. Modul Bahasa Inggris SMK/X by SARKI EFENDI 4 . I¶m Renata. my name is carlo. y How do you do. I¶m Anita Hi. carlo Carlo : nice to meet you too. Rafael : Hi. I¶m pleased to meet you. it¶s nice to see you.CHAPTER II INTRODUCING Introducing is used to make a closer conversation with other people we¶ve never met before. Here are some expressions of introducing. Talita : Come with me. I¶m Carlo Peter : nice to meet you. INTRODUCING YOURSELF TO OTHER PEOPLE a. A. I¶m pleased to meet you. my full name is Yuniza Rahmatika y May I introduce myself to you. my name is Affandy y I wuold like to introduce myself to you. Have you met the other members? Rafael : Not yet. I don¶t think we have met. Dialogue 1 Baskara : Excuse me. Informal introduction y Hello. Peter Peter : where are you from? Carlo : I¶m from England Peter : thank you. my name is Low chung y Hello. I¶m Baskara Renata : Hello. I would like to introduce myself. My name is Talita Yuwono. Talita : Pleased to meet you too.
.......... Baskara : Hi. Baska........ Modul Bahasa Inggris SMK/X by SARKI EFENDI 5 Dialogue 2 Talita .. Mr.. Baska.... Baska... THE EXPRESSIONS USED IN INTRODUCTION The expressions: Responses: How do yo do? How do yo do? Nice to meet you Nice to meet you too Glad to see you Glad to see you too Pleasure to meet you Pleasure to meet you too It¶s lovely to meet you It¶s lovely to meet you too I¶m hapyy/glad to see you I¶m hapyy/glad to see you too Practice the dialogue with your friend! Dialugue 1 Talita : That¶s Baskara. Exercise Complete these dialogues using the expressions you have learned and practice speaking them out! 1.. .....? Talita : .... Mr. Renata Simamora.... B......... thanks....... Baskara : Hello. Renata : Hi...... INTRODUCING SOMEONE y I want to introduce my friend to you.. Baskara : Hello.. Renata...... Talita : That¶s Baskara ... Do you know him? Renata : No... C... How¶s everything? Baskara : ......... Iskandar.. : Mr....Rafael : Thanks...... I haven¶t............... Talita : Baska........ I appreciate that.. Lita.. Pleased to meet you. Renata : . our Marketing Manager................... his name is Peter y I¶d like to introduce my sister... Iskandar. Iskandar : How do you do? Mr............................. I don¶t. Iskandar : It¶s nice to meet you too..... pleased to meet you too........ Mr.. Hardono.... this is Mr.... Hardono of Java Tour...... his name is Hong Cen y This is my new friend Betty... Talita : Hello.. let me introduce you to Mr.? Renata : No....Hardono : How do you do? It¶s very nice to meet you.......... Renata.. her name is Ayu y May I introduce my wife/«« to you? Her name is Liana y Let me introduce my brother to you...... ....... Talita : Hi. this is a friend of mine..
.... Mr.......... What does he want to be? 9....... Ms... Where do his parents live? 4.......... GRAMMAR FOCUS a. Mr. Talita... 2.. Does he speak Spanish? 5............ Hardono : ...?. I dream to be a professional dancer one day............. Iskandar : Good morning.... .. 4. Where is Bantul located? 10.... I am Baskara. Rafael : . Is he a student or a teacher? 7...................... Read the text below and answer the questions! Good afternoon.. I come to Indonesia to learn about the culture because I like dancing traditional dances.. Does he like dancing traditional or modern dances? 8... I don¶t think you have met my secretary....... this is Mr...... Renata is a friend of mine... but my parents moved to the USA when I was young. Are you a new employee here? Rafael : Yes.. Iskandar : .. 3...Yuwono? . Talita : Me................ Personal Pronouns 1. Mr. Just call me Rafa... a small town southward Yogyakarta............. Rafael : Excuse me............... too. so I'm an American.................. Talita Yuwono..2... Talita : .. May I introduce myself? My name is Rafael Romero. Hardono.... I'm glad to know you all and hope that I can get help from you especially in speaking Indonesian.... Hardono : . Ms. This table shows the complete forms.......... Hardono : ..... I am... Let me introduce you to Mr... then........... Romero? ........ I¶ve just moved from the main office.. Renata is my friend................... What does he do in Indonesia? 6...... Talita : How do you do.......... Thank you...... Mr... I was born in Mexico... Hardono..... fellows.... Subject I Object Me Possesive adjective My Possessive pronoun Mine Reflexive pronoun Myself 6 Modul Bahasa Inggris SMK/X by SARKI EFENDI .................. 3.? Talita : ..... I live in Bantul......... I speak both English and Spanish...... How are you? Mr.. How about you? Mr... The italic words are personal pronouns.... Who is introducing himself? 2............. My name is Rafael Romero.. Smith......... Mr.. What does he expect from his new friends? D.. 1... Where was he born? 3.....
