Art Timeline

ART/101 December 18, 2011

This statute can be considered as a three-dimensional sculpture. Greek sculptures are known for their different characteristics. . This statute was found in 1920¶s located on the bottom of a sea off of the Cape of Artemision (GreekLandscapes. Figure 1 Zeus of Artemision (also called Poseidon) Original Artist: Unknown Bronze. (2.450 BC H: approx. This presentation will include ten examples of Greek sculptures for you to view. You will notice that most of the poses you will see were natural. ³The Classical Greek art style is characterized by freedom of expression and movement.) Athens National Museum The figure above demonstrates the Greek¶s beliefs such as strength and natural beauty. and celebrates mankind as an independent entity´ (GreekLandscapes.1 m. 480-233 BC will be developed to improve the content displayed on the museum¶s website. I hope you enjoy. which viewers will mainly see the contrapposto pose. an interactive timeline that focuses on Greek Sculptures from the Classical period. para.ART TIMELINE Art Timeline 2 As curator of the museum. Circa 460 . 7 ft.1).com. 2011).

480 BCE H: 33 7/8" The New Acropolis Museum. The head of the statute was found approximately twenty three years later between the museum and the Acropolis south wall (The New Acropolis Museum. This belief led the Greeks to create art pieces of the human anatomy in stone or bronze materials (GreekLandscapes. 2009). which portrays movement. the torso of the Kritios Boy¶s sculpture was found (The New Acropolis Museum. 2011). Zeus¶s right arm is bent in an upward position and the right leg is slightly raised. 2009). This statute was one of the first statutes which showed just how fond the Greeks were of the human anatomy. Athens In 1865 while performing excavation at the foundation of the old museum at Athenian Acropolis. Figure 2 Kritios Boy Original Artists: Kritios and Nesiotes Marble .com. You will notice that the left harm and left foot are facing towards the enemies which he may encounter. Zeus is represented in superhuman form. Zeus was created with details to show case muscular and nudity.ART TIMELINE 3 which was created with the idea to be viewed from one angle. In this sculpture you .

Circa 450 BCE H: 1. 2011). while the right leg is in a relaxed position slightly bent at the knee. The weight of the body has been supported by the left leg. There are muscular and skeletal parts. The statute demonstrates the body¶s movement. Figure 3 Diskobolos (Discus Thrower) Original Artist: Myron Bronze. This sculpture 4 demonstrates how the Greeks desired to bring out the human features that create natural look in their art. rhythm.ART TIMELINE will notice that the statute shows the contrapposto stance. which give the statute a natural look.700 m Panathinaikon Stadium in Athens One of the Greek¶s most famous statutes comes from the Classical period and is known as the Myron's Discus Thrower statute (British Museum. This unnatural pose has influenced disk . and balance. The muscles are flexed to represent the strength and he has no facial emotion which implies that he is focused.

and appears to be crowning himself. The athlete is shown as standing left with nudity. The piece represents athletic energy along with competiveness. 2011).ART TIMELINE 5 throwing athletes throughout the world as one of the best techniques used to throw the discus. There are tiny traces of blue paint found in the background. . This statute may portray a competitor who could have been declared as a winner for one of the local games.495 m The National Archaeological Museum In Sounion. This sculpture shows off archaic attributes. Figure 4 Votive Relief of An Athlete Crowning Himself Original Artist: Unknown Pentelic marble.48 m W: 0. You will notice that some of the pieces are missing off of the sculpture. which were common for the Greeks to incorporate in their pieces during the Classical period. Attica near the Temple of Athena the Votive Relief was located in 1915 (National Archaeological Museum. The body clearly demonstrates proportion along with the energy it takes before the release of the disc. 460 BCE H: 0.

