CEOE Family and Consumer Sciences (09) Comprehensive Success System
Table of Content
THE FAMILY .............................................................................. 2 HUMAN DEVELOPMENT ............................................................. 4 MANAGEMENT........................................................................... 7 CONSUMER ECONOMICS ........................................................... 9 NUTRITION AND FOOD ........................................................... 14 CLOTHING AND TEXTILES....................................................... 26 HOUSING ................................................................................ 28 FAMILY AND CONSUMER SCIENCES EDUCATION .................... 28 QUESTION AND ANSWERS ...................................................... 30 REFERENCES........................................................................... 50
Family Structure It is a group of people allied by blood relations or by legal bonds like marriage or adoption. It is also referred to as group people joined through a common ancestral, matrimonial or adopt ional relationship. Different types of families are given below: 1. Single parent: In this family there is only single individual (father or mother) in the family unit raising the children. 2. Nuclear Family: It consists of parents (married couple) and their biological children and no other extended family members live with them. 3. Extended Family: In this type of family people from two or more different generation live together i.e. the family living in a single house consist of grandparents, parents and their children. 4. Blended Family: It consists of a child or children with one of their parents not their biological parent i.e. one of his/her parent is a stepparent. 5. Single individual: In this kind of family an individual alone brings up himself/herself without anyone else support. Family Stages Family stages starts from the first day of matrimonial relationship, when a person starts caring about himself and his spouse. Then they gave birth to child, nurture them, and providing them with basic amenities to sustain life and carries till one’s death. Various life stages can be summed up as follows: a) Beginning: 1. Infancy: It is a stage in which a child is nurtured and cared by mothers and child is sensitive to visual contact and touch. Relationship’s that matters are maternal parent and frequent caregiver. 2. Early Childhood: In this stage child learn to walk, talk and is able to feed himself. Development of motor takes place and new skills are gained. Parents have significant in the attainment and learning of new skills. 3. Play Age: new thoughts and desire keeps our mind busy and children try to explore the world. Some scientific explanations are needed to satisfy their quest and parents can mould their child in a way they want up to some extent. 4. School Age: in this stage the type of school they are visiting and their neighborhood affects children. It is a first stage for social development and the family has to cope with child changing environment and they are responsible for telling him what to leave and what to keep. 5. Adolescence: family members should provide their child with a role model and should act more as an elderly brother than a dictator. It is the stage in which a child decides his role in society and important relationship with peer group grew up. b) Expanding: 1. Young adulthood: This is the age in which new companion is sought and their relationship give birth to a new generation people look for isolation and new horizons. 2. Middle Adulthood: During this period people dedicate themselves towards earning, home and social issues. They bring up their child and looks for stability in life. c) Retirement: 8. Late Adulthood: It is last stage of life and adults tries to convince their children and grand children to learn from their experience and wisdom they have owned in their life. It is a stage in which they need to be cared by their son.
Family Functions It includes all the tasks involved in raising a child to a self-reliant adult. 1. Education: Family has rightly been recognized as the first school of social education. It is the responsibility of family members to provide good education to a child. Education: it involves the learning process. Family has rightly been called as the first school of social virtues. Various learning theories are summed up as below: a) The Social Learning Theory: it relates learning through our relationships or learning through Modeling. Most of our early childhood learning comes from the imitation of significant adults in our life. b) Behavioral Learning Theory: people learn through effective fortification of rules, rewards and punishment. The way our conducts are rewarded or punished has the significant control on our future behavior. Since influence and shaping can be for good or bad, it is important that values and policies steer us. 2. Physical support: Family extends physical support to other family members whenever needed and keeps the relationship healthier by doing so. 3. Psychological support: It is necessary to keep person going out in life. Family members motivate each other and they help out themselves to come out from the state of depression and live happily. 4. Behavior modeling: an individual behavior is usually affected mostly by the family, community, school or in other the kind of environment in which he has been brought up. Thus a child behavior is merely a reflection of family member attitude most of the time. 5. Hereditary effects: it is the process of passing characteristics from parents to their offspring’s. Hereditary transmission includes physical features resemblance, mental traits and materialistic things like property etc. It also includes hereditary disease passed on to child from their parents. 6. Parenting: It includes: a) Physical care: family looks after and supplies child’s necessary diet according to the age and seeks advice from the doctor whenever a necessity is felt. b) Provision of basic amenities like food, drink, shelter, clothes, and entertainment. Family members provide and look after for their welfare. c) Educational and emotional support: It is an equally important task for the parents to provide a good educational environment to their child so that they learn to carry themselves throughout their life. They also gave emotional support to their child to come out of depressing situation. d) Social and moral development: The education and environment must support the social and moral development of a child. e) Parents can also punish their children if necessary: It is done to avoid development of bad habits. 7. Fostering self worth: Self worth is established when anyone helps out others to come out of a situation by providing moral, monetary support etc. or by developing sound understanding on social and other worldly affairs. 8. Stable relation: unstable relation has bad impact on the growing children and these effects can have profound affects on one’s social and cognitive aspects of development. Stable relationship is necessary to keep harmonious relation among the family and community. Family is the first and foremost place for knowing the worth of stable relationship. 9. Recreation: It is necessary for changing the mood and for relaxation. Family provides the means and modes of entertainment like, TV, picnic etc. They also provide the basic things necessary for child to play games.
Factors affecting family relationship Family Task Areas includes1. Basic: It is includes the provision of food, money, shelter and other necessities of life. 2. Developmental: it is concerned with individual and family stages of growth. 3. Crisis tasks: it relates to the situation of grief and grievances, remorse, loss and damage and how the family members are able to cope with the situation. Multiple roles: An individual has to pass through multiple during a day in a family and has to change according to the need and time for coping with the family members. He/she has to establish clear and flexible roles to carry themselves for healthy family development. Everyone is needed to decide his own task to be fulfilled for the family growth. Communication-pattern: It is defined as the way in which a verbal and nonverbal information exchange is carried out within a family. It includes various factors like feeling expression to one another; listening to other and seeking opinion from others are essential for effective family communication. Conflict prevention and resolution: if properly followed and incalculated in family culture, the below steps will prevent any kind of conflict1. Affective Responsiveness. 2. Affective Involvement. 3. Behavior Control. 4. Focus on Family Strengths. 5. Family Assessment.
Theories of Development Various theories have been premeditated and the discipline has grown throughout to be a central constituent of tentative psychology. Archetypal among those first interpretations of children was: 1. Gesell and F.L. Illg's: They carried out cross-sectional study to examine the norms of child development. They describe their work in their famous book, "Infant and Child in the Culture of Today". 2. Erik Erikson’s Theory: He matured his psycho Social theory on the basis of Freud's early psychosexual theory of development. He drags the idea of Freud toward the entire life span. He put emphasis on the fact that personality development of a child is determined by the amount of cooperation and support of their parents gave them during child’s early procreative and hostile drives. Erik saw the development in human being as their desire and will to come over the crisis time. He accredited that usual development must be rationalized in alliance to the cultural context in which it occurs. 3. Jean Piaget’s: He aroused a tumult in human development theory, his theory was based on the cognitive development among the children. The four stage of cognitive development, viz. a) The sensory motor stage- 0-2 years.
b) The pre-operational stage- 2-7 years. c) Concrete stage- 7-12 years. d) Formal stage- 12- 18 years. 4. Sigmund Freud’s Theory: His theories are based on dynamic or unconscious psychological processes leading to conflicts and adoption of the environment due to different situation. He related the development later relationship and behavior to childhood events and laid down his five stages of psychosexual development. Many other thinkers postulated their theories based on the observation and experiments but above given are most famous theories of their times. Development tasks and processes Social: Man is gregarious by instinct and is most comfortable in company. He interacts with people around him, his family, neighborhood and other members of the community/society. As the individual grows the ability of social interaction improves. The individual social behavior improves with maturity. He/she learns to conduct in the company of sorts in accordance with acceptable social norms. Social development starts from the age of seven and continues throughout one’s life. It includes talking, helping, listening, sympathizing and much more. Physical: It starts before the birth and continues up to the young adulthood. Children grew up in size and appearance of sexual gland size increases and related growth appears in all the body parts of human being. Physical development occurs in accordance with the social needs of the person. Environment and hereditary effects influence the physical growth up to much extent. Psychological/emotional: It includes all the mental activities required for the acquisition, processing, organizing and application of knowledge. It is an ongoing process and in every stage of life, there is an expansion in the capacity and style of learning that improves the awareness, imagination, judgement and insight. A child of 0-2 years learns to communicate usually through the reflex actions. Young children attribute feeling and intentions to objects. A child of 7- 12 years learns seriation and decline in egocentrism takes place. After this stage he develops strong emotional and psychological thoughts and look for his own identity. Intellectual development: It starts from the age of 2 years normally egocentric but afterwards relational and prepositional thinking takes place of that and this allows individual to develop his personality and they lay down their own norms to be followed. It is an important aspect of growth and development as this the aspects which differentiate human being from other species. Variation in development Handicapping: Physical disorder may be by birth or accident can lead to this miss-happening. It leads to difficulty in learning, reading, walking, talking or other activities. These children with disabilities require special treatment and attention of family members and the community. Special measures and laws have been implemented for taking care of these people, so that they can effectively carry out their daily task. Every individual with disabilities has right to get education and parents should look for their rehabilitation program. Drugs and alcohol abuse Alcohol: The process of fermentation manufactures alcohol. It can be used for clinical, cleaning or sedative purpose. But people use it for drinking purpose to calm anxiety and produce relaxation or for enjoyment purpose. Alcohol affects the central nervous
Teenage pregnancies It is a common seen we encounter in our daily life in today's society. cared and a proper feedback should be given for distraction. 2. and sexual education. Gateway for other diseases 3. Company factor.