... thank you.. . This .How is your family? 4...... your address? These questions . your name? What . a waitress. What .. 5... Those pretty girls .......... 40 double rooms and 20 single rooms in our hotel... 2.. Toni Sartono. they ... How are you? 2. a lot more questions possibly asked... They . The answer for the last question Modul Bahasa Inggris SMK/X by SARKI EFENDI 7 . 1... employees of Rumpita Hotel.They are very well... glad to welcome you in our hotel.... My name ........ thanks.. 3. a restaurant where you can have breakfast..... I¶m fine... your mother a house wife? .. Talita ... a receptionist and Renata . such as: where «« your parents? what ..... a business hotel.... There .. I .... They are waiters. Surya and Nyoman.... often asked to you in an interview. Rumpita Hotel. We . you a graduate of a vocational school? And many more... There ... The simple present tense: to be 1. the marketing manager.You He She It We They Talita Bojes Tita and Rena You Him Her It Us Them Her His Them Your His Her Its Our Their Her ( Talita¶s ) His ( Bojes¶) Their Yours His Hers Ours Theirs Hers His Theirs Yourself Himself Herself Itself Ourselves Themselves Herself Himself Themselves b.. There .. These are my friends... they at the same department? No. Talita and Renata... your father¶s name? . The italic words are TO BE This table shows the forms of TO BE : Affirmative Full Short I am I'm You are You're He is He's She is She's It is It's We are We're They are They're This is That is That's Negative Full I am not You are not He is not She is not It is not We are not They are not This is not That is not Short You aren't He isn't She isn't It isn't We aren't They aren't This isn't That isn't Interogative Am I? Are you? Is he? Is she? Is it? Are we? Are they? Is this? Is that? Exercises Fill in the blanks with the appropriate forms of TO BE.. 3.... It .
. does is used for the third singular person. and do is used for the others. it). (begin)? 3.. 8. it). ««. I .. The restaurant «««««««« (not serve) Indonesian food. 2. she. and do is used for the others. In negative and interrogative. 6. the service station «««««( open) on Sunday? 9. and do is used for the others. The students¶ orchestra always ««««««.. Does she speak English? 4. 5. he. 10. if you are a graduate of a vocational school or: No. In negative and interrogative. she. I don¶t think we have met. They usually come with their family.. More people stay in our hotel on weekends. What ««« an office boy «««««« (do) in an office? 10. Certainly. 3. They usually don¶t spend much money on food. I live in Bantul. does is used for the third singular person. you ««««« (have) your identity card with you? 4. suffix s/es is added to the verb. if you aren¶t. he) and it suffix s/es is added to the verb. When talking about facts (they stay the same for a long time) and habits (they happen again and again) we use THE SIMPLE PRESENT. sir. 1. She has the competency to perform well at work. Notes: y In positive form. (enjoy) the tour Dieng plateau. In positive form. suffix s/es is added to the verb. The verb is the simple form of verb. (take) to fly to Surabaya? 7. Do you know Baskara? 4. (perform) Modul Bahasa Inggris SMK/X by SARKI EFENDI 8 .. The Simple Present Tense: Verb 1 1.. when the subject is a third singular person (Talita. Tourists always ««««««««. We live in Indonesia. I¶m sorry. does is used for the third singular person. The chemist «««««« (not sell) drugs without doctor¶s prescription. (not give) discount for payment by credit card. A receptionist welcomes guests in a hotel or an office. 8. What time «««« the film in theatre 3 ««««. 1. Look at the examples..might be: Yes. 2.. 6... 7. Talita works in Rumpita Hotel 2. 3. Do they always spend much money in the hotel restaurant? 9. I . 5.. c. No. It¶s a Chinese restaurant. EXERCISES Put the verbs in brackets into the correct forms. How long ««««« it «««««. when the subject is a third singular person (Talita. «««. We ««««««. We have a new member. but she doesn¶t speak Japanese. y In negative and interrogative..
