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RF Microelectronics

Dr. Mohamed Abdel- Hamid
Electronics & Communications Engineering Department

Course Description
Basic Concepts in RF Design. RF Passive Components. Transmission lines, and scattering parameters. Active RF Components. RF Power amplifiers.

LNA amplifiers and Mixers.

Prentice Hall. Prentice Hall. Lecture notes . RF Circuit Design Theory and Applications. 1998. H. T. Cambridge University Press. USA. USA.References R. 2000. The Design of CMOS Radio Frequency Integrated Circuits. Razavi. Ludwig. 2000. UK. B. Lee. RF Microelectronics.

Chapter 1 Basic Concepts in RF Design .

Operating in the frequency bands 900MHz and 2.4 GHz.5 GHz frequency range. Operating in the 10 GHz range. WLANs. RF technology has created many other markets. 2. RF Identification system.Applications In addition to familiar wireless products such as pagers and celluar phones.Global Positioning System. 1. 4.4 GHz. RF IDs can be attached to objects or persons. is used to determine one’s location. Wireless Local Area Network. using the frequency bands 900MHz and 2. Operating in the 1. . 3. Home Satellite Network. RF IDs. GPS .

Generic Digital RF Transceiver Transmitter Receiver .

Circuit diagram of 2 GHZ Power amplifier for a cellular phone  The input is fed through Input Matching Network  The separation of the RF signal from the DC is achieved through RF Blocking Network that feature the so called Radio Frequency Coils RFCs .

In free space.Electromagnetic Waves To understand the upper frequency limit. EM waves propagates in the Z-direction and can be written in the form: Where the propagation constant β is given by: Transverse Electromagnetic Mode (TEM) . we shall recall the representation of an electromagnetic wave. beyond which conventional circuit theory can no longer be applied to analyze an electric system.

TEM wave characteristics Intrinsic Impedance (I) Where µ is the material permeability and ε is the is the material permittivity. The phase velocity of TEM wave is given by: Problem: (II) .

(I) (II) (III) (III) .

IEEE Frequency spectrum .

Nonlinearity and Time Variance .Basic concepts in RF Circuits I.

Effects of Nonlinearity Many RF circuits can approximated with a linear model to obtain their response. Harmonics If. Nonlinearities often lead to interesting and important phenomena. 1. We will consider the following system. (*) .

Gain Compression (*) .2.

3. Desensitization and Blocking .


4. Intermodulation .




II.Noise 1. Thermal Noise .

2. Shot Noise .

Flicker Noise .3.

Input-Referred Noise Example: Calculate and .4.

Solution : Assume only one dominant source of thermal noise 5. Noise Figure .

Example1: .

Example2: .