. Teenage develops felling of anger. which if recognized and treated properly would help in stopping him from the suicidal attempt. quarrel between father and mother. These are carried to different parts of the body when taken by the person and affect the functioning of those parts. Open communication with the teenagers. 3. Avoiding bad company are some the preventive measures and post measures includes seeking advice from a medical practitioner. Family members should avoid aggressive behavior. It may lead physical or mental illness. mothers are uncertain about their roles and sometimes education is left behind due to the scenario so created. 2. 3. Use of drugs and alcohol's has severe effects on an individual and society: 1. Suicides Depression. Babies are at risk of neglect and abuse. more or less leads to the road of suicide. They should have: 1. Counseling about options available to them. AS this seems to be the solution of every thing and this is very petty of their thought. it will improve their performance. It can lead to physical or sexual aggression. They should provide education. It leads to very serious impact on the child and her mother. Parents should extend their helping hand to teenagers in this situation. from abortion to adoption. It can result in various kinds of disorders or the reduction in physical gain may also take place. They should be loved. Company of a person 4. Habit of drinking alcohol arises due to various circumstances like: 1.system and slows the function. Excitement Drugs: Drugs include chemicals or other harmful substances. unhealthy family relations. and 4. Pleasure sake. Environmental factors 3. which can be related to ones having these destructive drugs may be summed up as follows: 1. 4. Antisocial behavior. A psychiatric examination can be very helpful because a sign of psychosis prevails in his/her activities. When a person starts making his mind for suicide his actions reflects his attitude. 2. Various factors. results in intoxication. stress. confusion. Decline in family relationships. motivating the child and adolescence for the adoption of good habit and to keep away from the bad habits in cultivation. Family factors 2. which tells them about the family life. Some take it because they thought. Out of anxiety and agitation. guilt and denial. financial insecurity and pressure to cope with the changing time.
greater mechanization of the home and greater mobility of families are the new options open in front of a home maker. better competitive market. which have to be done at a specific time. ii. List all those activities. Leading to the fulfillment of these actions is dependent on various decisions involved. A time plan can be defined as the advance plan of the activities to be performed in a given time period. THE PROCESS OF MANGEMENT Following managerial process can attain management in the home. an efficient management depends upon the welfare. as a result of great industrialization. They are inter-linked and inter-dependent. Changes in hand and body motion: a) Eliminating unnecessary extra movements: this can save considerable amount of time and energy. iv. b) Improving the sequence of work: better sequencing and dovetailing of activities reduces the expenditure of time and energy in a particular task. last but not the least. Work simplification: it means reducing the amount of time and energy spent on a particular job and thus ensuring effective energy management. For example using a tray instead of carrying items individually. The success of management lies in the proper exploitation and optimum utilization of the available resources. Various steps in making a time plan:i. Management of time: Both time and energy are limited human resources. ii. Management is needed when parents want that their children should peruse higher education. Change in work. Adjust other weekly and seasonal activities into the above plan. increased gainful employment for homemakers. Some changes are apparently visible. The equipment placed should be easy to grasp. happiness and high standard of an individual. 3. Prepare a tentative plan. iii. storage space and equipment: . c) Developing skills at work: it will save time and energy both. for example. They should be within the reach and use of labor saving device. Optimum realization of time is known as time management. Management process and technique Due to the advancement or change. 1. the need for management becomes all the more great. It consists of series of planned actions directed towards the accomplishment of the desired goals. Mark your fixed time activity on the time plan.it lays emphasis on the organization. handle and see. Work can be simplified in the following ways: i. The objectives or goals may
Management Theory Management is the need of the day. Poor manger will be a source of torture for everyone and the community may have to pay a high price for him or her. d) Using correct posture: it ensures less expenditure of energy and reduces the problem of fatigue and backache. It is needed when people fight together for a social cause. iii. The term process may be explained as consisting of a series of actions. It is through management alone that you can bring in an orderly change or development. family and the community. List all the activities to be performed during a given period of time. Changes in end product: careful planning to bring change and willing ness to accept change.
it is ready to be put into action. 1. ORGANIZING Organizing is one of the most crucial steps in management.” Planning is an intellectual process. relevant information is collected and analyzed. Who will perform it? 6. One formulates the ways and means of using information in utilizing the resources. Through 4. Implementation 4. some form of organization is must. While making a plan. the place where the action will be carried out? 4.e. CONTROLLING Controlling is yet another important in managerial process. Simple 2. For accomplishment of desired goals of the family the homemaker follows the managerial process in which she synchronies various actions the family members and channelize those actions towards a common goal. all efforts
. Evaluation Planning The tem planning is very commonly used in relation to day to day activities for example a teacher may plan her lessons. It is the doing process of management. The management process comprises of the following five interdependent and inters related steps: 1. 1. What must be done? What are the different stages of the action plan and what is their sequential arrangement? 3. a student plans her day’s schedule.’ organizing’ can be explained as a technique of arranging things in an orderly fashion. When will it be done? 5. How will it be done? A successful plan will have the following characteristics. In the absence of proper control. Where will it be done. Organization means a process of combining work of the family members with the resources necessary for its execution. Organizing 3. the conscious determination of the course of action. According to Koontz and O’ Donnel. The very success and failure of a plan depends on how sound the organization structure is. the basing of decision on purpose.be different for different families. facts and considered estimates”. Planning is always based on facts and information and not on wishes or feelings. In simple terms. Action-oriented 3. Controlling 5. For efficient planning one must answer the following basic questions. Flexible. carrying out necessary actions. Why a particular action is essential? 2. where various plans are made and several activities are performed. IMPLEMENTING Implementing means putting the plan into action. Motivating family members for the active participation 5. a homemaker plans the home schedule right from the morning to the night. i. Planning 2. When a plan has been finalized and resources are assembled and organized. It is one of the supportive columns on which success of plan depends. In home.
Controlling is the art of measurement and application of correction to any performance activity. Controlling helps in smooth execution of the plan. EVALUATING THE CONSEQUENCES OF EACH ALTERNATIVE After collecting the relevant information on all possible alternatives. EVALUATION Evaluation is a very essential tool of the management. It helps in assessing the success and achievement of the process of management and of the result achieved. it also happens that the selection of a particular course of action. In some cases. proves incorrect when implemented. DECISION-MAKING Decision-making is the crux of management. You should not succumb to advertisement tactics. Payment of bills and other social obligation. Decision should be based on the facts and figures best known to you. one meets with several situations and problems that call for decision to be taken. it can be set right by the control process. which he bears. If anything goes wrong with the prior action plan i. It helps in channeling the efforts to the common goal of becoming an architect.
. 2. energy etc. Obtaining information and formulating possible courses of action. 1. which may be the best in all respects.
Consumer rights and responsibilities Legal and ethical considerations: The word ethic signifies morality and sense of Wright and wrong. organizing or implementing. each alternative has to be evaluated thoroughly in terms of cost. 2. It requires the proper assessments of the values for each of the alternatives. At every step. SELECTING THE BEST COURSE OF ACTION Selecting the best course of action from amongst the various alternatives is a difficult task. For identifying such an alternative. Steps in decision-making process. Identify the problem. planning.will prove to be a failure. money. In light of other possibilities new decisions must be taken.e. Consumer has many legal rights but has many social duties or responsibility to be fulfilled at time like: 1. It helps in judging the strength and overcoming weakness of the entire process with a view to make improvements in future planning. the decisionmaker has to identify one of the alternatives. Evaluation indicates providing checks and test so as to know whether things are turning out as originally planned or whether any modifications are needed. Consumer has the right to waive disclaimer or notice to company or organization which does not come up to its stated quality or in case of any kind of cheat or fraud. During controlling the corrective measure can be taken if events seem to be getting off the track. It is needed at every step of management. once considered to be the best. Evaluation has to be done from time to time. Societal influence on consumer decisions Impacts of marketing: It creates demand and affects the consumer decision by advertising to lure and attract the public. time.
National Consumers League = it advocates consumer on market place and workplace. Consumers' Checkbook = for consumer’s awareness 10. so that future saving or other long term or short-term goal can be met. Consumer Federation of America = it is an advocacy organization. 7. time.Consumer Resources Consumer is needed to make a decision before buying anything. A consumer must look for appropriate resources before making a decision. behavioral & physical needs 5. Consumer Coalition for Quality Health Care = it aims at quality health care service provision. American Association of Family and Consumer Sciences (AAFCS)= it provides assistance and arrange programs that educates and publish research findings. Does the organization have a procedure for receiving and resolving complaints of the individual served and the family concerning the quality of care? 7. Today a person can find many private and government agencies that can help in making the right decision. 9. Consumer Union = it provides an unbiased advice based on consumers reports There are various institutions providing information regarding product information. National Consumer Law Center = it advocates for low-income and elderly Americans on consumer law and public policy. Budget consists of step-by-step use of money in a planned manner. Does the organization took care of complete assessment of emotional. Health care services: This requires special thought and attention. If consumer knows what he/she is looking for and what it should contain then it will add to his/her decisive power of purchasing it or not. 4. You should look for1. 12. 8. Some of them are listed below3. Selection of services and product It should be done on the basis money. It is needed for: 1. 11. Staff is well qualified or not 4. AARP= it looks for the needs and interest for the adult persons. Crisis interventions used in the organization 3. quality and urgency for the product. Financial Planning and Management Family Budget: Money is a limited resource but if used wisely can solve much of your problem. 2. It is needed for keeping track of money. Citizen Advocacy Center (CAC)= for health related services. Are the buildings and grounds suitable to the nature of the services provided and the age of persons served? 8. See for quality check (r). You can consult your physician for best services available and your own mental imagery. Does the organization develop a remission plan to ensure proper care is provided after the patient leaves the hospital? 6. It is helpful in putting limits on your spending
. Organization's service philosophy 2. Does a nationally recognized accrediting body such as the Joint Commission accredit the organization? 10. American Council on Consumer Interests (ACCI) 6. 5.
