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THE CONSERVATIVE INDEX
THIS IS our 34th Conservative Index ( the third for the 98th Congress) based on key votes of interest to Con servatives. The scores are derived by dividing the Right votes (stars) by the total votes cast and deducting two points for each failure to vote ("Z") . Recorded pairings and formal an nouncements prior to the closing dates for each Index appear as hollow stars or doublecstaff daggers. The absence of a tally indicates that the Member was not in Congress when the vote was recorded. A cumulative score for this Index and the last two appears in the left column. The average House score increased to 44, three points above that of our
last Index . Twenty-four Representa tives (down from 31) earned perfect ratings of 100, while 57 others tallied 90 or higher. The number at zero or less more than doubled, from 32 to 73. The Senate average jumped eight points from 39 to 47. The number of Senators scoring 100 declined from three· to two (Senators Hatch and Nickles), while 11 other Senators regis tered 90 or above. Thirteen Senators (up from' eight) scored zero or less. As always in these reports, the ed itors of The Review Of The News encourage you to evaluate each issue, commend your legislators when they vote right, and urge improvement where needed. Here are the details:
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES: Basic Issues
( 1 . ) H.R. 2957, International Monetary Fund (Amendment). On August 3rd, the House voted 217 to 211 (Roll Call 320) for legislation extend ing credit to faltering Third World economies through the International Monetary Fund (and indirectly bail ing out both domestic and foreign banks which have made high-risk loans to such nations), extending the authority of the Export-Import Bank, providing for continued U.S. particiThe Review Of The NEWS, September 28, 1 983
pation in multilateral development banks, etc. The most controversial as pect of the legislation was the pro posed $8.4 billion additional U . S . "contribution" t o the LM.F. O n July 29th, a clear-cut vote on that basic issue occurred when an amendment was proposed to delete the entire LM.F. handout from the" bill. The amendment failed, however, by a tally of 178 to 226 (Roll Call 292 ) . We have listed that vote. The "Yeas" de39
serve stars while the "Nays" merit daggers. (2.) H.R. 3706, Martin Luther King Holiday. Ignoring the evidence documenting slain civil-rights leader Martin Luther King Jr.'s pro-Commu nist activities and associations, his morally questionable escapades, and his duplicitous tactic of instigating violence under the guise of "non violent" resistance to laws with which he disagreed, the House approved leg islation to establish the controversial Martin Luther King's birthday as a legal public holiday. If approved by the Senate and signed into law, it is estimated that the additional holiday will cost taxpayers in excess of $1 billion annually in direct expense and loss of productivity. The vote on Au gust 2nd was 338 to 90 (Roll Call 304). The "Yeas" pull daggers; the "Nays" grab stars. (3.) H.R. llS3, . Limiting The Tax Cut. On June 23rd the House approved legislation to raise taxes by limiting the 10 percent individual income-tax cut (which went into effect on July 1st) to $720 for jointly filed tax re turns. The restriction (which the Sen ate subsequently rejected) would have most seriously affected middle-in come Americans ( especially two-in come families) and small businesses (particularly family farms) . It was predicated on the misguided notion ' that our fiscal troubles result from undertaxing rather than overspending. The vote was 229 to 191 (Roll Call 218) . The taxing "Yeas" rate daggers while the responsible "Nays" attract stars.
4. H.R. 2957, Communism Versus Apartheid (Amendment). The bill to increase funding for the LM.F. in cluded a strong statement condemning the apartheid system of racial segre gation, on grounds that apartheid rep resents an impediment to labor mo bility and economic growth, creates balance-of-payments problems, and therefore contradicts the stated goals of the LM.F. It was argued that the I.M.F. should not lend money to na tions which practice apartheid. You will note, however, that the deleterious economic evils attributed to apartheid are similar to those spawned by Com munist regimes. It was for this reason that an amendment was offered a]so to restrict I.M.F. funding of Com munist dictatorships. For instance, the revised language of the bill would have asserted at one point that "prac tice of apartheid and communist dic tatorship result in severe constraints on labor and capital mobility and other highly inefficient labor and capital" restrictions. Needless to say, such language was opposed by many congressional Leftists who favored condemning apartheid, but wished to keep Communism off the hook. Nev ertheless, the amendment was ap proved on August 3rd by a healthy margin of 242 to 185 (Roll Call 317) . The principled "Yeas" win stars, while the hypocritical "Nays" get the point of a dagger. (5.) H.R. 3 135, Elevated Waste (Amendment). While debating the Fiscal Year 1984 Legislative branch appropriations bill, the House conThe Review Of The IEWS, September 28, 1 983
sidered an amendment to eliminate funding for the 14 employee posi tions presently devoted to operating automatic elevators in the House of fice buildings. The amount of money involved was relatively insignificant ($169,876, or $12, 134 per employee) , but the principle of the thing was significant indeed. It would be dif ficult to find a more glaring. example of the willful waste of tax dollars than paying persons to push buttons on automatic government elevators. Incredibly, however, the amendment was rejected by a vote of 101 to 193 on June 3rd (Roll Call 160) . The frugal "Yeas" call for stars, while the prof ligate "Nays" reap daggers. (6.) H.R. 2760, Covert Aid To Central America. On July 28th the House voted to prohibit U.S. support for military or paramilitary opera tions intended to assist anti-Commu nist Nicaraguans seeking to overthrow the Marxist Sandinista regime which has temporarily captured Managua and is busily exporting its revolution elsewhere. Assistance to the Nicara guan freedom-fighters would be con sistent with the spirit and intent of the Monroe Doctrine and could help avoid a future crisis for our own country of mind-boggling proportions should the Communists be allowed to maintain and expand their presence in our hemisphere. The vote to hamstring the Nicaraguan anti-Communists was 228 to 195 (Roll Call 285) . Chalk-up daggers for the "Yeas" and stars for the "Nays . " (7.) H.R. 2969, B - 1 Bomber
The Review Of The NEWS, September 28, 1 983
(Amendment) . While debating the Fiscal Year 1984 Defense Depart ment authorization bill, the House considered an amendment to delete all funding ($6.2 billion) for procure ment of B-1 Bombers. The B-1, which has suffered political whiplash dur ing the past half-dozen years or so, is needed (among other things) to replace the aging and increasingly decrepit B52. The attempt once again to grind the B-1 program to a halt was de feated on June 15th by a vote of 164 to 255 (Roll Call 195) . Register daggers for the "Yeas" while the " N ays" gather stars. (8. ) H.R. 3 133, E.P .A. Funding In crease (Amendment). On June 2nd the House approved the Fiscal 1984 appropriations bill covering the De partment of Housing and Urban De velopment and sundry independent agencies, boards, commissions, and offices. Prior to the final vote, an amendment was offered to increase funding for the Environmental Pro tection Agency by an additional $219.7 million (to a total of $1.3 billion ) . Even the E.P.A.'s new Administrator, William Ruckelshaus, was reticent about the funding increase, prefer ring instead that Congress at least wait until he had a chance to review the agency's financial and personnel needs. Most of the additional funding was earmarked to strengthen the E .P.A. 's already oppressive regulatory efforts, with the balance going to salaries, re search and development, etc. The amendment passed by a tally of 200 to 167 (Roll Call 147). Give daggers to the
"Yeas" and award stars to the "Nays." (9. ) House Concurrent Resolution 9 1 , First Budget -R esolution (Motion To Recede And Concur). On June 23rd the House and Senate both ap proved a Budget Resolution for Fis cal Year 1984 which forecasts spend ing of $849.6 billion, a monster def icit of $179 billion, and tax increases of $73 billion over the next three years. The irresponsible measure calls for $22 billion more in domestic spending than President Reagan had requested and only one-half (five percent) of the "real" growth in de fense spending that the President had sought. The House vote came on a motion to recede from any disagree ments it had with the Senate regarding specifics of the , Resolution and, in stead, concur with the Senate version.
