ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90.

1-2004
ASHRAE’s Newest Commercial Building Standard Rocky Mountain Chapter Technical Conference May 18, 2007
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Western Mechanical Solutions, llc
Michael K. Fulton, P.E. BSME

2 Years as a General Contractor 3 Years as a Consulting Engineer 7 Years as a Sales Engineer 6 Years as a Sales Manager
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Standard 90.1-2004
Developed jointly by the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) and the Illuminating Engineering Society of North America (IESNA) Developed under American National Standards Institute (ANSI) consensus guidelines
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Standard 90.1-2004
Developed with participation from many building and construction organizations including:
– American Institute of Architects (AIA) – Building Owners and Managers Association (BOMA) – North American Insulation Manufacturer’s Association (NAIMA) – Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Institute (ARI) – Gas Appliance Manufacturers Association (GAMA)
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Standard 90.Predecessors to Standard 90. 2004.1-1999 did save energy and states were required to adopt a code that met or exceeded the provisions of Standard 90.1-1999 – The US DOE found ASHRAE Standard 90.1-1999 as their commercial building code by July 15.1-2004 Standard 90.1-2001 – Used as the basis of the IECC – The US DOE did not issue a formal determination on this standard 5 .

it is written in unambiguous language intended to allow a code official to say “that complies” or “that doesn’t” There are no “shoulds”. Enforceable Language Standard 90.Mandatory.1-2004 is a code-intended standard. As such. “coulds” or “shall consider” phrases – just lots of “shalls” 6 .

Based on Consistent Economic Criteria While previous ASHRAE standards were based on professional judgment combined with analysis of energy and cost impacts.1-2004 is the most recent attempt to use consistent economic criteria as the basis for requirements. Standard 90. 7 .

1-1989 knows that there is not a true prescriptive path for envelope in the older ASHRAE standards.True Prescriptive Paths Anyone who has ever tried to use the ACP tables in Standard 90. One of the “code friendly” features of codes is that they do have a simple prescriptive path for all buildings. 8 .

9 .Renovations and Retrofits ASHRAE Standards before Standard 90. All standards were designed for “new construction” but what does that mean? ASHRAE worked with BOMA on Chapter 4 to develop detailed rules for how Standard 90.11999 were more or less silent on the concept.12004 should be applied to renovations and retrofits.

1-2004 10 . and these requirements are contained in Standard 90.Minimally Conditioned Buildings Buildings that are minimally conditioned or minimally used should not need as stringent energy requirements as buildings that are fully conditioned or fully used. Standard 90.1-1999 took a first step in dealing with minimally conditioned buildings in its’ semi-heated space envelope requirements.

and above code documents like ASHRAE’s Advanced Energy Design Guide for Small Office Buildings.Climate Zones Standard 90.1-2004 uses climate zones developed for the the US on a county-bycountry basis and expressed in map form. The map is the same map used in recent versions of the IECC. 11 .

informal answers to questions Steve Ferguson .1 Users Manual – Provides much of the background Formal Interpretations – Formal written interpretations take time Informal Interpretations – Quick.ASHRAE Assistant Manager of Standards (404) 636-8400 12 .Interpretations for Standard 90.

now 90.1-2004 will be the reference standard for NFPA 5000 and the 2006 IECC Standard 90.Standard 90.1-2001 is the reference standard for the 2003 IECC Standard 90.1-2001 Addenda e.1-2001’s Energy Cost Budget method (coupled with 90.1 – Present Standard 90.1-2004 Appendix G) is the basis for LEED energy points certification 13 .

7 lighting and power. and 17 mechanical 14 .1-2004. 3 ECB. 4 envelope.1 admin.1-2001 were processed to completion in time for inclusion in Standard 90.Standard 90.12004 for details Addenda .1-2004 A total of 32 addenda to Standard 90. See Informative Appendix F to Standard 90.

