CEOE Family and Consumer Sciences (09) Comprehensive Success System

Table of Content
THE FAMILY .............................................................................. 2 HUMAN DEVELOPMENT ............................................................. 4 MANAGEMENT........................................................................... 7 CONSUMER ECONOMICS ........................................................... 9 NUTRITION AND FOOD ........................................................... 14 CLOTHING AND TEXTILES....................................................... 26 HOUSING ................................................................................ 28 FAMILY AND CONSUMER SCIENCES EDUCATION .................... 28 QUESTION AND ANSWERS ...................................................... 30 REFERENCES........................................................................... 50

The Family
Family Structure It is a group of people allied by blood relations or by legal bonds like marriage or adoption. It is also referred to as group people joined through a common ancestral, matrimonial or adopt ional relationship. Different types of families are given below: 1. Single parent: In this family there is only single individual (father or mother) in the family unit raising the children. 2. Nuclear Family: It consists of parents (married couple) and their biological children and no other extended family members live with them. 3. Extended Family: In this type of family people from two or more different generation live together i.e. the family living in a single house consist of grandparents, parents and their children. 4. Blended Family: It consists of a child or children with one of their parents not their biological parent i.e. one of his/her parent is a stepparent. 5. Single individual: In this kind of family an individual alone brings up himself/herself without anyone else support. Family Stages Family stages starts from the first day of matrimonial relationship, when a person starts caring about himself and his spouse. Then they gave birth to child, nurture them, and providing them with basic amenities to sustain life and carries till one’s death. Various life stages can be summed up as follows: a) Beginning: 1. Infancy: It is a stage in which a child is nurtured and cared by mothers and child is sensitive to visual contact and touch. Relationship’s that matters are maternal parent and frequent caregiver. 2. Early Childhood: In this stage child learn to walk, talk and is able to feed himself. Development of motor takes place and new skills are gained. Parents have significant in the attainment and learning of new skills. 3. Play Age: new thoughts and desire keeps our mind busy and children try to explore the world. Some scientific explanations are needed to satisfy their quest and parents can mould their child in a way they want up to some extent. 4. School Age: in this stage the type of school they are visiting and their neighborhood affects children. It is a first stage for social development and the family has to cope with child changing environment and they are responsible for telling him what to leave and what to keep. 5. Adolescence: family members should provide their child with a role model and should act more as an elderly brother than a dictator. It is the stage in which a child decides his role in society and important relationship with peer group grew up. b) Expanding: 1. Young adulthood: This is the age in which new companion is sought and their relationship give birth to a new generation people look for isolation and new horizons. 2. Middle Adulthood: During this period people dedicate themselves towards earning, home and social issues. They bring up their child and looks for stability in life. c) Retirement: 8. Late Adulthood: It is last stage of life and adults tries to convince their children and grand children to learn from their experience and wisdom they have owned in their life. It is a stage in which they need to be cared by their son.

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Family Functions It includes all the tasks involved in raising a child to a self-reliant adult. 1. Education: Family has rightly been recognized as the first school of social education. It is the responsibility of family members to provide good education to a child. Education: it involves the learning process. Family has rightly been called as the first school of social virtues. Various learning theories are summed up as below: a) The Social Learning Theory: it relates learning through our relationships or learning through Modeling. Most of our early childhood learning comes from the imitation of significant adults in our life. b) Behavioral Learning Theory: people learn through effective fortification of rules, rewards and punishment. The way our conducts are rewarded or punished has the significant control on our future behavior. Since influence and shaping can be for good or bad, it is important that values and policies steer us. 2. Physical support: Family extends physical support to other family members whenever needed and keeps the relationship healthier by doing so. 3. Psychological support: It is necessary to keep person going out in life. Family members motivate each other and they help out themselves to come out from the state of depression and live happily. 4. Behavior modeling: an individual behavior is usually affected mostly by the family, community, school or in other the kind of environment in which he has been brought up. Thus a child behavior is merely a reflection of family member attitude most of the time. 5. Hereditary effects: it is the process of passing characteristics from parents to their offspring’s. Hereditary transmission includes physical features resemblance, mental traits and materialistic things like property etc. It also includes hereditary disease passed on to child from their parents. 6. Parenting: It includes: a) Physical care: family looks after and supplies child’s necessary diet according to the age and seeks advice from the doctor whenever a necessity is felt. b) Provision of basic amenities like food, drink, shelter, clothes, and entertainment. Family members provide and look after for their welfare. c) Educational and emotional support: It is an equally important task for the parents to provide a good educational environment to their child so that they learn to carry themselves throughout their life. They also gave emotional support to their child to come out of depressing situation. d) Social and moral development: The education and environment must support the social and moral development of a child. e) Parents can also punish their children if necessary: It is done to avoid development of bad habits. 7. Fostering self worth: Self worth is established when anyone helps out others to come out of a situation by providing moral, monetary support etc. or by developing sound understanding on social and other worldly affairs. 8. Stable relation: unstable relation has bad impact on the growing children and these effects can have profound affects on one’s social and cognitive aspects of development. Stable relationship is necessary to keep harmonious relation among the family and community. Family is the first and foremost place for knowing the worth of stable relationship. 9. Recreation: It is necessary for changing the mood and for relaxation. Family provides the means and modes of entertainment like, TV, picnic etc. They also provide the basic things necessary for child to play games.

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Factors affecting family relationship Family Task Areas includes1. Basic: It is includes the provision of food, money, shelter and other necessities of life. 2. Developmental: it is concerned with individual and family stages of growth. 3. Crisis tasks: it relates to the situation of grief and grievances, remorse, loss and damage and how the family members are able to cope with the situation. Multiple roles: An individual has to pass through multiple during a day in a family and has to change according to the need and time for coping with the family members. He/she has to establish clear and flexible roles to carry themselves for healthy family development. Everyone is needed to decide his own task to be fulfilled for the family growth. Communication-pattern: It is defined as the way in which a verbal and nonverbal information exchange is carried out within a family. It includes various factors like feeling expression to one another; listening to other and seeking opinion from others are essential for effective family communication. Conflict prevention and resolution: if properly followed and incalculated in family culture, the below steps will prevent any kind of conflict1. Affective Responsiveness. 2. Affective Involvement. 3. Behavior Control. 4. Focus on Family Strengths. 5. Family Assessment.

Human Development
Theories of Development Various theories have been premeditated and the discipline has grown throughout to be a central constituent of tentative psychology. Archetypal among those first interpretations of children was: 1. Gesell and F.L. Illg's: They carried out cross-sectional study to examine the norms of child development. They describe their work in their famous book, "Infant and Child in the Culture of Today". 2. Erik Erikson’s Theory: He matured his psycho Social theory on the basis of Freud's early psychosexual theory of development. He drags the idea of Freud toward the entire life span. He put emphasis on the fact that personality development of a child is determined by the amount of cooperation and support of their parents gave them during child’s early procreative and hostile drives. Erik saw the development in human being as their desire and will to come over the crisis time. He accredited that usual development must be rationalized in alliance to the cultural context in which it occurs. 3. Jean Piaget’s: He aroused a tumult in human development theory, his theory was based on the cognitive development among the children. The four stage of cognitive development, viz. a) The sensory motor stage- 0-2 years.

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b) The pre-operational stage- 2-7 years. c) Concrete stage- 7-12 years. d) Formal stage- 12- 18 years. 4. Sigmund Freud’s Theory: His theories are based on dynamic or unconscious psychological processes leading to conflicts and adoption of the environment due to different situation. He related the development later relationship and behavior to childhood events and laid down his five stages of psychosexual development. Many other thinkers postulated their theories based on the observation and experiments but above given are most famous theories of their times. Development tasks and processes Social: Man is gregarious by instinct and is most comfortable in company. He interacts with people around him, his family, neighborhood and other members of the community/society. As the individual grows the ability of social interaction improves. The individual social behavior improves with maturity. He/she learns to conduct in the company of sorts in accordance with acceptable social norms. Social development starts from the age of seven and continues throughout one’s life. It includes talking, helping, listening, sympathizing and much more. Physical: It starts before the birth and continues up to the young adulthood. Children grew up in size and appearance of sexual gland size increases and related growth appears in all the body parts of human being. Physical development occurs in accordance with the social needs of the person. Environment and hereditary effects influence the physical growth up to much extent. Psychological/emotional: It includes all the mental activities required for the acquisition, processing, organizing and application of knowledge. It is an ongoing process and in every stage of life, there is an expansion in the capacity and style of learning that improves the awareness, imagination, judgement and insight. A child of 0-2 years learns to communicate usually through the reflex actions. Young children attribute feeling and intentions to objects. A child of 7- 12 years learns seriation and decline in egocentrism takes place. After this stage he develops strong emotional and psychological thoughts and look for his own identity. Intellectual development: It starts from the age of 2 years normally egocentric but afterwards relational and prepositional thinking takes place of that and this allows individual to develop his personality and they lay down their own norms to be followed. It is an important aspect of growth and development as this the aspects which differentiate human being from other species. Variation in development Handicapping: Physical disorder may be by birth or accident can lead to this miss-happening. It leads to difficulty in learning, reading, walking, talking or other activities. These children with disabilities require special treatment and attention of family members and the community. Special measures and laws have been implemented for taking care of these people, so that they can effectively carry out their daily task. Every individual with disabilities has right to get education and parents should look for their rehabilitation program. Drugs and alcohol abuse Alcohol: The process of fermentation manufactures alcohol. It can be used for clinical, cleaning or sedative purpose. But people use it for drinking purpose to calm anxiety and produce relaxation or for enjoyment purpose. Alcohol affects the central nervous