11. 2. It should keep an account for your future investments and support payments. how much you are saving at the end of month excluding your expenses. 9. Municipal bonds 3. Transportation expenses should be included. The bond has a fixed interest rate for a fixed period of time. You should also keep record of how much you have to pay for taxes. Gift 2. The most important part is to keep an account of you saving i. utility service or any other kind of obligation you have to go for in that month. Portion of income you are spending on household requirement. 7. How much you spend on your recreational activities. Planning retirement 4." certifying that you loaned money to a government or corporation and outlining the terms of repayment. 3. and other investments. 6. Other occasional expenses. quarterly or semi-annually in the form of dividends. Advantages
. bonds. Types 1. Long-term investment includes – 1. Individuals buy shares. Keeping in mind the above plan you should go for investment. 8. Federal government bonds B) Mutual funds: Professionally managed portfolios made up of stocks. 10.e. Recreational activities 3. When the time is up. Investment can be made in – A) Bonds: A bond is an "IOU. and fund uses money to purchase stocks. Corporate bonds 2. Differentiate between need and desire. the bond is said to have "matured" and the buyer may redeem the bond for the full face value.Budget should be made in keeping mind the following things: 1. Identify Your Income source 2. 12. Children education and clothing or other expenses should be tracked. House repair and maintenance. Family and personal care expenses should be checked off. You should also know which saving scheme suits you best. Investments First step is to determine your long-term and short-term goals Short-term investment includes1. Purchasing home 2. The entire income sources should be included. Paying down debt To proceed in an effective manner you have to – 1. Saving for child's education 3. Profits returned to shareholders monthly. bonds. Adjust your budget 4. 5. Understand your fixed and flexible expenditures 3. and other investments. 4. It should be based on your future financial goals.
These contributions are usually tax-free at the year of the contribution and are subject to tax the year it is withdrawn. An individual Retirement Account (IRA) 5. Advantages 1. A requires study and knowledge of business. Municipal bond Fund 8. This gives Protection against inflation. Features – 1. Keogh Plan Traditional IRA: An IRA is an individual retirement fund that he/she can form by making saving each year. Balanced Fund 2. Contributions are non-tax deductible. Lower cost for items purchased 3. Ability to obtain needed items at your desire 4. Types of plans 4. Income sources if you rent it. Retirement plans: They are meant to help individuals to set aside money to be used after they retire. Can be difficult to convert into cash. Penalty charges apply if money is withdrawn before retirement age. Industry Fund 7. Regional Stock Fund C) Real estate: Buying a house. Income tax rate is lower after retirement on account of low-income resources. except held down by convinced state of affairs. Roth IRA 6. Growth Fund 5. Lower chance of overspending. Federal income tax is not at once payable on money put into a retirement account or on the interest it makes. 2. Income tax is paid when money is withdrawn. Types of mutual funds 1. Disadvantages 1. 3. 2. But planning should be made as soon as possible. Income Fund 6. Roth IRA: A Roth IRA is an individual retirement fund that he/she can form by making contributions each year. There are several things to be sure about necessary income to finance your retirement. living in that and selling it later at a profit. Allows small investors to take advantage of professional account management and diversification normally only available to large investors. 4. Retirement Planning: A person’s full retirement age 65 years and 4 months. Fewer impulse buying 2.
. Credit: It helps us in the following ways: 1. 401(k) 7. Global Stock Fund 4.1. Global Bond Fund 3.
You can go for any of the option available with the bank but before going for that you must look for personal and family requirement and proceed in accordance with that. individuals can then receive regular annuity payments from the insurance company. These payments can be made over a definite period of time. Variable annuity Checking Accounts Accounts are needed for saving money in a bank. Financial institutions should disclose 1.00 to $12. Checking account is specially designed for meeting the regular transaction. Other terms and conditions Following factors should be kept in mind: Fees. It is a long-term contract between you and an insurance company. you don’t even have to write checks for those. You can also find some institution offering free checking. Money earned comes from the interest rate or annual yield. Government agencies:
. Guarantees: means the replacement of the product with a new one in case of not coming up to the terms defined in the contract or in case of damage. A track of transaction can be easily maintained and it’s very cheaper to go with. and penalties And interested rate offered. These are of two types – 4. or they can last a lifetime. Fees on deposit accounts 2. but are based on the consumer's reasonable expectations about the goods in all the circumstances. which a customer has to make to fulfill his liability. It is very convenient and helpful if you want to pay your recurring bills or when you want that a fixed amount for loan etc. After making a single lump-sum premium payment. The interest rate 3. Express warranties: which are based on what the supplier says about the goods. Implied warranties: which don't depend simply on what the supplier says. There are two kinds of warranties: 1. charges. Consumer Protection (Guarantees/Warranties) Terminology: . Fixed annuity 5.00 per month.it is the shorthand label used in describing the supplier's contractual responsibilities (or guarantees) regarding the quality or fitness of the goods. it usually cost from $5. 2. to be automatically withdrawn from account. Warranties: It implies that the product will be repaired and service according to the contract. or a series of periodic payments.Saving account: The APY (annual percent yield) that is the percentage rate expressing the total amount of interest that would be received is based on the annual rate and frequency of compounding for a 365-day period. Annuities: These are manageable insurance contracts intended to provide income and help you achieve long-term savings goals.
Consumer Product Safety Commission – it works on reducing the mortality rate on account of consumer products. b) Body building food: Body goes through constant anabolic and catabolic activities. Vitamins and 5.
Nutrition and Food
Food: it is defined as any nutritive material of plant or animal origin which when taken into the human body meets the need for growth. and nutrition research and policy. together termed as metabolism. Tissues need to be repaired
. Physiological functions: a) Energy giving food: Energy is required for voluntary and involuntary functions i.e. 2. a) Protein. They help in the regulation of body processes and are not nutrients in real sense. digestion and absorption (voluntarily function) and walking. 4. Department of Agriculture – it include meat and poultry inspection system. b) Psychological functions. Food and Drug Administration – it take cares for the medicinal things to common food ingredients. Nutrients Classification. Classification of food: 1. and e) Minerals. The other two components of food are water and roughage. 3. Consumer Gateway – it provides sources available for various categories of consumer products available online. 2. 3. Federal Citizen Information Center – this agency looks out for consumer problems and government services. the executive branch and the courts. Public Citizen – it represents consumer interests in Congress. Fat. Minerals. maintenance. These substances are: 1. Nutrients: These can be defined as small chemical component of food capable of performing functions related to body’s ability to work grow. 4. circulation. and c) Socio-cultural function. a) Physiological functions. Functional Classification. 2. b) Fat. 2. c) Vitamins d) Carbohydrates. consumer education on food safety. 5. Functions of food: 1. National Association of Consumer Advocates – they represents consumers’ interest. develop and maintain good health. tissue repair and work. for processes like respiration. Protein. Consumer Advocates groups: 1. It is made up small chemical units called nutrients. playing etc (involuntarily function).1. Carbohydrates.
304 1.112 Moderate (ounces) 18.464 Heavy (ounces) 23. some older adults (servings) 6 Older children. New tissues are also added on during the period of rapid growth and development.816 Sedentary (ounces) 14.e. Fish. for a total of 7 ounces 5 4 2 or 3
Above-mentioned serving follows American dietary guideline norms. and Pasta. One tends eat more.52 1. Social and cultural events are often accompanied by refreshments and feast shared with friends and relatives. active men (Servings) 11
Bread. for a total of 5 ounces 3 2 2 or 3
2. teen girls.408 2. Dry Beans. Refreshment brings people together and eases the general atmosphere. Rice.76 1. active women.76 1. most men (servings) 9 Teen boys.448 1.because they wear out because activities carried out by the men. depress appetite in some individuals and some people derive satisfaction of company from food and eat more.408 Sedentary (ounces) 20. thus bridging the cultural differences. Yogurt. d) Regulatory food: Water and roughage is needed to regulate the various body activities. Psychological function: Food satisfies the emotional need in an individual. Socio-cultural functions: People try to try out food outside the meal pattern at a social get together.192 1. especially whole grain Meat.408 2. diseases acquired due to unbalanced diet. 3. Factors influencing nutritional needs Various factors contribute towards the nutritional needs of human body like age.408 1.52
.584 2.24 1.408
Adult woman Moderate (ounces) 15.76 3. 2. for a total of 6 ounces 4 3 2 or 3
3.112 1. and Cheese
2. Cereal. Nutritional Guidelines Recommended Balanced diet intakeFor Adults Food items Adult man Working condition Cereals Pulses Leafy vegetables Other vegetables Sedentary (ounces) 16. kind of work etc.584 3. c) Protective food: food is needed for providing protection against the deficiency diseases i. when one is in a good mood. Nuts Vegetable Group Fruit Group Milk.408 3. Loneliness.432 1. Water helps in disposing of wastes from body and roughage facilitates peristaltic movements and prevents constipation.408 2. sex.52 1. women. It is the activity which a person carries out during the daily routine best describes how much food and nutrient supply is needed for a person and Food group Children ages 2 to 6 years. Poultry.
