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SUMMARY OF STRUCTURAL CALCULATION OF 2-BARREL BOX CULVERT

(Batang Angkola Main Canal from BBA0 - BBAII)

1 Design Dimensions and Bar Arrangements

Class III Road (BM50)

Type of box culvert

2-B1.8xH2.0

Clear width of 1-barrel


Clear height
Height of fillet

m
m
m

1.75
2.00
0.15

Thickness

cm
cm
cm
cm

25.0
25.0
25.0
25.0

Side wall
Partition wall
Top slab
Bottom slab

Cover of reinforcement bar


Side wall
Partition wall
Top slab
Bottom slab

(between concrete surface and center of reinforcement bar)


Outside
cm
5.0
Inside
cm
5.0
Both sides
cm
5.0
Upper
cm
5.0
Lower
cm
5.0
Lower
cm
5.0
Upper
cm
5.0

Bar arrangement

(dia - spacing per unit length of 1.0 m)

Side wall

Tensile bar
Distribution bar
Tensile bar
Distribution bar
Tensile bar
Distribution bar

mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

12@250
12@250
12@125
12@250
12@250
12@250

Lower outside
Middle inside
Upper outside

Partition
wall

Both sides

Tensile bar
Distribution bar

mm
mm

12@250
12@250

Top slab

Upper edge

Tensile bar
Distribution bar
Tensile bar
Distribution bar
Tensile bar
Distribution bar

mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

12@250
12@250
12@125
12@250
12@250
12@250

Tensile bar
Distribution bar
Tensile bar
Distribution bar
Tensile bar
Distribution bar

mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

12@250
12@250
12@125
12@250
12@250
12@250

Fillet bar
Fillet bar
Fillet bar
Fillet bar

mm
mm
mm
mm

Err:504
Err:504
Err:504
Err:504

Upper center
Lower middle

Bottom slab

Lower edge
Lower center
Upper middle

Fillet

Upper edge
Upper center
Lower edge
Lower center

2 Design Parameters
Unit Weight

Backfill soil

Live Load

c=
s=

2.4 tf/m3

(wet)
(submerged)

s'=

1.0 tf/m3

P=
Ci=

Class III (BM50)


5.0 tf
0.3 (D<4.0m)
0.0 (D>4.0m)

Reinforced Concrete

Class of road
Truck load at rear wheel
Impact coefficient
(for Class I to IV road)
Pedestrian load

1.8 tf/m3

0 tf/m2

(for Class V roads)

Concrete

Design Strength ck

ck=

(K175)

Allowable Compressive Stress ca

ca=

60 kgf/cm2

Allowable Shearing Stress m

m=

5.5 kgf/cm2

175 kgf/cm2

Reinforcement Bar

Allowable Tensile Stress sa

sa=

1,400 kgf/cm2

(U24, deformed bar)

Yielding Point of Reinforcement Bar

sy=

3,000 kgf/cm2

Young's Modulus Ratio

n=

1 / 117

24

81054792.xls/Summary

Coefficient of static earth pressure

Ka=

2 / 117

0.33

81054792.xls/Summary

3 / 117

81054792.xls/Summary

4 / 117

81054792.xls/Summary

STRUCTURAL CALCULATION OF BOX CULVERT

Type: B1.75m x H2.00m x 2


Soil Cover Depth:
0.6 m

1 Dimensions and Parameters


Basic Parameters
Ka:
Coefficient of static earth pressure
w:
Unit weight of water (t/m3)
d:
Unit weight of soil (dry) (t/m3)
s:
Unit weight of soil (saturated) (t/m3)
c:
Unit weight of reinforced concrete (t/m3)
ck:
Concrete Design Strength
ca
Allowable Stress of Concrete
sa:
Allowable Stress of Reinforcement Bar
ma:
Allowable Stress of Shearing (Concrete)
sy:
Yielding Point of Reinforcement Bar
n:
Young's Modulus Ratio
Fa:
Safety factor against uplift

0.33
1.00 t/m3
1.80 t/m3
2.00 t/m3
2.40 t/m3
175 kgf/cm2
60 kgf/cm2
1400 kgf/cm2
5.5 kgf/cm2
3000 kgf/cm2
24
1.2

Basic Dimensions
H:
Internal Height of Box Culvert
B:
Internal Width of Each Box Culvert
Hf:
Fillet Height
t1:
Thickness of Side Wall
t2:
Thickness of Top Slab
t3:
Thickness of Invert (Bottom Slab)
t4:
Thickness of Partition wall
BT:
Gross Width of Box Culvert
HT:
Gross Height of Box Culvert
D:
Covering Depth
Gwd:
Underground Water Depth
for Case 1, 2
hiw:
Internal Water Depth
for Case 1, 2
for Case 3, 4

2.00
1.75
0.15
0.25
0.25
0.25
0.25
4.25
2.50
0.60
0.00
0.00
1.75

m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m

Basic Conditions
Classification of Live load by truck
PTM:
Truck load of Middle Tire
Impact coefficient (D4.0m:0, D<4.0m:0.3)
Ii:
am:
Ground contact length of Middle Tire
bm:
Ground contact width of Middle Tire
PTR:
Truck load of Rear Tire
ar:
Ground contact length of Rear Tire
br:
Ground contact width of Rear Tire
PTF:
Truck load of Front wheel
af:
Ground contact length of Front Tire
bf:
Ground contact width of Front Tire
qp:
Pedestrian load

(> 0.25m)
(> 0.25m)
(> 0.25m)
(> 0.25m)

(> 0.5m)
(= D)

Gwd
D

t2

Hf

HT

Cover depth of R-bar


Top Slab d2
Bottom Slab d3
Side Wall d1
Prtition Wall d4

Hf
t3
t1

t4

t1

t1

BT

Dimensions of frame
BT
t1

t4

D1

t2

H0

t3
B0

B0
BT0
5/ 117

(1)81054792.xls, Load

H0:
BT0:
D1:
B0:

Height of frame
Width of whole frame
Cavering depth at middle of top slab
Width of each conduit

t2/2 + H + t3/2
2B + t1 + t4
D + t2/2
B+t1/2+t4/2

6/ 117

2.250 m
4.000 m
0.725 m
2.000 m

(1)81054792.xls, Load

Load distribution load by truck tire


(1) Middle tire's acting point: center of the top slab
a) distributed load of middle tire
Pvtm:
distributed load of middle tire
am':
length of distirbuted load
bm':
width of distributed load
b) distributed load of rear tire
Pvtr:
distributed load of rear tire
ar':
length of distirbuted load
br':
width of distributed load
c) distributed load of front tire
Pvtf:
distributed load of front tire
af':
length of distirbuted load
bf':
width of distributed load
(2) Middle tire's acting point: on the side wall
a) distributed load of middle tire
Pvtm:
distributed load of middle tire
am':
length of distirbuted load
bm':
width of distributed load
b) distributed load of rear tire
Pvtr:
distributed load of rear tire
ar':
length of distirbuted load
br':
width of distributed load
c) distributed load of front tire
Pvtf:
distributed load of front tire
af':
length of distirbuted load
bf':
width of distributed load
(3) Rear tire's acting point: on the side wall
a) distributed load of rear tire
Pvtr:
distributed load of rear tire
ar':
length of distirbuted load
br':
width of distributed load
b) distributed load of middle tire
Pvtm:
distributed load of middle tire
am':
length of distirbuted load
bm':
width of distributed load
c) distributed load of front tire
Pvtf:
distributed load of front tire
af':
length of distirbuted load
bf':
width of distributed load

2PTM(1+Ii)(2BT0-bm')/(am'BT0^2) =
2D+1.75+bm =
2D+am =

1.7012
3.200
1.300

not reach to top slab


2D+1.75+br =
2D+ar =

0.0000
3.200
1.300

not reach to top slab


2D+1.75+bf =
2D+af =

0.0000
3.200
1.300

2PTM(1+Ii)/(am'bm') =
2D+1.75+bm =
2D+am =

3.1250
3.200
1.300

not reach to top slab


2D+1.75+br =
2D+ar =

0.0000
3.200
1.300

2PTF(1+Ii)/(af'bf')
2D+1.75+bf =
2D+af =

0.7813
3.200
1.300

2PTR(1+Ii)/(ar'br') =
2D+1.75+br =
2D+ar =

3.1250
3.200
1.300

not reach to top slab


2D+1.75+bm =
2D+am =

0.0000
3.200
1.300

not reach to top slab


2D+1.75+bf =
2D+af =

0.0000
3.200
1.300

(4) Combination of load distribution of track tire


Case.L1:
Case.L2:

Pvt1 =
Pvt2 =
Pvt1 =
Pvt2 =

1.7012 tf/m2,
0.0000 tf/m2,
3.9063 tf/m2,
0.0000 tf/m2,

B=
B=
B=
B=

4.000 m
0.000 m
4.000 m
0.000 m

Combination for Case.L2


Distributed load total
Select the combination case of
for Case.L2, which is the largest load to the top slab.

In case of covering depth (D) is over 3.0m, uniform load of 1.0 tf/m2 is applied on the top slab of culvert insetead of live load calculated above.

Distribution load by pedestrian load


Pvt1 =

0.000 tf/m2

2 Stability Analysis Against Uplift


Analysis is made considering empty inside of box culvert.
Fs=Vd/U > Fa
where, Vd:
Total dead weight (t/m)
U:
Total uplift (t.m)
U=BT*HT*w
Ws:
Wc:
Fa:

Weight of covering soil


Self weight of box culvert
Safety factor against uplift

Fs=
Vd=

1.0792 < 1.2


11.47 tf/m

U=

10.625 tf/m

Ws =
Wc =
Fa=

7/ 117

check

BT*{(D-Gwd)*(sw)+Gwd*d}
(HT*BT-2*H*B+4*Hf^2)*c
1.2

=
=

2.550
8.916

(1)81054792.xls, Load

3 Load calculation
Case 1: Box Culvert Inside is Empty, Underground Water up to Top slab, Track load Case. L1
1) vertical load against top slab
Acting Load
Wtop= (t2*BT+2*Hf^2)*c/BT0
Pvd=Gwd*gd+(D-Gwd)*gs
Pvt1
Pvt2

2) horizontral load at top of side wall


Acting Load
P1=Ka*we1
P2=Ka*we2
P3=Ka*gd*Gwd
P4=Ka*gs*(D1-Gwd)
P5=gw*(D1-Gwd)

3) horizontral load at bottom of side wall


Acting Load
P1=Ka*we1
P2=Ka*we2
P3=Ka*d*Gwd
P4=Ka*s*(D1+H0-Gwd)
P5=w*(D1+H0-Gwd)

4) self weight of side wall and partition wall


Acting Load
Wsw=t1*H*c
Wpw=t4*H*c

5) ground reaction
Acting Load
Wbot=(t3*BT+2*Hf^2)*c/BT0
Wtop
Ws=(Wsw*2+Wpw)/BT0
Pvd
Pvt1
Pvt2
Wiw=2*(hiw*B-2Hf^2)*w/BT0
Up=-U/BT0

summary of resistance moment


Item
Self weight

load on top slab

soil pressure

top slab
side wall (left)
side wall (right)
partition wall
invert
Pvd
Pvt1
Pvt2
side wall (left)
side wall (right)

internal water
uplift
total
6) load against invert
Acting Load
Pvd
Pvt1
Pvt2
Wtop
Ws
Pq=

Wtop=
Pvd=
Pvt1=
Pvt2=
Pv1=

(tf/m2)
0.6645
1.2000
1.7012
0.0000
3.5657

P1=
P2=
P3=
P4=
P5=
Ph1=

(tf/m2)
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.4833
0.7250
1.2083

P1=
P2=
P3=
P4=
P5=
Ph2=

(tf/m2)
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
1.9831
2.9750
4.9581

Wsw=
Wpw=

(tf/m)
1.2000
1.2000

Wbot=
Wtop=
Ws=
Pvd=
Pvt1=
Pvt2=
Wiw=
U=
Q=

(tf/m2)
0.6645
0.6645
0.9000
1.2000
1.7012
0.0000
0.0000
-2.6563
2.4739

V
(tf/m)
2.6580
1.2000
1.2000
1.2000
2.6580
4.8000
6.8047
0.0000
0.0000
-10.6250
9.8957

H
(tf/m)
6.9372
-6.9372
-

Horizontal pressure by track tire


we1=
0.0000 tf/m2
we2=
0.0000 tf/m2

hiw: internal water depth

x
(m)
2.0000
0.0000
4.0000
2.0000
2.0000
2.0000
2.0000
2.0000
2.0000
2.0000

y
(m)
0.8970
0.8970
-

M
(tf.m/m)
5.3160
0.0000
4.8000
2.4000
5.3160
9.6000
13.6094
0.0000
6.2224
-6.2224
0.0000
-21.2500
19.7914

acting point of resultant force


X = M/V =
e = BT0/2 - X =

ground reaction
q1 = V/BT0 + 6
q2 = V/BT0 - 6

(tf/m2)
1.2000
1.7012
0.0000
0.6645
0.9000
4.4657

8/ 117

(1)81054792.xls, Load

9/ 117

(1)81054792.xls, Load

Case 2: Box Culvert Inside is Empty, Underground Water up to Top slab, Track load Case. L2
1) vertical load against top slab
Acting Load
Wtop= (t2*BT+2*Hf^2)*c/BT0
Pvd=Gwd*gd+(D-Gwd)*gs
Pvt1
Pvt2

2) horizontral load at top of side wall


Acting Load
P1=Ka*we1
P2=Ka*we2
P3=Ka*gd*Gwd
P4=Ka*gs*(D1-Gwd)
P5=gw*(D1-Gwd)

3) horizontral load at bottom of side wall


Acting Load
P1=Ka*we1
P2=Ka*we2
P3=Ka*d*Gwd
P4=Ka*s*(D1+H0-Gwd)
P5=w*(D1+H0-Gwd)

4) self weight of side wall and partition wall


Acting Load
Wsw=t1*H*c
Wpw=t4*H*c

5) ground reaction
Acting Load
Wbot=(t3*BT+2*Hf^2)*c/BT0
Wtop
Ws=(Wsw*2+Wpw)/BT0
Pvd
Pvt1
Pvt2
Wiw=2*(hiw*B-2Hf^2)*w/BT0
Up=-U/B0

summary of resistance moment


Item
Self weight

load on top slab

soil pressure

top slab
side wall (left)
side wall (right)
partition wall
invert
Pvd
Pvt1
Pvt2
side wall (left)
side wall (right)

internal water
uplift
total
6) load against invert
Acting Load
Pvd
Pvt1
Pvt2
Wtop
Ws
Pq=

Wtop=
Pvd=
Pvt1=
Pvt2=
Pv1=

(tf/m2)
0.6645
1.2000
3.9063
0.0000
5.7708

P1=
P2=
P3=
P4=
P5=
Ph1=

(tf/m2)
1.0416
0.2604
0.0000
0.4833
0.7250
2.5102

P1=
P2=
P3=
P4=
P5=
Ph2=

(tf/m2)
1.0416
0.2604
0.0000
1.9831
2.9750
6.2601

Wsw=
Wpw=

(tf/m)
1.2000
1.2000

Wbot=
Wtop=
Ws=
Pvd=
Pvt1=
Pvt2=
Wiw=
U=
Q=

(tf/m2)
0.6645
0.6645
0.9000
1.2000
3.9063
0.0000
0.0000
-2.6563
4.6790

V
(tf/m)
2.6580
1.2000
1.2000
1.2000
2.6580
4.8000
15.6250
0.0000
0.0000
-10.6250
18.7160

H
(tf/m)
9.8666
-9.8666
-

Horizontal pressure by track tire


we1=
3.1250 tf/m2
we2=
0.7813 tf/m2

hiw: internal water depth

x
(m)
2.0000
0.0000
4.0000
2.0000
2.0000
2.0000
2.0000
2.0000
2.0000
2.0000

y
(m)
0.9647
0.9647
-

M
(tf.m/m)
5.3160
0.0000
4.8000
2.4000
5.3160
9.6000
31.2500
0.0000
9.5180
-9.5180
0.0000
-21.2500
37.4320

acting point of resultant force


X = M/V =
e = BT0/2 - X =

ground reaction
q1 = V/BT0 + 6
q2 = V/BT0 - 6

(tf/m2)
1.2000
3.9063
0.0000
0.6645
0.9000
6.6708

10/ 117

(1)81054792.xls, Load

Case 3: Box Culvert Inside is Full, Underground Water up to invert, Track load Case. L1
1) vertical load against top slab
Acting Load
Wtop= (t2*BT+2*Hf^2)*c/BT0
Pvd=D*d
Pvt1
Pvt2