ART TIMELINE 6 Figure 5 Youth of Marathon Original Artist: Praxiteles Bronze.94 m The National Archaeological Museum of Athens In 1990 Youth of Marathon was found on the sea floor in the Antikythera shipwreck south of Peloponnese (Marathon Bay) (National Archaeological Museum. 2011). These were characteristics of Praxiteles that demonstrates ease of movement with the body. This statute represents portrays a young boy that may possibly be God of Hermes. There are objects that are missing from this statute. The left leg is supporting the Sshaped body. which he was holding in his left and right hands. . You will notice his thick hair that appears to be adorned by a ribbon and a hornlike projection (National Archaeological Museum. 340-330 BC H: 1. The head appears to be turned slightly to the left. 2011). This statute showcases nudity of a young boy with facial features and muscular features.

Several attempts have been made to restore the parts missing such as the head.5 cm Vatican Museums The first female depicted in the nude during the Classical period was the statute of Goddess Aphrodite of Knidos (Museum of Antiquities. but each attempt failed. . This was a ritual bath. 364 BC (modern day) H: 68. marble original. 2011). 2011). which was intended to restore her purity (Museum of Antiquities. arms and legs. This statute shows the nude torso of Aphrodite when she was finished with her bath. There were two versions of this statute that were originally made. One was created nude while the other statute was draped. The Aprhodite¶s statute is one of the most replicated statutes in the world. The original statute perished in a fire in Constantinople. This statute was meant to showcase that the body can become whole.ART TIMELINE 7 Figure 6 Aphrodite of Knidos Original Artist: Praxiteles (original) Plaster replica.

) Munich Museum When Polykleitos created his pieces his main goal was to capture ideal proportions of the human body. balance. (213 cm. a sense of proportion. The picture above is a copy of the original. The right hip was created with it being elevated upward. and contrast. which demonstrated these characteristics. Doryphorus stands in the contrapposto pose and is nude.ART TIMELINE 8 Figure 7 Doryphorus of Polyclitus Original Artist: Polykleitos of Argos Marble of bronze original. which shows off the talents of the Greeks during this era. while the left hip was created downward. The statute of Doryphorus shows symmetria. 450-440 BC H: 84 in. . 2007). The left shoulder of Doryphorus is raised and the other shoulder is lowed position. which are known as the Canon or Rule (University of Missouri. Polykleitos established a set of aesthetic principles.

Satyros of Elis (National Archaeological Museum. The face does not showcase any emotions. . 2011).In this sculpture you will notice the facial features. 2011). 330-320 BC H: 0.28 m National Archaeological Museum of Athens In 1880 at Olympia the Bronze Portrait Head of a Boxer was found (National Archaeological Museum. which were typical of the Greek sculptures that were created during the Classical period. 2011). Satyros of Elis won multiple boxing matches at Olympia. There was speculation that this head may have belonged to a famous boxer called. Pythia.ART TIMELINE 9 Figure 8 Bronze Portrait Head of a Boxer Original Artist: Silanion Bronze. and Nemea (National Archaeological Museum.

was located in Tegea. 330-320 BC H: 40m Athens National Museum This female head was created out of marble and may be the head of Hygieia. This represented beauty to the Greeks. Arkadia (National Archaeological Museum. 2011). . 2011). The original was created in the late Classical period. You can see that the hair was combed to the back on both sides.ART TIMELINE 10 Figure 9 Head of Hygieia Original Artist: Sculptor Skopas Resin replica. marble original. Many felt that Skopas may have gotten away from the traditional of Classicism that they were used to. Hygieia was considered to be the daughter of Asklepios and a goddess (National Archaeological Museum. You will notice that great details were used to show the female¶s head had wavy hair.