The tally was 239 to 186 (Roll Call 214) . The "Yeas" earn daggers while the "Nays" require stars. ( 10.) H.R. 3191, Abortion Benefits (Amendment). An estimated 15 mil lion infants have been liquidated in the abortion holocaust approved by the Supreme Court in 1973. During its consideration of the bill making Fis cal Year 1984 appropriations for the Treasury Department, Postal Service, Executive Office of the President, and sundry independent agencies, the House approved an amendment to pro hibit the use of government health benefit funds to finance abortions for federal employees unless the life of the mother is endangered. The vote on June 8th was 226 to 182 (Roll Call 178) . Suspend stars from the "Yeas" and pin daggers to the "Nays ."
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES: Basic Issues Index
Issues Code: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 ALABAMA Edwards 48 t t * * Z * * Z * t 59 Dickinson 65 t * * * Z * * Z * t 71 Nichols 54 * * t * Z * * * * * 87 Bevill 3H t t * Z * * * t * 65 Flippo 31 * t t * t * * t t * 50 Erdreich 31 * t t * t * * t t * 50 Shelby 65 * * * * t * * t * * 80 ALASKA Young 73 * t * * Z * * Z * * 84 ARIZONA McCain 83 * * * * Z * * Z * * 96 Udall 9t t t Z t t * t t t 9 Stump 100 * * * * * * * * * * 100 Rudd 96 * * * * t * * * * * 90 McNulty lO t t t t t t t t t t 0 ARKANSAS Alexander 9Z t t t Z t * t t t 9 Bethune 70* t * * * * * * * * 90 The Review Of The NEWS, September 28, 1 983 Hammerschmidt 77 * Anthony 31 t CALIFORNIA Bosco 16* Chappie 72 Z Matsui 7t Fazio 3t Burton Zt Boxer 3t Miller ot Dellums 9Z Stark 6t Edwards -1 t 7t Lantos Zschau 58 t Mineta 3t Shumway 99 Z Coelho 6t Panetta 3t
* * * t * * * * * 90 t t * t t * * t t 30 t * t t t **Z t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t z t t t t t t t t t t t t t * t * t t t t ***Z t t t Z t t t t t t t t Z *** t * t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t * t t t * t t t t t t t t t *** t t t t **** t * t t t t t t t 20 t 65 t 10 t 0 Z t 0 t 0 t 9 Z 9 t 0 t 0 t 50 t 0 * 96 t 9 t 0
Pashayan 89 * * * * Z * * Z * * 96 Lehman 3t t t t t t t t t t 0 Lago marsino 70 t * * * * * * * * * 90 Thomas 75 * t * * * * * * * t 80 Fiedler 67 * * * * t * * * * t 80 Moorhead 100 * * * * * * * * * * 100 Beilenson 6 t t t t t t t t t Z -2 Waxman 2 Z t t t t t t t t t -2 Roybal 7 t t t t t t t * t t 10 Berman -3 t t t t Z t t Z t t -4 Levine 10 t t t t t t * Z t t 9 Dixon I t t t t Z t Z t t Z -6 Hawkins 6t t t t Z t * * t t 9 Martinez -1 t t Z t z t Z Z Z Z Z Dymally -3 t t t t Z t Z t t t -4 Anderson 11 * t t t * t * t t t 30 Dreier 100 * * * * * * * * * * 100 Torres 7 t t t t * t * * t t 10 Lewis 88* t * * t * * * * Z 76 Brown 10 t t t t Z t * t t t 9 McCandless 80 t * * * * * * * * t 80 Patterson 6 t t t t t t * t t t 10 Dannemeyer 99 Z * * * * * * * * * 98 Badham 87 t * * * Z * * * * Z 84 Lowery 72 t t * * t * * * * * 70 Lungren 93 * t * * * * * * * * 90 Packard 83 * * * * * * * * * * 100 Bates 10* t t t t t t t t t 10 Hunter 90 * t * * * * * * * * 90 COLORADO Schroeder 17 * t t * * t t t t t 20 Wirth 2 t t t t Z t t t t t -2 Kogovsek 10 t t t * * t t t t t 20 Brown 71 * * * * * * t * * t 80 Kramer 96 Z * * * * * * * * * 98 Schaefer 100* * * * * * * * * * 100 CONNECTICUT Kennelly 3 t t t t t t Z t t t -2 Gejdenson 7t t t t t t t t t t 0 Morrison 6 t t t t Z t t t t t -2 McKinney 20 t t * t Z t Z t t t 9 Ratchford 6 t t t t Z t t t t t -2 Johnson 34 t t * t Z * * t t t 3 1 DELAWARE Carper 3t t t t t t t t t t 0 FLORIDA Hutto 63 * * * * * * * * * * 100 Fuqua 28 Z t t * t * * * t * 54 Bennett 43 * t t * * t * * * * 70 Chappell 57 * t * * t * * Z * * 76 The Review Of The NEWS, September 28, 1 983