2) horizontral load at top of side wall


Acting Load
P1=Ka*we1
P2=Ka*we2
P3=Ka*d*D1
WP=-w*0

3) horizontral load at bottom of side wall


Acting Load
P1=Ka*we1
P2=Ka*we2
P3=Ka*d*(D1+H0)
WP=-w*H

4) self weight of side wall


Acting Load
Wsw=t1*H*c
Wpw=t4*H*c

5) ground reaction
Acting Load
Wbot=(t3*BT+2*Hf^2)*c/BT0
Wtop
Ws=(Wsw*2+Wpw)/BT0
Pvd
Pvt1
Pvt2
Wiw=2*(hiw*B-2Hf^2)*w/BT0
Up=0

summary of resistance moment


Item
Self weight

load on top slab

soil pressure

top slab
side wall (left)
side wall (right)
partition wall
invert
Pvd
Pvt1
Pvt2
side wall (left)
side wall (right)

internal water
uplift
total
6) load against invert
Acting Load
Pvd
Pvt1
Pvt2
Wtop
Ws
Pq=

Wtop=
Pvd=
Pvt1=
Pvt2=
Pv1=

(tf/m2)
0.6645
1.0800
1.7012
0.0000
3.4457

P1=
P2=
P3=
P4=
Ph1=

(tf/m2)
0.0000
0.0000
0.4350
0.0000
0.4350

P1=
P2=
P3=
P4=
Ph2=

(tf/m2)
0.0000
0.0000
1.7848
-2.0000
-0.2152

Wsw=
Wpw=

(tf/m)
1.2000
1.2000

Wbot=
Wtop=
Ws=
Pvd=
Pvt1=
Pvt2=
Wiw=
U=
Q=

(tf/m2)
0.6645
0.6645
0.9000
1.0800
1.7012
0.0000
1.5200
0.0000
6.5302

V
(tf/m)
2.6580
1.2000
1.2000
1.2000
2.6580
4.3200
6.8047
0.0000
6.0800
0.0000
26.1207

H
(tf/m)
0.2473
-0.2473
-

Horizontal pressure by track tire


we1=
0.0000 tf/m2
we2=
0.0000 tf/m2

hiw: internal water depth

x
(m)
2.0000
0.0000
4.0000
2.0000
2.0000
2.0000
2.0000
2.0000
2.0000
2.0000

y
(m)
2.2343
2.2343
-

M
(tf.m/m)
5.3160
0.0000
4.8000
2.4000
5.3160
8.6400
13.6094
0.0000
0.5524
-0.5524
12.1600
0.0000
52.2414

acting point of resultant force


X = M/V =
e = BT0/2 - X =

ground reaction
q1 = V/BT0 + 6
q2 = V/BT0 - 6

(tf/m2)
1.0800
1.7012
0.0000
0.6645
0.9000
4.3457

11/ 117

(1)81054792.xls, Load

Case 4: Box Culvert Inside is Full, Underground Water up to invert, Track load Case. L2
1) vertical load against top slab
Acting Load
Wtop= (t2*BT+2*Hf^2)*c/BT0
Pvd=D*d
Pvt1
Pvt2

2) horizontral load at top of side wall


Acting Load
P1=Ka*we1
P2=Ka*we2
P3=Ka*d*D1
WP=-w*0

3) horizontral load at bottom of side wall


Acting Load
P1=Ka*we1
P2=Ka*we2
P3=Ka*d*(D1+H0)
WP=-w*H

4) self weight of side wall


Acting Load
Wsw=t1*H*c
Wpw=t4*H*c

5) ground reaction
Acting Load
Wbot=(t3*BT+2*Hf^2)*c/BT0
Wtop
Ws=(Wsw*2+Wpw)/BT0
Pvd
Pvt1
Pvt2
Wiw=(hiw*B-2Hf^2)*w/BT0
Up=0

summary of resistance moment


Item
Self weight

load on top slab

soil pressure

top slab
side wall (left)
side wall (right)
partition wall
invert
Pvd
Pvt1
Pvt2
side wall (left)
side wall (right)

internal water
uplift
total
6) load against invert
Acting Load
Pvd
Pvt1
Pvt2
Wtop
Ws
Pq=

Wtop=
Pvd=
Pvt1=
Pvt2=
Pv1=

(tf/m2)
0.6645
1.0800
3.9063
0.0000
5.6508

P1=
P2=
P3=
P4=
Ph1=

(tf/m2)
1.0416
0.2604
0.4350
0.0000
1.7369

P1=
P2=
P3=
P4=
Ph2=

(tf/m2)
1.0416
0.2604
1.7848
-2.0000
1.0868

Wsw=
Wpw=

(tf/m)
1.2000
1.2000

Wbot=
Wtop=
Ws=
Pvd=
Pvt1=
Pvt2=
Wiw=
U=
Q=

(tf/m2)
0.6645
0.6645
0.9000
1.0800
3.9063
0.0000
1.5200
0.0000
8.7353

V
(tf/m)
2.6580
1.2000
1.2000
1.2000
2.6580
4.3200
15.6250
0.0000
6.0800
0.0000
34.9410

H
(tf/m)
3.1766
-3.1766
-

Horizontal pressure by track tire


we1=
3.1250 tf/m2
we2=
0.7813 tf/m2

hiw: internal water depth

x
(m)
2.0000
0.0000
4.0000
2.0000
2.0000
2.0000
2.0000
2.0000
2.0000
2.0000

y
(m)
1.2113
1.2113
-

M
(tf.m/m)
5.3160
0.0000
4.8000
2.4000
5.3160
8.6400
31.2500
0.0000
3.8480
-3.8480
12.1600
0.0000
69.8820

acting point of resultant force


X = M/V =
e = BT0/2 - X =

ground reaction
q1 = V/BT0 + 6
q2 = V/BT0 - 6

(tf/m2)
1.0800
3.9063
0.0000
0.6645
0.9000
6.5508

Summary of Load Calculation


12/ 117

(1)81054792.xls, Load

Item
Case
Case.1
Case.2
Case.3
Case.4

Pv1
(tf/m2)
3.5657
5.7708
3.4457
5.6508

Ph1
(tf/m2)
1.2083
2.5102
0.4350
1.7369

Ph2
(tf/m2)
4.9581
6.2601
-0.2152
1.0868

13/ 117

Pq
(tf/m2)
4.4657
6.6708
4.3457
6.5508

Wsw
(tf/m)
1.2000
1.2000
1.2000
1.2000

Wpw
(tf/m)
1.2000
1.2000
1.2000
1.2000

q1
(tf/m2)
2.4739
4.6790
6.5302
8.7353

(1)81054792.xls, Load

Class III Road

Class

3
5.00 t
0.3
0.10 m
0.25 m
5.00 t
0.10 m
0.25 m
1.25 t
0.10 m
0.25 m
0.00 t/m2

Impact coefficient (D4.0m:0, D<4.0m:0.3)


Ground contact length of Middle Tire
Ground contact width of Middle Tire

Ground contact length of Front Tire

Cover depth of R-bar


Top Slab d2
Bottom Slab d3
Side Wall d1
Prtition Wall d4

0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05

m
m
m
m

14/ 117

(1)81054792.xls, Load

15/ 117

(1)81054792.xls, Load

tf/m2,
m
m

B=

4.000 m

tf/m2,
m
m

B=

0.000 m

tf/m2,
m
m

B=

0.000 m

tf/m2,
m
m

B=

4.000 m

tf/m2,
m
m

B=

0.000 m

tf/m2,
m
m

B=

4.000 m

tf/m2,
m
m

B=

4.000 m

tf/m2,
m
m

B=

0.000 m

tf/m2,
m
m

B=

0.000 m

(2)
a) + b)
3.1250

(2)
(3)
a) + c)
a) + b)
3.9063
3.1250
3.9063 tf/m2,
for Case.L2, which is the largest load to the top slab.

(3)
a) + c)
3.1250

tf/m
tf/m

16/ 117

(1)81054792.xls, Load

hiw: internal water depth

0.00 m

acting point of resultant force


X = M/V =
2.000 m
e = BT0/2 - X =
0.000 m

ground reaction
q1 = V/BT0 + 6Ve/BT0^2 =
q2 = V/BT0 - 6Ve/BT0^2 =

2.4739 tf/m2
2.4739 tf/m2

17/ 117

(1)81054792.xls, Load

18/ 117

(1)81054792.xls, Load

hiw: internal water depth

0.00 m

acting point of resultant force


X = M/V =
2.0000 m
e = BT0/2 - X =
0.0000 m

ground reaction
q1 = V/BT0 + 6Ve/BT0^2 =
q2 = V/BT0 - 6Ve/BT0^2 =

4.6790 tf/m2
4.6790 tf/m2

19/ 117

(1)81054792.xls, Load

hiw: internal water depth

1.75 m

acting point of resultant force


X = M/V =
2.0000 m
e = BT0/2 - X =
0.0000 m

ground reaction
q1 = V/BT0 + 6Ve/BT0^2 =
q2 = V/BT0 - 6Ve/BT0^2 =

6.5302 tf/m2
6.5302 tf/m2

20/ 117

(1)81054792.xls, Load

hiw: internal water depth

1.75 m

acting point of resultant force


X = M/V =
2.0000 m
e = BT0/2 - X =
0.0000 m

ground reaction
q1 = V/BT0 + 6Ve/BT0^2 =
q2 = V/BT0 - 6Ve/BT0^2 =

8.7353 tf/m2
8.7353 tf/m2

21/ 117

(1)81054792.xls, Load

22/ 117

(1)81054792.xls, Load

### Analysis of Plane Frame


Case 1: Box Culvert Inside is Empty, Underground Water up to Top slab, Track load Case. L1
1) Calculation of Load Term
Ph1
Horizontal Pressure at top of side wall

1.208 tf/m2

Ph2

Horizontal Pressure at bottom of side wall

4.958 tf/m2

Ph3

Horizontal Pressure at top of side wall

1.208 tf/m2

Ph4

Horizontal Pressure at bottom of side wall

4.958 tf/m2

Pv1

Vertical Pressure(1) on top slab

3.566 tf/m2

Q1
H0
B0
t1
t2
t3
t4
c
L1

Reaction to bottom slab


Height of plane frame
Width of plane frame
Thickness of side wall
Thickness of top slab
Thickness of bottom slab
Thickness of partition wall
Unit weight of reinforcement concrete
Height of side wall

4.466 tf/m2
2.250 m
2.000 m
0.250 m
0.250 m
0.250 m
0.250 m
2.400 tf/m3
2.000 m

CAB = CFE = (2Ph3+3Ph4)H02/60

1.45893 tfm

CBA = CEF = (3Ph3+2Ph4)H0 /60

1.14253 tfm

CBC = CCB = CCE = CEC = Pv1B02/12

1.18856 tfm

CDA = CAD = CFD = CDF = Q1B /12

1.48856 tfm

2
0

Pv1=3.57 tf/m2

B
H0=2.25m

t2=0.25m
t1=0.25m

t2=0.25m

t4=0.25m

t3=0.25m

Ph1=1.21 tf/m2

Ph3=1.21 tf/m2

t1=0.25m

t3=0.25m

Ph2=4.96 tf/m2

Ph4=4.96 tf/m2
Q1=4.47 tf/m2

B0 =2.00m

B0 =2.00m

2) Calculation of Bending Moment at joint


k1
k2 = H0t23/(B0t13)

1.0

1.12500

k3 = H0t /(B0t1 )

1.12500

k4 = H0t /(H0t1 )

1.00000

3
3
3
4

As load has bilateral symmetry, the equation shown below is formed.


A = -F

B = -E

C = D = 0

2(k1+k3)

k1

-3k3

k1

2(k1+k2)

-3k2

k3

k2

-2(k2+k3)

R
23/117

R =0
CAB - CAD

CBC - CBA
C
(2)81054792.xls, MSN

24/117

(2)81054792.xls, MSN

RBC = B0Pv1/2

3.5657 tf

P = t1L1c

1.2000 tf/m

C = [CBC - CCB + CDA - CAD + (RBC - B0Q1/2 + P)B0]/3


4.25000
1.00000
1.12500

1.00000
4.25000
1.12500

A
B

-3.37500
-3.37500
-4.50000

0.2000 tfm

-0.02963
0.04602
0.20000

By solving above equation, the result is led as shown below;


A
B

=
=

-0.05144
-0.02817

-0.064347

MAB = -MFE = k1(2A +B) - CAB

-1.5900 tfm

MBA = -MEF = k1(2B+A)+CBA

1.0348 tfm

MBC = -MEC = k2(2B+C - 3R) - CBC

-1.0348 tfm

MCB = -MCE = k2(2C+B - 3R)+CCB

1.3740 tfm

MDA = -MDF = k3(2D+A - 3R) - CDA

-1.3293 tfm

MAD = -MFD = k3 (2A+ D - 3R)+CAD

1.5900 tfm

MA = MAB + MAD

0.0000 tfm

o.k.

MB = MBA + MBC

0.0000 tfm

o.k.

MCD = k4(2C+D)

0.0000 tfm

MDC = k4(2D+C)

0.0000 tfm

2) Calculation of Design Force


2-1) Side Wall
a) Shearing Force at joint

MBA=1.03 tf.m

w1

Load at end A

4.958 tf/m2

w2

Load at end B

1.208 tf/m

MAB

Bending moment at end A

MBA

Bending moment at end B


Length of member
Protective covering height
Thickness of member (height)
Effective height of member

L
ch
t
d

w2=1.21 tf/m2

B
w1
w1

-1.5900 tfm
1.0348 tfm
2.250 m
0.050 m
0.250 m
0.200 m

A
w1=4.96 tf/m2

SAB = (2w1+w2)L/6 - (MAB+MBA)/L


SBA = SAB - L(w1+w2)/2

=
=

4.4185 tf
-2.5187 tf

MAB=-1.59 tf.m

b) Shearing Force at 2d point from joint


Shearing force at the point with a distance of 2d from joint is calculated by following equation.
Sx = SAB - w1x - (w2 - w1)x2/(2L)

25/117

(2)81054792.xls, MSN

(i) In case of x1 =
Sx1
(ii) In case of x2 =
Sx2

=
=

0.4 m
2.5685 tf
1.85 m
-1.9021 tf

26/117

(2)81054792.xls, MSN

c) Bending Moment
MA = MAB
MB = -MBA

-1.5900 tfm

-1.0348 tfm

The maximum bending moment occurs at the point of that shearing force equal to zero.
Sx = 0 = SAB - w1x - (w2 - w1)x2/(2L)
=

4.42

-4.9581 x

Bending moment at x =

1.0913

0.8333 x^2

m is;

Mmax = SABx - w1x /2 - (w2-w1)x /(6L) + MAB


2

0.6405 tfm

2-2) Top Slab


a) Shearing Force at joint
w1

Uniform load on top slab

MBC

Bending moment at end B

MCB

Bending moment at end C


Length of member
Protective covering height
Thickness of member (height)
Effective height of member

L
ch
t
d

3.566 tf/m2

w1=3.57 tf/m2

-1.0348 tfm
1.3740 tfm
2.000 m
MBC =
0.050 m
-1.03
tf.m
0.250 m
0.200 m

SBC = w1L/2-(MBC+MCB)/L

3.3960 tf

SCB = SBC -w1L

-3.7353 tf

B
x

L=2.00 m

b) Shearing Force at 2d point from joint


Shearing force at the point with a distance of 2d from joint is calculated by following equation.
Sx = SBC- w1x
(i) In case of x1 =
Sx1
(ii) In case of x2 =
Sx2
c) Bending Moment
MB = MBC
MC = -MCB
Sx = SBC - w1x