In certain parts of the statute you will notice that yellow and red can be seen embedded in them. The original was nude and was larger in size. As you can see the Greek Artist produced some magnificent pieces. ³It was clear to an artist of the Classical period of Greece that the beauty of the whole depended on the harmony of . This art piece is known as the best replica of the Athena of Parthenos (National Archaeological Museum.05 m Athens National Museum In 1880 a replica of Athena of Parthenos was found. where many of the body parts were made out of ivory and the rest were covered with leaves of gold (National Archaeological Museum. The left hand is resting on a shield with a snake coiled on the inside of the shield.ART TIMELINE 11 Figure 10 Athena of Varvakeion Original Artist: Pheidias Pentelic marble. In the middle of the cape you will see the head of Medusa¶s that is surrounded by snakes. In the above replica of Athena you will notice that she is wearing an Attic helmet. 2011). You will also notice that her breasts are covered with golden tassel cape. in Athens. 438 BC H: Height 1. 2011).

8) Artist today can be influenced by viewing pieces created during the Classical period. 2011.ART TIMELINE the parts which comprise it. and that each part depends on the others in order to create a harmonious group´ (GreekLandscapes. 12 .

org/images/museums/athensclassical/ British Museum.). Aphrodite of Knidos: Classical Greek. 2011. (figure 4). (2011) Classical Greek Art: Image. Retrieved on December 11. Classical Period: The Votive Relief of An Athlete Crowning Himself. 2011. Image. from http://www. Retrieved December (2011) (2011). Retrieved on December 11.html . from http://www. Retrieved on December 11. Image 3344.html GreekLandscapes.ART TIMELINE References Athens National Museum. Sculpture of the Greek Classical Period (480 . from http://www. (2011) B.usask. from http://www. Discus-thrower (discobolus). The Votive Relief of An Athlete Crowning Himself. (2011).namuseum. Retrieved on December 11. Retrieved on December 11. (2011). (2011).gr/collections/sculpture/classical/classic01-en.aspx Museum of Antiquities. (figure 6).html National Archaeological Museum. 2011. from http://www. from http://www. 2011. Image (figure 3).org/explore/highlights/highlight_objects/gr/d/discusthrower_discobolus. 2011.html 13 National Archaeological Museum.html Museum of Antiquities.britishmuseum.greeklandscapes. (figure 1). Aphrodite of Knidos: Classical Greek. Retrieved on December 11. from http://www.ancient-greece.

(2011). Retrieved on December 11. from National Archaeological Museum. Classical Period: Bronze Portrait Head of a Boxer. 3602 (figure 9). Head of Hygieia.namuseum. 2011. 2011. (2011).gr/collections/sculpture/classical/classic08-en. 2011. Retrieved on December 11. 2011.html National Archaeological Museum. from http://www. Retrieved on December Image.html National Archaeological Museum.html National Archaeological Museum. Image.html 14 National Archaeological Museum. 2011. 129 (figure 10). from http://www. Classical Period: Youth of Marathon Retrieved on December 11. from http://www. (2011). Athena of Varvakeion. (2011).namuseum. from http://www. Classical Period: Athena of Varvakeion. (2011).html National Archaeological National Archaeological Museum. (2011) Classical Period: Head of Hygieia. Retrieved on December 11. Image. Retrieved on December x6439 (figure 8).namuseum. Image.ART TIMELINE National Archaeological Museum. 2011.namuseum. Retrieved on December 11. Youth of Marathon. from http://www. Bronze Portrait Head of a Boxer. x15118 (figure 5). (2011). 2011. from . from http://www. Retrieved on December 11. (2011).

(2007).gr/collections/sculpture/classical/classic14-en.html The New Acropolis Museum. 2011. (figure 2).gr/images/a1/kritios_boy. from http://www. from http://maa. (2007).edu/objects/castgallery/castDoryphoros. The Archaic Gallery. 2011. Museum of Art and Archaeology: Doryphoros.namuseum. Image. The Archaic Gallery. 2011.jpg University of Missouri.missouri. Retrieved on December 11. Museum of Art and Archaeology: Doryphoros. Retrieved on December 11. (2009). from http://www.greek-thesaurus. 2011. Retrieved on December TIMELINE http://www. (figure 7).gr/new-acropolis-museum.missouri.html 15 The New Acropolis Museum. (2009).html University of Missouri. Image.greek-thesaurus. Retrieved on December 11. from http://maa.html .

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