For child and teens: Food items Children (ounces) Age 1-3 4-6 7-9 years years Years Cereals Pulses Leafy vegetables Leafy vegetables Other vegetables Roots and tubers Milk Oil and fat Eggs Meat and fish Sugar and jaggery 6.056 1.28 25 1.056 1.76 1.112 7. digestion.056 1.76 1.232 12.408 1.584 1.056 8.584 1.64 1.584 1.76 5.04 1.76 5.76 3.056 1.28 1.408 15.8 2.76 8.112 2.352 10.056 .232 1.408 8.232 1.8 1. Optimum nutrition: A person is known to be in the state of optimum nutrition when the essential nutrients are supplied and utilized to maintain health and well being at the highest possible level.8 1. Malnutrition: It is defined as a state in which prolonged lack of one or more nutrients retards physical development or causes the appearances of specific clinical conditions such as anaemia.76 2.408 8.52 2.056 1.232 .056 1.56 15 1.232 1.584 1.8 1.8 1.704 8.8 2.84 2. 4.408 1.408
Girls (ounces) 101315-18 12 15 Years years years 13.232 1.464 150 2.056 1.112 2.64 1.056 1.232 1.584 1.816 8.056 1.8 25 1.056 12.52 2.232 1.37 6 1.232 1. 3.584 1.408 1.056 1.504 1.232
2.056 .056 1. Under-nutrition: It is a state of the body arising from in-adequate intake of food and resultant reduced body weight. 2.112 3.112 7.52 20 1.76 1. Excessive intake of food will make the individual over weight.16 1.056 1.232 1.056
2.28 1.056 1.408 1.704
1.584 15.136 1.32 1.8 1.112 8.056 .232 8.8 2.056 1.112 3. Basic terms defining nutrition conditions: 1.584 1. It provides as reserve as well. Over nutrition: It results when individual eats more food than his requirement.64 1.056 1.408 8.784 50 1.056 1.232 1.76 2.8 1.056 1.76
Boys (ounces) 10-12 13-15 16-18 years years years 14.056 1.32 1.232 1.056 1.64 1.056 9.056
Nutrients: nutrition is a process of ingestion.408 1.232 1.232 1.704 .76 150 2.232 1.056 1.232 8.64 1.408 1.Roots and tubers Milk Oil and fat Eggs Meat and fish Sugar and jaggery
1. absorption and utilization of food for the well being of the living organism.8 1.
.04 1. goitre etc.056 1.
collagen Gelatin Lysine Glutenin. which are not produced inside the human body.Function and sources of food Proteins: . Hormones. Carbohydrates perform the regulatory functions in the body. gliadin Hordenin Orzenin Keratin
Carbohydrates: . hydrogen and oxygen. which are needed by the human body. 3. 2. Sources of proteins: Name of food Milk Egg white Meat Blood Hoof Pulses Wheat Barley Maize Hair
Proteins Present Casein. They are referred to as saccharides. are called as essential Aminoacids and vice-versa. fibrin. 5. lactalbumin. It is the main source of energy and gives 4 calories of energy per gram.These are complex organic compounds with nitrogen as the integral part and are made up of small units called amino acids. 4. and also the supply of oxygen is regulated by hemoglobin. Carbohydrates constitute the bulk of most diets. 3. Carbohydrates are essential for the metabolism of the fats. Functions of proteins: 1. lactoglobin Albumin and avidin Myosin Globin. responsible for the maintenance of old and worn out tissues. certain amino acids. Sources of Carbohydrates: Cereals Roots and tubers Wheat Potatoes Rice Colacasia Ragi Yam Maize Tapioca Bread Turnips Biscuits Beet root
Sweet Foods Jaggery Honey Grapes Ripe banana Mango Dates
. Essential for growth of new cells in the body. Functions of Carbohydrates: 1. 6. There are twenty-two amino acids contents.These are complex organic compounds made up of carbon. 4. 2. Enzymes and coenzymes are responsible for the digestions of food are proteins in origin. Globin protein is an essential part of connective tissues hemoglobin. responsible for the various vital activities of the body are also proteins in nature. Carbohydrates taken in sufficient amount have a protein sparing action. There are two kinds of amino acids essential and nonessential. 5. The antibodies providing immunity are proteins in nature. Proteins are also capable of giving energy supply. The bacteria derive energy from the carbohydrates for the synthesis of Bcomplex vitamins present in the gastro-intestinal tract.
Fats/lipids are a reservoir of calories. Thiamine (B1) is required for the well being of nerves. 3. For normal functioning of foetal tissue. 5. It prevents Occular lesions. Fats lubricate digestive tract and facilitate evacuation of waste from the body. 2. D. in small amounts for its metabolism. All vitamins differ in chemical and physiological actions. 4. Sources of fats: Animal Fats Milk Cream Butter Egg yolk Pure gee Lard Suet Fish Vegetable fats Vanaspati ghee Oils from corn Peanuts Sesame Sunflower Cotton seeds Nuts
Vitamins: . 1. 5. 2. which the body requires. fats. 3.These are organic substances. benzene. & K and aids in the absorption of these vitamins.fatsoluble and water-soluble. seborrhea of skin and cracking of lips and tongues. 18
. Fatty layers/adipose tissue provides protection to the delicate internal organs.Fats or Lipids: Fats are concentrated forms of energy in the diet. It is required for the proper functioning of eyes (Rhodopsin). hydrogen and oxygen in different proportions. E. It is important for normal tissue function. 4. yet cannot make it at least in sufficient quantities. Fats are complex organic compounds made of glycerol and fatty acids. carbon tetra chloride and alcohol etc. Fats supply the essential soluble vitamins-A. They are complex soluble in ether. these are composed of carbon. 3. For proper functioning of sweat glands. For epithelial cells. Functions of Vitamins: Name of Vitamin Vitamin-A Function of Vitamin 1. Riboflavin is essentials for the enzymes that help in the metabolism of carbohydrates. Vitamins are of two types. Functions of fats: 1. 2. 5. For proper development of skeletal. Fats provide fatty layer below the skin that checks the loss of heat from the body or it acts as insulation between external and internal environment. and proteins. Pregnancy and lactation requires higher Thiamine intakes 4.
a protein essential for binding and cementing the teeth on the jaws. Dark-green leafy vegetables like spinach and mustard greens. kiwi fruit. bones. Folic acid is necessary for the metabolism of proteins. 7. cantaloupe 2. Cooked dry beans and peas. romaine lettuce 4. It maintains collagen. Helps in the metabolism of amino acids tyrosine and in the functioning of adrenal glands. 5. turnip greens 3. 2. It is required for the proper formation of intracellular glandular substance or matrix that binds the cells in tissues as capillaries. Green peas Vitamin C 1. 8. 1. 2. It promotes the absorption of calcium and phosphates from small intestine. Broccoli. apricots Tomatoes 1. Orange vegetables like carrots. It promotes the tabular absorption of phosphorous in the kidney. peppers. Regeneration of red blood cells. collards. peanuts 2. orange juice 3. antaloupe. strawberries. In the formation of red blood cells in bone marrow. For the absorption of iron in the body. Orange fruits like mango. P u m p k i n Dark-green leafy vegetables such as spinach. 3. Vitamin-C (Ascorbic acid) 1. Oranges. 2. Protects body against infections 7. It heals wounds. teeth dentin. Source 1. Citrus fruits and juices. Minerlisation of bones and their normal growth. 4. 6. sweet potatoes. potatoes
Name Vitamin A
. For the normal functioning of gastro intestinal tract. connective tissue and cartilage. 4. 6. cabbage.of skin and cracking of lips and tongues. For the process of calcification. tomatoes. 4. 3.
iv. which stores O2 in the muscles and uses it for concentration. ii. greens. Phosphorous and calcium are acid forming elements while calcium. It provides proper color and composition to blood by mixing with proteins. Heart has got enough calcium in the fluid that batches the heart muscles and is responsible for the muscles contractions and relaxations. It helps in contraction and relaxation of muscles. Leafy greens such as romaine lettuce. It controls the functioning of the nerves. ii. It helps in oxidation of proteins. Iodine in thyroxine and iron in hemoglobin aid the oxidation process in the body. v. Functions of minerals: 1. It is responsible for the formation of blood clot. sulphur and chlorine are alkaline forming. Iron is present in muscles as myoglobin. fats and carbohydrates within the cell. c) Iodine: i.3. turnip 4. a) Calcium: i. spinach
Minerals: These are the elements that remain largely as ash when plant or animal tissues are burnt. They regulate acid base balance. It provides rigidity to bones. potassium. Calcium is needed for the normal functioning of muscles. b) Iron: i. Fluoride is needed for teeth and bones. 2. 3. Calcium regulates cell permeability. iii. iii. iv. Iodine controls the oxidation of carbohydrates and energy metabolism. ii. Iron is responsible tissue respiration. These are water-soluble and the excess is excreted through urine. They are called as major minerals and trace minerals depending upon the amount required in the body. They consist about 40% of body weight. 4.
Seafood such as fish. Soup made with milk 10. mussels. dried fruits such as apricot sand prunes. turnip greens 1. cooked greens (such as spinach). Cooked dry beans (such as baked beans) and lentils 5. Sardines 6. Spinach 8. Breakfast cereal with added calcium 6. Bananas. Baked white or sweet potato. Milk (lactose free and lactose reduced milk) 3. liver and other organ meats 3.Sources of Minerals: Name Calcium
Sources 1. lobsters. crabs. Fruit juice with added calcium 8. 6. Soy-based beverage with added calcium Tofu. Sea salts. and lentils 9. Enriched and whole grain breads 1. Natural cheeses such as Mozzarella. It is present in water. Dark-green leafy vegetables such as collards.
. prawn. Turkey dark meat (remove skin to reduce fat) 5. Canned fish with soft bones such as salmon.Yogurt 2. Ready-to-eat cereals with added iron 4. winter (orange) squash 2. Sardines (high in salts) 7. plantains. 7. Orange juice 4. Pudding made with milk 9. 11. and oysters 2. and Parmesan 4. if made with calcium sulfate 5. Lean meats (especially beef). 3. Cooked dry beans (such as kidney beans and pinto beans). clams. Swiss. peas (such as blackeyed peas). Shellfish like shrimp. Cheddar.