=
=

=
=
=

Bending moment at x =
Mmax = SBCx - w1x2/2 + MBC

0.400 m
1.9698 tf
1.6 m
-2.3090 tf

-1.0348 tfm
-1.3740 tfm
3.39603 3.566 x
0.9524
m is;

=
=

0,

x=

0.58247 tfm

2-3) Invert (Bottom Slab)


a) Shearing Force at joint
w1

Reaction to bottom slab

MDA

Bending moment at end D

-1.3293 tfm

MAD

Bending moment at end A


Length of member

1.5900 tfm
2.000 m

L=2.00 m

4.466 tf/m2

27/117

x
A

(2)81054792.xls, MSN

ch
t
d

Protective covering height


Thickness of member (height)
Effective height of member

0.050 m
0.250 m
0.200 m

MAD =
1.59 tf.m
w1=4.47 tf/m2

28/117

(2)81054792.xls, MSN

SDA = w1L/2 - (MDA+MAD)/L


=
=

SAD = SDA - Lw1

4.3353 tf
-4.5960 tf

b) Shearing Force at 2d point from joint


Shearing force at the point with a distance of 2d from joint is calculated by following equation.
Sx = SDA- w1x
(i) In case of x1 =
Sx1
(ii) In case of x2 =
Sx2
c) Bending Moment
MD = MDA
MA = -MAD
Sx = SDA - w1x

=
=

=
=
=

Bending moment at x =
Mmax = SDAx - w1x2/2 + MDA

0.400 m
2.5490 tf
1.600 m
-2.80976 tf

-1.3293 tfm
-1.5900 tfm
4.33531 4.466 x
0.9708 m is;

2-4) Partition Wall


a) Shearing Force at joint
w1
Load at end C
w2
MCD
MDC
L
ch
t
d

0,

0.7751 tfm

x=

0.000 tf/m2

Load at end D

0.000 tf/m2

Bending moment at end C


Bending moment at end D
Length of member
Protective covering height
Thickness of member (height)
Effective height of member

0.000 tfm
0.000 tfm
2.250 m
0.050 m
0.250 m
0.200 m

SCD = w1L/2 - (MCD+MDC)/L


=
=

SDC = SCD - Lw1

0.000 tf
0.000 tf

b) Shearing Force at 2d point from joint


Shearing force at the point with a distance of 2d from joint is calculated by following equation.
Sx = SCD- w1x
(i) In case of x1 =
0.400 m
Sx1
=
0 tf
(ii) In case of x2 =
1.850 m
Sx2
=
0 tf
c) Bending Moment
MC = MCD
MD = -MDC
Sx = SCD - w1x

=
=
=

Bending moment at x =
Mmax = SCDx - w1x2/2 + MCD

0.0000 tfm
0.0000 tfm
0.000 0.000 x
1.1250 m is;

29/117

0,

0.000 tfm

x=

(2)81054792.xls, MSN

Case 2: Box Culvert Inside is Empty, Underground Water up to Top slab, Track load Case. L2
1) Calculation of Load Term
Ph1
Horizontal Pressure at top of side wall

2.510 tf/m2

Ph2

Horizontal Pressure at bottom of side wall

6.260 tf/m2

Ph3

Horizontal Pressure at top of side wall

2.510 tf/m2

Ph4

Horizontal Pressure at bottom of side wall

6.260 tf/m2

Pv1

Vertical Pressure(1) on top slab

5.771 tf/m2

Q1
H0
B0
t1
t2
t3
t4
c
L1

Reaction to bottom slab


Height of plane frame
Width of plane frame
Thickness of side wall
Thickness of top slab
Thickness of bottom slab
Thickness of partition wall
Unit weight of reinforcement concrete
Height of side wall

6.671 tf/m2
2.250 m
2.000 m
0.250 m
0.250 m
0.250 m
0.250 m
2.400 tf/m3
2.000 m

CAB = CFE = (2Ph3+3Ph4)H02/60

2.0082 tfm

CBA = CEF = (3Ph3+2Ph4)H0 /60

1.6918 tfm

CBC = CCB = CCE = CEC = Pv1B0 /12

1.9236 tfm

CDA = CAD = CFD = CDF = Q1B /12

2.2236 tfm

2
0

Pv1=5.77 tf/m2

B
H0=2.25m

t2=0.25m
t1=0.25m

t2=0.25m

t4=0.25m

t3=0.25m

t3=0.25m

Ph1=2.51 tf/m2

Ph3 =2.51 tf/m2

t1=0.25m

Ph2 =6.26 tf/m2

Ph4 =6.26 tf/m2


Q1=6.67 tf/m2

B0 =2.00m

B0 =2.00m

2) Calculation of Bending Moment at joint


k1
k2 = H0t23/(B0t13)

=
=

1.0
1.12500

k3 = H0t33/(B0t13)

1.12500

k4 = H0t /(H0t )

1.00000

3
4

3
1

As load has bilateral symmetry, the equation shown below is formed.


A = -F
2(k1+k3)
k1
k3

B = -E
k1
2(k1+k2)
k2

-3k3
-3k2
-2(k2+k3)

C = D = 0
A
B
R

30/117

R =0
CAB - CAD
CBC - CBA
C

(2)81054792.xls, MSN

RBC = B0Pv1/2

5.7708 tf
1.2000 tf/m

=
=

P = t1L1c

C = [CBC - CCB + CDA - CAD + (RBC - B0Q1/2 + P)B0]/3


4.25000
1.00000
1.12500

1.00000
4.25000
1.12500

A
B

-3.37500
-3.37500
-4.50000

0.2000 tfm

-0.2154
0.2318
0.2000

By solving above equation, the result is led as shown below;


A
B

=
=

-0.1086
0.0290

MAB = -MFE = k1(2A +B) - CAB


MBA = -MEF = k1(2B+A)+CBA
MBC = -MEC = k2(2B+C - 3R) - CBC
MCB = -MCE = k2(2C+B - 3R)+CCB
MDA = -MDF = k3(2D+A - 3R) - CDA
MAD = -MFD = k3 (2A+ D - 3R)+CAD
MA = MAB + MAD
MB = MBA + MBC
MCD = k4(2C+D)
MDC = k4(2D+C)

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

-0.0643

-2.1964 tfm
1.6412 tfm
-1.6412 tfm
2.1734 tfm
-2.1286 tfm
2.1964 tfm
0.0000 tfm
0.0000 tfm
0.0000 tfm
0.0000 tfm

2) Calculation of Design Force


2-1) Side Wall
a) Shearing Force at joint

o.k.
o.k.

MBA=1.64 tf.m

w1

Load at end A

6.260 tf/m2

w2
MAB
MBA
L
ch
t
d

Load at end B

2.510 tf/m

Bending moment at end A


Bending moment at end B
Length of member
Protective covering height
Thickness of member (height)
Effective height of member

w2=2.51 tf/m2

B
w1
w1

-2.1964 tfm
1.6412 tfm
2.250 m
0.050 m
0.250 m
0.200 m

A
w1=6.26 tf/m2

SAB = (2w1+w2)L/6 - (MAB+MBA)/L


=
=

SBA = SAB - L(w1+w2)/2

5.8832 tf
-3.9834 tf

MAB=-2.20 tf.m

b) Shearing Force at 2d point from joint


Shearing force at the point with a distance of 2d from joint is calculated by following equation.
Sx = SAB - w1x - (w2 - w1)x2/(2L)
(i) In case of x1 =
Sx1
(ii) In case of x2 =
Sx2

=
=

0.4 m
3.5125 tf
1.85 m
-2.8460 tf
31/117

(2)81054792.xls, MSN

c) Bending Moment
MA = MAB
MB = -MBA

=
=

-2.1964 tfm
-1.6412 tfm

32/117

(2)81054792.xls, MSN

The maximum bending moment occurs at the point of that shearing force equal to zero.
Sx = 0 = SAB - w1x - (w2 - w1)x2/(2L)
=

5.88

-6.2601 x

0.83330 x^2

Bending moment at x =
1.1012
m is;
2
3
Mmax = SABx - w1x /2 - (w2-w1)x /(6L) + MAB

0.8574 tfm

2-2) Top Slab


a) Shearing Force at joint
w1
MBC
MCB
L
ch
t
d

Uniform load on top slab

5.771 tf/m2

Bending moment at end B


Bending moment at end C
Length of member
Protective covering height
Thickness of member (height)
Effective height of member

w1=5.77 tf/m2

-1.6412 tfm
2.1734 tfm
2.000 m
MBC =
0.050 m
-1.64 tf.m
0.250 m
0.200 m

SBC = w1L/2-(MBC+MCB)/L
SCB = SBC -w1L

=
=

B
x

L=2.00 m

5.5047 tf
-6.0368 tf

b) Shearing Force at 2d point from joint


Shearing force at the point with a distance of 2d from joint is calculated by following equation.
Sx = SBC- w1x
(i) In case of x1 =
0.400 m
Sx1
=
3.1964 tf
(ii) In case of x2 =
1.6 m
Sx2
=
-3.7285 tf
c) Bending Moment
MB = MBC
MC = -MCB
Sx = SBC - w1x

=
=
=

Bending moment at x =
Mmax = SBCx - w1x2/2 + MBC

-1.6412 tfm
-2.1734 tfm
5.50465 5.771 x
0.9539
m is;

0,

0.9842 tfm

x=

2-3) Invert (Bottom Slab)


a) Shearing Force at joint
w1
MDA
MAD
L
ch
t
d

Reaction to bottom slab

L=2.00 m

6.671 tf/m2

Bending moment at end D


Bending moment at end A
Length of member
Protective covering height
Thickness of member (height)
Effective height of member

-2.1286 tfm
2.1964 tfm
2.000 m
0.050 m
0.250 m
0.200 m

x
A
MAD =
2.20 tf.m
w1=6.67 tf/m2

SDA = w1L/2 - (MDA+MAD)/L


=

6.6368 tf
33/117

(2)81054792.xls, MSN

SAD = SDA - Lw1

-6.7047 tf

34/117

(2)81054792.xls, MSN

b) Shearing Force at 2d point from joint


Shearing force at the point with a distance of 2d from joint is calculated by following equation.
Sx = SDA- w1x
(i) In case of x1 =
0.400 m
Sx1
=
3.9685 tf
(ii) In case of x2 =
1.600 m
Sx2
=
-4.03635 tf
c) Bending Moment
MD = MDA
MA = -MAD
Sx = SDA - w1x

=
=
=

Bending moment at x =
Mmax = SDAx - w1x2/2 + MDA

-2.1286 tfm
-2.1964 tfm
6.6368 6.671 x
0.9949 m is;

2-4) Partition Wall


a) Shearing Force at joint
w1
Load at end C
w2
MCD
MDC
L
ch
t
d

0,

1.1730 tfm

x=

0.000 tf/m2

Load at end D

0.000 tf/m2

Bending moment at end C


Bending moment at end D
Length of member
Protective covering height
Thickness of member (height)
Effective height of member

0.000 tfm
0.000 tfm
2.250 m
0.050 m
0.250 m
0.200 m

SCD = w1L/2 - (MCD+MDC)/L


=
=

SDC = SCD - Lw1

0 tf
0 tf

b) Shearing Force at 2d point from joint


Shearing force at the point with a distance of 2d from joint is calculated by following equation.
Sx = SCD- w1x
(i) In case of x1 =
0.400 m
Sx1
=
0.000 tf
(ii) In case of x2 =
1.850 m
Sx2
=
0.000 tf
c) Bending Moment
MC = MCD
MD = -MDC
Sx = SCD - w1x

=
=
=

Bending moment at x =
Mmax = SCDx - w1x2/2 + MCD

0.00000 tfm
0.00000 tfm
00.000 x
1.1250 m is;

35/117

0,

0.000 tfm

x=

(2)81054792.xls, MSN

Case 3: Box Culvert Inside is Full, Underground Water up to invert, Track load Case. L1
1) Calculation of Load Term
Ph1
Horizontal Pressure at top of side wall

0.435 tf/m2

Ph2

Horizontal Pressure at bottom of side wall

-0.215 tf/m2

Ph3

Horizontal Pressure at top of side wall

Ph4

Horizontal Pressure at bottom of side wall

Pv1

Vertical Pressure(1) on top slab

3.446 tf/m2

Q1
H0
B0
t1
t2
t3
t4
c
L1

Reaction to bottom slab


Height of plane frame
Width of plane frame
Thickness of side wall
Thickness of top slab
Thickness of bottom slab
Thickness of partition wall
Unit weight of reinforcement concrete
Height of side wall

4.346 tf/m2
2.250 m
2.000 m
0.250 m
0.250 m
0.250 m
0.250 m
2.400 tf/m3
2.000 m

0.435 tf/m2
-0.215 tf/m2

CAB = CFE = (2Ph3+3Ph4)H02/60

0.01893 tfm

CBA = CEF = (3Ph3+2Ph4)H0 /60

0.07379 tfm

CBC = CCB = CCE = CEC = Pv1B0 /12

1.14856 tfm

CDA = CAD = CFD = CDF = Q1B /12

1.44856 tfm

2
0

Pv1=3.45 tf/m2

B
H0=2.25m

t2=0.25m
t1=0.25m

t2=0.25m

t4=0.25m

t3=0.25m

t3=0.25m

Ph1=0.43 tf/m2

Ph3 =0.43 tf/m2

t1=0.25m

Ph2 =-0.22 tf/m2

Ph4 =-0.22 tf/m


Q1=4.35 tf/m2

B0 =2.00m

B0 =2.00m

2) Calculation of Bending Moment at joint


k1
k2 = H0t23/(B0t13)

=
=

1.0
1.12500

k3 = H0t33/(B0t13)

1.12500

k4 = H0t /(H0t )

1.00000

3
4

3
1

As load has bilateral symmetry, the equation shown below is formed.


A = -F
2(k1+k3)
k1
k3

B = -E
k1
2(k1+k2)
k2

-3k3
-3k2
-2(k2+k3)

C = D = 0
A
B
R

36/117

R =0
CAB - CAD
CBC - CBA
C

(2)81054792.xls, MSN

RBC = B0Pv1/2
P = t1L1c

=
=

3.45 tf
1.20000 tf/m

37/117

(2)81054792.xls, MSN

C = [CBC - CCB + CDA - CAD + (RBC - B0Q1/2 + P)B0]/3


4.25000
1.00000
1.12500

1.00000
4.25000
1.12500

A
B

-3.37500
-3.37500
-4.50000

0.2 tfm

-1.42963
1.07477
0.20000

By solving above equation, the result is led as shown below;


A
B

=
=

-0.47720
0.29338

MAB = -MFE = k1(2A +B) - CAB


MBA = -MEF = k1(2B+A)+CBA
MBC = -MEC = k2(2B+C - 3R) - CBC
MCB = -MCE = k2(2C+B - 3R)+CCB
MDA = -MDF = k3(2D+A - 3R) - CDA
MAD = -MFD = k3 (2A+ D - 3R)+CAD
MA = MAB + MAD
MB = MBA + MBC
MCD = k4(2C+D)
MDC = k4(2D+C)

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

-0.09040

-0.6800 tfm
0.1834 tfm
-0.1834 tfm
1.7837 tfm
-1.6803 tfm
0.6800 tfm
0.0000 tfm
0.0000 tfm
0.0000 tfm
0.0000 tfm

2) Calculation of Design Force


2-1) Side Wall
a) Shearing Force at joint

o.k.
o.k.