... Jack : You¶re welcome..... Renata : «««««««« your helping me finish the weekly report..... Expressions of thanking and responses: Thank you for «« (formal) I appereciate your kidness Many thanks (informal) Thank you for your kidness How very kind of you Thanks a lot Thank you very much Practice these dialogue with your partner! 1............. 2.................... Talita : Thank you for the brooch you gave me for the birthday gift...... 4. Iskandar : ............ It¶s just what I wanted........ Modul Bahasa Inggris SMK/X by SARKI EFENDI 9 .... Talita : .......... 2... Anna : Thanks for taking me home......... Baskara : ..... Receptionist : ........ Jack : These flowers are for you...... staying with us in our hotel.... 4... Jimmy : That¶s OK.................... I hope you¶ll come and see us again........ They¶re very nice...... EXERCISES You are welcome That¶s all right Don¶t mention it Never mind Not at all Complete these dialogues using the expressions you have learned! 1... Renata : I¶m glad you like it............ Guest : It was very kind of you to help me to find my luggage.. ...... 3................. 3....... invite us for the wonderful dinner.............. Jane : Thanks a lot............ THANKING Thanking is to express that you are pleased or grateful about appreciate something other people have done........ Mrs.............. Ayu : It was my pleasure.......... Baskara : This is a little gift I bought for you............................ Hermawan : .. Renata : ..CHAPTER III THANKING AND APOLOGIZING A. Mrs... Mrs................ Iskandar : .
APOLOGIZING The function of apology is to show regret for make mistakes they have been made and offer an explanation or remedy. I didn¶t mean to «. Edo : I would like to apologize for being late to class. Efendy : It¶s OK this time. I¶m terribly sorry about «« I regret to tell you that ««. Some expressions of congratulations and the responses. The meeting room is being renovated. y y y Congratulation Fantastic Well done/nice : Thank you : it¶s nice of you say so : thank you very much for saying that.Efendy : Morning. Mr. We know that it¶s not comfortable here. Manager : Thank you. we completely understand . 1. Here are some expressions of apolgizing and the responses: 1. Please be on time in the future.. Lisa : Thanks. This is used to response when someone gets something good in their life. I¶m very sorry. 3. : That¶s Ok : Don¶t worry : it¶s all right : It doesn¶t matter : never mind Practice these dialogues aloud in pairs. but we have no choice. 5. Mr. I have finished reading it and you may give it back to me next time. Edo : Yes. I will.Efendy : Why do you come late? Edo : My motorbike had a flat tyre on the way to school. I apologize for ««««. Forgive me. 2. Ani : No problem. Modul Bahasa Inggris SMK/X by SARKI EFENDI 10 . sir. In classroom Lisa : Sorry. sir. Thank you. 2. In a classroom Edo : Good morning.. Edo. Guest : That¶s all right. In a meeting. 3. Manager : We¶re sorry to have the meeting here. 4. Mr..Some phrase used to thank a colleague in writing : I just wanted to write and thank you for your help in/with/at « This is just a qiuck email to show my appereciation for your support. I¶m very sory about «. The other form of socialization related to thanking is congratulation. I forgot to bring your magazine back. B..