3. Psychological difficulties 2. While bulimia person suffers more from mental discomfort. 5. is commonly called as bulimia. Obesity It is a state in which the natural energy reserve of a human. Mental illnesses 3. a BMI over 30 is considered obese. is expanded far beyond usual levels to the point where it is believed to pose a health risk to the human. 6. Conducive neurophysiologic conditions. Deficiencies in important vitamins and minerals. A person with a BMI over 25 is considered overweight. 2. Depression Causes of anorexia 1. Bulimia is a pathology having to do with body image and the desperate desire to appear thin. the current measurement of obesity is the body mass index (BMI). Some anorectics may embody bulimic behaviors into their illness. 4.Related Health Problems Anorexia – it is a type of eating disorder. beryllium and arsenic poisoning. In humans. Treating anorexia1. which deals with eating disorders. Fasting A person is unable to controlling the urge to binge. Vomiting 2. Mercury. Genetic. such as magnesium and the B vitamins. Inappropriate use of laxatives. Family counseling. Zinc deficiency. which is basically characterized by the sufferer's obsession with food.
. diuretics or other medication 3. enemas. it is a psychological condition in which the person engages in repeated binge eating followed by intentionally doing one or more of the following in order to compensate for the intake of the food and prevent weight gain: 1. Excessive exercising 4. lead. 7. Person suffering from Anorexia generally have1. 4. Hospitalization. Physiological or psychological in origin. the intentional restriction of their intake of it plus a general psychological obsession caused by starvation. Mix of both. Treatment of any present vitamin and dietary-mineral deficiencies. Psychotropic drugs such as antidepressants 5. Support groups such as Overeaters Anonymous. Anorexia treatment-centers 3. Bulimia: Bulimia nervosa. 6. which is stored in fat. psychotherapy 2.
Hypoglycemia means an extremely low blood glucose level. High blood pressure and high cholesterol 3. or if those cells. It can arise in diabetics who have too much insulin (from injections or from insulin release stimulating drugs -. pills. Through complex therapy.Health risk1. Treatment of obesity 1. 2. Person has to urinate often. Genetic factors 1. 2. Symptoms: 1. Reducing physical activity 3. keeping blood glucose levels as near as feasible to nondiabetic values 3.usually pills) for the amount of food they eat and exercise they get. This disease characterized by excretion of large amounts of dilute urine. Surgical methods Diabetes 1. Increased calorie intake 4. Insipidus Causes 1.The virus AD-36 has been identified as a cause of obesity in animals. Common drugs in pill form for example. education and life-style. get very thirsty and hungry. Increased risk of other diseases like carpal tunnel syndrome. Drugs promoting weight loss 3. Diabetes Treatment 1. Hyperglycemia or too high blood glucose levels occurs if the quantity of insulin is not adequate to cause the cells to take up the glucose from the blood. which disrupts the body's water regulation. Insulin injections. Juvenile diabetes a) Adult onset b) Gestational diabetes (during pregnancy) 2. 2. Likely to urinate frequently. High-energy food 2. Bedwetting. 4. High triglyceride levels in the blood (metabolic syndrome) 4. 3. Heart disease 2. Dehydrated
. respond up to a minimal standard to it. Dietary restriction and physical exercise 2. 4.biguanides. Drinking large amounts of water. Viral infection . sulfonylureas and Tolinase
Diabetes Insipidus: it is often called as water diabetes. and feel weak. and implants. insulin pump. which demand insulin to absorb glucose no longer.
Saturated Fat (g) . Parasites.5. 150 224 300. 300. 2. 3. 14 15 18
1. full cream milk.4.Saturated fat to be less than 10 percent of calories over a school week. 2.5. To increase nutrient consumption (such as calcium. Breakfast . raw sprouts. Dinner. Meal/food Management Type of meal1. and cereals but has little intake of vegetables. and whole-wheat bread.
. fats. 197.
Sociocultural aspects of food The diet of the lower socioeconomic groups provides cheap energy from foods such as meat products. 3. sugars. magnesium. Choose a variety of fruits and vegetables daily
Choosing food: 1. Irritable or listless. 10. 3. Urinalysis and a fluid deprivation test. MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) of the brain. preserves. fiber). 400.3. 13. Pregnant women should eat foods ingrained with folic acid. viruses. Total Fat (g) . Choose a variety of grains daily. iron. People of different region and religion food intake habit vary in vast differences and this sometimes keeps them away from balanced diet. 2. Physiological and psychological satisfaction of food – food intake depends truly on the physical and mental activities a person is carrying out and on his/her taste. 200. 225 11. Teenagers 267. 3. 2. 12. fruit. potatoes. 3. 257.lower in saturated fat 2. 5. 113.Total fat not to exceed 30 percent of calories over a school week. 14. 4. 286. This type of diet is lower in essential nutrients such as calcium.5. osmolality 3. raw (unpasteurized) milk and products made from unpasteurized milk. and vitamin C than that of the higher socioeconomic groups. Older adults and people with little exposure to sunlight may need a vitamin D 7. other vitamins and minerals. Foods should be free from harmful bacteria. especially whole grains 8.5. Do not eat or drink unpasteurized juices. Diagnosis 1. To reduce the fat intake choose lower % Daily Value food 4. 6.cereal containing more folic acid. RDA DIETARY GUIDELINES Name RDA for Protein (g)RDA for Calcium (mg)RDA for Iron (mg)RDA for Vitamin A (RE) RDA for Vitamin C (mg) Small children 5.higher %DV.0.
Food Storage and Preparation 1. and shellfish 4. Reheat sauces. never leave meat. Ground Poultry. Do not eat raw or undercooked meat. 3. Well-Done Meats 170 °F Stuffing. c) % Daily Value 2. Read the label and follow safety instructions on the package Food Preparation Temperature: Uncooked and undercooked animal foods are unsafe. poultry. 4. cover the container and turn or stir the food to make sure it is heated evenly throughout. Choose and prepare foods with less salt 5. 5. Pork and Ground 160 °F Meats Medium-Rare Beef Steaks. eggs. Veal. Reheat leftovers thoroughly to at least 165° F. and take them straight home.
. eggs. 6. 5. 2. raw (unpasteurized) milk Temperature level Food Whole Poultry 180 ° F Poultry Breast. Egg Dishes. Don’t eat raw or partially cooked eggs. fish. buy perishable foods last. Cold foods cold (40º F or below). 4. 1. Raw Eggs. 145 °F Roasts. a) Nutrition Facts b) Ingredient list. soups. Check the food label. fish. Whether raw or cooked. Aim for a moderate sodium intake Food selection and Purchase 1. Lamb Hold Hot Foods 40 °F 40 °F Refrigerator Temperatures 0 °F Freezer Temperatures ÿ Dangerous Zone – 40 °F to 140 °F is suspected for bacterial growth. and gravies to a boil.3. When shopping.Refrigerate perishable foods 2. Proper cooking makes most uncooked foods safe. Be sure to chill leftovers as soon as your are finished eating. Keep hot foods hot (140º F or above) 3. When in doubt. Chill. Reheat Leftovers 165 °F Meats-Medium. or shellfish out at room temperature for more than 2 hours (1 hour in hot weather 90º F or above). Cook eggs until whites and yolks are firm. poultry. marinades. or foods containing raw eggs. If using a microwave oven. throw it out.
Buy basic style and good quality stuff 7. Replace cutting boards once they have become worn or develop hard-to-clean grooves. Evaluating your present wardrobe. or eggs. or playing With pets
Clothing and Textiles
Wardrobe Management Wardrobe management It is needed because it will help you to use your resources wisely and will help you in reducing time. surfaces. Wash raw fruit and vegetables under running water before eating. durable and flexible 2. Planning – it will help in understanding current needs and consumer will be able to make a sound decision on purchasing. poultry. eggs. 2. 3. or serving plates. 3. preparing. Clean . utensils. fish. Clothing should be easy to care for. Cleanliness: Common precautionary measures: 1. poultry. Keep raw meat. especially after handling raw meat. Color plan for each family member 4. Wash your hands after handling or preparing food. Basic planning steps are1. money and energy to be spent. Separate raw. Right after you prepare these raw foods. Taking care of the present clothes Growing kid wardrobe planning needs1. Buying only necessary things as size change makes them of no use Textiles Textile fiber is very long in relation to its thickness. The strength and elasticity of the fiber depends on the force between these cells. Use a vegetable brush to remove surface dirt if necessary. 4. and shellfish in containers in the refrigerator so that the juices don’t drip onto other foods. shellfish. cooked. Wash your hands with warm soapy water for 20 seconds before you handle food or food utensils. and ready-to-eat foods while shopping. fish. 8. clean the utensils and surfaces you used with hot soapy water. 5. Classification of fibers – 1. poultry. 3. fish. Natural fibers
. changing diapers. Go for flexibility 6. Organizing it. Store raw meat. or storing 2. It consists of cell arranged in its longitudinal direction. and shellfish away from other foods. Always wash your hands after using the bathroom.Wash hands and surfaces often 2. 7. Look for variety 5. 6.Perishable food storage 1.
Calendered or non-calendered 4. Lower strength in tension and also bulkiness of non-calendered products are also characteristic for the fabric.a) Vegetable fibers e. Scope of areal weights within approx. Characteristic fineness of individual filaments within the scope of 1 . Persistent stable electrostatic charge.g.g. b) Animal fibers e. 6. Thermally insulating and sorptive properties. Very fine fibers 2. Mineral 4.g.5 den Meltblown Technology: Bonded fabrics of the Meltblown type are produced by technology based on the Exxon patent. Polypropylene is the most frequent initial raw material used. polyester and nylon. Man made fibers – a) Regenerated fiber e. 2. 5. High specific surface assuring excellent filtering 4. Variable areal weight 3. cotton and flax. Thermo plastic Production of Fibers: a) Spunbond Technology: direct spinning of polymer granules into continuous filaments and the subsequent production of an areal textile bonded fabric made of them. 10 .
