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Twenties A pioneering era: from adventure to routine operations

Fly in open aircraft, in the dead of winter? Could such a thing really be possible? It just had to work. And the time was now: the beginning of the 1920s, right after the war. Politicians and journalists were the first to crouch on uncomfortable planks, air-cooled and surrounded by mail bags and parcels. The were real pioneers. But it wouldn t be long until they d be sitting in full-fledged passenger aircraft, equipped with heated cabins.

By now a number of a small aviation companies had sprung up in Germany. Their aircraft made wobbly trips, back and forth, from one city to another preferably along rail lines and during the day. Pilots didn t have radio contact with the ground yet. Only two airlines survived the all-out competitive battle: Deutscher Aero Llyod and Junkers Luftverkehr. For the subsidies-paying German state, however, this was still one too many. After the two joined forces to found Deutsche Luft Hansa AG on January 6, 1926, the flight path started to point upward. Thirties Growing trust: Further, faster and more comfortably

Experienced pilots, with thousands of flight kilometers under their belts, found themselves back at school: They squeezed into a tiny cockpit with blacked-out windows blocking any view to the outside. There pilots learned to fly by instruments alone, to fly under adverse weather conditions and at zero visibility. This was a giant step forward for aviation, passengers and mail. Airlines were better able to adhere to their timetables, even in fall and winter.

Flying lost its seasonal character. What s more: Larger aircraft could now fly longer routes and therein lay the future, not in the hop-and-skip-routes of the early years, which merely cost subsidy money. For Lufthansa, South America and the Far East now drew within reach. Fourties The war years: The fight for survival

Europe was in the grips of war one that was soon to escalate into a world war. The Reich s government obligated Lufthansa by law to provide services, transport flights and technical operations. All Lufthansa

it was business as usual. the airline s home airport. to Tempelhof and Tegel Airports. At the beginning of the decade. That s were businessmen. and even found itself briefly on the brink of a new war. had to be evacuated for a time. Almost at the same time. Jets replace propellers: Time savings on all routes The principle is deceptively simple: Air is sucked into the engine. including the annual report. up-and-coming Federal Republic to fly through the air corridors to West Berlin. This setup was not meant to last. Starting in 1960. American and British pilots sat beside their German colleagues in the cockpits of Lufthansa aircraft in the West. the fourengined Boeing B707s flew on Lufthansa s long-haul routes.documents. the backward thrust of the hot exhaust gases propels the aircraft forward. Like night and day. while Russian and German pilots shared the controls in the East. . These new jet aircraft. Consequently. increased capacities and improved ranges. First in Hamburg and Cologne.hansa s fresh start. two companies named Deutsche Lufthansa took to the skies one on each side of the Iron Curtain. the more so as the world was shaken by political turmoil in the early 1960s. A new beginning: Starting over with fresh spirit Courage and drive were behind Luft. Connections to neutral countries were particularly of great importance. These were challenging times for the young company. compressed and burned with kerosene. this restriction was to remain in place for decades to come. And as things turned out. the new Lufthansa developed in new centers. The airline restructured its entire route network. revolutionized world air transport as never before. During the war years. And passengers were not the only ones to feel the difference. with their higher speeds. especially on the North Atlantic routes. Fares dropped as capacities rose sharply. And finally in 1945 came the over and out for Germany and for Lufthansa. were stamped Secret! Despite all the difficulties. even Tempelhof. But these were troubled and insecure times. Yet Allied regulations in the former capital of the Reich did not allow the young. and then in Frankfurt. timetables were always subject to changes at short notice. diplomats and agents continued to fly: that s were post and information were exchanged. the years of the Cold War.

Prices for crude oil. a greater understanding in using our resources began to shape the collective thinking process. raw material for the kerosene so indispensable to flying. resulting in more time spent flying in holding patterns. more efficient structures. air space had become more crowded. applied their combined expertise to reduce fuel con. two aisles now led along a much wider cabin.Despite several crises: Flying in wide-body dimensions Space. a new era in aviation. First in 1973 and then again in 1979 two oil crises.bulences in the world economy. employee communications. a newly-designed corporate identity. A liberating feeling. From airline to Aviation Group . Breadth. as well as aircraft and engine manufacturers. At the same time. A new awareness. dispelling all notions of confinement and making service and communication much easier on long flights. Global challenge: Competing for customers The world was now on our doorstep.ization of a long-held dream dawned on the horizon: a reunited Germany and Lufthansa s return to its home town to Berlin. striking international civil aviation with consequences that were tough to deal with. which arrived at Lufthansa just in time to kick off the new decade. Instead of just the one down the middle. Everything was new and different aboard the wide-body jets. Lufthansa s engineers. the real. But the joy wasn t to remain unadulterated for very long. This resulted in tur. Room to move. the Jumbos.sumption and were successful in their quest. The aircraft had evolved into a means of mass transport. Lufthansa was increasingly transforming itself into a competitive corporation with modern organizational structures: Its watchwords were now market orientation. thanks to more nonstop connections and ever-denser route networks. responsibility in environmental issues. exploded. And at the end of the decade.