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more or less leads to the road of suicide. 3. Company factor. Use of drugs and alcohol's has severe effects on an individual and society: 1. 4. Gateway for other diseases 3. When a person starts making his mind for suicide his actions reflects his attitude. which can be related to ones having these destructive drugs may be summed up as follows: 1. Family members should avoid aggressive behavior. 6 . Parents should extend their helping hand to teenagers in this situation. unhealthy family relations. Teenage develops felling of anger. which if recognized and treated properly would help in stopping him from the suicidal attempt. Decline in family relationships. 2. stress. Antisocial behavior. It can result in various kinds of disorders or the reduction in physical gain may also take place. motivating the child and adolescence for the adoption of good habit and to keep away from the bad habits in cultivation. Out of anxiety and agitation. Various factors.system and slows the function. financial insecurity and pressure to cope with the changing time. which tells them about the family life. it will improve their performance. from abortion to adoption. Excitement Drugs: Drugs include chemicals or other harmful substances. Suicides Depression. and 4. Company of a person 4. Family factors 2. confusion. It leads to very serious impact on the child and her mother. It can lead to physical or sexual aggression. and sexual education. Some take it because they thought. It may lead physical or mental illness. Open communication with the teenagers. Teenage pregnancies It is a common seen we encounter in our daily life in today's society. They should be loved. cared and a proper feedback should be given for distraction. 3. quarrel between father and mother. Avoiding bad company are some the preventive measures and post measures includes seeking advice from a medical practitioner. They should have: 1. Habit of drinking alcohol arises due to various circumstances like: 1. results in intoxication. Pleasure sake. AS this seems to be the solution of every thing and this is very petty of their thought. guilt and denial. A psychiatric examination can be very helpful because a sign of psychosis prevails in his/her activities. 2. Babies are at risk of neglect and abuse. Counseling about options available to them. Environmental factors 3. 2. These are carried to different parts of the body when taken by the person and affect the functioning of those parts. mothers are uncertain about their roles and sometimes education is left behind due to the scenario so created. They should provide education.

better competitive market. family and the community. c) Developing skills at work: it will save time and energy both. for example. The success of management lies in the proper exploitation and optimum utilization of the available resources. It is through management alone that you can bring in an orderly change or development. iv. List all the activities to be performed during a given period of time. last but not the least.Management Management Theory Management is the need of the day. Various steps in making a time plan:i. Some changes are apparently visible. Mark your fixed time activity on the time plan. storage space and equipment: . List all those activities. Change in work. Management of time: Both time and energy are limited human resources. A time plan can be defined as the advance plan of the activities to be performed in a given time period. greater mechanization of the home and greater mobility of families are the new options open in front of a home maker. Optimum realization of time is known as time management. iii. Management process and technique Due to the advancement or change. as a result of great industrialization. 3. Poor manger will be a source of torture for everyone and the community may have to pay a high price for him or her. happiness and high standard of an individual. Work can be simplified in the following ways: i. Changes in hand and body motion: a) Eliminating unnecessary extra movements: this can save considerable amount of time and energy. ii. Prepare a tentative plan. The equipment placed should be easy to grasp. It is needed when people fight together for a social cause. Management is needed when parents want that their children should peruse higher education. d) Using correct posture: it ensures less expenditure of energy and reduces the problem of fatigue and backache. The objectives or goals may 7 . 1. For example using a tray instead of carrying items individually. iii. b) Improving the sequence of work: better sequencing and dovetailing of activities reduces the expenditure of time and energy in a particular task. an efficient management depends upon the welfare. They should be within the reach and use of labor saving device. increased gainful employment for homemakers. Work simplification: it means reducing the amount of time and energy spent on a particular job and thus ensuring effective energy management.it lays emphasis on the organization. They are inter-linked and inter-dependent. the need for management becomes all the more great. which have to be done at a specific time. handle and see. Leading to the fulfillment of these actions is dependent on various decisions involved. Adjust other weekly and seasonal activities into the above plan. THE PROCESS OF MANGEMENT Following managerial process can attain management in the home. It consists of series of planned actions directed towards the accomplishment of the desired goals. Changes in end product: careful planning to bring change and willing ness to accept change. ii. The term process may be explained as consisting of a series of actions.

carrying out necessary actions.be different for different families.e. 1. While making a plan. What must be done? What are the different stages of the action plan and what is their sequential arrangement? 3. Controlling 5. For efficient planning one must answer the following basic questions. One formulates the ways and means of using information in utilizing the resources. relevant information is collected and analyzed. The management process comprises of the following five interdependent and inters related steps: 1. Why a particular action is essential? 2. a homemaker plans the home schedule right from the morning to the night. It is the doing process of management. Implementation 4. ORGANIZING Organizing is one of the most crucial steps in management.’ organizing’ can be explained as a technique of arranging things in an orderly fashion. How will it be done? A successful plan will have the following characteristics. a student plans her day’s schedule. Evaluation Planning The tem planning is very commonly used in relation to day to day activities for example a teacher may plan her lessons. It is one of the supportive columns on which success of plan depends. i. it is ready to be put into action. Organizing 3. In simple terms. Flexible. facts and considered estimates”. all efforts 8 . IMPLEMENTING Implementing means putting the plan into action.” Planning is an intellectual process. In home. Action-oriented 3. When will it be done? 5. Through 4. According to Koontz and O’ Donnel. CONTROLLING Controlling is yet another important in managerial process. Where will it be done. The very success and failure of a plan depends on how sound the organization structure is. where various plans are made and several activities are performed. the basing of decision on purpose. some form of organization is must. Planning is always based on facts and information and not on wishes or feelings. Motivating family members for the active participation 5. In the absence of proper control. 1. Organization means a process of combining work of the family members with the resources necessary for its execution. For accomplishment of desired goals of the family the homemaker follows the managerial process in which she synchronies various actions the family members and channelize those actions towards a common goal. Planning 2. Simple 2. the place where the action will be carried out? 4. Who will perform it? 6. When a plan has been finalized and resources are assembled and organized. the conscious determination of the course of action.

It is needed at every step of management. It helps in assessing the success and achievement of the process of management and of the result achieved. For identifying such an alternative. It helps in judging the strength and overcoming weakness of the entire process with a view to make improvements in future planning. which he bears. During controlling the corrective measure can be taken if events seem to be getting off the track. Controlling is the art of measurement and application of correction to any performance activity. one meets with several situations and problems that call for decision to be taken. 2.e. If anything goes wrong with the prior action plan i. You should not succumb to advertisement tactics. Decision should be based on the facts and figures best known to you. 2. Societal influence on consumer decisions Impacts of marketing: It creates demand and affects the consumer decision by advertising to lure and attract the public. Obtaining information and formulating possible courses of action.will prove to be a failure. SELECTING THE BEST COURSE OF ACTION Selecting the best course of action from amongst the various alternatives is a difficult task. it can be set right by the control process. time. Consumer has many legal rights but has many social duties or responsibility to be fulfilled at time like: 1. It requires the proper assessments of the values for each of the alternatives. Steps in decision-making process. In light of other possibilities new decisions must be taken. money. the decisionmaker has to identify one of the alternatives. which may be the best in all respects. proves incorrect when implemented. In some cases. organizing or implementing. planning. Consumer Economics Consumer rights and responsibilities Legal and ethical considerations: The word ethic signifies morality and sense of Wright and wrong. Evaluation has to be done from time to time. it also happens that the selection of a particular course of action. Evaluation indicates providing checks and test so as to know whether things are turning out as originally planned or whether any modifications are needed. once considered to be the best. EVALUATION Evaluation is a very essential tool of the management. Controlling helps in smooth execution of the plan. Identify the problem. At every step. It helps in channeling the efforts to the common goal of becoming an architect. EVALUATING THE CONSEQUENCES OF EACH ALTERNATIVE After collecting the relevant information on all possible alternatives. energy etc. Payment of bills and other social obligation. Consumer has the right to waive disclaimer or notice to company or organization which does not come up to its stated quality or in case of any kind of cheat or fraud. 9 . DECISION-MAKING Decision-making is the crux of management. 1. each alternative has to be evaluated thoroughly in terms of cost.

8. Does a nationally recognized accrediting body such as the Joint Commission accredit the organization? 10.Consumer Resources Consumer is needed to make a decision before buying anything. See for quality check (r). Selection of services and product It should be done on the basis money. AARP= it looks for the needs and interest for the adult persons. National Consumer Law Center = it advocates for low-income and elderly Americans on consumer law and public policy. Health care services: This requires special thought and attention. 9. time. Today a person can find many private and government agencies that can help in making the right decision. Budget consists of step-by-step use of money in a planned manner. American Association of Family and Consumer Sciences (AAFCS)= it provides assistance and arrange programs that educates and publish research findings. Financial Planning and Management Family Budget: Money is a limited resource but if used wisely can solve much of your problem. It is needed for: 1. Staff is well qualified or not 4. If consumer knows what he/she is looking for and what it should contain then it will add to his/her decisive power of purchasing it or not. Some of them are listed below3. Consumer Federation of America = it is an advocacy organization. National Consumers League = it advocates consumer on market place and workplace. 11. so that future saving or other long term or short-term goal can be met. Organization's service philosophy 2. You can consult your physician for best services available and your own mental imagery. Does the organization develop a remission plan to ensure proper care is provided after the patient leaves the hospital? 6. Consumers' Checkbook = for consumer’s awareness 10. 12. Crisis interventions used in the organization 3. Citizen Advocacy Center (CAC)= for health related services. It is helpful in putting limits on your spending 10 . American Council on Consumer Interests (ACCI) 6. behavioral & physical needs 5. Does the organization took care of complete assessment of emotional. Does the organization have a procedure for receiving and resolving complaints of the individual served and the family concerning the quality of care? 7. Are the buildings and grounds suitable to the nature of the services provided and the age of persons served? 8. 7. Consumer Union = it provides an unbiased advice based on consumers reports There are various institutions providing information regarding product information. quality and urgency for the product. It is needed for keeping track of money. 5. You should look for1. 4. A consumer must look for appropriate resources before making a decision. Consumer Coalition for Quality Health Care = it aims at quality health care service provision. 2.