Waiter : I ____________. Modul Bahasa Inggris SMK/X by SARKI EFENDI 11 . Hendra : What¶s up. that¶s too bad. buddy? You __________. In classroom. Girl : I¶ll have chocolate please. Miss. please. but I _____ guilty myself. ___________ have? Waiter : Only chocolate and orange. We don¶t have any vanilla left. he has forgiven me. Girl : Then I¶ll have some strawberry. _________________ strawberry. Hendra : Oh. Girl : I¶d like some vanilla ice cream. In a restaurant.EXERCISES Complete these dialogues and practice them with your partner! 1. 2. please. Waiter : I¶m sorry. Girl : Then. either. Aldo : I¶ve scratched Gading¶s new mobile phone. Did you pay for the damage? Aldo : No.
Quality a. What colour of your school uniform on Saturday? 2. Listen to your teacher and repeat! y The circle is red. c. y The wall is orange. DESCRIBING THINGS 1. It is an orange wall. It is a purple grape. y The triangle is yellow. It is a black cylinder. It is a grey pentagon. Exercise Answer these questions! 1. What colour are your hairs? 5. white and brown. Asking the quality What¶s the quality of you watch? It¶s good What¶s the quality of this picture? It¶s bad c. Some kinds of colours are: Blue : biru Red : merah Black : hitam Green : hijau Grey : abu Brown : cokelat Orange : oranye purple : ungu White Yellow Pink : putih : kuning : merah muda b. What colour is the sky? 3. It is a green rectangle. It is a red circle. It is a white oval. Colours a. Some adjectives to show quality are: Soft : halus rough : kasar Beautiful bad : jelek Hard : keras lovely b. y The oval is white. : cantik : indah Modul Bahasa Inggris SMK/X by SARKI EFENDI 12 . y The pentagon is grey. It is a yellow triangle. y The grape is purple. Listen to your teacher and repeat. y The rectangle is green. Asking the colour What colour is it? It is red What colour is our flag? It¶s red and white What colours are your school uniform? They are grey. It is a blue square. y The box is brown. PEOPLES AND EVENTS A. It is a brown box. What colours are banana leaves? 2. What coluor is your skin? 4. y The cylinder is black. y The square is blue. d.CHAPTER IV DESCRIBING TINGS.
Listen to your teacher and repeat! y Elephant is a big animal y His body is fat. y The suitcase is good. Some adjectives to show size are: Big : besar small : kecil Medium: pertengahan large : luas Tiny : kecil/kurus huge : besar Little : kecil fat : gemuk Heavy : berat . It¶s a long road d. Size a. It¶s a thick dictionary. d. Flowers/beautiful 3. It¶s a thin notebook. What size are your shoes? They are medium. They are beautiful flowers. Book/bad 2. It is a lovely butterfly. y The notebook is thin. Some adjectives to show shape are: Square Circle/circular : persegi empat : bulat/lingkaran ruond/spherical rectangular : bundar : bujur sangkar 13 Modul Bahasa Inggris SMK/X by SARKI EFENDI . Trouser/XL 4. Bag/nice 3. Exercise Make short dialog to ask the quality! Example: table/ good What¶s the quality of this table? It¶s good 1. He is a fat boy y My sister¶s body is slim. They are broken chairs. y The picture is bad. It is a good suitcase. Shoes/medium 2. Room/very large 3. Shape a. y The butterfly is lovely. y The chairs are broken. she is a slim girl y The dictionary is thick. b. It is a bad picture. c.y The flowers are beautiful. y The road is long.etc. Exercise Make short dialog to ask the size! Example : T-shirt/ small What size is your T-shirt? It¶ small 1. Asking the size How big is your house? It¶s very big.