MBA=0.18 tf.m

w1

Load at end A

-0.215 tf/m2

w2
MAB
MBA
L
ch
t
d

Load at end B

0.435 tf/m2

Bending moment at end A


Bending moment at end B
Length of member
Protective covering height
Thickness of member (height)
Effective height of member

w2=0.43 tf/m2

B
w1
w1

-0.6800 tfm
0.1834 tfm
2.250 m
0.050 m
0.250 m
0.200 m

A
w1=-0.22 tf/m2

SAB = (2w1+w2)L/6 - (MAB+MBA)/L


=
=

SBA = SAB - L(w1+w2)/2

0.2224 tf
-0.0248 tf

MAB=-0.68 tf.m

b) Shearing Force at 2d point from joint


Shearing force at the point with a distance of 2d from joint is calculated by following equation.
Sx = SAB - w1x - (w2 - w1)x2/(2L)
(i) In case of x1 =
Sx1
(ii) In case of x2 =
Sx2

=
=

0.4 m
0.2854 tf
1.85 m
0.1261 tf

38/117

(2)81054792.xls, MSN

c) Bending Moment
MA = MAB
MB = -MBA

=
=

-0.6800 tfm
-0.1834 tfm

The maximum bending moment occurs at the point of that shearing force equal to zero.
Sx = 0 = SAB - w1x - (w2 - w1)x2/(2L)
=

0.22

0.2152 x

-0.14447 x^2

Bending moment at x =
2.1918
m is;
2
3
Mmax = SABx - w1x /2 - (w2-w1)x /(6L) + MAB

-0.1826 tfm

2-2) Top Slab


a) Shearing Force at joint
w1
MBC
MCB
L
ch
t
d

Uniform load on top slab

3.446 tf/m2

Bending moment at end B


Bending moment at end C
Length of member
Protective covering height
Thickness of member (height)
Effective height of member

w1=3.45 tf/m2

-0.1834 tfm
1.7837 tfm
2.000 m
MBC =
0.050 m
-0.18 tf.m
0.250 m
0.200 m

SBC = w1L/2-(MBC+MCB)/L
SCB = SBC -w1L

=
=

B
x

L=2.00 m

2.6455 tf
-4.2459 tf

b) Shearing Force at 2d point from joint


Shearing force at the point with a distance of 2d from joint is calculated by following equation.
Sx = SBC- w1x
(i) In case of x1 =
0.400 m
Sx1
=
1.2672 tf
(ii) In case of x2 =
1.6 m
Sx2
=
-2.8676 tf
c) Bending Moment
MB = MBC
MC = -MCB
Sx = SBC - w1x

=
=
=

Bending moment at x =
Mmax = SBCx - w1x2/2 + MBC

-0.1834 tfm
-1.7837 tfm
2.6455 3.446 x
0.7678
m is;

0,

0.8322 tfm

x=

2-3) Invert (Bottom Slab)


a) Shearing Force at joint
w1
MDA
MAD
L
ch
t
d

Reaction to bottom slab

L=2.00 m

4.346 tf/m2

Bending moment at end B


Bending moment at end C
Length of member
Protective covering height
Thickness of member (height)
Effective height of member

-1.6803 tfm
0.6800 tfm
2.000 m
0.050 m
0.250 m
0.200 m
39/117

x
A
MAD =
0.68 tf.m
(2)81054792.xls, MSN

w1=4.35 tf/m2

40/117

(2)81054792.xls, MSN

SDA = w1L/2 - (MDA+MAD)/L


=
=

SAD = SDA - Lw1

4.8459 tf
-3.8455 tf

b) Shearing Force at 2d point from joint


Shearing force at the point with a distance of 2d from joint is calculated by following equation.
Sx = SDA- w1x
(i) In case of x1 =
0.400 m
Sx1
=
3.1076 tf
(ii) In case of x2 =
1.600 m
Sx2
=
-2.1072 tf
c) Bending Moment
MD = MDA
MA = -MAD
Sx = SDA - w1x

=
=
=

Bending moment at x =
Mmax = SDAx - w1x2/2 + MDA

-1.6803 tfm
-0.6800 tfm
4.84585 4.346 x
1.1151 m is;

2-4) Partition Wall


a) Shearing Force at joint
w1
Load at end C
w2
MCD
MDC
L
ch
t
d

0,

1.0215 tfm

x=

0.000 tf/m2

Load at end D

0.000 tf/m2

Bending moment at end C


Bending moment at end D
Length of member
Protective covering height
Thickness of member (height)
Effective height of member

0.000 tfm
0.000 tfm
2.250 m
0.050 m
0.250 m
0.200 m

SCD = w1L/2 - (MCD+MDC)/L


=
=

SDC = SCD - Lw1

0 tf
0 tf

b) Shearing Force at 2d point from joint


Shearing force at the point with a distance of 2d from joint is calculated by following equation.
Sx = SCD- w1x
(i) In case of x1 =
0.400 m
Sx1
=
0 tf
(ii) In case of x2 =
1.850 m
Sx2
=
0 tf
c) Bending Moment
MC = MCD
MD = -MDC
Sx = SCD - w1x

=
=
=

Bending moment at x =
Mmax = SCDx - w1x2/2 + MCD

0.00000 tfm
0.00000 tfm
00.000 x
1.1250 m is;

41/117

0,

0 tfm

x=

(2)81054792.xls, MSN

Case 4: Box Culvert Inside is Full, Underground Water up to invert, Track load Case. L2
1) Calculation of Load Term
Ph1
Horizontal Pressure at top of side wall

1.737 tf/m2

Ph2

Horizontal Pressure at bottom of side wall

1.087 tf/m2

Ph3

Horizontal Pressure at top of side wall

1.737 tf/m2

Ph4

Horizontal Pressure at bottom of side wall

1.087 tf/m2

Pv1

Vertical Pressure(1) on top slab

5.651 tf/m2

Q1
H0
B0
t1
t2
t3
t4
c
L1

Reaction to bottom slab


Height of plane frame
Width of plane frame
Thickness of side wall
Thickness of top slab
Thickness of bottom slab
Thickness of partition wall
Unit weight of reinforcement concrete
Height of side wall

6.551 tf/m2
2.250 m
2.000 m
0.250 m
0.250 m
0.250 m
0.250 m
2.400 tf/m3
2.000 m

CAB = CFE = (2Ph3+3Ph4)H02/60

0.56819 tfm

CBA = CEF = (3Ph3+2Ph4)H0 /60

0.62305 tfm

CBC = CCB = CCE = CEC = Pv1B0 /12

1.88358 tfm

CDA = CAD = CFD = CDF = Q1B /12

2.18358 tfm

2
0

Pv1=5.65 tf/m2

B
H0=2.25m

t2=0.25m
t1=0.25m

t2=0.25m

t4=0.25m

t3=0.25m

t3=0.25m

Ph1=1.74 tf/m2

Ph3 =1.74 tf/m2

t1=0.25m

Ph2 =1.09 tf/m2

Ph4 =1.09 tf/m2


Q1=6.55 tf/m2

B0 =2.00m

B0 =2.00m

2) Calculation of Bending Moment at joint


k1
k2 = H0t23/(B0t13)

=
=

1.0
1.12500

k3 = H0t33/(B0t13)

1.12500

k4 = H0t /(H0t )

1.00000

3
4

3
1

As load has bilateral symmetry, the equation shown below is formed.


A = -F
2(k1+k3)
k1
k3

B = -E
k1
2(k1+k2)
k2

-3k3
-3k2
-2(k2+k3)

C = D = 0
A
B
R

42/117

R =0
CAB - CAD
CBC - CBA
C

(2)81054792.xls, MSN

RBC = B0Pv1/2
P = t1L1c

=
=

5.6508 tf
1.2000 tf/m

C = [CBC - CCB + CDA - CAD + (RBC - B0Q1/2 + P)B0]/3

43/117

0.2 tfm

(2)81054792.xls, MSN

4.25000
1.00000
1.12500

1.00000
4.25000
1.12500

A
B

-3.37500
-3.37500
-4.50000

-1.61539
1.26053
0.20000

By solving above equation, the result is led as shown below;


A
B

=
=

-0.53436
0.35054

MAB = -MFE = k1(2A +B) - CAB


MBA = -MEF = k1(2B+A)+CBA
MBC = -MEC = k2(2B+C - 3R) - CBC
MCB = -MCE = k2(2C+B - 3R)+CCB
MDA = -MDF = k3(2D+A - 3R) - CDA
MAD = -MFD = k3 (2A+ D - 3R)+CAD
MA = MAB + MAD
MB = MBA + MBC
MCD = k4(2C+D)
MDC = k4(2D+C)

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

-0.09040

-1.2864 tfm
0.7898 tfm
-0.7898 tfm
2.5830 tfm
-2.4796 tfm
1.2864 tfm
0.0000 tfm
0.0000 tfm
0.0000 tfm
0.0000 tfm

2) Calculation of Design Force


2-1) Side Wall
a) Shearing Force at joint

MBA=0.79 tf.m

w1

Load at end A

1.087 tf/m2

w2
MAB

Load at end B

1.737 tf/m

MBA
L
ch
t
d

o.k.
o.k.

Bending moment at end A


Bending moment at end B
Length of member
Protective covering height
Thickness of member (height)
Effective height of member

w2=1.74 tf/m2

B
w1
w1

-1.2864 tfm
0.7898 tfm
2.250 m
0.050 m
0.250 m
0.200 m

A
w1=1.09 tf/m2

SAB = (2w1+w2)L/6 - (MAB+MBA)/L


=
=

SBA = SAB - L(w1+w2)/2

1.6871 tf
-1.4895 tf

MAB=-1.29 tf.m

b) Shearing Force at 2d point from joint


Shearing force at the point with a distance of 2d from joint is calculated by following equation.
Sx = SAB - w1x - (w2 - w1)x2/(2L)
(i) In case of x1 =
Sx1
(ii) In case of x2 =
Sx2

c) Bending Moment
MA = MAB

=
=

0.4 m
1.2293 tf
1.85 m
-0.8179 tf

-1.28637 tfm
44/117

(2)81054792.xls, MSN

MB = -MBA

-0.78977 tfm

45/117

(2)81054792.xls, MSN

The maximum bending moment occurs at the point of that shearing force equal to zero.
Sx = 0 = SAB - w1x - (w2 - w1)x2/(2L)
=

1.69

-1.0868 x

-0.14447 x^2

Bending moment at x =
1.3206
m is;
2
3
Mmax = SABx - w1x /2 - (w2-w1)x /(6L) + MAB

-0.1169 tfm

2-2) Top Slab


a) Shearing Force at joint
w1
MBC
MCB
L
ch
t
d

Uniform load on top slab

5.651 tf/m2

Bending moment at end B


Bending moment at end C
Length of member
Protective covering height
Thickness of member (height)
Effective height of member

w1=5.65 tf/m2

-0.7898 tfm
2.5830 tfm
2.000 m
MBC =
0.050 m
-0.79 tf.m
0.250 m
0.200 m

SBC = w1L/2-(MBC+MCB)/L
SCB = SBC -w1L

=
=

B
x

L=2.00 m

4.7541 tf
-6.5474 tf

b) Shearing Force at 2d point from joint


Shearing force at the point with a distance of 2d from joint is calculated by following equation.
Sx = SBC- w1x
(i) In case of x1 =
0.400 m
Sx1
=
2.4938 tf
(ii) In case of x2 =
1.6 m
Sx2
=
-4.2871 tf
c) Bending Moment
MB = MBC
MC = -MCB
Sx = SBC - w1x

=
=
=

Bending moment at x =
Mmax = SBCx - w1x2/2 + MBC

-0.7898 tfm
-2.5830 tfm
4.7541 5.651 x
0.8413
m is;

0,

1.2101 tfm

x=

2-3) Invert (Bottom Slab)


a) Shearing Force at joint
w1
MDA
MAD
L
ch
t
d

Reaction to bottom slab

L=2.00 m

6.551 tf/m2

Bending moment at end B


Bending moment at end C
Length of member
Protective covering height
Thickness of member (height)
Effective height of member

-2.4796 tfm
1.2864 tfm
2.000 m
0.050 m
0.250 m
0.200 m

x
A
MAD =
1.29 tf.m
w1=6.55 tf/m2

SDA = w1L/2 - (MDA+MAD)/L


=

7.1474 tf
46/117

(2)81054792.xls, MSN

SAD = SDA - Lw1

-5.9541 tf

47/117

(2)81054792.xls, MSN

b) Shearing Force at 2d point from joint


Shearing force at the point with a distance of 2d from joint is calculated by following equation.
Sx = SDA- w1x
(i) In case of x1 =
0.400 m
Sx1
=
4.5271 tf
(ii) In case of x2 =
1.600 m
Sx2
=
-3.3338 tf
c) Bending Moment
MD = MDA
MA = -MAD
Sx = SDA - w1x

=
=
=

Bending moment at x =
Mmax = SDAx - w1x2/2 + MDA

-2.4796 tfm
-1.2864 tfm
7.14738 6.551 x
1.0911 m is;

2-4) Partition Wall


a) Shearing Force at joint
w1
Load at end C
w2
MCD
MDC
L
ch
t
d

0,

x=

1.41954 tfm

0.000 tf/m2

Load at end D

0.000 tf/m2

Bending moment at end C


Bending moment at end D
Length of member
Protective covering height
Thickness of member (height)
Effective height of member

0.000 tfm
0.000 tfm
2.250 m
0.050 m
0.250 m
0.200 m

SCD = w1L/2 - (MCD+MDC)/L


=
=

SDC = SCD - Lw1

0 tf
0 tf

b) Shearing Force at 2d point from joint


Shearing force at the point with a distance of 2d from joint is calculated by following equation.
Sx = SCD- w1x
(i) In case of x1 =
0.400 m
Sx1
=
0 tf
(ii) In case of x2 =
1.850 m
Sx2
=
0 tf
c) Bending Moment
MC = MCD
MD = -MDC
Sx = SCD - w1x

=
=
=

Bending moment at x =
Mmax = SCDx - w1x2/2 + MCD

0.00000 tfm
0.00000 tfm
00.000 x
1.1250 m is;

48/117

0,

0 tfm

x=

(2)81054792.xls, MSN

Ph3=1.21 tf/m2

Ph4=4.96 tf/m2

49/117

(2)81054792.xls, MSN

50/117

(2)81054792.xls, MSN

MBA=1.03 tf.m

L=2.25 m

x
w1
w1

MAB=-1.59 tf.m

51/117

(2)81054792.xls, MSN

52/117

(2)81054792.xls, MSN

4.8587
1.0913

w1=3.57 tf/m2

C
MCB =
1.37 tf.m
L=2.00 m

0.9524

L=2.00 m

53/117

(2)81054792.xls, MSN

MDA =
-1.33 tf.m
w1=4.47 tf/m2

54/117

(2)81054792.xls, MSN

0.9708

55/117

(2)81054792.xls, MSN

Ph3 =2.51 tf/m2

Ph4 =6.26 tf/m2

56/117

(2)81054792.xls, MSN

MBA=1.64 tf.m

L=2.25 m

x
w1
w1

MAB=-2.20 tf.m

57/117

(2)81054792.xls, MSN

58/117

(2)81054792.xls, MSN

6.4112
1.1012

w1=5.77 tf/m2

C
MCB =
2.17 tf.m
L=2.00 m

0.9539

L=2.00 m

D
MDA =
-2.13 tf.m
w1=6.67 tf/m2

59/117

(2)81054792.xls, MSN

60/117

(2)81054792.xls, MSN

0.9949

61/117

(2)81054792.xls, MSN

Ph3 =0.43 tf/m2

Ph4 =-0.22 tf/m2

62/117

(2)81054792.xls, MSN

63/117

(2)81054792.xls, MSN

MBA=0.18 tf.m

x
w1
w1

L=2.25 m

MAB=-0.68 tf.m

64/117

(2)81054792.xls, MSN

-0.702
2.192

w1=3.45 tf/m2

C
MCB =
1.78 tf.m
L=2.00 m

0.7678

L=2.00 m

D
MDA =
-1.68 tf.m
65/117

(2)81054792.xls, MSN

w1=4.35 tf/m2

66/117

(2)81054792.xls, MSN

1.1151

67/117

(2)81054792.xls, MSN

Ph3 =1.74 tf/m2

Ph4 =1.09 tf/m2

68/117

(2)81054792.xls, MSN

69/117

(2)81054792.xls, MSN

MBA=0.79 tf.m

x
w1
w1

L=2.25 m

MAB=-1.29 tf.m

70/117

(2)81054792.xls, MSN

71/117

(2)81054792.xls, MSN

-8.843
1.321

w1=5.65 tf/m2

C
MCB =
2.58 tf.m
L=2.00 m

0.8413

L=2.00 m

D
MDA =
-2.48 tf.m
w1=6.55 tf/m2

72/117

(2)81054792.xls, MSN

73/117

(2)81054792.xls, MSN

1.0911

74/117

(2)81054792.xls, MSN

Summary of Internal forces

Member
Side wall
(left)