McCollum MacKay Gibbons Young Bilirakis Ireland Nelson Lewis Mack Mica Shaw Smith Lehman Pepper Fascell GEORGIA Thomas Hatcher Ray Levitas Fowler Gingrich McDonald Rowland Jenkins Barnard HAWAII Heftel Akaka IDAHO Craig Hansen ILLINOIS Vacancy Savage Russo O 'Brien LipiMki Hyde Collins Rostenkowski Yates Porter Annunzio Crane, P. Erlenborn Corcoran Madigan Martin
77 * * * * t * * t * * 80 20 t t t * t t t t t t 10 33 t t * t * t t Z t * 3 1 76 t * * * * * * * * * 90 90* * * * * * * * * * 100 66 t * * * Z * * * * * 87 33 * t t * * * * t t * 50 69 * t * * Z * * * * t 76 87 * t * * * * * * * * 90 15 t t t * Z * * Z t t 34 81 * t * * Z * * * * * 87 6t t t t Z t * t t t 9 2 t t t t t t t Z t t -2 6t t t t Z t * t t t 9 6 t t t t t * t t t t 10 40 * t t * t * * t t * 50 34 Z t t * t * * * t t 42 57 * * t * * * * * * * 90 41 * t * * t * * t t t 50 5t t t * Z t t t t t 9 80* t * * * * * * * * 90 100 * * * * * * * * * * 100 37 * t t * t * * t t t 40 54 * * * * t * t * t * 70 57 t t * t * * * * * * 70 1Z Z * Z Z Z Z Z * Z Z 9 t t t t t t * * t t 20 95 * * * * Z * * * * * 98 97 * Z * * Z * * * * * 96 0 42 70 54 60 9
2t 26 * 59 t 43 * 62 t 9* 13 t -1 t 62 t 20 Z 100* 74 t 88* 57 t 68*
t t t t t t
t t ** ** ** * t t t
t Z t Z t Z
t t * * * t
t t t t t t t * **** t t t * **** t Z t t
t t t t t t t t t t t * t t * t t * t t ***** ** t ** t Z* * * t * t ** *****
* t t * 20 t t t t 0 * * * * 60 * * t * 42 * * * * 100 * * Z * 76 * * * * 87 * * * t 60 * t * t 80
Larry · McDonald,
C ON SERVATIVE LEADERS IN THE
D.mocrat gre.. man
. the S.venth Dis . •arn.d 1 00 per trict of G.orgla,
Philip R. Cran., . R.publlcan Con the Tw.lfth 01. trlct of III lnol., . got 1 00 p.rc.nt. Commltt•• on Way. and M.an., h. l. A m.mb.r of the gr••• man from
c.nt. H. was a. K.A.L. Flight Sev.n was .hot down.
sa..lnated by the Communists wh.n
David T. Drel.r, gr ••• man the Republican Con Irom Thirty-third got 1 00
District of Call lornla, p.rc.nt. A m.m b.r of the H ous. Banking Commltt.e, . thl. I. his second t.rm In Congr....
•• rvlng hi • •Ighth t.rm In Congr•••. Carlo. J. can Moor
Dan Scha.fer IS . a gr ••• man R.publlcan Con Irom
h.ad, a R.publl
man from Califor nia'. Tw.nty-sec ond DI.trlct, was m.mb.r of the Judiciary Commltt••, thl. I. hi. .I�th t.rm In Congr •••. 1 00 p.rc.nt. A
C o ngr ••• -
the Sixth District got 1 00 perc.nt. Small
01 Colorado. H. A m.mb.r 01 the
s.rvlng his Ilrst t.rm In the Congre...
G.rald Solomon, gr••• m a n R.publlcan Con from
R.publlcan Con gr ... man Iro m the Third District of Arizona, was 1 OO p.rc.nt. m.mb.r 01 the A
. New York'. Tw.n ty-fourth DI.trlct, got " 1 00 p.rc.nt. For.lgn Affair. Commltt••, h. Is serv A m.mb.r of· the
Ing his third t.rm In the Congre...
Armed Services CommlHee, h. Is now ..rvlng his fourth .t.rm In Congr....