2007 Next version .1-2007 – Still being developed under continuous maintenance – Addenda under public review 15 .Standard 90.90.1 .

and AirConditioning 7 Service Water Heating 8 Power 9 Lighting 10 Other Equipment 11 Energy Cost Budget Method 12 Normative References 16 .Organization of Standard 90. Ventilating.1 1 2 3 4 Purpose Scope Definitions Administration and Enforcement 5 Building Envelope 6 Heating.

3) Compliance 17 .4) Prescriptive Path (6.5) Energy Cost Budget (11) Simplified Approach (6.HVAC Compliance Mandatory Provisions (6.Section 6 .

3) Limited to… – buildings with 1 or 2 stories – buildings < 25.000ft2 – single-zone systems – air-cooled or evaporatively-cooled only – Outside air qty less than 3000 cfm at min Simplified Approach 18 .Simplified Approach Option (Section 6.

Simplified Approach (cont’d) Manual changeover or dual set-point thermostat Heat pump supplementary heat control No reheat or simultaneous heating and cooling for humidity control Time clocks (except hotel/motel…) Pipe and ductwork insulated “Ducted system to be air balanced to within 10% of design air flow rates” Interlocked thermostats to prevent simultaneous heating and cooling Closing exhaust dampers (design capacity > 300 cfm unless continuous operation) Optimum start controls (design supply air capacity > 10.000 cfm) 19 .

4) Overview Mandatory Provisions Mechanical Equipment Efficiency (Section 6.4) Completion Requirements (Section 6.7) Required in both Prescriptive and ECB compliance paths 20 .4.4.2) Controls (Section 6.4.3) HVAC System Construction and Insulation (Section 6.4.HVAC Mandatory Provisions (Section 6.1) Load Calculations (Section 6.

HVAC Mandatory Provisions Mechanical Equipment Efficiency (Section 6.8. F and G addenda supplement package for efficiencies) Combination systems to meet all requirements for appropriate space heating or cooling category Equipment covered – – – – – – – Package air conditioners Heat pumps Chillers Packaged terminal room air conditioners Furnaces Boilers Heat rejection equipment 21 . B.1) Table 6.1E – (note Tables A.4. D.

22 . for example when expansions are planned.4.HVAC Mandatory Provisions Load Calculations (Section 6. It allowed a load safety factor of 10%. To give designers latitude. there is no longer an oversizing restriction.2) “…Determined in accordance with generally accepted engineering standards and handbooks acceptable to the adopting authority” – Another difference from the 1989 standard should be noted.

3.4.4.6) Freeze Protection and Snow/Ice Melting Systems (Section 6.4.4.3.4.3.1) Set Point Overlap Restrictions (Section 6.4.3.3) Zone Thermostatic controls (Section 6.8) Exceptions 23 .4) Where dampers are required (Section 6.3) Ventilation System Controls (Section 6.4) Heat Pump Auxiliary Heat Control (Section 6.4.3.3.3.4.HVAC Mandatory Provisions Controls Overview (Section 6.2) Off-Hour controls (Section 6.3.3.4) Humidifier Preheat Controls (Section 6.5) Humidification and Dehumidification Controls (Section 6.3.4.4.4.3.7) Ventilation Controls for High-Occupancy Areas (Section 6.

some areas of hospitals) and are approved by the authority having jurisdiction.HVAC Mandatory Provisions/Controls Dead Band (Section 6. Addendum 24 . museums.3.2) Thermostats must have a 5°F dead band Exceptions – “Thermostats that require manual changeover between heating and cooling modes – Special occupancy or special applications where wide temperature ranges are not acceptable (such as retirement homes.4.1. process applications. data processing.

3) If limit switches.4.HVAC Mandatory Provisions/Controls Set Point Overlap Restriction (Section 6.1.3. mechanical stops. or software programming for DDC systems are used – means will be provided “to prevent the heating set point from exceeding the cooling set point minus any applicable proportional band” 25 .

zone isolation Exceptions.optimum start controls .setback controls .4.3) Systems with heating/cooling and fan 1 hp and above: Shall have all of the following off-hour controls .000 BTU/h with Manual on/off 26 .3.automatic shutdown . HVAC systems – serving hotel/motel guestrooms – intended to operate continuously” – Less than 15.shutoff damper controls .HVAC Mandatory Provisions/Controls Off-Hour Controls (Section 6.

