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TESTE DE TOLERÂNCIA ORAL À LACTOSE

Informação

é uma solução de lactose económica, pronta a usar, desenvolvida pela Esteriplás. Esta solução destina-se a ser utilizada no teste de tolerância à lactose para diagnosticar a intolerância à lactose e / ou má absorção de lactose. Cada frasco de 200ml de contém 50g de lactose, a dose recomendada para adultos no teste de tolerância à lactose. é apresentada numa embalagem plástica, prática e leve, e assemelha-se a um refrigerante com sabor e aroma a framboesa. É muito fácil de tomar, sendo ainda mais agradável se tomada bem fria. é excelente para administrar com exactidão a dose de lactose requerida.

Vantagens e benefícios da Solução Técnicos de Saúde
• • • • • • •

para os Laboratórios e os

Embalagem pronta a usar: poupa tempo ao técnico e pode ser usado de imediato em qualquer momento. Concentração standardizada de lactose Fácil de tomar Agradável sabor a framboesa Data de validade prolongada Armazenamento a temperature ambiente Frasco em plástico

Armazenamento Pode ser armazenada por 18 meses à temperatura ambiente enquanto a embalagem se mantiver fechada. Dosagem No teste de tolerância à lactose, a dose habitual para um adulto é um frasco de solução (200 ml/50 g de lactose). A dose para crianças é de 6.6 ml (1.0 g lactose) ou 13.3 ml (2.0 g lactose) por kg de peso corporal. A dose total na criança não deve exceder as 50 g. Ingredientes Água purificada, lactose, regulador de acidez E330, conservante E211, aroma de framboea e corante E122.
Fabricado por:

Um produto

Esteriplas, Lda Z. Ind. Roligo 4524-904 S. M. Feira Portugal

Secondary lactose intolerance gradually disappears when the illness passes. The liver then changes the galactose into glucose. secondary. but may experience symptoms of intestinal upset if they consume too much.Lactose Intolerance Lactose intolerance is the inability to digest significant amounts of lactose. Jewish. is temporary and results from a disease or medications that damage the lining of the small intestine where lactase is normally active. on the other hand. and diarrhea. the primary sugar in milk. Prevalence As many as 75 percent of all adults worldwide are lactose intolerant. or lactose in certain foods. In primary lactose intolerance. Common symptoms of lactose intolerance include nausea . and congenital . and Mexican-American adults. Secondary lactose intolerance. The majority of lactose-intolerant people can consume small amounts of lactose. the body begins to produce less lactase after about the age of two. the glucose enters the bloodstream and raises the blood glucose level. Certain racial or ethnic groups are more widely affected than others. meaning they are deficient in the enzyme lactase. and between 30 million and 50 million Americans are lactose intolerant. As many as 75 percent of all African-American. which is normally produced by the cells that line the small intestine. Native American. Types of Lactose Intolerance There are three basic types of lactose intolerance: primary. Structure and Functions of Lactose Lactose is a disaccharide carbohydrate . glucose and galactose. Lactase breaks down lactose into simpler forms that can then be absorbed into the bloodstream during the digestive process. and 90 percent of Asian-American adults are lactose intolerant. When lactose reaches the digestive system. The condition is least common among persons of northern European descent. composed of the two monosaccharides. . This type is genetically determined and is a permanent condition. cramps. bloating. gas. the lactase enzyme breaks down lactose into glucose and galactose. This inability results from a shortage of the enzyme lactase. If this process occurs normally. depending on an individual's racial or ethnic background.

Unlike other types of lactose intolerance. turnip or collard . are produced. people with lactose intolerance who do not drink milk or eat diary products can still get the calcium they need from dark-green. the hydrogen breath test. which is very high in calcium. The hydrogen breath test measures the amount of hydrogen in the breath. Studies have shown that many true lactose intolerants can consume moderate amounts of milk and dairy products without symptoms. In addition. no hydrogen is detectable in the breath. Lactoseintolerant individuals should also be able to tolerate cheese. The individual must fast before this test. and various gases. As with the previous test. and the stool acidity test. then the blood glucose level will not rise. along with the whey. The hydrogen is absorbed from the intestines .Congenital lactose intolerance is an extremely rare condition in which the lactase enzyme is completely absent at birth. The lactose tolerance test involves an individual drinking a liquid that contains lactose. Many people with lactose intolerance may be able to tolerate yogurt with active cultures. leafy vegetables such as broccoli. and exhaled. in which several blood samples are taken over a two-hour period to measure the blood glucose level. when the cheese is made. Undigested lactose fermented by bacteria in the colon creates lactic acid and other short-chain fatty acids that can be detected in a stool sample. carried through the bloodstream to the lungs. particularly if milk is part of a meal. The stool acidity test measures the amount of acid in a person's stool. Normally. and the individual then breathes into a machine that measures the amount of hydrogen in the breath. this type requires complete avoidance of lactose. Milk and other dairy products are a major source of calcium . Nutrition for People with Lactose Intolerance There are degrees of intolerance for lactose. glucose may be present in the sample as a result of unabsorbed lactose in the colon. undigested lactose in the colon is fermented by bacteria . Evidence shows that the bacterial cultures used in making yogurt produce some of the lactase enzyme required for proper digestion. However. as most of the lactose is removed. confirming a diagnosis of lactose intolerance. a lactose-loaded beverage is consumed. However. even though it is fairly high in lactose. Clinical Diagnosis The most common tests used to measure the absorption of lactose in the digestive system are the lactose tolerance test. including hydrogen. If lactose is incompletely absorbed. which indicates how well the body is able to digest lactose.