bonds. the bond is said to have "matured" and the buyer may redeem the bond for the full face value. The most important part is to keep an account of you saving i. Adjust your budget 4. You should also know which saving scheme suits you best. bonds. The entire income sources should be included. Keeping in mind the above plan you should go for investment. Purchasing home 2. 6. 4. Planning retirement 4. It should be based on your future financial goals. 9. Long-term investment includes – 1. 11. 12. Investment can be made in – A) Bonds: A bond is an "IOU. House repair and maintenance. Other occasional expenses. Municipal bonds 3.e. Children education and clothing or other expenses should be tracked. Family and personal care expenses should be checked off. Advantages 11 . Federal government bonds B) Mutual funds: Professionally managed portfolios made up of stocks. Portion of income you are spending on household requirement. how much you are saving at the end of month excluding your expenses. Types 1. You should also keep record of how much you have to pay for taxes. How much you spend on your recreational activities. It should keep an account for your future investments and support payments. Individuals buy shares. and fund uses money to purchase stocks. utility service or any other kind of obligation you have to go for in that month.Budget should be made in keeping mind the following things: 1. Investments First step is to determine your long-term and short-term goals Short-term investment includes1. Transportation expenses should be included. 3. Differentiate between need and desire. quarterly or semi-annually in the form of dividends. 8. 7. Saving for child's education 3. Corporate bonds 2. Understand your fixed and flexible expenditures 3. Recreational activities 3." certifying that you loaned money to a government or corporation and outlining the terms of repayment. The bond has a fixed interest rate for a fixed period of time. Paying down debt To proceed in an effective manner you have to – 1. 5. and other investments. Identify Your Income source 2. 10. Gift 2. 2. Profits returned to shareholders monthly. When the time is up. and other investments.

Retirement plans: They are meant to help individuals to set aside money to be used after they retire. An individual Retirement Account (IRA) 5. There are several things to be sure about necessary income to finance your retirement. Fewer impulse buying 2. Types of mutual funds 1. Income tax rate is lower after retirement on account of low-income resources. Keogh Plan Traditional IRA: An IRA is an individual retirement fund that he/she can form by making saving each year. 4. This gives Protection against inflation. Allows small investors to take advantage of professional account management and diversification normally only available to large investors. Regional Stock Fund C) Real estate: Buying a house. Roth IRA 6. Disadvantages 1. 2. living in that and selling it later at a profit. Lower cost for items purchased 3. Roth IRA: A Roth IRA is an individual retirement fund that he/she can form by making contributions each year. Contributions are non-tax deductible. 2. Municipal bond Fund 8.1. except held down by convinced state of affairs. 12 . 401(k) 7. These contributions are usually tax-free at the year of the contribution and are subject to tax the year it is withdrawn. Federal income tax is not at once payable on money put into a retirement account or on the interest it makes. But planning should be made as soon as possible. A requires study and knowledge of business. Global Stock Fund 4. Penalty charges apply if money is withdrawn before retirement age. Lower chance of overspending. Retirement Planning: A person’s full retirement age 65 years and 4 months. Global Bond Fund 3. Features – 1. Balanced Fund 2. Advantages 1. Income Fund 6. Income sources if you rent it. Income tax is paid when money is withdrawn. Ability to obtain needed items at your desire 4. Growth Fund 5. Can be difficult to convert into cash. Credit: It helps us in the following ways: 1. 3. Industry Fund 7. Types of plans 4.

Checking account is specially designed for meeting the regular transaction. or a series of periodic payments. These payments can be made over a definite period of time.00 per month. Other terms and conditions Following factors should be kept in mind: Fees. 2. and penalties And interested rate offered. Money earned comes from the interest rate or annual yield. Financial institutions should disclose 1. charges. it usually cost from $5.Saving account: The APY (annual percent yield) that is the percentage rate expressing the total amount of interest that would be received is based on the annual rate and frequency of compounding for a 365-day period.00 to $12. Fees on deposit accounts 2. to be automatically withdrawn from account. individuals can then receive regular annuity payments from the insurance company. It is a long-term contract between you and an insurance company. The interest rate 3.it is the shorthand label used in describing the supplier's contractual responsibilities (or guarantees) regarding the quality or fitness of the goods. Annuities: These are manageable insurance contracts intended to provide income and help you achieve long-term savings goals. Guarantees: means the replacement of the product with a new one in case of not coming up to the terms defined in the contract or in case of damage. Warranties: It implies that the product will be repaired and service according to the contract. which a customer has to make to fulfill his liability. It is very convenient and helpful if you want to pay your recurring bills or when you want that a fixed amount for loan etc. After making a single lump-sum premium payment. There are two kinds of warranties: 1. or they can last a lifetime. Variable annuity Checking Accounts Accounts are needed for saving money in a bank. These are of two types – 4. Government agencies: 13 . Consumer Protection (Guarantees/Warranties) Terminology: . Fixed annuity 5. you don’t even have to write checks for those. Implied warranties: which don't depend simply on what the supplier says. but are based on the consumer's reasonable expectations about the goods in all the circumstances. You can go for any of the option available with the bank but before going for that you must look for personal and family requirement and proceed in accordance with that. You can also find some institution offering free checking. A track of transaction can be easily maintained and it’s very cheaper to go with. Express warranties: which are based on what the supplier says about the goods.

Nutrients Classification. Functions of food: 1. maintenance.e.1. Tissues need to be repaired 14 . Consumer Product Safety Commission – it works on reducing the mortality rate on account of consumer products. a) Physiological functions. tissue repair and work. 2. Public Citizen – it represents consumer interests in Congress. Consumer Gateway – it provides sources available for various categories of consumer products available online. 2. 3. Vitamins and 5. Fat. 4. 5. National Association of Consumer Advocates – they represents consumers’ interest. Department of Agriculture – it include meat and poultry inspection system. Physiological functions: a) Energy giving food: Energy is required for voluntary and involuntary functions i. playing etc (involuntarily function). These substances are: 1. digestion and absorption (voluntarily function) and walking. and nutrition research and policy. Nutrition and Food Food: it is defined as any nutritive material of plant or animal origin which when taken into the human body meets the need for growth. together termed as metabolism. Food and Drug Administration – it take cares for the medicinal things to common food ingredients. Functional Classification. Consumer Advocates groups: 1. b) Fat. 2. develop and maintain good health. 4. They help in the regulation of body processes and are not nutrients in real sense. Nutrients: These can be defined as small chemical component of food capable of performing functions related to body’s ability to work grow. circulation. consumer education on food safety. Carbohydrates. for processes like respiration. and c) Socio-cultural function. a) Protein. b) Body building food: Body goes through constant anabolic and catabolic activities. Classification of food: 1. b) Psychological functions. 2. Protein. 3. Minerals. and e) Minerals. It is made up small chemical units called nutrients. the executive branch and the courts. Federal Citizen Information Center – this agency looks out for consumer problems and government services. c) Vitamins d) Carbohydrates. The other two components of food are water and roughage.

active men (Servings) 11 Bread.408 2.e.112 1. and Cheese 2.because they wear out because activities carried out by the men. for a total of 6 ounces 4 3 2 or 3 3.464 Heavy (ounces) 23.76 1. women.408 Adult woman Moderate (ounces) 15.448 1.408 Sedentary (ounces) 20. c) Protective food: food is needed for providing protection against the deficiency diseases i. kind of work etc. thus bridging the cultural differences. diseases acquired due to unbalanced diet. Refreshment brings people together and eases the general atmosphere. when one is in a good mood.584 2.408 2. Yogurt. active women. and Pasta.408 2.76 1.584 3. Factors influencing nutritional needs Various factors contribute towards the nutritional needs of human body like age.52 15 . Psychological function: Food satisfies the emotional need in an individual.408 1. especially whole grain Meat. sex.76 3.52 1. for a total of 7 ounces 5 4 2 or 3 Above-mentioned serving follows American dietary guideline norms. Rice. Nuts Vegetable Group Fruit Group Milk. One tends eat more.816 Sedentary (ounces) 14. Water helps in disposing of wastes from body and roughage facilitates peristaltic movements and prevents constipation. depress appetite in some individuals and some people derive satisfaction of company from food and eat more. Dry Beans. 2.192 1. Loneliness. It is the activity which a person carries out during the daily routine best describes how much food and nutrient supply is needed for a person and Food group Children ages 2 to 6 years. Fish.304 1.112 Moderate (ounces) 18. d) Regulatory food: Water and roughage is needed to regulate the various body activities. Socio-cultural functions: People try to try out food outside the meal pattern at a social get together.52 1.24 1.432 1. New tissues are also added on during the period of rapid growth and development. Social and cultural events are often accompanied by refreshments and feast shared with friends and relatives. some older adults (servings) 6 Older children. Nutritional Guidelines Recommended Balanced diet intakeFor Adults Food items Adult man Working condition Cereals Pulses Leafy vegetables Other vegetables Sedentary (ounces) 16. Cereal. 3. teen girls. most men (servings) 9 Teen boys. for a total of 5 ounces 3 2 2 or 3 2. Poultry.408 3.