·The Review Of The NEWS, September 28, 1 983
Evans Michel Crane, D. Durbin Price Simon INDIANA Hall Sharp Hiler Coats Hillis Burton Myers McCloskey Hamilton Jacobs IOWA Leach Tauke Evans Smith Harkin Bedell KANSAS Roberts Slattery Winn Glickman Whittaker KENTUCKY Hubbard Natcher MazzoH Snyder Rogers Hopkins Perkins LOUISIANA Livingston Boggs Tauzin Roemer Huckaby Moore Breaux Long MAINE - McKernan Snowe
10* t t t z t t t t t 9 65 t t * t * * * * * * 70 99* 10* 13 t 2Z ** t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t **** t z t t t z t * t t t t
* * * 100 t t * 20 z t t 9 t t t -2 -2 30
6t 13 * 83 * 78 * 67 t 9O* 80 Z 13 * 17 t 23 *
t t z t t t t t t *t t t t t * ******** ******** **z***** ******** ** t ***** ** t t t t t t t * t t t t t * * * t t t** t t t * t t t
z t t t ** ** t t ** * t * t ** t t t ** t Z r t Z t Z t t t t t *
76 90 76 30 20 40 31 60 60 30 8 10
31 t t * 51 t * * 44 t t * 16 t t * H t t 10 t t t
83 * t * * * * * * * * 90 24 * t t * z t t t t * 3 1 86* * * * * * * * * * 100 17 t t t * z t * t t t 20 71 * t * * * * * * * t 80 36 t t t * * * * * 23 * t * * t t * * 13 t t * * t t t t 83 * * * * * * * * 77* * * * * * * * 77* t * * * * * * 20 * t t * t t * t 79 t t 16 t t 63 * t 80* t 45 t t 92 * * 56 Z t 8t t t Z 54 t * 60 t * 30 * * 100 * * 100 * * 90 t * 40
* * t * * * * * 70 t t t t * * t * 30 * * * * * * * * 90 * * * * * * * * 90 t * Z * * * * t 54 * * * * * * * * 100 t * t * * * * * 65 t t t t * t t * 20
37 t t * * t t * t * t 40 34 t t * * z t * t * t 42
MARYLAND Dyson 47 * t t * t * * * * * Long 13 * t * * t t t t t t 7* t t t t t t t t t Mikulski 87 Z * * * Z * * * * * Holt Hoyer 13 t t t t t * * * t t Byron 57 * t * * t * * * * * Mitchell 6Z t t t t t t * t t Barnes 7t t t t t t t t t t MASSACHUSETTS Conte 24 t t * t z t t * * * Boland 5t t t t Z t t * t * Early 16* t t * z t t * t * 7t t t t tt t * t t Frank Shannon -1 t t t t z t t t t t 13 t t t t z t t * t * Mavroules Markey 3t t t t t t t t t z O'Neill Speaker of the House 7t t t t t t t t t * Moakley Studds 9t t t t z t t t t t 13 * t t t t t t t t * Donnelly MICHIGAN Conyers -6 t t t t z t t z t z Pursell 41 t * * * Z * t z * t Wolpe 2t t t t z t t t t t Siljander 95 * t * * z * * * * * Sawyer 51 t t * * t * * * * * Carr 6Z t * t t t t t t t 10 t t t t t t t t t * Kildee Traxler 21 * t t * z t t z t * Vander Jagt 72 * t * * * * * Z * * Albosta 11* t t * z t t * t * Davis 47 t t * * t * * t * * Bonior 6t t t t Z t t t t * Crockett °t t t t Z * t * t t 10 t t t t t t t t t * Hertel Ford 3t t t t t t t t t t Dingell 1Z t t t z t t t t t Levin -1 t t t t z t t t t t Broomfield 76* t * * t * * t * * MINNESOTA Penny 16* t t * t t t t t * Weber 73 * t * * * * t t * * Frenzel 68 t * * t Z * t * * t Vento 3t t t t t t t t t t Sabo -1 t t t t z t t z t t Sikorski 6t t t t Z t t t t * Stangeland 81 t * * * t z * * * * Oberstar 7t t t t t f t t t *
70 30 10 96 20 80 -2 0 31 20 42 0 -2 20 -2 10 -2 20 -6 59 -2 87 70 9 10 34 87 42 60 9 9 10 0 -4 -2 70 30 70 54 0 -4 9 76 1O
The Review Of The NEWS, September 28, 1 983
CONSERVATIVE LEADERS IN THE
g r••• man
R.publlcan Con from
the S.v.nth 01. 1 00 p.rc.nt. A
trlct of T.xa., was m.mb.r of the
Danl.1 Cran., a from 1 1 11-
Way. and M.an. Committee, h. I. now •• rvlng hi • ••v.nth t.rm In Congr •••• Tom Lo.ffl.r, a
gr ••• man DI.trlct
R.publlcan Con Nln.t ••nth of
R.publlcan Con from Twenty-flr.t
DI.trlct of T.xa., .cored 1 00 p.rcent. A member .... of the Budget Committee, he I. serv
nol., got 1 00 p.r of the Arm.d S.rvlc.. Commltt••, thl. Is hi. third t.rm In Congr•••. c.nt. A m.mb.r
Ing hi. third term In the Congr•••.
W. Henson Moore, gr •••m a n R.publlcan Con from
Kenneth Robinson, a Republican from the S.venth 01. trlct of Virginia, .cored 1 00 per cent. A memb.r of the Appropria tion. Committee, he I. now .ervlng hi. .ev.nth term In the Congr •••.
the Sixth DI.trlct of Loul.lana, got 1 00 p.rc.nt. Commltt•• on Way. and M.an., h. l. A m.mb.r of the
••rvlng hi. fifth t.rm In Congr•••.
Ind.x rating of the 98th Congress Includ. Mlcha.1 Blllrakl., Earl Hutto, Manu.1
Oth.r R.pre•• ntatlve. receiving .core. of 1 00 p.rcent on thl. Con••rvatlv. Lujan, Clarenc. MIII.r, Ron Packard, Harold Roger., Robert Smith, Virginia
Smith, Gene Snyd.r, Don Sundqul.t, Barbara Vucanovlch, and Larry Wlnn. Other high scorers Include Congressm.n Carroll Campbell, Larry Craig, William Dannem.y.r, Jack FI.ld., Phil Gramm, Jam•• Han ••n, K.n Kram.r, Marvin L.ath, Trent Lott, Bud Shust.r, and D.nny Smith with 98 p.rc.nt; William
Norman Shumway with scores of 98 perc.nt; and, 40 others scored 90 percent.