Case
Case.1

Case.2

Case.3

Case.4
Top slab
(left)

Case.1

Case.2

Case.3

Case.4
Partition
wall

Case.1

Case.2

Case.3

Case.4
Invert
(left)

Case.1

Case.2

Case.3

Case.4

Check Point
A
Middle
B
A
Middle
B
A
Middle
B
A
Middle
B
B
Middle
C
B
Middle
C
B
Middle
C
B
Middle
C
C
Middle
D
C
Middle
D
C
Middle
D
C
Middle
D
D
Middle
A
D
Middle
A
D
Middle
A
D
Middle
A

M
(tfm)
-1.590
0.640
-1.035
-2.196
0.857
-1.641
-0.680
-0.183
-0.183
-1.286
-0.117
-0.790
-1.035
0.582
-1.374
-1.641
0.984
-2.173
-0.183
0.832
-1.784
-0.790
1.210
-2.583
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
-1.329
0.775
-1.590
-2.129
1.173
-2.196
-1.680
1.021
-0.680
-2.480
1.420
-1.286
75/117

S
(tf)

4.596
4.014
3.396
6.705
6.117
5.505
3.845
2.677
2.645
5.954
5.250
4.754
2.519
2.519
2.519
3.983
3.983
3.983
0.025
0.025
0.025
0.025
0.025
0.025
7.471
8.071
8.671
12.074
12.674
13.274
8.492
9.092
9.692
13.095
13.695
14.295
4.418
4.418
4.418
5.883
5.883
5.883
0.222
0.222
0.222
1.687
1.687
1.687

at joint
4.418
0.000
-2.519
5.883
0.000
-3.983
0.222
0.000
-0.025
1.687
0.000
-1.490
3.396
0.000
-3.735
5.505
0.000
-6.037
2.645
0.000
-4.246
4.754
0.000
-6.547
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
4.335
0.000
-4.596
6.637
0.000
-6.705
4.846
0.000
-3.845
7.147
0.000
-5.954

(tf)
at 2d
2.569
-1.902
3.512
-2.846
0.285
0.126
1.229
-0.818
1.970
-2.309
3.196
-3.729
1.267
-2.868
2.494
-4.287
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
2.549
-2.810
3.969
-4.036
3.108
-2.107
4.527
-3.334

(3)81054792.xls, Sum MSN

Member
Top slab
(right)

Case
Case.1

Case.2

Case.3

Case.4
Side wall
(right)

Case.1

Case.2

Case.3

Case.4
Invert
(right)

Case.1

Case.2

Case.3

Case.4

Check Point
C
Middle
E
C
Middle
E
C
Middle
E
C
Middle
E
E
Middle
F
E
Middle
F
E
Middle
F
E
Middle
F
F
Middle
D
F
Middle
D
F
Middle
D
F
Middle
D

M
(tfm)
-1.374
0.582
-1.035
-2.173
0.984
-1.641
-1.784
0.832
-0.183
-2.583
1.210
-0.790
-1.035
0.640
-1.590
-1.641
0.857
-2.196
-0.183
-0.183
-0.680
-0.790
-0.117
-1.286
-1.590
0.775
-1.329
-2.196
1.173
-2.129
-0.680
1.021
-1.680
-1.286
1.420
-2.480

76/117

S
(tf)

2.519
2.519
2.519
3.983
3.983
3.983
0.025
0.025
0.025
0.025
0.025
0.025
3.396
4.014
4.596
5.505
6.117
6.705
2.645
2.677
3.845
4.754
5.250
5.954
4.418
4.418
4.418
5.883
5.883
5.883
0.222
0.222
0.222
1.687
1.687
1.687

at joint
3.735
0.000
-3.396
6.037
0.000
-5.505
4.246
0.000
-2.645
6.547
0.000
-4.754
2.519
0.000
-4.418
3.983
0.000
-5.883
0.025
0.000
-0.222
1.490
0.000
-1.687
4.596
0.000
-4.335
6.705
0.000
-6.637
3.845
0.000
-4.846
5.954
0.000
-7.147

(tf)
at 2d
2.309
-1.970
3.729
-3.196
2.868
-1.267
4.287
-2.494
1.902
-2.569
2.846
-3.512
-0.126
-0.285
0.818
-1.229
2.810
-2.549
4.036
-3.969
2.107
-3.108
3.334
-4.527

(3)81054792.xls, Sum MSN

77/117

(3)81054792.xls, Sum MSN

78/117

(3)81054792.xls, Sum MSN

Calculation of Required Reinforcement Bar


5-1 Calculation of Required Reinforcement Bar
1) At Joint "A"of side wall
Case.1
M=
1.5900 tfm
N=
4.5960 tf
S0=
4.4185 tf
S2d=
2.5685 tf

ca =
sa =
n=

Goal Seek
60 kgf/m2
1400 kgf/m2
24

h=
d=
d' =
c=
b=

e = M/N =
34.5946 cm
Solving the fomula shown below, c =
31.3325 kgf/cm2
(
c^3+{3sa/(2n) - 3N(e+c)/(bd^2)}c^2 - 6N(e+c)sac/(nbd^2) - 3N(e+c)sa^2/(n^2bd^2) = 0
0 = c^3
c^2
+72.99
-1692.85 c
-49374.67
s = nc/(nc+sa) =
0.3494
Asreq = (c*s/2 - N/(bd))bd/sa =
4.5376 cm2

25 cm (height of member)
20 cm (effective height of member)
5 cm (protective covering depth)
7.50 cm (distance from neutral axis)
100 cm
0 kgf/cm2)

o.k.

Case.2
M=
N=
S0=
S2d=

ca =
sa =
n=

2.1964 tfm
6.7047 tf
5.8832 tf
3.5125 tf

60 kgf/m2
1400 kgf/m2
24

h=
d=
d' =
c=
b=

e = M/N =
32.7593 cm
Solving the fomula shown below, c =
38.9162 kgf/cm2
(
c^3+{3sa/(2n) - 3N(e+c)/(bd^2)}c^2 - 6N(e+c)sac/(nbd^2) - 3N(e+c)sa^2/(n^2bd^2) = 0
0 = c^3
c^2
+67.26
-2361.84 c
-68887.05
s = nc/(nc+sa) =
0.4002
Asreq = (c*s/2 - N/(bd))bd/sa =
6.3346 cm2

25 cm (height of member)
20 cm (effective height of member)
5 cm (protective covering depth)
7.50 cm (distance from neutral axis)
100 cm
0 kgf/cm2)

o.k.

Case.3
M=
N=
S0=
S2d=

ca =
sa =
n=

0.6800 tfm
3.8455 tf
0.2224 tf
0.2854 tf

60 kgf/m2
1400 kgf/m2
24

h=
d=
d' =
c=
b=

e = M/N =
17.6818 cm
Solving the fomula shown below, c =
20.4316 kgf/cm2
(
c^3+{3sa/(2n) - 3N(e+c)/(bd^2)}c^2 - 6N(e+c)sac/(nbd^2) - 3N(e+c)sa^2/(n^2bd^2) = 0
0 = c^3
c^2
+80.24
-847.32 c
-24713.45
s = nc/(nc+sa) =
0.2594
Asreq = (c*s/2 - N/(bd))bd/sa =
1.0389 cm2

25 cm (height of member)
20 cm (effective height of member)
5 cm (protective covering depth)
7.50 cm (distance from neutral axis)
100 cm
0 kgf/cm2)

o.k.

Case.4
M=
N=
S0=
S2d=

ca =
sa =
n=

1.2864 tfm
5.9541 tf
1.6871 tf
1.2293 tf

60 kgf/m2
1400 kgf/m2
24

h=
d=
d' =
c=
b=

e = M/N =
21.6047 cm
Solving the fomula shown below, c =
29.2154 kgf/cm2
(
c^3+{3sa/(2n) - 3N(e+c)/(bd^2)}c^2 - 6N(e+c)sac/(nbd^2) - 3N(e+c)sa^2/(n^2bd^2) = 0
0 = c^3
c^2
+74.5
-1516.31 c
-44225.83
s = nc/(nc+sa) =
0.3337
Asreq = (c*s/2 - N/(bd))bd/sa =
2.7109 cm2
The maximum requirement of reinforcement bar is
Case.
Requirement

2) At Joint "B"of side wall


Case.1
M=
1.0348 tfm
N=
3.3960 tf
S0=
2.5187 tf
S2d=
1.9021 tf

1
4.5376

6.3346 cm2 in Case.


2
6.3346

ca =
sa =
n=

3
1.0389

25 cm (height of member)
20 cm (effective height of member)
5 cm (protective covering depth)
7.50 cm (distance from neutral axis)
100 cm
0 kgf/cm2)

o.k.

from above calculation.

4
2.7109 (cm2)

60 kgf/m2
1400 kgf/m2
24

h=
d=
d' =
c=
b=

e = M/N =
30.4697 cm
Solving the fomula shown below, c =
24.3042 kgf/cm2
(
c^3+{3sa/(2n) - 3N(e+c)/(bd^2)}c^2 - 6N(e+c)sac/(nbd^2) - 3N(e+c)sa^2/(n^2bd^2) = 0
0 = c^3
c^2
+77.83
-1128.28 c
-32908.12
s = nc/(nc+sa) =
0.2941
Asreq = (c*s/2 - N/(bd))bd/sa =
2.6800 cm2

25 cm (height of member)
20 cm (effective height of member)
5 cm (protective covering depth)
7.50 cm (distance from neutral axis)
100 cm
0 kgf/cm2)

o.k.

Case.2
M=

1.6412 tfm

ca =

60 kgf/m2

79/ 117

h=

25 cm (height of member)

(4)81054792.xls, R-bar req

N=
S0=
S2d=

5.5047 tf
3.9834 tf
2.8460 tf

sa =
n=

1400 kgf/m2
24

e = M/N =
29.8144 cm
Solving the fomula shown below, c =
32.5591 kgf/cm2
(
c^3+{3sa/(2n) - 3N(e+c)/(bd^2)}c^2 - 6N(e+c)sac/(nbd^2) - 3N(e+c)sa^2/(n^2bd^2) = 0
0 = c^3
c^2
+72.09
-1797.27 c
-52420.49
s = nc/(nc+sa) =
0.3582
Asreq = (c*s/2 - N/(bd))bd/sa =
4.3989 cm2

80/ 117

d=
d' =
c=
b=

20 cm (effective height of member)


5 cm (protective covering depth)
7.50 cm (distance from neutral axis)
100 cm
0 kgf/cm2)

o.k.

(4)81054792.xls, R-bar req

Case.3
M=
N=
S0=
S2d=

ca =
sa =
n=

0.1834 tfm
2.6455 tf
0.0248 tf
0.1261 tf

60 kgf/m2
1400 kgf/m2
24

h=
d=
d' =
c=
b=

e = M/N =
6.9307 cm
Solving the fomula shown below, c =
11.9223 kgf/cm2
(
c^3+{3sa/(2n) - 3N(e+c)/(bd^2)}c^2 - 6N(e+c)sac/(nbd^2) - 3N(e+c)sa^2/(n^2bd^2) = 0
0 = c^3
c^2
+84.64
-334.04 c
-9742.89
s = nc/(nc+sa) =
0.1697
Asreq = (c*s/2 - N/(bd))bd/sa =
0.0000 cm2

25 cm (height of member)
20 cm (effective height of member)
5 cm (protective covering depth)
7.50 cm (distance from neutral axis)
100 cm
0 kgf/cm2)

o.k.

Case.4
M=
N=
S0=
S2d=

ca =
sa =
n=

0.7898 tfm
4.7541 tf
1.4895 tf
0.8179 tf

60 kgf/m2
1400 kgf/m2
24

h=
d=
d' =
c=
b=

e = M/N =
16.6123 cm
Solving the fomula shown below, c =
22.6200 kgf/cm2
(
c^3+{3sa/(2n) - 3N(e+c)/(bd^2)}c^2 - 6N(e+c)sac/(nbd^2) - 3N(e+c)sa^2/(n^2bd^2) = 0
0 = c^3
c^2
+78.9
-1003.04 c
-29255.26
s = nc/(nc+sa) =
0.2794
Asreq = (c*s/2 - N/(bd))bd/sa =
1.1188 cm2
The maximum requirement of reinforcement bar is
Case.
Requirement

3) At Joint "B"of top slab


Case.1
M=
1.0348 tfm
N=
2.5187 tf
S0=
3.3960 tf
S2d=
1.9698 tf

1
2.6800

4.3989 cm2 in Case.


2
4.3989

ca =
sa =
n=

3
0.0000

25 cm (height of member)
20 cm (effective height of member)
5 cm (protective covering depth)
7.50 cm (distance from neutral axis)
100 cm
0 kgf/cm2)

o.k.

from above calculation.

4
1.1188 (cm2)

60 kgf/m2
1400 kgf/m2
24

h=
d=
d' =
c=
b=

e = M/N =
41.0822 cm
Solving the fomula shown below, c =
23.5376 kgf/cm2
(
c^3+{3sa/(2n) - 3N(e+c)/(bd^2)}c^2 - 6N(e+c)sac/(nbd^2) - 3N(e+c)sa^2/(n^2bd^2) = 0
0 = c^3
c^2
+78.32
-1070.71 c
-31228.95
s = nc/(nc+sa) =
0.2875
Asreq = (c*s/2 - N/(bd))bd/sa =
3.0344 cm2

25 cm (height of member)
20 cm (effective height of member)
5 cm (protective covering depth)
7.50 cm (distance from neutral axis)
100 cm
0 kgf/cm2)

o.k.

Case.2
M=
N=
S0=
S2d=

1.6412 tfm
3.9834 tf
5.5047 tf
3.1964 tf

ca =
sa =
n=

60 kgf/m2
1400 kgf/m2
24

h=
d=
d' =
c=
b=

e = M/N =
41.2000 cm
Solving the fomula shown below, c =
31.3869 kgf/cm2
(
c^3+{3sa/(2n) - 3N(e+c)/(bd^2)}c^2 - 6N(e+c)sac/(nbd^2) - 3N(e+c)sa^2/(n^2bd^2) = 0
0 = c^3
c^2
+72.95
-1697.44 c
-49508.81
s = nc/(nc+sa) =
0.3498
Asreq = (c*s/2 - N/(bd))bd/sa =
4.9976 cm2

25 cm (height of member)
20 cm (effective height of member)
5 cm (protective covering depth)
7.50 cm (distance from neutral axis)
100 cm
0 kgf/cm2)

o.k.

Case.3
M=
N=
S0=
S2d=

0.1834 tfm
0.0248 tf
2.6455 tf
1.2672 tf

ca =
sa =
n=

60 kgf/m2
1400 kgf/m2
24

h=
d=
d' =
c=
b=

e = M/N =
738.91 cm
Solving the fomula shown below, c =
8.0001 kgf/cm2
(
c^3+{3sa/(2n) - 3N(e+c)/(bd^2)}c^2 - 6N(e+c)sac/(nbd^2) - 3N(e+c)sa^2/(n^2bd^2) = 0
0 = c^3
c^2
+86.11
-162.06 c
-4726.74
s = nc/(nc+sa) =
0.1206
Asreq = (c*s/2 - N/(bd))bd/sa =
0.6715 cm2

25 cm (height of member)
20 cm (effective height of member)
5 cm (protective covering depth)
7.50 cm (distance from neutral axis)
100 cm
0 kgf/cm2)

o.k.

Case.4
M=
N=
S0=
S2d=

0.7898 tfm
0.0248 tf
4.7541 tf
2.4938 tf

ca =
sa =
n=

60 kgf/m2
1400 kgf/m2
24

81/ 117

h=
d=
d' =
c=
b=

25 cm (height of member)
20 cm (effective height of member)
5 cm (protective covering depth)
7.50 cm (distance from neutral axis)
100 cm

(4)81054792.xls, R-bar req

e = M/N =
3182.82 cm
Solving the fomula shown below, c =
18.1280 kgf/cm2
(
c^3+{3sa/(2n) - 3N(e+c)/(bd^2)}c^2 - 6N(e+c)sac/(nbd^2) - 3N(e+c)sa^2/(n^2bd^2) = 0
0 = c^3
c^2
+81.56
-692.68 c
-20203.08
s = nc/(nc+sa) =
0.2371
Asreq = (c*s/2 - N/(bd))bd/sa =
3.0522 cm2
The maximum requirement of reinforcement bar is
Case.
Requirement

1
3.0344

4.9976 cm2 in Case.