584 1.584 1.464 150 2.8 1.232 12.56 15 1.056 1.784 50 1.76 5.584 15.232 1.232 1.408 8.056 .112 7.584 1.232 1.232 1.232 1.76 2.64 1.8 1.232 1.64 1.056 1. 3.704 .04 1.52 20 1.232 1.04 1.8 1.936 1.64 1.584 1.28 1.704 8.408 1.112 2.056 1.056 1.816 8.232 1.056 1.Roots and tubers Milk Oil and fat Eggs Meat and fish Sugar and jaggery 1.232 1.056 9. 2.232 1.52 2.232 8.232 .112 2.76 1.056 1.056 1.112 8. goitre etc.056 1.28 1.76 2.64 1.8 1. absorption and utilization of food for the well being of the living organism.8 1.76 8.8 1.76 150 2.84 2.056 1.056 .584 1.408 1.408 1.056 Nutrients: nutrition is a process of ingestion.136 1.408 For child and teens: Food items Children (ounces) Age 1-3 4-6 7-9 years years Years Cereals Pulses Leafy vegetables Leafy vegetables Other vegetables Roots and tubers Milk Oil and fat Eggs Meat and fish Sugar and jaggery 6.112 7.232 2.056 1.232 1.76 5.52 2.8 2.352 10.056 1.056 1. digestion. Over nutrition: It results when individual eats more food than his requirement.408 8.408 1. 4.32 1.056 1.8 1.056 1. 16 .056 1.408 8. Basic terms defining nutrition conditions: 1.408 Girls (ounces) 101315-18 12 15 Years years years 13.232 8.76 1.056 1.232 1. It provides as reserve as well.704 2.408 1.056 1. Optimum nutrition: A person is known to be in the state of optimum nutrition when the essential nutrients are supplied and utilized to maintain health and well being at the highest possible level.16 1.32 1.8 2.232 1.8 2.056 1.704 1.408 15.37 6 1.112 3.056 12. Under-nutrition: It is a state of the body arising from in-adequate intake of food and resultant reduced body weight.584 1.76 1.28 25 1.408 1.232 1.76 3.584 1.056 1.056 8.056 8.056 1.112 3.056 2.056 1.056 . Excessive intake of food will make the individual over weight.8 25 1.64 1.76 Boys (ounces) 10-12 13-15 16-18 years years years 14.504 1. Malnutrition: It is defined as a state in which prolonged lack of one or more nutrients retards physical development or causes the appearances of specific clinical conditions such as anaemia.

Sources of Carbohydrates: Cereals Roots and tubers Wheat Potatoes Rice Colacasia Ragi Yam Maize Tapioca Bread Turnips Biscuits Beet root Sweet Foods Jaggery Honey Grapes Ripe banana Mango Dates 17 . 3. lactalbumin. The antibodies providing immunity are proteins in nature. 5. 3.These are complex organic compounds made up of carbon. responsible for the various vital activities of the body are also proteins in nature. There are twenty-two amino acids contents. Globin protein is an essential part of connective tissues hemoglobin. Carbohydrates taken in sufficient amount have a protein sparing action. which are not produced inside the human body. which are needed by the human body. Essential for growth of new cells in the body. fibrin. Functions of proteins: 1. 4. Enzymes and coenzymes are responsible for the digestions of food are proteins in origin. Carbohydrates perform the regulatory functions in the body. collagen Gelatin Lysine Glutenin. Functions of Carbohydrates: 1.Function and sources of food Proteins: . 4. Proteins are also capable of giving energy supply. The bacteria derive energy from the carbohydrates for the synthesis of Bcomplex vitamins present in the gastro-intestinal tract. hydrogen and oxygen. 2. Sources of proteins: Name of food Milk Egg white Meat Blood Hoof Pulses Wheat Barley Maize Hair Proteins Present Casein. and also the supply of oxygen is regulated by hemoglobin. 6. are called as essential Aminoacids and vice-versa. gliadin Hordenin Orzenin Keratin Carbohydrates: .These are complex organic compounds with nitrogen as the integral part and are made up of small units called amino acids. Carbohydrates constitute the bulk of most diets. Hormones. There are two kinds of amino acids essential and nonessential. 5. 2. responsible for the maintenance of old and worn out tissues. Carbohydrates are essential for the metabolism of the fats. They are referred to as saccharides. lactoglobin Albumin and avidin Myosin Globin. certain amino acids. It is the main source of energy and gives 4 calories of energy per gram.

For proper functioning of sweat glands. Fats provide fatty layer below the skin that checks the loss of heat from the body or it acts as insulation between external and internal environment. Riboflavin is essentials for the enzymes that help in the metabolism of carbohydrates. fats. D. Fats/lipids are a reservoir of calories. Fats are complex organic compounds made of glycerol and fatty acids. It is required for the proper functioning of eyes (Rhodopsin). 3. Pregnancy and lactation requires higher Thiamine intakes 4. It is important for normal tissue function.These are organic substances. 4. 5. For normal functioning of foetal tissue. Fats lubricate digestive tract and facilitate evacuation of waste from the body. Fats supply the essential soluble vitamins-A. carbon tetra chloride and alcohol etc. Functions of Vitamins: Name of Vitamin Vitamin-A Function of Vitamin 1.Fats or Lipids: Fats are concentrated forms of energy in the diet. in small amounts for its metabolism. which the body requires. Functions of fats: 1. 5. Thiamine (B1) is required for the well being of nerves. Fatty layers/adipose tissue provides protection to the delicate internal organs. All vitamins differ in chemical and physiological actions. 1. 3. and proteins. 2. E. 2.fatsoluble and water-soluble. 4. 2. these are composed of carbon. For proper development of skeletal. 3. benzene. & K and aids in the absorption of these vitamins. seborrhea of skin and cracking of lips and tongues. It prevents Occular lesions. Vitamins are of two types. For epithelial cells. 18 Vitamin-B . hydrogen and oxygen in different proportions. Sources of fats: Animal Fats Milk Cream Butter Egg yolk Pure gee Lard Suet Fish Vegetable fats Vanaspati ghee Oils from corn Peanuts Sesame Sunflower Cotton seeds Nuts Vitamins: . yet cannot make it at least in sufficient quantities. 5. They are complex soluble in ether.

It heals wounds. P u m p k i n Dark-green leafy vegetables such as spinach. connective tissue and cartilage. 5. teeth dentin. peppers. a protein essential for binding and cementing the teeth on the jaws. Helps in the metabolism of amino acids tyrosine and in the functioning of adrenal glands. For the normal functioning of gastro intestinal tract. For the process of calcification. 4. 6. Cooked dry beans and peas. Green peas Vitamin C 1. Protects body against infections 7. It promotes the tabular absorption of phosphorous in the kidney. Minerlisation of bones and their normal growth. turnip greens 3. Regeneration of red blood cells. 3. cantaloupe 2. 6. cabbage. 8. 2. 1. Dark-green leafy vegetables like spinach and mustard greens. It is required for the proper formation of intracellular glandular substance or matrix that binds the cells in tissues as capillaries. 4. Vitamin-C (Ascorbic acid) 1. orange juice 3. potatoes Vitamin-D Name Vitamin A Folate 19 . Oranges. 7. romaine lettuce 4. It promotes the absorption of calcium and phosphates from small intestine. bones. 2. Citrus fruits and juices. Broccoli. kiwi fruit. apricots Tomatoes 1. For the absorption of iron in the body. Orange fruits like mango. antaloupe. sweet potatoes. tomatoes. 3. peanuts 2. strawberries. Folic acid is necessary for the metabolism of proteins. 2. In the formation of red blood cells in bone marrow. It maintains collagen. Orange vegetables like carrots. Source 1. collards.of skin and cracking of lips and tongues. 4.

Leafy greens such as romaine lettuce. 2. greens. 20 . v. Functions of minerals: 1. Heart has got enough calcium in the fluid that batches the heart muscles and is responsible for the muscles contractions and relaxations. It provides proper color and composition to blood by mixing with proteins. 3. turnip 4. ii. Iodine in thyroxine and iron in hemoglobin aid the oxidation process in the body. c) Iodine: i. It is responsible for the formation of blood clot. fats and carbohydrates within the cell. It controls the functioning of the nerves. which stores O2 in the muscles and uses it for concentration. They regulate acid base balance. It helps in oxidation of proteins. ii. iv. It provides rigidity to bones. 4. a) Calcium: i. Iron is present in muscles as myoglobin. Calcium regulates cell permeability. These are water-soluble and the excess is excreted through urine. spinach Minerals: These are the elements that remain largely as ash when plant or animal tissues are burnt. Iodine controls the oxidation of carbohydrates and energy metabolism. iii. iv. Iron is responsible tissue respiration. ii. iii. Calcium is needed for the normal functioning of muscles. It helps in contraction and relaxation of muscles.3. sulphur and chlorine are alkaline forming. Fluoride is needed for teeth and bones. They are called as major minerals and trace minerals depending upon the amount required in the body. b) Iron: i. They consist about 40% of body weight. potassium. Phosphorous and calcium are acid forming elements while calcium.

liver and other organ meats 3. Cheddar. Turkey dark meat (remove skin to reduce fat) 5. Sardines (high in salts) 7. mussels. Soup made with milk 10. crabs. and Parmesan 4. Soy-based beverage with added calcium Tofu. winter (orange) squash 2. Cooked dry beans (such as kidney beans and pinto beans). Sardines 6. 6. Orange juice 4. Canned fish with soft bones such as salmon. turnip greens 1. 3. Bananas. if made with calcium sulfate 5. Ready-to-eat cereals with added iron 4. Natural cheeses such as Mozzarella. Dark-green leafy vegetables such as collards. Baked white or sweet potato. Breakfast cereal with added calcium 6. cooked greens (such as spinach). dried fruits such as apricot sand prunes. lobsters. Swiss. Sea salts. Enriched and whole grain breads 1. 11. prawn. Seafood such as fish. Spinach 8. Milk (lactose free and lactose reduced milk) 3. It is present in water. peas (such as blackeyed peas). Lean meats (especially beef). clams. and lentils 9. Pudding made with milk 9.Yogurt 2. Potassium Iodine 21 . Cooked dry beans (such as baked beans) and lentils 5. Shellfish like shrimp. and oysters 2. 7.Sources of Minerals: Name Calcium Iron Sources 1. Fruit juice with added calcium 8. plantains.