OR – manually-operated timer with maximum two hour duration. OR – interlocked to security system 27 .HVAC Mandatory Provisions/Controls Automatic Shutdown (Section 6.1) Controls to operate on different time schedules for seven different day-types per week and retain programming and time setting during loss of power for at least 10 hrs OR – occupant sensor.4.3.3.

– Colorado is in climate zones 5b. 2b.4.3. and 3b. 6b and 7 “Heating set point adjustable down to 55°F Cooling set point adjustable up to 90°F or to prevent high space humidity levels” Exception – “Radiant floor and ceiling heating systems” 28 .HVAC Mandatory Provisions/Controls Setback Controls (Section 6.2) Applies when heating systems are located where heating design temperature is in Climate zone 2-8 and cooling systems located in zones 1b.3.

3.3) “Individual heating and cooling air distribution systems with – total design supply air capacity > 10.3.000 cfm – served by one or more supply fans” Control algorithm to at least “be a function of – difference between space temperature and occupied setpoint and amount of time prior to scheduled occupancy” 29 .HVAC Mandatory Provisions/Controls Optimum Start Controls (Section 6.4.

000 ft2 zone on one floor – Ability to shut off airflow to isolation area – Automatic shutdown device – Central systems capable of stable operation for smallest isolation area • Review low load operation of equipment at the lowest load of smallest isolation area 30 .3.HVAC Mandatory Provisions/Controls Zone Isolation (Section 6.4) Each isolation area – Maximum 25.3.4.

3) Motorized dampers for outdoor air supply and exhaust systems that will automatically shut when not in use “Ventilation outside air dampers to be capable of automatically shutting off during – preoccupancy building warm up. and setback (Except when ventilation reduces energy costs or when ventilation must be supplied to meet code requirements) Supply and exhaust dampers to have maximum leakage rate meeting Table 6.3.3.4.3.HVAC Mandatory Provisions/Controls Shutoff Damper Controls (Section 6.4 when tested in accordance with AMCA Standard 500” 31 .3. cool down.4.

3) Gravity dampers okay in buildings – < 3 stories in height – any height in climate zones 1.4.3.HVAC Mandatory Provisions/Controls Shutoff Damper Controls .3. 2 and 3 – Systems with design outside air intake or exhaust capacity 300 cfm or less 32 .Exceptions (Section 6.

4) Max leakage rate .4 – Denver climate zone 5b • 10 cfm/ft2 at 1” motorized • 20 cfm/ft2 at 1” non motorized • Exception non motorized dampers less than 24” in either dimension is 40 cfm/ft2 – Mountains climate zone 6b and 7 max leakage is 4 cfm/ft2 at 1” • Non motorized not allowed 33 .3.3.4.3.HVAC Mandatory Provisions/Controls Dampers (Section 6.3.4.Table 6.

3.1 that are capable of shutting off fans when not required. 34 .4.3.2. Exception – HVAC systems intended to operate continuously.4.3.5) Fans with motors greater than ¾ hp shall have automatic controls complying with Section 6.HVAC Mandatory Provisions/Controls Ventilation Fan Controls (Section 6.

4.1) Motorized dampers – can be “automatically closed during normal building operation – interlocked to open as required by fire and smoke detection systems” 35 .HVAC Mandatory Provisions/Controls Stair and Shaft Vents (Section 6.3.4.

and Ventilators (Section 6.4.3. 3 • Unconditioned spaces 36 .3.2) “Motorized dampers to automatically shut when spaces served are not in use” Exceptions – Gravity dampers okay in buildings • < 3 stories in height • of any height in climate zones 1. 2.HVAC Mandatory Provisions/Controls Gravity Hoods. Vents.