. wool and silk. Uniform distribution of fibers in the areal textile fabric determining the characteristic values of the properties that are in the longitudinal and lateral directions in the ratio of approx.150 g/m2 2. Properties of the fabrics: 1. Properties: 1. viscose rayon and acetate. Cellulose 2. The fabric may be produced in white or in color 2. Hydrophobic or hydrophilic 3. Characteristics1. Chemical composition: 1. 2:1 3. b) Synthetic fibers e. The fibers are of undefined length and random orientation their diameter varies longitudinally. Protein 3. High final strength of the textile fabric caused by the high strength of continuous filaments 4.g.
One Level (1LEVEL) 2. Secure local ownership of decisions 7.5STY) 3.Housing
Housing Types of Housing Class classification 1. Avoid irrevocable contracting-out decisions. Apartment Type description: 1. The capability to fulfil its strategic housing role 4. Split Level ( SPLIT ) Housing functions There is no need. Prosperous families do
. Residential. Link Home (LINK) 10. 1.
Family and Consumer Sciences Education
Philosophical and Professional Concerns Family and Consumer Sciences Education programs make ready students for adult roles. Storey (3STOREY) 5. Hi Ranch (HIRANCH) 9. Deliver high quality services to the public 6. Ensure that housing functions are delivered in a coherent way that allows appropriate referral on to other relevant services 8. Detached 2. Ensure that suitable targets can be set for the delivery of housing functions in the post transfer setting 3. Duplex-Up/Down (DUP-UD) 8. Mobile (MOBIL) 11. an undivided interest in common areas of a multi-unit project.homeowner holds freehold title to a dwelling unit and block of land. 2. Bungalow (BUNGLOW) 6. Strike the right balance between control and efficiency 5. Continue to discharge its official housing responsibilities and transfer its own housing policies 2. Style description: 1. Maintain high morale among housing authority staff affected by transfer 9. and sometimes the exclusive use of certain limited common areas. Row Unit 3. Double Side by Side (DBL-SXS) 7. and careers related to family. 1 _ Storey (1.homeowner holds title to an individual dwelling unit. or prospect. family responsibilities. Semi-Detached 4. that housing authorities will contradict housing functions simply because they are transferring their housing stock. Storey (2STOREY) 4. Condominium .
family and work lives. and career development. 2. Each committee spent approximately a year conducting a community health assessment. and work environments. start a business. 4. Standard of living is the actual level of living being experienced 6. employment. Dual careers A dual career means working for homemaking/wage earning by both husband and wife. Promoting optimal nutrition and wellness across the life span. 8. community. happy. switch to a new industry was another revealing finding of dual Careers Differences: Both women and men want to control over their advancement path Characteristics of consumer Consumer Science education aims at: 1. A working spouse gave them the freedom to leave their jobs if they weren't satisfied. Well-being is the state of being well. 5. 3. Preparing individuals for the work of the family is basic and necessary philosophical and professional concern. Using critical and creative thinking skills to address problems in diverse family. healthy or prosperous. they demand constant effort. Managing resources to meet the material needs of individuals and families. Respondents cited more income as a benefit of the dual-career marriage. The assessments include: 3. Couples the benefits of economic independence and career control 2. community. 6. Examining data on health status 4. FHA/HERO: FHA/HERO prepares students to be intricate in adult life. It aims to promote personal growth and leadership through family and consumer sciences education It focuses on: -
. Strengthening the well being of individuals and families across the life span. change jobs. Functioning effectively as providers and consumers of goods and services. the fact that couples valued highly the option to take career risks. 4. 5. prevent substance abuse. It offers: 1. Appreciating human worth and accepting responsibility for one's actions and success in family and work life. Balancing personal. Indicators from the Mass As a result of this assessment a comprehensive set of initiatives designed to reduce family and community violence. home. That having a working spouse had a positive impact on their careers. relationships and surroundings. and work settings. Quality of life is the perception of and the level of satisfaction of confidence with one's conditions.not just happen. implementation and Evaluation Community Advisory Committees The liability to the committees is to identify community health concern. 3. Becoming responsible citizens and leaders in family. Successful life management. Planning. 7.
Q4. Question and Answers Q1.What is the meaning of the term adolescence? a) Period between childhood and adulthood b) Period between childhood and teenage c) Period between birth and death.Common changes seen during adolescence are? a) Cognitive development
. Q5. in blended family the biological parent of one child is the stepparent of the other. practical knowledge.Which type of family does include one stepsibling stepparents or half-sibling? a) Nuclear family b) Blended family c) Single parent d) Extended family Sol: (b). Q3. interpersonal communication.1. and vocational preparation. Q6. Q2. Extended family shares the same view and moves ahead with common purpose. Development of skills for life through character development.An extended family consists of? a) Parents and their biological children b) Single parents to form the family c) Same generation people d) Different generation people Sol: (d). in this two or more adult from different generations share the same house. it is a period between childhood and adulthood and can be further categorized into early and late adolescence. Multiple roles of family member 2. Sol: (a).A family in which person if live apart shares the common decision and values is? a) Nuclear b) Blended c) Extended d) Single parent Sol: (c).Which type of family is known as hunter family? a) Single parent b) Extended c) Nuclear d) Blended Sol: (c) because it is a society in which people must be mobile. d) None of these. Half-siblings shares only one biological parent. creative and critical thinking.
transference of characteristics from parent to their offspring’s takes place due to chromosomes (genes) and this effect is called as hereditary. d) Sensory motor. b) Sensory motor. c) Sensory motor. each adolescent grows in a different way. a disturbance in maturation leads to state of depression more pronounced in male. Q8. pre-operational.Four stages of a) Sensory motor. Q10. cognitive development are? re-operational. Q7. sex operations and formal operations. Q11.Psychological effects of early and late maturation are more on? a) Male b) Female c) Animal d) All of these Sol: (a). Sol: (d). concrete operations and formal operations. maturation takes place in a child during adolescence.Transference of parental characteristics to their offspring is? a) Meredith b) Hereditary c) Hierarchy d) Kinship Sol: (b).Primary and secondary characteristics start developing with onset of? a) Liberty b) Puberty c) Severity d) Birth Sol: (b). concrete operations and informal operations. pre-operational. concrete operations and formal operations. in accordance with cognitive development theory of Piaget.
Sol: (c).b) Physical development c) Sexual gland development d) All of these.Rate of development of boys and girls is? a) Different b) Same c) Unknown d) None of these Sol: (a). it is the starting stage of arousal of sexual development. Q12.Which of the following characteristics are hereditary in nature? a) Physical resemblance b) Mental ability c) Aptitudes d) All of these
. Q9. pre-operational.
Q15.Hereditary defects can be reduced by? a) Sympathy b) Rehabilitation’ c) Genetic counseling d) None of these Sol: (c). then a baby boy is born and if yy pair is formed then a girl is born.Main functions of the family consist of? a) Education b) Physical support c) Psychological support d) All of the above Sol: (d). Q14. all of the above characteristics are inherited in a child from their parents.An individual behavior is usually affected by? a) Family b) Community/environment c) School d) All of the above Sol: (d). when xy and women xy genes pairs resulting in xy.Reward and punishment is a part and parcel of which learning theory? a) Cognitive development theory b) Social development theory c) Behavioral development theory d) None of the above
.Apart from interest and abilities of the individual. All of the above factor are important in deciding the choice for a career plan. which other factors help in determine the future of a child? a) Socio-economic status b) Schooling c) Parents d) All of the above Sol: (d). these factors play an important in shaping the behavior of an individual and the process is called behavior modeling. Q13. it helps in reducing hereditary (genetic) effects by giving proper advice.Sol: (d). family member extends its support to its member in all the areas of life. Q16.Who is responsible for determining the sex of the child? a) Father b) Mother c) Grandmother d) Grand father Sol: (a). Q17. Q18.
Q24. Q22.Keys to Successful Family Functioning are? a) Promotion of the emotional b) Physical c) Social welfare d) All of the above Sol: (d). emotional support d) It includes education. Q21. THD combines all these factors in order to relate or understand the human development. b) It include health. wealth gain c) It include mental. communication is the way through which information is exchanged between two or more person. Q20.What is the need for the establishment of family member’s roles and responsibility? a) For recognition b) For playing
. it covers all the aspects of an individual prosperity and family functioning. these are the factors that contribute to family's internal strengths and the durability of the family unit.Total Human Development model is based upon? a) Exploration through Reading b) Understanding through Problem Solving c) Action through Program Development d) All of the above Sol: (d). Q19.What are the essential skills for the effective communication in a family? a) Ability to listen to others b) To pay attention to what they say c) Both (a) and (b) d) None of the above Sol: (c).Family task areas include? a) It includes basic.Sol: (c). rewards and consequences. Sol: (a).Cognitive-developmental Learning Theory advocates? a) Dialogue. it states that people learn is through constructive reinforcement that includes rules. b) Society c) Activities d) Physical strength Sol: (a). Dialogue stimulates thinking by relating facts and concepts that encourage learning. developmental and crisis tasks.
c) Development proceeds from the center of the body bi-directional.Sudden growth in adolescence leads to?