2
4.9976

3
0.6715

82/ 117

0 kgf/cm2)

o.k.

from above calculation.

4
3.0522 (cm2)

(4)81054792.xls, R-bar req

4) At Joint "A"of invert


Case.1
M=
N=
S0=
S2d=

ca =
sa =
n=

1.5900 tfm
4.4185 tf
4.5960 tf
2.8098 tf

60 kgf/m2
1400 kgf/m2
24

h=
d=
d' =
c=
b=

e = M/N =
35.9848 cm
Solving the fomula shown below, c =
31.1945 kgf/cm2
(
c^3+{3sa/(2n) - 3N(e+c)/(bd^2)}c^2 - 6N(e+c)sac/(nbd^2) - 3N(e+c)sa^2/(n^2bd^2) = 0
0 = c^3
c^2
+73.09
-1681.19 c
-49034.81
s = nc/(nc+sa) =
0.3484
Asreq = (c*s/2 - N/(bd))bd/sa =
4.6077 cm2

25 cm (height of member)
20 cm (effective height of member)
5 cm (protective covering depth)
7.50 cm (distance from neutral axis)
100 cm
0 kgf/cm2)

o.k.

Case.2
M=
N=
S0=
S2d=

ca =
sa =
n=

2.1964 tfm
5.8832 tf
6.7047 tf
4.0364 tf

60 kgf/m2
1400 kgf/m2
24

h=
d=
d' =
c=
b=

e = M/N =
37.3336 cm
Solving the fomula shown below, c =
38.3259 kgf/cm2
(
c^3+{3sa/(2n) - 3N(e+c)/(bd^2)}c^2 - 6N(e+c)sac/(nbd^2) - 3N(e+c)sa^2/(n^2bd^2) = 0
0 = c^3
c^2
+67.72
-2307.93 c
-67314.67
s = nc/(nc+sa) =
0.3965
Asreq = (c*s/2 - N/(bd))bd/sa =
6.6523 cm2

25 cm (height of member)
20 cm (effective height of member)
5 cm (protective covering depth)
7.50 cm (distance from neutral axis)
100 cm
0 kgf/cm2)

o.k.

Case.3
M=
N=
S0=
S2d=

ca =
sa =
n=

0.6800 tfm
0.2224 tf
3.8455 tf
2.1072 tf

60 kgf/m2
1400 kgf/m2
24

h=
d=
d' =
c=
b=

e = M/N =
305.6833 cm
Solving the fomula shown below, c =
16.8183 kgf/cm2
(
c^3+{3sa/(2n) - 3N(e+c)/(bd^2)}c^2 - 6N(e+c)sac/(nbd^2) - 3N(e+c)sa^2/(n^2bd^2) = 0
0 = c^3
c^2
+82.28
-609.56 c
-17778.70
s = nc/(nc+sa) =
0.2238
Asreq = (c*s/2 - N/(bd))bd/sa =
2.5295 cm2

25 cm (height of member)
20 cm (effective height of member)
5 cm (protective covering depth)
7.50 cm (distance from neutral axis)
100 cm
0 kgf/cm2)

o.k.

Case.4
M=
N=
S0=
S2d=

ca =
sa =
n=

1.2864 tfm
1.6871 tf
5.9541 tf
3.3338 tf

60 kgf/m2
1400 kgf/m2
24

h=
d=
d' =
c=
b=

e = M/N =
76.2460 cm
Solving the fomula shown below, c =
25.7138 kgf/cm2
(
c^3+{3sa/(2n) - 3N(e+c)/(bd^2)}c^2 - 6N(e+c)sac/(nbd^2) - 3N(e+c)sa^2/(n^2bd^2) = 0
0 = c^3
c^2
+76.9
-1236.29 c
-36058.56
s = nc/(nc+sa) =
0.3059
Asreq = (c*s/2 - N/(bd))bd/sa =
4.4142 cm2
The maximum requirement of reinforcement bar is
Case.
Requirement

5) At Middle of side wall (between A and B)


Case.1
M=
0.6405 tfm
N=

4.0140 tf

1
4.6077

6.6523 cm2 in Case.


2
6.6523

ca =
sa =
n=

3
2.5295

25 cm (height of member)
20 cm (effective height of member)
5 cm (protective covering depth)
7.50 cm (distance from neutral axis)
100 cm
0 kgf/cm2)

o.k.

from above calculation.

60 kgf/m2
1400 kgf/m2
24

4.4142 (cm2)

h=
d=
d' =
c=
b=

25 cm (height of member)
20 cm (effective height of member)
5 cm (protective covering depth)
7.50 cm (distance from neutral axis)
100 cm

e = M/N =
15.9566 cm
Solving the fomula shown below, c =
20.0915 kgf/cm2
(
0 kgf/cm2) o.k.
c^3+{3sa/(2n) - 3N(e+c)/(bd^2)}c^2 - 6N(e+c)sac/(nbd^2) - 3N(e+c)sa^2/(n^2bd^2) = 0
0 = c^3
c^2
+80.44
-823.85 c
-24029.00
s = nc/(nc+sa) =
0.2562
Asreq = (c*s/2 - N/(bd))bd/sa =
0.8094 cm2
Tensile is on inside of member

Case.2
M=
N=

0.8574 tfm
6.1173 tf

ca =
sa =
n=

60 kgf/m2
1400 kgf/m2
24

83/ 117

h=
d=
d' =
c=

25 cm (height of member)
20 cm (effective height of member)
5 cm (protective covering depth)
7.50 cm (distance from neutral axis)
(4)81054792.xls, R-bar req

b=
100 cm
e = M/N =
14.0166 cm
Solving the fomula shown below, c =
24.6130 kgf/cm2
(
0 kgf/cm2) o.k.
c^3+{3sa/(2n) - 3N(e+c)/(bd^2)}c^2 - 6N(e+c)sac/(nbd^2) - 3N(e+c)sa^2/(n^2bd^2) = 0
0 = c^3
c^2
+77.63
-1151.72 c
-33591.70
s = nc/(nc+sa) =
0.2967
Asreq = (c*s/2 - N/(bd))bd/sa =
0.8473 cm2
Tensile is on inside of member

84/ 117

(4)81054792.xls, R-bar req

Case.3
M=
N=

ca =
sa =
n=

0.1826 tfm
2.6765 tf

60 kgf/m2
1400 kgf/m2
24

h=
d=
d' =
c=
b=

25 cm (height of member)
20 cm (effective height of member)
5 cm (protective covering depth)
7.50 cm (distance from neutral axis)
100 cm

e = M/N =
6.8235 cm
Solving the fomula shown below, c =
11.9510 kgf/cm2
(
0 kgf/cm2) o.k.
c^3+{3sa/(2n) - 3N(e+c)/(bd^2)}c^2 - 6N(e+c)sac/(nbd^2) - 3N(e+c)sa^2/(n^2bd^2) = 0
0 = c^3
c^2
+84.62
-335.45 c
-9783.97
s = nc/(nc+sa) =
0.1700
Asreq = (c*s/2 - N/(bd))bd/sa =
0.0000 cm2
Tensile is on outside of member
Case.4
M=
N=

ca =
sa =
n=

0.1169 tfm
5.2498 tf

60 kgf/m2
1400 kgf/m2
24

h=
d=
d' =
c=
b=

25 cm (height of member)
20 cm (effective height of member)
5 cm (protective covering depth)
7.50 cm (distance from neutral axis)
100 cm

e = M/N =
2.2270 cm
Solving the fomula shown below, c =
14.0580 kgf/cm2
(
0 kgf/cm2) o.k.
c^3+{3sa/(2n) - 3N(e+c)/(bd^2)}c^2 - 6N(e+c)sac/(nbd^2) - 3N(e+c)sa^2/(n^2bd^2) = 0
0 = c^3
c^2
+83.67
-446.82 c
-13032.22
s = nc/(nc+sa) =
0.1942
Asreq = (c*s/2 - N/(bd))bd/sa =
0.0000 cm2
Tensile is on outside of member
The maximum requirement of reinforcement bar is
Case.
Requirement
Side

1
0.8094
inside

6) At Middle of top slab (between B and C)


Case.1
M=
0.5825 tfm
N=

2.5187 tf

0.8473 cm2 in Case.


2
0.8473
inside

ca =
sa =
n=

3
outside

4
outside

60 kgf/m2
1400 kgf/m2
24

from above calculation.

(cm2)

h=
d=
d' =
c=
b=

25 cm (height of member)
20 cm (effective height of member)
5 cm (protective covering depth)
7.50 cm (distance from neutral axis)
100 cm

e = M/N =
23.1254 cm
Solving the fomula shown below, c =
17.8538 kgf/cm2
(
0 kgf/cm2) o.k.
c^3+{3sa/(2n) - 3N(e+c)/(bd^2)}c^2 - 6N(e+c)sac/(nbd^2) - 3N(e+c)sa^2/(n^2bd^2) = 0
0 = c^3
c^2
+81.71
-674.96 c
-19686.20
s = nc/(nc+sa) =
0.2343
Asreq = (c*s/2 - N/(bd))bd/sa =
1.1894 cm2
Tensile is on inside of member

Case.2
M=
N=

0.9842 tfm
3.9834 tf

ca =
sa =
n=

60 kgf/m2
1400 kgf/m2
24

h=
d=
d' =
c=
b=

25 cm (height of member)
20 cm (effective height of member)
5 cm (protective covering depth)
7.50 cm (distance from neutral axis)
100 cm

e = M/N =
24.7081 cm
Solving the fomula shown below, c =
24.2291 kgf/cm2
(
0 kgf/cm2) o.k.
c^3+{3sa/(2n) - 3N(e+c)/(bd^2)}c^2 - 6N(e+c)sac/(nbd^2) - 3N(e+c)sa^2/(n^2bd^2) = 0
0 = c^3
c^2
+77.88
-1122.62 c
-32743.07
s = nc/(nc+sa) =
0.2935
Asreq = (c*s/2 - N/(bd))bd/sa =
2.2335 cm2
Tensile is on inside of member
Case.3
M=
N=

0.8322 tfm
0.0248 tf

ca =
sa =
n=

60 kgf/m2
1400 kgf/m2
24

h=
d=
d' =
c=
b=

25 cm (height of member)
20 cm (effective height of member)
5 cm (protective covering depth)
7.50 cm (distance from neutral axis)
100 cm

e = M/N =
3353.8895 cm
Solving the fomula shown below, c =
18.6958 kgf/cm2
(
0 kgf/cm2) o.k.
c^3+{3sa/(2n) - 3N(e+c)/(bd^2)}c^2 - 6N(e+c)sac/(nbd^2) - 3N(e+c)sa^2/(n^2bd^2) = 0
0 = c^3
c^2
+81.24
-729.82 c
-21286.39
s = nc/(nc+sa) =
0.2427
Asreq = (c*s/2 - N/(bd))bd/sa =
3.2235 cm2
Tensile is on inside of member
Case.4
M=
N=

e = M/N =

1.2101 tfm
0.0248 tf

ca =
sa =
n=

60 kgf/m2
1400 kgf/m2
24

h=
d=
d' =
c=
b=

25 cm (height of member)
20 cm (effective height of member)
5 cm (protective covering depth)
7.50 cm (distance from neutral axis)
100 cm

4876.8077 cm
85/ 117

(4)81054792.xls, R-bar req

Solving the fomula shown below, c =


23.3996 kgf/cm2
(
0 kgf/cm2) o.k.
c^3+{3sa/(2n) - 3N(e+c)/(bd^2)}c^2 - 6N(e+c)sac/(nbd^2) - 3N(e+c)sa^2/(n^2bd^2) = 0
0 = c^3
c^2
+78.41
-1060.47 c
-30930.45
s = nc/(nc+sa) =
0.2863
Asreq = (c*s/2 - N/(bd))bd/sa =
4.7674 cm2
Tensile is on inside of member
The maximum requirement of reinforcement bar is
Case.
Requirement
Side

1
1.1894
inside

4.7674 cm2 in Case.


2
2.2335
inside

3
3.2235
inside

86/ 117

from above calculation.

4
4.7674 (cm2)
inside

(4)81054792.xls, R-bar req

7) At Middle of invert (between D and A)


Case.1
M=
0.7751 tfm
N=

ca =
sa =
n=

4.4185 tf

60 kgf/m2
1400 kgf/m2
24

h=
d=
d' =
c=
b=

25 cm (height of member)
20 cm (effective height of member)
5 cm (protective covering depth)
7.50 cm (distance from neutral axis)
100 cm

e = M/N =
17.5427 cm
Solving the fomula shown below, c =
22.1400 kgf/cm2
(
0 kgf/cm2) o.k.
c^3+{3sa/(2n) - 3N(e+c)/(bd^2)}c^2 - 6N(e+c)sac/(nbd^2) - 3N(e+c)sa^2/(n^2bd^2) = 0
0 = c^3
c^2
+79.2
-968.19 c
-28238.90
s = nc/(nc+sa) =
0.2751
Asreq = (c*s/2 - N/(bd))bd/sa =
1.1948 cm2
Tensile is on inside of member

Case.2
M=
N=

ca =
sa =
n=

1.1730 tfm
5.8832 tf

60 kgf/m2
1400 kgf/m2
24

h=
d=
d' =
c=
b=

25 cm (height of member)
20 cm (effective height of member)
5 cm (protective covering depth)
7.50 cm (distance from neutral axis)
100 cm

e = M/N =
19.9377 cm
Solving the fomula shown below, c =
27.9391 kgf/cm2
(
0 kgf/cm2) o.k.
c^3+{3sa/(2n) - 3N(e+c)/(bd^2)}c^2 - 6N(e+c)sac/(nbd^2) - 3N(e+c)sa^2/(n^2bd^2) = 0
0 = c^3
c^2
+75.39
-1412.43 c
-41195.84
s = nc/(nc+sa) =
0.3238
Asreq = (c*s/2 - N/(bd))bd/sa =
2.2606 cm2
Tensile is on inside of member
Case.3
M=
N=

ca =
sa =
n=

1.0215 tfm
0.2224 tf

60 kgf/m2
1400 kgf/m2
24

h=
d=
d' =
c=
b=

25 cm (height of member)
20 cm (effective height of member)
5 cm (protective covering depth)
7.50 cm (distance from neutral axis)
100 cm

e = M/N =
459.2269 cm
Solving the fomula shown below, c =
21.3043 kgf/cm2
(
0 kgf/cm2) o.k.
c^3+{3sa/(2n) - 3N(e+c)/(bd^2)}c^2 - 6N(e+c)sac/(nbd^2) - 3N(e+c)sa^2/(n^2bd^2) = 0
0 = c^3
c^2
+79.71
-908.4 c
-26495.01
s = nc/(nc+sa) =
0.2675
Asreq = (c*s/2 - N/(bd))bd/sa =
3.9120 cm2
Tensile is on inside of member
Case.4
M=
N=

ca =
sa =
n=

1.4195 tfm
1.6871 tf

60 kgf/m2
1400 kgf/m2
24

h=
d=
d' =
c=
b=

25 cm (height of member)
20 cm (effective height of member)
5 cm (protective covering depth)
7.50 cm (distance from neutral axis)
100 cm

e = M/N =
84.1391 cm
Solving the fomula shown below, c =
27.1953 kgf/cm2
(
0 kgf/cm2) o.k.
c^3+{3sa/(2n) - 3N(e+c)/(bd^2)}c^2 - 6N(e+c)sac/(nbd^2) - 3N(e+c)sa^2/(n^2bd^2) = 0
0 = c^3
c^2
+75.9
-1352.82 c
-39457.10
s = nc/(nc+sa) =
0.3180
Asreq = (c*s/2 - N/(bd))bd/sa =
4.9715 cm2
Tensile is on inside of member
The maximum requirement of reinforcement bar is
Case.
Requirement
Side

8) At Top of partition wall (joint C)


Case.1
M=
1.3740 tfm
N=
S0=
S2d=

2.5187 tf
3.7353 tf
2.3090 tf

1
1.1948
inside

4.9715 cm2 in Case.