HVAC Mandatory Provisions/Controls

Humidifier Preheat
(Section 6.4.3.5) “Automatic valve to shut off preheat when humidification isn’t required”

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HVAC Mandatory Provisions/Controls

Humidification and Dehumidification
(Section 6.4.3.6)
For zones served with both humidification and dehumidification capability, means (such as limit switches, mechanical stops, or, for DDC systems, software programming) shall be provided capable of preventing simultaneous operation of humidification and dehumidification equipment. Exceptions – desiccant systems – Zones where specific humidity levels are required, such as computer rooms, museums, and hospitals and approved by the authority having jurisdiction. Addendum
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HVAC Mandatory Provisions/Controls

Freeze Protection and Snow/Ice Melting Systems (Section 6.4.3.7) Automatic controls for
– Freeze protection systems
• “off when outside air temperatures > 40°F or when conditions of protected fluid will prevent freezing”

– Snow - and ice-melting systems
• “pavement temperature > 50°F and no precipitation is falling and outdoor temperature > 40°F”
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HVAC Mandatory Provisions/Controls

Ventilation Controls for High-Occupancy Areas (Revised Section 6.4.3.8)
Revised Section 6.4.3.8 as follows: 6.4.3.8 Ventilation Controls for High-Occupancy Areas. – Demand Control Ventilation (DCV) is required for spaces larger than 500 ft2 (50m2) and with a design occupancy for ventilation of greater than 40 people per 1000 ft2 (100 m2) of floor area and served by systems with one or more of the following: – a. an air-side economizer – b. automatic modulating control of the outdoor air damper, – or – c. a design outdoor airflow greater than 3000 CFM (1,400 L/s) Exceptions to 6.4.3.8: – Systems with energy recovery complying with 6.5.6.1. – Multiple-zone systems without direct-digital control of individual zones communicating with a central control panel. – System with a design outdoor airflow less than 1,200 CFM (600 L/s). – Spaces where the supply air flow rate minus any make up or outgoing transfer air requirement is less than 1,200 CFM (600 L/s).

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1.4.4.1.1.2.1) Duct and Plenum Insulation (Section 6.1) Duct Leakage Tests (Section 6.HVAC Mandatory Provisions HVAC System Construction and Insulation Overview (Section 6.2) 41 .2.4.4.4.4.4) General (Section 6.4.4.2) Piping Insulation (Section 6.4.4.3) Duct Sealing (Section 6.4.

1. and wind – Exposed to weather to be suitable for outdoor service – “Covering chilled water piping. refrigerant suction piping. or cooling ducts located outside the conditioned space shall include a vapor retardant located outside the insulation.1) Insulation installed in accordance with industry accepted standards (appendix E) Insulation – Protected from damage due to sunlight. all penetrations and joints of which to be sealed” 42 .4.4. equipment maintenance.HVAC Mandatory Provisions Insulation General (Section 6. moisture.

the R-value need not exceed R-3.4. those 5 ft2 or less need not be insulated 43 . casings.HVAC Mandatory Provisions/HVAC Insulation Duct and Plenum Insulation (Section 6.8. or ductwork furnished as part of HVAC equipment – Ducts or plenums located in heated.2A and 6.8.5 – Backs of air outlets and outlet plenums exposed to unconditioned or indirectly conditioned spaces with face areas > 5 ft2 need not exceed R-2.1.2B Exceptions – Factory-installed plenums. semi-heated.2) All supply and return ducts and plenums to be insulated per Tables 6. or cooled spaces – For runouts < 10 ft in length to air terminals or air outlets.4.

