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A continued rise in emission levels from the transport sector presents an ongoing air pollution challenge to Italian policy-makers, particularly in the face of increasing passenger and freight traffic (an increase of 132 percent between 1970 and 1991, which is among the highest found in the industrialized nations). Emissions in the transport sector increased between 12 and 32 percent for various pollutants over the 1980s and have continued to rise in the 1990s. Whatever limited gains have been achieved by existing emissions policies, it is clear that stricter and more comprehensive policies are needed, particularly because current target levels of NOx and VOCs are unlikely to be achieved at current rates of expansion in the transport sector. The other challenge facing Italy with respect to all environmental policies, including air pollution control, is that of coordination between central, regional and other levels of government. National-level institutions have lacked both the resources and organizational strength to manage this process effectively. In addition to their own weaknesses, central government agencies thus far have had great difficulty in guaranteeing uniform implementation of regulations across regions, reflecting a high degree of subnational government autonomy. To improve this coordination there is a pressing need for additional monetary resources, stronger enforcement mechanisms, and improved monitoring capabilities at both central and regional levels. This will only be possible to the degree that the regional and local administrative units are strengthened (institutionally and financially) so it is possible for them to fulfill effectively their responsibilities.
Environment and Pollution in Italy
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Italy is an Annex I country under the Kyoto Protocol.
Environmental awareness has grown in Italy in recent years, though air pollution remains a serious problem. Because of Italy's heavy reliance on imports to meet its energy needs, energy security and diversification of energy sources are a top priority in Italy's energy strategy. Italy is Well endowed with renewable energy resources, such as solar, biomass and geothermal, which could be captured and utilized for energy. The government's goal of doubling the country's
The doors of Manfredonia's City Hall have been set afire. This little Adriatic port has been the scene of the most dramatic protests. As an Annex I country under the Kyoto Protocol. Elsewhere. rather than as individual signatories. Source: Energy Information Administration Pollution Suddenly a Big Issue in Italy By ROBERTO SURO. mobs have set up roadblocks sealing off the town for as long as three days and bombs have been set off near a petrochemical plant that has aroused anger. also slightly lower than 2001. 1988 In response to a series of environmental emergencies. 'We Are Very. and Parliament is now considering a revamped energy policy because of an overwhelming vote against nuclear power plants in a national referendum last year. High energy prices have encouraged Italian energy consumers to become efficient.7 million metric tons (Mmt) of energy-related carbon dioxide emissions in 2002. Italy must reduce its carbon dioxide emissions by 6. Italy has agreed to reduce its Carbon dioxide emissions by the 2008-2012 commitment period.production of energy from renewable resources by 2012 will help enable Italy to meet its growing energy demand in a more sustainable manner. with each member state given a different emissions target by the EU Commission. Very Late' .6 quadrillion British Thermal Units (Btu) of total energy during 2002. Special to the New York Times Published: November 18. the country was 16 percent above this target in 2002. Under the EU plan. However. angry and sometimes violent crowds have taken to the streets of several Italian cities recently to express what they call ''the rage of the poisoned. the EU has decided to meet its requirements under the Protocol as a whole. slightly lower than 2001. the Government has quickly begun adopting clean-up plans in the face of demands for more ambitious action to prevent disasters.5 percent below the 1990 level during 2008-2012.'' As Italy belatedly discovers that much of its air and water is severely polluted. Italy emitted 448. strikes and other forms of protest have compelled the Government to change plans for handling toxic wastes. The country consumed 7. and both the energy intensity and carbon dioxide intensity of the Italian economy are some of the lowest rates amongst the 25 members of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD).
For instance. where ''the whole national territory is considered no man's land. very late in concerning ourselves with pollution because for decades we have been obsessed with achieving the maximum economic growth possible in the minimum amount of time. the Cabinet cut half the financing for the first year.'' Environment Minister Giorgio Ruffolo said in an interview in his Rome office. so I’d be free to play all day in the wonderful snow. After the air quality had been officially “terrible” for nine days . ''Meanwhile. and now both are exploding. It snows very rarely here in Milan. said a dramatic cultural change is taking place in Italy. Northern Italy normally gets enough rain in the winter to wash away the poisons belched into the air by oil-burning heating systems and far too many cars.'' Antonia Cederna. Smog Days: Italy’s Pollution Problem When I was a kid in Pittsburgh and Connecticut. Some environmentalists worry that the burst of interest is temporary. ''is that everyone wants material wealth and a clean environment. the poisonous gases and particulates accumulated to dangerous levels. Italy is now considering mandatory reductions in automobile emissions.''We are very. but no one wants to pay the price because most Italians are happy so long as the pollution is somewhere else.'' Issue Suddenly Erupts Battles over the environment have been fought in the rest of Europe for years. As we enjoyed the sunshine. waking up to find snow on the ground was always exciting. After approving the plan. but nowhere has the issue erupted so suddenly as in Italy. But not this year: we went nearly sixty days with no rain at all. I’d crouch over the radio. an independent leftist member of Parliament. holding my breath for the longed-for announcement that my school district was closed. But in January we almost had an analogous phenomenon: smog days. nearly five years behind some of its northern neighbors.'' he added.'' ''The problem. because it meant the possibility of a snow day – a day off from school due to dangerous road conditions. ''environmental problems have built up along with popular dissatisfaction. 10-year plan to clean up pollution in the Po River basin.'' Mr. Ruffolo said. something to be used and manipulated by whoever gets there first. The Government has already been accused of lacking commitment to an ambitious. never enough to close the schools.
long-term pollution problem that we can’t depend on the weather to solve.in a row.92 % .15 % 33.and highschool students would start school at 10:00 rather than 8:00. Pollution in Italy Air Pollution Drinking Water Pollution and Unaccessibility Unsatisfaction with Garbage Disposal Dirty and Untidy Noise and Light Pollution Water Pollution Unsatisfaction to Spend Time in the City Unsatisfaction with Green and Parks in the City 71.43 % 63. but then it rained just enough for a last-minute reprieve. and vice-versa for odd dates. which would have meant closing all city and state government offices and schools. This meant that many more people were forced to take public transport. the regional government also decreed that all middle. only cars with even-numbered license plates could be on the road. hopes of truly effective change appear to be lost in a sea of political wrangles. We’ve since had enough wind and rain to clear the air thoroughly. trams. long-term solutions in sight? Few. were heartbroken. and subways. Real.93 % 51. of course. For now. (The kids.29 % 46. In Milan.93 % 64.46 % 51. but the lesson gets clearer as the air gets murkier: Italy has a serious. which was very pleasant. However.79 % 58. this was not likely to have much effect on the smog. because many Milanese go out of town on the weekends anyway and do their driving elsewhere. The next solution tried was four days of “alternate license plates” – on even-numbered dates. as for so many years. while more and more cars continue to squeeze into Italy’s smog-choked cities. we had several Sundays of no cars at all.) There was even the threat of a no-cars Friday. environmental laws forced many communities to close their streets to traffic. to lighten the load on the buses. the streets were delightfully quiet. so.
85 % 66.07 % 35.21 % 41.54 % 48.71 % 53. 2012 .08 % Reportees: 14 Last update : January.Purity and Cleanliness in Italy Air quality Drinking Water Quality and Accessibility Garbage Disposal Satisfaction Clean and Tidy Quiet and No Problem with Night Lights Water Quality Comfortable to Spend Time in the City Quality of Green and Parks 28.07 % 48.57 % 36.