C arney, Georg. Han••n, MarJorl. Holt, John McCain, Charle. Pa.hayan, and
The Review Of The NEWS, September 28, 1 983
MISSISSIPPI Whitten 33 * t Franklin 89 * * Montgomery 79 * * Dowdy 21 Z t LoU 86 * * MISSOURI Clay 5t t Young 17 t t Gephardt 6t t Skelton 35 * t Wheat 6* t Coleman 63 * t Tay lor 83 * * Emerson 80 * t Volkmer 20 * t MONTANA Williams 10 t t Marlenee 86 * * NEBRASKA Bereuter 68 t t Daub 80 * t Smith 80 * * NEVADA Reid 1H t Vucanovich 60 * * NEW HAMPSHIRE D'Amours 11 * t Gregg 86 * * NEW JERSEY Florio 13 t t Hughes 1H t Howard 3t t Smith 40 t t Roukema 30 t t lO t t Dwyer Rinaldo 30 t t 13 t t Roe Torricelli 6t t Rodino 2t t 10 t t Minish Courter. 66 * t Forsythe 53 t t Guarini 3t t NEW MEXICO Lu an j 85 * * Skeen 85 * t Richardson h t NEW YORK Carney 98 * *
t * ** t * t * **
t t Z t Z
t * * Z *
* * * * *
* t * *** *** t t * *** t t t * t * ** t t ** ** ** t *
50 90 87 34 98 -4 40 10 65 10 80 90 90
t t Z t t Z *t t t ** t t t t t t t *Z** t t t t t t t ***** t ** t *** **** ** t *t t * t
t *Z t t t t t 9 * * Z * * Z * t 84 * * t * * * * * 70 * * * * * * * * 90 * * * * * * * * 100 t * t t t t t * 30 * * * * * * * * 100 t * Z t t t t * 31 * * * * * t * * 90 t ** t t *Z t t t Z t **t * * t t t t t t t ** t * t t t t t t z t t t t t t t t t **** *t * * t t t t t * t * t * t t t * t t * t t * * t t t t * t * * t t * * t t * t t t t * * t t t t t * z t ** t ** t t t t t 20 31 -2 50 20 20 50 20 -2 0 10 76 40 °
* * * * * * * * 100 * * * * * * * * 90 t t Z t * t t t 20 * * Z * * Z * * 96
Downey 6t t * t 13 * t t * Mrazek Lent 65 t t * * McGrath 69 * t * * Addabbo 5Z t t t Ackerman 8t t t t Scheuer lt Z t t Ferraro 3t t t t Schumer 3t t t t Towns lO t t t t Owens 5t t t t Solarz -1 t t t t Molinari 85 t * * * Green 27 t t * t Rangel Ot t t t Weiss 3t t t t Garcia 1Z t t t Biaggi 3t t t t Ottinger 2t t t t Fish 35 t t * t Gilman 53 t t * * Stratton 35 t t t t Solomon 100 * * * * Boehlert 27 t t * t Martin 80 t * * * Wortley 77 t t * * McHugh 3t t t t Horton 32 t t * t Conable 73 t * * t 89* t * * Kemp LaFalce 6t t t t Nowak 5t t t t Lundine 6t t t t NORTH CAROLINA Jones 21 * t t Z Valentine 40 * t t * Whitley 3U t t * 13 t t t * Andrews Neal 20 t t t * Britt 6t t t * Rose 13 t t z * Hefner 2H t t * Martin 72 t * * * Broyhill 52 t t * * Clarke 17 t t t * NORTH DAKOTA Dorgan 17 Z t t * OHIO Luken 9t t t t Gradison 64 t t * *
t t t t t t t t t t t t Z***** Z**t ** Z * t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t Z t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t Z t t Z t Z t t t t *** t * * t t t * t t t t t t t t * t t * t t Z t t t t t Z t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t ** *** t * t Z**Z t * ****** * t * t * t Z *** ** Z *** ** t t t t t * t t t t *t ***** t t ***** Z t t t t * t t t t t * t t t t t t t * t t t t t t * * t t ** t t * t t t * t t t *Z t t * t * t t t t t ** t t * t t **** **** t ** t t t t t t t t t t t t
10 20 76 76 -4 0 0 0 0 -4 -2 80 20 0 0 -4 -2 0 30 60 34 100 40 87 76 10 20 70 80 9 10 0 31
30 20 30 10 31 30 80 70 30
t t * t t * 31 t t * t t * 20 Z * * Z * * 71
The ...lew Of The NEWS, September 2a, 1 983
Hall 11 * t t t Z t * t t * 3 1 Oxley 75 t t * * * * * * * * 80 Latta 9O t * * * * * * * * * 90 83 * t * * * * * * * * 90 McEwen De Wine 83 t t * * * * * t * * 70 Kindness 83 t * * * t * * * * * 80 Kaptur 9 * t t t t t t t t * 20 Miller 87 * * * * * * * * * * 100 Eckart 1 3 * t t * t t * t t t 30 Kasich 83 * t * * * * * * * * 90 Pease lO t t t * * t t t t t 20 Seiberling 3 t t t t t t t * t t 10 W ylie 60 t t * t * * * * * * 70 Regula 60 t t * * * * * * * * 80 Williams 40 * t * * t t * * t * 60 Applegate 36 * * * * t * * * * * 90 Feighan 6t t t t t t t t t t 0 Qakar 1 3 t t t t t t * t t * 20 Stokes 9t t t Z t t t * t t 9 OKLAHOMA Jones 30 t t t * t t * * t * 40 Synar 10 t t t t t t * t t t 10 Watkins 3 1 * t t * Z t * * t * 54 McCurdy 3 1 * t t * t t * t t t 30 Edwards 91 * t * * * * * * * * 90 English 50* t t * t t * * * * 60 OREGON AuCoin 9t t t * Z t t Z t t 9 Smith, R. 89* * * * * * * * * * 100 Wyden 3t t t t t t t t t t 0 Weaver 8* Z t z t t t t t t 9 Smith, D. 97 * * * * Z * * * * * 98 PENNSYLVANIA 6t t t t z t t z t * 9 Foglietta Gray 6t t t t t t t t t t 0 Borski 1 3 t t t t * t t t t * 20 Kolter 15 * t t * z t z z t z 25 Schulze 79 * t * * z * * * * * 87 Yatron 1 1 * t t t t t * t t * 30 Edgar 2t t t t t t t t t t 0 Kostmayer 6 t t t t z t t t t t -2 Shuster 95 * * * * Z * * * * * 98 McDade 39 Z t * t t z z t * * 3 7 Harrison 9* t t t t t t t t * 20 Murtha 23 t t t t t * * * t * 40 Coughlin 47 t t * * t t t t * * 40 Coyne -1 t t t t t t t t t t 0 Ritter 83 * t * * * * * * * * 90 Walker 90* t * * * * * * * * 90 86 t t * * * * * * * t 70 Gekas The Review Of The NEWS, September 28, 1 983