4.HVAC Mandatory Provisions/HVAC Insulation Duct Sealing (Section 6. return) and duct location (outdoors.4.4.4. unconditioned spaces. conditioned spaces) Table 6.4.1) Table 6.2A Standard industry practice 44 .2B Duct Seal Level – lists sealing requirements based on seal level from Table 6.4.2A min Duct Seal Level – Seal level based on duct type (supply.4. exhaust.2.

c.2.4.4. w. – Leak tested – Representative sections no less than 25% of the total installed duct area shall be tested – Ratings > 3 in. to be identified on drawings 45 .HVAC Mandatory Provisions/HVAC Insulation Duct Leakage Tests (Section 6.c.2) Designed > 3 in. w.

65 Where Lmax = maximum permitted leakage in cfm/100 ft2 duct surface area” 46 .Permitted duct leakage – Maximum permitted duct leakage “Lmax = CLP0.

Cooling) Exceptions – Factory-installed – Piping conveying fluids between 60o and 105o F.3) Table 6.1. and hot water)” 47 .HVAC Mandatory Provisions/HVAC Insulation Piping Insulation (Section 6. SWH. insulation conductivity.8. – Piping conveying fluids not heated or cooled where heat gain/loss won’t increase energy use – Pipe unions in heating systems (steam.4.3 – Minimum pipe insulation thickness based on fluid design operating temperature range.4. nominal pipe or tube size. and system type (Heating. steam condensate.

1) Air Economizers (Section 6.1.1) Water Economizers (Section 6.5.HVAC Prescriptive Path/Economizers Economizers (Section 6.5.5.3) Economizer Heating System Impact (Section 6.2) Integrated Economizer Control (Section 6.1.5.5.1.4) Prescriptive Path 48 .1.

5.1 of ASHRAE Standard 62.6.3.000 btu/h • Climate zone 7 not req’d below 135. 6b not req’d below 65.5.HVAC Prescriptive Path/Air Economizers Economizers (Section 6.000 btu/h ??? – non-particulate air treatment as required by 6.1 (addendum) – more than 25% of air is to be humidified above 35o dew point – Condenser heat recovery required by 6.5.2 49 .2.1 • Climate zone 5b.1) “Each cooling system having a fan shall include either an air or water economizer” Exceptions: – Based on cooling size – Table 6.2 – Some residential – Spaces where there is no cooling load at 60 deg – Operation less than 20 hours per week – Supermarkets where economizer will put load on cases – If cooling efficiency exceeds Table 6.

1.5.HVAC Prescriptive Path/Air Economizers Design Capacity (Section 6.1.1) “System capable of modulating outdoor air and return air dampers to provide up to 100% of the design supply air quantity as outdoor air for cooling” 50 .

2) “Dampers capable of being sequenced with the mechanical cooling equipment and shall not be controlled by only mixed air temperature” Exception – “MA limit control in systems controlled from space temperature (such as singlezone systems)” 51 .1.1.HVAC Prescriptive Path/Air Economizers Control Signal (Section 6.5.

dewpoint and db temp – no fixed enthalpy type High limit settings from Table 6. Diff db.1.3B 52 .5. Diff Enthalpy.1. 7 . 6b.5. Electronic Enthalpy.1.3A zones 5b.HVAC Prescriptive Path/Air Economizers High Limit Shutoff (Section 6.3) Automatically reducing outdoor air intake to the design minimum outdoor air quantity when outdoor air intake will no longer reduce cooling energy usage” Control types for specific climates from Table 6.1.1.5.1.Fixed db.

3.4.4 Denver 10 CFM per square foot at 1” 53 .HVAC Prescriptive Path/Air Economizers Dampers (Section 6.5.3.4) Return air and outside air dampers to meet the damper leakage specified in 6.1.1.

5.5) “Means to relieve excess outdoor air during economizer operation to prevent over pressurizing the building Outlet located to avoid recirculation into the building” 54 .HVAC Prescriptive Path/Air Economizers Relief of Excess Outdoor Air (Section 6.1.1.

1.HVAC Prescriptive Path/Water Economizers Water Economizers (Section 6.1.5.2.2) – Coils and other heat transfer shall be less than 15 ft or create a secondary loop to reduce press drop 55 .2) Design Capacity: – Provide 100% cooling capacity at outdoor temps of 50 db/45 wb Exception: – If dehumidification cannot be met at outdoor temps of 50/45.5. then you can use 45 db / 40 wb Max press drop (6.