enemas. the intentional restriction of their intake of it plus a general psychological obsession caused by starvation. psychotherapy 2. A person with a BMI over 25 is considered overweight. the current measurement of obesity is the body mass index (BMI). 5. Genetic. Treatment of any present vitamin and dietary-mineral deficiencies. Family counseling. Bulimia: Bulimia nervosa. is expanded far beyond usual levels to the point where it is believed to pose a health risk to the human. Physiological or psychological in origin. Obesity It is a state in which the natural energy reserve of a human. Mental illnesses 3. 2. Depression Causes of anorexia 1. Anorexia treatment-centers 3. Bulimia is a pathology having to do with body image and the desperate desire to appear thin. Conducive neurophysiologic conditions. is commonly called as bulimia. a BMI over 30 is considered obese. Deficiencies in important vitamins and minerals. lead. 22 . 6. 3. Vomiting 2. 4. beryllium and arsenic poisoning. Some anorectics may embody bulimic behaviors into their illness. which is stored in fat. Psychotropic drugs such as antidepressants 5. Treating anorexia1. which deals with eating disorders. Psychological difficulties 2. In humans. 6. Inappropriate use of laxatives. Mercury. it is a psychological condition in which the person engages in repeated binge eating followed by intentionally doing one or more of the following in order to compensate for the intake of the food and prevent weight gain: 1. While bulimia person suffers more from mental discomfort. such as magnesium and the B vitamins. Excessive exercising 4. Fasting A person is unable to controlling the urge to binge. Support groups such as Overeaters Anonymous.Related Health Problems Anorexia – it is a type of eating disorder. Mix of both. 4. diuretics or other medication 3. Zinc deficiency. 7. Person suffering from Anorexia generally have1. Hospitalization. which is basically characterized by the sufferer's obsession with food.

Reducing physical activity 3. Common drugs in pill form for example. Heart disease 2.Health risk1. 4. Drugs promoting weight loss 3. High triglyceride levels in the blood (metabolic syndrome) 4. education and life-style. 4.The virus AD-36 has been identified as a cause of obesity in animals. Juvenile diabetes a) Adult onset b) Gestational diabetes (during pregnancy) 2. 3. 2. It can arise in diabetics who have too much insulin (from injections or from insulin release stimulating drugs -. respond up to a minimal standard to it. 2. pills. which demand insulin to absorb glucose no longer. Treatment of obesity 1. Hyperglycemia or too high blood glucose levels occurs if the quantity of insulin is not adequate to cause the cells to take up the glucose from the blood. Genetic factors 1. Insipidus Causes 1. Increased risk of other diseases like carpal tunnel syndrome. Insulin injections. Surgical methods Diabetes 1. and feel weak. Drinking large amounts of water. Dehydrated 23 . Diabetes Treatment 1. keeping blood glucose levels as near as feasible to nondiabetic values 3. or if those cells. Viral infection . sulfonylureas and Tolinase Diabetes Insipidus: it is often called as water diabetes.biguanides. get very thirsty and hungry. and implants. Dietary restriction and physical exercise 2. Likely to urinate frequently. This disease characterized by excretion of large amounts of dilute urine. which disrupts the body's water regulation. Through complex therapy. Person has to urinate often. Bedwetting. Hypoglycemia means an extremely low blood glucose level. 2. High-energy food 2. Symptoms: 1. High blood pressure and high cholesterol 3. insulin pump.usually pills) for the amount of food they eat and exercise they get. Increased calorie intake 4.

400. 3. 225 11. Teenagers 267.cereal containing more folic acid. 10. Older adults and people with little exposure to sunlight may need a vitamin D 7. 257. To reduce the fat intake choose lower % Daily Value food 4. and cereals but has little intake of vegetables. 24 . 2. 3. fruit. This type of diet is lower in essential nutrients such as calcium. Dinner. 286. Pregnant women should eat foods ingrained with folic acid. 2. 5. iron. especially whole grains 8. Breakfast .lower in saturated fat 2. 14 15 18 1. 113. full cream milk. potatoes.5. 3. Parasites. 300.4. People of different region and religion food intake habit vary in vast differences and this sometimes keeps them away from balanced diet.5. fiber). MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) of the brain. viruses. 200. preserves. raw (unpasteurized) milk and products made from unpasteurized milk. fats. 13. Diagnosis 1. magnesium.5. 3. Do not eat or drink unpasteurized juices. Choose a variety of fruits and vegetables daily Choosing food: 1. 14. Foods should be free from harmful bacteria.3. Saturated Fat (g) . Total Fat (g) . 6. To increase nutrient consumption (such as calcium.Total fat not to exceed 30 percent of calories over a school week. Sociocultural aspects of food The diet of the lower socioeconomic groups provides cheap energy from foods such as meat products.higher %DV. 4. raw sprouts. osmolality 3. Choose a variety of grains daily.0. 2. RDA DIETARY GUIDELINES Name RDA for Protein (g)RDA for Calcium (mg)RDA for Iron (mg)RDA for Vitamin A (RE) RDA for Vitamin C (mg) Small children 5. and vitamin C than that of the higher socioeconomic groups. Physiological and psychological satisfaction of food – food intake depends truly on the physical and mental activities a person is carrying out and on his/her taste.Saturated fat to be less than 10 percent of calories over a school week. 3. Urinalysis and a fluid deprivation test. and whole-wheat bread. Irritable or listless. 12. 2. sugars. Meal/food Management Type of meal1. other vitamins and minerals. 197.5. 150 224 300.

throw it out.Refrigerate perishable foods 2. 5. When in doubt. soups. 3. Be sure to chill leftovers as soon as your are finished eating. Reheat sauces. fish. 1. Keep hot foods hot (140º F or above) 3. 2. and shellfish 4. 3. Pork and Ground 160 °F Meats Medium-Rare Beef Steaks. eggs. or foods containing raw eggs. Chill. Well-Done Meats 170 °F Stuffing. When shopping. Choose and prepare foods with less salt 5. Reheat leftovers thoroughly to at least 165° F. Raw Eggs. c) % Daily Value 2. 25 . never leave meat. Food Storage and Preparation 1. Don’t eat raw or partially cooked eggs. 5. Veal. Cold foods cold (40º F or below). and gravies to a boil. eggs. Do not eat raw or undercooked meat. 4. 6. Whether raw or cooked. Proper cooking makes most uncooked foods safe. cover the container and turn or stir the food to make sure it is heated evenly throughout. and take them straight home. Aim for a moderate sodium intake Food selection and Purchase 1. raw (unpasteurized) milk Temperature level Food Whole Poultry 180 ° F Poultry Breast. Cook eggs until whites and yolks are firm. If using a microwave oven. or shellfish out at room temperature for more than 2 hours (1 hour in hot weather 90º F or above). Lamb Hold Hot Foods 40 °F 40 °F Refrigerator Temperatures 0 °F Freezer Temperatures ÿ Dangerous Zone – 40 °F to 140 °F is suspected for bacterial growth. poultry. Check the food label. Reheat Leftovers 165 °F Meats-Medium. Read the label and follow safety instructions on the package Food Preparation Temperature: Uncooked and undercooked animal foods are unsafe. buy perishable foods last. poultry.3. 4. a) Nutrition Facts b) Ingredient list. marinades. Ground Poultry. fish. Egg Dishes. 145 °F Roasts.

changing diapers. fish. Wash your hands with warm soapy water for 20 seconds before you handle food or food utensils. Replace cutting boards once they have become worn or develop hard-to-clean grooves. shellfish. and shellfish in containers in the refrigerator so that the juices don’t drip onto other foods. 8. Basic planning steps are1. 7. eggs. money and energy to be spent. poultry. It consists of cell arranged in its longitudinal direction.Perishable food storage 1. utensils. clean the utensils and surfaces you used with hot soapy water. Buying only necessary things as size change makes them of no use Textiles Textile fiber is very long in relation to its thickness.Wash hands and surfaces often 2. Clothing should be easy to care for. Clean . Evaluating your present wardrobe. or serving plates. Go for flexibility 6. cooked. Store raw meat. especially after handling raw meat. or storing 2. 3. or playing With pets Clothing and Textiles Wardrobe Management Wardrobe management It is needed because it will help you to use your resources wisely and will help you in reducing time. 3. Wash raw fruit and vegetables under running water before eating. Natural fibers 26 . Separate raw. poultry. and ready-to-eat foods while shopping. Planning – it will help in understanding current needs and consumer will be able to make a sound decision on purchasing. Wash your hands after handling or preparing food. Right after you prepare these raw foods. and shellfish away from other foods. or eggs. 5. Buy basic style and good quality stuff 7. 6. Always wash your hands after using the bathroom. durable and flexible 2. 4. fish. Use a vegetable brush to remove surface dirt if necessary. Color plan for each family member 4. Classification of fibers – 1. Look for variety 5. surfaces. Organizing it. 3. Cleanliness: Common precautionary measures: 1. The strength and elasticity of the fiber depends on the force between these cells. poultry. Keep raw meat. preparing. fish. Taking care of the present clothes Growing kid wardrobe planning needs1. 2.

g. Very fine fibers 2. polyester and nylon.g. Man made fibers – a) Regenerated fiber e. Polypropylene is the most frequent initial raw material used. Hydrophobic or hydrophilic 3. b) Synthetic fibers e. 2:1 3. Thermally insulating and sorptive properties. The fabric may be produced in white or in color 2. Characteristics1. 2.a) Vegetable fibers e. 6. 27 .g. Variable areal weight 3. Properties of the fabrics: 1. Thermo plastic Production of Fibers: a) Spunbond Technology: direct spinning of polymer granules into continuous filaments and the subsequent production of an areal textile bonded fabric made of them. viscose rayon and acetate. Properties: 1. b) Animal fibers e. Protein 3. Persistent stable electrostatic charge. Lower strength in tension and also bulkiness of non-calendered products are also characteristic for the fabric.5 den Meltblown Technology: Bonded fabrics of the Meltblown type are produced by technology based on the Exxon patent. cotton and flax. 5. The fibers are of undefined length and random orientation their diameter varies longitudinally. 10 . High final strength of the textile fabric caused by the high strength of continuous filaments 4. Chemical composition: 1. Cellulose 2. High specific surface assuring excellent filtering 4. Calendered or non-calendered 4.150 g/m2 2.g. Characteristic fineness of individual filaments within the scope of 1 . wool and silk. Mineral 4. Uniform distribution of fibers in the areal textile fabric determining the characteristic values of the properties that are in the longitudinal and lateral directions in the ratio of approx. Scope of areal weights within approx.