Walgren 1 3 * t t * t t t t t z 20 Goodling 55 t * * * t * * * * * 80 Gaydos 19 t t t * z * * t t * 42 Ridge 47 t t * * * t * t * * 60 Murphy 23 * t t * t t * * t * 50 Clinger 57 t * * t t * t t * * 50 RHODE ISLAND St Germain 5t z t t z t t t t * 9 Schneider 9t t * t z t t t t t 9 SOUTH CAROLINA 94 * t * * * * * Z * Z 84 Hartnett 83 * * * * t * * * * * 90 Spence Derrick 9t t t * Z t t t t t 9 Camp bell 79* * * * Z * * * * * 98 1 4 t t t t * t * t t t 20 Spratt Tallon 11 * t t * t * t t t t 30 SOUTH DAKOTA Daschle 13 * t t t t t z t t t 9 TENNESSEE Quillen 79 t * * * Z * * * * * 87 Duncan 64 * t * * z * * * * * 87 Lloyd 46 * t t * z * t t * * 54 Cooper 26 Z t t t t t t t t t -2 Boner 16 t t t * t * * t t * 40 Gore 1 t t t t z t t t t z -4 Sundquist 93 * * * * * * * * * * 1 00 Jones 28 Z t t t Z '* * Z t * 37 Ford 2t t t t t t t t t t 0 TEXAS Hall, S. 73 * * '* * t * * * * * 90 Wilson 44 t t t * z * * Z * Z 51 Bartlett 93 t * * * * * * * * * 90 Hall, R. 72 * t * z * * * * * * 87 Bryant 10 t t t * z t * t t t 20 Gramm 96* * * * Z * * * * * 98 Archer 99* * * * * * * * * * 100 Fields 93 * * * * Z * * * * * 98 Brooks 20 * t t * t t t * t t 30 Pickle 27 t t t * t t * * t t 30 84 Z * * * * * * * * * 98 Leath Wright 1 3 t t t t z t * * t t 20 Hightower 47 * t * * z * * * t * 76 Patman 41 * t * * t * * t t * 60 de la Garza 11 * t t t t t * * t Z 3 1 Coleman 17 t t t t t t * * t t 20 Stenholm 81 * * t * * * * * * * 90 Leland 6t t t t t t t t t t 0 Hance 48 * t t * Z * * * t t 54 Gonzalez 16* t t * t t * t t t 30 Loeffler 99* * * * * * * * * * 100 51
96 * * * * * * t * * * 90 Paul Kazen 46 * t t * Z * * Z t * 59 Frost l l Z t t * Z t * Z t t 23 Andrews 24 t t t * Z t t t t t 9 Vandergriff 40 * t t * t * *" t * t 50 Ortiz 2a t t t t t * t t * 30 UTAH 99 * * * * Z * * * * * 98 Hansen 7 3 t * * * t * * * Z * 76 Marriott 89 t * t * * * * * * * 80 Nielson VERMONT 22 t * * t t t t t t Z 20 Jeffords VIRGINIA Bateman 80 t * * * * * * * * * 90 77 t * * * Z * * * * * 87 Whitehurst 87 * t * * * * * * * * 90 Bliley Sisisky 34 t t t * Z * * * t t 42 82 * * * * t * * * * * 90 Daniel Olin 20 t t t t * t * * t t 30 Robinson 99* * * * * * * * * * 100 86 * t * * * * * * * Z 87 Parris Boucher 1 3 t t t t t t * t t t 10 80 t t * * * * * * * * 80 Wolf WASHINGTON Pritchard 20 t t * t Z t t Z t t 9
Swift 3t t t Bonker 2t t t Morrison 62 t t * Foley 2Z t t Dicks 6t t t Lowry ot t t Cfumdler 54 t t * WEST VIRGINIA Mollohan 16 * t t Staggers 6* t t Wise 7* t t Rahall 10* t t WISCONSIN Aspin 1t t t Kastenmeier 9* t -t Gunderson 53 * t * 10 t t t Zablocki Moody 2t t t Petri 60 * * * Obey -1 t t t Roth 65 * * * Sensenbrenner 80 * * * WYOMING Cheney 88 t t *
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SENATE: Basic Issues ( 1 . ) S. 695, International Mone tary Fund. On June 8th the Senate approved legislation authorizing an increase of $8.4 billion in the United States contribution to the Internation al Monetary Fund and to increase the regulation of international lending by U.S. banks. As noted in the House section, this multilateral foreign-aid handout would compel U.S. taxpayers once again indirectly to bail out those banks which have made questionable loans to unstable Third World nations. The vote was 55 to 34 (Roll Call 126) . Record daggers for the "Yeas" and stars for the "Nays. " (2. ) H.B.. 2973, Withholding Tax
The Review Of The NEWS, September 28, 1 983
On Dividends And Interest (Amend ment). In August of last year, Con gress approved legislation which in cluded a 10 percent withholding tax on interest and dividends. In response to a blistering public outcry against the tax, the House voted overwhelmingly in mid-May to scrap it. Senate oppo nents of the measure then faced a dilemma, since President Reagan fa vored the tax and had threatened to veto the repeal legislation. On June 16th the Senate considered a substitute for the House bill which, while also abolishing the withholding tax, in cluded the repeal provision in a package with other matters favored by the
President (such as trade concessions for 27 friendly Caribbean countries) . Conservatives viewed the substitute as the version most likely to gain Presi dential acceptance. The Senate substi tute was approved by the relatively close tally of 48 to 41 (Roll Call 156) . Following a House-Senate conference, it was overwhelmingly approved by both Houses and accepted (albeit reluctant ly) by the President. We have tallied Roll Call 156 as the most important, and ideologically significant, vote on this issue. Credit the "Yeas" with stars; the "Nays" with daggers. (3.) H.R. 1 183, Limiting The Tax Cut. Six days after the House voted to limit this year's 10 percent individ ual tax cut to no more than $720 for a couple filing jointly, the Senate saved the day by defeating the bill on June 29th by a vote of 45 to 55 (Roll Call 174) . Spear the "Yeas" with daggers; but hang stars from the "Nays." (4.) Volcker Nomination. It is ques tionable whether a mere change of leadership could significantly ' im prove the administration of our in herently flawed Federal Reserve· Sys tem . Nevertheless, Conservatives hoped that the Senate would decline to confirm the nomination for a second four-year term of Jimmy Carter's appointee as Chairman of the Feder al Reserve Board. One Senator readily admitted that ·Paul Volcker had "con ducted monetary policy in an erratic manner, thus leaving the . future for inflation and interest rates uncer tain"; had "failed to point his finger at the real cause of deficit, . out-ofThe IIYII.Of Thi IEWS; September 28, 1 983