– mixing. the supply of heating and cooling energy to the zone to prevent – reheating. – recooling.5.2) Zone controls shall be capable of operating in sequence.HVAC Prescriptive Path Simultaneous Heating and Cooling Limitation (Section 6. or – simultaneously supplying air previously heated or cooled Hydronic system controls to prevent reheating or recooling of fluids Exceptions 56 .

(addendum) Zones where special pressurization relationships.2 of ASHRAE 6. cross-contamination requirements.2 for the zone (add) – 0.Exceptions “Zones for which volume of air that is reheated.HVAC Prescriptive Path Zone Controls . recooled. or mixed is no greater than the larger of the following – Volume of outside air to meet 6. or code-required minimum circulation rates are such that the variable air volume systems are impractical Zones where at least 75% of the energy for reheating or for providing warm air in mixing systems is provided from a site-recovered (including condenser heat) or site solar energy source” 57 .4 cfm/ft2 of zone conditioned floor area – 30% of zone design peak supply – 300 cfm for zones whose peak flow rate totals no more than 10% of the total fan system flow rate – Any higher rate that can be demonstrated to jurisdiction to reduce overall system annual energy usage by offsetting reheat/recool energy losses through a reduction in outdoor air intake for the system.

5.1 and 6.3) HVAC systems with total fan system power > 5 hp to meet 6.5.2 – Fan Power Limitation – VAV Fan Control 58 .3.3.5.HVAC Prescriptive Path Air System Design and Control (Section 6.

1hp/1000cfm 1.5.3.HVAC Prescriptive Path Fan Power Limitation (Section 6.5 hp/1000cfm Allowable fan system power may be adjusted in certain situations – Filters – Heat recovery – etc 59 .2hp/1000cfm 1.1) Table 6.3.5.1 – By supply air volume and allowable nameplate motor power (constant volume and variable volume) – Volume CV VAV – < 20k cfm 1.7 hp/1000cfm – >=20k cfm 1.

1) Individual VAV fans with motors 15 hp or greater – Driven by VFD – Fan shall be van axial with var pitch blades – “Have other controls and devices to result in fan motor demand of no more than 30% of design wattage at 50% of design air volume when static pressure set point = 1/3 of total design static pressure.HVAC Prescriptive Path Part-Load Fan Power Limitation (Section 6.5.2. based on manufacturer’s certified fan data” 60 .3.

3. install multiple sensors in each major branch 61 .5.HVAC Prescriptive Path Static Pressure Sensor Location (Section 6.2.2) Placed so controller set point is no greater than 1/3 the total design fan static pressure – Except for digital control systems with zone reset capabilities where it may be at the fan discharge If this results in the sensor being located downstream of major duct splits.

3) “For systems with direct digital control of individual zone boxes reporting to the central control panel – Static pressure set point reset based on zone requiring the most pressure” 62 .5.3.2.HVAC Prescriptive Path Set Point Reset (Section 6.

1 – 6.4.3.4” 63 .HVAC Prescriptive Path Hydronic System Design and Control (Section 6.3.5.4) “HVAC hydronic systems with total pump system power > 10 hp shall meet 6.4.

5.1) HVAC pumping systems that include control valves designed to modulate or step open and close as a function of load – Designed for variable fluid flow – Capable of reducing flow rates to 50% or less of design flow rate “Individual pumps serving variable flow systems with a pump head > 100 ft and motor > 50 hp – Have controls and/or devices resulting in pump motor demand no more than 30% of design wattage at 50% of design water flow” 64 .4.HVAC Prescriptive Path Hydronic Variable Flow (Section 6.

HVAC Prescriptive Path Hydronic Variable Flow – Exceptions Systems where – “Minimum flow is < minimum flow required by equipment manufacturer for proper operation of equipment served by the system” • Chiller with poor water turn down – Total pump system power no more than 75 hp Systems that include no more than 3 control valves 65 .

