The spectrum of electrical injury is very broad, ranging from minimal injury to severe multiorgan involvement, with both

occult and delayed complications, to death. Classifications of electrical injuries generally focus on the power source (lightning or electrical), voltage (high or low voltage), and type of current (alternating or direct), each of which is associated with certain injury patterns.

There are four main types of electrical injuries: i) ii) iii) iv) electrocution (death due to electrical shock), electrical shock burns falls

ELECTRICAL SHOCK
How is an Electrical Shock Received? An electrical shock is received when electrical current passes through the body. Current will pass through the body in a variety of situations. Whenever two wires are at different voltages, current will pass between them if they are connected. Your body can connect the wires if you touch both of them at the same time. Current will pass through your body. In most household wiring, the black wires and the red wires are at 120 volts. The white wires are at 0 volts because they are connected to ground. The connection to ground is often through a conducting ground rod driven into the earth. The connection can also be made through a buried metal water pipe. If you come in contact with an energized black wire-and you are also in contact with the neutral white wire-current will pass through your body. You will receive an electrical shock. You can even receive a shock when you are not in contact with an electrical ground. Contact with both live wires of a 240-volt cable will deliver a shock. You can also receive a shock from electrical components that are not grounded properly. Even contact with another person who is receiving an electrical shock may cause you to be shocked.

BURNS

Arc or flash burns When an arc of current passes from an object of high to low resistance. generating heat that causes tissue damage. and type of clothing worn. Types of electrical burns Depending on the voltage. There will be clues to the internal pathway taken by the arc based on the location of these surface wounds. both to the surface of the skin as well as deeper tissues. While this may . and type of circuit. Electrical burns are the result of the electric current flowing through tissues or bone. These areas typically have a dry parchment center and a rim of congestion around them. A person 2 feet away from a 25. Tissue damage is caused by the heat generated by the current flow through tissues or bone of body. Burns suffered in electrical accidents may be of three types: electrical burns. Sometimes the pressure wave throws the victim away from the arc-blast. In addition. Arcs do not occur in low-voltage injuries There are three primary hazards associated with an arc-blast. depending on their resistance. including skin color.000-amp arc feels a force of about 480 pounds on the front of the body. (1) Arcing gives off thermal radiation (heat) and intense light. Types of Contact Direct contact: Current passing directly through the body will heat the tissue causing electro thermal burns. electrical burns can cause a variety of injuries through several different mechanisms. such an explosion can cause serious ear damage and memory loss due to concussion. duration of contact. work distances. pathway. area of skin exposed. Proper clothing. arc burns. Several factors affect the degree of injury.The most common shock-related injury is a burn. It will typically cause damage at the source contact point and the ground contact point. and thermal contact burns. (2) A high-voltage arc can produce a considerable pressure wave blast. and overcurrent protection can reduce the risk of such a burn. Electrical burns are one of the most serious injuries you can receive and should be given immediate attention. which can cause burns. current. it creates a high temperature pathway that causes skin lesions at the site of contact with the source and at the ground contact point (not always the feet).

they can still be hot enough to cause serious burns or cause ordinary clothing to catch fire. (3) A high-voltage arc can also cause many of the copper and aluminum components in electrical equipment to melt. In some cases. Electrical burn in a electrician injury in foot Electrical burns to the hand . serious physical injury may result. Although these droplets harden rapidly. or other energized equipment. even if you are 10 feet or more away. These droplets of molten metal can be blasted great distances by the pressure wave. The pressure wave can propel large objects over great distances. clothing may be ignited in an electrical accident and a thermal burn will result.reduce further exposure to the thermal energy. the pressure wave has enough force to snap off the heads of steel bolts and knock over walls. Additionally. conduits. Thermal contact burns Thermal contact burns are those normally experienced when the skin comes in contact with hot surfaces of overheated electric conductors.

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