Detached 2.homeowner holds title to an individual dwelling unit. Mobile (MOBIL) 11. Continue to discharge its official housing responsibilities and transfer its own housing policies 2. Ensure that suitable targets can be set for the delivery of housing functions in the post transfer setting 3. Split Level ( SPLIT ) Housing functions There is no need. Deliver high quality services to the public 6. Hi Ranch (HIRANCH) 9. Residential. Duplex-Up/Down (DUP-UD) 8. The capability to fulfil its strategic housing role 4. Bungalow (BUNGLOW) 6. Maintain high morale among housing authority staff affected by transfer 9.5STY) 3. that housing authorities will contradict housing functions simply because they are transferring their housing stock. Ensure that housing functions are delivered in a coherent way that allows appropriate referral on to other relevant services 8.homeowner holds freehold title to a dwelling unit and block of land. 1. Storey (2STOREY) 4. Family and Consumer Sciences Education Philosophical and Professional Concerns Family and Consumer Sciences Education programs make ready students for adult roles. Row Unit 3. Double Side by Side (DBL-SXS) 7. Secure local ownership of decisions 7. Avoid irrevocable contracting-out decisions.Housing Housing Types of Housing Class classification 1. Strike the right balance between control and efficiency 5. family responsibilities. Apartment Type description: 1. Condominium . and sometimes the exclusive use of certain limited common areas. 2. an undivided interest in common areas of a multi-unit project. Style description: 1. One Level (1LEVEL) 2. and careers related to family. Semi-Detached 4. or prospect. Prosperous families do 28 . Storey (3STOREY) 5. 1 _ Storey (1. Link Home (LINK) 10.

Quality of life is the perception of and the level of satisfaction of confidence with one's conditions. The assessments include: 3.not just happen. switch to a new industry was another revealing finding of dual Careers Differences: Both women and men want to control over their advancement path Characteristics of consumer Consumer Science education aims at: 1. Promoting optimal nutrition and wellness across the life span. Standard of living is the actual level of living being experienced 6. 6. Each committee spent approximately a year conducting a community health assessment. Appreciating human worth and accepting responsibility for one's actions and success in family and work life. Planning. Indicators from the Mass As a result of this assessment a comprehensive set of initiatives designed to reduce family and community violence. 4. and work settings. 5. Dual careers A dual career means working for homemaking/wage earning by both husband and wife. 4. Examining data on health status 4. 7. start a business. Couples the benefits of economic independence and career control 2. community. happy. That having a working spouse had a positive impact on their careers. relationships and surroundings. Strengthening the well being of individuals and families across the life span. Managing resources to meet the material needs of individuals and families. Functioning effectively as providers and consumers of goods and services. the fact that couples valued highly the option to take career risks. Well-being is the state of being well. 3. implementation and Evaluation Community Advisory Committees The liability to the committees is to identify community health concern. and career development. It offers: 1. Preparing individuals for the work of the family is basic and necessary philosophical and professional concern. 5. prevent substance abuse. healthy or prosperous. A working spouse gave them the freedom to leave their jobs if they weren't satisfied. 3. Balancing personal. It aims to promote personal growth and leadership through family and consumer sciences education It focuses on: - 29 . family and work lives. Becoming responsible citizens and leaders in family. Using critical and creative thinking skills to address problems in diverse family. and work environments. 2. 8. employment. Respondents cited more income as a benefit of the dual-career marriage. they demand constant effort. home. community. FHA/HERO: FHA/HERO prepares students to be intricate in adult life. change jobs. Successful life management.

Multiple roles of family member 2.A family in which person if live apart shares the common decision and values is? a) Nuclear b) Blended c) Extended d) Single parent Sol: (c). Q3. Development of skills for life through character development. in blended family the biological parent of one child is the stepparent of the other. Half-siblings shares only one biological parent.Which type of family does include one stepsibling stepparents or half-sibling? a) Nuclear family b) Blended family c) Single parent d) Extended family Sol: (b).Which type of family is known as hunter family? a) Single parent b) Extended c) Nuclear d) Blended Sol: (c) because it is a society in which people must be mobile.What is the meaning of the term adolescence? a) Period between childhood and adulthood b) Period between childhood and teenage c) Period between birth and death.1. in this two or more adult from different generations share the same house. Extended family shares the same view and moves ahead with common purpose. Q2. Q5.An extended family consists of? a) Parents and their biological children b) Single parents to form the family c) Same generation people d) Different generation people Sol: (d). and vocational preparation. Sol: (a). creative and critical thinking. Q4. interpersonal communication. d) None of these. it is a period between childhood and adulthood and can be further categorized into early and late adolescence. Question and Answers Q1. Q6. practical knowledge.Common changes seen during adolescence are? a) Cognitive development 30 .

pre-operational. it is the starting stage of arousal of sexual development.Primary and secondary characteristics start developing with onset of? a) Liberty b) Puberty c) Severity d) Birth Sol: (b). maturation takes place in a child during adolescence. concrete operations and formal operations.Transference of parental characteristics to their offspring is? a) Meredith b) Hereditary c) Hierarchy d) Kinship Sol: (b).Four stages of a) Sensory motor. c) Sensory motor. d) Sensory motor. concrete operations and informal operations. each adolescent grows in a different way. Q9. sex operations and formal operations. Q12. concrete operations and formal operations. Sol: (d). Q8.b) Physical development c) Sexual gland development d) All of these. pre-operational. pre-operational. Q11. cognitive development are? re-operational. Q10. transference of characteristics from parent to their offspring’s takes place due to chromosomes (genes) and this effect is called as hereditary.Psychological effects of early and late maturation are more on? a) Male b) Female c) Animal d) All of these Sol: (a).Rate of development of boys and girls is? a) Different b) Same c) Unknown d) None of these Sol: (a). b) Sensory motor.Which of the following characteristics are hereditary in nature? a) Physical resemblance b) Mental ability c) Aptitudes d) All of these 31 . in accordance with cognitive development theory of Piaget. Q7. Sol: (c). a disturbance in maturation leads to state of depression more pronounced in male.

it helps in reducing hereditary (genetic) effects by giving proper advice. Q17.Sol: (d).Reward and punishment is a part and parcel of which learning theory? a) Cognitive development theory b) Social development theory c) Behavioral development theory d) None of the above 32 .Main functions of the family consist of? a) Education b) Physical support c) Psychological support d) All of the above Sol: (d). Q15. when xy and women xy genes pairs resulting in xy.Apart from interest and abilities of the individual. all of the above characteristics are inherited in a child from their parents.An individual behavior is usually affected by? a) Family b) Community/environment c) School d) All of the above Sol: (d).Hereditary defects can be reduced by? a) Sympathy b) Rehabilitation’ c) Genetic counseling d) None of these Sol: (c). Q14. family member extends its support to its member in all the areas of life. which other factors help in determine the future of a child? a) Socio-economic status b) Schooling c) Parents d) All of the above Sol: (d). Q13. Q18. All of the above factor are important in deciding the choice for a career plan. Q16.Who is responsible for determining the sex of the child? a) Father b) Mother c) Grandmother d) Grand father Sol: (a). these factors play an important in shaping the behavior of an individual and the process is called behavior modeling. then a baby boy is born and if yy pair is formed then a girl is born.

it covers all the aspects of an individual prosperity and family functioning. rewards and consequences. Q20. wealth gain c) It include mental. Q24. it states that people learn is through constructive reinforcement that includes rules. Q21. THD combines all these factors in order to relate or understand the human development. Q19. b) Society c) Activities d) Physical strength Sol: (a).What is the need for the establishment of family member’s roles and responsibility? a) For recognition b) For playing 33 . developmental and crisis tasks.Family task areas include? a) It includes basic.Sol: (c). emotional support d) It includes education. Dialogue stimulates thinking by relating facts and concepts that encourage learning.Cognitive-developmental Learning Theory advocates? a) Dialogue. b) It include health.Total Human Development model is based upon? a) Exploration through Reading b) Understanding through Problem Solving c) Action through Program Development d) All of the above Sol: (d). these are the factors that contribute to family's internal strengths and the durability of the family unit. Q23.Keys to Successful Family Functioning are? a) Promotion of the emotional b) Physical c) Social welfare d) All of the above Sol: (d). Sol: (a).What are the essential skills for the effective communication in a family? a) Ability to listen to others b) To pay attention to what they say c) Both (a) and (b) d) None of the above Sol: (c). Q22. communication is the way through which information is exchanged between two or more person.

Q25. and then the legs. it emphasis on the fact that human learn through relationships. it is based on the assumption of physical development order of child before birth.According to the principle of cephalocaudle direction of developments is? a) Development proceeds from the head downward. Sol: (a). Q29.Which type of family results in healthier relationships? a) Rigid and do not adapt changes b) Rigid and do adapt to changes c) Flexible and do not adapt changes d) Flexible and adapt changes Sol: (d).How do people learns according to social learning theory principle? a) Through modeling and imitation b) Through rewards and consequences c) Through active dialogue and thinking d) Through speaking Sol: (a). d) Development proceeds from the center of the body multidirectional. Sol: (a). d) Development proceeds from the eyes downward. it helps in establishing clear and flexible relationship with each other and with their responsibilities towards the family.Principle of proximodistal development states that? a) Development proceeds from the center of the body outward. then the arms. focus is made on family strength and promotion of these skills is done in order to avoid resiliency.Resiliency is found in children because of? a) Social competence b) Problem-solving skills c) A sense of purpose and future d) All of the above Sol: (d). c) Development proceeds from the center of the body bi-directional. Q28. Q27.Sudden growth in adolescence leads to? 34 . the child gains control of the head first. b) Development proceeds from the legs upward. According to this principle. Q30. Q26. c) Development proceeds from the mouth downward.c) To deal with normal and unexpected change d) Tor communication Sol: (c). it has been proven by various researches that this creates harmony among family members. b) Development proceeds from the center of the body inward.