5.HVAC Prescriptive Path Pump Isolation (Section 6. wasting energy 66 .4.2) If chilled water plant has more than one chiller or boiler plant has more than one boiler – Provide for flow reduction when chiller or boiler is shut down • Prevents mixing.

5.3) Affects systems with design capacity > 300.4.000 Btu/h – “To include controls to automatically reset supply water temperatures by representative building loads (including return water temperature) or by outside air temperature” Exceptions – Would result in improper operation • Watch interior constant loads – Hydronic systems with variable flow 67 .HVAC Prescriptive Path Chilled and Hot Water Temperature Reset Controls (Section 6.

1A-6.2.HVAC Prescriptive Path Heat Rejection Equipment (Section 6.5.1D” 68 .5) “Applies to heat rejection equipment used in comfort cooling systems such as – – – – air-cooled condensers open cooling towers closed-circuit cooling towers evaporative condensers Exceptions – Heat rejection devices included as an integral part of equipment listed devices whose energy usage is included in Tables 6.2.

5.HVAC Prescriptive Path Fan Speed Control (condenser) (Section 6.5 hp or larger shall have – capability to operate fan at 2/3 full speed or less – “controls to automatically change the fan speed to control the leaving fluid temperature or condensing temperature/pressure of the heat rejection device” Exceptions 69 .5.2) Each fan powered by a motor 7.

Exceptions Condenser fans serving multiple refrigerant circuits or flooded condensers Installations located in climate zones 1 and 2 1/3 of the fans on a multiple fan application speed controlled 70 .

2) 71 .5.6.6) Exhaust Air Energy Recovery (Section 6.HVAC Prescriptive Path Energy Recovery (Section 6.1) Heat recovery for Service Water Heating (Section 6.5.6.5.

50% effectiveness means change in enthalpy of the OA supply equal to 50% of the difference between the outdoor air and return air at design conditions – Hard to do with coil loops and heat pipes??? – Easier with wheels and plate hx Bypass or control heat recovery for economizer operation Exceptions: Lots – labs. if 60% of OA heat is site recovered or solar.6. heating in climate zone 1-3.1) Fans systems over 5.HVAC Prescriptive Path Exhaust Air Energy Recovery (Section 6.5. cooling in some climate zones (Colorado). grease kitchen hoods.000 cfm and minimum OA of 70% or greater of the design supply air quantity shall have an energy recovery system with at least 50% recovery effectiveness. others 72 . toxic. un-cooled spaces heated less than 60 deg.

2) Condenser heat recovery systems shall be installed for heating or preheating of service hot water provided all of the following are true: – 24/7 operation – Heat rejection of water cooled system exceeds 6.5.000 btu/h (less than 20 gpm on 100 deg rise) Heat recovery shall be the smaller of: – 60% of peak heat rejection (258 cooling tons) – Preheat service water to 85 deg Exceptions – If 30% of heat rejection for space heating – Facilities that provide 60% of their service water heating from site solar or site recovered energy 73 .000.HVAC Prescriptive Path Heat Recovery for Service Water Heating (Section 6.6.000 BTU/h (typically 430 to 440 tons of cooling) – Design service water heating load exceeds 1.000.

7.HVAC Prescriptive Path Kitchen Hoods (Exhaust) (Section 6.1) Hoods > 5000 cfm to be “provided with makeup air sized for at least 50% of exhaust air volume that is a) unheated or heated to no more than 60°F and b) uncooled or cooled without the use of mechanical cooling Exceptions – Where hoods are used to exhaust ventilation air that would otherwise exfiltrate or be exhausted by other fan systems – Certified grease extractor hoods that require a face velocity no greater than 60 fpm” 74 .5.

8) Required for unenclosed spaces except loading docks with air curtains “Radiant heating systems that are used as primary or supplemental enclosed space heating must be in conformance with the governing provisions of the standard” 75 .5.HVAC Prescriptive Path Radiant Heating Systems (Section 6.