2
2.2606
inside

ca =
sa =
n=

3
3.9120
inside

from above calculation.

4
4.9715 (cm2)
inside

60 kgf/m2
1400 kgf/m2
24

h=
d=
d' =
c=
b=

e = M/N =
54.5525 cm
Solving the fomula shown below, c =
27.3793 kgf/cm2
(
c^3+{3sa/(2n) - 3N(e+c)/(bd^2)}c^2 - 6N(e+c)sac/(nbd^2) - 3N(e+c)sa^2/(n^2bd^2) = 0
0 = c^3
c^2
+75.78
-1367.58 c
-39887.73
s = nc/(nc+sa) =
0.3194
Asreq = (c*s/2 - N/(bd))bd/sa =
4.4479 cm2

25 cm (height of member)
20 cm (effective height of member)
5 cm (protective covering depth)
7.50 cm (distance from neutral axis)
100 cm
0 kgf/cm2)

o.k.

Case.2
M=
N=
S0=

2.1734 tfm
3.9834 tf
6.0368 tf

ca =
sa =
n=

60 kgf/m2
1400 kgf/m2
24
87/ 117

h=
d=
d' =

25 cm (height of member)
20 cm (effective height of member)
5 cm (protective covering depth)
(4)81054792.xls, R-bar req

S2d=

3.7285 tf

c=
b=

e = M/N =
54.5600 cm
Solving the fomula shown below, c =
36.7237 kgf/cm2
(
c^3+{3sa/(2n) - 3N(e+c)/(bd^2)}c^2 - 6N(e+c)sac/(nbd^2) - 3N(e+c)sa^2/(n^2bd^2) = 0
0 = c^3
c^2
+68.96
-2163.11 c
-63090.80
s = nc/(nc+sa) =
0.3863
Asreq = (c*s/2 - N/(bd))bd/sa =
7.2887 cm2

88/ 117

7.50 cm (distance from neutral axis)


100 cm
0 kgf/cm2)

o.k.

(4)81054792.xls, R-bar req

Case.3
M=
N=
S0=
S2d=

ca =
sa =
n=

1.7837 tfm
0.0248 tf
4.2459 tf
2.8676 tf

60 kgf/m2
1400 kgf/m2
24

h=
d=
d' =
c=
b=

e = M/N =
7188.46 cm
Solving the fomula shown below, c =
29.7731 kgf/cm2
(
c^3+{3sa/(2n) - 3N(e+c)/(bd^2)}c^2 - 6N(e+c)sac/(nbd^2) - 3N(e+c)sa^2/(n^2bd^2) = 0
0 = c^3
c^2
+74.11
-1562.37 c
-45569.25
s = nc/(nc+sa) =
0.3379
Asreq = (c*s/2 - N/(bd))bd/sa =
7.1687 cm2

25 cm (height of member)
20 cm (effective height of member)
5 cm (protective covering depth)
7.50 cm (distance from neutral axis)
100 cm
0 kgf/cm2)

o.k.

Case.4
M=
N=
S0=
S2d=

ca =
sa =
n=

2.5830 tfm
0.0248 tf
6.5474 tf
4.2871 tf

60 kgf/m2
1400 kgf/m2
24

h=
d=
d' =
c=
b=

e = M/N =
10409.8 cm
Solving the fomula shown below, c =
37.8189 kgf/cm2
(
c^3+{3sa/(2n) - 3N(e+c)/(bd^2)}c^2 - 6N(e+c)sac/(nbd^2) - 3N(e+c)sa^2/(n^2bd^2) = 0
0 = c^3
c^2
+68.11
-2261.79 c
-65968.79
s = nc/(nc+sa) =
0.3933
Asreq = (c*s/2 - N/(bd))bd/sa =
10.6073 cm2
The maximum requirement of reinforcement bar is
Case.
Requirement

9) At Bottom of partition wall (joint D)


Case.1
M=
1.3293 tfm
N=
S0=
S2d=

4.4185 tf
4.3353 tf
2.5490 tf

1
4.4479

10.6073 cm2 in Case.


2
7.2887

ca =
sa =
n=

3
7.1687

25 cm (height of member)
20 cm (effective height of member)
5 cm (protective covering depth)
7.50 cm (distance from neutral axis)
100 cm
0 kgf/cm2)

o.k.

from above calculation.

4
10.6073 (cm2)

60 kgf/m2
1400 kgf/m2
24

h=
d=
d' =
c=
b=

e = M/N =
30.0842 cm
Solving the fomula shown below, c =
28.4400 kgf/cm2
(
c^3+{3sa/(2n) - 3N(e+c)/(bd^2)}c^2 - 6N(e+c)sac/(nbd^2) - 3N(e+c)sa^2/(n^2bd^2) = 0
0 = c^3
c^2
+75.05
-1453.07 c
-42381.10
s = nc/(nc+sa) =
0.3278
Asreq = (c*s/2 - N/(bd))bd/sa =
3.5020 cm2

25 cm (height of member)
20 cm (effective height of member)
5 cm (protective covering depth)
7.50 cm (distance from neutral axis)
100 cm
0 kgf/cm2)

o.k.

Case.2
M=
N=
S0=
S2d=

2.1286 tfm
5.8832 tf
6.6368 tf
3.9685 tf

ca =
sa =
n=

60 kgf/m2
1400 kgf/m2
24

h=
d=
d' =
c=
b=

e = M/N =
36.1810 cm
Solving the fomula shown below, c =
37.6719 kgf/cm2
(
c^3+{3sa/(2n) - 3N(e+c)/(bd^2)}c^2 - 6N(e+c)sac/(nbd^2) - 3N(e+c)sa^2/(n^2bd^2) = 0
0 = c^3
c^2
+68.23
-2248.6 c
-65584.17
s = nc/(nc+sa) =
0.3924
Asreq = (c*s/2 - N/(bd))bd/sa =
6.3565 cm2

25 cm (height of member)
20 cm (effective height of member)
5 cm (protective covering depth)
7.50 cm (distance from neutral axis)
100 cm
0 kgf/cm2)

o.k.

Case.3
M=
N=
S0=
S2d=

1.6803 tfm
0.2224 tf
4.8459 tf
3.1076 tf

ca =
sa =
n=

60 kgf/m2
1400 kgf/m2
24

h=
d=
d' =
c=
b=

e = M/N =
755.4109 cm
Solving the fomula shown below, c =
28.8316 kgf/cm2
(
c^3+{3sa/(2n) - 3N(e+c)/(bd^2)}c^2 - 6N(e+c)sac/(nbd^2) - 3N(e+c)sa^2/(n^2bd^2) = 0
0 = c^3
c^2
+74.77
-1484.87 c
-43308.70
s = nc/(nc+sa) =
0.3308
Asreq = (c*s/2 - N/(bd))bd/sa =
6.6530 cm2

25 cm (height of member)
20 cm (effective height of member)
5 cm (protective covering depth)
7.50 cm (distance from neutral axis)
100 cm
0 kgf/cm2)

o.k.

Case.4
M=
N=
S0=
S2d=

2.4796 tfm
1.6871 tf
7.1474 tf
4.5271 tf

ca =
sa =
n=

60 kgf/m2
1400 kgf/m2
24

89/ 117

h=
d=
d' =
c=
b=

25 cm (height of member)
20 cm (effective height of member)
5 cm (protective covering depth)
7.50 cm (distance from neutral axis)
100 cm

(4)81054792.xls, R-bar req

e = M/N =
146.9735 cm
Solving the fomula shown below, c =
38.0243 kgf/cm2
(
c^3+{3sa/(2n) - 3N(e+c)/(bd^2)}c^2 - 6N(e+c)sac/(nbd^2) - 3N(e+c)sa^2/(n^2bd^2) = 0
0 = c^3
c^2
+67.95
-2280.4 c
-66511.77
s = nc/(nc+sa) =
0.3946
Asreq = (c*s/2 - N/(bd))bd/sa =
9.5128 cm2
The maximum requirement of reinforcement bar is
Case.
Requirement

1
3.5020

9.5128 cm2 in Case.


2
6.3565

3
6.6530

90/ 117

0 kgf/cm2)

o.k.

from above calculation.

4
9.5128 (cm2)

(4)81054792.xls, R-bar req

10) At Middle of partition wall


Case.1
M=
0.0000 tfm
N=
8.0706 tf
S0=
0.0000 tf

ca =
sa =
n=

60 kgf/m2
1400 kgf/m2
24

h=
d=
d' =
c=
b=

e = M/N =
0.0000 cm
Solving the fomula shown below, c =
15.5007 kgf/cm2
(
c^3+{3sa/(2n) - 3N(e+c)/(bd^2)}c^2 - 6N(e+c)sac/(nbd^2) - 3N(e+c)sa^2/(n^2bd^2) = 0
0 = c^3
c^2
+82.96
-529.63 c
-15447.68
s = nc/(nc+sa) =
0.2099
Asreq = (c*s/2 - N/(bd))bd/sa =
0.0000 cm2

25 cm (height of member)
20 cm (effective height of member)
5 cm (protective covering depth)
7.50 cm (distance from neutral axis)
100 cm
0 kgf/cm2)

o.k.

Case.2
M=
N=
S0=

ca =
sa =
n=

0.0000 tfm
12.6737 tf
0.0000 tf

60 kgf/m2
1400 kgf/m2
24

h=
d=
d' =
c=
b=

e = M/N =
0.0000 cm
Solving the fomula shown below, c =
20.2061 kgf/cm2
(
c^3+{3sa/(2n) - 3N(e+c)/(bd^2)}c^2 - 6N(e+c)sac/(nbd^2) - 3N(e+c)sa^2/(n^2bd^2) = 0
0 = c^3
c^2
+80.37
-831.71 c
-24258.24
s = nc/(nc+sa) =
0.2573
Asreq = (c*s/2 - N/(bd))bd/sa =
0.0000 cm2

25 cm (height of member)
20 cm (effective height of member)
5 cm (protective covering depth)
7.50 cm (distance from neutral axis)
100 cm
0 kgf/cm2)

o.k.

Case.3
M=
N=
S0=

ca =
sa =
n=

0.0000 tfm
9.0917 tf
0.0000 tf

60 kgf/m2
1400 kgf/m2
24

h=
d=
d' =
c=
b=

e = M/N =
0.0000 cm
Solving the fomula shown below, c =
16.6097 kgf/cm2
(
c^3+{3sa/(2n) - 3N(e+c)/(bd^2)}c^2 - 6N(e+c)sac/(nbd^2) - 3N(e+c)sa^2/(n^2bd^2) = 0
0 = c^3
c^2
+82.39
-596.64 c
-17402.09
s = nc/(nc+sa) =
0.2216
Asreq = (c*s/2 - N/(bd))bd/sa =
0.0000 cm2

25 cm (height of member)
20 cm (effective height of member)
5 cm (protective covering depth)
7.50 cm (distance from neutral axis)
100 cm
0 kgf/cm2)

o.k.

Case.4
M=
N=
S0=

ca =
sa =
n=

0.0000 tfm
13.6948 tf
0.0000 tf

60 kgf/m2
1400 kgf/m2
24

h=
d=
d' =
c=
b=

e = M/N =
0.0000 cm
Solving the fomula shown below, c =
21.1666 kgf/cm2
(
c^3+{3sa/(2n) - 3N(e+c)/(bd^2)}c^2 - 6N(e+c)sac/(nbd^2) - 3N(e+c)sa^2/(n^2bd^2) = 0
0 = c^3
c^2
+79.8
-898.72 c
-26212.64
s = nc/(nc+sa) =
0.2662
Asreq = (c*s/2 - N/(bd))bd/sa =
0.0000 cm2
The maximum requirement of reinforcement bar is
Case.
Requirement

1
0.0000

0.0000 cm2 in Case.


2
0.0000

3
0.0000

25 cm (height of member)
20 cm (effective height of member)
5 cm (protective covering depth)
7.50 cm (distance from neutral axis)
100 cm
0 kgf/cm2)

o.k.

from above calculation.

4
0.0000 (cm2)

11) Summary of required reinforcement


Required reinforcement for design is the maximum required reinforcment calculated above in 1) - 4).
Item
Point
Side
Calculation
Requirment

Side wall
botom
outside
1)
6.3346

Side wall
top
outside
2)
4.3989

Top slab
end
outside
3)
4.9976

Invert
end
outside
4)
6.6523

91/ 117

Side wall
middle
inside
5)
0.8473

Top slab
middle
inside
6)
4.7674

Invert
middle
inside
7)
4.9715

Top slab
joint C
outside
8)
10.6073

Invert
joind D
outside
9)
9.5128

Par. Wall
middle
both
10)
0.0000

(4)81054792.xls, R-bar req

Goal Seek

cm (effective height of member)


cm (protective covering depth)
cm (distance from neutral axis)
d
d1

cm (effective height of member)


cm (protective covering depth)
cm (distance from neutral axis)

cm (effective height of member)


cm (protective covering depth)
cm (distance from neutral axis)

cm (effective height of member)


cm (protective covering depth)
cm (distance from neutral axis)

cm (effective height of member)


cm (protective covering depth)
cm (distance from neutral axis)
d
d1

92/ 117

(4)81054792.xls, R-bar req

cm (effective height of member)


cm (protective covering depth)
cm (distance from neutral axis)

93/ 117

(4)81054792.xls, R-bar req

cm (effective height of member)


cm (protective covering depth)
cm (distance from neutral axis)

cm (effective height of member)


cm (protective covering depth)
cm (distance from neutral axis)

cm (effective height of member)


cm (protective covering depth)
cm (distance from neutral axis)
d
d1

cm (effective height of member)


cm (protective covering depth)
cm (distance from neutral axis)

cm (effective height of member)


cm (protective covering depth)
cm (distance from neutral axis)

cm (effective height of member)


cm (protective covering depth)
cm (distance from neutral axis)

94/ 117

(4)81054792.xls, R-bar req

95/ 117

(4)81054792.xls, R-bar req

cm (effective height of member)


cm (protective covering depth)
cm (distance from neutral axis)
d
d1

cm (effective height of member)


cm (protective covering depth)
cm (distance from neutral axis)

cm (effective height of member)


cm (protective covering depth)
cm (distance from neutral axis)

cm (effective height of member)


cm (protective covering depth)
cm (distance from neutral axis)

cm (effective height of member)


cm (protective covering depth)
cm (distance from neutral axis)
d
d1

cm (effective height of member)


cm (protective covering depth)
cm (distance from neutral axis)
96/ 117

(4)81054792.xls, R-bar req

97/ 117

(4)81054792.xls, R-bar req

cm (effective height of member)


cm (protective covering depth)
cm (distance from neutral axis)

cm (effective height of member)


cm (protective covering depth)
cm (distance from neutral axis)

cm (effective height of member)


cm (protective covering depth)
cm (distance from neutral axis)
d
d1

cm (effective height of member)


cm (protective covering depth)
cm (distance from neutral axis)

cm (effective height of member)


cm (protective covering depth)
cm (distance from neutral axis)

cm (effective height of member)


cm (protective covering depth)
cm (distance from neutral axis)

98/ 117

(4)81054792.xls, R-bar req

99/ 117

(4)81054792.xls, R-bar req

cm (effective height of member)


cm (protective covering depth)
cm (distance from neutral axis)
d
d1

cm (effective height of member)


cm (protective covering depth)
cm (distance from neutral axis)

cm (effective height of member)


cm (protective covering depth)
cm (distance from neutral axis)

cm (effective height of member)


cm (protective covering depth)
cm (distance from neutral axis)

cm (effective height of member)


cm (protective covering depth)
cm (distance from neutral axis)
d
d1

cm (effective height of member)


cm (protective covering depth)
100/ 117

(4)81054792.xls, R-bar req

cm (distance from neutral axis)