Planning helps in _ the gap in achieving your goal? a) Abridging b) Bridging c) Maintaining d) Sustaining Sol: (b). Q35. evaluating.a) Awkwardness b) Genius c) Selfish d) Anger Sol: (a). formulation.Organizing. Q32. preparing. Q36. controlling b) Planning. controlling c) Working. working. Q31. because it helps in bridging the gap from where you are and where you want to go.What is the crux of the management? a) Planning b) Implementing c) Organizing d) Decision making Sol: (d). feedback d) Planning.Management is? a) Dynamic process b) Static process c) Reversible process d) Irreversible process Sol: (a). physical growth spurt often perplexes the child making entry into the pubertal period resulting in awkwardness. these are five P’s or pillars of the management process. implementing.Steps involved in decision-making are? a) Certification. evaluation. implementing. evaluating Sol: (b). is a technique of arranging things in an a) Disorderly manner b) Orderly manner’ c) Ineffective manner d) Improper manner Sol: (b). it is done in order to carry out the task in an effective manner so that the efficiency is increased. implementing. selection 35 . staffing. it is needed at every step of management. organizing. evaluating.Management consists of? a) Planning. Q34. organizing. it consists of making up a series of decision which leads to the attainment of the desired goals and thus is a dynamic process since decision depends upon time at which they are taken up. Q33. organizing.

all of the above mentioned factor help in simplification and management of work. Q39. storage. evaluation. selection c) Identification. evaluation. Q42. Q38. evaluation of consequences and selection of the best course is needed in making the best decision. it comes from the definition of budget and in making budget we keep record of all our financial activities. Q40. expanding and retirement.Traditional IRA is? 36 . Q41.Energy is _ to do a job? a) Incapacity b) Capacity c) Duty d) Sincerity Sol: (b). b) Adolescence and teenage c) Marriage and birth to new baby d) All of the above Sol: (a). Q37. Energy comes from the human body due to intake of food and is spent in doing work. formulation. identification or the problem. it covers almost all the stages of family life from birth till death of person. these are limited human resource and thus need to be conserved for future use. selection d) Identification.Why conservation of time and energy is needed in humans? a) Unlimited resource b) Limited resource c) For saving money d) None of the above Sol: (b). space and equipment c) Changes in the end products d) All of the above Sol: (d).Different family stages are? a) Beginning.Simplification of work principle includes? a) Changes in the hand and body motion b) Changes in the work.b) Identification. formulation of alternative. evaluation Sol: (c). formulation.What helps us in keeping track of our money? a) Budget b) Family members c) Neighbors d) Friends Sol: (a).

Q43. Checking account is helpful in keeping track of all the above activities.Financial institutions are required to disclose the following information on savings account plans they offer? a) Fees on deposit accounts b) The interest rate c) Other terms and conditions d) All of the above Sol: (d). it is fixed in order to avoid the variation in calculating interest period on the deposited amount. Q48. Q47.Express warranties include? (a) Any oral statement 37 . Q46. it’s up to the investor’s choice.a) b) c) d) Family fund Personal retirement fund Festival None of the above Sol: (a).One can receive payment from Annuities? a) Definite period of time b) Regularly for lifetime c) Both (a) and (b) d) None of the above Sol: (c). Q45. in Roth IRA tax is paid at the time of contribution to the saving and can be withdrawn after individual reaches the age of 59 _years Q44.Amount withdrawn from Roth IRA after the age of 59 _years is? a) Tax-payment is needed b) Tax-free c) Cannot be withdrawn d) None of the above Sol: (b).The annual percent yield (APY).Why gets a checking account? a) Convenience b) Record Keeping c) Saving Money d) All of the above Sol: (d). An IRA is a personal retirement fund and is usually tax free the year of the contribution and is subject to tax the year it is withdrawn. is calculated for period of? a) 366-day b) 365-day c) 363-day d) 364-day Sol: (b).

yeast formation is carried out and the method is commonly called as fermentation.How parents can prevent teenage pregnancy? a) Open communication b) No communication 38 . because a person lost controls over his senses due to the intake of drugs so he usually turned aggressive. legislation applies when goods pose an unreasonable danger to the person. it is the first thing a seller will go for if damage is fixable. Q 52. applies even if there is no contract at all? a) Defective good b) Damaged good c) Contaminated food d) Alcohol Sol: (c).what is the process used for the manufacture of alcohol? a) Fermentation b) Sedimentation c) Relaxation d) All of the above Sol: (a). Q54. Q53. Q50. which case the legislation.In.Kind of effects seen on an individual taking drugs and alcohol are? a) Physical or sexual aggression b) Physical gain c) Mental gain d) Boring Sol: (a).If there is a breach of any warranty (whether express or implied). court needs the proof of statement made by the seller and buyer is responsible for producing the proof in court. the normal procedure is? a) Replacement b) Repair c) Not changing it d) All of the above Sol: (b).According to laws burden of proof re materiality & reliance depends upon? a) Seller b) Buyer c) Community d) Nation Sol: (b). Q51.(b) Any written statement (c) Substantial relevance test (d) All of the above Sol: (d) Q49.

and temporary sources of income are rewards etc. Q56. Steady source of income is salary etc. Q55. Q59.Developing a Spending Plan needs? 39 . Q60.Teenage pregnancy leads to? a) School failure b) Poverty c) Physical or mental illness d) All of the above Sol: (d). saving includes all the money raising efforts from the present income.Main causes that leads to suicide are? a) Stress. because of the untimely responsibilities they have to bear on account of pregnancies.c) Beating d) Leaving alone Sol: (a).Suicide is the third leading cause of death for? a) 24-to-34-year-olds b) 5-to-14-year-olds c) 15-to-24-year-olds d) 34-to-64-year-olds Sol: (c) Q57. it will help her to differentiate between Wright and wrong. b) Confusion c) Pressure to succeed d) All of the above Sol: (d).Our Savings activities mainly consist of? a) Retirement b) Personal c) Investments d) All of the above Sol: (d). all these factors put pressure on the teenage and he/she takes suicide as freedom from all responsibilities.Our income sources can be? a) Steady and temporary sources b) Fixed sources c) Legacy d) Irregular sources Sol: (a). Q58.

electron beams. The Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) of the United States is responsible for ensuring? a) Meat Inspection b) Poultry Products c) Egg Products Inspection d) All of the above Sol: (d). Q63. Q61. and x-rays. poultry.Temporary incomes should be should be omitted from your spending plan because? a) They cannot be spent b) They can be included for fixed reference c) They cannot be included for fixed reference d) None of the above Sol: (c). Q62. Q65. we usually use it keep track of our expenses.What is food irradiation? a) Food exposure to thermal energy b) Food exposure to solar energy c) Food exposure to radiant energy d) Food exposure to mechanical energy Sol: (c). LCPS stands for Labeling and consumer protection staff. poultry. and egg products d) None of the above Sol: (a). 40 . how much you can spend today depends upon how much you want to spare for your tomorrow’s needs. poultry.How expenditure record can help us? a) It is helpful in understanding our current spending b) It is helpful in understanding fixed/variable expenses c) It is helpful in developing a budget d) All of the above Sol: (d). and egg products c) Misbranded and economically good meat.a) List of your short and long term goals b) List of short-term goals c) List of long-term goals d) None of the above Sol: (a). and egg products b) Branded and economically adulterated meat. Q64.LCPS develops policies and inspection methods and administers programs to protect consumers from? a) Misbranded and economically adulterated meat. plan could not be carried out effectively because one is not certain when and how much it will come in. Food irradiation is a process in which products are exposed to radiant energy including gamma rays. it enforces all the acts regarding the above food categories.

health. by destroying all the harmful bacteria it makes food safer. so classification eases our selection criterion. peptides are the linking units for amino acids to form different proteins.Proteins which neither promote growth nor maintain life? 41 . all account for one and the same reason i. Q72. Q68.Overnutrion or undernutrition results in? a) Male nutrition b) Malnutrition c) Healthy body d) None of the above Sol: (b).Different ways of health includes? a) Physical and psychological status. b) Incidence of morbidity c) Mortality and longevity of life d) All of the above Sol: (d). Q70.Q66.Simple proteins are made up of? a) Albumin and globulin b) Albumin c) Globulin d) None of the above Sol: (a).Foods can be classified on the basis of? a) Taste b) Color c) Nutrients d) All of the above Sol: (c). Q69. it is deficiency disorder and is caused by the above two conditions.Amino acids are joined n long chain by_ to form different proteins? a) Deptide b) Peptide c) Septide d) Meptide Sol: (b). Q71. Q67.What are the benefits of food irradiation? a) Reduces the risk of food borne illness b) Increases the risk of food borne illness c) Reduces the risk of physical damage d) Reduce the risk of psychological disturbance Sol: (a). nutrients are the essentials for providing nourishment to the body.e. egg is simple example of simple protein and consists of both.