. focus is made on family strength and promotion of these skills is done in order to avoid resiliency.Principle of proximodistal development states that? a) Development proceeds from the center of the body outward.Which type of family results in healthier relationships? a) Rigid and do not adapt changes b) Rigid and do adapt to changes c) Flexible and do not adapt changes d) Flexible and adapt changes Sol: (d). then the arms. the child gains control of the head first. b) Development proceeds from the legs upward. Q29. d) Development proceeds from the center of the body multidirectional. Q27. Q28.How do people learns according to social learning theory principle? a) Through modeling and imitation b) Through rewards and consequences c) Through active dialogue and thinking d) Through speaking Sol: (a). it has been proven by various researches that this creates harmony among family members.According to the principle of cephalocaudle direction of developments is? a) Development proceeds from the head downward. Q30. it emphasis on the fact that human learn through relationships. Q25. Sol: (a).Resiliency is found in children because of? a) Social competence b) Problem-solving skills c) A sense of purpose and future d) All of the above Sol: (d). According to this principle. b) Development proceeds from the center of the body inward. d) Development proceeds from the eyes downward. it is based on the assumption of physical development order of child before birth.c) To deal with normal and unexpected change d) Tor communication Sol: (c). Sol: (a). and then the legs. Q26. it helps in establishing clear and flexible relationship with each other and with their responsibilities towards the family. c) Development proceeds from the mouth downward.
feedback d) Planning. organizing. implementing. evaluating. Q32. staffing. these are five P’s or pillars of the management process.Management is? a) Dynamic process b) Static process c) Reversible process d) Irreversible process Sol: (a). Q35. selection
.Planning helps in _ the gap in achieving your goal? a) Abridging b) Bridging c) Maintaining d) Sustaining Sol: (b). implementing. working. controlling b) Planning.What is the crux of the management? a) Planning b) Implementing c) Organizing d) Decision making Sol: (d). preparing.Organizing. organizing. Q31. it is done in order to carry out the task in an effective manner so that the efficiency is increased. it is needed at every step of management. implementing. evaluating Sol: (b). physical growth spurt often perplexes the child making entry into the pubertal period resulting in awkwardness. evaluating. Q33. organizing. Q34. Q36.a) Awkwardness b) Genius c) Selfish d) Anger Sol: (a). it consists of making up a series of decision which leads to the attainment of the desired goals and thus is a dynamic process since decision depends upon time at which they are taken up. is a technique of arranging things in an a) Disorderly manner b) Orderly manner’ c) Ineffective manner d) Improper manner Sol: (b).Steps involved in decision-making are? a) Certification. evaluation.Management consists of? a) Planning. controlling c) Working. because it helps in bridging the gap from where you are and where you want to go. formulation.
storage.Why conservation of time and energy is needed in humans? a) Unlimited resource b) Limited resource c) For saving money d) None of the above Sol: (b).b) Identification.Different family stages are? a) Beginning. Q41.Traditional IRA is?
. Q38. Q40. formulation. it comes from the definition of budget and in making budget we keep record of all our financial activities. evaluation Sol: (c). expanding and retirement. Energy comes from the human body due to intake of food and is spent in doing work. identification or the problem. b) Adolescence and teenage c) Marriage and birth to new baby d) All of the above Sol: (a). Q42. all of the above mentioned factor help in simplification and management of work. it covers almost all the stages of family life from birth till death of person. evaluation. Q37. formulation of alternative.What helps us in keeping track of our money? a) Budget b) Family members c) Neighbors d) Friends Sol: (a). evaluation. Q39. evaluation of consequences and selection of the best course is needed in making the best decision. formulation. selection c) Identification. these are limited human resource and thus need to be conserved for future use. space and equipment c) Changes in the end products d) All of the above Sol: (d).Simplification of work principle includes? a) Changes in the hand and body motion b) Changes in the work. selection d) Identification.Energy is _ to do a job? a) Incapacity b) Capacity c) Duty d) Sincerity Sol: (b).
Checking account is helpful in keeping track of all the above activities. is calculated for period of? a) 366-day b) 365-day c) 363-day d) 364-day Sol: (b).Express warranties include? (a) Any oral statement
. Q47. Q43.Why gets a checking account? a) Convenience b) Record Keeping c) Saving Money d) All of the above Sol: (d). it is fixed in order to avoid the variation in calculating interest period on the deposited amount. it’s up to the investor’s choice.One can receive payment from Annuities? a) Definite period of time b) Regularly for lifetime c) Both (a) and (b) d) None of the above Sol: (c). Q45.Financial institutions are required to disclose the following information on savings account plans they offer? a) Fees on deposit accounts b) The interest rate c) Other terms and conditions d) All of the above Sol: (d).Amount withdrawn from Roth IRA after the age of 59 _years is? a) Tax-payment is needed b) Tax-free c) Cannot be withdrawn d) None of the above Sol: (b). Q46.The annual percent yield (APY).a) b) c) d)
Family fund Personal retirement fund Festival None of the above
Sol: (a). An IRA is a personal retirement fund and is usually tax free the year of the contribution and is subject to tax the year it is withdrawn. Q48. in Roth IRA tax is paid at the time of contribution to the saving and can be withdrawn after individual reaches the age of 59 _years Q44.
yeast formation is carried out and the method is commonly called as fermentation.In.(b) Any written statement (c) Substantial relevance test (d) All of the above Sol: (d) Q49.How parents can prevent teenage pregnancy? a) Open communication b) No communication
. Q54. the normal procedure is? a) Replacement b) Repair c) Not changing it d) All of the above Sol: (b). Q51.what is the process used for the manufacture of alcohol? a) Fermentation b) Sedimentation c) Relaxation d) All of the above Sol: (a).Kind of effects seen on an individual taking drugs and alcohol are? a) Physical or sexual aggression b) Physical gain c) Mental gain d) Boring Sol: (a). court needs the proof of statement made by the seller and buyer is responsible for producing the proof in court. applies even if there is no contract at all? a) Defective good b) Damaged good c) Contaminated food d) Alcohol Sol: (c). which case the legislation. Q50. legislation applies when goods pose an unreasonable danger to the person.According to laws burden of proof re materiality & reliance depends upon? a) Seller b) Buyer c) Community d) Nation Sol: (b). it is the first thing a seller will go for if damage is fixable.If there is a breach of any warranty (whether express or implied). because a person lost controls over his senses due to the intake of drugs so he usually turned aggressive. Q 52. Q53.
because of the untimely responsibilities they have to bear on account of pregnancies.c) Beating d) Leaving alone Sol: (a). Steady source of income is salary etc.Main causes that leads to suicide are? a) Stress. Q55. saving includes all the money raising efforts from the present income.Our Savings activities mainly consist of? a) Retirement b) Personal c) Investments d) All of the above Sol: (d).Suicide is the third leading cause of death for? a) 24-to-34-year-olds b) 5-to-14-year-olds c) 15-to-24-year-olds d) 34-to-64-year-olds Sol: (c) Q57. Q59. and temporary sources of income are rewards etc. all these factors put pressure on the teenage and he/she takes suicide as freedom from all responsibilities.
Q60.Teenage pregnancy leads to? a) School failure b) Poverty c) Physical or mental illness d) All of the above Sol: (d).Our income sources can be? a) Steady and temporary sources b) Fixed sources c) Legacy d) Irregular sources Sol: (a). Q56. b) Confusion c) Pressure to succeed d) All of the above Sol: (d).Developing a Spending Plan needs?
. it will help her to differentiate between Wright and wrong. Q58.
and egg products b) Branded and economically adulterated meat. Q63. it enforces all the acts regarding the above food categories.
. Q62. electron beams.What is food irradiation? a) Food exposure to thermal energy b) Food exposure to solar energy c) Food exposure to radiant energy d) Food exposure to mechanical energy Sol: (c). The Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) of the United States is responsible for ensuring? a) Meat Inspection b) Poultry Products c) Egg Products Inspection d) All of the above Sol: (d). Q61.How expenditure record can help us? a) It is helpful in understanding our current spending b) It is helpful in understanding fixed/variable expenses c) It is helpful in developing a budget d) All of the above Sol: (d). Food irradiation is a process in which products are exposed to radiant energy including gamma rays. poultry. we usually use it keep track of our expenses. Q65. how much you can spend today depends upon how much you want to spare for your tomorrow’s needs.a) List of your short and long term goals b) List of short-term goals c) List of long-term goals d) None of the above Sol: (a). LCPS stands for Labeling and consumer protection staff. plan could not be carried out effectively because one is not certain when and how much it will come in. Q64.Temporary incomes should be should be omitted from your spending plan because? a) They cannot be spent b) They can be included for fixed reference c) They cannot be included for fixed reference d) None of the above Sol: (c).LCPS develops policies and inspection methods and administers programs to protect consumers from? a) Misbranded and economically adulterated meat. poultry. and egg products c) Misbranded and economically good meat. and egg products d) None of the above Sol: (a). poultry. and x-rays.
egg is simple example of simple protein and consists of both. it is deficiency disorder and is caused by the above two conditions. all account for one and the same reason i.Amino acids are joined n long chain by_ to form different proteins? a) Deptide b) Peptide c) Septide d) Meptide Sol: (b). Q68.Different ways of health includes? a) Physical and psychological status.Foods can be classified on the basis of? a) Taste b) Color c) Nutrients d) All of the above Sol: (c).Proteins which neither promote growth nor maintain life?
.What are the benefits of food irradiation? a) Reduces the risk of food borne illness b) Increases the risk of food borne illness c) Reduces the risk of physical damage d) Reduce the risk of psychological disturbance Sol: (a).Q66. nutrients are the essentials for providing nourishment to the body. Q71. Q70. so classification eases our selection criterion.e.Overnutrion or undernutrition results in? a) Male nutrition b) Malnutrition c) Healthy body d) None of the above Sol: (b). health. Q67. Q72.Simple proteins are made up of? a) Albumin and globulin b) Albumin c) Globulin d) None of the above Sol: (a). Q69. b) Incidence of morbidity c) Mortality and longevity of life d) All of the above Sol: (d). by destroying all the harmful bacteria it makes food safer. peptides are the linking units for amino acids to form different proteins.