all of which contain lactose.greens. edible bones. Certain fish with soft. color. are also good calcium sources. This is because dairy products can contribute to the required or desired flavor.niddk. looking not only for milk and lactose among the contents. It is important to carefully read food labels. salmon. www. but also for such terms as whey. "Lactose Intolerance. and therefore contain lactose. such as herring." NIH Publication No. curds. or sardines. and nonfat dry milk powder. and texture of many foods. Gita C.gov . in addition to increasing the nutritional value of processed foods." such as powdered coffee creamer and whipped toppings. Gidwani Bibliography National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse (2002). 02-2751. and salad dressing.nih. such as bread. Some products that are labeled "nondairy. may include ingredients that are derived from milk. lactose is often added to processed foods . milk by-products. dry milk solids. Although milk and foods made from milk are the only natural sources. cereal. and kale.

rectal gas (flatus). During childhood. it is broken down by enzymes in the intestinal tract so it can be absorbed as an energy source.A test dose of lactose is ingested and blood sugar determinations are made over several hours. When the intestine does not contain lactase. Hispanic persons. abdominal cramps and rumbling. Some ethnic groups are more likely to develop lactose intolerance by adolescence including 75% of African-Americans. Native Americans. Hydrogen Breath Test .When lactose is broken down by the colon's bacteria. Lactic acid and other acidic chemicals result. Stool Acidity Test . then the blood sugar level rises. the resulting acidity can be detected by a simple measurement of stool acidity. it is broken apart by bacteria. and 90% of Asians. To make a definitive diagnosis. bloating. Sometimes that is enough to determine the problem. Lactose is a milk sugar and like most sugars. which then passes out through the lungs. It is these byproducts that create the symptoms of lactose intolerance to include nausea. remains in the intestinal tract. What Are The Symptoms? When undigested lactose reaches the colon (large intestine). lactose intolerance can occur. The enzyme that breaks down lactose is called lactase.When lactose breaks down to lactic and other acids in the colon. one of several tests may be needed: Lactose Tolerance Test . The severity of symptoms usually depends on the amount of lactose ingested and how much of the enzyme. and diarrhea. but not a serious one. If lactase is present to break down the lactose load. Symptoms usually occur 30 minutes to two hours after ingesting lactose-containing foods. The Diagnosis The physician reviews the patient's medical history. It is a troublesome and annoying problem. The condition is very common. and other dairy products. Jews. lactase. Who Has Lactose Intolerance? As commonly expected. Treatment . the blood sugar level does not change. If no lactase is present. infants and small children have the enzyme lactase so they can digest mothers' milk. lactase can begin to disappear in many people.Lactose Intolerance Lactose intolerance develops when the body has difficulty digesting whole and skim milk. The amount of hydrogen released after a lactose meal can indicate a problem. hydrogen is released.

Lactase drops or tablets are also available and can be placed in milk. Most people need 1000 mg of calcium a day. Grocery items such as bread. and candy can contain hidden lactose. margarine. For those who are very sensitive to small amounts of lactose. such as calcium carbonate. instant potatoes. The second option is buying milk to which lactase. salad dressings. There are over-thecounter lactase tablets that can be taken with meals to replace the enzyme the body no longer has. For the lactose-intolerant individual. Even prescription and over-the-counter drugs may contain lactose. The decision to take calcium supplements should be discussed with the physician. pancakes. ingesting enough calcium may be difficult. First. has been added. all foods should be carefully checked for lactose. are often recommended. cookies. . The following list from the National Institutes of Health provides some information on the calcium and lactose contents of food. biscuits. Calcium and Lactose Milk is a major source of calcium and calcium is necessary for good health and strong bones. The patient must become a label reader looking for and avoiding "milk" and "lactose". cereals. then avoiding large amounts of milk and milk products may be enough. soups. A pharmacist or food store manager can provide advice. there are two options. except for pregnant and nursing females (1200 mg per day) and post-menopausal females (1500 mg per day). If the symptoms are mild. baked goods.Therapy depends on whether a patient is willing to tolerate the symptoms. lunchmeat. the enzyme. a variety of lactose-free products are now available in the specialty section of food stores. Finally. Calcium supplements.