101/ 117

(4)81054792.xls, R-bar req

cm (effective height of member)


cm (protective covering depth)
cm (distance from neutral axis)

cm (effective height of member)


cm (protective covering depth)
cm (distance from neutral axis)

cm (effective height of member)


cm (protective covering depth)
cm (distance from neutral axis)
d
d1

cm (effective height of member)


cm (protective covering depth)
cm (distance from neutral axis)

cm (effective height of member)


cm (protective covering depth)
cm (distance from neutral axis)

cm (effective height of member)


cm (protective covering depth)
cm (distance from neutral axis)

102/ 117

(4)81054792.xls, R-bar req

103/ 117

(4)81054792.xls, R-bar req

cm (effective height of member)


cm (protective covering depth)
cm (distance from neutral axis)
d
d1

cm (effective height of member)


cm (protective covering depth)
cm (distance from neutral axis)

cm (effective height of member)


cm (protective covering depth)
cm (distance from neutral axis)

cm (effective height of member)


cm (protective covering depth)
cm (distance from neutral axis)

(cm2)

104/ 117

(4)81054792.xls, R-bar req

6 Bar Arrangement and Calculation of Stress

Bending moment
Shearing force (joint)
Shearing force (2d)
Axial force
Height of member
Covering depth
Effective height
Effective width
Effective area
Young's modulus ratio
Required R-bar

M
S
S2d
N
h
d'
d
b
bd
n

kgfcm
kgf
kgf
kgf
cm
cm
cm
cm
cm2
-

Asreq

cm2

R-bar arrangement

6.335
12@250

Reinforcement
Permeter of R-bar
M/N
Dist. from neutral axis

As
U
e
c
a'
b'

cm2

cm
cm

c'

x
(check)
Compressive stress
Allowable stress

c
ca

kgf/cm2
kgf/cm2

Tensile stress
Allowable stress

s
sa

kgf/cm2
kgf/cm2

Shearing stress at joint


Allowable stress

kgf/cm2
kgf/cm2

2d
2da

kgf/cm2
kgf/cm2

Shearing stress at 2d
Allowable stress

p = As/(bd)
k = (2np+(np)^2)^0.5-np
j = 1-k/3
Resisting Moment
Mr for compression
x for Mrc
s for Mrc
Mr for tensile
x for Mrs
c for Mrs

Type: B1.75m x H2.00m x 2


Side wall
bottom
middle
top
outside
inside
outside
219,640
85,745
164,118
5,883
0
3,983
3,512
2,846
6,705
6,117
5,505
25
25
25
5
5
5
20
20
20
100
100
100
2000
2000
2000
24
24
24

Mr
Mrc

Mrs

Distribution bar (>As/6 and >Asmin)


Reinforcement
As

kgfcm
kgfcm
cm
kgf/cm2
kgfcm
cm
kgf/cm2

cm2

0.847
12@125

4.399
12@250

Goal Seek
Top slab
end
outside
164,118
5,505
3,196
2,519
25
5
20
100
2000
24
4.998
12@250

4.52
15.08
32.759
7.50
60.8
262.0
-5240.8
7.07
0.000
ok

9.05
30.16
14.017
7.50
4.5
280.4
-5608.1
11.83
0.000
ok

4.52
15.08
29.814
7.50
51.9
242.9
-4857.4
7.24
0.000
ok

4.52
15.08
65.158
7.50
158.0
472.9
-9458.4
6.28
0.000
ok

43.29
60.00

13.86
60.00

32.27
60.00

32.53
60.00

229.82
1400.00
ok
0.00
11.00
ok
-

ok
1365.97
1400.00
ok
1.99
11.00
ok
1.42
5.50
ok

ok
1704.02
1400.00
check
2.75
11.00
ok
1.60
5.50
ok

0.00226
0.27956
0.90681

0.00453
0.36993
0.87669

0.00226
0.27956
0.90681

0.00226
0.27956
0.90681

278,512
303,090
6.620
2910.5
278,512
9.453
52.3

380,599
380,599
8.239
2055.4
473,674
11.350
76.5

251,930
302,794
6.422
3044.6
251,930
9.008
47.8

190,960
302,983
5.956
3395.7
190,960
7.789
37.2

12@250
4.52

12@250
4.52

12@250
4.52

12@250
4.52

ok
1901.24
1400.00
check
2.94
11.00
ok
1.76
5.50
ok

105/117

ok

(5)81054792.xls, R-bar stress

Reinforcement bar for fillet


Reinforcement

As

cm2

ok
Err:504
Err:504

Minimum requirement of reinforcement bar

ok

As min =

106/117

ok
Err:504
Err:504

ok

4.5 cm2

(5)81054792.xls, R-bar stress

Bending moment
Shearing force (joint)
Shearing force (2d)
Axial force
Height of member
Covering depth
Effective height
Effective width
Effective area
Young's modulus ratio
Required R-bar

M
S
S2d
N
h
d'
d
b
bd
n

kgfcm
kgf
kgf
kgf
cm
cm
cm
cm
cm2
-

Asreq

cm2

R-bar arrangement

end
outside
219,640
6,705
4,036
5,883
25
5
20
100
2000
24

Invert
middle
inside
141,954
0
1,687
25
5
20
100
2000
24

joint D
outside
247,964
7,147
4,527
1,687
25
5
20
100
2000
24

Partition wall
middle
both sides
0
0
8,071
25
5
20
100
2000
24

6.652

4.971

9.513

0.000

12@250

Reinforcement
Permeter of R-bar
M/N
Dist. from neutral axis

As
U
e
c
a'
b'

cm2

cm
cm

c'

x
(check)
Compressive stress
Allowable stress

c
ca

kgf/cm2
kgf/cm2

Tensile stress
Allowable stress

s
sa

kgf/cm2
kgf/cm2

Shearing stress at joint


Allowable stress

kgf/cm2
kgf/cm2

Shearing stress at 2d
Allowable stress

2d
2da

kgf/cm2
kgf/cm2

p = As/(bd)
k = (2np+(np)^2)^0.5-np
j = 1-k/3
Resisting Moment
Mr for compression
x for Mrc
s for Mrc
Mr for tensile
x for Mrs
c for Mrs

Mr
Mrc

Mrs

Distribution bar (>As/6 and >Asmin)


Reinforcement
As

kgfcm
kgfcm
cm
kgf/cm2
kgfcm
cm
kgf/cm2

cm2

12@250

12@125

12@250

4.52
15.08
37.334
7.50
74.5
291.8
-5836.3
6.86
0.000
ok

4.52
15.08
84.139
7.50
214.9
596.5
-11929.2
6.12
0.000
ok

9.05
30.16
146.974
7.50
403.4
2013.1
-40262.0
7.75
0.000
ok

4.52
15.08
0.000
7.50
-37.5
48.8
-976.3
0.00
0.000

43.39
60.00

28.13
60.00

38.63
60.00

3.23
60.00

ok
1993.05
1400.00
check
3.35
11.00
ok
2.02
5.50
ok

ok
1531.26
1400.00
check
0.00
11.00
ok
-

ok
1466.89
1400.00
check
3.57
11.00
ok
2.26
5.50
ok

0.00226
0.27956
0.90681

0.00226
0.27956
0.90681

0.00453
0.36993
0.87669

0.00226
0.27956
0.90681

260,178
302,865
6.484
3001.8
260,178
9.151
49.2

175,188
303,278
5.832
3497.9
175,188
7.414
34.4

356,945
386,481
7.620
2339.5
356,945
9.922
57.4

303,673
303,673
6.853
2762.7
310,374
9.936
57.6

12@250
4.52
ok

12@250
4.52
ok

12@250
4.52
ok
Err:504

12@250
4.52
ok

Reinforcement bar for fillet

107/117

ok
1400.00
0.00
11.00
ok
-

(5)81054792.xls, R-bar stress

Reinforcement

As

Err:504

cm2

Minimum requirement of reinforcement bar

As min =

108/117

4.5 cm2

(5)81054792.xls, R-bar stress

Goal Seek
Top slab
middle
inside
121,011
0
25
25
5
20
100
2000
24

joint C
outside
258,304
6,547
4,287
25
25
5
20
100
2000
24

4.767

10.607

12@250

12@125

4.52
15.08
4876.808
7.50
14592.9
31791.0
-635819.6
5.60
0.000
ok

9.05
30.16
10409.804
7.50
31191.9
135758.3
-2715166.2
7.40
0.000
ok

23.87
60.00

39.83
60.00

ok
1473.19
1400.00
check
0.00
11.00
ok
-

ok
1626.40
1400.00
check
3.27
11.00
ok
2.14
5.50
ok

0.00226
0.27956
0.90681

0.00453
0.36993
0.87669

145,123
304,193
5.595
3707.8
145,123
6.600
28.7

318,464
389,138
7.402
2450.9
318,464
9.330
51.0

12@250
4.52

12@250
4.52

109/117

(5)81054792.xls, R-bar stress

ok

ok
Err:504
Err:504

110/117

(5)81054792.xls, R-bar stress

111/117

(5)81054792.xls, R-bar stress

112/117

(5)81054792.xls, R-bar stress

DATA PLOT PEMBESIAN


h1
h1

h2

Ha
Ha

h3
b1
b1

b3
b3

b2

b1
b1

b4
b4

Bb
Bb

Section of Culvert

1. Design Data
b1 =
0.250
h1 =
0.250
Bb =
4.250

m
m
m

b2 =
h2 =
Ha =

1.750
2.000
2.500

m
m
m

b3 =
h3 =
d =

0.250
0.250
0.05

2. Data Pembesian
Bottom slab :
Tumpuan
Lapangan
:
O 12 @ 250
O 12 @ 250
As1 (cm2)
As2 (cm2)
:
O 12 @ 250
O 12 @ 250
As1 (cm2)
:
O 12 @ 125
(Tumpuan Tengah)
Side wall :
Tumpuan
Lapangan
:
O 12 @ 250
O 12 @ 125
As1 (cm2)
:
O 12 @ 125
O 12 @ 250
As2 (cm2)
As1 (cm2)
:
O 12 @ 250
(Top wall)
Top slab :
Tumpuan
Lapangan
:
O 12 @ 250
O 12 @ 250
As1 (cm2)
:
O 12 @ 250
O 12 @ 250
As2 (cm2)
:
O 12 @ 125
(Tumpuan Tengah)
As1 (cm2)
3. Tulangan Miring (fillet) :
Partition wall :
Bottom slab
:
O ### @ Err:504
O 12 @ 250
Top slab
:
O ### @ Err:504
4.

Nama Bangunan
Lokasi

:
:

Double Box-Culvert Bba.20.a (2.4 m x 1.5 m)


. Irrigation Sub-Project

m
m
m

b4 =
fillet =

1.750
0.150

Tulangan bagi :
O 12 @ 250
O 12

@ 250
(Tumpuan Tepi)
Tulangan bagi :
O 12 @ 250

Tulangan bagi :
O 12 @ 250

m
m

DATA PLOT MOMENT AND SHEAR FORCE DIAGRAM

Ha

b1

b3

b2

Bb

Section of Culvert

1. Design Data
b1 =
h1 =
Bb =

0.250
0.250
4.000

2. Result Calculation
Side wall (left)
Case 1
Case 3

m
m
m

b2 =
h2 =
Ha =

1.750
2.000
2.250

m
m
m

b3 =
h3 =

0.250
0.250

Ma
-1.590
-0.680

Mmax
0.640
-0.183

Mb
-1.035
-0.183

Sa
4.418
0.222

Sb
-2.519
-0.025

Side wall (right)


Case 1
Case 3

Me
-1.035
-0.183

Mmax
0.640
-0.183

Mf
-1.590
-0.680

Se
2.519
0.025

Sf
-4.418
-0.222

Top slab (left)


Case 1
Case 3

Mb
-1.035
-0.183

Mmax
0.582
0.832

Mc
-1.374
-1.784

Sb
3.396
2.645

Sc
-3.735
-4.246

Bottom slab (left)


Case 1
Case 3

Ma
-1.590
-0.680

Mmax
0.775
1.021

Md
-1.329
-1.680

Sa
-4.596
-3.845

Sd
4.335
4.846

Mc

Mmax

Md

Sc

Sd

Partition wall

3.

Case 1
Case 3

0.000
0.000

0.000
0.000

0.000
0.000

0.000
0.000

0.000
0.000

Top slab (right)


Case 1
Case 3

Mc
-1.374
-1.784

Mmax
0.582
0.832

Me
-1.035
-0.183

Sc
3.735
4.246

Se
-3.396
-2.645

Bottom slab (right)


Case 1
Case 3

Md
-1.329
-1.680

Mmax
0.775
1.021

Mf
-1.590
-0.680

Sd
-4.335
-4.846

Sf
4.596
3.845

Nama Bangunan
Lokasi

:
:

Double Box-Culvert Bba.20.a (2.4 m x 1.5 m)


. Irrigation Sub-Project

Case 1
Mmax
Mab =
Mef =
Mmax
Mbc =
Mad =

x
1.091
1.159
0.952
1.029

x1
-0.54
-0.54
y1
-0.30
-0.58

x2
0.16
0.16
y2
0.22
0.15

x3
0.54
0.54
y3
0.51
0.60

x4
0.64
0.64
y4
0.58
0.77

x5
0.49
0.49
y5
0.42
0.67

Ha =

2.250

0.281

0.563

0.844

1.125

1.406

Bb =

2.000

0.250

0.500

0.750

1.000

1.250

Sab

x
2.250

x1
3.09

x2
1.89

x3
0.83

x4
-0.10

x5
-0.91

Mmax
Mab =
Mef =
Mmax
Mbc =
Mad =

x
2.192
0.058
0.768
0.885

x1
-0.61
-0.61
y1
0.37
0.15

x2
-0.53
-0.53
y2
0.71
0.70

x3
-0.44
-0.44
y3
0.83
0.98

x4
-0.36
-0.36
y4
0.74
0.99

x5
-0.29
-0.29
y5
0.43
0.73

Ha =

2.250

0.281

0.563

0.844

1.125

1.406

Bb =

2.000

0.250

0.500

0.750

1.000

1.250

Sab

x
2.250

x1
0.27

x2
0.30

x3
0.30

x4
0.28

x5
0.24

Case 2

h1

h2

h3
b1

b4

Culvert

m
m

b4 =

1.750

Sb
-2.519
-0.025

Na
4.596
3.845

Nb
3.396
2.645

MAB
-1.590
-0.680

MBA
-1.035
-0.183

Sf
-4.418
-0.222

Ne
3.396
2.645

Nf
4.596
3.845

MEF
-1.035
-0.183

MFE
-1.590
-0.680

Sc
-3.735
-4.246

Nb
2.519
0.025

Nc
2.519
0.025

MBC
-1.035
-0.183

MCB
-1.374
-1.784

Sd
4.335
4.846

Na
4.418
0.222

Nd
4.418
0.222

MAD
-1.590
-0.680

MDA
-1.329
-1.680

Sd

Nc

Nd

MCD

MDC

0.000
0.000

7.471
8.492

8.671
9.692

0.000
0.000

0.000
0.000

Se
-3.396
-2.645

Nc
2.519
0.025

Ne
2.519
0.025

MCE
-1.374
-1.784

MEC
-1.035
-0.183

Sf
4.596
3.845

Nd
4.418
0.222

Nf
4.418
0.222

MDF
-1.329
-1.680

MFD
-1.590
-0.680

x5
0.49
0.49
y5
0.42
0.67

x6
0.14
0.14
y6
0.05
0.28

x7
-0.38
-0.38
y7
-0.55
-0.38

1.406

1.688

1.969

1.250

1.500

1.750

x5
-0.91

x6
-1.58

x7
-2.11

x5
-0.29
-0.29
y5
0.43
0.73

x6
-0.23
-0.23
y6
-0.09
0.20

x7
-0.19
-0.19
y7
-0.83
-0.60

1.406

1.688

1.969

1.250

1.500

1.750

x5
0.24

x6
0.17

x7
0.09

q1
4.958
1.208
q1
3.566
4.466

q2
1.208
4.958

q1
-0.215
0.435
q1
3.446
4.346

q2
0.435
-0.215