Q78. e. hydrogenation is done for converting unsaturated fatty acids to vanaspati gee. which form carbohydrates.BMI stands for? a) Body measure index b) Boy measurement index c) Baby measurement index d) Body mass index Sol: (d). Q76.Catalyst is used in the process of hydrogenation of unsaturated fatty acids is? a) Cobalt b) Zinc c) Nickel d) Potassium Sol: (c).g. Q74. are Zein and gelatin but nitrogen liberated by these protein can be utilized for the synthesis of amino acids in the body. Q73. occur in nature? a) Sugar b) Starches c) Sugar and starches d) Roughage Sol: (c). Q77. it is used for measuring body to mass ratio. it will help in reducing problem arising due to cholesterol increase. moderate in total fat b) More of saturated fat c) Low total fat d) None of the above Sol: (a).In.Fatty content of diet should be? a) Low in saturated fat.Carbohydrate constituent released due to the digestion of carbohydrates in the body is? a) Fructose b) Galactose c) Sucrose d) Maltose Sol: (b). Q75. hydrogen and oxygen. these are complex organic compounds made up of carbon.What is needed to keep bones healthy? a) Calcium
.a) b) c) d)
Complete protein Partially complete proteins Incomplete protein Derived proteins
Sol: (c). it does not occur free in nature and is a constituent of milk sugar (lactose).
Q79. cantaloupe b) Cooked dry beans. Color difference ability of a person is affected. calcium constitutes the main component of healthy bones.140°F c) 140.Nutrient constituent list can be found generally? a) Back of the packet b) Front of the packet c) Side of the d) Top of the packet Sol: (a). it contains list of all the ingredients and their amount Q80.Goitre may manifest? a) Under activity of thyroid gland b) Over activity of thyroid gland c) Both (a) and (b) d) None of the above
. green peas c) Baked white or sweet potato d) None of the above Sol: (b) Q83.various sources of folate are? a) Citrus fruit and juice. peas and peanuts. strawberries.Nyctolopia is caused by the deficiency of which vitamin? a) Vitamin D b) Vitamin A c) Vitamin E d) Vitamin K Sol: (b).240°F d) 100.140°F Sol: (b).perishable foods should be? a) Chilled or refrigerated b) Boiled c) Kept as it is d) None of the above Sol: (a) if not chilled it will perish Q82. nyctolopia is commonly known as night blindness and is caused by the deficiency of Vitamin A.b) Iron c) Carbohydrates d) Proteins Sol: (a). kiwi fruit. which is commonly recognized as danger zone in cooking? a) 0. it represents the temperature zone most susceptible for bacterial growth. Q81.Temperature zone. It provides strength to the bones.100°F b) 40. Q84.
or folds b) When worn the garment is with pulls. it allows time to consider budget and clothing needs. pulls and gaps result from areas that are too small.Sol: (c).Textile fabric.Combination of Spunbond type with Meltblown gives? a) SMS b) SSMMS c) SMPS d) Both (a) and (b) Sol: (d).Fabrics produced by the Meltblown technology are suitable for? a) Filtering materials b) Industrial sorbents c) Both (a) and (b) d) None of the above Sol: (c). Q91. Q85. Q. goiter results due the deficiency of iodine. SMS.two Spunbond layers with a Meltblown layer between them and SSMMS.three Spunbond layers with two Meltblown layers between them
. gaps. combinations of PP and PE are not used for the production of that type of bonded fabrics. Q90. Folds develop in areas too large from any side.If a garment fits well than? a) When worn the garment is without pulls. which is absent in fabric produced by Spunbond technology? a) Areal textile fibers b) Pearl textile fiber c) Cereal textile fiber d) All of the above Sol: (a).Why is the wardrobes plan a useful practice? a) To purchase more clothes b) To purchase less clothes c) To manage resources efficiently d) None of the above Sol: (c). gaps. a) b) c) d) Why is one basic neutral color recommended? To add with coordinating garment To save money To have a better utilization of wardrobe with few items All of the above
Sol: (d) Q86. Q87. or folds c) When worn the garment shrinks d) When worn the garment is loose Sol: (a).
it can be easily seen under CC# description of housing rules.In. it shares common wall and usually detached from other walls.Apartment offers commonly? a) Hallways b) Parking lots c) Stairwells d) All of the above Sol: (d). upper level is full height at the center peak but dramatically slopes to shorter height along the outer walls. beside these continuing care houses are also there for adults living.When there is no variable in determining the housing prices. which are the factors to be considered? a) Price of housing
.Q92. Q93. Q95. Which.Exclusive use of some form of properties is legal in which class of properties? a) Residential class b) Condominium c) Serodinium d) All of the above Sol: (b). Q96. Q97. type of housing slopes to shorter height along the outer walls of house? a) 1 level b) 2 level c) 2 storey d) 1 _ storey Sol: (d).which type of housing is separated by small flight of stairs? a) Hi ranch b) Mobile c) Link d) Split Sol: (d) Q98.Name few types of housing option for adult? a) Independent Living b) Assisted Living c) Nursing Homes d) All of the above Sol: (d). Q94. it is a unit lying within a low mid or high-rise building.A housing unit built of common wall but detached from other buildings? a) Detached b) Semi-detached c) Row unit d) Apartment Sol: (b).
regularly reviews the convention on the elimination of all forms of discrimination against a) Women
. Q102.what can be done in order to increase quality of life? a) Research b) Practice c) Providing service d) All of the above Sol: (d). Q101. Q100.Interior design of house depends upon? a) Economic condition of owner b) Taste or owner c) Quality of interior designer d) All of the above Sol: (d). all these factors are common in present scenario and effectively hamper the relationship between youth and adults.b) Quantity of housing c) Both (a) and (b) d) None of the above Sol: (c) Q99.Youth and adults are becoming increasingly disconnected from their communities as family’s experience? a) Increasing mobility b) Distancing from relatives c) Segregation of age levels d) All of the above Sol: (d).CEDAW.Mentoring relationships can be divided into a) Informal b) Formal c) Both (a) and (b) d) None of the above Sol: (c). i. natural and organizational mentoring respectively Q103. all these factors contribute towards the interior designing quality of a house.Dual-careers help in raising? a) Funds b) Self reliance c) Risk taking abilities for growth d) All of the above Sol: (d) Q104.e. all these are necessary steps for improving the quality standards of one’s life.
a student with family and consumer science enrollment can join it at first level of graduation or after that.Sexual essentialism argues that phenomena such as motherhood and heterosexuality? a) Ecologically driven b) Biologically driven c) Cultural indoctrination d) None of the above Sol: (b) Q106. Q107.b) Child c) Man d) Adult Sol: (a) Q105.FHA/HERO organization can be joined at which level of graduation? a) First year b) Second year c) Final year d) None of the above Sol:(a). it evaluates by asking about the community program beneficiary.what is the mission of FHA/HERO type organizations? a) Humanity credit b) Personal growth c) Leadership growth d) All of the above Sol: (d).
Q108.The main functions of Community Benefit Planning Process are? a) To assess needs b) Develop and implement collaborative plans c) Allocate resources. it aims at promoting all these qualities in an individual through it various programs. and measure impact d) All of the above Sol: (d) Q109.
.Community advisory committees do? a) Evaluate b) Arrange for recreation c) Both (a) and (b) d) None of the above Sol: (a).
an important complement to community-based prevention and early intervention is? a) Health services utilization b) Food utilization c) Wealth utilization d) All of the above Sol: (a).Cognitive Behavioral Therapy puts focus on? a) Thoughts b) Beliefs c) Assumptions and behaviors d) All of the above Sol: (d).Low income pregnant women are well served by? a) Hospitals b) Clinics c) Community advisory committees program d) None of the above Sol: (c). through awareness Q111. Q113. Q116. Q112. it has shown substantial reduction in teenage alcohol forming habit. it focuses on stress relief therapy.Which therapy has been most effective for a variety of psychological problems? a) Cognitive Behavioral Therapy b) Gestalt therapy c) Both (a) and (b) d) None of the above Sol: (a) Q115.Primary care practices have intervention has clearly demonstrated outcomes of reducing? a) Alcohol consumption b) Exercise habit c) Eating habit d) None of the above Sol: (a).Q110.Gestalt Therapy focuses on? a) Internal tension and blocked energy b) External tension and blocked energy c) Internal tension and unblocked energy d) External tension and unblocked energy Sol: (a). it aims at relief from negative emotional states. they look after their special needs and provides hospitalization. Q114.Specific technique employed in CBT is? a) Cognitive restructuring b) Relaxation exercises
c) Assertiveness training d) All of the above Sol: (d) Q117. it is done for assuring the proper channelization of the energy. so they are mixed up with peer groups for learning us. ADHD stands for this deficiency and IDEA is law section name. Q120. Sol: (a).Which therapies are recommended for deaf person? a) Behavioral observation audiometry b) Speech audiometry c) Hearing devices d) All of the above Sol: (d) Q118.Some children with ADHD are unable to perform well in the class because of? a) Hyperactivity or inattentivity b) Hyperactivity c) Attentivity d) None of the above.Gifted students need counseling classes because? a) For making career choice b) For making food choice c) For making money d) None of the above Sol: (a).Which law enables the parents to have a right to be considered an equal partner with the school in all decision making of attention deficit hyper-deficient student? a) ADHD b) IDEA c) Both (a) AND (b) d) None of the above Sol: (b).
Marjory L. Gupta .Poleman : Practical Nurse Nutrition Education 16. Cunning . McGrath .Durga : Household Textile and Laundry Work 13.Joseph : Essentials Of Textiles Holt 15.J : Human development Devedas . Kathariane Paddock Hess :Textile Fibres and Their Use 14.E : Adolescence Sebald.P : A Text Book On Child Development Grinder .A.Helen : All About Food.R. 2.Hans : Adolescence Asocial Psychological Analysis Prentice 5. Crandall. S. 3.Poleman : Practicle Nurse Nutrition Education 9. Gross .
. Craig.I. 4.H.B : Eat Drink and Grow Clever 6.E.W :Text Book of home Science 10. Shackelton . Shackelton.R. Deulkar . Practical Home Economics 8.References
1. Davidson.Passenore Brook :Human Nutrition and Dietetics 7. American Dietary guideline internet site. Nickle Rice Trucker :Management in family living 12.G.P : Management Concepts and Environment 11.