control Federai. spending, and has in stead encouraged Congress to raise taxes"; and, "supported the repeal of tax indexing." Yet that very same Sen ator voted to confirm Paul A. Volcker for another term. Most of our Sena tors followed suit, resulting in a final tally of 84 to 16 in the Fed Chair man's favor (Roll Call 222) . Dispense daggers to the "Yeas" and stars to the "Nays." (5). H.R. 3069, Educational Sum mit Meeting (Amendment). While considering a supplemental appropria tion for Fiscal Year 1983, the Senate debated an amendment which would have squandered $500,000 for a Na tional Summit Conference on Educa tion that would unquestionably have served as yet another propaganda fo rum urging additional government in volvement in, and control over, .educa tion. The amendment, which was en thusiastically endorsed by the radical National Education Association, was nonetheless. defeated on June 9th by a vote of 38 to 48 (Roll Call 133) . Mark the "Yeas" with daggers; the "Nays" with stars. (6.) S. 675, Chemical Weaponry (Amendment). During World War II, German dictator Adolf Hitler's gen eral staff considered military de ployment of gas and other chemical agents until they were deterred by the discovery that the allies .had their own supply of such weapons. The U.S. has produced no nerve-gas weapons since 1969, observing instead a self-im posed unilateral moratorium · even as the Soviets have continued to produce
and test such weapons (and use them in Mghanistan and, through surro gates, in Southeast Asia) . While con sidering the Fiscal Year 1984 Depart ment of Defense authorization, the Senate debated an amendment to pro hibit the planned expenditure of $130 million to produce chemical weapons including the Big Eye bomb and two chamber nerve-gas artillery shells. The amendment was tabled (killed) by a vote of 50 to 49 (Roll Call 184) after Vice President George Bush, in his capacity as President of the Senate, broke a 49 to 49 tie. The "Yeas" (to table) earn stars while the "Nays" attract daggers. (7.) S. 675, B-1 Bomber (Amend ment). While discussing the Defense Department authorization, the Senate also debated another amendment in tended to delete funds for produc tion of the B-1 Bomber. The proposal was soundly rejected on July 13th by a vote of 68 to 30 (Roll Call 185) . M fix stars to ,the "Yeas," but deliver daggers to the "Nays." (8.) S. 675, Cruise Missile (Amendment). Yet another amend ment to the Defense authorization bill sought to express the sense of Congress that a U.S. -Soviet "freeze" should be imposed on further deploy ment of sea-launched Cruise missiles during the duration of the START negotiations. Since the Soviets have already deployed many more Cruise missiles than has the U.S., the dovish proposal would have secured the exist ing Soviet advantage. Fortunately, the amendment was tabled (killed) on
The Review Of The NEWS, September 28, 1 983
July 16th by a vote of 47 to 40 (Roll Call 203 ) . The "Yeas" (to table) de serve stars, while the "Nays" garner daggers. (9. ) House Concurrent Resolution 91., First Budget Resolution. On June 23rd the Senate (as did the House) endorsed a Fiscal Year 1984 Budget Resolution calling for expenditures of $849.6 billion, a deficit of $179 billion, and $73 billion in new taxes over the next three years. The tally for this stagflation blueprint was 5 1 to 43 (Roll Call 172 ) . Stick the "Yeas" with daggers, but tag the "Nays" with stars. ( 10.) Senate Joint Resolution 3, Human Life Federalism Amendment. The Human Life Federalism Amend ment was the first proposed Constitu tional Amendment (indeed, the first legislative measure of any kind) in tended to curb abortion which has been reported favorably to the Senate floor by both a Subcommittee and full Committee of the Congress. Consisting of only 10 words, it pro vided: "A right to abortion is not secured by this Constitution." Its in tent, while avoiding many of the most controversial specifics of the abor tion argument, was to overturn the Supreme Court's outrageous series of 1973 decisions which provided the "le gal" basis for mass murder of inno cent human beings. It was defeated, however, by a vote of 49 to 50 (Roll Call 173) on June 28th. (A two-thirds majority of 67 was required for pas sage) . The "Yeas" deserve stars while the "Nays" receive daggers.
Don Nickles Is a Republican from
CONSERVATIVE LEADERS IN THE
Oklahoma. He got 1 00 percent. A member of the Senate Commit and Natural Resources, he Is now serv Ing his flrat term In the U.S. Senate. tee on Energy
Orrin from G. Hatch He
Gordon J. Hum phrey, a Repub lican 98 from New got . A H a m pshire, percent. member Armed
Is a Republican Utah. scored 1 00 per cent. A member of
Committee on the
Hatch Is now serving
his second term In the U.S. Senate.
Committee, Mr. Humphrey la now serv ing his first term in the U.S. Senate.
James A. McClure Is a Republican
Steven D. Symms is a Republican from Idaho. 98 He per scored of the
tions, Mr. McClure is now serving his second term In the U.S. Senate.
cent. A member of the Committee on Appropria
cent. A member Senate on Committee
the Budget, Mr. Symms la now serv ing his first term in the U.S. Senate.
Jesse Helms Is a Republican from North He Carolina. 98 Cha ir scored
Additional high scorers on this third Conservative Index rating of the 98th Congress include the following Sen ators with acores of 90 percent: James Abdnor (South Dakota), John East (North Carolina), Paula Hawkins (Flor ida), Roger Jepsen (Iowa), Paul Lax alt (Nevad�, Strom Thurmond (South Carolina), and John Warner (Virginia).
The levlew Of The NEWS, September 28, 1 983
man of the Sen Agriculture Committee, Mr. Helms is now serving his second term in the U .S . Senate.