" which was rapidly to become the industry leader. . Placement of orders for 15 Airbus A380 megaliners charts the airline s path into the future. SWISS is integrated as an independent airline in the Lufthansa Group. Lufthansa remains on the ascent: With the Future European Operations programme. a new A380 maintenance hangar and a new terminal area in Frankfurt. fully privatized in 1997. The Lufthansa Aviation Center becomes an architectural flagship. 2005 Lufthansa celebrates the 50th anniversary of the new Lufthansa following its postwar re-entry into the airline community. training its focus on innovation and quality. which now encompasses 21 members. Passengers enjoy greater comfort in a completely revamped Business Class with fast broadband Internet connectivity in the aircraft cabin. the airline reorganises its regional markets. 2006-2008 Lufthansa creates new perspectives for Germany's future as a business location: Lufthansa orders 20 Boeing 747-8s and is the launch customer for the aircraft. 2001 The Lufthansa Aviation Group equips itself for the new millenium. Lufthansa Cargo founds the cargo airline AeroLogic with DHL Express. Preparations for the A380 include route proving with Airbus." entirely restructured Lufthansa. Further partners strengthen the Star Alliance. Lufthansa was fully prepared to take off for the new millennium.Germany's reunification and Lufthansa's return to Berlin: The new decade got off to a most promising start. while gaining new partner airlines to expand the Star Alliance global route network. Lufthansa sought alliances and cooperations. But then came a major crisis in the early 1990s. A "new. a dramatic phase that threatened the airline's very survival. now soared toward success. 2001-2005 Even during times of crisis in the aviation industry. and eventually found its way with other airlines into the "Star Alliance. Its integration consolidates Lufthansa s position among Europe s leading network carriers.

The new airline inherits its crane logo. of 18 different types.Chronicle Moving moments in a company's lifetime: Lufthansa from infancy to the present-day. the blue-and-yellow house colours from Junkers. designed by "Deutsche Luft-Reederei" in 1919. It commences scheduled flights on April 6 with a fleet of 162 aircraft.. 19271930: Following its acquisition of shares in 1926 in the German-Russian "Dereluft" airline. the Brazilian "Syndicato Condor" and the Chinese "Eurasia" airlines. from DAL. which is formed from a merger between "Deutsche Aero Lloyd" (DAL) and "Junkers Luftverkehr" on January 6. Today's passengers check in on the Internet or with a WAP-enabled mobile phone. 1926: Lufthansa owes its origins to "Deutsche Luft Hansa Aktiengesellschaft" (renamed "Lufthansa" in 1933). it also experiments with scheduled air services across the North 1934: . Lufthansa opens the first trans-oceanic. Lufthansa is influential in the founding of the Spanish Iberia. Between 1936 and 1938. The first passengers use a ladder to climb into the Fokker-Grulich FII. scheduled airmail service across the South Atlantic.. A flying expedition to China is the event of the year. which was founded in 1921.

Conversion to jet aircraft continues with the start of flights on mediumhaul routes with the Boeing 727 and. 1953. a Vickers Viscount. Lufthansa enters the jet age. The Federal Transport Minister sets up a working committee in 1951 to prepare for the resumption of air traffic in postwar Germany and entrusts the job of implementation to "Büro Bongers". is retired in 1971. The wide-body era begins at Lufthansa with the delivery of its first Boeing 747 jumbo jet in 1970. later to be joined by the McDonnell-Douglas DC10 and the A300. are suspended. the first of the 19511955: 1960: 19641976: . the traffic chief of the old Lufthansa in Cologne. the city jet largely fathered by Lufthansa. with the arrival in the fleet of the Boeing 707. A new company to run air services and named "Aktiengesellschaft für Luftverkehrsbedarf" (Luftag) is founded in Cologne on January 6. on short-haul. with the Boeing 737.Atlantic. 19391945: After substantial expansion of the route network in 1939²including flights to Bangkok and Santiago de Chile²wartime air services. The company changes its name to the more traditional "Deutsche Lufthansa Aktiengesellschaft" in 1954. Bongers. All flights are discontinued in 1945 and Lufthansa goes into receivership and is finally wound up and struck from the Berlin commercial register in 1965. and resumes scheduled flights on April 1. The last of the propeller-driven aircraft. the office headed by Hans M. 1955. except for a few European countries. initially on long-haul routes.

largely owned by the state. The Lufthansa Aviation Group equips itself for the new millenium. training its focus on innovation and quality. the world's first multilateral airline grouping. while gaining new partner airlines to expand the Star Alliance global route network. Passengers enjoy greater comfort in a completely revamped Business Class with fast broadband Internet connectivity in the aircraft cabin. later to be joined by other carriers.jets from the newly founded European aircraftmaker. Lufthansa. The airline. SAS. is privatised step by step. 1990: Lufthansa resumes flights to Berlin 45 years after the end of World War Two following Germany's reunification. Placement of orders for 15 Airbus A380 megaliners charts the airline¶s path into the future. SWISS is integrated as an independent airline in the Lufthansa Group. cargo and IT businesses are spun off as independent companies. Lufthansa remains on the ascent: With the ³Future European Operations³ programme. Its 19921997: 1997: 19972001: 20022005 2005 . Air Canada. Even during times of crisis in the aviation industry. the airline reorganises its regional markets. Lufthansa masters its worst-ever economic crisis with a sweeping rehabilitation programme. Lufthansa celebrates the 50th anniversary of the new Lufthansa following its postwar re-entry into the airline community. Its MRO. Thai Airways und United Airlines create the "Star Alliance".

integration consolidates Lufthansa¶s position among Europe¶s leading network carriers. The Lufthansa Aviation Center becomes an architectural flagship. 20062008 Lufthansa creates new perspectives for Germany's future as a business location: Lufthansa orders 20 Boeing 747-8s and is the launch customer for the aircraft. a new A380 maintenance hangar and a new terminal area in Frankfurt. Further partners strengthen the Star Alliance. Lufthansa Cargo founds the cargo airline AeroLogic with DHL Express. . which now encompasses 21 members. Preparations for the A380 include route proving with Airbus.