000 Btu/h” 76 .000 BTU/h and below – 25% capacity above 240.HVAC Prescriptive Path Hot Gas Bypass Limitation (Section 6.000 BTU/h Exception – “Unitary packaged systems with cooling capacities not greater than 90.5.9) Shall not use HGBP (including other evaporator pressure control systems) “unless system is designed with multiple steps of unloading or continuous capacity modulation” Limited to: – 50% capacity 240.

HVAC Mandatory Provisions/Completion Req Drawings (Section 6.7.2) Record drawings of actual installation to building owner within 90 days of system acceptance and include. as a minimum – “Location and performance data on each piece of equipment – General configuration of duct and pipe distribution system including sizes – Terminal air or water design flow rates” 77 .

2.HVAC Mandatory Provisions/Completion Req Manuals (Section 6.7.2) Operating and maintenance manuals to building owner within 90 days of system acceptance 78 .

3) Balance in accordance w/generally accepted engineering standards (Appendix E) Written report for conditioned zones > 5000 ft2 79 .2.7.HVAC Mandatory Provisions/Completion Req System Balancing (Section 6.

2.2) Minimize throttling losses first For fans with system power > 1 hp – Adjust fan speed to meet design flow conditions 80 .HVAC Mandatory Provisions/Completion Req Air System Balancing (Section 6.3.7.

whichever is greater.2.7.HVAC Mandatory Provisions/Completion Req Hydronic System Balancing (Section 6. or 3 hp.3) Proportionately balanced to minimize throttling losses “Pump impeller trimmed or pump speed adjusted to meet design flow conditions” Exceptions – “Pumps with pump motors 10 hp or less – When throttling results in < 5% of the nameplate hp draw.3. above that required if the impeller was trimmed” 81 .

4) “Control elements are calibrated.HVAC Mandatory Provisions/Completion Req System Commissioning (Section 6.7.2. and in proper working condition” > 50.000 ft2 conditioned area – Except warehouses and semiheated spaces – Requires commissioning plan provided by the designer 82 . adjusted.

1 . l.1A and 6. Revise minimum efficiency standards for air-cooled air conditioners and heat pumps listed in Tables 6. g. r.pdf Clarification on Modeling Baseline Service Hot Water Systems for modeling Updated references Revise Tables 6.000 Btu/h.1B as follows for heat pumps over 65.8. t. c. s. i. k.1-2004 http://www. m.2004 ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA Addenda a.000 Btu/h. f. u.8.1B to reflect the newly adopted DOE efficiency standards for single-phase air conditioners and heat pumps less than 65. 83 .1A and 6.org/doclib/20060815_200661121930_347. j. v.ashrae. n. x.8. o. e. d. p.8. and ak Note that v replaced s – how do you keep up? ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90. b. h.Addenda to 90.

4.4.1 .and Oil-Fired Boilers—Minimum Efficiency Requirements 84 .3.4 as follows: 5.2 Dead Band & 6.1F Gas.1F as follow (I-P units): TABLE 6.6 Humidification and Dehumidification Revise Table A2.3 to add U-Factors for Screw-Down Roofs with R-19 Insulation as follows: Revise 5. Revise Table 6.1.3.8.Addenda to 90.3.3.3.3.5.4.6: 6.4.4.8 Ventilation Controls for High-Occupancy Areas.2004 Revise the exceptions to Sections 6. Changes to international Climatic Data Revise Section 6.8.4 Fenestration Solar Heat Gain Coefficient (SHGC).5.4.4.4.2 and 6.8 as follows (I-P and SI units): 6.1.

1.4.1G Requirements for Performance Heat Rejection Equipment 85 .1 Equipment Efficiencies.8.2004 6.4.4 Verification of Equipment Efficiencies. and Labeling Requirements – 6. Verification.1 .Addenda to 90. – TABLE 6.

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