SENATE: Basic Issues Index
Issues Code: 1 2 ALABAMA 77 * t Heflin Denton 60 t Z ALASKA Stevens 37 t * Murkowski 49 t * ARIZONA Goldwater 56* Z DeConcini 50 Z t ARKANSAS Bumpers 16 t t Pryor 36 * t CALIFORNIA Cranston 13 Z Z Wilson 47 t * COLORADO Hart -5 Z t Armstrong 90 * * CONNECTICUT Weicker 24 Z * Dodd -2 t t DELAWARE Roth 58 * * Biden 13 * Z FLORIDA Chiles 27 t t Hawkins 64 * * GEORGIA Nunn 41 t t Mattingly 70 t * HAWAII Inouye 10 t z Matsunaga 3t t IDAHO McClure 80 * * Symms 93 * * ILLINOIS Percy 32 t * Dixon 23 t t INDIANA Lugar 43 t * Quayle 54 t * IOWA Jepsen 67 * * Grassley 57 * * KANSAS Dole 47 t *
3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 * * t * * * * * 80 * t * * * * * * 76 * t * * * * t t 60 * t * * Z * * * 65 * t Z Z Z Z * t 50 t * Z t * * * * 59 t t Z*t Z t t t t Z t t t t t 9 9
t * Z t * Z t t 25 * t * * * * * t 70 t t Z t t t t t -4 * t * * * Z * * 87 * t * t * t t t 42 t t t t t t t t 0 * t * t * * * t 70 t t t t t t t t -2 t t t t * t t * 20 * * * * * t * * 90 t t t * t t * * 30 * t * * * * * * 80 t t z t * t t t t t t t t t t t 9 0
* * Z * * * * * 98 * * * * * Z * * 98 * t * t * Z * t 54 t t t * * * t t 30 * t * * * * * * 80 * t * * * * * * 80 * t * * * * * * 90 * t * t * * * * 80 * t * * * * * * 80
Kassebaum 33 * * * KENTUCKY Huddleston 31 * t t Ford 37 t t t LOUISIANA Long 47 t t t Johnston 49 t t * MAINE Cohen 33 * * t Mitchell 17 t t t MARYLAND Mathias 13 t Z * Sarbanes lO t t t MASSACHUSETTS Kennedy 3t t t Tsongas 9Z t t MICHIGAN Riegle 20 t t t Levin -1 t t t MINNESOTA Durenberger 34 Z * * Boschwitz 41 t * * MISSISSIPPI Stennis 33 t t t Cochran 43 t * * MISSOURI Eagleton 13 t t t Danforth 23 t * * MONTANA Melcher 43 * t t Baucus 30 * t t NEBRASKA Zorinsky 72 * t * Exon 53 * t t NEVADA Laxalt 47* * * Hecht 47 t * * NEW HAMPSHIRE Humphrey 93 * * * Rudman 43 t * * NEW JERSEY Bradley 10 t t t Lautenberg 3t t t NEW MEXICO Domenici 33 * * * Bingaman 9t t t NEW YORK Moynihan 13 t * t
t * t t t t t 40 t t t * t t * 30 t t * t t t * 20 t t * * * * * 50 t Z * t * * * 54 t t * * * t t 50 t t t t * t t 10 t * t t t t t 20 t t t t t t t 0 * t t t * t t 10 t t t t t Z t -4 t t t t t t t t t t t t t t 0 0
t * t * t * * 65 t Z * * t t * 54 t t * * * t * 40 t * t * * t * 60 t t t t Z t * 9 t * t * t t * 50 * t t * t * * 50 t t t t * * t 30 t t * * Z * * 65 t t * * * * * 60 t * * * * * * 90 t * * * * * * 80 * * * * Z * * 98 t * * * * t t 60 t t t t t t t t t t t t t t 0 0
t * * * t t * 70 t Z t t t t t -2 t z t * t t t 20
The Review Of The NEWS, September 28, 1983
D 'Amato 43 t * * t NORTH CAROLINA 98 * Z * * Helms 97 * * * t East NORTH DAKOTA 23 * t t t Burdick Andrews 35 * * * t OHIO Glenn 12 Z t t t Metzenbaum 10 Z t t * OKLAHOMA Boren 55 * t * * Nickles 97 * * * * OREGON Hatfield 23 t * * t Packwood 20 t * * t PENNSYLVANIA Heinz 13 t Z t t Specter 23 * * t t RHODE ISLAND Pell 7t t t t COOfee 13 t * * t SOUTH CAROLINA Thurmond 63 * * * t Hollings 20 Z t t t SOUTH DAKOTA Pressler 3H * * t A bdnor 60 * * * t
* * * * t * 70 * * * * * Z 96 * * * * * * 90 t t * t t t 20 * t * Z t * 65 t * * * t t 31 t t * t t t 20 t t * Z * t 54 * * * * * * 100 * t t t t * 40 t t * * t t 40 * t * t t t 20 * t * t * t 50 t t t t t t 0 * t t t t t 30 * * * * * * 90 t * t Z Z t 8 * t t t Z * 54 * * * * * * 90
TENNESSEE Baker 40 t * * t * * * Sasser 27 t Z t * t t * TEXAS Tower 52 t * * t * * * Bentsen 33 t t t t t * * UTAH Gam 72 t * * t Z * * Hatch 80 * * * * * * * VERMONT Stafford 16 t Z * t * * * Leahy 20 t t t t t t t VIRGINIA Warner 27 * * * t * * * Trible 60 t * * t * * * WASHINGTON Jackson 17 t t t t t * * Gorton 27 t * * t * t * WEST VIRGINIA Randolph 40 * t t t t t * Byrd 27 t t t t t t t WISCONSIN Proxmire 37 t t t t * t t Kasten 68 t * * t * * * WYOMING Wallop 66 * * * * Z * * Simpson 30 * * * t * * *
* t * 70 t t t 20 * * t 70 * * t 40 * * * 76 * * * 100 t t t 42 t t t 0 * * * 90 * * * 80 * t t 30 * t t 50 * t * 40 * t t 10 t * * 30 * * * 80 * * t 87 t * t 60
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60 The Review Of The NEWS, September 28, 1 983
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