occur in nature? a) Sugar b) Starches c) Sugar and starches d) Roughage Sol: (c). e.What is needed to keep bones healthy? a) Calcium 42 . these are complex organic compounds made up of carbon.g. which form carbohydrates. Q76. moderate in total fat b) More of saturated fat c) Low total fat d) None of the above Sol: (a). Q73. it is used for measuring body to mass ratio. hydrogenation is done for converting unsaturated fatty acids to vanaspati gee.Fatty content of diet should be? a) Low in saturated fat. Q78. hydrogen and oxygen.Carbohydrate constituent released due to the digestion of carbohydrates in the body is? a) Fructose b) Galactose c) Sucrose d) Maltose Sol: (b).BMI stands for? a) Body measure index b) Boy measurement index c) Baby measurement index d) Body mass index Sol: (d). Q77. it will help in reducing problem arising due to cholesterol increase.In. Q75. are Zein and gelatin but nitrogen liberated by these protein can be utilized for the synthesis of amino acids in the body.a) b) c) d) Complete protein Partially complete proteins Incomplete protein Derived proteins Sol: (c).Catalyst is used in the process of hydrogenation of unsaturated fatty acids is? a) Cobalt b) Zinc c) Nickel d) Potassium Sol: (c). it does not occur free in nature and is a constituent of milk sugar (lactose). Q74.

cantaloupe b) Cooked dry beans. nyctolopia is commonly known as night blindness and is caused by the deficiency of Vitamin A. Q79. Q81. which is commonly recognized as danger zone in cooking? a) 0.140°F Sol: (b). strawberries. it contains list of all the ingredients and their amount Q80.Goitre may manifest? a) Under activity of thyroid gland b) Over activity of thyroid gland c) Both (a) and (b) d) None of the above 43 . Color difference ability of a person is affected.100°F b) 40.Temperature zone. calcium constitutes the main component of healthy bones.perishable foods should be? a) Chilled or refrigerated b) Boiled c) Kept as it is d) None of the above Sol: (a) if not chilled it will perish Q82. it represents the temperature zone most susceptible for bacterial growth. Q84. peas and peanuts.Nyctolopia is caused by the deficiency of which vitamin? a) Vitamin D b) Vitamin A c) Vitamin E d) Vitamin K Sol: (b). kiwi fruit.b) Iron c) Carbohydrates d) Proteins Sol: (a).various sources of folate are? a) Citrus fruit and juice.240°F d) 100.140°F c) 140. It provides strength to the bones.Nutrient constituent list can be found generally? a) Back of the packet b) Front of the packet c) Side of the d) Top of the packet Sol: (a). green peas c) Baked white or sweet potato d) None of the above Sol: (b) Q83.

Fabrics produced by the Meltblown technology are suitable for? a) Filtering materials b) Industrial sorbents c) Both (a) and (b) d) None of the above Sol: (c).Textile fabric. SMS. gaps. or folds b) When worn the garment is with pulls. Q87.If a garment fits well than? a) When worn the garment is without pulls. goiter results due the deficiency of iodine. Q85. pulls and gaps result from areas that are too small. Q91. Q90.Why is the wardrobes plan a useful practice? a) To purchase more clothes b) To purchase less clothes c) To manage resources efficiently d) None of the above Sol: (c).two Spunbond layers with a Meltblown layer between them and SSMMS.three Spunbond layers with two Meltblown layers between them 44 . gaps. which is absent in fabric produced by Spunbond technology? a) Areal textile fibers b) Pearl textile fiber c) Cereal textile fiber d) All of the above Sol: (a). combinations of PP and PE are not used for the production of that type of bonded fabrics. or folds c) When worn the garment shrinks d) When worn the garment is loose Sol: (a). Folds develop in areas too large from any side. a) b) c) d) Why is one basic neutral color recommended? To add with coordinating garment To save money To have a better utilization of wardrobe with few items All of the above Sol: (d) Q86. it allows time to consider budget and clothing needs.Combination of Spunbond type with Meltblown gives? a) SMS b) SSMMS c) SMPS d) Both (a) and (b) Sol: (d). Q.Sol: (c).

Q96. Q93. Q95. upper level is full height at the center peak but dramatically slopes to shorter height along the outer walls. type of housing slopes to shorter height along the outer walls of house? a) 1 level b) 2 level c) 2 storey d) 1 _ storey Sol: (d).A housing unit built of common wall but detached from other buildings? a) Detached b) Semi-detached c) Row unit d) Apartment Sol: (b).Exclusive use of some form of properties is legal in which class of properties? a) Residential class b) Condominium c) Serodinium d) All of the above Sol: (b).which type of housing is separated by small flight of stairs? a) Hi ranch b) Mobile c) Link d) Split Sol: (d) Q98. Q97. it shares common wall and usually detached from other walls. beside these continuing care houses are also there for adults living.In. it is a unit lying within a low mid or high-rise building.When there is no variable in determining the housing prices. Q94.Name few types of housing option for adult? a) Independent Living b) Assisted Living c) Nursing Homes d) All of the above Sol: (d). Which.Q92. it can be easily seen under CC# description of housing rules. which are the factors to be considered? a) Price of housing 45 .Apartment offers commonly? a) Hallways b) Parking lots c) Stairwells d) All of the above Sol: (d).

Mentoring relationships can be divided into a) Informal b) Formal c) Both (a) and (b) d) None of the above Sol: (c).e.Interior design of house depends upon? a) Economic condition of owner b) Taste or owner c) Quality of interior designer d) All of the above Sol: (d).Youth and adults are becoming increasingly disconnected from their communities as family’s experience? a) Increasing mobility b) Distancing from relatives c) Segregation of age levels d) All of the above Sol: (d). Q102.what can be done in order to increase quality of life? a) Research b) Practice c) Providing service d) All of the above Sol: (d). all these factors contribute towards the interior designing quality of a house. i.CEDAW.Dual-careers help in raising? a) Funds b) Self reliance c) Risk taking abilities for growth d) All of the above Sol: (d) Q104. natural and organizational mentoring respectively Q103. all these factors are common in present scenario and effectively hamper the relationship between youth and adults.b) Quantity of housing c) Both (a) and (b) d) None of the above Sol: (c) Q99. Q101. regularly reviews the convention on the elimination of all forms of discrimination against a) Women 46 . Q100. all these are necessary steps for improving the quality standards of one’s life.

b) Child c) Man d) Adult Sol: (a) Q105.Sexual essentialism argues that phenomena such as motherhood and heterosexuality? a) Ecologically driven b) Biologically driven c) Cultural indoctrination d) None of the above Sol: (b) Q106.The main functions of Community Benefit Planning Process are? a) To assess needs b) Develop and implement collaborative plans c) Allocate resources. 47 . Q108. and measure impact d) All of the above Sol: (d) Q109.FHA/HERO organization can be joined at which level of graduation? a) First year b) Second year c) Final year d) None of the above Sol:(a).Community advisory committees do? a) Evaluate b) Arrange for recreation c) Both (a) and (b) d) None of the above Sol: (a). a student with family and consumer science enrollment can join it at first level of graduation or after that. it evaluates by asking about the community program beneficiary. Q107.what is the mission of FHA/HERO type organizations? a) Humanity credit b) Personal growth c) Leadership growth d) All of the above Sol: (d). it aims at promoting all these qualities in an individual through it various programs.

Which therapy has been most effective for a variety of psychological problems? a) Cognitive Behavioral Therapy b) Gestalt therapy c) Both (a) and (b) d) None of the above Sol: (a) Q115. Q112. it has shown substantial reduction in teenage alcohol forming habit. they look after their special needs and provides hospitalization.Cognitive Behavioral Therapy puts focus on? a) Thoughts b) Beliefs c) Assumptions and behaviors d) All of the above Sol: (d).Specific technique employed in CBT is? a) Cognitive restructuring b) Relaxation exercises 48 . Q116. Q113. it focuses on stress relief therapy. Q114.Low income pregnant women are well served by? a) Hospitals b) Clinics c) Community advisory committees program d) None of the above Sol: (c).Q110. it aims at relief from negative emotional states.Gestalt Therapy focuses on? a) Internal tension and blocked energy b) External tension and blocked energy c) Internal tension and unblocked energy d) External tension and unblocked energy Sol: (a).an important complement to community-based prevention and early intervention is? a) Health services utilization b) Food utilization c) Wealth utilization d) All of the above Sol: (a).Primary care practices have intervention has clearly demonstrated outcomes of reducing? a) Alcohol consumption b) Exercise habit c) Eating habit d) None of the above Sol: (a). through awareness Q111.

Gifted students need counseling classes because? a) For making career choice b) For making food choice c) For making money d) None of the above Sol: (a). ADHD stands for this deficiency and IDEA is law section name.c) Assertiveness training d) All of the above Sol: (d) Q117.Which law enables the parents to have a right to be considered an equal partner with the school in all decision making of attention deficit hyper-deficient student? a) ADHD b) IDEA c) Both (a) AND (b) d) None of the above Sol: (b).Which therapies are recommended for deaf person? a) Behavioral observation audiometry b) Speech audiometry c) Hearing devices d) All of the above Sol: (d) Q118. it is done for assuring the proper channelization of the energy. so they are mixed up with peer groups for learning us. Sol: (a). 49 . Q119.Some children with ADHD are unable to perform well in the class because of? a) Hyperactivity or inattentivity b) Hyperactivity c) Attentivity d) None of the above. Q120.

Gupta .W :Text Book of home Science 10.References 1. Nickle Rice Trucker :Management in family living 12.P : Management Concepts and Environment 11. Gross .G.Durga : Household Textile and Laundry Work 13.H.E : Adolescence Sebald.Helen : All About Food. Marjory L.A. 2.P : A Text Book On Child Development Grinder . 50 .I.Joseph : Essentials Of Textiles Holt 15. Kathariane Paddock Hess :Textile Fibres and Their Use 14.Passenore Brook :Human Nutrition and Dietetics 7.Poleman : Practicle Nurse Nutrition Education 9. Davidson.B : Eat Drink and Grow Clever 6. Cunning .J : Human development Devedas .Poleman : Practical Nurse Nutrition Education 16. Deulkar .Hans : Adolescence Asocial Psychological Analysis Prentice 5.R. American Dietary guideline internet site. Shackelton . Practical Home Economics 8. S. Crandall.E. 3. Shackelton. McGrath .R. 4. Craig.

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