y The protractor is semicircular. y The chessboard is square. They¶re cotton T-shirts. It¶s a square chessboard. These shoes are made of leather. That tyre is made of rubber. 2. d. They¶re wooden cupboards. It¶s a cylindrical pipe. y The pipe is cylindrical. Exercise Make short dialog to ask the material Example : your belt/ leather Modul Bahasa Inggris SMK/X by SARKI EFENDI 14 . These cupboards are made of wood. ________ is the table? It¶s square 2. They¶re oval plates. It¶s a cubic box. y The plates are oval. It¶s a rubber tyre. 4. This kite is made of paper. They¶re circular coins. It¶s a conical ice cream. It¶s a spherical ball. It¶s a rectangular door. y The ice cream is conical. Some adjective to show the material Wooden : kayu leather glass : kaca Silver Cotton : kapas rubber iron : besi Copper : kulit : perak : karet : tembaga Plastic : plastic golden : emas Paper : kertas stone : batu b. Listen to your teacher an repeat! y The coins are circular. ________ are the egg? ____ ____ ______ 5. It¶s a semicircular protractor. c. Material a. 3. Asking the material What is your shoes made of? It¶s made of leather What are the clothes made of? They are made of cotton c. b. They¶re leather shoes. What shape is the ball? It¶s ________ 3. 5. d. y The door is rectangular. It¶s a paper kite. y The ball is spherical.Cube Conical Oval : kubus : kerucut : bulat lonjong triangular : segi tiga semi circular : setengah lingkaran etc. Exercise Fill in the blank with suitable words to ask the shape! 1. Listen to your teacher and repeat! 1. y The box is cubic. Those T-shirts are made of cotton. Asking the shape What shape is the earth? It¶s round What shape are the tiles? They¶re square.
3. American. Kinds of job and place of work Kinds of job Places of work Teacher Student Driver. etc. Arabic. What¶s your belt made of? Bag/cotton Tires/rubber Your necklacce/gold The statue/stone Newspaper/paper It¶s made of leather. Profession Profession is any type of work which needs special training or a particular skill. taxi driver. Describing People a. Profession is similar to job. street : Library Modul Bahasa Inggris SMK/X by SARKI EFENDI 15 . but I dislike chinese food y It is indonesian batik y Do you like arabic date? y They are american aples y 8. 5. 4. 2. Chinese. it¶s leather belt 6. bus driver Doctor Dentist Surgeon Nurse Postman Policeman/woman Librarian : School : School : Car. Indonesian. bus : Hospital : Hospital : Hospital : Hospital : Post office : Police station. Example: y I llike Japanese food.1. 1. japanese. Origin Some adjective to show the origin of things Indian. Age Some adjective to show the age Old : tua/lama young : muda new : baru Middle age : separuh umur aged : berumur/tua Example: y This is an old stamp y I bought a new dictionary yesterday y It is an old tample y The mousque is middle age 7. taxi.
etc 2. studio. y They¶re policemen. y She¶s a doctor. y He¶s a postman. y She¶s a secretary. b. Asking about job y What are you? I¶m a student y What is your job? My job is docctor y What do you do? I¶m an artist y What is he/she? He/she¶s a teacher y What is your father¶s job? He is a director. y They¶re nurses. y He¶s a dentist.Pilot Stewardess Farmer Gardener Journalist Singer : Plane : Plane : Rice field : Garden : Everywhere : Stage. y He¶s a teacher. nationalities and languages. y They¶re singers. y He¶s a student. Country and Nationality 1. Country Nationality Language(s) Australia Australian English Britain British English Canada Canadian English or French China Chinese Mandarin Denmark Danish Danish Egypt Egyptian Arabic England English English France French French Germany German German Italy Italian Italian Japan Japanese Japanese Spain Spanish Spanish Switzerland Swiss French/German/Italian The Netherlland Dutch Dutch The UK British English Modul Bahasa Inggris SMK/X by SARKI EFENDI 16 . etc y What does he/she do? He/she is a librarian Listen to your teacher and repeat. List of ountries. y They¶re waiters.
They¶re Indian. Preposition of time I¶m from Japan I come from Italy I¶m indonesian I¶m American Modul Bahasa Inggris SMK/X by SARKI EFENDI 17 . Year d. He¶s from the Netherlands. Describing People 9. They¶re Arab. He¶s from Spain. They¶re from Saudi Arabia. She¶s French. 3.The USA American English 2. Asking and Telling Times b. They¶re from the USA. He¶s Dutch. She¶s from England. He¶s Spanish. She¶s English. They¶re from China. She¶s Japanese. He¶s from Indonesia. Month. Date. Asking and Telling days c. She¶s from Japan. Describing Events a. Asking about Country and Nationality y Where are you from? y Where do you come from? y What is your Nationality? y What nationality are you? Listen to your teacher and repeat. Asking and Telling. She¶s from France. They¶re from India. They¶re American. He¶s Indonesian. They¶re Chinese.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.