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Flashing Lights ' I
By Albert L. Daugherty
D E S I G N E D for t e a c h i n g the prlnclples of the vacuum tube, and a one-tube receiver in radio and science classes, this visual demonstration unit is housed in a l a r g e brightly painted c a b i n e t . The wiring d i a g r a m is made of copper, tubing and the various elements have openings behind their diagrammatic r e p r e s e n t a t i o n through which lights shine in the same sequence as the electric impulses travel in a real receiver. The openings are covered with red, yellow and green Cellophane so that the cliirerent electric circuits are easily traced as a revolving switch moves from one set of contacts to another. When the "phone" lights go on a buzzer sounds to indicate that the program is coming in. Photos A and B show front and rear views.
Z - c a b i n c t : 3-Incoming radio wave; 4-R.F. current: 5 a n d la-+oils: 6--port f o r liaht; ?-grid condenser a n d grid leak: &port: 9-variable condenser; 10-area painted to indicate triode tube: 11-fllarnent; 12-arid symbol: 13-translucent mirror f o r Plate; 14-area with green Cellophnnc; 15--slot f o r grid liaht: 16-area behind plate, yellow Cellophane: 17--cond~nser: IS-actunl phone caps with yellow lights i n place of diaphragms: I!l-yellow for B battery: 26red for A battery; 21-holes representing electrons passI n s from filamcnl; Z%t~oles In panel for electrons going l o plate; 25--cord f o r 115-v supply f o r lights a n d switch

KEY TO FIG. 1: I-panel;

APRIL, 1941



Miniature-Tube Flashlight Cell Receiver
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the 3-circuit-tuner type which has a terminal strip clearly marked for proper connections, greatly simplifying the circuit wiring for the novice. In addition, the coil has a movable "tickler coil" which makes the usual volume control or variable condenser for controlling regeneration unnecessary. Two small machine screws are used to bolt the coil assembly to the front panel. Finally mount the row of Fahnestock clips with machine screws and nuts, placing a round-hole soldering lug under each nut. One extra clip is mounted to connect in the negative-B lead so that when the loudspeaker stage is added it can be controlled

Kits! (;i,t :!,? t l l ~ i i l oi 15.000 Parts! 11161 Ilizxest s t . 1 ~ ~ ' lt!til<!i!w >m~ttrm v t l r z ' i i o ! I ) $ r ~ t , l ~ <t ~ o u q!$:!lils n i l r l % i t , a i l r,sdiu. of v I s - I - 1 1 1 i I lk t I:ii,rs Iv;ltiinx 111i8k<: (~01111111~1~ to s i c f t - i s I I l l s t i n x s ful. P i r r s ~.;ttiio hr~ii,iin!: s i g n % : I.'ltl.:l: I'icl'ls 1.isrs nu reit1111,n r c q t ? i r r ~ t ~ ~ ~ n l . t:vpl)-~ I I i I I i Lhiltx SOII 18rwl at SIII. tirt~el.til)s. r:tdio for c!?rY I l L ~ i I ~ l t rv<luI~'c- l>ott't !miss t h i s 7 x l !~ l l l S l ? r l r ~ x !!~ I . I l lX I I r y k :\I.I,I F:l) (';11;110p llle rt.lj:tltlc, 1s l o furl ;111,I ~1.rlfirs nllel! J(IU rrls (l<ti<ie 10 K ~ c r s t l > i t t c n I l : ~ < l i o i a1 un i\I,I.lF:I) t o h c l l l xu"! tile lotvc.;t pl.i<ws!


by the same "on-off" switch. The small




Radio Dictiansry. S o t h i n g I ~ k e Builders' Hantlbook. The n ~ s t i t ever irrf0rr.-rolnplrle, slltilori~ ) ~ l ) t , l i $and l i t l t , l ? S O I ~ r 01 ill1 tiltivll. !l.nrll1 n l i l l l ~ l i ~ n e s tllc 1t;tclio n ! ~ l ~ l i ? ; t l i ~ ~ ! ~ ~ ,\l.Llb;I)'s n r i c r ! V n r n n l i ~ ~ ~ Il?acIirlg I<;ulio a\rn ralualjle b ~ ~ g i r l l l e r 'hook oo I,? s :111111orili~1 ~llltl<,r ;\T,LII:l) strncr1t;~dio. TVIIP I1c11v t o SelecL e i r cttits, rc.?<I di;fi$rdnls. lmilci ~ ~ ~ 1 . I n t r l . r s t i ! l r .\lnatcur I l i l t l l r l wctinn. I.',~lly i l l u s I ~ ~ i ~ t l~i it s , i iy l o ttn~Ier?t.~ncl.3 l : t k ~ si t easy 1 0 learn l i ; ~ , l i o Send roupon SO\,'! .............


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round tuning dial plate is fastened to the front of the panel with china cement. In assembling and wiring these units, follow the diagrams carefully, checking each wire as you put it in. Make all connections with rosin-core wire solder making sure that your iron is bright and we11 heated. Good mechanical and electrical connections are important in radio work. Although all parts for both receiver and audio amplifier arc i n e x p e n s i v e , they should be of good quality, and just as specified. A detailed list of the original 1 ~ . parts used in both units, is available from Popular Mechanics radio department without charge. After the receiver is wired, you are ready to solder the flashlight batteries together. Scrape the ends with a sharp knife where they a r e t o be soldered to insure a good connection. It will be noted that two of the cells are connected in parallel for
the 1% volt "A" battery.
Conl~rctcd in


I City

..........State ............................ I


manner the voltage remains at 1% volts but the amperage is increased to double the usable life of the cells. Use a good set
(Continued to p a p 136A)




(Continued from page 134A)

There's a lot of he-man thrill in a short-wave radio of your own. But the biggest thrill is putting this magic Voice-of.the-World together YOURSELF. Our new FREE radio catalog No. 8 2 features a wide selection of Build-il-Yourself kits and items designed to make that thrill come true. But that's not all. This big 196 page book also contains thou-

of, preferably new, 2,000-ohm headphones; old phones usually lack sensitivity. To test the receiver, connect the antenna, and a good ground on a cold water pipe; throw switch No. 1 "on" and turn the "tickler coil" until it lines up with the large coil. Now rotate the variable condenser slowly. Whistles indicate stations. When one is heard, rotate the "tickler coil" until the whistle stops and the station comes in



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or -100 Sinn nre., ~ v e I urn. 8. r Please Rush FREE Catalog No. 82.

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pl-ot,rlicrs, sll:lflinc. slufllse I~oscr. ~lasll ";tnels iinti Oll~cr itthoart1 l10!ver a c ( . ~ ~ ~ o r i c s . nil13 ~dcl:>ilsof cnl~lnicle lillc Of l t v < l \ V i W .\lal.ine Enaisics. Free on reauest.

clearly. To tune in short-wave stations, throw switch No. 2 and tune slowly and carefully a s these stations tune very sharp. Best results on the short wave bands will be obtained a t night, especially the amateur and police stations. Some of the type IS4 tubes seem to operate more smoothly on 4% volts of B-battery. If the set "pops" noticeably as the coil is turned, or breaks into squeals, use three of the cells in the B-battery instead of the four shown. Construction details for the amplifier unit are clearly shown in Fig. 3 and the battery connections for using both units in Fig. 3-A and photo B. It will be noted that a large No. 6 dry cell is used for the A-battery and that a 4% volt "C" battery and a 45-voIt B - h a t t ~ l arc added: t h e No. 6 dry .~ cell replacing the two-cell flashlight Abattery in order to operate both units more economically. Schematic circuit diagrams for both units appear in Fig. 4. The blueprint number of this article is R-289.