Cell City Introduction!

Floating around in the cytoplasm are small structures called organelles. Like the organs in your own body, each one carries out a specific function necessary for the cell to survive. This activity does NOT deal with all the organelles, just some of the important ones. Imagine the cell as a miniature city. The organelles might represent companies, places or parts of the city because they each have similar jobs. Below are the descriptions of important parts of the Cell City. A. City Limits - control what goes in and out of the city B. Road System - Allows for movement throughout the city. C. City Hall - Controls all the activities of the city. D. City Auditor - Contains all the records of the city and passes them on as the city grows. Located inside the City Planning Office. E. City Planning Office - A place in the city hall where plans are made for the construction of the city. Located inside City Hall. F. Construction Company - Builds structures for the city. G. Delivery Van - delivers products made at the construction company to other locations in the city. H. Food Processing Plant - Processes large quantities of food entering the city into smaller packages that can be used more easily. I. Warehouse - Stores materials needed by the city. J. Power Company - Produces energy for the city. K. Solar Power Plant – Uses the sun’s energy to produce power for the city. As you move through this worksheet, see if you can match the important parts of the city listed above to the specific organelles found in cells. Be sure to write neatly, and in complete sentences. 1. The nucleus is a large, round/oval structure usually located near the center of the cell. It is the control center for all the activities of the cell. i) What company or place does the nucleus resemble in a Cell City? ii)Why do you think so? i) ____ ii) _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________

dense object found in the middle of the nucleus. The cell membrane is a thin. i) What company or place does the cell membrane resemble in a Cell City? ii)Why do you think so? i) ____ ii) _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ ____ _____________________________________________________________ 3. i) What company or place do the ribosomes resemble in a Cell City? ii)Why do you think so? i) ____ ii) _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ ____ _____________________________________________________________ 5. The ribosomes are small grain-like bodies made mostly of RNA and produced in the nucleolus. The endoplasmic reticulum consists of a network of tube-like passageways that proteins from the ribosomes are transported through. i) What company or place does the endoplasmic reticulum resemble in a Cell City? ii)Why do you think so? i) ____ ii) _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ ____ _____________________________________________________________ 4. It makes the RNA for the cell. Proteins are constructed at the ribosomes. The nucleolus is a small. It allows the cell to change shape and controls what goes into and out of the cell.____ _____________________________________________________________ 2. which is read at the ribosomes and turned into proteins. i) What company or place does the nucleolus resemble in a Cell City? ii)Why do you think so? i) _________________________________________________________ . flexible envelope that surrounds the cell.

They contain all the information to run the cell. The chloroplast is an oval. i) What company or place does the mitochondria resemble in a Cell City? ii)Why do you think so? i) ____ ii) _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ ____ _____________________________________________________________ 8. They supply the energy for the cell by transforming sugars into energy. The chromosomes are rod-shaped bodies found in the nucleolus. It flows and helps organelles move throughout the cell. RNA is made from them in the nucleolus. i) What company or place does the cytoplasm resemble in a Cell City? ii)Why do you think so? i) ____ ii) _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ ____ _____________________________________________________________ 7. The jelly-like area between the nucleus and the cell membrane is called the cytoplasm. i) What company or place do the chromosomes resemble in a Cell City? ii)Why do you think so? i) ____ ii) _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ ____ _____________________________________________________________ 9.____ ii) _________________________________________________________ ____ _____________________________________________________________ 6. green structure found in the cytoplasm. They also pass on the hereditary traits of the cell to new cells. The mitochondria are tiny bean-shaped structures in the cytoplasm with a smooth outer membrane. They are made of DNA and protein. It contains . and a greatly folded inner membrane.

It captures the sun’s energy and uses it to produce sugars in a process called photosynthesis.chlorophyll. Found only in plant cells. i) What company or place do the chloroplasts resemble in a Cell City? ii)Why do you think so? i) ____ ii) _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ ____ _____________________________________________________________ .

The lysosomes are small round structures found in the cytoplasm. food. i) What company or place do the lysosomes resemble in a Cell City? ii)Why do you think so? i) ____ ii) _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ ____ _____________________________________________________________ 11. round sac found in the cytoplasm. and other items in to small particles and sugars. It stores water. or other materials needed by the cell. broken cell parts. The vacuole is a large. They contain digestive enzymes that break down large food particles. i) What company or place does the vacuole resemble in a Cell City? ii) Why do you think so? i) ____ ii) _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ ____ _____________________________________________________________ .10. wastes. Found primarily in animal cells.

10. i) ii) City Hall The nucleus controls all the actions of the cell and City Hall controls all the actions of the . nucleus city 2. vacuole i) Warehouse ii) Both store supplies needed for different jobs. which is passed on to daughter cells and the auditor’s office does the same for the city. 7. 5. 9. i) Delivery van ii) Both the cytoplasm and the delivery van move supplies to where they are needed. lysosomes i) Food processing plant ii) Both break down large things into smaller ones that can be more easily used. endoplasmic reticulum i) The road system ii) Both allow things to move through them to other places. chloroplast i) Solar power plant ii) Both use the sun to generate power.Cell City Introduction! Answer Key for Worksheet 1. mitochondria i) Power plant ii) Both produce the energy needed to function. chromosomes i) City auditor’s office ii) The chromosomes hold all the genetic information for the cell. 3. 8. ribosomes i) Construction company ii) The ribosomes build proteins and the construction company builds buildings. cytoplasm. nucleolus i) City planning office ii) The nucleolus makes RNA for the cell and the planning office makes the blueprints for the city. 6. 4. cell membrane i) City Limits ii) The cell membrane controls what goes into and out of the cell and the city limits do the same for the city. 11.

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